Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades

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EISSN : 2318-8472
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Glauco De Paula Cocozza, Maria Eliza Alves Guerra
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212785

Abstract:
The main objective of this study is to explore the influence and reflexes of urban and environmental legislation on the production, configuration, and distribution of urban open spaces. The work is based on the premise that, over the last years, legislation has played an important role in the composition of the urban spatial mosaic, especially regarding the need and obligation of all new lots to reserve, in the lottable land, a minimum percentage of open spaces, understood in this research as the road network, public recreation areas, permanent environmental protection areas, municipal easements and property easements. The object of this observation are the urban lots approved by the city of Uberlândia since 2000, a period in which several factors forced the city to adjust to the new urban development instruments and to the master plan, mainly the city’s rapid growth, also a result of the growth of the Brazilian real estate market. We applied the morphometric methodology, using the QGIS software to quantify open space and analyze measurements and rates of the morphological elements based on the legal parameters. The result was the identification of the way open spaces were designed in the analyzed projects, their spatial relations, morphological typology and distribution patterns, uncovering recurring patterns that characterize the landscape of many medium-sized Brazilian cities.
Marcelo Ribeiro Tavares, Lilian Fessler Vaz, Madalena Cunha Matos
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212771

Abstract:
A city is made of multiple places. Notably, Rio de Janeiro's Copacabana is full of many features that contribute to its worldwide recognition. In this context, this paper aims to highlight the intimate link between the beach and volleyball. In order to do so, the methodology consists of bibliographical research. The historical and theoretical data collection allow the analysis of government programs related to enhancing the practice of sports and leisure. It is known that leisure activities (and their regulations) in Copacabana Beach Boardwalk have definitely changed over the last hundred years. Ultimately, this research concludes that volleyball at the beach is worth special attention since it is a piece in the puzzle of Rio de Janeiro’s landscape and a great urban social activity.
Frederico Braida
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212838

Abstract:
This paper regards Brazilian colonial cartography and iconography, especially the ones related to Rio de Janeiro. It aims to establish said cartographic material as a solid record for researches on Rio de Janeiro’s early urbanization. In order to achieve that, this study relies on qualitative research and it has an exploratory character. Furthermore, this is both bibliographic and iconographic research regarding the data collection. At first, there are considerations related to overseas exploration, the “Discovery of Brazil,” and the founding of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro. Then, the article discusses the meaning of “cartography.” Finally, the present study advocates for the relevance of charts, plans, and maps concerning colonial Brazilian cities as they provide aid in comprehending the Rio de Janeiro we live in today.
Ulisses Lírio, Andreza Portella
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212856

Abstract:
This research presents a bibliometric overview of the state of the art around the world regarding carbon emission and control of particulate matter, focusing on keywords, connection networks between author, countries, and quantitative and temporal analysis of publications. The method used was based on the features of the software Vosviewer version 1.6.15, and data extraction for processing of the Scopus database resulting in a sample of 102 papers between the years 2010 and 2020. The results show that research on the topic is still recent and there is no scientific homogeneity in the approaches, they also show that oriental researchers are the ones with more connection networks and although researchers in general are not very connected, the general used keywords have many connections, with emphasis on the term “particle (of particulate matter)” most used in average in 2018. China has 3 lines of research: 1. passive removal through plants like sea lettuce but with little influence; 2. removal using technology such as washing filters and technological Nano; 3. technological with coating made of metallic materials capable of capturing carbon. The western, in general, led by American research, uses passive solutions, by removing pollutants with different types of plants and seeking to find value for the tons of carbon removed by the plants.
João Victor Garcia de Senna, Renata Cardoso Magagnin, Maria Solange Gurgel De Castro Fontes
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212862

Abstract:
Tourist cities, in addition to offering places of attraction, must have quality spaces, with pedestrian-oriented infrastructure to ensure comfort, safety, accessibility, among other aspects that contribute to increasing local attractiveness. However, for this to happen, it is necessary that these cities know the reality of the pedestrian-oriented infrastructure available, through accurate surveys, which can be done on site and/or through online digital tools. In this context, this paper shows results from a study on the quality of pedestrian infrastructure on an important avenue in the tourist city of Barra Bonita, a city in the Midwest of São Paulo. The methodology incorporated the use of the spatial quality index of the pedestrian environment (IQEAP), developed by TONON (2019), and the virtual tools of Google Earth and Street View. The analysis of the results showed that the evaluated area has "Regular" IQEAP and, therefore, needs improvements in aspects involving the three pedestrian environment plans aimed at the pedestrian scale. The results also show negative aspects in relation to the virtual form of data survey (technical audit), which is not very accurate due to the dates of the images, absence of precision tools, and low image resolution. However, significant positive aspects can be highlighted, such as the reduction of survey time on site (in situ), and the use of fewer financial resources. Thus, this method can facilitate the survey of data in places of difficult geographical access, dispersed, large or distant areas, and thus become an innovative and practical option.
Karmem Julya Miron Batista, Allan Jayson Nunes de Melo, Maria Carolina Duarte Marques Soares, Simone Rosa Da Silva
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212769

