Bulletin of Kemerovo State University
ISSN / EISSN : 2078-8975 / 2078-8983
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 604
Latest articles in this journal
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-44-51
A bronze knife from the burial site near Rostovka village was found in a grave under the skull bones that belonged to a nine–ten-year-old child. Sopka-2/4B Krotovo necropolis has two burials, in which daggers were found under the bones of a child and a man. This ritual might have been associated with the belief that wearing a knife around one’s neck behind one’s back could make the owner invulnerable. Necklaces and belts are known to have a similar magic function. The SeimaTurbino tradition of belt weapons still remains understudied: in fact, no belt weapon has been described for this culture so far, as the belts might have been made of wool. Various weaving techniques are based on the materials of the Sinthashta and Petrovka sites. The newly-discovered images on the Seima-Turbino knives add new information to the known ceremonial practice.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-156-165
The paper reviews the existing approaches to using digital footprints in the digital learning environment. Monitoring digital footprints of university students can help to design smart learning environment and predict models of interaction between this environment and the user. The article covers the main analysis tools that can be applied to activity monitoring in LMS Moodle, including datasets as a convenient resource for distant learning. The authors studied authentication techniques that are based not on one’s knowledge but on the confirmation of one’s digital profile. The research results revealed some personal styles and patterns of cognitive behavior that reflect students’ work in the digital learning environment. The research results can be used to develop new psychological support of activity monitoring of the digital university environment, as well as to create new effective cognitive user-friendly interfaces.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-191-201
The current reality situation can be described as atypical and caused significant changes in all areas of human life. COVID-related experiences made people revaluate themselves and reconsider their plans. The research objective was to describe the current reality situation and its effect on resilience. Because of the lock down of March-April 2020, the research was conducted as online testing and involved 131 people (female – 56 %) aged 18–75 years (18–21 years – 39 respondents; 22–35 – 50 respondents; 36–60 – 37 respondents; 61–75 – 5 respondents), of whom 74 people were single and 57 were married. The obtained data were processed using methods of descriptive statistics, while statistical analysis of differences between groups were described based on H-Kraskel-Wallis Test, Mann-Whitney U-test, and Fischer Angular Transformation Criterion. The empirical study included S. Maddi's Resilience Test as adapted by D. A. Leontyev and E. I. Rasskazova, as well as the method of Semantic Differential of the Reality Situation developed by O. V. Alexandrova and I. B. Dermanova. The authors analyzed the way the participants coped with the pandemic situation and attributed it to the type of adversities. The pandemic interrupted the continuity of life and interfered with the internal needs, e.g. motives, aspirations, values, etc. Groups with different socio-demographic background showed little difference in the way they coped with the reality situation; however, the differences in the level of resilience were more pronounced. The major difference between the groups was that a high level of resilience appeared to provide positive expectations and made it possible to see it not as critically complex. In some cases, participants with medium and low levels of resilience coped with the current situation better than the rest. The authors see the content of one’s inner work in an adverse situation as a self-organized process of understanding the situation in the context of one’s life path, gaining new meanings, and strengthening one’s resources.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-95-104
The article features the reforms of the federal structure in the 1990s and the development of the Treaty of Federation in 1992. It focuses on the practices of federal relations that appeared in the post-Soviet period both in terms of the interaction between the Federal Center and the regional elites and in the context of the classical federalism. The authors described the factors that hindered the signing of the Federal Treaty, as well as the resources the regional elite used to affect the Center. They revealed the opposite views on the concept of federal structure expressed by national and territorial subjects of the Russian Federation and described their attempts to reach a compromise in the redistribution of powers. The research objective was to determine to what degree the Center was responsible for the content of the Treaty of Federation as the regional self-identification was gaining strength and the system of center-regional interaction was changing. The authors also highlighted the role of certain social groups on the development of federal relations, showed how the actions of the Center improved its positions, and identified historical facts that predetermined the asymmetry of the Treaty of Federation. The authors believed that the new model of federal relations was a compromise between the interests of the regional elites and the central government. However, it also strengthened the positions of the Federal Center and legalized the asymmetric nature of its relations with the regions. The research was based on general scientific methods and such historical research tools as comparative and systematic methods. It also involved such interdisciplinary methods as the historical-legal and the comparative analysis of legal documents.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-123-132
The present research featured the regularities, according to which the accuracy of human movements is associated with the length of these movements and time. The author considered the speed–accuracy tradeoff problem by analyzing the procedural aspect of cognitive performance. The experiment included more than a thousand participants and was performed on a portable touch screen device that tested the subject's attitude to solving problems in terms of speed or accuracy. The research objective was to identify significantly different ways of solving the speed–accuracy tradeoff dilemma. At the fine motor level, the participants failed to accomplish a one-to-one correspondence between target area and target time. This ambiguity was a manifestation of various cognitive strategies for performing a speed–accuracy tradeoff task. The Fitts law violations were determined using a wide range of statistical methods and manifested themselves at the level of criteria analysis for the normality of data distribution, types of variance analysis, and multivariate data analysis. The cluster analysis could register various strategies for performing the speed–accuracy tradeoff task. Additional variables, e.g. professional status of the subjects, made it possible to interpret the differences according to specific skills in solving cognitive tasks and to clarify the nature of these skills.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-220-228
