Latest articles in this journal
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 235-256; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.342
Abstract:Prambanan Temple contains local wisdom values that have not been well informed to domestic visitors. This article aims to introduce Arloka Map, an alternative communication media in a form of physical tour-map containing local wisdom values of the Prambanan Temple Area and to test the effectiveness rate of the Arloka-Map. Observation, literature studies, and instrument test methods were used to collect basic data. To determine the success rate of the proposed strategy, pre- and post-tests were conducted to 50 domestic tourist respondents. The outcomes were then analyzed by using the SPSS application. Results showed that score for visitors that were using the Arloka-Map was higher than visitors who did not use it (i.e. 8.72 vs 4.44). It was concluded that the use of the Arloka-Map assist tourists to know the values of local wisdoms at the temple’s area.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 8, pp 36-46; doi:10.30883/jba.v8i2.491
Abstract:Ketika kekacauan melanda Pakwan Pajajaran akibat adanya gempuran pasukan Banten yang sedang mengibarkan panji-panji Islam, Prabu Siliwangi sebagai penguasa Sunda kala itu segera mendatangi salah satu vasalnya yakni Sumedang Larang. Empat orang patihnya, di antaranya Sayang Hawu atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Embah Jayaperkosa, diperintahkan untuk menyerahkan sebuah pusaka kraton berupa mahkota emas kepada Prabu Geusan Ulun, penguasa Sumedang Larang. Kejadian yang dapat diartikan sebagai penyerahan tahta kerajaan Sunda itu diikuti dengan keberangkatan Prabu Siliwangi menuju puncak gunung Tampomas .
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 8, pp 47-57; doi:10.30883/jba.v8i2.492
Abstract:Situs Gunung Wingko merupakan situs hunian pantai. Situs seperti ini juga ditemukan di luar Jawa, seperti di Gilimanuk (Bali), Gunung Piring (Lombok) dan Melolo (Sumba) (Nitihaminoto , 1982) . Pendukung kebudayaan Gunung Wingko tinggal tidak jauh dari pantai, yaitu di sekitar bukit pasir yang terletak dekat dengan sungai.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 97-120; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.474
Abstract:Liyangan archaeological site in the village of Purbasari, Residency Temanggung, Central Java, is an Old Mataram settlement predictably existed from around 8th to 10th century CE. In this site, which was buried by thick layers of pyroclastic materials of Gunung Sindoro eruption, various artefacts as well as stone structures are found including pavement, altars, retaining walls, water-temple, and remains of wooden structures. One of the most interesting aspect of this site is the orientation of the stone structures. Although the whole settlement was arranged to follow the sloping contour of the Mount Sindoro, most of the stone structures were oriented to southeast, which was not common for stone shrines built at the same period. This paper attempts to explain the reason for such an exceptional orientation using landscape archaeological approach. Our research demonstrates that the ten Liyangan stone structures were oriented to either Mount Merapi, Baka Hill, or the Prambanan temple. The orientation of the stone structures is believed as a reflection of the spatial map and the cosmology of the community lived in Liyangan centuries ago. It is suggested here that such an orientation represents the so-called “spiritual landscape”of the people.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 159-182; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.331
Abstract:The cities of the former Kedu Residency are part of cities in Java that have experienced growth and change over time. Although not a big cities in its time, the cities of the former Kedu Residency show an important role in the interior of Central Java. Its distinctive history in the 19th and 20th centuries formed a city center with an interesting city structure to study. This study aims to study the urban centers of the former Kedu Residency, namely the City of Magelang, Purworejo, Temanggung, Wonosobo, and Kebumen through urban morphology approach by observing the forms (morpho) of the city, such as urban tissue or city shaped, road tissue, land arrangements and buildings. The morphology analysis of the city in the urban centers of the former Kedu Residency shows the interesting facts, namely the development of the city, specifically the city center, from time to time while maintaining the basic characteristics of the traditional city morphology.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 183-200; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.269
