Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs

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ISSN / EISSN : 2221-8890 / 2224-4905
Total articles ≅ 331
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Thomas Olechowski
Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs, Volume 1, pp 5-6; https://doi.org/10.1553/brgoe2021-1s5

Carmen Kleinszig
Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs, Volume 1, pp 30-44; https://doi.org/10.1553/brgoe2020-1s30

Abstract:
While the details of the rise of the national socialists of Hitlerʹs NSDAP in Germany are widely known, the ideological roots of this movement and its origin in the Austro‐Hungarian empire are often left undiscussed. This paper focuses on the ideological development of what later would become the national socialist party of Austria and the relation of this party to Hitler’s NSDAP and the Czechoslovakian national socialists.
Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs, Volume 1, pp 5-18; https://doi.org/10.1553/brgoe2020-1s5

Abstract:
At the meeting of the Hungarian Lawyersʹ Association on 9 January 1889, the renowned Hungarian scholar of criminal law and judge, Károly Csemegi, emphasized the close relationship between judicial, especially disciplinary, responsibility and judicial independence. He argued that the Judicial Disciplinary Act could not be anything other than an extended version, ʺa corollary of judicial independenceʺ. In April 1699, Henri François dʹAguesseau (1668‐1751), attorney general of the Parliament of Paris, stipulated that the first duty of the judge must be to administer justice and the second to preserve his dignity, respect himself and venerate ʺthe holiness of his officeʺ. The preservation of the dignity, integrity and respect of judges is inconceivable if the judge abuses his powers, neglects his judicial duties or even violates them. A strong, well‐educated and independent judiciary can function only if the legislature lays down the rules of accountability. Until the middle of the 19th century, the general provisions on the responsibility of state or administrative officials in Hungary also applied to members of the judiciary.
Laura R. Rathmanner
Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs, Volume 1, pp 87-123; https://doi.org/10.1553/brgoe2020-1s87

Abstract:
Within the framework of the Paris Peace Treaties after World War I, a structure of various international bodies was created in order to implement numerous provisions. For the most part, their significance and their activities in the interwar period have receded into the background, especially concerning the lesser known parts of the Peace Treaties. Therefore, this contribution aims to provide an overview of the bodies linked to the Austrian Peace Treaty, the Treaty of St. Germain, showing their diversity regarding their significance, legal nature and legal basis, composition, scope of functions, duration and their relations with the Austrian Republic.
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