Technology and Investment

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2150-4059 / 2150-4067
Current Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 243
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Latest articles in this journal

Yifei Gong, Peiyue Li
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 46-57; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113004

The establishment of Chongqing Free Trade Zone will bring a new opportunity to the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub, and it also faces many challenges. In order to speed up the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub, it is necessary to learn from the successful experience of Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands. Based on the analysis of the problems existing in the construction of the hub under the framework of Chongqing Free Trade Zone, this paper draws lessons from the successful experience of Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands and put forward countermeasures and suggestions for the construction of Chongqing inland international logistics hub.
David Munoz Constantine, Richard Tymerski, Garrison Greenwood
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 23-45; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113003

The Broken Wing Butterfly (BWB) has become a popular options strategy for traders. Profit is generated primarily by exploiting option value time decay. In this paper the selection of the option strikes to be used along with trade entry and exit parameters, such as time to expiration and profit and loss targets, are optimized using over a decade of historical option data of the S & P 500 exchange traded fund (symbol: SPY). The importance of selecting an optimal strike mapping method, by which strikes are assigned in any time period, is highlighted. Of the three methods considered, the normalized strike mapping method was found to be optimal. Optimization was performed using a differential evolution (DE) evolutionary algorithm. The objective function used for optimization considered final cumulative profit, volatility, and maximum equity drawdown while achieving a high trade win rate. A trade example is given to illustrate the use of the obtained results.
Maria Jose Amaral Salomi, Priscila Borin Claro
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 58-97; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.113005

Adopting data and information integration and exchange between two or more organizations, regions, communities, health insurance companies, and hospital systems has gradually become a requirement to improve health care quality, sustainability in management of work processes, and efficiency and effectiveness in financial and administrative management through cost monitoring and improved clinical protocols. The central aim of this study was to demonstrate how the use of Health Information Exchange (HIE) models helps increase quality, sustainability, efficiency, and effectiveness through data and information integration and exchange. Data collection were performed through an assessment of the literature in the timeframe between 2002 and 2016 referring to academic or non-academic organizations. The analysis of the literature considered Brazilian, American, and European articles. The results from the research on electronic databases were not satisfactory for the Brazilian scenario, where this theme is still very recent. Results from statistical, quantitative, and qualitative analyses showing data, indices, and the use of ICTs through dedicated software showed that health data and information exchange is capable of improving: 1) the quality of care given to patients and employees of the institution; 2) sustainability in management of work processes and activities pertaining to the relationship between providers, users, and service offer; 3) effectiveness and efficiency in operational cost monitoring and service protocols, giving the health institutions a prominent position in their fields in the eyes of external investors. Regarding the appropriate, legally- and policy-compliant use of data and information exchange and integration, organizations must obey legal requirements in conformity with each country’s current legislation. Suggestions for future studies are given at the end.
Mariana  , Syukriy Abdullah, Muhammad Mahmud
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 13-21; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.112002

This research aims to find out the impact of the Corporate Governance Perception Index and profitability to firm value. The population is a company on the Indonesian Stock exchange and which follows the CGPI assessment in 2011-2015 and is found in 28 samples, the analysis of data using multiple linear regression. The results indicated that the Corporate Governance Perception Index and profitability simultaneously affected the firm value according to the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Besides, the Corporate Governance Perception Index, and profitability also partially and significantly affected firm value according to the Indonesia Stock Exchange.
Glaucia Marcossi Cardoso Duarte, Fabiana Grasiele Penido Andrade Silva, Fernando Soares Lameiras, Ana Maria Matildes Dos Santos
Technology and Investment, Volume 11, pp 99-109; doi:10.4236/ti.2020.114006

