Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades

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EISSN : 2318-8472
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João Paulo Campos Peixoto
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202725

Abstract:
The present work seeks to demonstrate the cultural significance of modern landscaping through Manoel Bonito Square, in the city of Araguari (MG). The history of this public free space is recovered as a fundamental element of the city's history. Manoel Bonito Square is historically the most important public space in the urban layout in the city of Araguari. Although the uses and appropriation have decreased and the role of the square as a leisure space has been transformed, its value is still latent for the population that sees it as a place of affection and memory. In addition, Manoel Bonito Square is a project of the architect João Jorge Coury, who stands out, as from the 1950s, as a diffuser of modern architecture in the region of Central Brazil. This work aims, therefore, to recognize the value of the square as a modern design and document of an important historical period in Brazilian architecture, with the final purpose of stimulating its preservation.
Daniel De Oliveira e Souza, Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202727

Abstract:
Noise is nothing more than air pollution caused by increased vibration in the air. Environmental noise is the noise in the environment generated by several simultaneous sources, with the exception of occupational noise, with emphasis on roadway noise, construction noise, railway noise and aircraft noise. Aircraft noise is the noise generated mainly by aircraft operation at airports. Aircraft noise exposure causes considerable damage to life quality, health and well-being of the population near airports. As with all forms of pollution, noise must also be managed through the application of methodologies for identifying sources and receivers, highlighting, among the existing ones, the measurement of environmental noise and acoustic mapping of the area. The objective of this work was to verify the existence of aircraft noise in the area directly affected by Bacacheri Airport, in Curitiba, through the measurement of acoustic parameters and acoustic mapping. For this purpose, the Bruel & Kjaer 2238 sound analyzer and the Soundplan 8.0 software were used to measure aircraft noise and acoustic mapping, respectively. The results indicate that there is intense to moderate aircraft noise in the area surrounding the airport, as well as quantify the population exposed by the noise pollution generated at the airport being affected by the negative impacts. It is concluded that there is need for the airport to provide noise mitigation measures recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
Luiza Paes De Barros Camara de Lucia Beltramini, Paulo César Castral
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202733

Abstract:
The article proposed here reports on reading the master's student's research object using the iconological method created by the German historian Aby Warburg - the Atlas. The research in question has as the main object the reading of works that have the ramp as an architectural notation, a concept created by the Swiss architect Bernard Tschumi. Starting from a quick elucidation on the theoretical basis of the mother research, the process of building the universe of works is explained through searches in large portals for the dissemination of architectural projects, and those that meet the requirements created by the author are selected. Following the initial clarifications, there is a clarification of the German historian's methodology when composing the method that today is known as Atlas. Even though Atlas is a great help tool, it was concluded that secondary analyzes are necessary to bring the researcher closer to objects so that categories are created and from these object-works are highlighted for a more detailed assessment. All of these analyzes are carried out to find these object-works that will be studied to understand the ramp as architectural notation in post-World War II projects.
Tatiana Casali Ribeiro Mendes, Karine Dias De Jesus, Antonio Ferreira Colchete Filho
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202726

Abstract:
This paper regards the relationship between urban furniture, the access to drinking water, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Fundamentally, the coronavirus widespread has highlighted all kinds of social inequalities, including the poor access to potable water in some nations. Given that, one can ask how urban furniture may possibly make a difference regarding this specific matter. Hence, the present study aims to mind the manufacturing of specific urban furniture for the COVID-19 pandemic in countries where urban planning is inadequate and potable water is exclusive for some. In order to analyze these concerns, this paper adopted a qualitative approach and it is both a bibliographic and documental research. Additionally, reports produced by Brazilian Department of Health and official government data on sanitation and urbanization were extensively examined. In conclusion, urban furniture is a relevant mean for fighting the Sars-CoV-2 pandemic and its consequences to vulnerable populations.
Lidiane Aparecida Alves
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202731

Abstract:
This article aims to reflect on the indicators and indices of the Atlas of Human Development in Brazil - Atlas Brasil, as an instrument for the knowledge of reality. In order to achieve this objective, a bibliographical survey was carried out on the theme, covering the international and national scales, in addition to the information provided by Atlas Brasil. It is noteworthy that by making available to all citizens on an interactive platform, easy to access and understand, Atlas Brasil is an important instrument to be suitable for promotion and monitoring, from national to local scale, of human development in the country. Due to the autonomy of Brazilian municipalities to achieve their public policies / services, the knowledge of intra-municipal heterogeneities, which affect development, for example, on the scale of “neighborhoods”, is useful to intervene in priority areas more precisely. This is already possible for metropolitan regions, perhaps soon for all Brazilian municipalities. Furthermore, the importance of providing and using information is ratified to increase people's choice and freedom to transform the reality in which they live.
Mariana Patty Guilger Primos, Marta Enokibara
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202729

