International Journal of Population Studies
ISSN / EISSN : 2424-8150 / 2424-8606
Published by: Whioce Publishing Pte Ltd (10.18063)
Total articles ≅ 100
Latest articles in this journal
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 85-92; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1353
In order to explore the driving mechanism of population aging and solve the dilemma of getting old before getting rich, this paper uses ESDA to analyze the evolution characteristics and driving factors of population aging temporal and spatial pattern in the Yellow River Basin from 2000 to 2020, so as to promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. The results show that: (1) the aging of the population in the Yellow River Basin is gradually deepening, showing a ladder rising pattern from west to east; (2) the population aging in the Yellow River Basin shows a positive spatial correlation, forming a spatial pattern dominated by high-high and low-lowaggregation. Among them, high-high aggregation is mainly distributed in Shandong and low-low aggregation is mainly distributed in Qinghai; (3) population factor is the direct reason for the evolution of the pattern of population aging in the Yellow River Basin, and socio-economic factors are the fundamental reason. Therefore, from these two dimensions, this paper puts forward some suggestions on actively coping with population aging in the Yellow River Basin, such as: adhering to the comprehensive two-child policy, promoting the implementation of the three-child policy, and appropriately increasing the fertility rate; relying on the urban agglomeration in the Yellow River basin to attract the return of labor force; establishing a cross regional pension coordination mechanism to realize joint pension; vigorously developing education for the elderly and fully developing human resources for the elderly.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 40-51; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1311
As in recent decades, Malta has experienced an increase in both the number of available university programs in ageing studies and graduate students, the aim of this article is to evaluate the country’s efforts in ensuring a trained workforce in gerontology, geriatrics, and dementia education. While Malta punches above its weight as far as gerontology education is concerned, one also notes a number of shortcomings. The country is still devoid of a clear space for professional gerontologists to put in practice all their knowledge, and unfortunately both public and private employers are still highly unaware of the skills that professional gerontologists can bring toward the improvement of the quality of life and well-being of older persons living either in the community or long-term care. Moreover, curricula remain hindered by two key limitations. Primarily, there is a disproportionate Western bias in the choice of theories and practices in all realms of ageing studies. Second, that no full-time faculty member at the Department of Gerontology and Dementia Studies is a geriatrician, and that such faculty members all service the University on a visiting basis. In this respect, this chapter recommends three key and urgent strategies for gerontology education in Malta. These include establishing gerontology as a discipline in its own right is long overdue, founding gerontology as a bona fide profession, and accrediting gerontology.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 17-26; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1308
There has been increasing attention to the role of hearing loss as a potentially modifiable risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. However, more nationally-representative studies are needed to understand the co-occurring changes in hearing loss and cognitive function in older adults over time, and how hearing aid use might influence this association. The purpose of this report is to examine how age-related changes in hearing loss and hearing aid use are associated with trajectories of cognitive function in a nationally-representative sample of U.S. older adults. We used 11 waves of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) from 1998 to 2018 to examine changes in self-reported hearing loss, hearing aid use, and cognitive function in adults 65 and older by race and ethnicity. Results from mixed models showed that greater levels of hearing loss were associated with lower levels of cognitive function at age 65 in non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic older adults. We also found that the associations diminished across age in White and Black individuals; but remained persistent in Hispanic individuals. The use of hearing aids was not associated with cognitive function in Black older adults but appeared protective for White and Hispanic older adults. Overall, the findings from this report suggest that the timely identification of hearing loss and subsequent acquisition of hearing aids may be important considerations for reducing declines in cognitive function that manifests differently in U.S. population subgroups.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 2-17; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.176
Focusing on Asian-American immigrants in the National Latino and Asian American Study, this work examines (1) whether immigration-related stressors are associated with 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation, and (2) how individual religious involvement moderates the associations. Findings from regression analyses reveal that limited English proficiency increases the risk of both 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation. No significant differences in 12-month depressive disorder and suicidal ideation are found by age at immigration. Most importantly, religious coping — frequently seeking comfort from religion — buffers the negative effects of limited English proficiency on suicidal ideation. Our findings suggest the importance of individual religious involvement in helping Asian-American immigrants cope with stress associated with immigration. Mental health professionals may need to integrate religious coping mechanisms into the clinical setting to offer more effective treatments that are sensitive to individuals’ religious and spiritual needs.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 41-47; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1350
The increase in the number of women entering the migration chain has made a qualitative change in this process. Many studies, including ours, have revealed how women play an active role in decision-making and advocacy and in achieving their goals. This makes immigrant women more independent and enables them to shape the fate of themselves and their children. They maintain family ties but face greater risks. Their dependence makes them belittled in front of themselves and society, and they may be abused and beaten without being regarded as a violation of their rights. Culturally, the distribution of social (productive/reproductive) roles depends on the attribution of men’s and women’s personalities, resulting in inequality.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1285
