Journal of Quantum Information Science

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2162-5751 / 2162-576X
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 165
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SHERPA/ROMEO
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Ronald Columbié-Leyva, Ulises Miranda, Alberto López-Vivas, Jacques Soullard, Ilya G. Kaplan
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 84-98; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.112007

Abstract:
In introduction we presented a short historical survey of the discovery of superconductivity (SC) up to the Fe-based materials that are not superconducting in a pure state. For this type of material, the transition to SC state occurs in presence of different dopants. Recently in the Fe-based materials at high pressures, the SC was obtained at room critical temperature. In this paper, we present the results of calculations of the isolated cluster representing infinitum crystal with Rh and Pd as dopants. All calculations are performed with the suite of programs Gaussian 16. The obtained results are compared with our previous results obtained for embedded cluster using Gaussian 09. In the case of embedded cluster our methodology of the Embedded Cluster Method at the MP2 electron correlation level was applied. In the NBO population analysis two main features are revealed: the independence of charge density transfer from the spin density transfer and, the presence of orbitals with electron density but without spin density. This is similar to the Anderson’s spinless holon and confirms our conclusions in previous publications that the possible mechanism for superconductivity can be the RVB mechanism proposed by Anderson for high Tc superconductivity in cuprates.
Kabgyun Jeong
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.111001

Abstract:
The private quantum channel (PQC) maps any quantum state to the maximally mixed state for the discrete as well as the bosonic Gaussian quantum systems, and it has fundamental meaning on the quantum cryptographic tasks and the quantum channel capacity problems. In this paper, we primally introduce a notion of approximate private quantum channel (ε-PQC) on fermionic Gaussian systems (i.e., ε-FPQC), and construct its explicit form of the fermionic (Gaussian) private quantum channel. First of all, we suggest a general structure for ε-FPQC on the fermionic Gaussian systems with respect to the Schatten p-norm class, and then we give an explicit proof of the statement in the trace norm case. In addition, we study that the cardinality of a set of fermionic unitary operators agrees on the ε-FPQC condition in the trace norm case. This result may give birth to intuition on the construction of emerging fermionic Gaussian quantum communication or computing systems.
S. Jamal Anwar, M. Ramzan, M. Usman, M. Khalid Khan
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 24-41; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.111003

Abstract:
In this paper, we have proposed the numerical calculations to study the quantum entanglement (QE) of moving two-level atom interacting with a coherent and the thermal field influenced by intrinsic decoherence (ID), Kerr medium (non-linear) and the Stark effect. The wave function of the complete system interacting with a coherent and the thermal field is calculated numerically affected by ID, Kerr (non-linear) and Stark effects. It has been seen that the Stark, Kerr, ID and the thermal environment have a significant effect during the time evolution of the quantum system. Quantum Fisher information (QFI) and QE decrease as the value of the ID parameter is increased in the thermal field without the atomic movement. It is seen that QFI and von Neumann entropy (VNE) show an opposite and periodic response in the presence of atomic motion. The non-linear Kerr medium has a more prominent and significant effect on the QE as the value of the Kerr parameter is decreased. At smaller values of the non-linear Kerr parameter, the VNE increases, however, QFI decreases, so QFI and VNE have a monotonic connection with one another. As the value of the Kerr parameter is increased, the effect of non-linear Kerr doesn’t stay critical on both QFI and QE. However, a periodic response of QE is seen because of the atomic movement which becomes modest under natural impacts. Moreover, it has been seen that QFI and QE rot soon at the smaller values of the Stark parameter. However, as the value of the Stark parameter is increased, the QFI and QE show periodic response even when the atomic movement is absent.
Sofia D. Wechsler
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 42-63; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.111004

Abstract:
The postulate of the collapse of the wave-function stands between the microscopic, quantum world, and the macroscopic world. Because of this intermediate position, the collapse process cannot be examined with the formalism of the quantum mechanics (QM), neither with that of classical mechanics. This fact makes some physicists propose interpretations of QM, which avoid this postulate. However, the common procedure used in that is making assumptions incompatible with the QM formalism. The present work discusses the most popular interpretations. It is shown that because of such assumptions those interpretations fail, i.e. predict for some experiments results which differ from the QM predictions. Despite that, special attention is called to a proposal of S. Gao, the only one which addresses and tries to solve an obvious and major contradiction. A couple of theorems are proved for showing that the collapse postulate is necessary in the QM. Although non-explainable with the quantum formalism, this postulate cannot be denied, otherwise one comes to conclusions which disagree with the QM. It is also proved here that the idea of “collapse at a distance” is problematic especially in relativistic cases, and is a misunderstanding. Namely, in an entanglement of two quantum systems, assuming that the measurement of one of the systems (accompanied by collapse of that system on one of its states) collapses the other systems, too without the second system being measured, which leads to a contradiction.
Eric Bond
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 71-83; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.112006

