Journal of Management and Sustainability
ISSN / EISSN : 19254725 / 19254733
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 472
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 1 September 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p52
The worldwide competitive struggles in high-tech environment such as knowledge-based companies have featured the necessity to infer how competitive advantage is gained. Dynamic capabilities as the origin of competitive advantage emphasize the changing character of the environment and nature of future competition, acceleration in innovation growth, and the main role of strategic management in adaption, integration, and reconfiguration of organizational skills, resources, and working competences toward shifting environment. The recent inquiry is based on an interpretive paradigm and an inductive approach. The qualitative part of the research is conducted with exploratory purpose through grounded theory strategy. In quantitative part of study, it is continued with explanatory and descriptive purposes through survey and correlational research strategies. The probe concepts and variables are analyzed in 30 top knowledge-based companies located at growth centers of 6 high-ranking universities of Iran working on electronics and informatics field. The results of the research indicate that achieving knowledge-centricity main phenomenon through dynamic capabilities requires presence of value creation on the basis of resource orientation together with competences. The knowledge-based companies can reach the summit and sustainable success in the knowledge-centricity main phenomenon when they consider two kinds of specialized paths related to the differentiation strategies and knowledge-based strategies. Along with these two paths, contextual factors of environmental cognition, knowledge management and knowledge approaches, and the intervening conditions of branding and brand management, and strategic agility are identified that have a positive and significant effect on both strategies. The final designed model explicates how to gain competitive advantage for the studied companies through dynamic capabilities with regard to the differentiation and the knowledge-based approaches.
Published: 23 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p46
This literature deals with the conflicts experienced by the indigenous people from the Tapuya Kariri tribe, who live in São Benedito, Ceará, and whose tribe has been suffering to sustain its lifestyle and, consequently, the bond among the people. The relevant factors that inspired the development of this paper are the need for discussing the challenges faced by the Tapuya Kariri people as well as listing the involved parts in fights for lands, which are holy in their majority. Thus, the emphasis is on the principal issues involving the indigenous people and those with whom they relate in places the consider to be sacred, on the complexity involving these social interactions and on the confrontation resulting from the struggle to sustain the lifestyle and uniqueness of the abovementioned people.
Published: 19 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p15
The objective of this manuscript is to present comments about the social technology involving the production of renewable energy using the digesters implemented by the Paulo Freire project in some country estates in Massapê and Jordão. For this, visits were necessary for these two municipalities, where it is possible to realize the importance of these digesters for the local people. Furthermore, some aspects affect the production in the field, such as the interaction among types of social technology and the importance of available natural resources for obtaining results that impact positively on the local economy and sustainable rural development. The diffusion of rural and environmentally sustainable development actions goes through the guarantee of resources for the development and autonomy of the population.
Published: 19 August 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p24
Brazil and India are distinct countries in many fields such as culture, politics and religion, but some similar characteristics are noted. When it comes to territorial extension and population, the two countries are classified as emerging and are currently members of the BRICS Summit. The proximity of countries has become evident in the 21st century, where they seek to achieve the same goal, a greater participation in the world order. The trade relationship between them aims at positive impacts on both economies. This paper seeks to present the characteristics of the Brazil-India trade relationship and its implications for Brazil. Part of the scope of this research was the study of the relationship between the Brazil-India Trade Chain and some macroeconomic variables of these countries, for that a nonlinear causality test was applied, and the Factorial Analysis (main components) was also used. Finally, three methodologies were applied to model and forecast the Trade Chain (cross-validated LASSO, Neural Networks and non-tuned Random Forest) and a comparison was made between the metric performances, thus generating a satisfactory result, where was it noted that India presents a growing share of its trade balance on the GDP, which makes this market attractive to Brazil, because there is a significant increase in commercial relations.
Published: 9 July 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n2p1
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Published: 1 June 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n1p197
Reviewer Acknowledgements for Journal of Management and Sustainability, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2020.