The main aim of the study is to validate the factor structure of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) of China’s older population using the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The validation process used the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to determine the number of dimensions of MMSE, the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to confirm the factorial structure of MMSE, and the factorial invariance to conclude the factor structure does not differ between the young-old (aged 65 – 79) and old-old (aged 80 or older). The results of the EFAs suggested two possible factor structures: A six-factor and a seven-factor solution. The seven-factor confirmatory factor model turned out as the best fit by comparison to the four competing confirmatory models. Strict factorial invariance was attained for the two age groups, indicating a high level of measurement equality, a property of invariance was seldom achieved in the literature of factorial invariance studies. In comparison to the MMSE literature that focused solely on EFA that aims to establish a single summated score, the present study suggests using EFA, CFA, and factorial invariance that takes into consideration of measurement errors as the preferred procedure since it establishes the appropriate MMSE dimensionality that is in line with their respective cognitive functions.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 8, pp 52-62; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v8i1.1301
This study aimed to examine the pattern of active life engagement and the association between cognitive functioning and active life engagement among older adults in rural China. Two waves of panel data with the previous day’s activities in a time-use survey were collected among older adults age 60 and older in rural China. Logistic and OLS regressions were used to examine the impacts of cognitive functioning on participation and intensity in six types of activities. The overall active life engagement level of older adults in rural China was relatively low. Cognitive functioning and its decline significantly associated with the active life engagement. Older adults with higher cognitive functioning were more likely to engage in household work, recreational activity, and socially connected activity, and the decline in cognitive functioning was also significantly associated with the lower likelihood of engaging in household work, recreational activity, physical activity, and lower intensity of socially connected activity. Participation in diverse life activities is an important component of successful aging. The findings of this study suggest the need for increasing awareness of the influence of cognition on daily activities. Future interventions need to consider cognitive health to maximize active life engagement in Chinese rural older adults.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 7, pp 65-69; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v7i2.1357
Based on the data of previous Chinese censuses, this paper briefly reviews the development process of the development of China’s ethnic minority population, discusses the differences in the population number and population growth trend of Chinese ethnic groups, and discusses the characteristics and change trend of China’s ethnic minority population in terms of regional distribution, age structure, mobility level, inter ethnic intermarriage and education level. Referring to the data of the seventh national census, this paper gives a preliminary judgment on the population situation of China’s ethnic minorities in 2020.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 7, pp 13-26; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v7i2.1362
Using the sampling survey data of 1% of the population in 2015, this paper analyzes the overall characteristics, group differentiation and spatial differences of the residence stability of the floating population, and discusses the influencing factors of the residence stability of the floating population. The results show that: a. the average residence time of China’s inter city floating population in the current city is about 5 years, the residence stability of the new generation of floating population is not significantly different from that of the old generation, and the residence stability of the floating population engaged in industrial industry is significantly lower than that of all kinds of service industry practitioners; b. the residence stability of the floating population in the province is lower than that of the inter provincial floating population, and it is more likely to leave the current city and turn to inter provincial mobility; c. there are obvious differences in the spatial pattern and influencing factors of the scale and residence stability of urban floating population. Although income level and employment opportunities are still the main factors to attract floating population, urban livable factors such as public services, housing market and environment are more important to improve the residence stability of floating population.
International Journal of Population Studies, Volume 7, pp 27-40; https://doi.org/10.18063/ijps.v7i2.1363
Based on the dynamic monitoring data of China’s floating population in 2018, according to the length of time that the floating population is willing to stay in the inflow area, the residence intention is divided into three types: short-term residence intention, long-term residence intention and permanent residence intention. The spatial differentiation and influencing factors of different types of residence intention of floating population in cities at and above the prefecture level in China are compared and analyzed by using spatial analysis technology and hierarchical model. It is found that the proportion of floating population with short-term and long-term residence intention is more than 60%, indicating that amphibious and multi-habitat livelihood is still the dominant livelihood strategy of floating population; there is an obvious spatial difference between short-term and permanent residence willingness. The short-term residence willingness is the highest in the eastern region and the lowest in the northeast region, while the permanent residence willingness shows a completely opposite distribution pattern; the floating population in the central and western regions has the highest willingness to stay for a long time. The results of the model show that the inflow characteristics and the individual characteristics of the floating population jointly affect different types of residence intention: in the eastern and central regions, economically developed areas and areas with high average wages, the floating population has higher short-term and long-term residence intention and lower permanent residence intention; the floating population who are male with agricultural registered permanent residence, low-level of education and family average monthly income, short floating time and inter provincial mobility tend to stay for a short time and a long time; the floating population who are female with non-agricultural registered permanent residence, high-level of education and family average monthly income, moving within the province and outside the province for a long time are more willing to settle permanently in the inflow place.