The extraction of iron ore generates large amounts of tailings. In addition to other solutions to avoid storing this material in dams, it is important to use these tailings as raw materials for the manufacturing of consumer goods. One possible solution is to use geopolymer cement in mortars for civil construction with employment of the tailings as substitute for usual sands. Geopolymers are produced from alkaline activation of aluminosilicates. They can incorporate a larger amount of tailings than the Portland cement. The tailings from the rupture of the Fundão dam, which were retained in the water reservoir of the Candonga hydropower plant were characterized as a fine aggregate for civil construction and used to obtain geopolymer mortar. Metakaolin was mixed with an alkaline solution of sodium silicate and sodium hydroxide to form a paste. The tailings were added and uniformly mixed to this paste. Two series of experiments were conducted with addition of 40 and 60 wt% of tailings to the geopolymer paste. The fresh mortars were placed in cylindrical molds. The samples were left to harden at room temperature or at 60°C for 24 hours and demolded. After hardening, the samples were cured at room temperature for 7 and 28 days. The samples were characterized by their compressive strength, water absorption, and density. The results were analyzed according to a 23 factorial design with the factors: composition (amount of tailings added to the mortar), hardening conditions, and curing time. For all responses (compressive strength, water absorption, and density), the results show a complex behavior with influence of the factors and their interactions. Compressive strengths from 19 to 43 MPa, water absorptions from 19 to 41 wt%, and densities from 1.60 to 2.11 g/cm3 were observed. These properties can be controlled by adjusting the levels of the factors according to empirical models. This mortar can be considered for applications in civil construction.
Yu Zhang
Technology and Investment, Volume 10, pp 31-45; doi:10.4236/ti.2019.102002

The taxation system, as a key external factor directly related to the survival and development of the banking industry, has become the focus of theoretical research on the classification of finance and monetary. This paper takes the tax burden of the banking industry as the research object. The theoretical part combines the research status at home and abroad. Through a series of cross-country and cross-time comparative analysis, also supplemented by the mathematical model of empirical analysis, the fact that current banking industry is over-taxed comparatively has been scientifically and powerfully demonstrated. The fact is that the tax burden is relatively heavy. The empirical part focuses on the research and tests the factors that cause the tax burden and the related tax system to be biased, and from the above-mentioned influencing factors, to achieve targeted policy for the reform of China’s banking tax system. At the end of this paper, policy suggestions are provided for the above conclusions.
Zhenchuan Jiang, Xun Gong
Technology and Investment, Volume 10, pp 47-58; doi:10.4236/ti.2019.103003

With the development of international trade and the formation global value chain, global economy increases rapidly and many countries can gain benefits from it. However, the gap between the rich and the poor is becoming increasingly sharp. Developed countries dominate the global trade and achieve the majority of value chain. As a big developing country, China has developed to the second biggest economy, and the biggest export volume country, but still stays at the weak stage of the global value chain. Because in China, low-value-end manufacturing is the dominating economic sector. In order to achieve more value in global trade, China desires to update the business model from traditional industries to emerging industries by developing high-tech industries. It is widely believed that an increasing amount of Chinese companies concentrate on R&D and innovation to gain advantage in the new wave of global economy. Huawei, a remarkable Chinese high-tech company which develops from a sale agent firm to one of the most innovative companies in the whole world, will be presented in this paper to show the importance of high-tech and updating industrial structure for a company and countries.
Syoum Negassi, Jean-François Sattin
Technology and Investment, Volume 10, pp 1-29; doi:10.4236/ti.2019.101001

Economic theory and empirical evidence indicate that technological innovation is an important determinant of long-term economic development. Various country policies have been launched in favour of private research and development (R&D) with economic development as the main objective. As often in economics, public intervention is grounded on the presumed existence of market failures. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, it provides an overview of the history of R&D-related tax policies in more than ten industrial countries. Second, after reviewing the existent empirical evidence on the effectiveness of R&D tax credits policies, it presents a meta-regression analysis based on an econometric model. Our results show that an R&D tax credit is strongly significant in the studies taken cumulatively.
Mondjo Mouckagni Raymond Stanis, Jie Gao
Technology and Investment, Volume 10, pp 59-79; doi:10.4236/ti.2019.104004

This paper aims to apply Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method for measuring and getting the ranking position between Cameroon and Gabon port over 4 other ports in the west and central Africa to compare the efficiency of those two ports and having their current ranking position for eight years (2010-2017) between them over the other ports. After that, use System Dynamic (SD) to forecast the future container cargo throughput by invest in port and improve the level of services of Gabon port, for it is able to become a gateway port of central Africa.
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