International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development

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EISSN : 2187-3666
Total articles ≅ 314
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Xiangyang Wu, Mingzhi Chen, Yurong Zhang
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 200-218; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_200

Abstract:
In the perspective of urban design, the open space performance for mass fitness activities is the objective of this study. Lixiang Park, popular for mass fitness activities for residents in Shenzhen, was selected as a case study. The fitness activities are divided into two categories, track sports and field sports, according to their different spatial characteristics. Inspired by the literature review, the study procedure is established by evaluation with on-site observation and questionnaire. Through the on-site observation at Lixiang Park, the data of the fitness activities and the preference of places were collected and analyzed by observation counting method and behaviour annotation method. On the other hand, a questionnaire survey was done at Lixiang Park with its fitness people as the subjects in order to obtain the data on their perception and satisfaction. Analyzed by SPSS, the results of these two kinds of data both revealed the high performance places. Finally, the open space system with good performance for mass fitness activities in an urban park in Shenzhen, including a loop road, fitness equipment court and lawn, etc.,is inferred by the case study. However, it will be testified by more cases later. Open spaces for mass fitness activities play an important role at human health and well-being, and it is also positive for maintaining social sustainability.
Mengge Du,
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 73-91; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_73

Abstract:
At present, Japan is facing the problem of increasing medical demands caused by an aging society. The imbalance between supply and demand makes the efficiency of medical services particularly important. In this context, a new medical facility, medical malls, has emerged in recent years. Different from independent clinics, the medical mall is a facility that integrates multiple medical functions and provides multi-disciplinary treatments for patients. In order to verify the effectiveness of this new medical facility and explore its relationship with the urban environment, this paper first identifies the medical malls in Fukuoka City and studies their characteristics, then the SBM model was used to calculate the medical efficiency of the clinics in the 75 medical malls, compared with the independent clinics. Finally, the research analysed the spatial distribution of the medical mall efficiency and the spatial regression with the surrounding urban environment. The results show that the medical mall is a more efficient facility, and population density of the young and the working-aged, the number of main roads, total construction area, the proportion of residence and commerce, and the number of the other medical facilities have significant impacts on the medical efficiency. This research proposes a method to evaluate the effectiveness of utilization of medical resources. Through the evaluation of medical efficiency and the analysis of the urban environment affecting efficiency, this paper provides data support for the site selection of medical malls and the rational layout of urban medical facilities.
, Yassine Bada, Carmelo Maria Torre, Alessandro Bonifazi
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 131-147; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_131

Abstract:
Gender segregation is considered a significant problem in the modern period, where urban planning may play a role in facilitating male and female use of public spaces, or overlook their different needs in the city. Urban spatial use has been linked to many factors in previous studies. One important factor to consider here is the pattern of land-use and its capability of affecting the movement behaviour of people in the city. In space syntax theory, it has been assumed that the distribution of shops exists to take advantage of people’s movement, which is generated by the urban structure itself. In this regard, this paper aims to identify the factors behind land-use segregation between shops for each gender in the city centre of Biskra, and whether this has resulted in gender segregation in urban spatial use, leading to the distinct location of services within the city centre, creating men’s and women’s spaces. This investigation has been conducted by using surveys of shops as well as syntactic analyses, paired together in order to reach an understanding of this phenomenon. The findings showed that at a global scale, the higher the street is integrated, the higher the land-use mixture tends to be, while at a local scale there was no correlation found in term of men’s and women’s segregation of land-use, which may rather be related to locals using their prior knowledge of a space rather than the information cues provided by its structure.
, Yassine Bada, Christian Pihet
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 38-57; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_38

Abstract:
In Algeria, people with disabilities often struggle with the inaccessibility of cities. These problems are related to accessibility and physical barriers in the urban environment, and have a negative impact on the lives of people with disabilities, who are prevented from carrying out daily tasks and from moving freely in attractive and desirable places. This paper aims to examine the correlation between the accessibility and attractiveness of public spaces for people with disabilities. It analyses both the factors influencing their itinerary choices in public spaces and the impact that the spatial and social dimensions of the urban environment may have on their daily movements. This paper’s qualitative analysis begins with an in-situ survey conducted in the city centre of Algiers; it looks at how people with disabilities use public spaces, using an analysis based on commented walks as well as interviews with a group of disabled people. The second part of the paper focuses on a description of the study case, using space syntax techniques and depthMapX software. This analysis allows us to ascertain both the level of accessibility of the Algiers public space, and the parameters influencing the mobility of people with physical disabilities. It reveals that people with disabilities lack optimal travel choices, and that their movements are determined by the physical accessibility of the space, rather than by its attractiveness and/or usefulness.
, Kazi Farha Farzana Suhi, Maisha Mahboob, S.M. Nahian Islam
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 256-273; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_256

Abstract:
Owing to rapid and uncontrolled urbanization and intense centralization, Dhaka has been experiencing extreme urban environmental and social problems in residents’ everyday lives. The purpose of the study is to understand the perception of the residents of Dhaka city and determine the quality of life from the perception of its citizens. Individual responses from 224 respondents have been evaluated qualitatively using the Likert scale method. The variables or as called dimensions influencing the livability of urban environment are studied under 8 domains- environment quality, social life quality, quality of health and education economic satisfaction, quality of transport and mobility, recreational quality, quality of utility services, governance quality. The subjective evaluation of QoL (Quality of Life) in Dhaka city has come out almost homogenous, respondents graded almost all the services to be Poor to Very Poor; especially negative feedback and judgments for almost all dimensions were observed among environment, utility service, transportation and government service relates issues. While analyzing using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), the variables had a higher correlation among themselves meaning maximum proportion of respondents had similar responses regarding these. These results indicate that Dhaka is far away from being a livable city where the quality of life is concerned despite having all modern amenities for the residents.
Hynda Boutabba, Samir-Djemoui Boutabba, Mohamed Mili
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 235-255; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_235

