Bulletin of Kemerovo State University
ISSN / EISSN : 20788975 / 20788983
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 544
Latest articles in this journal
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-409-417
The research featured the effect of collective and individual values of young people on their ideas about their motherland. The study was based on the following hypothesis: the ratio of collective and individual orientation is subject to fluctuations under the effect of socio-economic factors. They affect the specifics of young people's representations of Russia. The sample included students of Nizhny Novgorod aged 21–22. Of these, 120 participants (79 girls and 41 boys) were students in 2010 and 100 (62 girls and 38 boys) – in 2019. The research methods involved Schwartz’s values questionnaire and the method of free associations. The deterioration of the economic situation of most of the Russian society and the growth of foreign policy tensions proved to affect the values of young people. The students in the 2019 study had a more pronounced shift toward collective values than their peers in 2010. The lack of self-confidence suppressed the need for social recognition and increased the importance of reference groups. Students with a pronounced collective orientation had a focus on Russia's heroic past and traditions, as well as pessimistic and poorly formed views of the future. Students with an individual orientation demonstrated a greater optimism in their perception of the future of Russia, as well as a skeptical attitude to traditions and history. The study clarified the role of value orientation in shaping young people's representation of their country.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-362-369
The author analyzed the causes and consequences of prison escapes in Western Siberia in 1930–1945, which were a serious problem for the entire Soviet correctional labor system. The reasons behind frequent prison escapes can be summarized as follows: substandard living conditions, a complex production schedule, violent inmates, severe punitive measures for minor crimes, and relatively lenient punishment for escapes. The situation was aggravated by the negligent attitude to the service among wardens, their non-compliance with official discipline and job descriptions, as well as by ineffective use of the agent network. The escapes grew even more frequent in the late 1930s because the number of convicts increased during the Great Terror. The opposite pattern prevailed during World War II due to the general reduction of prison population during the occupation of the European Russia and the fact that some categories of convicts were allowed to enlist in the army. The fugitives posed a real threat to local residents. Once they were free, they committed murders, robberies, and rapes, which significantly worsened the difficult criminal situation in the West Siberian region. The NKVD employees of the Joint State Political Directorate of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR prevented escapes and detained the prisoners. The research objective was to establish the causes, consequences, and various forms of prison escapes in Western Siberia in 1930–1945.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-288-296
Until recently, there has been very little information about the life of Anna Pavlovna Chetverikova, who died in 1940 in the Arlyuk branch of the Siblag. She was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church in the Council of New Martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Church. All facts were obtained from the archival case file (1937) stored in the State Archive of the Russian Federation (File code: Found 10035. List 1. File P-17284) and the documents about the date of her death. The present article introduces the case materials and some other documents related to A. P. Chetverikova’s life. The author performed a thorough description of her biography and proved that A. P. Chetverikova was as a long-term parishioner of the Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery. The research also touched upon some prominent figures of the Russian Orthodox Church in the first half of the XX century, e.g. Archbishop Varfolomey (Remov) and Bishop Pankratiy (Gladkov). Whether Anna Chetverikova took the vow or not, still remains an open question. The research is relevant for the dioceses of Moscow and Kemerovo, since it makes it possible to add one more name to the Synaxis of the New Martyrs of the Vysoko-Petrovsky Monastery in Moscow and the New Martyrs and Confessors of the Land of Kuznetsk.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-533-540
