Journal of Management and Sustainability

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1925-4725 / 1925-4733
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 495
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Latest articles in this journal

Zhenhua Gao, Jing Wang, Wenrui Ren
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p177

Abstract:
The power exchange mode is widely applied in the rental field as an efficient energy supply method for new energy vehicles. The power supply-demand relationship analysis swaps. In particular, the quantitative spatial analysis of sub-regions is of great significance for optimizing the spatial layout of power swapping stations, better operation of taxis, and more efficient power swapping stations. Therefore, this paper analyzes the correlation between the ten states of taxis and the corresponding power exchange. The present analysis targets the limitations in the existing methods to analyze the power exchange supply and demand and utilizing the big data pertaining to real-time taxi operation, order-taking mode, and station-swapping operation. As per the correlations, a calculation method is established to determine the power exchange demand based on the location where the orders are received and the matching method of the power exchange supply and demand. Besides verifying the scientific nature and feasibility of the method empirically, this study also ensured its great flexibility, which allows it to adapt to more complicated social scenarios. The big data analysis indicates that determining the spatial distribution of demand based on the location from where the taxi orders are received is far more rational and practical. Thus, this study has a vital role in guiding the location and layout of interchange stations.
Mohamad Abu Ghazaleh, Abdelrahim M. Zabadi
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p203

Abstract:
This study aims to explore the role of BC and its impact on CRM by suggesting an extended CRM on the basis of BC capabilities thru developing an analytic hierarchy planning-based framework to establish criteria weights developing a new self-assessment model to determine the most critical factors impacting the BC investment in CRM to enhance customer experience and to enable parties to work together in a trusted technology environment. An analytical hierarchical process (AHP) approach was utilized to prioritize and weigh the factors affecting the BC investment in modern CRM in the service industry based on the extant literature and its interpretation. This approach resulted in a ranking of 19 sub-factors based on experienced customer service professionals and technologists’ evaluations. Findings revealed a significant insight into proposing a new generation of CRM based on BCT, focusing on using the powerful BC platform considering all factors influencing the BC investment in modern CRM from a business perspective. Understanding the new combination of BC and CRM can solve the challenges and dilemmas linked to the untrusted environment of handling CRM data in the information systems field. This study provides valuable information and critical analysis of BC regarding CRM integration. Directions for future research are also included.
José Florentino Vieira de Melo, Ana Lúcia De Araújo Lima Coelho, Guilhardo Barros Moreira de Carvalho, Nicolle Sales da Costa
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p187

Abstract:
This paper aims to analyze the sustainability discourse manifested by a public institution dedicated to higher education located in the northeastern region of Brazil, the Federal University of Paraiba, during the time interval between the years 2009 and 2020. It used Sociological Discourse Analysis as a research method. It also used the documentation produced by the institution as a data source, in particular its Institutional Development Plans and Management Reports, as well as the media content produced and broadcast by its television channel and magazine. The research also used conversations held with employees linked to organizational management and observations recorded through photographs. Some questions were the basis for the data analysis: Who is the speaker; What is the position of the speaker; Which audiences did the speaker target; What did the speaker silence in the discourse; How did the speaker organize the speech; The research discovered discursive positions, narrative configurations, and semantic spaces that revealed an institution focused on its social function. It used teaching, research, and extension activities to be active in contact with society but placed its internal challenges in the background. It emerged that, despite understanding the importance of sustainability, internal actions to transform the organization into a laboratory for experimentation in this sense decreased due to the prioritization of combating recurrent socio-economic problems.
Marcos Venicios Ribeiro Mendes, Simone Ferreira Diniz, Cleire Lima Da Costa Falcão, José Falcão Sobrinho, Francisca Edineide Lima Barbosa
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p168

Abstract:
Agriculture, to be successful, needs soil to have a potential nutrient composition that is relevant to plants. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the conditions for farming through soil analysis. Thus, this manuscript makes it possible to analyze the fruitfulness of two samples of the reddish-yellow acrisol—one with vegetation and the other without it—from Serra da Meruoca, a humid area in the semi-arid region of Ceará. Concerning the material and method, the stages were literature review, researches on cartographic bases, fieldwork, and data collection and their analysis in the laboratory. The results show that the area of acrisol with vegetation favors the practice of agriculture, a fact observed because of carbon (C), which is indicative of soil with intense cultivation, as well as calcium (Ca), which appeared in a significant level, typical of arable land. In the second sample, the acrisol without vegetation, the parameters that impose restrictions on agriculture are the pH, which contains exchangeable aluminum, indicative of high acidity that leads to a leaching process. Also, the aluminum (Al) at a low level reflected the need for dolomitic quicklime, for the amendment of a deficient soil. Therefore, studies on its fruitfulness are essential for farmers to reap the rewards according to the results obtained and analyzed.
Márcia Macedo, Marlos Macedo, Manoel Marinho, Emilia Kohlman Rabbani
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p147

