Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research

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ISSN / EISSN : 1735-9066 / 2228-5504
Published by: Wolters Kluwer - Medknow (10.4103)
Total articles ≅ 1,045
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Kolsoom Zarei, Amir Musarezaie, Elaheh Ashouri
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 289-294; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_284_20

Abstract:
Patients with Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer experience a range of physical and psychological memorial symptoms after developing cancer and beginning to receive medical care. The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-compassion and the experience of memorial symptoms in patients with GI cancer. This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in July to August 2019. The study sample included 190 patients admitted to Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital, with GI cancer who entered the study by convenience sampling. Data were collected using a patient demographic information form, Neff's Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), and the Memorial Symptoms Assessment Scale (MSAS) and then analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient in SPSS-20. The mean (SD) total score of self-compassion was 86.67 (16.65) out of 130, and the mean (SD) total score of memorial symptoms was 1.40 (0.64) out of 4 in patients with GI cancer. The most frequently reported physical symptom was lack of energy, with an 86.84% prevalence, and the most frequently reported psychological symptoms included worrying and feeling nervous, with 70.52% prevalence rates. The total score of self-compassion was inversely correlated with the total score of memorial symptoms, the score of psychological symptoms, and the score of physical symptoms. Furthermore, the total score of the memorial symptoms was inversely correlated with the scores of all the self-compassion components (p < 0.001). Cancer patients had memorial symptoms in both physical and psychological domains. These symptoms decrease with an increase in self-compassion, so compassion-based educational interventions by nurses can be used to reduce these symptoms.
Seyed Hamid Seyed-Bagheri, , Mahlagha Dehghan, Fazlollah Ahmadi
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 324-331; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_118_20

Abstract:
Teamwork in the health care domain is the preferred mode of care delivery. Few instruments have been developed to assess teamwork in the field of health care, particularly in Iran. This study aimed to validate the Persian version of the Team Assessment Questionnaire (P-TAQ) in care for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) patients. In this cross-sectional study, the validity (face, content, and construct validity) and the reliability (internal consistency and stability) of the cross-cultural adaptation of the Persian version of the Team Assessment Questionnaire (P-TAQ) were assessed. The P-TAQ had adequate face and content validity. The confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the seven dimensions of the questionnaire. The internal consistency of the P-TAQ was 0.91, and the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was 0.89. The P-TAQ is a valid questionnaire in terms of dimensions and items. Assessing teamwork is an essential component of delivering adequate care. By examining the status of teamwork using this questionnaire, it is possible to promote teamwork and to understand its strengths and weaknesses. Future research is necessary to better understand the P-TAQ so that it can be used for the assessment of teamwork outcomes regarding patient safety, cultural barriers, and medical errors.
Mohsen Torabikhah, , Amir-Hossein Monazami Ansari, Amir Musarezaie
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 310-315; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_291_19

Abstract:
Patients undergoing orthopedics surgery experience the most severe postoperative pain. The fasting time is a factor that affects this complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of fasting time reduction by using oral carbohydrate on postoperative pain and analgesic consumption in orthopedic patients. This randomized control trial was conducted between November 2017 and December 2018. Sixty-four patients were randomly assigned into the intervention (which consumed 200 mL of the 12.50% carbohydrate, 2 h before the surgery) and the control group (which was fasted from midnight). Postoperative pain was measured by visual analog scale; the amount of the consumed analgesics was also recorded. The data were analyzed by using Chi-square and t-test. The mean (SD) of the pain scores in the control group immediately and 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 h after consciousness were 7.19 (2.64), 6.69 (2.17), 6.31 (2.05), 6.16 (2.08), 6.06 (2.24), and 5.38 (1.86), respectively. These scores for the intervention group were 7.44 (1.48), 6.31 (1.25), 5.72 (1.17), 5.59 (1.43), 5.25 (1.13), and 4.97 (1.57). The mean of the pain scores between two groups was not different (p > 0.05). The amount of the consumed morphine (t61= -2.10, p = 0.039), pethidine (t62= -2.25, p = 0.028), and diclofenac (t62= -2.51, p = 0.015) were significantly different between the two groups. The pain intensity in the patients with shortened fasting time was lower, but it was not statistically significant. Moreover, reducing fasting time by using carbohydrate significantly reduced the use of analgesics.
Azadeh Nouri, , Leila Jouybari, Fariba Taleghani
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 349-354; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_274_20