Abstract:
With the growth in water demand worldwide, cities are experiencing increasing difficulties to guarantee the public supply of drinking water. Therefore, the search for alternatives that replace the available sources needs to be disseminated. An alternative to reduce the demand for drinking water is to use the Rainwater harvesting system. This work analyzes the feasibility of implementing a system for capturing, storing, and distributing rainwater for non-drinking purposes in three standard projects of the National Fund for the Development of Education in three locations in the state of Pernambuco: Recife, Caruaru, and Petrolina. To achieve this objective, local rainfall data, the catchment area used and the demand for non-drinking water in the building were analyzed. Then, sizing calculations of the storage reservoir were performed by different methods. The time for return on investment was considered satisfactory for all types located in Recife and for the 1-room type in Caruaru and Petrolina, considering the benefit from the system in the long term. Therefore, the typologies of 6 and 12 rooms in Caruaru and Petrolina were excluded since they had a return time of more than 24 years. The advantages are not only financial, but also environmental, cultural, and educational.
Alvaro Jose Dias, João Paulo Leonardo De Oliveira
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212811

Abstract:
Nowadays, Smart Cities are one of the most debated and discussed subjects related to urban development. Various technological and innovative processes are being integrated into society’s everyday life, aiming at fulfilling the new demands for a sustainable growth that is led by the citizens, by and large. In this context, the infrastructure sector figures as one of the most important points to reach that goal. This paper seeks to study the applicability of the Building Information Modeling (BIM), and of the Geographic Information System (GIS) to Smart Cities, highlighting the main potentialities and challenges of the utilization of these processes. The study will be realized through a literature review of the most relevant works, focusing on the integration of technologies and placing the concepts of City Information Modeling (CIM) in the discussion. It is our understanding that the adoption of CIM concepts by city managers, and by the entire construction sector, could be an important step in the development of Smart Cities around the world.
Vinícius Pereira Corrêa, Daniel Conforte, Luiz Antônio Rozendo Pereira, , ,
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847297020212807

Abstract:
O sistema de transportes é hoje um dos principais fatores que redefinem os domínios das cidades médias brasileiras, por possibilitarem a estruturação de redes de fluxo de produtos e pessoas. Dentro deste sistema, o transporte público urbano (TPU) tem como função assegurar o direito à cidade, promovendo a mobilidade urbana de cidadãos e a inclusão social. No contexto da cidade de Juiz de Fora, MG, desde 2013 há um cenário de insatisfação dos usuários perante os serviços prestados pelas empresas de ônibus, com protestos defendendo a estagnação da tarifa e melhores condições de transporte. Diante disso, buscou-se analisar o número de passageiros de TPU em Juiz de Fora, considerando fatores que influenciam este contingente. Utilizando dados de 2013 a 2019, o número de passageiros de TPU foi estabelecido como variável primária, sendo relacionada a três variáveis secundárias: (a) preço da tarifa, (b) frota de carros particulares e (c) população municipal. Observou-se uma queda da variável primária enquanto houve um crescimento das secundárias. A correlação entre as variáveis foi verificada pelo método de Correlação de Pearson, o qual apontou correlações fortes entre os três pares. Para maior compreensão da queda do número de passageiros de TPU considerou-se ainda a influência de outros fatores, como a introdução dos serviços de transporte sob demanda na cidade e a troca do consórcio de ônibus urbano, ambas ocorridas em 2016. Desta forma, este trabalho refere-se às primeiras análises sobre o tema e aponta possíveis caminhos para o futuro do TPU.
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847296920212700

Abstract:
The COVID - 19 virus emerged in China and has spread to all areas in Brazil, including the Amazon River Delta, where the population lacks essential services. Thus, this article aims to characterize the dispersion of COVID-19 in the small municipalities of the Amazon River Delta, which have fewer than 50,000 inhabitants, detailing the towns' situation. Covid-19 data provided by the health departments of the states of Amapá and Pará, and census data from the IBGE, were used to create maps of the disease for the Delta's municipalities. The virus circulated rapidly to the smallest localities, where the health service and sanitary conditions are precarious, leading to a severe contamination rate. Together with other known aspects, this is yet another opportunity to show the regional needs and the importance of public policies for this population.
Bruna Rodrigues Guimarães, Antônio Pasqualetto, Júlia Pereira De Sousa Cunha
Revista Nacional de Gerenciamento de Cidades, Volume 9; https://doi.org/10.17271/2318847296920212784

Abstract:
This article has the objective of presenting what is urban mobility and to show how public policy is primordial for the population’s quality of life and for the planning of Brazilian cities. The right to come and go is a citizen’s right that has been harmed for years by an urban policy aimed at improving private motorized transport. In the last seventy years, the policy of mobility in Brazil has been aimed at the motorized transport and its infrastructure. Only in 2012 with Law NO. 12.587 from the Política Nacional de Mobilidade Urbana (National Policy of Urban Mobility) can we see an incentive for non-motorized transport and collective transport. Even with this stimulus, little has been seen in terms of betterment in the eight years the Law has been applied.
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