Problemos

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1392-1126 / 1392-1126
Published by: Vilnius University Press (10.15388)
Total articles ≅ 1,874
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SCOPUS
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AHCI
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Latest articles in this journal

Gita Leitlande
Published: 27 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 92-104; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.8

Abstract:
The aim of this article is to provide comparative research of the concept of authentic existence in Stoicism and Phenomenology. The analysis in the article is carried out by comparing select authors’ understanding of a few key concepts which appear to be the most alike: authentic and inauthentic existence, personal renewal, seeking cosmologic framework for ethics, being part of community, and the role of death in shaping awareness of authentic existence. The analysis concludes that there are various degrees of convergence in all concepts considered in the article, which allows the argument that despite substantial differences between philosophies, concepts of authentic existence of Stoicism and Phenomenology at times have compatible aspects, and even complement each other.
Efe Basturk
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 66-78; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.6

Abstract:
The aim of this article is to investigate the tyrannical similarity between Antigone and Creon through Hannah Arendt’s political philosophy. As Arendt claimed, tyranny firstly signals the end of the political through which men can share their natality. The very meaning of tyranny is the domination by absoluteness that ends deliberation among mortal beings. Antigone only focuses on the divine law, which is seen as absolute righteousness that precedes the law of the city, and so, she tends to ignore any other option on rightfulness. This article aims to show that not only Creon but also Antigone can be regarded as a tyrant, since Antigone tends to sublime her dedication to an infallible justice, causing her to deny any other claim on justice.
Rytis Juodeika
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 118-131; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.10

Abstract:
The paper aims to analyse and understand tensions and meanings in the notion of mimesis in the perspective of philosophical anthropology. Classical mimesis theories, which stretch from classical antiquity to modern works by E. Auerbach or P. Ricoeur, are often associated with poetics, narratology or other literature theory studies. V. Podoroga talks about anthropological and phenomenological mimesis, not only about ‘external’, Aristotelian version, but also about internal mimesis. He focuses on the experience of the body as the basis of mimesis. The author explains how mimesis in Podoroga’s version acquires new meanings and demonstrates how Podoroga’s matrixes of anthropograms complement, discuss and transgress hermeneutical models of Ricoeur.The author claims that the method of Podoroga brings us to some kind of a unique ‘system’, that could be compared to the ideas of ‘the death of the author’ (R. Barthes) or ‘the open work’ (U. Eco). Podoroga shows us an alternative, non-semiotic and mimetic approach in contemporary thought, that has not been widely discussed yet in both Russian and English sources.
Justinas Grigas
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 105-117; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.9

Abstract:
The paper considers the phenomenological analyses of anxiety (Angst) and fear (Furcht) found in Heidegger’s Being and Time. In his work Heidegger considers these moods as the conditions of possibility of everydayness. He claims that anxiety is a mood which, in a latent manner, constantly determines everydayness; however, he does not explicitly clarify the meaning of mood having a “latent” form. The paper argues for the thesis that Heidegger considered “being latent” in terms of the structure of forgetting, which is characteristic to everydayness; the paper investigates the means of everyday forgetting described in Being and Time. The first part of the paper briefly discusses Heidegger’s conception of everydayness. The second part interprets the mood of fear as a primary mode of everyday forgetting and explicates the structure of fear as a self-forgetting participation in everyday concerns. In the third part, three main characteristics of everydayness – idle talk, curiosity and ambiguity – are presented as a means of everyday forgetting. In the course of the analysis, everydayness is revealed as a twofold structure of forgetting.
Monika Morkūnaitė
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 52-65; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.5

Abstract:
The article deals with the charge of irrelevance levelled against D. Lewis’s modal realism, notably known as a reductionist account of modality. The charge of irrelevance is apparently one of the most popular objections to modal realism though it often seems that the debate surrounding this charge is not very fruitful since in this context it is common to appeal, implicitly or explicitly, to different criteria for theory choice. As a result, the article deals with the problem in a slightly different manner. The article addresses arguments aimed to show that, contrary to what is often stated, modal realism does not violate our pre-theoretical intuitions, as well as arguments aimed to respond to the charge of irrelevance without appealing to criteria for theory choice at all but providing different reasons instead. However, the aim of this article is to show that all these arguments are rather unconvincing.
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 8-17; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.1

Abstract:
Peter Wason provided his four-card selection task over five decades ago. It keeps causing difficulties from both the linguistic, the psychological, and the cognitive point of view. Many psychology theories have been proposed in order to remove its problems. This paper tries to offer one more possible account. That account is based on the method of extension and intension presented by Rudolf Carnap. Hence, it resorts to the concept of state-description. The basic ideas of the argumentation are two: 1) people might tend to consider state-descriptions when processing information, and 2) if conditionals are not expressed with a clear contextual framework, they might be interpreted as biconditionals.
Dalius Jonkus
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 132-136; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.11

Abstract:
Geniušas, S., 2021. Kas yra skausmas? Vilnius: Phi knygos, 150 p. ISBN 978-609-8236-12-5
Kristijona Čerapaitė
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 142-146; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.13

Abstract:
Iš lotynų kalbos vertė, įvadinį komentarą ir pastabas parašė Kristijona Čerapaitė
Adas Diržys
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 42-51; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.4

Abstract:
In this paper, the traditional question – what is mind? – is suggested to be treated from the metareflective realist stance from which different determinations of consciousness could be apprehended as always instantiated and dependent on their definitions. Methodological differentiation between what is representational and what is non-representational is expressed as a divergence between particular definitions of consciousness and the ontological X, in this context, acting as a universality of consciousness. The derivation of this position is reached through the investigation of François Laruelle’s non-standard philosophy, Wilfrid Sellars’s critique of the myth of the given and Iain Hamilton Grant’s revisionary study of Schelling’s naturphilosophie.
Published: 26 April 2022
Problemos, Volume 101, pp 18-30; https://doi.org/10.15388/problemos.101.2

Abstract:
The young Edmund Husserl stressed that the success of his philosophy hinged upon his ability to determine the subject and the predicate of impersonal propositions and their expressions, such as ‘It is raining’. This essay accordingly investigates the tenability of Husserl’s early thought, by executing the first study of his analysis of impersonal propositions from the late 1890s. This examination reshapes our understanding of the inception of phenomenology in two ways. First, Husserl pinpoints the subject by outlining why impersonal expressions are employed during communication. This contravenes interpretations of the early Husserl as uninterested in intersubjectivity. Second, by studying how Husserl determines the predicate by investigating existential propositions, I show that Husserl , in the late 1890s, came to his final view on the concept of being.
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