Journal of Management and Sustainability
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-4725 / 1925-4733
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 477
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 24 November 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p121
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the foundational bedrock for sustainability efforts. Corporate Social Responsibility is also becoming the norm rather than the exception due to social awareness created by curricula that highlights areas of both social and environmental inequality and has recently emerged as a bona fide strategic option globally. Howe and Straus predicted the growth of Corporate Social Responsibility in their seminal work, Millennials Rising. This paper extends and validates that earlier work through the illumination of recent causal factors and changes in society. The combination of proactive equality initiatives resulting in changes in leadership and value anchoring by college major illustrates that millennials’ ethos more strongly align with both social and environmental sustainability philosophies. The forthcoming millennial upheaval, as posited by Howe and Strauss, is evidenced by “strong belief statements” as interpreted by the raters in this study.
Published: 5 November 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p112
Coastal Zone is the most vulnerable area which is often attacked by cyclones, storm surges, floods, erosion and affected by climate change impacts like prolonged drought, salinity intrusion & greater temperature extremes. These realities are true both for the developed nations and a developing country like Bangladesh. This review study aims to explore the coastal management approaches in the UK & EU and the prevailing coastal management scenarios of Bangladesh. Based on the existing coastal management situations of Bangladesh, this study suggests that Bangladesh needs a holistic coastal management mechanism that should be supported by legislation, run by administrative and institutional frameworks, staffed by multidisciplinary experienced professionals under a Coastal Zone Management Authority (CZMA) for sustainable coastal zone management.
Published: 5 November 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p97
The knowledge on the significant factors that lead to environmental changes can be an attractive tool for directing priority actions of management, sustainability and impact minimization. In this regard, this work suggests the use of panel data analysis in environmental assessments, proposing a panel data regression model for the context of the Amazon forest, aiming to evaluate the role of primary activities over deforestation in Legal Amazon between 1988 and 2018. For this, the deforested areas in Legal Amazon were assessed regarding the potential explanatory variables: (i) area intended for soybean cultivation; (ii) area intended for palm oil cultivation; (iii) cattle ranching; and (iv) firewood and wood extraction. The model developed in this work evidenced cattle ranching and palm oil cultivation as significant factors for the increase of deforested areas, as well as the contribution of other factors besides primary activities in Amazon deforestation from 1988 to 2018. These results are in accordance with the literature, evidencing the applicability and assertiveness of the proposed method. This approach can help decision-makers of several other fields of environmental management. Additionally, this work also assessed the evolution of deforestation rates from 1988 to 2018, as well as possible regionalities and temporal trends in Legal Amazon deforestation. Statistically significant upward trends in deforestation rates in Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, and Rondônia since 2012 were noticed. The spatial homogeneity in deforestation reinforces the need for effective oversight in Amazon.
Published: 2 November 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p83
The agri-food logistics chains face guarantee the greatest extending of sustainability practices in the management of the entire supply chain. The use of management and marketing tools and of innovative legal and economic institutes, also in the agri-food sector, is fundamental to guaranteeing an increasingly “cleaner” agriculture, in order to introduce more and more organic and eco-sustainable food products and safe for the health and well-being of living beings on the market. However, the joint use of these tools does not yet seem to be fully exploited, particularly in South-Italy. In this sense, the territories limit of potential eco-sustainable development tools deriving from the agri-food logistics chains, also in terms of territorial and tourism development of entire areas. Drawing upon the experiences of innovative projects oriented to eco-sustainability that have implemented mechanisms of continuous improvement in the agri-food sector, through the achievement of high levels of technological, methodological and organizational innovation, some implications for how to implement territorial development policies guided by sustainability can be found. In this paper, the changes that the agri-food sector has undergone will be discussed and possible scenarios of territorial and tourism development supported by the agri-food logistics chains will be suggested, two macro areas covered by the three pillars of sustainability, environmental, economic and social.
Published: 30 September 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p70
The study was carried out to examine the compliance of people to awareness programmes/preventive measures on COVID-19. The study was carried out in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State with the population being the residents of Ibadan North Local Government area. The study employed a descriptive design of the survey type. A self-designed questionnaire was used to elicit responses from respondents through purposive sampling method via Google form; sent to 400 respondents out of which 200 copies of questionnaire which were filled in a valid form were used for the study. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation with appropriate remarks were used to analyse the research questions while T-test was used to analyze hypotheses 1-3 and ordinary least squares regression was used to analyse hypothesis 4. The study showed that there existed a strong relationship between awareness programmes/preventive measures on COVID-19 and compliance of Ibadan North Local Government area citizens; that there existed a low significant relationship between medium of information and compliance of people to awareness/preventive measures on COVID-19 as indicated in (r = 0.811, P = .000 <0.05) and among others the study revealed that awareness programmes, medium of information and preventive measures had (P = 0.05, R = 0.993, R2 = 0.976, Adjusted R2 = 0.986, F = 4707.2; Sig = 0.000); which showed that these dependent variables had significant relationship with people’s compliance to awareness programmes on COVID-19. Among the recommendations made were that government of Oyo State in particular and Nigeria in general should heighten the process of awareness programmes, provide materials that would help in taking preventive measures to indigent people and educate people on the lookout for verified and certified information from real authoritative sources as opposed to subscribing to fake news.
