Bulletin of Kemerovo State University
ISSN / EISSN : 2078-8975 / 2078-8983
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 544
Latest articles in this journal
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-409-417
The research featured the effect of collective and individual values of young people on their ideas about their motherland. The study was based on the following hypothesis: the ratio of collective and individual orientation is subject to fluctuations under the effect of socio-economic factors. They affect the specifics of young people's representations of Russia. The sample included students of Nizhny Novgorod aged 21–22. Of these, 120 participants (79 girls and 41 boys) were students in 2010 and 100 (62 girls and 38 boys) – in 2019. The research methods involved Schwartz’s values questionnaire and the method of free associations. The deterioration of the economic situation of most of the Russian society and the growth of foreign policy tensions proved to affect the values of young people. The students in the 2019 study had a more pronounced shift toward collective values than their peers in 2010. The lack of self-confidence suppressed the need for social recognition and increased the importance of reference groups. Students with a pronounced collective orientation had a focus on Russia's heroic past and traditions, as well as pessimistic and poorly formed views of the future. Students with an individual orientation demonstrated a greater optimism in their perception of the future of Russia, as well as a skeptical attitude to traditions and history. The study clarified the role of value orientation in shaping young people's representation of their country.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-288-296
Until recently, there has been very little information about the life of Anna Pavlovna Chetverikova, who died in 1940 in the Arlyuk branch of the Siblag. She was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church in the Council of New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church. All facts were obtained from the archival case file (1937) stored in the State Archive of the Russian Federation (File code: Found 10035. List 1. File P-17284) and the documents about the date of her death. The present article introduces the case materials and some other documents related to A. P. Chetverikova’s life. The author performed a thorough description of her biography and proved that A. P. Chetverikova was as a long-term parishioner of the Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery. The research also touched upon some prominent figures of the Russian Orthodox Church in the first half of the XX century, e.g. Archbishop Varfolomey (Remov) and Bishop Pankratiy (Gladkov). Whether Anna Chetverikova took the vow or not, still remains an open question. The research is relevant for the dioceses of Moscow and Kemerovo, since it makes it possible to add one more name to the Synaxis of the New Martyrs of the Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery in Moscow and the New Martyrs and Confessors of the Land of Kuznetsk.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-354-361
The research featured the biography of Yakov Alperovich, a prominent figure of the Siberian Soviet establishment in the 1920s–1930s. Starting at the social bottom, his career path was a typical example of the dramatic fate that befell most Stalinist officials. The article describes the main steps of his career ladder on the way to political power during the purges of 1937–1938, as well as the changes in the Stalinist politics in the 1930s, which were the ruin of the internal party relations. The author assessed the socio-political atmosphere in the administrative establishment. The study focused on the role of denunciations as a tool against the so-called hostile elements. The dramatic end of Yakov Alperovich, a district committee secretary and an editor, reflects the general tragedy of the Soviet Communists that fell victims to the Stalin's repressions. The article introduces new historical facts and expands the knowledge about Siberia in the Stalin era.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-318-328
Тhe research featured the advertising discourse of Soviet newspapers published in the second half of the 1940s. The analysis included central press and six local newspapers from various regions of the RSFSR. The research objective was to reconstruct the standards of consumer behavior and reveal the regional peculiarities of advertising discourse. The research owes its novelty to the fact that it took into account the territorial features of the newspaper advertising discourse: North-Western regions, the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East. The author also revealed the quantitative dynamics of advertising stories within the period in question. The newspaper advertising discourse proved to reflect the realities of the post-war socio-economic development of the country. In the first post-war years, the range of advertised goods and services was quite narrow, but it gradually expanded in 1948–1949. The Ural-Siberian region demonstrated a greater number of advertisements, as well as a wider range of products and services offered. In the Urals and Siberia, the level of infrastructure development was higher, including trade, catering, and services. In addition, the area was mostly urban, and city dwellers had greater purchasing opportunities.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-558-564
The article describes the most inconsistent and contradictory modal categories of obligation and necessity presented in linguistics. Many scientific papers have been devoted to the study of modality in general and its particular varieties. Interest in its research is caused by the increased attention to the role of language as a means of communication and individualization of the human thought and speech process. The relevance of the problem is also in line with the general trend of improving, ordering, and systematizing the conceptual and terminological apparatus of linguistics. Subjective modality has a multiple semantics, various means of expression, and a number of possible relationships between form and content in the process of speech functioning. These characteristics result in contradictory and confusing interpretations of these categories in science. The research objective was to determine the content basis of these modalities and show how they are interdependent. The study was based on the methods of analysis, comparison, and generalization. The article focuses on the relationship between obligation and necessity in the general field of modality, as well as on their linguistic nature. The types of unreal modality proved to be different varieties of modality with a common area of semantics and use. The author generalized an extensive theoretical material on the categories of obligation and necessity, identified their meanings, and provided a basis for further research. The results of the analysis can also be used in courses of theoretical and applied philology.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-444-454
