Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades

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EISSN : 2318-8472
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Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 10, pp 16-31; https://doi.org/10.17271/23188472107520222848

Abstract:
The conditions that existed in 1964 allowed the foundation of the Housing Finance System and the National Housing Bank (BNH), which led to the creation of large social housing projects the Housing Companies (COHABs). These projects were implemented to reduce the pressure for housing on the classes with lower purchasing power. This article aims to evaluate housing projects of social interest implemented in the 1980s through the BNH in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, analysing their implementation and consequences. The document analysis method was used on data characterising the occupied areas. The BNH action was significant due to the number of housing units delivered in the period, which benefitted 13,028 families, 58,626 people. The model followed considerably reduced the housing deficit, but also led to the formation of urban voids; this was related to the fact that the BNH is a central decision-making body at the federal level. Housing construction used areas in regions that were unattractive for the formal real estate market, in places far from the centre, which were often located on the banks of streams, outside the urban perimeter. This situation made it difficult for the population to access service, mobility, supply, and urban facility networks. At the end of the period evaluated, the need to improve public policies aimed at social housing became evident, in future avoiding some mistakes made in the implementation of housing projects in the city.
Jessica Rodrigues Tiseo, Marta Enokibara
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.17271/23188472107520223127

Abstract:
At the beginning of the 20th century, the city of São Paulo had three Hortos: the "Horto de São Paulo", better known as Horto da Cantareira, created in 1896 by Alberto Löfgren; the Horto do Museu Paulista, which was first planted in 1898 by the Museum's director, Hermann von Ihering; and the Horto Oswaldo Cruz, created in 1917 by the botanist Frederico Carlos Hoehne. All of them no longer exist with their original functions, but they preserve, in their spaces, some built and plant elements that are testimonies of the creation of these places. In this context, this article aims to make a brief history of these gardens, their insertions in maps of the time, the investigation of the fate they had and some components that preserve their memory today. Methodologically, the research used textual, cartographic and iconographic references present in primary documents, articles, theses and dissertations, as well as in the sites that house these places, in order to assess the objectives to be achieved. Through the material collected, it was possible to visualize and understand the locations of the mentioned gardens, their current uses and remaining elements.
Walberlena Maria Lucena da Fonsêca, Eduardo Antônio Maia Lins, Diogo Henrique Fernandes da Paz, Daniele De Castro Pessoa Melo, Alessandra Lee Barbosa Firmo
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 10, pp 32-46; https://doi.org/10.17271/23188472107520222847

Abstract:
Civil construction activities promote a considerable increase in waste generation which negatively impacts the environment. Although there are sustainable technologies and practices for reusing these wastes, the disposal and inappropriate destination of these wastes still prevails. Faced with this problem, this article presents a development of indicators to assess sustainability at construction sites. Thus, 30 sustainability indicators related to solid waste management at construction sites were prepared, divided into six matrices, and related to construction management, documentation control, waste segregation and initial conditioning, waste transport and final conditioning, final destination and hazardous waste management, as based on CONAMA Resolution no. 307/2002. The indicators composed six sub-indices to enable assessing sustainability and the composition of a final sustainability index. The diagnosis of the result by group of indicators shows that the focus on waste transport and final conditioning obtained the highest sustainability degree by the projects studied, while the lowest degree of sustainability presented by the projects was observed in the construction waste segregation and initial conditioning matrix.
Victor Garcia Figueirôa-Ferreira, Tatiane Borchers, Ricardo Augusto Souza Fernandes
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213033

Abstract:
With the aim of identifying approximation points and gaps to be filled in efforts to relate research on smart and sustainable cities, this study made use of bibliometrics and scientometrics to materialize information retrieved in searches conducted in academic databases. Starting from the literature in both fields, it was sought to visualize from the quantitative data, the recent state of researches that have this objective, where it was analyzed that: (i) research that relates these fields is still incipient, and is on the rise; and (ii) there is still a technocratic prevalence and a detachment regarding theoretical advances. Both the quantitative results and the literature support these assertions, and in conjunction with the keyword clouds, one can better visualize viable opportunities on different research fronts.
Célio Henrique Rocha Moura, Felipe Moura Hemetério Araujo, Caio Coelho Silva Albuquerque
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213025

Abstract:
From the perspective of United Statian preservationism, where the presence of human beings in areas understood as natural was opposed, the first protected areas in Brazil appear at the threshold of the discussion on the protection of the country's ecosystems, where the dichotomy between man and nature is admitted, and through which instruments for the management of Brazilian biomes and ecosystems are developed. This article discusses the nature management model in Brazil, contrasting traditional management (through the provisions of the National System of Conservation Units / SNUC and which reverberates to State and Municipal Systems) and the conservation management, understood as the modality of management that acts on the patrimonial dimension of nature. This discussion permeates the definitions of Natural Significance, Conservation and Natural Heritage in the Australian Natural Heritage Charter (IUCN, 2002), and through the example of the Mata do Engenho Uchôa Wildlife Refuge (RVSMEU), a state conservation unit by the State System of Conservation Units of Pernambuco / SEUC, it is discussed how the current ecosystem management plan approaches and distances itself from the conservation management of its heritage values.
Carmen Lucia Pezzette Loro, Eriberto Oliveira Do Nascimento, Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213026

