Bulletin of Kemerovo State University
ISSN / EISSN : 2078-8975 / 2078-8983
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 574
Latest articles in this journal
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-932-942
The accuracy of any historical research depends on independent verification of the related data and the completeness of available sources. According to nineteenth-century French historians, "Documents make History", which means that all available written sources are equally important for solving a particular task. In this aspect, classification of historical sources can be of great help. Like any classification, it groups its objects according to the presence or absence of an essential feature. Perhaps, the most famous methodological school was founded in Novosibirsk by S. S. Rozova, who dealt with issues of scientific classification. In the modern domestic tradition of the historical methodology, classification of historical sources is one of the most important research steps. It allows historians to give a genuine scientific character to their studies. However, classification of sources is not a mechanical action. As a creative process, it leads to variability. The present article introduces a comparative analysis of two classifications of historical sources on the history of Yakutia, which belonged to N. N. Ogloblin and V. F. Ivanov. N. N. Ogloblin created a detailed classification of sources, which covers the main groups of customs documentation. However, his second volume was found lacking.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-908-915
This article presents the history of the formation of the State Central Institute for Advanced Medical Education, the present-day Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education at the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Moscow). This study involved documents found in the Russian State Archive of Scientific and Technical Documentation. The problem statement is the first of is kind in Russian historiography. The paper contains a detailed description of the early years of the Central Institute for Advanced Medical Education (1930–1938). It also outlines the main directions of the Institute activity during the period in question, e.g. correspondence courses for doctors from remote regions. The authors investigated the personnel issue in the context of historical reconstruction. They demonstrated the key challenges that the institution had to face and address in its early days. The analysis proved that the Institute provided invaluable experience in training professional medical personnel in the shortest time possible under difficult historical conditions.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-1050-1060
The research featured the way legal terms express the genus – species relationship (hyperonyms vs. hyponyms) and whole – part relationship (holonyms vs. meronyms / partonyms). The article introduces the basic differences in the relations of these types, as well as terminological variants. The author specified the related research terminology, the specific use of hyponyms / hyperonyms and holonyms / meronyms in the formation of a legislative definition, and the intra-text semantic correlation of concepts expressed by these relations. The author also defined the means and ways of expressing hyper-hyponymy and holonymy-meronymy: syntactic, grammatical, punctuation, numbering, graphic, speech markers, etc. The paper describes the main functions of legal hyponyms / hyperonyms and holonyms / meronyms: structuring the terminological system of law and the textual space of the law, official legal interpretation, the formation of an interpretation strategy, synonymous correlation, etc. It also mentions nominal (subject-conceptual, attributive) and verbal (procedural, effective) semantics. The research was based on the methods of conceptual, contextual, and comparative analysis of Russian legal texts, their classification and generalization. The research was based on Russian laws, as well as the Dictionary of Legislative Terms and Concepts, compiled by the author from federal laws.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-1098-1106
Russian rhetoric began with Mikhail Lomonosov’s Brief Guide to Eloquence (1765), which was written in the classical tradition of the Aristotelian-Ciceronian teaching about effective and persuasive speech. By the time philology had become a unified knowledge system in 1820s, Russian rhetoric stopped being a part of the trivium of verbal sciences, which also included grammar and logic, and evolved into a theory of language arts [slovesnost] that included both fiction and nonfiction literature. Its focus shifted from statement building to development and classification of the existing types and genres of literature. The science gave birth to a new discipline, namely the history and theory of literature, Nikolay Grech being one of its founders. Thus, the subject of rhetoric was mostly the principles of understanding of written fiction. Grech’s concept reflected those new trends in the development of rhetoric while focusing on the analysis of the system of Russian literature as a whole. The present research employed the methods of comparative analysis and analytical interpretation of the text. The article introduces N. Grech’s ideas about rhetorical and fictional prose, as well as his classification of prose and poetry. The author showed how the emergence of borderline, semi-rhetorical, and semi-poetic genres, changed the relationship between prose and poetry and, accordingly, between rhetoric and poetics. From a tool for creating an utterance, rhetoric gradually became a tool for analyzing a finished text.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-1028-1039
The article addresses the issues associated with increasing the reliability of research tools for value orientation studies. Despite the high demand, their methodology requires qualitative improvement. The research objective was to determine the psychometric characteristics of the Subjective Evaluation of Basic Values Realizability (SEBVR) technique. The study was based on the SEBVR technique and the Portrait Values Questionnaire-Revised (PVQ-R) by Schwartz. The data processing included factor analysis, correlation analysis, reliability analysis, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The analysis involved 1,415 respondents aged 17–29. The authors clarified the factor structure of the SEBVR technique as represented by four scales. They evaluated the reliability characteristics of the internal consistency of the scales, their construct validity, and descriptive statistics for the main SEBVR indicators. The technique proved efficient in identifying differences between male and female respondents. According to its psychometric characteristics, the SEBVR technique appeared to be a fairly reliable research tool, which makes it possible to expand the possibilities of its use in applied research related to exploring young adults’ value orientations in the age group of 17–29 years.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-921-931