Cтатья посвящена анализу соматических концептуальных метафор в русской и английской лингвокультурах. Объектом исследования выступают два макроконцепта: земля и earth / land. Предмет – авторские тексты с включенными репрезентантами исследуемых макроконцептов. Материал исследования собран в Национальном корпусе русского языка и Библиотеке Гуттенберга. Актуальность исследования обусловлена необходимостью объяснения существования целого набора соматических метафор земли в изучаемых лингвокультурах. Новизна заключается в обращении к фактам русской и английской лингвокультур в описании соматического кода в рамках исследования макроконцептов земля и earth / land. Cоматизмы выражаются посредством традиционных противопоставлений, обусловленных культурой русского и английского народов: правая сторона / левая сторона; внутреннее / внешнее; мужское / женское; единичность / множественность. Однако соматический код проявляется не только в дихотомии, но и трихотомии: передняя часть / боковая часть / задняя часть; верх / середина / низ; центр / связующие элементы / периферия. Важной чертой сравниваемых лингвокультур является наделение земли признаками одушевленности и одухотворенности. Русский макроконцепт земля объективируется соматическими признаками: бок, глаза, грудь, кишки, кость, кровь, ладони, лицо, лоно, пол, пуп, рот, руки, сердце, спина, тело, хребет, чрево / утроба. Английский макроконцепт earth / land актуализируется соматическими признаками: бок, грудь, кишки, кровь, лицо, лоно, пол, пуп, рот, руки, седалище, сердце, талия, тело, хребет, чрево / утроба.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-437-443
This article is a review of empirical studies on the topic of psychological characteristics that contribute to the incidence of myocardial infarction. Such studies are fragmented and deal mostly with the following categories: mental states, patient’s mental processes, symptoms of mental disorders, behavioral strategies, social factors, etc. The research objective was to analyze the results of empirical studies on the myocardial patients' psychological characteristics. The authors identified difficulties and contradictions in the studies. Diagnostic capabilities of type A proved no longer relevant. An analysis of the contradictions in type D studies suggested that longitudinal studies based on a initially healthy people would prove most effective for further research, as well as detailed meta-analyzes of empirical publications. The role of hostility in the genesis of myocardial infarction proved understudied by domestic scientists. As for anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction, it received enough scientific attention; however, researches do not agree about role in the development of myocardial infarction. To reduce psychological risks during cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to determine what conditions and factors accelerate or inhibit the onset of myocardial infarction when combined with personal anxiety. The authors propose to use the following samples: 1) patients with a risk of a heart attack; 2) patients after a heart attack; 3) patients past rehabilitation period. The findings indicate promising areas for future research for the prevention of myocardial infarction.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-463-470
Junior students have to adapt not only to the new educational environment, but also to the intercultural community of metropolitan universities. Russian students have problems both with categorization of members of other ethnic communities and their own self-categorization, i.e. the way they see a member of their own culture. The research objective was to determine the categorical structure of the image of a representative of their own culture in Russian students that studied in the city of Barnaul. The image depended on the predominating type of the respondents' own ethnic identity. The research methodology was based on the systematic approach to the personality analysis, J. Bruner's theory of perception, V. F. Petrenko's psychosemantic approach, and G. U. Soldatova's typology of ethnic identity. The authors employed the methods of an expert assessment, subjective scaling, and the questionnaire " Types of Ethnic Identity" by G. U. Soldatova and S. V. Ryzhova. They presented the categorical structure of the image of a member of the Russian ethnic group as factor models, or category structures, that described the representative of Russian nationality. Factor models were identified on the basis of the predominant type of ethnic identity of the respondents. Four factor models revealed that young people with a pronounced hyper-identity had a more positive view of the members of their ethnic group, focusing on their strength and strong-will. Students with average ethnic identity noted both advantages and disadvantages. Students with pronounced ethnic indifference tended to put more stress on the negative categories. Students with hypo-identity saw only negative traits in the members of their ethnic group. Therefore, behavioral patterns of interethnic interaction partially depended on the content of the categorical image structure of the representative of one's ethnic group. The authors propose several ways of developing a positive ethnic identity, which make it possible to shape an adequate attitude to representatives of one's own ethnicity and other ethnic groups.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-499-506
