Technology and Investment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2150-4059 / 2150-4067
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 247
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Latest articles in this journal

Abdoulaye Sanogo
Technology and Investment, Volume 12, pp 1-15; doi:10.4236/ti.2021.121001

Abstract:
After a short reminder of the types of planning tools that exist in the Circle of Koutiala, this article presents the situation on the consistency of planning tools. Then, it makes the link between respect for planning tools and the disparity in access of populations to basic social services (health, education, water, electricity, etc.). Non-compliance with the guidelines of planning tools is measured through the population’s access to basic social services (health, education, water, electricity, etc.) in 10 municipalities in the Circle. After analysis, it turned out that, in the Circle of Koutiala as elsewhere in Mali, planning specifically faced several weaknesses. As such, we can note that the growing gap between the plans and the real economic decision-making process of communities, and even of the State, making planning tools mere documents left in drawers. As a result, the objectives set were rarely achieved at the level of economic and even social expectations. This article also presents the inter and intra communal disparity that exists in the Circle of Koutiala where one thing is to salute the efforts made by the State and the Communities to improve the living environment of the populations of the city of Koutiala and another one is to deplore the timid construction of infrastructure/equipment in the other towns of the Circle.
Mohammed Saif Alsaidi, Peter V. Dudin, Ilyes Jedidi
Technology and Investment, Volume 12, pp 16-42; doi:10.4236/ti.2021.121002

Abstract:
The production of human-produced wastes is increasing with the growth of the world’s inhabitants. As a result, the sustainable management of huge amounts of waste is becoming an increasingly challenging task. One of these challenges is the solid waste produced by the increasing number of water treatment plants (WTPs). This paper is reviewing and proposing a recycling system which may have a technical and economical feasibility for Oman and GCC. The Proposed Recycling system for dry waste from Water Treatment Plant (WTP) in this paper is expected to be able to operate in Omani operation conditions and GCC. It has been patented as a utility model. The assumed feed for the purpose of presenting economically viable case is assumed to be around 100 tons/day. This assumption could go higher depends on the demand.
Yuan Yao
Technology and Investment, Volume 12, pp 43-50; doi:10.4236/ti.2021.121003

Abstract:
Tea growing in Fujian province dates as far back as the Shang and Zhou dynasties. Since then, Fujian tea (known as Mincha locally, in which Min is the abbreviation of Fujian Province) has flourished and is renowned in China and abroad. Closer connections to the international market have raised standards and led to the integration of different tea growing techniques to produce quality tea. This article aims to describe how tea production techniques have become increasingly sophisticated by focusing on Mincha’s breeding, fertilization, irrigation, weeding, pruning, intercropping, and scale production. The study also pays special attention to the inherent spirit of Chinese tea culture to explain the tranquil and peaceful attitude embodied in the inheritance and development of tea production techniques. Such a perspective demonstrates the profoundness of Chinese tea culture and sets a strategic direction for its future innovation.
Dexter Adamson Njuka, Jackson Phiri
Technology and Investment, Volume 12, pp 66-81; doi:10.4236/ti.2021.122005

Abstract:
Social media has changed the dynamics of communication and it has become the present truth mantra for information exchange. Social media has in quick succession grown exponentially to reach out to millions of masses than traditional communication media. The question no longer borders on the need for the organization to use social media but on the dynamics of how to establish an online reputation. Management of corporate reputation for organizations on social media cannot fully be effective without establishing influencing factors. Hence, the two objectives of this study were to establish factors influencing social media in managing Corporate Reputation for Christian organizations and at the same time to establish if there is any relationship among these factors. A descriptive and survey design was adopted for the study. The population for this study consisted of church members and leaders of the Seventh-day Adventist Church from the three provinces namely Lusaka, Central ad Copperbelt with a total membership of 608,357. The questionnaire was used in drawing information from respondents, which contained five sections. Two research questions and nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 24.0), for frequency distribution. Further analysis was carried out using linear regression and correlation analysis. From the findings made in the study, there is a significant role played by social media in managing corporate reputation for Christian organizations. It was recommended that management should be more conscious of the factors that influence social media in reputation management, as well as improve on their inadequacies and address their threats promptly and Managers should strive to focus a peculiar online presence in line with their given organizational reputation.
Norbert Mooya, Jackson Phiri
Technology and Investment, Volume 12, pp 51-65; doi:10.4236/ti.2021.122004

Abstract:
The study was looking at establishing factors that are hindering the adoption of electronic marketing among cable manufacturers in Zambia based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The study first looked at the major challenges faced by cable manufacturing companies in developing countries in the adoption of e-commerce in marketing their products. The study then proposed a model through a web-based e-commerce web portal that could be adopted in order to address the challenges identified in the study. The study was based on three cable manufacturing companies. The three companies had a total population of 115 respondents which was used in our study. These were from the various departments (Marketing, IT and Management) within their respective organizations. Both qualitative and quantitative data was collected from respondents using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was generated based on the TAM conceptual model. The response rate was 47% giving 51 questionnaire responses from the three companies. The Chi-Square test of independence was used to analyze the data using SPSS software. The results showed that age has an influence on the perceived usefulness of technology. The test had an observed P-Value of 0.024 against the significance level of 0.05.The results further showed that frequent use of the internet has an influence on perceived ease of use of technology. An observed P-Value of 0.014 was recorded against the significant level of 0.05. The Chi Square test again recorded an observed P-Value of 0.03 against the significance level of 0.05, revealing that Internet knowledge has an influence on perceived security of E-marketing. It was therefore, concluded that level of education has no influence on perceived security of E-Marketing. Based on these results, an e-commerce prototype was developed as a web portal to help address the challenges of technology adoption in cable marketing by the three companies in the study.
Yifei Gong, Peiyue Li
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 46-57; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113004

