ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2519-4976 / 2519-4984
Published by: Private Company Technology Center (10.15587)
Total articles ≅ 402
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Alla Ishchenko, Haiova Liudmyla, Oksana Horkunenko
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 34-40; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.241453

Abstract:
Chemical safety is a component of general and professional competencies of future doctors, namely: general culture (handling of chemical substances, household chemicals); promotion of a healthy lifestyle; prevention of diseases of the population; protection and preservation of public health; providing emergency medical care in emergencies (related to chemical accidents). The article substantiates the method of improving the professional training of future doctors by integrating modern aspects of chemical safety into biochemical training. The potential of the discipline "Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry" as a tool for the formation of competence in chemical safety of future physicians, due to a combination of theoretical training (training material on the mechanisms of inhibition of enzymatic reactions by toxicants; inhibitors and disintegrants of oxidative phosphorylation; molecular mechanisms of action of toxicants; formation and disposal of endogenous toxins; biotransformation of xenobiotics) and laboratory workshops (handling of chemical reagents; modern approaches to hazard labeling and labeling of chemicals; toxicants’ action modeling) is substantiated. The method of studying the educational material of the discipline "Biological and Bioorganic Chemistry" in the context of modern ideas on chemical safety is described. It provides a comprehensive application of modern teaching methods (design, solving situational problems, laboratory experiments, simulating the action of hazardous chemicals, testing) and teaching aids (glossary of terms on biochemical aspects of chemical safety; video lectures and methodical recommendations for independent work of students). The stages of the study method realization of the "Biological and bioorganic chemistry" discipline’s educational material in the context of modern ideas on chemical safety are described. These are the substances’ handling culture formation; formation of biochemical aspects of chemical safety; integration of modern ideas in the field of chemical safety and biochemical components
Iryna Klymchuk
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 11-14; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.241186

Abstract:
A literary analysis of economic issues of financing education by the state, in accordance with international law and globalization of the world economy in order to implement the right to quality education is presented. A conceptual analysis of the system of improving the financing of educational institutions in Ukraine, in particular the specifics and various mechanisms for raising funds and international cooperation of developing countries with developed countries and international programs has been conducted. In addition, the results of international assistance to Ukraine, including financial assistance at the level of general education – international charitable assistance in the form of an international project "House of Europe", within the international programs "Erasmus +" and "European Solidarity Corps" are analyzed. The international program "House of Europe" is presented, which supports creative cooperation between Ukrainian organizations, educational institutions and their partners from the EU and the UK, finances the development of cultural infrastructure and educational programs for young people. Also presented is the Erasmus + Program (2021–2027), an EU program to support and develop education, training, youth and sport in Europe. The program focuses on the social integration of young people, the environmental and digital development of developing countries, and the participation of young people in democratic life. According to the results of joint activities within the international program / project "House of Europe", the international program "Erasmus" and the European Solidarity Corps, the most defined criteria for the quality of general secondary education are identified, namely: objective assessments of educational institutions - student performance tests, the probability of successful entry into prestigious colleges and universities after graduating from primary and secondary school; as well as subjective assessments - attendance of classes, received assessments (success), students' interest in certain training courses / programs, taught in an educational institution. Statistics on the activities of the "ESC Summary" / European Solidarity Corps and "Erasmus +" for 2019–2020 according to the reporting "ESC Summary" / European Solidarity Corps and "Erasmus +" are presented
Iryna Skril
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 15-22; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.241191