Abstract:
Brazil has one of the highest percentages of solar radiation in the world and which it is a favorable condition to generate electricity using solar photovoltaic systems. The construction of photovoltaic plants depends on the site selection that influences the electricity generation capacity and the socio-economic benefits that can be derived from it in the future. This article proposes to combine Spatial analysis that involves the acquisition and management of spatial data using a Geographic Information System (GIS), and the fuzzy multi-criteria AHP-TOPSIS model to identify potential locations for the installation of solar photovoltaic systems in the northeastern region of Brazil, State of Pernambuco. The combination of GIS and fuzzy AHP-TOPSIS offers the user the possibility of assigning merit categories to the mapping according to multiple assessment criteria. The GIS include factors of the restrictions and criteria. The restrictions are inserted into the GIS using layers defined from current legislation (urban areas, undeveloped land, community sites, infrastructure, etc.), which reduce the study area by eliminating zones in which PV installation is not permitted. The results show that 22 and 40% of the area of the state of Pernambuco has the very high and high potential, respectively, for the implantation of PV.
Maria Teresa Barbosa, White José dos Santos, Marina Lucena Nogueira, Aldo Carvalho, Naíra Laurindo, Izabela Silva, Vicente Rosse
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p139

Abstract:
Nowadays, different organizations and institutions have advanced methodologies and strategies that make it possible to assess, through parameters and indicators, the sustainability of construction projects that materialize the concept of “sustainable building”. The main aim of this research is to carry out a critical analysis between the Sustainable Development Indicators (SDI), released by the IBGE/Brazil, and the most used assessment tools in Brazil, namely: LEED and AQUA. Thus, with regard to the “green buildings” certified by these tools in the Brazilian territory, data collection was carried out in those organizations considering the parameters: the level of certification and the region of Brazil. The lack of synchronization between the data from the SDI and the assessment tools was found. Finally, recommendations are presented that aim to reduce the inconsistencies found in the assessment tools.
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p126

Abstract:
Due to the growing number of green bond issues, a lack of mandatory standards and thus the growing phenomenon of greenwashing, an increasingly greater role is assumed by external auditors who are called upon to certify the ‘greenness’ of green bonds. These include rating agencies, which may be called on to express a green rating for each issue of green bonds. Based on a unique dataset made up of 66 green bond issues together with their respective green ratings from 2015 to 2020, the aim of this paper is to test the relationship between issuers’ board compositions and the green rating assigned to each bond issue. The results obtained confirm some conclusions already present in the existing literature and also open a new field of research concerning the green bond market, which has so far been little analysed, especially with reference to corporate governance.
Juliana Nazareth de Lana, Márcio de Oliveira, Vanessa Romario de Paula, Cézar Henrique Barra Rocha
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p108

Abstract:
Changes in the land use and land cover in areas adjacent to water reservoirs directly affect the quality of this water. This research presents a study on the water quality in the basin of one of the most important public water supply reservoirs in the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais. The main objective of this study was to analyze the behavior of limnological parameters and the correlation with land use and land cover in the contribution basin of the Doutor João Penido reservoir (CBJPR). The methodology was based on the analysis of water quality parameters, related to water samples collected from 2012 to 2015. Six sampling points were chosen from different locations: spring, medium course, main tributaries of the reservoir and the reservoir catchment. The parameters analyzed were turbidity, total solids (TS), oxygen consumed (OC), dissolved oxygen (DO), electrical conductivity, total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), E. Coli, temperature, pH and total dissolved solids (TDS). The Kendall’s tau test was used to analyze the correlations between the parameters of water quality, land use and land cover in the CBJPR. In general, measured parameters showed better results in spring and in reservoir catchment, showing a worse quality of the water along the tributaries and the dilution power of the reservoir. The correlations pointed to the need for protection and preservation of forests in strategic locations to ensure good water quality.
Josemar Gonçalves Oliveira Filho, Wagner Rodrigues Nascimento, Simonny Monthiel Araújo Vasconcelo, Marcelo Gomes Judice, Mariana Buranelo Egea
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p102

Abstract:
Dairy cattle farming is an activity of great economic importance in Brazil; however, this activity presents high water consumption and volume of waste generated. The objective in the present work was to measure water consumption and waste generation during mechanical milking, in order to promote rational initiatives for the process. The farm property showed the consumption of 64.76% of the whole used water per day and generation of 35.24% of waste-water in the milking process. After orientation, the average coefficient of water consumption in the cattle sector decreased to 3.2 liters with a daily production of approximately 550 liters of milk and an average water consumption of 1,764.83 liters per day. The implementation of equipment and adoption of mitigation measures was associated with a significant reduction in water waste.
Gilles Paché, Christian Morel
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 11; doi:10.5539/jms.v11n1p88

Abstract:
The energy transition can be defined as all the transformations of the system of production, distribution and consumption of energy carried out in a territory in order to make it more ecological. The aim is to reduce the environmental impact of an energy system. Inseparable from sustainable development, the energy transition contributes to the fight against global warming, through the implementation of changes based on innovative technologies, but also and above all on new political orientations. The paper focuses in particular on city logistics in Europe as an illustration of energy transition, showing that strategic interactions between city logistics stakeholders are at the heart of new practices, particularly in the implementation of low emission zones (LEZs). A case study was conducted with a large French metropolitan area, which is at the forefront of sustainable city logistics. This case study is based on an analysis of official documents written as part of the implementation of the LEZ. Using a conceptual framework drawn from the SCP paradigm, which is at the origin of the industrial organization’s stream, the results indicate that the success of environmental city logistics strategies depends effectively on interactions between several public and private stakeholders, and not only on virtuous managerial practices from companies.
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