IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2089-4856 / 2089-4856
Current Publisher: Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (10.11591)
Total articles ≅ 136
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Latest articles in this journal

U. I. Bature, N. M. Tahir, A. K. Abubakar, A. Makama
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp32-40

Objects can easily be remotely sensed, monitored and controlled when home is automated using the Internet of Things (IoT); this will give room for direct integration of the real world into computerized systems. Energy consumption is defined as the degree of the amount of power expended by a given load in an electric circuit. Nowadays, inefficient techniques used in monitoring and control of power consuming devices has contributed immensely in the high rate of power consumption in our homes, institutions, business places, and marketplaces. The design and implementation of an IoT-based home automation, energy management and smart security system has been proposed in this paper. The components used in the development of the system unit include an ESP8266 Wi-Fi component and the universal Arduino imbedded controller. The proposed scheme is aimed at assisting and supporting an efficient usage of power, and by doing so, power consumption as well as the risk of fire outbreaks will be greatly reduced to the barest minimal. The capability of remotely monitoring and controlling both electrical and electronic appliances via a web application is the main feature of the proposed scheme. The scheme provides better efficiency and accuracy as well as economic benefits.
Adnan Rafi Al Tahtawi, Erick Andika, Wildan Nurfauzan Harjanto
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp1-9

This paper presents a pair of portable wireless nodes for a smart agricultural system to control and monitor the agricultural parameters based on Internet of Things (IoT). This system utilizes low-cost wireless communication through an nRF24L01 module between the sensor node and the controller node. The sensor node is placed on the agricultural area with a Li-Ion battery as a power supply, while the controller node is placed at the control and monitoring station. On the sensor node, there is a YL-69 soil moisture sensor and DS18B20 temperature sensor, while in the controller node there is a relay that can set watering on/off condition. In the controller node, there is also an ESP8266 WiFi module that serves to send data to the internet cloud for user monitoring. Both hardware nodes are built in small and portable size. The experimental result shows that the sensor node can transmit soil moisture and temperature data via RF wireless communication to the controller node. Watering is done automatically based on the condition of sensor values. In addition, this system can also be monitored through a website interface, so the users can easily find out the condition of their plant as long as there is internet access.
Sateesh K. Vavilala, Vinopraba Thirumavalavan
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp10-23

This paper proposes a fractional order controller (FOC) for the level control problem of the coupled tank system, using the desired time domain specifications. The coupled tank system is used in the chemical industries for the storage and mixing of liquids. The FOC is designed analytically using the direct synthesis method. In the direct synthesis method, the Bode's ideal loop transfer function is chosen as the desired transfer function. Bode's loop transfer function has the advantages like robustness to system gain variations, constant phase and very high gain margin. Performance of the proposed controller is compared with the state of the art literature. Simulation results showed that the proposed controller has the least peak overshoot. The robust performance of the proposed controller is also the best. Robust stability of the system with the proposed controller is verified, and the system is found to be robustly stable.
Rahman Atiqur
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp41-50

The ideas of shrewd urban communities have consistently been a fantasy. There have been headways produced using the recent years to make a shrewd city dream to reality with the advancement of innovation, smart gadgets are getting increasingly normal in regular daily existence. In this paper a radio frequency identification (RFID) based smart parking system using Internet of Things (IoT) innovation is actualized. The ultrasonic sensors are set before the parking spots and speaker is utilized for sign. On the off chance that the parking space is vacant, at that point light emitting diode (LED) will squint and the parking opening is full LED will be OFF. At the point when vehicle is left the RFID will peruse the data and cut the particular sum and by utilizing IoT location will be sent through short message service (SMS) to proprietor using global system for mobile communications (GSM) and global positioning system (GPS) advancements.
Chiebuka T. Nnodim, Micheal O. Arowolo, Blessing D. Agboola, Roseline O. Ogundokun, Moses K. Abiodun
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp24-31

Presently, the move towards a more complex and multidisciplinary system development is increasingly important in order to understand and strengthen engineering approaches for the systems in the engineering field. This will lead to the effective and successful management of these systems. The scientific developments in computer engineering, simulation and modeling, electromechanical motion tools, power electronics, computers and informatics, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), microprocessors, and distributed system platforms (DSPs) have brought new challenges to industry and academia. Important aspects of designing advanced mechatronic products include modeling, simulation, analysis, virtual prototyping, and visualization. Competition on a global market includes the adaptation of new technology to produce better, cheaper, and smarter, scalable, multifunctional goods. Since the application area for developing such systems is very broad, including, for example, automotive, aeronautics, robotics or consumer products, and much more, there is also the need for flexible and adaptable methods to develop such systems. These dynamic interdisciplinary systems are called mechatronic systems, which refer to a system that possess synergistic integration of Software, electronic, and mechanical systems. To approach the complexity inherent in the aspects of the discipline, different methods and techniques of development and integration are coming from the disciplines involved. This paper will provide a brief review of the history, current developments and the future trends of mechatronics in general view.
, Saurabh Chaudhury
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp51-58