Abstract:
Methodological approaches to the formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future hotel and restaurant specialists are selected and revealed, and the principles of this process are substantiated. The essence and structure of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking of future specialists of hotel and restaurant business are formulated. The preconditions of vocabulary use, including terminological, are considered. It has been found, that the production of oral speech is impossible without the perception and understanding of oral speech by ear. The following approaches are described, which provide methodical and methodological substantiation of the process of formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future specialists of hotel and restaurant business, such as: communicative, interactive, student-centric, sociolinguistic. The peculiarities of formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future specialists of hotel and restaurant business on the basis of the communicative approach are outlined. The educational materials, used in the application of the communicative approach, are investigated. The interactive discourse, which is a type of communicative activity, is considered. The principles, on which this process is based, are analyzed: general methodological principles (situational; communicative activity; communicative value; immersion), specific principles speech clichés, parallel activation of visual and auditory channels of information perception). Recommendations for the optimal combination of classroom learning and extracurricular learning, including independent work with the help of network technologies using video, audio and text materials, are given. Learning outcomes are formulated on the basis of the student-centered approach, attention is focused on students' skills and competencies. On the basis of the sociolinguistic approach, the creation of educational situations for the purpose of reproduction of scenarios of professionally oriented communication of experts of hotel and restaurant business is provided. It is concluded, that the formation of professionally oriented English lexical competence in speaking in future hotel and restaurant professionals on the basis of communicative, interactive, student-centric, sociolinguistic approaches will ensure the effectiveness of this process
Yuliia Olizko, Nataliia Saienko
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 4-10; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.238556

Abstract:
This article analyses professional development, completed by 34 in-service ESP teachers of the Department of English for Engineering No. 1 at Igor Sikorsky KPI during March-December 2020. In total 3344.3 hours of professional teacher development were analysed. They were confirmed by certificates of attendance and completion. A significant rise in the number of hours ESP teachers of the Department of English for Engineering No. 1 at Igor Sikorsky KPI spend professionally developing was noticed compared to the years before the pandemic. Quantitative methods and statistical and mathematical processing were used to analyse the data. Nine main categories of professional development were outlined. ICT teacher skills (51.8 % hours), teaching approaches, methods and techniques (18.4 %), student and teacher assessment and evaluation (14.5 %) were distinguished as the three top categories of professional development during the COVID-19 era at the department. Together these categories embraced approximately 85 % of all time, spent on professional growth by ESP teachers of the Department of English for Engineering No. 1 at Igor Sikorsky KPI. Other six categories included: connections with other disciplines (6.6 %), academic publications and research issues (4.8 %), international teacher collaboration (2.1 %), student and teacher behavior problems (1.6 %), language issues (0.2 %), curriculum development (0.07 %). The results confirmed the high demand for learning new ICT tools, platforms, and Google services in March-December 2020, the high interest in teaching approaches, methods and techniques, which can be used during the COVID-19 era, and ways to assess and evaluate students’ and teacher’s performance. Webinars, online conferences and online courses turned out to be the most popular forms of professional development of ESP teachers at Igor Sikorsky KPI during March-December 2020. Another discovered trend was the variety of providers of trainings for ESP teachers during the COVID-19 era. The list of them included 37 different organisations, institutes and centers, such as Dinternal education, Training Center Linguist (Cambridge University Press), Educational project “Na urok”, The Ukrainian Institute of Information Technologies in Education, Oxford University Press, Macmillan Education and others
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 23-29; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.241236

Abstract:
The creation of a virtual educational environment, consisting of an information space that ensures the availability of unlimited educational material through communication means, a virtual or real communication channel between a student and a teacher, increases the role of self-education, the dominance of learning over teaching. Paraphrasing [1], we can say that physics is owned not by the one who knows the formulas and definitions, but by the one who, with their help, can solve physical problems (PP). Similarly to the words of E. Fermi [2]: "A person knows physics if he/she can solve problems." The ability to solve PP contributes to the concretization of students' knowledge; without it, there is a separation of theoretical, lecture, educational material from the main task of any learning process – the practical application of accumulated knowledge and skills. Solving of PP contributes to the development of mental activity, the formation of creativity, intelligence, observation, independence and accuracy, is one of the forms of repetition, control and assessment of knowledge. At the same time, it is the solution of problems that is the most difficult element of physical education, causing methodological, didactic, psychological, and mathematical difficulties. It is known, that along with the traditional methods of solving PP: arithmetic, algebraic, geometric, graphic, experimental, since the beginning of the 2000s, information technology, computer technology, and programs - answer books have been actively used. The traditionally difficult issue of solving problems in physics requires both the improvement of classical methods and the development of new software tools for solving problems. The paper discusses the possibilities of using computers to solve various types of physical problems, the use of a site, created by the author, with considered examples of solving more than 2500 problems in physics, a developed program for automatic solution of problems in physics (APS - automatic physics solver) during practical exercises.
Petr Dzhurinsky
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 30-33; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.241256