Abstract:
Respectful relationship among nurses is an important influencing factor of positive work environment and nursing outcomes. Disrespectful interpersonal behaviors set the scene for an unpleasant and unhealthy workplace in nursing. This can be harmful to persons and their organization and affect health care outcomes. This study was designed in order to search for contextual barriers to respectful behaviors in the context of nursing. This study was a focused ethnography that was carried out in medical-surgical wards of Shahid Chamran Hospital in Isfahan in 2018-2019. The data collection method consisted of 140 h of participant observation and semi-structured interviews with 34 informants. The nformants comprised 29 nurses, 2 assistant nurses, a physician, and 2 patients who were selected by purposive sampling. The first author of the study made direct observations as an outsider. The data were analyzed by Spradley's method. Three main categories and eight subcategories were obtained from data analysis that are as follows: 1) Personal self: challenges of perceived respect (negative self-concept, unpleasant feelings, and ineffective communication), 2) Organizational-based perceived disrespect (poor organizational climate, inadequate job condition, restrictive organizational structure), 3) Social self: challenges of showed respect (implicit social norms, cultural gap). Individual and social attitudes, interactive communication, and organizational factors are the contextual determinants of a respectful workplace in nursing. Consequently, improving self-concept and effective communication skills as well as adjust organizational conditions and value conceptualization in society may effect a respectful workplace in nursing.
Samira Foji, Eesa Mohammadi, Akram Sanagoo,
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 342-348; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_178_20

Abstract:
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common autosomal disorder; the criteria for the diagnosis of NF1 includes café au lait spots, freckling, and Neurofibromas (NF). Skin symptoms have a major impact on patients' Quality of Life (QOL) but little is known about the burden of the disease on patients. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with NF. Using purposive sampling, 20 participants were enrolled in this qualitative content analysis study. The study was carried out between 2019 and 2020. Unstructured interviews and field notes were used to gather data. Data collection was stopped when data saturation was achieved. Data analysis revealed 14 subcategories and 4 categories including “failing and falling behind in life”, “deprivation and restriction”, “social isolation”, and “ineffective adaptation to the disease”, which indicate the perception of patients with NF. In addition to the physical burden due to physical complications and problems, NF imposes a high degree of psychological and social burden on patients causing mental conflicts, which in turn results in them failing and falling behind in life. These findings illustrate the need to develop strategies and use multidisciplinary approaches to support patients, and thus to reduce the burden of NF.
Nayerhe Namazi, Firozeh Mostafavidarani, Amirmansour Alavinaini,
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 355-360; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_297_19

Abstract:
The positive impact of post-needs assessment training on the correction of eating habits is remarkable. The aim of present study was to determine the relationship between cognitive-behavioral processes and stages of change in nutrient use in overweight women referring to health centers in Isfahan. The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017 during a three-month period. Using systematic random sampling, 260 overweight women referring to Isfahan comprehensive health centers were chosen. Data collection was performed by a four-part researcher-made questionnaire including demographic information form, stages of change of behavior, cognitive and behavioral processes questionnaire, and standard 168-item Food Frequency Questionnaire. After confirming its validity and reliability, it was completed by the researcher. Data were then entered N4 software perfect and analyzed using descriptive and analytical tests (ANOVA and Bonferroni Post-Hoc). 59.30% of the subjects were in an inactive and 40.70% in an active phase. There was a significant difference with respect to different stages of change and the use of all behavior change processes (F4= 11.42, p < 0.001). The rate of using cognitive and behavioral processes increased during the nutrient change behavior (p < 0.001). The results of the study showed that moving away from pre-contemplation stage to maintenance phase increases the rate of using these processes that is due to the stability and improvement of changed behavior. Therefore, health plans should be designed based on the stage of the target group.
Mohammad Abdi, Elmira Khademi, Mohammad Saeidi, Shahram Piri, Robab Mohammadian
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 361-367; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_268_19