The article introduces legal discourse as part of a complex communicative activity. It is an integrative interdisciplinary phenomenon on the border of jurisprudence and linguistics. The research objective was to establish the constituent parts of legal discourse, which includes legal texts, related scientific literature, and other documents. Legal linguistics is a generalizing discipline that studies the interaction of language and law. The line between legal discourse and other discourses is hard to define. Legal discourse is characterized by unified subjects, procedures, circumstances, and impersonality, that is, the absence of recipient and sender, hence the abundance of impersonal verb forms and impersonal constructions. Legal texts are devoid of national marks, and the vocabulary has equivalents in other languages. The present research was the first to designate a set of texts that make up legal discourse, i.e. texts of laws, decrees, scientific literature on legal matters, various legal documents, judicial texts, texts of interrogations, court speeches, expert opinion, etc. Although legal discourse and legal linguistics have different subjects and tasks, they share the same object, i.e. the interaction of language and law. Legal linguistics is an integrative science based on linguistics and legal theory, which uses achievements of philosophy, psychology, sociology, ethics, cognitive linguistics, pragmalinguistics, linguistic conflictology, etc.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-247-255
The article introduces a comprehensive analysis of the key concepts in the Even linguistic world view, i.e. shame and remorse. These concepts are represented by the following lexical units in the Even dialects: haldyun has analogies in all languages of the Tungus-Manchu group; nyumar, nyumarin and khadarin are recorded in the Eastern dialect of the Even language; kherkehyi is common in the Lamunkhin dialect. The semantic structure of these lexemes is complex and includes similar concepts of shyness, embarrassment, modesty, and humbleness. The work used the descriptive method, the continuous sampling method, and the conceptual analysis, as well as the methods of definition (highlighting semantic features), etymological analysis, collecting and processing of field data. In the national consciousness of the Even, shame and remorse are concepts that reflect the assessment of one’s behavior in society and attitude to the world. In addition, they also demonstrate strong emotional content.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-278-285
The research objective was to identify the axiological values in uncensored free speech, i.e. natural written speech, of Soviet citizens. The axiological approach made it possible to identify individual life attitudes and values. The research featured a letter that the Kuzbass poet Mikhail A. Nebogatov wrote to the US President James Carter about the socio-political problem of dissidence. The author had no experience in professional journalism or in intercultural communication, which makes him a naive author. The text of the letter reflects the worldview and value system of the author himself rather than situational norms and pragmatic attitudes. M. A. Nebogatov represents himself not as a private person with a unique point of view, but as a speaker for the entire Soviet nation. He believed in the idea of the ideological and axiological unity of the Soviet society, hence the frequent use of the pronouns "we" and "our", as well as the general sense of self-righteousness. For him, Russian literature was the ultimate expression of the Soviet axiosphere, which resulted in numerous references to the authority of Russian writers. M. A. Nebogatov's expressive and appellative intention was to represent himself as a poet, which automatically made him the bearer of the national system of values, with Motherland and patriotism in its core. The axiological and conceptual analysis shows that natural written speech can help to identify the basic values of a social group, e.g., residents of a particular region.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-237-246
The research featured the problem of truth / falsity as properties of advertising discourse. Advertising is described both within the linguistics of lying and the interpretive linguistics. The paper introduces a linguistic study of the phenomenon of lying from the subjectivist positions, i.e. as the interaction between two communicants: the liar and the recipient of the lies. Subjectivists interpret the text as compliant or non-compliant to one’s idea of reality, i.e. the conformity to the world of thought. Advertising discourse is the object of the recipient’s receptive and interpretive activity. The authors studied the speech behavior of the interpreter of the false discourse, i.e. how the lies affected the addressee. The research objective was to prove the thesis statement that discourse of lies is determined not only by the liar and their speech behavior, but also by the recipient of the lies. The study featured two texts that differed in the extent of false and reliable information. The lying potential of the advertising discourse was studied by the method of linguistic experiment. Each advertisement was evaluated by the recipient as containing information of various degrees of falsehood. The interpretation depended on the presumptions of the recipient and their choice of either rational-logical or emotional-sensual interpretive strategy.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 23; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2021-23-1-286-296
The present paper focuses on intertextuality as a means of black humor in plays by Martin McDonagh, a famous British-Irish playwright. Nine of his plays have been translated into different languages and staged in theatres around the world. However, most theories of comic effect cannot explain the phenomenon of his popularity. This prompted the authors to search for the most accurate and least conditioned way to classify intertext as a means of comic effect in general and black humor in particular. As a result, they chose the semantic theory of humor by V. Raskin and the multidisciplinary general theory of verbal humor developed by V. Raskin and S. Attardo. These theories employ the notions of "script" and "opposition" to examine the linguistic nature of the joke. Using attributed and unattributed intertext inclusions as "signs" or "scripts", the authors analyzed McDonagh’s plays through the prism of this theory. The result was a system of scripts and oppositions that form the chronotope of a long text as opposed to that of a joke. The article also introduces the black humor mechanism in McDonagh's plays: it is based on references to the intertextual thesaurus of the potential reader / theatre audience.