Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 19937989 / 19937997
Current Publisher: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 205
Current Coverage
DOAJ
Archived in
SHERPA/ROMEO
Filter:

Latest articles in this journal

Ihor Zanevskyy, Olena Bodnarchuk
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 18-24; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.03

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to create a model of interaction between steps/day counts regarding genders, seasons of a year, and days of week. Material and Methods. Totally 74 of 4-th grade pupils (38 boys and 36 girls) from three primary schools in the industrial city were involved into the pedometer investigation. All the students were good healthy, and they participated in the schools’ lessons of physical education according to the common program. Pedometer determined physical activity was measured during a day using fitness tracker band. The measurements were done during one academic year using three full weeks (a week in autumn, winter, and spring). ANOVA was used to determine differences between samples grouped according days of weeks. Results. A strong significant difference between counts of steps during days of week for boys (p = 0.006) and smaller for girls (p = 0.052) were discovered with corresponding parts in the total variation (62.5 and 46.0 %). The same significant differences were discovered between mean counts in seasons (p = 0.053, 0.037) with corresponding parts in the total variation (14.5, 22.8 %). Rather significant variations of interaction between days of week and mean season results took place for boys (23.0%) as well for girls (31.1 %). Conclusions. During evaluation of physical activity in children based on steps/day counts, interaction between gender, season, and day of week should be taken into consideration.
Vitalii Kashuba, Yuliia Tomilina, Nataliia Byshevets, Inna Khrypko, Olha Stepanenko, Igor Grygus, Olga Smoleńska, Svitlana Savliuk
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 12-17; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.02

Abstract:
The purpose of the study is to determine the dynamics of pain intensity in different parts of the spine in women of the first mature age under the influence of pilates. Materials and methods. 64 women took part in research. The women were divided into two groups, each of which included 32 people. The study was carried out at the Sokol sports club and the Olimp fitness club in Kiev. We used the questionnaire “Visual analogue scale of pain”. Results. We measured the level of pain in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine of women of the first mature age. It was found that only 4.69 % of women do not have pain. It was found that women of the first mature age the most often feel painin the cervical region. The women of the control group were engaged in a typical Pilates program. The women of the experimental group were engaged in the author’s program, a feature of which was the use of large equipment during classes. In addition, women who could not attend classes were offered the Pilates computer program. For the experiment, no statistically significant difference between the level of pain in different parts of the spine of women was established. After the experiment, a statistically significant decrease in the level of pain in the lumbar section of women in the experimental group was recorded compared with women in the control group. Conclusions. The results indicate the effectiveness of large equipment to reduce the level of pain in the back of a woman.
Svitlana Savliuk, Vitalii Kashuba, Victoria Romanova, Sergiy Afanasiev, Nataliia Goncharova, Igor Grygus, Rafal Gotowski, Ihor Vypasniak, Andrii Panchuk
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 4-11; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.01

Abstract:
Purpose. The research has developed and substantiated the algorithm for implementation of corrective and preventive measures in the process of adaptive physical education of pupils with special needs (visually impaired children with postural disorders). Materials and methods. Twenty-eight ten-year-old visually impaired children with postural impairments (scoliotic posture or round back) participated in the experiment. Theoretical analysis, synthesis and generalization of scientific literature, Internet resources, pedagogical experiment, visual posture screening (Bibyk, Kashuba, Nosova, 2012), photography, testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. The developed algorithm of corrective and preventive measures corresponds to the aim, objectives, conditions, principles, forms, didactics, control measurements, and criteria of effectiveness. During the implementation of the algorithm for corrective and preventive measures in the process of adaptive physical education of visually impaired children with postural disorders in the experimental group, there was a statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvement of the indicators of the posture bio-geometric profile and physical characteristics: strength endurance at significance level p < 0.05 and vertical body strength at significance level p < 0.05 and p < 0.01. Conclusions. The results of the researches have confirmed the effectiveness of the developed algorithm for corrective and preventive measures, namely: improvement of the posture bio-geometric profile and increase in the level of physical qualities of visually impaired children with postural disorders. Quantitative changes at the level of p
Olha Ivashchenko
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 32-41; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.05

