International journal of health sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2550-6978 / 2550-696X
Published by: Universidad Tecnica de Manabi (10.53730)
Total articles ≅ 1,984
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, Davidescu Cristiana Victoria Marta
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns3.7719

Abstract:
In the socio-economic life of the fishing community in Cirebon Regency, relatively, not much has changed over time. In fishing communities there are three social classes, namely skipper, collector and fisherman. The exploitation of the skipper class and collector class against the fishing working class makes the fishing working class familiar with poverty. This fishing working class is characterized by low skills, limited capital and low education and high dependence on skipper and collectors. The objectives of this study are 1) to define the modern fishing class and the traditional fisherman class, and 2) to explain the social class that exists in the fishing community in Cirebon Regency. The design of this study used a qualitative descriptive method. The research location is in the coastal area of ​​Cirebon Regency. The number of sample members is 11 people as research informants. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling. The instrument used was an interview guide. Data collection techniques were carried out by: 1) in-depth interviews; 2) observation techniques and 3) documentation studies. The qualitative data collected were analyzed using a categorization analysis approach.
Juan Alberto Díaz Ponce Leon
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns2.7665

Abstract:
Nowadays, medical cannabis is one of the most fruitful natural alternatives as far as pain management is concerned, besides, it acquires a relevant role in the organic intervention of a wide variety of pathologies, thanks to its beneficial effects and low levels of secondary reactions. In this sense, although many European and Western nations have legalized its free use, both therapeutic and recreational, in the United Mexican States there is still a long way to go in terms of public policy and legality. The present text intends to expose the advantages of its application within medicinal contexts, as well as its general implications in a variety of daily life circumstances.
Sushma Nayak, P N Bhanuprakash, Mudassar Ahmed Shariff,
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns2.7680

Abstract:
Background: Hearing plays an important role for children in development of speech and language and socialization. Hearing impairment can have a negative impact on an individual’s social, educational, and emotional life. If not detected early, it can affect the speech and language development. Early diagnosis by newborn hearing screening methods and protocols helps in prevention of hearing impairment. Objective: The primary objective of this study was to find the incidence of hearing loss in normal and high risk neonates. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of 12 months. A total of 1200 babies including 810 normal and 390 high risk babies were enrolled into the study. All neonates underwent otoacoustic emission (OAE) test within first 3 days of birth. Those who failed in this test underwent repeat OAE after 2 weeks, followed by brain stem evoked response audiometry (BERA), when the neonates fail in second OAE. Results: Of 810 normal babies and 390 high risk babies, 65 and 103 babies showed absent OAE respectively on initial screening. On follow up, 10 and 21 babies still showed absent OAE in normal and high risk group respectively.
Mohammed Talib Abed, Nuhad Mohammed Aldoori
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns3.7694

Abstract:
Children frequently complain of pain. Even though the right to be pain-free is a basic human right, many hospitalized children do not get that right. The nurse's primary responsibility is to ensure that the patient receives enough pain relief. The aim of present study to assess the factors influencing knowledge, attitudes, and practices of nurses regarding pain management for hospitalized children. A descriptive cross- sectional study by using quantitative approach is conducted throughout the period of (25th September 2020 to 20th June 2022). It conducted at pediatric wards in Babylon hospital province, a purposive non-Probability sample consists of 300 subject was collected through a self-administration report questionnaire from nurses who work in hospitals of the Babylon province. Descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. The results showed according to mean that Are pain management standards or protocols in hospital and designated area for charting pain (mean=1.04) were the most common factors influenced pain management related to organization, and parents belief that pain medications should be given as little as possible affects nurses ability to manage pain of children (1.29) were the most common factors influenced pain management.
Deepshikha Aggarwal, Deepti Sharma, Archana B. Saxena
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns1.7707

Abstract:
The development of ICT has led to a mobile revolution. Mobile phones, internet, social networking, emails, video conferencing and much more has changed the way we work, learn and communicate (Bian M, 2015). Technology brings with itself certain challenges with respect to the harmful impact of prolonged usage of digital devices on the users’ health. People who excessively use electronic devices develop musculoskeletal syndromes. Eyes, shoulder and neck muscles, arm, and wrist are most affected with prolonged usage of digital devices. The aim of this research is to study and list the problems associated with eyes due to the prolonged usage of electronic gadgets with screen. For this purpose, 350 people (170 females, 180 males) from different ages and jobs were asked about eye health with the help of a questionnaire. The factors to detect eye strain and fatigue were collected from literature as well as through a set of interviews. The factors act as the variables for the factor analysis and random forest method has been used for classification. The results of this study implicates the factors that can be used to detect eye strain and fatigue in the users of digital devices.
Manisha Kumari, Neha Panwar
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns3.7696