Abstract:
It has been established, that the training of future physical culture specialists for health preservation of students in the context of the development of education in Ukraine is characterized by active innovative shifts, associated with the formation of the content of new higher education, in connection with which its purpose is expanding and changing. Health preservation and health-preserving technologies constitute one of the most promising educational systems. It has been determined, that today the development of a comprehensive program of a higher educational institution is urgent, which would allow solving problems of creating conditions, conducive to preservation and strengthening of health; introduction of a methodology, principles and methods of health-preserving education, software and hardware tools for monitoring, shaping, developing and maintaining the health of participants in the educational process; control over the observance of legislative and regulatory legal acts, regulating the activities of an educational institution on the issues of health preservation. It is believed, that health-preserving activity of physical culture specialists is a set of actions, operations and procedures that functionally and technologically ensure the achievement of a result in maintaining and strengthening health. We understand health-preserving activity as a professional property, which expresses the degree of assimilation of social experience in the field of ensuring education and health of students by means of physical culture by a future specialist, as well as the ability to use this experience in professional activity. The most significant structural components of the readiness of future physical culture specialists for health preservation of students have been revealed, namely: motivational and creative components. The levels of the readiness of the subjects for the motivational, cognitive, activity, creative and organizational and educational aspects have been determined
Nina Holovina, Mykola Holovin
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 18-25; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.237974

Abstract:
To bring the theoretical basis to the improvement of the methodic of carrying out laboratory works in physics and computer sciences, a study of psychological and cognitive processes that accompany the corresponding educational activity was held. The important moment of the work is the research of the mental side of educational activities in the terms of formal logic. The accompanying steps to these mental activities and the talk activity are considered. The content component of the talk activity was considered in the work as an important diagnostic factor that indicates the level of understanding of the nature of the new material or the completion of the corresponding cognitive structure. The original graphical ways of formalization of the cognitive scheme of the object activity and the logic of its formation in the context of mental and materialized education activities are presented. These ideas were used to consider the processes of educational activity on the example of the creation of a simple physical model that is realized through the Python talk with the help of Visual library. Educational activities are considered through the prism of the evolution of the structural organization of mental representation of the objects of this activity. The research demonstrates the cyclical nature of the corresponding cognitive processes, materialized activities, and hierarchical character of the structure of knowledge that is formed in the process of educational activities in physics and programming. The correlation of these processes with the dynamics of the evolution of knowledge is settled. The conceptual ideas that could be useful for modifications of the methodic of realization of laboratory knowledge in the direction of modeling of physical processes and phenomena are formulated. Individual algorithmic problems of modeling of physical processes are considered in the research as components of the holistic system of problems. According to the point of view of the authors, in the course of the preparation of highly professional specialists in the domain of natural sciences, it is necessary to devote a lot of time to the conscious, goal-oriented formation of protocols of abstract logical and causal thinking. The methodology of such work is well formulated, especially in the well-known methods of descending step-by-step detailing and in modular programming
Tetiana Shrol, Nataliia Poliukhovych
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 4-11; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.237825