Published: 26 May 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n1p174
Sustainability is a complex and abstract concept. However, policy-makers and representatives of global and regional associations need to assess and track the sustainable development of countries and regions to define a sustainability strategic path. The objective of this research is to propose and validate a methodology to define a simple but proper sustainability index that serves as a proxy for the identification of the segments of most and least advanced countries according to their achievement of the sustainable development goals defined by the United Nations (UN). Several well-known quantitative methodologies are used to first define a summarized index of sustainable development. Second, multicriteria decision-making methods are applied to determine the relative importance of the elements or dimensions comprising the sustainability concept. Then, the simulated judgments of a group of experts is used to compute a group weight vector by applying the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAPH). Different aggregation methods are used to compute the importance that decision-makers assign to the several dimensions of sustainability. Finally, segments of countries generated with the clustering algorithm k-means are rated to identify sustainability benchmark segment(s) and groups of countries in need of support to attain the UN sustainability goals.
Published: 26 May 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n1p162
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is commonly perceived as one of the main drivers of technological progress and socio-economic development. At the same time, FDI is often regarded as an instrument of stabilising authoritarian regimes, which disenfranchise the rights of citizens to increase rents generated by foreign firms. Given that both views are accurate, the improvement of human rights and economic development could constitute two conflicting goals. This particularly applies to Sub-Saharan Africa, where a sizeable number of countries are mired in poverty and governed by authoritarian power structures. In evaluating the importance of these soft factors, we examine two important institutional factors of FDI attraction: We address the question of whether human rights violations deter FDI attraction and explore whether FDI depends on the amount of available socio-economic information about the country to be invested in. For the latter, we use a novel variable, namely the Statistical Capacity Figures of the World Bank, which depicts an indicator of effectiveness of the national statistical systems. In order to analyse the relationship between human rights and FDI, we run a regression model covering 41 Sub-Saharan countries covering the years from 2006 to 2015.
Published: 26 May 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n1p189
This study aims at reflecting the impact of business incubator facilities on the creation of an entrepreneurial ecosystem with a focus on the major business incubator in Jordan—King Hussein Business Park—as it expanded new land within a critical large expansion plan through five phases with a full occupancy rate. This example shows more details on how to further develop planned entrepreneurial activities to attract new clients to occupy expanded spaces by focusing on creating a supportive ecosystem for entrepreneurship. This study was conducted on the top and middle management of the companies in the business hub KHBP, the sample consisted of (300) directors. In this context, infrastructure, governmental tax benefits, and services provided are hypothesized to have an effect on the entrepreneurial ecosystem in addition to that the outcomes of this study disclose a favorable influence for the facilities on creation supportive entrepreneurial climate. Infrastructure, Governmental law benefits, and services are found to be significant in the creation of a charming business climate for entrepreneurs. The study’s findings demonstrate that countries with scant exchequers face a lot of troubles in creating an attractive and supportive ecosystem for entrepreneurial activities, and they have to get better their business environment for entrepreneurship development. Governmental policies and reforms also play a vital role in making the projects and businesses much simply.
Published: 9 May 2020
Journal of Management and Sustainability, Volume 10; doi:10.5539/jms.v10n1p152
The traditional production of geographical indications (GIs) are struggling to react to external influences such as climate change, changing market conditions. There is a call for innovation within GI products without compromising traditional practices. In GI research, tradition and innovation are often debated because it is apparent that they exclude each other. However, there are findings that a combination of these two elements can have effects on sustainability. Through acknowledging the synergy, diversification strategies are commonly used; those have a remarkable effect on all dimensions of sustainability (social, economic, environmental). The aim of this paper is to show evidence from literature stating that the incorporated tradition of GI products can exist in synergy with innovation. The TISyn (tradition-innovation synergy) model is presented as starting point for future research on this matter. We conclude that focusing on innovation within the GI scheme is required for a changing focus on sustainable productions. However, examples show that without taking tradition into account, GI stakeholders obtain negative outcomes.