Abstract:
The Andrade e Silva station and Forest Garden were installed, respectively, in 1895 and 1939 in the municipality of Avaré, as support for the operation of the “Estrada de Ferro Sorocabana” [Sorocabana railway]. With the change in the layout of the tracks, the surroundings of the station, which was configured as a prosperous urban center, became a rural neighborhood, and the Forest Garden an Ecological Station. In this context, the article aims at the mapping and conservation status of the architectural remnants still present in these locations. The specific objective is to provide subsidies for public policy decision making: Review of the “Plano de Manejo da Estação Ecológica de Avaré” [Avaré Ecological Station Management Plan] (EEA), belonging to the “Instituto Florestal” [Florestal Intitute] (IF) of the São Paulo State government, and the “Plano Diretor Municipal de Avaré” [Master Plan of the Municipality of Avaré]. Methodologically, it focused on primary documentation (Railway Reports, IF Reports, notary's certificates and legislation), cartographic, iconographic documentation, interviews and on-site visits to map the area in relation to its original composition (period of the railway) and the current situation. The survey enabled the mapping of the architectural remnants present in the neighborhood, in the EEA, as well as the original route that had been taken by the railway. The iconographic rescue allowed to pinpoint the location of buildings that no longer exist. The survey made it possible to ascertain that some architectural remnants present in the EEA have been restored (chapel), others need restoration (in the neighborhood and elements along the old railway track bed), but all need to be integrated into a joint policy between city and state, as they are important part of the history, memory and culture of the municipality of Avaré.
Marcos Venancio Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Lui, Renato Cymbalista
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202732

Abstract:
The tenements, since the 19th century and until currently, 2020, are an alternative housing for the most vulnerable population who cannot afford to pay for better housing. In this article we will review the literature with bibliometric analysis of what has been published that is most significant with a focus on the city of São Paulo. The research was carried out in the main academic document bases available for public access and free of charge, Google Scholar, Scielo and Directory of Open Access Journals and includes doctoral thesis, master's dissertations, undergraduate monographs, graduate conclusion works, scientific articles and publications. When analyzing the production in the tenements, we divided it into three main categories: the tenement as a complaint; the tenement as a potential; and the tenement as a reality. Of the forty-nine in the scientific literature, 57% fall into the complaint category, 30% into the potentiality category and 12% into the reality category. This subject has been studied by different lines in courses from the most varied areas of knowledge, passing through architecture with more than 51% of scientific literature, and passing through engineering, geography, sociology and even philosophy, showing its interdisciplinary nature. From the analysis and the observed gaps, we present possible directions for future research.
Claudio Nelson Mateus Lucas, Maximiliano Dos Anjos Azambuja
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202739

Abstract:
This work presents part of the theoretical framework about the thermal properties of lightweight concrete.The cut of scientific production, in the period from 2009 to 2019, represented by scientific articles in the Scopus and Capes databases will be presented. This is a review of the main methodological tools used by the various authors to determine the thermal conductivity of lightweight concretes.Research shows, in general, different light aggregates for the production of concretes, such as: expanded clay, airgel, perlite, glass, polypropylene fiber, palm bark oil, expanded polystyrene and gum tragacanth. The main methods and techniques for the evaluation of thermal conductivity were: guarded hot plate method and hot wire parallel technique, among others. The results of thermal conductivity of lightweight concrete ranged from 0.04 W / (m.k) to 2.6 W / (m.k), and in all studies they were satisfactory demonstrating the technical feasibility of the production of lightweight concrete.
Marina Pannunzio Ribeiro, Kaline De Mello, Roberta Averna Valente
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202730

Abstract:
Protected Areas (PAs) have been implemented to preserve the remnants of native vegetation, playing a fundamental role in biodiversity conservation. For PAs to be potentially efficient, they must connect to other PAs and/or other remnants in the anthropic landscape, with the matrix permeability being an imperative factor in the dispersion of species, seeds, and pollens. The study's objective was to delineate an ecological network of protected areas inserted in an urban landscape. Geoprocessing and Graph Theory techniques were used to assess functional connectivity between PAs. The focus species used were forest birds, which are endemic to the Atlantic Forest. The information about dispersion capabilities came from the consultation of experts and resulted in a resistance surface. The dispersion model simulation in the landscape resulted in the least-cost path (LCP) and designed the urban ecological network. The LPC was characterized considering the buffer equal to 100m width. The resistance values for each land-use/land-cover, representing endemic bird species of the Atlantic Forest, were equal to one for the native forest located within the PAs. The LCPs were designed by 136 connectors, mostly by native forest (61.3%) and anthropic grasslands (21%). The riparian forests are an essential part of the LCP. The promotion of connectivity between PAs in an anthropic landscape needs the effectiveness of ecological restoration and/or conservation actions and matrix permeability analysis. The connection between PAs by ecological networks must be implemented as a conservation strategy in cities concerning the current era of urban expansion.
Marcela Luana Sutti, Maria Solange Gurgel De Castro Fontes, Renata Cardoso Magagnin
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 8; doi:10.17271/2318847286820202740

Abstract:
Historically, Latin America has accumulated problematic issues regarding the quality of social housing, as it does not meet the minimum standards (requirement) of adequate housing listed by the United Nations. These problems are identified through non-compliance with certain parameters and quality indicators, therefore, there is a need for further research into the evaluation of housing quality. Based on this understanding, this paper presents a systematic review on how the quality of social housing has been assessed in Latin America. The “Systematic review method” was applied on the Scielo and CAPES periodic platforms, based on the selection of articles that fit the theme and (was) carried out in the stages of: scope definition, planning of search words, systematic research, screening of results, eligibility, and discussion of the results. The sample obtained consisted of 34 articles, within which, a concentration of publications centered on Southern Brazil and the presence of seven different thematic approaches, which indicated the multidisciplinarity of the subject, highlighting the method of ‘Post-Occupation Assessment’, in addition to gaps in scales-based assessment of housing and in the consideration of quality parameters classified as essential by UN-HABITAT (2015).
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