Abstract:
The concept of "motivation" and modern theories of learning motivation are theoretically substantiated and described: expectancy-value theory, attribution theory, social-cognitive theory, goal orientation theory, self-determination theory. Teaching strategies and pedagogical conditions that motivate students to educational and cognitive activities in the online environment, taking into account the theory of self-determination, are determined. In particular, in order to succeed in mastering something new, a student must feel competent (acquire the appropriate skills to perform practical tasks), related (feel belonging and attachment to groups or individuals), autonomous (feel that he/she controls his/her behavior and is responsible for its goals, capable of self-learning). The pedagogical conditions for the formation of positive motivation and involvement of students in learning online are substantiated and determined, namely: giving a student the opportunity to be an accomplice in the learning process; structuring educational materials in accordance with learning objectives; promoting student initiative and creativity, ensuring group activities and a multidimensional assessment system. The key to fulfilling the pedagogical conditions is the teacher's motivation to implement online learning at the level of the course author, mentor and tutor for higher education students. External and internal factors of motivation of teachers for introduction of elements of distance (online) and mixed (alternation of online and offline) training by teachers in the educational process of establishments of higher education are defined. Experimentally confirmed: positive impact on the motivation of the implemented online learning strategies and pedagogical conditions; revealed a significant direct relationship between the student's ability to self-development and self-learning and his/her motivation for online learning
Nataliia Nechyporuk
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 36-41; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.238018

Abstract:
As knowledge of English becomes a priority for the development of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, a modern military specialist is faced with a number of requirements, one of which is the formation of professionally oriented intercultural competence. Thus, a cadet, who has a certain conceptual and terminological apparatus in his/her specialization, has the opportunity to test his/her own knowledge and skills, to provide self-analysis of the level of formation of both intercultural and subject competences, as well as to receive an impartial feedback from foreign experts on the readiness for professional activity. The article considers the main notions that reveal the conceptual field of intercultural competence. The concepts of "competence", "competency", "culture", "intercultural competence" are defined and their historical-comparative analysis is carried out. It is found, that the professional training of cadets is carried out as a complex pedagogical influence, which has the purpose of developing a number of competences, among which the priority is currently considered to be intercultural competence. The essence of the concept of "competence" and variations of its interpretation by scientists, as well as differentiation with the concept of "competency", are clarified. The role of the humanities in general and the foreign language in particular in the development of professional competences of military specialists is noted. The generic function of the competence approach, which combines many traditional approaches, is mentioned. Intercultural competence is presented as a system of interconnected elements that position the personality in interaction with society through communication, which, in turn, is a means of adapting to the cultural values ​​of society and acquiring educational competences to form a qualified graduate of a higher military educational institution. The hierarchy of competences is defined, which consists of three levels: general, special and professional, which are represented by integral, general and professional competences, respectively
Liliia Martynets
ScienceRise: Pedagogical Education pp 31-35; https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2021.238026

Abstract:
The most effective in the first problems of managing lighting systems in the first place is the program-centralized input. In the paper, the last steps of the school curriculum are discovered and the process of shaping the school curriculum is controlled. In general, the development of the whole program with clearly defined goals, objectives, predicted results, which is balanced with personnel and minds, obvious resources, is necessary. In the statistics, it is indicated, that the main program is intended for such goals: it is directed to the forecast of changes, updating the effectiveness of the foundation of the development and implementation of the strategy of development; it can make innovations straightforward, ensures the systematicity of the processes in the implementation of the innovation; works on the mission of the school, laying foundation for the image. The approximate structure of the program is determined: substantiation of the problem; theoretical and methodological foundations; the purpose and objectives of the program; stages of program implementation; measures for the implementation of the program; Expected results; analysis and evaluation of the results of the innovation program. It is established, that the development of the program has the following support: organizational support of the program – modernization of the working curriculum in accordance with the conceptual objectives of the institution; regulatory and legal support of the program – adjustment of the package of documents: development programs of the educational institution; target programs, regulations; scientific and methodological support of the program – theoretical substantiation of the subject of experimental research work; creation of a diagnostic complex for studying the personal sphere of pupils; organization of seminars, pedagogical consultations, scientific-practical conferences as effective means of directing self-educational activity of teachers on improvement of own experimental-research competence; development of special courses, focused on the formation of business qualities of pupils; material and technical support of the program – improvement of development of a methodical office; creation of a media cabinet; expansion of the school library fund, use of Internet opportunities, etc.
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