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to find methodological approaches to the development of a research program in modeling the process of teaching physical exercises, motor abilities development and pedagogical control in schoolchildren’s physical education. Materials and methods. The total number of schoolchildren involved in the experiment was: 6-10 years old – 465 (240 boys and 225 girls); 11-13 years old – 430 schoolchildren (205 boys and 225 girls); 14-16 years old – 221 schoolchildren (122 boys and 99 girls). To achieve the purpose set, the following research methods were used: modeling, systems approach, methods of theoretical analysis and generalization; pedagogical testing, methods of recording the respiratory system state, observation and pedagogical experiment; methods of mathematical analysis (logistic and asymptotic functions); mathematical methods of planning multifactorial experiments. Factor, discriminant, and regression analyses were performed. Results. The research program of modeling schoolchildren’s physical education includes the development of factor, discriminant, and regression models to obtain new information for planning and managing the processes of teaching physical exercises, motor abilities development, and pedagogical control in schoolchildren’s physical education. Conclusions. Modeling is an effective tool for studying the regularities of motor training and for developing physical education programs for children and adolescents. In the program of modeling schoolchildren’s physical education, initial data, study object, research methods must meet the following conditions: parametrical description (formulation of tasks, consideration of physical components, analysis of coefficients); initial data (information potential, reliability, accuracy, quantity); methods (similarity, accuracy, implementation time, coincidence with control criteria).
Oleg Khudolii, Olena Kapkan, Sergii Harkusha, Svitlana Marchenko, Viktoriia Veremeenko
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 42-48; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.06

Abstract:
The study objective was to substantiate the modes of alternation of physical exercises and rest intervals when teaching series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 15 years. Materials and methods. The participants in the study were 40 boys aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning. During training, the method of algorithmic instructions was used. Results. The study found that the effectiveness of mastering series of training tasks depends on a mode of alternation of exercises and rest intervals. The results of analysis of variance and regression models show that the optimal mode of performing series of training tasks is within the range of 6-12 exercise repetitions with rest intervals of 60-120 sesonds. In the proposed matrix of factorial design, the selected step of factor variation is sufficient to study the impact of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching children and adolescents. Conclusions. The best options for teaching series of tasks to boys aged 15 during physical education classes are the following: series 1 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60–120 s; series 2 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 3 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 4 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 5 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 6 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s.
Mykyta Tkachenko
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 49-55; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.07

Abstract:
The study purpose was to determine the impact of physical education classes on the dynamics of motor fitness of 5th-6th grade students. Materials and methods. The study participants were 17 5th grade boys and 17 6th grade boys. The study used the following methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing and methods of mathematical statistics for processing the study results. Thematic planning of educational work was carried out based on the updated physical education curriculum for 5th-9th grades of general educational institutions. Results. There are statistically significant changes in the 5th grade boys’ results of educational standards: Test 2 “Shuttle run 4×9 m (sec)” and Test 4 “Standing long jump (cm)” (p < 0.05). The results in Test 2 improve by 6.2 %, in Test 4 by 7.1 %. There are statistically significant changes in the 6th grade boys’ results of educational standards: Test 2 “Shuttle run 4×9 m (sec)” (p < 0.1) and Test 4 “Standing long jump (cm)” (p < 0.05). The results in Test 2 improve by 4.4 %, in Test 4 by 12.9 %. Conclusions. Discriminant analysis revealed that by the multivariate mean the boys’ motor fitness at the beginning and end of the school year is classified as two different states. This indicates a positive impact of physical education classes on the dynamics of motor fitness of 5th and 6th grade boys.The level of schoolchildren’s motor fitness depends on coordination and speed-strength training carried out during physical education classes.
Victor Koryahin, Oksana Blavt, Oleksandra Vanivska, Volodymyr Stadnyk
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 25-31; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.04

Abstract:
The study objective is to substantiate and implement modern electronic automated monitoring systems to improve the testing of speed-strength abilities in the process of physical education. Materials and methods. To solve the research tasks used the methods of comparing and contrasting are used and analysis, synthesis, abstraction, formalization and technical modeling. Results. The developed capacitive sensor device for control of speed-power abilities is presented. The device is built on a combination of modern nanotechnology and microprocessor systems. As part of the device, the array of active electrodes with digital output registers an input signal from a marker placed on the monitoring object and whose position changes during the exercise. Then the digital signal through the interface and the communication line, goes to the signal converter, where it is processed and wireless transmission devices signal goes to the personal computer, where the result of the exercise is displayed. Conclusions. Use in pedagogical control of the physical education process of the developed device provides reliable objective test data with little loss of time to ensure the quality of control.
Oleg Khudolii
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 168-178; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.02