Abstract:
A new and falsifiable realist interpretation of quantum mechanics is examined in relation to the sum over histories concept, pilot wave theory and the many-worlds interpretation. This electric charge/transactional model explains how the single electron double-slit experiment produces extremely localized endpoints from diffracted wavicles, why these endpoints are scattered around the entire surface of the absorber screen, and why these points of contact result in the characteristic fringe pattern as they accumulate. Advanced waves and substantive electric charge effects in the double-slit experiment are postulated, then this hypothesis is supported by a quantitative analysis of electron emission in comparison to lightning. The wider implications if advanced waves and electric charge distribution prove to be significant factors in the double-slit experiment are discussed, including possible parallels with meteorological and neurological phenomena.
Jose Luis Hevia, Ezequiel Murina, Guido Peterssen, Mario Piattini
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 112-123; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.113009

Abstract:
Quantum computing has already become a technology to be used by large companies in finance, distribution, health care, chemistry, etc. Among the different approaches, quantum annealing is one of the most promising in the short term. However, software development platforms do not offer user-friendly interfaces for the definition of annealing problems. In this paper we present a solution to this problem: QPath®’s Annealer Compositor that facilitates the definition and execution of annealing algorithms in either quantum annealing or digital annealing computers. An example based on a nurse work schedule is used for illustrating this special interface.
Nicolas Courtemanche, Claude Crépeau
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 65-70; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.112005

Abstract:
In the paper “Super-Quantum Correlations: A Necessary Clarification” by Uzan [1], it is suggested that stronger than quantum (or supra-quantum) correlations are not possible. The main point of Uzan’s argumentation is the belief that the intuitive definition of No-Signalling (NS) is different from the statistical definition of No-Signalling (NSstat), and that situations exist where NSstat is respected while NS isn’t. In this paper we show why these definitions are one and the same, and where the example from the original paper breaks down. We provide a broader context to help the reader understand intuitively the situation.
Asghar Ullah, Khalid Khan
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 13-23; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.111002

Abstract:
We study the behavior of quantum Fisher information for a qubit probe that is interacting with a squeezed thermal environment. We analyzed the effect of squeezing parameters on the dynamics of quantum Fisher information which affects the optimal precision of the estimation parameter. We show that the squeezed field may offer a significant role in the precise measurement of the parameter cut-off frequency which is linked to the environment correlation time. Our results may be useful in quantum metrology, communication, and quantum estimation processes.
Sofia D. Wechsler
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 11, pp 99-111; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2021.113008

Abstract:
What is the quantum system? Consider the wave-function of the electron—what we call “single particle wave-function”—and assume that it contains N wave-packets. If we pass all the wave-packets through an electric field, all are deflected, as if each one of them contains an electron. However, if we bring any two wave-packets to travel close to one another, they don’t repel one another, as if at least one of them contains no charge. In trying to solve the measurement problem of the quantum mechanics (QM), different interpretations were proposed, each one coming with a particular ontology. However, only one interpretation paid explicit attention to the contradiction mentioned above. This interpretation was proposed by S. Gao who named it “random discontinuous motion” (RDM), because it assumes the existence of a particle that jumps from place to place at random. The particle carries all the physical properties of the respective type of particle, mass, charge, magnetic momentum, etc. It jumps under the control of an “instantaneous condition” about which Gao did not give details so far. Along with presenting problems of the QM that this interpretation solves, this text reveals difficulties vis-à-vis entanglements and the special relativity.
Shahzad Aasim
Journal of Quantum Information Science, Volume 10, pp 36-42; https://doi.org/10.4236/jqis.2020.102004

Abstract:
Emerging infectious viral diseases are a major threat to humankind on earth, containing emerging and re-emerging pathogenic physiognomies has raised great public health concern. This study aimed at investigating the global prevalence, biological and clinical characteristics of novel Corona-virus, Wuhan China (2019-nCoV), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona-virus (SARS-CoV), and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona-virus (MERS-CoV) infection outbreaks [1]. Currently, novel Corona-virus disease COVID-2019 is already pandemic and causing havoc throughout the world. Scientific community is still struggling to come out with concrete therapeutic measures against this disease and development of its vaccine is far off from sight in the immediate near future. However, humanity will be put to such pressures very often in the near future and given the present circumstances, what we can expect from the scientific world now? I think QIT (Quantum Information Theory) has an answer to this question. One of the very basic mechanisms that every infectious virus follows to infect is the entry of the virus through cell surface receptors, engulfing, un-coating of viral genome and its transcription to form multiple copies and translation to form viral proteins and coating of viral genome to form multiple copies of the viral particles and then of course the cell bursting to infect other cells. This very basic mechanism does not occur randomly but through a regulated and more dynamic process which we may call coding and decoding of information through reduction in error or noise.
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