Abstract:
As diverse as the knowledge transmission techniques aided by multimedia resources are, nothing replaces the teacher-student relationship, which is developed in the classrooms. Therefore, classrooms must offer the necessary conditions for the satisfactory development of teaching and learning activities. In this context, the importance of classroom acoustics is highlighted. The Speech Transmission Index (STI) is one of the broadest and most important parameters to measure speech intelligibility. STI weighs the effects that can cause deterioration on the voice signal, such as the reverberation time and background noise. This work presents an evaluation of the acoustic performance of classrooms using the STI. For that, three constructive patterns were evaluated. The constructive models were named 010, 022 and 023. Students and teachers answered a questionnaire about the perception of noise in the classroom and at school, and the constructive pattern 023 was studied. Computer simulations were performed with ODEON software to precited STI. The results of the measurements and the questionnaires revealed that the noise that disturbs the activities in the classroom comes from the school itself, not only from the other classrooms, corridors and adjacent patios, but also from inside the classroom itself.
Angela Tereza da Silva, Weverton de Oliveira, Evaldo Ferreira
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213077

Abstract:
This pandemic portrayed the country's social and economic inequality in terms of health services, work and social distancing. It was found that the spread of Covid-19 on a global scale is favored by the circulation of infected people and/or objects; changing the circulation in many land and air borders that needed to have restricted and/or closed accesses, including, the reduction and even the suspension of travels inside and outside countries, whose displacements are by road, rail, river and sea. In view of this, the search for measures to face the pandemic within the various socio-economic contexts, such as in this case of urban mobility, for example, the occupancy limit of 50% of seats in intercity transport and the mandatory use of masks. Urban mobility permeates as a social right and essential service, which needs to continue to function with due health care. It is necessary to maintain social distance and take due care. For the country to remain in this confrontation, it is necessary to guarantee democratic access to the city, together with measures to protect social actors from contamination by the New Coronavirus.
Samantha Junqueira Moreira, Warde Antonieta Da Fonseca-Zang, Cecília De Castro Bolina, Stella Alonso Rocha, Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213027

Abstract:
In hospital environments, high noise levels can result in damage to patients' treatments, delaying their rest and recovery. The sound pressure level (SPL) in hospital areas during the day must not exceed 50 dB and 45 dB (A) at night, according to NBR 10.151/2019. This research aimed to carry out environmental monitoring of equivalent sound pressure levels (LAeq) at fifteen points in the vicinity of three hospitals in the central region of the municipality of Umuarama-PR, during working days, at four different times, in the months of August, September and November 2018 and continued in March 2019. To this end, we sought to map the LAeq of the points, compare them with data from municipal and federal legislation and relate the LAeq to the volume of vehicular traffic. The collected SPL were higher than recommended by NBR 10.151 at all times and measurement points, during the week, and when considering the municipal regulations, only one point is in the equipment's accuracy limit. From the statistical analysis, a very strong correlation was observed between LAeq and the total volume of vehicles, and also a strong correlation between the descriptors L10 and L50 and the volume of vehicles. The Traffic Noise Index (TNI) was also calculated and the LAeq values ​​were compared with a subjective noise rating. The results show a scenario of noise pollution in the area and there is a need for the application of mitigating measures.
Bruna Rodrigues Guimarães, Antonio Pasqualetto
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420212835

Abstract:
The demand-responsive public transport Citybus 2.0 was an innovation not only for Goiânia, but for all of Latin America. Created in 2019, this new way of getting around the city is intended to be a substitute for individual motorized transport, encouraging sustainable urban mobility. In order to analyze this new means of transport in the capital of Goiás, an online questionnaire was applied, which had 217 responses, of which 130 are users and 87 are non-users. The questionnaire had ten questions, two of which were general and eight with the purpose of collecting information on user satisfaction regarding the service provided by the new mode of transport. As for the perception of satisfaction, the items related to the cost and service range had the worst ratings.
Lucas Do Nascimento Souza, Evandro Fiorin, Laís Da Silva Rodrigues
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297420213021

Abstract:
How to analyze urban areas in the contemporary modern city upon the plurality of forms of appropriation of public spaces? This paper seeks to contribute to qualitative studies on urban perception through the method of cartography. Thus, this writing does not deal with the search for information or data collection, but with the immersion in the ongoing process present in the territory of the old railway bed in the city of Bauru-SP. The text highlights a research practice little explored in this spatial cutout, which tends to contribute to the impact on urban perception and future interventions in this area, as the decanted sociospatial layers are revolved and an urban imaginary little explored is accessed through the development as a research modality.
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