Abstract:
The eastern Hodna, presented to the late 1990s a landscape marked by modest rural homes. In the early 2000s, this region was subjected to an accelerated process of economic changes, which had let appear a new domestic architectural framework, commonly called "DiarCharpenti”. The goal of this paper is to focus on the internal space layout of this new type of houses and decrypt its identity and emergence. Thus, the key question of this investigation is to see whether, or to what extent, their spatial structure is in consistency with the domestic architectural repertoire of this region. The methodology used for the investigation is based on two different approaches. The first one is qualitative: typology (Panerai, Demorgon, & Depaule, 2002). The second approach is quantitative: the space syntax (Hillier, 1996). The verification of the comparative parameters called upon a new method that we developed ourselves: the counting of the integration / segregation percentage. This research has shown that ancestral models of Hodna are, indeed, the ascendant types of 70% of specimens, which proves that the spatiality of "DiarCharpenti" is therefore rather primitive than original. This article was able to provide information on the architectural elements which have always represented for the Hodni, through generations, a real consensus, and has shed light on the new design preferences which now form the new style of the Hodna. This could help those responsible for the "act of building" to better design and plan residential housing in these rural Algerian regions.
Xiaolong Zou, Shihan Ma, Sihan Xin
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 58-72; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_58

Abstract:
The smart city (SC) has become the new megatrend in sustainable urban development and enjoys worldwide popularity. After thoroughly reviewing the relevant literature, two clusters of smart city concepts/notions are observed. One cluster focuses on information and communication technologies (ITCs) and their application, while the other focuses on improving quality of life via ITCs. To better assess SCs in a regional context, we have summarised the key features and components of SC and proposed a comprehensive SC framework comprising two objectives, six domains and two means of implementation. Moreover, we selected and compiled specific indicators under each SC domain and applied an analytical hierarchy process for indicator weighting in the case of Kitakyushu City, Japan. The outcomes of this paper provide several insights into the methodological approaches for developing and evaluating SC projects for stakeholders such as urban planners, scholars, community developers and policymakers.
, Yassine Bada, Valerio Cutini
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 92-110; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_92

Abstract:
This work is part of an ongoing research on the impact of urban structure on public squares in Bejaia city (Algeria). This paper will investigate the relationship between the configuration of the urban structure and the use and attractiveness of public squares in Bejaia city. Assuming, from space syntax theory, that urban space configuration extremely effects people’s movement patterns (through-movement space or to-movement space), this study is then carried out to find the correlation between the spatial use of squares and the syntactic properties of the urban structure in which they are embedded. To achieve this goal, the document relies on two approaches: qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative approach is based on the in-situ observation of two public squares by establishing behavioural maps, and on semi-structured interviews. While for the quantitative one, it is based on the method of space syntax concerning the syntactic and isovist properties. The study uses calculations using Depthmap. This paper will present the investigation process and the results of the case study, which show that the use of public squares in Bejaia city depends strongly on the syntactic properties of the urban structure in which each square is embedded, besides its functional properties.
, Elham Shrifian
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 111-130; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_111

Abstract:
This study examined how to generate demand for predictive user flow models, which enable designers to anticipate human activity in public spaces. Data were collected via observations, interviews, and photo analysis to assess the status quo and answer study questions. These data serve two purposes: first, to calibrate an accurate user activity pattern, based on actual data for many months, to examine the relationship between human activities and space, and second, because the data is longitudinal, to test how accurate our forecast is. If the city knows where changes in activity patterns occur and where those changes affect the physical dimension of public space, it can prioritize investments in better public areas and ask developers to contribute to better public spaces rather than broader roadways.
, Jaššo Matej
International Review for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Volume 10, pp 19-37; https://doi.org/10.14246/irspsd.10.2_19

Abstract:
Urban waterfronts have undergone a long process of evolution, and their functions, designs and primary uses have naturally developed along their entire length within cities. Unique character areas have emerged alongside rivers. They serve as key elements in building the city–river relationship, and represent valuable spaces with various identities that complement each other while contributing to the overall identity of the city. However, the unique place identity of the river and the city–river relationship are underestimated and not formally established. The development of waterfronts is often uncoordinated, and their full potential remains unexploited. To understand the character and nature of a particular place, the connotations that its users ascribe to it must be examined. In order to define the character elements that form the basis of the identity of waterfront character areas, we conducted a questionnaire survey and a socio-spatial analysis. The study defined the character areas of the Bratislava waterfront, highlighting their variability, distinct characters, functions, and utilisation. A vision for each character area of the Bratislava waterfront was formulated based on the defined character elements. A sensitive approach to the development of unique character areas of waterfronts can bring diversity, sustainability and inclusivity, and provide reasons to visit the river space. Character areas of waterfronts should be preserved and developed with a long-term vision while respecting the specific identity of a given place.
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