The present research featured the typological features of psycho-social, neurophysiological, and endocrine status of 214 schoolchildren of both sexes aged 14–16. The research objective was to identify the relationship between psychosocial and physiological adaptation of adolescents. Cardiorhythmography made it possible to divide the participants according to three types of vegetative regulation: sympathicotonia, vagotonia, and eutonia. The participants were tested for indicators of neurodynamics, emotional state, and socio-psychological adaptation, as well as for cortisol and testosterone content in saliva. Intersystem interrelations were evaluated by means of correlation analysis. The teenagers with predominating sympathetic influences appeared to possess the highest degree of conjugation of social-psychological and vegetative components of the functional system: as anxiety and manifestations of social-psychological misadaptation increased, so did the ergotropic impact on heart beat rate. The vagotonic teenagers demonstrated a much lower total number of correlations, with a distinct interrelation between the increasing anxiety level and the increasing parasympathetic impact. The teenagers with eutonia had a lower number of correlations between psychological, neurodynamic, and vegetative levels in comparison with other types. The analysis revealed the following adaptive strategies in adolescents. The trophotropic hyporeactive strategy was typical of male vagotonics with relatively high levels of steroid hormone secretion. The ergotropic hyperreactive strategy was popular in the sympathotonic group, especially boys with low levels of anabolic and catabolic steroids and girls with a relatively high content of testosterone. The adolescents with eutonia proved to have the balanced strategy. The data obtained can help to create pedagogical conditions for improving the adaptive capacity of schoolchildren, as well as for the development of individual style of activity and successful learning in teenagers.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-297-306
The research featured a historical and legal analysis of functions attributed to bailiffs of forts and settlements inhabited by free peasants in the XVIII-century Western Siberia. The objective was to develop a deeper understanding of the essence of law enforcement process at a local level in the early Imperial Russia. The author relied on management documents and case records from the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts. Bailiffs appeared to have no clearly stated police functions in the related regulatory acts. The author describes their responsibilities in law enforcement, rights protection, crime documentation, surveillance, detention, interrogation, search, and escorting. The article also focuses on the three types of popular crimes in the local administrative practices. The content and peculiarities of most law enforcement procedures depended on the general tendencies in the regional and state-level administrations. By the middle of the XVIII century, bailiffs had lost most of their police powers, which were resumed by the military officers of the local regular forces.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-507-515
Статья посвящена изучению основных изменений в употреблении творительного инструментального, произошедших в русском языке в XI–XXI вв., и факторов, которые вызвали эти изменения. Исследование выполнено в рамках когнитивного подхода к языку, в частности теории концептуальной метафоры, согласно которой более сложные абстрактные понятия концептуализируются через более конкретные и доступные эмпирическому наблюдению. Материалом исследования являются тексты, представленные в Национальном корпусе русского языка, а именно в подкорпусах: основной (прозаические письменные тексты XVIII – начала XXI вв.), древнерусский и старорусский. Показано, что на изменения в употреблении творительного инструментального повлияли такие факторы, как снижение роли падежей и увеличение роли предлогов в русском языке, изменения в семантике слов, употребляющихся в творительном падеже или управляющих им, а также воздействие синтаксических моделей слов с близким значением и синтаксических моделей заимствованных слов. Продемонстрирована роль концептуальных метафор, являющихся когнитивными основаниями развития инструментального значения творительного падежа и синонимичных конструкций, составляющих конкуренцию творительному инструментальному. Было выявлено, что когнитивным основанием развития инструментального значения творительного беспредложного является концептуальная метафора, построенная на переосмыслении пространственного значения пути. Данная метафора является весьма продуктивной в русском языке, поэтому именно предложно-падежные конструкции через+винительный падеж и по+дательный падеж, инструментальное значение которых возникло на основании этой метафоры, чаще всего составляли конкуренцию творительному беспредложному и вытесняли этот падеж из семантических сфер, традиционно за ним закрепленных.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-329-339
The present research featured the content, specific features, and potential of military diaries as a historical source in the anthropology of the Great Patriotic War. The study was based on the views of the leading Soviet and modern specialists in the field of source studies and historical methodology. The author defined three approaches to the place of diaries in the classification of historical sources: 1) diaries as ego-documents, 2) military diaries as memoirs, 3) diaries as a separate group of personal documents. The research objective was to determine the potential of military diaries as a source for anthropological studies of the Great Patriotic War. The method of content analysis revealed the most important aspects for the dairy writers in extreme military environment. The biographical method based on the diary analysis made it possible to describe the image of homo militaris during the Great Patriotic War. Military diaries demonstrated a great potential for studies of war routine, healthcare, psychology, and enemy perception through the eyes of an ordinary military participant, the psychology of warring man, the perception of an enemy during World War I.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-525-532
The article reveals the role of a foreign language / languages in the context of linguistic globalization and multiculturalism. The research featured the current attitude of German society to foreign languages and cultures. The authors believe that there is no contradiction between the modern multilingualism requirements and the promotion of German in the European community as a wholesome and stable language. As borders between languages become transparent, the development of linguistic consciousness acquires a special role. The research objective was to identify the motives behind borrowing that result from the needs of modern European community. The authors also explained the cases of incomplete or impossible assimilation of borrowings in German. They revealed some characteristics of English borrowings in German. For instance, hyphenation refers to the spelling of nouns borrowed from English. English verbs acquire German forms of weak verbs and their conjugation endings. Most borrowed nouns proved to have an unstable grammatical gender, while some of them are likened to German nouns and receive inflections. The syntagmatics of English adjectives is determined by English phonetics. The authors believe that the study of linguistic globalization will be useful to those interested in the development of European languages.