Abstract:
The study purpose was to substantiate theoretical and methodological grounds and the concept of a research program of the training process based on modeling of individual components of the young gymnasts’ training system. Materials and methods. The study involved: 30 gymnasts – 3rd senior category, 30 gymnasts – 2nd senior category, 26 gymnasts – 1st senior category. Young gymnasts participating in the experiment received athletic titles from the 1st category to master of sports (1st c. – 18 persons, CMS – 15 persons, MS – 12), won competitions of different levels. To substantiate the research program, the study used the following methods: modeling, systems approach, methods of theoretical analysis and generalization to reveal the essence, leading development trends of the young gymnasts’ training system and to define theoretical prerequisites and methodological approaches to its further improvement; pedagogical testing, methods of recording sensorimotor reactions, methods of recording the cardiovascular system state, observation and pedagogical experiment to determine young gymnasts’ model characteristics, modes of training loads; methods of mathematical analysis (logistic and asymptotic functions) to determine the regularities of allocating the means of primary focus during motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; mathematical methods of planning multifactorial experiments to study the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching process and training for competitions. The obtained experimental material was processed using statistical analysis software (SPSS 20). Results. The developed conceptual approaches to determining the normative characteristics of training loads in the process of young gymnasts’ training include: analysis of the effects of different modes of training on a change in the functional state; determination of the optimal increase in the functional state indicators; calculation of a mode of training that can ensure the optimal increase in the indicators of young gymnasts’ functional state. Conclusions. The developed research program makes it possible to define the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; to obtain the models of young gymnasts’ training process. As a result of implementing the research program, the study substantiated factorial designs for studying the influence of modes of alternation of exercises and rest on the effectiveness of motor abilities development, motor skills formation, and the effectiveness of training young gymnasts for competitions.
A. P. Demichkovskyi
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 186-192; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.04

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to define informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes. Materials and methods. The study involved MSU (number of athletes n = 10), CMSU (number of athletes n = 9). To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observation. Pedagogical observation was used to study the peculiarities of technical and tactical indicators of qualified athletes, as well as their motor abilities; methods of mathematical statistics were used to process the experimental data. Results. A detailed analysis of competitive activity made it possible to determine that the shot phases “Aiming”, “Shot execution – active shot”, “Preparation for the shot” are informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes. The study determined time parameters of the phases during competitive activity. The difference between the average indicators of the athletes with different sports qualifications is at the limit of 2.55 seconds, which suggests that the duration of the restorative processes of the shooter’s body affects the performance of each shot. Conclusions. A detailed analysis of air rifle shooting among men during competitive activity allowed to determine the difference in technical and tactical fitness between the athletes with different sports qualifications of MSU and CMSU levels: “Aiming” – MSU 950.56 seconds, CMSU 1017.91 seconds; “Shot execution – active shot” – MSU 964.45 seconds, CMSU 952.36 seconds; “Preparation for the shot” – MSU 1678.66 seconds, CMSU 1855.19 seconds, “Total execution time” – MSU 3593.68 seconds, CMSU 3825.47 seconds.
Olha Ivashchenko, Yuliya Nosko, V. S. Ferents
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 200-208; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.06

Abstract:
The study objective is to determine the influence of the combined method of strength development on the dynamics of training effect in girls aged 9 years. Materials and methods. The study involved 15 girls aged 9. The experiment was conducted according to the plan shown in Table 1. The study implemented the first variant of the combined method for developing arm and shoulder muscles (place I), abdominal muscle strength (place II), back muscle strength (place III), and leg muscle strength (place IV). The study materials were processed by the statistical analysis software – IBM SPSS 22. Discriminant analysis was performed. Results. The discriminant analysis indicates statistically significant changes in the training effect of strength exercises (places І–ІV, р < 0.001). The immediate and delayed training effect of strength exercises depends on the total amount of strength exercises in a physical education lesson. Thus, changes after training at each place of strength development are amplified by the subsequent exercises at other places, the differences between the testing indicators are statistically significant (p = 0.001). Conclusion. The study determined a positive training effect of strength exercises when using the combined method of strength development in the following modes: dynamic effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; maximum effort method – 1 repetition, 30-s rest; isometric effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; repeated effort method – 6 repetitions, 30-s rest. In strength load response, there are an immediate and delayed training effects. Thus it can be argued that it is possible to classify training effects by the presented battery of tests based on discriminant analysis.