Abstract:
Emotional Intelligence (EI) is necessary for personal and professional success. This study aimed to determine the relationship between EI and quality of nursing care from the viewpoint of nurses and patients. This descriptive correlational study was conducted using convenience sampling to select the patients (n = 300) and census sampling to select the nurses (n = 100) at Amir Alam Hospital in Tabriz, Iran, in 2018. The data collection tools were the Quality Patient Care Scale (QUALPAC) and EI test by Bradberry-Greaves. Data analysis was performed in SPSS Version 20, using t-test, ANOVA, Chi-square, Pearson's correlation test, and multivariate analysis. The mean (SD) score of EI was 91.17 (12.33) in nurses, and the mean (SD) score of nursing care quality was 184.01 (37.41) and 202.22 (22.30) from the viewpoint of patients and nurses, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two viewpoints (p = 0.652). However, there was a significant correlation between the nurses' EI and quality of nursing care (r = 1.00, p < 0.001). The educational level was the strongest predictor of increase in nursing care quality from the patients' viewpoint, according to the multivariate analysis (β = −0.27, p < 0.001). EI positively affects the quality of nursing care and its dimensions. Therefore, it is recommended that nursing policymakers consider educational programs to strengthen the nurses' EI and enhance the quality of nursing care. Patients, similar to nurses, can be proper indicators of the quality of nursing care; accordingly, simultaneous use of these indicators is suggested.
, Zahra Ghasemi, Mohsen Torabikhah
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 303-309; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_163_18

Abstract:
Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the prevalent diseases in the world with several complications including diabetic foot ulcers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of peer support on foot care in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was performed at selected centers of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2017. Fifty patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups. Five 30-min. supportive training sessions were held for the intervention group by the peers and during 35 days. Foot Care Confidence/Foot-Care Behavior Scale For Diabetes (FCCS-FCB) was completed by both groups before, immediately after and 1 month after the intervention. Collected data were analyzed using Chi-square, Mann–Whitney, repeated measures ANOVA and t-test. Results: Mean (SD) age of subjects was 56.46 (7.36) years old Mean (SD) score of self-efficacy (F2, 26 = 54.71, p < 0.001), preventive behaviors (F2, 26 = 28.46, p < 0.001), and potentially damaging (F2, 26 = 27.89, p < 0.001) had significant differences between the two groups immediately and 1 month after the peer support. Conclusions: Peer support can enhance foot care behaviors in diabetic patients. Therefore, using people who are successful in the education and support of patients has a significant role, and nurses can use them as a support in the field of care and follow-up. However, health agencies are responsible for providing the patients with the best guidelines, and these results can be useful as an evidence for them.
, Mahnaz Sanjari, Hamid Peyrovi
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 25-33; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_5_19

Abstract:
Background: Diabetes is a disease that affects all family members. Parents of children with type 1 diabetes are always concerned about all aspects of children's life. The aim of this study was to elucidate the process of managing children with diabetes in the family. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative grounded theory of a doctoral dissertation, which was done on 2016. The 18 participants were selected through purposive and theoretical sampling until data saturation. The main participants in this study included parents, siblings, and children with type 1 diabetes. The data was gathered by semi-structured interviews as well as field notes and memos. Data analysis was done concurrently with data collection in four levels, including data analysis for concept and contex, bringing the process into the analysis, and integration of categories according to Corbin and Struss (2008). Core category appeared at the end of integrated categories. Results: “The family with diabetes in the child's diabetes orbit” as a core category contains the process of managing children with diabetes within the family, which included three main subcategories, including “entering into the diabetes orbit”, “movement into the diabetes orbit”, and “living into the diabetes orbit”. Conclusions: The family through the concept of “The family with diabetes in the child's diabetes orbit “as a main concern of families with diabetes suffering diabetes attempt to select and practicing appropriate strategies and manage diabetes and children with diabetes.
, Devan Kanitha
Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, Volume 26, pp 285-287; https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.ijnmr_124_20

Abstract:
Background: Incivility in the workplace drowns the mental health of the nurses and hampers the daily routine. The majority of the nurses working at hospitals were experiencing incivility. It affects the physical and psychological health of the nurses. Experience of workplace incivility and its impact on stress and turnover among nurses was discussed in this study. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional survey approach was used to select 50 nurses by simple random sampling technique. Standard scales for incivility, stress, and pre-tested scale for the turnover intention was used to collect the data. Result: Nurses experience incivility in their workplace almost from all the sources. The majority (64%) of the staff nurses had a moderate level of stress and 30% had average intention to leave the present job. There was a positive relationship found between the experience of incivility and stress (r = 0.43, p < 0.002), stress, and turnover intention (r = 0.40, p < 0.004). Conclusions: Experience of incivility provokes stress among the nurses, and this may influence turnover intention.
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