Abstract:
Exostrophy of bladder and cloaca are the defects in the ventral abdominal wall caused due to failure of mesodermal invasion of cloacal membrane at 4-5 weeks of gestation. These congenital defects require multistaged repair and surgeries can last longer therefore causing repeated exposure of the baby to anaesthesia and can cause electrolyte imbalance, infection, hypothermia, coagulopathies and even mortality. We report a case of exostrophy of bladder with epispadius in a three month old child which was done under general anaesthesia and continous caudal catheter infusion of bupivaciane in intraoperative and postoperative period which helped in providing opioid free analgesia thus avoiding their respiratory depressant effects and aided in the early recovery of the baby.
Paula Medina Poeta Fermino, , Anna Paula Piovezan, Verônica Vargas Horewicz, Daniel Fernandes Martins, Rodrigo Dias Nunes
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns1.7671

Abstract:
Purpose: How can progestin influence the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 level in the peritoneum with endometriosis? Methods: A cross-sectional study with a laboratory analysis carried out in tertiary hospitals in southern Brazil with clinical-demographic data compilation and sample collection of peritoneal lavage and a peritoneum biopsy from 40 patients — 22 with endometriosis (11 with progestin and 11 without it) and 18 in the control group — was conducted. For the sample analysis, the ELISA was performed, and a comparison of the average IL-10 concentrations by ANOVA followed by Bonferroni was carried out. Results: There was a higher concentration of IL-10 among patients with endometriosis compared to the control group (p ≤ 0.05), and statistical significance was observed with a reduction of IL-10 in the peritoneal lavage of patients with endometriosis in the use of progestin (8.1 ± 7.4 pg/ml) compared to those with endometriosis without using progestin (17.9 ± 10.5 pg/ml). Considering the disease stage, a higher level of IL-10 (p ≤ 0.05) was observed both in the initial stages (12.1 ± 10.5 pg/ml) and in advanced stages (15.4 ± 9.7 pg/ml) compared to the control (1.7 ± 1.8 pg/ml), which was significantly higher for advanced endometriosis.
, Saumya Nanda, Ashank Mishra, Kommuri Kavya Reddy, Yella Ramya, A Kiranamye
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns1.7703

Abstract:
Introduction: The aim of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between periodontitis and breast cancer in a sample of adult Brazilian women. Material and Methods: This was a hospital-based study, which included 67 cases and 134 controls (1:2). Women were selected consecutively between April, 2013 and June, 2015 among those attending the Department of Gynecology at the University Hospital of Santa Maria. Cases were selected among women diagnosed with breast cancer (ICD-10 C50), and controls were matched for age (T2 years), and smoking status (never, former and current smoker). Conditional logistic regression was used to model the association between periodontitis and breast cancer with and without adjustment for potential confounders. Four case definitions for periodontitis were used. Results: Cases had significantly greater clinical attachment loss than controls (P=.04). After adjusting for important covariates, women diagnosed with periodontitis had two to three times higher odds of breast cancer than women without periodontitis depending on the case definition of periodontitis (P<.05). Conclusions: A significant association was observed between periodontitis and breast cancer.
Arshad Ayub, Basanta Kumar Behera, Dayanidhi Meher
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns3.7689

Abstract:
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is growing rapidly worldwide and is reaching epidemic proportions. Epidemiological data indicate that all nations, rich and poor, are suffering from the impact of the diabetes epidemic. Effective care of diabetes with pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods is required, but it is impossible to control diabetes and its complications, as well as mortality, without strong compliance or adherence to therapy. Aims & Objectives to study the compliance rate of the patients with type 1 & 2 diabetes to the prescribed medications and to find out its association with different socio-demographic factors and other patient characteristics affecting compliance. Methodology: A cross sectional observational study was done using a pre-designed, semi-structured, and pre-tested questionnaire. Patients' clinical and socio-demographic data, were obtained. The Morisky medication adherence scale (MMAS-8) was used to assess adherence to prescribed medications. Results: Overall compliance was very low (6%) and it was associated with education, Rural or urban dwellings, female gender and lower socio economic class. High compliance was associated with better glycaemic control.
, Shelly Sharma, Pradnya S Jadhav, Abhimanyu Singh, Nitish Chandra Gupta, Sriram Choudary Nuthalapati
International journal of health sciences; https://doi.org/10.53730/ijhs.v6ns1.7676

Abstract:
Introduction: Cleft of lip and palate are most common serial congenital anomalies to affect the orofacial region. It can occur isolated or together in various combination and/or along with other congenital deformities particularly congenital heart diseases. Patient with oro-facial cleft deformity needs to be treated at right time and at right age to achieve functional and esthetic well being. The cleft palate is one of the most common congenital anomalies treated by plastic surgeons. The cleft width increases the tension of repair and necessitates excessive dissection that might affect maxillary growth. Decreasing the width of cleft minimize tension, dissection and may limit the impact on maxillary growth. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of nasal layer closure of the hard palate at the time of cleft lip repair in patients with complete and incomplete cleft lip and palate, to demonstrate the efficacy of narrowing the gap and to reduce the incidence of fistulae or other complications. Material and Methods: Sixty patients less than 1 year of age were included in this prospective observational study.
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