The archaeological studies developed two concepts concerning the character of Tagar economy: semi-nomadic and sedentary. They are based on different approaches to burial assemblage materials, accidental findings, and general opinion on stock-raising economy in Eurasian forest-steppes and steppes. The zooarchaeological profile of Tagar settlements can resolve this argument. A high share of horse bones may mean a semi-nomadic or nomadic lifestyle, while low share of equine remains can be a sign of a sedentary economy. The research featured Tagar settlements in the forest-steppe areas of the interfluve area between the Kiya and the Chulym. The paper describes the zooarchaeological collection of the archeological site of Kоsоgol I, the largest Early Iron Age settlement in the area. The collection includes 6,634 samples, of which 687 belong to horses. The authors believe that cattle breeding was the main branch of the Tagar economy. Horses were the third most important group. However, horses were not meat animals, as bones of young horses were quite rare among the kitchen waste. The Tagars killed mature or old work horses (older than 12–13), which could not work anymore. Hunting was a secondary branch of their economy: they hunted does, as well as water and moor fowl near the settlement. The results of Kosogol I zooarchaeological assemblage study proved the theory about the sedentary cattle breeding of the early Tagar people.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-982-991
The research featured family values of the so-called Generation Z. The survey involved an authentic survey, S. S. Nosov’s Family Values Questionnaire, and the Morphological Test of Life Values developed by V. F. Sopov and L. V. Karpushina. A comparative analysis proved that Generation Z and Generation Y have both similar and different views on family values. The sphere of marriage and parenting had more differences, while the sphere of kinship showed more similarities. Representatives of Generation Z appeared to accept the idea of cohabitation; they also tended to get married relatively late in life. The gap between the optimal age of marriage for men and women proved to be quite narrow, while the age of first childbirth for women approximated that of men. In general, Generation Z shifted to an egalitarian family type. Unlike Generation Y, members of Generation Z valued spiritual satisfaction and underestimated achievements. In the hierarchy of family life values, they focused on spiritual satisfaction, self-development, individuality, and active social contacts. The research results can be used in health and family life education programs.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-952-962
The present research featured a generalized historical experience in the formation and development of a particular segment of Soviet propaganda during the early Cold War (1946–1953). The authors focused on the visual propaganda as a component of ideological impact. The study involved 240 propaganda posters and over 2,000 magazine and newspaper caricatures published in 1946–1953. The reconstruction of events was part of content analysis of the ideological and propaganda campaigns that the USSR waged as its confrontation with the West began to escalate. The concept of Soviet patriotism was the key idea in the state ideology. The analysis made it possible to specify some features of the symbolic language of visual propaganda. It also revealed the relationship between international and domestic political scenarios through certain varieties of the enemy image. The authors assessed the effectiveness of propaganda in terms of social and political attitude expressed by Soviet citizens. The authors revealed a complex of various means, which included official publications, posters, and cartoons and was used to influence the mass consciousness and form certain ideological attitudes.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-1000-1007
The article presents the performance indicators of the drug treatment service in the Russian Federation. The incidence of cannabinoid and designer drugs is growing, and so is the so-called poly-drug addiction. Thus, the value-semantic sphere of the personality of patients with poly-drug addiction requires more extensive research. The present study proved that such patients have very low awareness of personal experiences, current life situation, and goals. The poly-drug patients demonstrated a diffuse hierarchy of value orientations and a low level of comprehension of the past, present, and future values. Their valuesemantic sphere was of a malignant nature and collapsed much faster than in patients with alcoholism. The paper focuses on the psychological support of patients with drug-related disorders at the stage of rehabilitation. As part of tertiary prevention, the program of psychological support can be based on methodological principles of the value-semantic sphere of personal development. This approach makes it possible to focus the rehabilitation process on rethinking the values of personal experience, real-life situation, and future goals. The article also introduces various levels of psychological assistance, based on the rehabilitation program realized at the Kuzbass Clinical Narcological Dispensary.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-4-916-920
The review assesses the significance of A. I. Kopytov and V. M. Kimeev’s new monograph dedicated to the development of Mountain Shoria and its indigenous people – the Shor ethnos. The monograph describes the stages of the development of the Shor people, as well as the local administrative and territorial transformations. It gives a retrospective of Shoria as an object of scientific research and outlines the problem of the local industrial development. The authors assessed the prospects of museumification of the historical and cultural heritage. The present review compares A. I. Kopytov and V. M. Kimeev’s contribution to the study of Mountain Shoria with that of their predecessors and states the apparent value of the monograph.