Abstract:
The establishment of Chongqing Free Trade Zone will bring a new opportunity to the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub, and it also faces many challenges. In order to speed up the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub, it is necessary to learn from the successful experience of Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands. Based on the analysis of the problems existing in the construction of the hub under the framework of Chongqing Free Trade Zone, this paper draws lessons from the successful experience of Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands and put forward countermeasures and suggestions for the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub.
David Munoz Constantine, Richard Tymerski, Garrison Greenwood
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 23-45; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113003

Abstract:
The Broken Wing Butterfly (BWB) has become a popular options strategy for traders. Profit is generated primarily by exploiting option value time decay. In this paper the selection of the option strikes to be used along with trade entry and exit parameters, such as time to expiration and profit and loss targets, are optimized using over a decade of historical option data of the S & P 500 exchange traded fund (symbol: SPY). The importance of selecting an optimal strike mapping method, by which strikes are assigned in any time period, is highlighted. Of the three methods considered, the normalized strike mapping method was found to be optimal. Optimization was performed using a differential evolution (DE) evolutionary algorithm. The objective function used for optimization considered final cumulative profit, volatility, and maximum equity drawdown while achieving a high trade win rate. A trade example is given to illustrate the use of the obtained results.
Maria Jose Amaral Salomi, Priscila Borin Claro
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 58-97; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113005

Abstract:
Adopting data and information integration and exchange between two or more organizations, regions, communities, health insurance companies, and hospital systems has gradually become a requirement to improve health care quality, sustainability in management of work processes, and efficiency and effectiveness in financial and administrative management through cost monitoring and improved clinical protocols. The central aim of this study was to demonstrate how the use of Health Information Exchange (HIE) models helps increase quality, sustainability, efficiency, and effectiveness through data and information integration and exchange. Data collection were performed through an assessment of the literature in the timeframe between 2002 and 2016 referring to academic or non-academic organizations. The analysis of the literature considered Brazilian, American, and European articles. The results from the research on electronic databases were not satisfactory for the Brazilian scenario, where this theme is still very recent. Results from statistical, quantitative, and qualitative analyses showing data, indices, and the use of ICTs through dedicated software showed that health data and information exchange is capable of improving: 1) the quality of care given to patients and employees of the institution; 2) sustainability in management of work processes and activities pertaining to the relationship between providers, users, and service offer; 3) effectiveness and efficiency in operational cost monitoring and service protocols, giving the health institutions a prominent position in their fields in the eyes of external investors. Regarding the appropriate, legally- and policy-compliant use of data and information exchange and integration, organizations must obey legal requirements in conformity with each country’s current legislation. Suggestions for future studies are given at the end.
Mariana  , Syukriy Abdullah, Muhammad Mahmud
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 13-21; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.112002

Abstract:
This research aims to find out the impact of the Corporate Governance Perception Index and profitability to firm value. The population is a company on the Indonesian Stock exchange and which follows the CGPI assessment in 2011-2015 and is found in 28 samples, the analysis of data using multiple linear regression. The results indicated that the Corporate Governance Perception Index and profitability simultaneously affected the firm value according to the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Besides, the Corporate Governance Perception Index, and profitability also partially and significantly affected firm value according to the Indonesia Stock Exchange.
Glaucia Marcossi Cardoso Duarte, Fabiana Grasiele Penido Andrade Silva, Fernando Soares Lameiras, Ana Maria Matildes Dos Santos
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 99-109; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.114006

Abstract:
The extraction of iron ore generates large amounts of tailings. In addition to other solutions to avoid storing this material in dams, it is important to use these tailings as raw materials for the manufacturing of consumer goods. One possible solution is to use geopolymer cement in mortars for civil construction with employment of the tailings as substitute for usual sands. Geopolymers are produced from alkaline activation of aluminosilicates. They can incorporate a larger amount of tailings than the Portland cement. The tailings from the rupture of the Fundão dam, which were retained in the water reservoir of the Candonga hydropower plant were characterized as a fine aggregate for civil construction and used to obtain geopolymer mortar. Metakaolin was mixed with an alkaline solution of sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide to form a paste. The tailings were added and uniformly mixed to this paste. Two series of experiments were conducted with addition of 40 and 60 wt% of tailings to the geopolymer paste. The fresh mortars were placed in cylindrical molds. The samples were left to harden at room temperature or at 60°C for 24 hours and demolded. After hardening, the samples were cured at room temperature for 7 and 28 days. The samples were characterized by their compressive strength, water absorption, and density. The results were analyzed according to a 23 factorial design with the factors: composition (amount of tailings added to the mortar), hardening conditions, and curing time. For all responses (compressive strength, water absorption, and density), the results show a complex behavior with influence of the factors and their interactions. Compressive strengths from 19 to 43 MPa, water absorptions from 19 to 41 wt%, and densities from 1.60 to 2.11 g/cm3 were observed. These properties can be controlled by adjusting the levels of the factors according to empirical models. This mortar can be considered for applications in civil construction.
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