Abstract:One of the remains of the colonial period in Indonesia is the Dutch cemetery. The Dutch cemetery have splendid tombs, western-style decorations and gravestone written in Dutch. Dutch cemeteries can be find in cities such as Surabaya. During colonial period, Surabaya had four Dutch cemeteries in Jembatan Merah, Krembangan, Peneleh and Kembang Kuning. The aim of this study is to determine factors behind the displacement of the Dutch cemetery in Surabaya. The data in this study are including not only historical data (maps of Surabaya in 1787, 1825, 1866, and 1934), but also archives. The remaining observable cemeteries are in Peneleh and Kembang Kuning, because the Dutch cemeteries at Jembatan Merah and Krembangan have been demolished. Data from the observation are then sorted and analyzed to determine the displacement pattern and the factors behind them. The results show that there have been three Dutch cemetery displacements in Surabaya, triggered by three factors: health, unstable ground condition, and land conversion into settlement.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 221-234; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.464
Abstract:The struggling in the ethical issues of submerged underwater sites and underwater cultural heritage have been undertaking in Indonesia for the last two decades. During these 20 years, commercial companies in collaboration with the National Shipwreck Committee recovered and salvaged substantial numbers of material cargoes. Unfortunately, the majority of these operations occurred without the involvement of archaeologists and lack of proper and controlled archaeological methods and excavation techniques. Since 2010, the Indonesian Government has declared a moratorium that temporarily stopped all commercial survey and salvage activities, and prohibits the sale of the artefacts. Nowadays, more than 190,000 artefacts raised by salvagers are currently stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouses near Jakarta, in Cileungsi, West Java, Indonesia. This study attempts to illustrate the disadvantages of the commercial salvage practices and the auction of salvaged artefacts. This research also discusses some recommendations to contribute to a more ethical system of protection and the long-term management of the Indonesian maritime cultural resources, including its existing collections from salvaged shipwreck sites that are stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouse today.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 201-220; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.468
Abstract:The discovery of reinforced concrete became a major breakthrough in modern construction technology in the early 20th century. In five decades reinforced concrete has developed rapidly and was used in almost all parts of the world. Reinforced concrete was first introduced in Indonesia during the colonial period. The used of reinforced concrete increased along with the construction growth in the Dutch East Indies. The used of reinforced concrete between 1901 and 1942 can be seen from the buildings and infrastructure that still exist today. However the development of reinforced concrete in Indonesia during colonial period not widely explored yet. Because of that this study aims to provide an overview of the development of reinforced concrete used during the colonial period using archaeological data and supported by historical data. This research uses secondary data sources obtained through literature study. Based on this research it can be concluded that the development of the reinforced concrete used in the colonial period showed the progress of construction technology as well as economic and social conditions at that time.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 121-138; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.470
Abstract:This paper focus on chewing betel quid habit that dominantly happen in the Asia to Pacific region. Betel quid leaves traces of reddish-brown colour on the teeth. It was identified that dental stain was very common on teeth of prehistoric skeletal remains, for example in Thailand and Vietnam. Several studies have shown that chewing betel nut can cause diseases in the teeth and oral cavity. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between betel nut chewing and the emergence of tooth pathology in teeth from the prehistoric population from Lewoleba and Liang Bua. Ten individuals were observed using the macroscopic method. The results showed that consumption of betel nut (based on dental stains) was followed by attrition, periodontitis and even antemortem tooth loss.
Berkala Arkeologi, Volume 39, pp 139-158; doi:10.30883/jba.v39i2.467
Abstract:Lampungnese are divided into two indigenous groups, namely Lampung Saibatin and Lampung Pepadun. These two groups are still divided based on their inhabited territories. The objectives of this study are to identify the characteristics and elements that form the traditional settlement landscape pattern of Lampungnese Pepadun community, and to analyze their traditional settlement landscape pattern. This research was conducted in Tiyuh (Kampung) Gedung Batin, Blambangan Umpu District, Way Kanan, Lampung. Data were collected from three important main sources, which are customary texts, traditional leaders interviews, and existing settlement artefacts. The collected data was analyzed using historical approach. The results shows that the constituent elements of the traditional Lampung Pepadun settlement consist of traditional buildings (houses, communal buildings (sesat), as well as places of worship), arable land, rivers, residential roads and burial land. Tiyuh Gedung Batin is arranged in a pattern that extends along the river flow with houses facing each other.