In modern sociolinguistics the term "italiano neostandard" ("Neo-standard Italian") has been in use for a few decades already. However, in Russian linguistic terminology it still lacks a well-established translation equivalent. The research objective was to prove that it has deeply-rooted theoretical premises. Until the second part of the XX century, literary Italian (italiano standard) was mainly used in writing by intellectual élite, and for centuries (since XVI c.) its codified norm altered little – if at all – and was only apt for high-flown language (that is what the term "Standard Italian" refers to). In modern Italy, literary language has a wide range of functions and uses, and its variation patterns have considerably changed. The new language norm typical of Neo-standard Italian is much more versatile: it takes into account stylistic, regional, and social parameters of language variation. With all that in mind, the concept of Neo-standard Italian still remains ambiguous in the sense that its relationship with Standard Italian can be seen both as one ousting the other and as their coexistence. The problem of finding a suitable translation equivalent for the term "Neo-standard Italian", thus, reflects the dubious character of the concept itself.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-418-425
The research featured relationship between self-regulation and psychological competence of future specialists. The study involved an analysis of theoretical approaches to this problem in domestic and foreign psychology. Psychological competence presupposes developed psychological knowledge and communicative abilities and skills, as well as a stable system of self-regulation that allows for effective management of one's behavior during professional interaction. The author established the features of psychological and communicative competences in students, as well as such regulatory qualities as self-regulation, self-control, and self-efficacy. The research revealed statistically significant relationships between the level of development of psychological and communicative competences and the characteristics of regulatory qualities. A cluster analysis showed three groups of students with different levels of communicative competence and regulatory qualities. The regulatory and communicative components of psychological competence appeared closely interrelated. Self-regulation, self-control, self-efficacy, and communicative skills of future psychologists were the instrumental basis for the development of psychological competence. A well-developed self-regulation helped students understand and control their behavioral reactions. It enabled them to carry out conscious and focused interaction with people in problematic professional situations, as well as contributed to the development of psychological competence during vocational training.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-340-353
The research featured the repressions of the 1930s, or the Great Purge. The article focuses on the case of the town of Leninsk-Kuznetskiy. The study was based on materials obtained from the press of that time (newspapers "Leninskiy Shakhter" and "Sovetskaia Sibir"), the State archive of the Kemerovo region, and scientific publications. The author highlighted the so-called Children’s Case and the trial of NKVD officers. Both events occurred in 1939 and marked the end of the Great Terror of 1937–1938. The repressions that took place in Leninsk-Kuznetskiy proved more severe than in the rest of Kuzbass. The author proposes several reasons for that fact. First of all, the town failed to meet the goals of industrial development during the first five-year plans, and the plans for coal mining industry were impossible. Second, the town owed its rapid increase in population to the categories that later would be called "enemies of the people". Third, the local NKVD desperately wanted to become the best in the West Siberia. The fact that the purges received abundant media coverage disproves the popular opinion that average public did not know about the repressions. The author developed an approach to newspapers as a historical source on the history of the Great Purge. If one factors in the specifics of this source, archival newspapers can be a reliable source about the Great Terror and the mechanisms of public opinion formation. However, newspapers alone cannot restore the full picture of local repressions, which requires a wide range of sources.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University, Volume 22; doi:10.21603/2078-8975-2020-22-2-307-317
Preservation of archaeological heritage objects (AHO) in Kuzbass is one of the tasks on the formation of a fund of objects of historical and cultural heritage of the Russian Federation. The paper characterizes the key challenges to AHO preservation, one of which is the so-called amateur "archaeological treasure hunting", and offers possible solutions. The research was based on law and media analysis. The contemporary legal framework of the Russian Federation provides the necessary conditions for AHO preservation. For instance, it regulates the procedure for search and extraction of artifacts from archeological sites. Amateur "archaeological treasure hunting" is illegal but extremely popular. The situation in Kuzbass stays within the national trends. However, the authors managed to define some regional specifics. First, the local treasure hunters demonstrate a high level of social publicity in their attempt to legalize their activities. Second, they focus mostly on Modern Age artifacts. The authors claim the urgency of the problem and propose a number of solutions, e.g. media marginalization of the " black archaeology", a targeted public protection of Modern Age archaeological sites, prompt interception of illegal "treasure hunting", etc.