Published: 1 September 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p52
The worldwide competitive struggles in high-tech environment such as knowledge-based companies have featured the necessity to infer how competitive advantage is gained. Dynamic capabilities as the origin of competitive advantage emphasize the changing character of the environment and nature of future competition, acceleration in innovation growth, and the main role of strategic management in adaption, integration, and reconfiguration of organizational skills, resources, and working competences toward shifting environment. The recent inquiry is based on an interpretive paradigm and an inductive approach. The qualitative part of the research is conducted with exploratory purpose through grounded theory strategy. In quantitative part of study, it is continued with explanatory and descriptive purposes through survey and correlational research strategies. The probe concepts and variables are analyzed in 30 top knowledge-based companies located at growth centers of 6 high-ranking universities of Iran working on electronics and informatics field. The results of the research indicate that achieving knowledge-centricity main phenomenon through dynamic capabilities requires presence of value creation on the basis of resource orientation together with competences. The knowledge-based companies can reach the summit and sustainable success in the knowledge-centricity main phenomenon when they consider two kinds of specialized paths related to the differentiation strategies and knowledge-based strategies. Along with these two paths, contextual factors of environmental cognition, knowledge management and knowledge approaches, and the intervening conditions of branding and brand management, and strategic agility are identified that have a positive and significant effect on both strategies. The final designed model explicates how to gain competitive advantage for the studied companies through dynamic capabilities with regard to the differentiation and the knowledge-based approaches.
Published: 23 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p46
This literature deals with the conflicts experienced by the indigenous people from the Tapuya Kariri tribe, who live in São Benedito, Ceará, and whose tribe has been suffering to sustain its lifestyle and, consequently, the bond among the people. The relevant factors that inspired the development of this paper are the need for discussing the challenges faced by the Tapuya Kariri people as well as listing the involved parts in fights for lands, which are holy in their majority. Thus, the emphasis is on the principal issues involving the indigenous people and those with whom they relate in places the consider to be sacred, on the complexity involving these social interactions and on the confrontation resulting from the struggle to sustain the lifestyle and uniqueness of the abovementioned people.
Published: 19 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p24
Brazil and India are distinct countries in many fields such as culture, politics and religion, but some similar characteristics are noted. When it comes to territorial extension and population, the two countries are classified as emerging and are currently members of the BRICS Summit. The proximity of countries has become evident in the 21st century, where they seek to achieve the same goal, a greater participation in the world order. The trade relationship between them aims at positive impacts on both economies. This paper seeks to present the characteristics of the Brazil-India trade relationship and its implications for Brazil. Part of the scope of this research was the study of the relationship between the Brazil-India Trade Chain and some macroeconomic variables of these countries, for that a nonlinear causality test was applied, and the Factorial Analysis (main components) was also used. Finally, three methodologies were applied to model and forecast the Trade Chain (cross-validated LASSO, Neural Networks and non-tuned Random Forest) and a comparison was made between the metric performances, thus generating a satisfactory result, where was it noted that India presents a growing share of its trade balance on the GDP, which makes this market attractive to Brazil, because there is a significant increase in commercial relations.
Published: 19 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p15
The objective of this manuscript is to present comments about the social technology involving the production of renewable energy using the digesters implemented by the Paulo Freire project in some country estates in Massapê and Jordão. For this, visits were necessary for these two municipalities, where it is possible to realize the importance of these digesters for the local people. Furthermore, some aspects affect the production in the field, such as the interaction among types of social technology and the importance of available natural resources for obtaining results that impact positively on the local economy and sustainable rural development. The diffusion of rural and environmentally sustainable development actions goes through the guarantee of resources for the development and autonomy of the population.
Published: 9 July 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p1
It is often asserted that big data can potentially help firms make data-oriented decisions. The rise of big data completely revolutionized the tourism industry, explaining partly why this research intends to explore the relationship between big data applied in online tourism and online tourists’ behavior. This study will tackle the question in relation to big data’s perception based on gender, age and usage’s interaction, factors identified throughout the literature as important. It is found that both advantages and disadvantages of big data positively impact online consumer behavior. Although surprising, this result is justified in the fact that consumers always consider the trade-off between advantages and disadvantages which explains their willingness to still use online services. It is also found that usage is a determinant factor influencing big data’s perception. One major take away is that disadvantages of big data do not necessarily translate into a negative behavior. Moreover, online tourism website designers can tailor their products in a way to appeal to light users of online tourism services, considering heavy users are likely to buy in no matter what.