A multiplier circuit is one of the most important functional blocks of many nano-electronic, control and automation applications. In this work, an energy-efficient multiplier is reported based on a 3:2 compressor. The multiplier has been designed in three different parts. In the first part, a partial product (PP) generator is used. In the second part, the partial products are reduced which is termed as PPP (partial product processing). Whereas in the third step final addition is performed. PPs are produced by using AND gates. The PPP is designed in two-phase. In the first phase, the Wallace tree logarithm has been used to reduce the PPs. Whereas, in the second phase the PPs are reduced by using energy-efficient half adder and 3:2 compressor. At last, in the third step, by using a carry-save adder final addition has been computed. The performance analysis of the designed multiplier is evaluated and compared with other multiplier circuits. The multiplier shows performance improvements by 20.55%-46% for the power supply variation from 1.2 V to 0.6 V. All the simulations and analyses have been carried out by using the Synopsys EDA tool.
Guozhong Dai, Jiajing Xu, Shujin Li, Xiongwei Li, Guicai Shi, Weicheng Shi
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp59-67

Finite element method is an efficient numerical calculation method based on information technology, which can be used to solve complex equations in various problems. At present, the finite element method is mainly used to deal with seepage problems in dams, while there is less study on seepage in landfill. In this paper, finite element method is used to analyze the seepage of cut-off wall of a landfill in Jiangsu Province, and the movement of landfill leachate in cut-off wall under different conditions is simulated. The simulation results show that The cut-off wall can effectively slow down the seepage velocity of leachate; Under different conditions, the maximum gradient of the cut-off wall are 18.68 and 13.84 respectively, which conforms to Chinese national standard. Therefore, the design of cut-off wall is safe and reasonable, and filtration erosion will not occur; This simulation method combined with information technology can provide new solutions and ideas for other projects to verify safety and rationality.
Amgad Muneer, Zhan Dairabayev
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 10; doi:10.11591/ijra.v10i1.pp68-74

Wall painting is a repetitive, stressful, and hazardous process that makes it an ideal automation case. In the automotive industry, painting had been automated but not yet for the construction industry. However, there is a strong need for a mobile robot that can move to paint residential interior walls. In this study, we aim to design and implement an automatic painting mobile robot. The conceptual design of the proposed wall painting robot consisting paint mechanism with a spray gun and ultrasonic sensor. The spray gun is attached to a pulley mechanism that has linear motion. The ultrasonic sensor is used to detect the spray gun when it reached a certain limit. The DC motor rotates clockwise and counterclockwise based on the ultrasonic sensor condition made. The experimental results indicate that the robot was able to paint the walls smoothly vertically, and horizontally. The spraying gun structure's speed is at a tolerable speed of 0.07 m/s, which could be increased, but to provide high-quality painting without any gaps, the current speed was selected as the most suitable, without any harm to the working process.
Hitesh Mohapatra
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 9, pp 251-255; doi:10.11591/ijra.v9i4.pp251-255

In this paper, an offline drone instrumentalized ambulance (ODIA) mechanism has been discussed. The rapid increase in the urban population directly influences every sector of society. The sectors are maybe food, health care, education, transportation, etc. Normally, it has been observed that when any accidents happen on the urban road or any remote places then, the availability of immediate medical help is very rare. It is not because of the unaware or unavailability of medical facilities rather it happens because of overcrowding on the urban road and geographical odd-isolation of places. Hence, here an ODIA concept has been discussed which uses offline maps and offline first-aid medical videos through which immediate medical help can be made available at the patient end. This model helps to save the life of an accident victim by providing immediate medical attention. The key strength of ODIA is, it is independent of internet service that is why it is more suitable for harsh and hostile environments.
Freddy Artadima Silaban, Setiyo Budiyanto, Lukman Medriavin Silalahi
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA), Volume 9, pp 292-299; doi:10.11591/ijra.v9i4.pp292-299

The development of technology and industry development in the 4.0 era is very fast along with these developments in the control of production results such as medicine, food, and safety must be faster and more accurate. To face free trade and global economic competition, every company is required to produce products that have good quality by the standards. By using an experimental method which is the development of this study aims to make a conductive material detector (metal detector) for the pharmaceutical industry, the food industry, and security as compared to using conductive material sensors that are integrated with the Arduino microcontroller. Application testing is carried out to find out whether the Blynk application on an android smartphone with Blynk on a Debian server that has been made previously runs well or not and the alarm system testing uses a buzzer and LED to detect conductive material passing through. Conductive sensor test results showed that the instrument can detect 6 conductivity materials such as stainless steel, aluminum, steel, zinc, copper, and tin. The average response time to detect conductive material is 3 seconds, the average ADC value of the conductive material is 0.55. The test results also successfully send information and data to the Blynk application so that it can be monitored online.
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