Journal Information
EISSN : 1212-9097
Published by: Masaryk University Press (10.5817)
Total articles ≅ 176
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Latest articles in this journal

Michal Zvarík
Published: 16 June 2021
Pro-Fil, Volume 22, pp 28-38;

The article is addressed to the issue of conscience in the thought of Hannah Arendt and to the question under what conditions conscience can become manifest in the public sphere. The article is divided into four parts. The first renders Arendt’s motivation to reconsider the concept of conscience, which results from an endeavour to come to terms with the nature of political crimes of the 20th century and the banality of evil. In the second part, two constitutive qualities of conscience are presented. On the one hand, conscientious Self adopts a negative distance from moral rules held by wide society. On the other hand, it positively relies on self-interest, that is, on non-contradiction in relation to oneself. Both of these crucial qualities of conscience arise from the activity of thinking. The third part addresses the conflicting relation of individual conscience to the public sphere. In the final part, the author asks the question whether the concept of conscience can be politically justified and sets the conditions for a defence of freedom of conscience in the public space.
Jan Štěpánek
Published: 16 June 2021
Pro-Fil, Volume 22, pp 53-55;

Book review: Luca Incurvati, Conceptions of Set and the Foundations of Mathematics. Cambridge University Press, 2020, 238 s.
Matěj Dražil
Published: 16 June 2021
Pro-Fil, Volume 22, pp 1-16;

Folk psychology as the basis of our capacity to explain and predict behavior is one of the main topics of the philosophy of mind. However, the discussions surrounding it have focused primarily on the questions of its status in the scientific study of the mind and the form of its constitutive mechanisms (theory, form, etc.). Relatively less attention has been paid to the question of its content – which concepts or abilities to sort under the label “folk psychology”. I will focus on the question of content and one possible answer to it given by the pluralist view of folk psychology. First, I will provide some arguments questioning the standard view of folk psychology and then I will introduce the pluralist view, which broadens folk psychology by a number of social cognition abilities. Finally, I will briefly focus on the consequences of this broader construal of folk psychology for the questions of status and form.
Karel Šebela
Published: 16 June 2021
Pro-Fil, Volume 22, pp 17-27;

The paper intends to examine some philosophical assumptions and consequences of the so-called sortal identity. The topic of sortals earned the attention of philosophers in the 1960s, especially in connection with P. Geach's book Reference and Generality. The topics of identity, its possible dependence on certain predicates and especially the question of identity criteria subsequently became the subject of an intense philosophical debate. In this context, different concepts of sortals will be outlined. The philosophical significance of sortals lies primarily in the question of individuation and (re)identification of objects. Among sortal theorists, a debate has erupted as to whether some sortals are necessarily connected with individuals, i.e. if it is true that if an individual falls under one sortal, then it cannot fall under another. The positive answer is based on classical Aristotelian essentialism, the negative answer is defended by anti-essentialists. In addition, a hierarchy of sortals is often built in sortal logic, where sortals can (or must) be in the relationship of subordination to another sortal and it is even possible to consider the possibility of the highest sortal as a sortal that is no longer subordinate to any other. Here a direct connection with the Aristotelian hierarchy of categories is offered. Analogies with this doctrine will be the subject of a final comparison.
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