Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ
ISSN / EISSN : 1993-7989 / 1993-7997
Current Publisher: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 222
Latest articles in this journal
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 142-148; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.03
Research purpose. The aim of the study is to evaluate the playing skills of the young players under investigation in a global context. Specifically, it is intended to test whether the proposed training methodology favorably influenced the development of game skills, increasing the efficiency of game performance. Materials and methods. The study participants are 24 young players, aged between 13 and 14. To achieve the tasks set, the study relied on the following methods: analysis of scientific literature, field testing and methods of mathematical statistics. The experimental group performed a specific training mesocycle (that of the Brain Kinetic), while the control group performed a traditional working mesocycle. To detect the effects of the training methodologies, field tests were used both before and after the training period, respecting the execution protocols described by H. Wein. The study materials were processed by the statistical analysis software-IBM SPSS 22. A paired sample t-test was used to compare the results of the two groups. Results. The t-test analysis indicates statistically significant changes in the training effect of the experimental group. A better performance index found in the experimental group in the execution of skills, compared to the control group, is due to the diversification of the methodology to which they were subjected. Therefore, the changes after training at each skill index are amplified by the subsequent repetition of the tests. Differences between test indicators are statistically significant (p = 0.25) Conclusions. The study, through the use of field tests, has confirmed the hypothesis that the use of the Brain Kinetic training method determines a positive training effect in skill exercises. This method allowed the players involved in the experimental group to take personal, individual and group actions that had a real impact on the outcome of the game.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 137-141; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.02
The study objective is to evaluate the immediate training effect under the influence of changes in the parameters of physical activity in special exercises on the basis of physiological changes in the body of basketball players. Materials and methods. The study used empirical methods of measuring heart rate during competitions, pulmonary ventilation values, О2 consumption during physical work, О2-debt, “excess” CО2, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. An empirical study has shown that the exercises used in the preparation of basketball players differ significantly in the nature of physiological action. The greatest physiological shifts in the body of basketball players determine the exercise, which is performed intensively or repeatedly with maximum intensity. The smallest physiological shifts were found when performing free throws. Conclusions. The magnitude and orientation of the immediate training effect of special exercises in basketball depend on the combination of the effects of all the main indicators of physical activity – the type of exercises used, their intensity and duration, duration of rest, the number of repetitions.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 182-190; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.08
The objective of the study is to conduct a comprative analysis of the kickboxers experimental and control groups' performance. Materials and methods. The pedagogical study involved 60 kickboxers who were at the stage of preliminary basic training. There were formed two homogeneous groups. The experimental group consisted of 30 people in three categories: I (67 kg), II (70 kg), III (74 kg). There were 10 people in each category. The control group also consisted of 30 people in the same three categories: I (67 kg), II (70 kg), III (74 kg). There were also 10 people in each category. Results. The ratio of impact techniques quantitative indicators between the control and experimental groups determines the effectiveness of kickboxers’ impact techniques at the stage of preliminary basic training, taking into account the weight categories, where the experimental group significantly exceeded (p ≤ 0.05) the control group by all indicators. Conclusions. The study of existing research has revealed that the analysis of motor performance techniques of kickboxers can be a component of training to improve the efficiency of the training process and the effectiveness of competitive activities. The analysis of the special literature allowed to determine the most frequently performed percussion techniques in oriental martial arts. The results obtained after the experiment indicate that the indicators of technical motor actions of kickboxers in the experimental group are significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) than in the control group. A detailed analysis of the technique of percussion among kickboxers allowed to establish the difference in technical training between athletes of the experimental and control groups, taking into account weight categories during the performance of eight strokes for the first category (67 kg) were in the range of 14.7-36.3% (in the second category, 70 kg) – 15.0-51.2% and III category (74 kg) – 15.3-66.6% in favor of the experimental group.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 127-136; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.01
The purpose of the article is to develop and test the effectiveness of aqua fitness exercise program for the posture improvement of women of the first period of a mature age with different body types. Materials and methods. The pedagogical experiment involved 46 women of the first period of a mature age who had previously consented to participate in the study. The used methods include the analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, Internet data, and mathematical statistics methods, including Fisher’s angular criterion, which allows sampling by distribution of the trait (Byshevets et al., 2019). The research included the assessment of the posture condition of women based on the method of visual screening of posture with determination of the total score (Kashuba et al., 2016). A surgeon was also involved in assessing the posture of women. In the process of factor analysis, the data of anthropometric studies, physical fitness assessments, and motor activity level were analyzed. Results. The distribution of women of the first period of a mature age by types of postural disorders and its changes under the influence of aqua fitness classes taking into account the body type has been established. The study involved 46 women of the mentioned category; 73.9% of them were women of normosthenic body type, 15.2% – of asthenic type, and 10.9% – of hypersthenic type. The research has established that women who were engaged in aqua fitness with regard to body type had positive changes in posture. The proportion of women of asthenic body type with a normal posture increased by 28.6%, of normosthenic type – by 20.6%, and of hypersthenic type – by 20.0%. Changes occurred in the level of the bio-geometric profile of the posture. Conclusions. The study confirms the effectiveness of the use of aqua fitness in the process of health-promoting classes to prevent and correct postural disorders.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 174-181; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.07
The purpose of this paper is to determine the impact of strength training modes on the dynamics of training effects in 8-year-old boys. Materials and methods. The study participants were 48 boys aged 8. The experiment was performed using a 22 factorial design. The study implemented the first variant of the combined method for developing arm and shoulder muscles (station І), strength of abdominal muscles (station ІІ), strength of back muscles (station ІІІ), and strength of leg muscles (station IV). The study materials were processed using the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program. Discriminant analysis was performed. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength load on the immediate training effect (ITE1) after performing exercises at four stations, the immediate training effect (ITE2) after training, and the delayed training effect (DTE) 24 hours after training. Results. The findings indicate that each of the variants of strength load can be effectively used depending on educational objectives of both one or a series of physical education lessons, and also show that the ITE and DTE of strength training depend on the initial level of fitness and the total amount of strength training in a physical education lesson. Conclusions. The findings point to the possibility of using a discriminant function to assess and predict the development of strength in 8-year-old boys. The study confirmed the effectiveness of using factorial designs to obtain objective data on the dynamics of training effects in primary school pupils.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 149-156; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.04
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of training sessions among the 1st-3rd year students of the general physical training (GPT) volleyball groups. Materials and methods. The athletic technical skills (ATS) have been tested by results of tests on upper and lower passes and serves. ATS testing of students from GPT volleyball groups was carried out at the beginning and at the end of the spring semester, in which 45 of the 1st year students (2 study groups), 60 of the 2nd year students (3 groups), 33 of the 3rd year students (2 groups) took part. The same students took part in the testing at the beginning and at the end of the semester (pairwise comparison). Research result. The method to evaluate the effectiveness of practical training for the Program of “Physical Culture” has been developed. Special aspects of ATS indicators dynamics of the 1st-3rd year students of GPT educational groups with sports orientation (volleyball) from the beginning to the end of spring semester were revealed. Conclusion. The highest efficiency of training sessions was observed among the 2nd year students. It is characterized by an increase in the number of students who successfully passed the tests on upper and lower passes by 5%, and 12%, respectively. The number of students who successfully passed the tests on serves increased by 11%, and a performance level grew from middle at the beginning of the semester to high at the end of the semester. The lowest effectiveness of training sessions was observed among the 1st year students. The outcome indicator of volleyball basic training corresponds to medium level at the beginning and at the end of the spring semester. The change in the number of students who successfully passed the tests on upper passes (–2%), lower passes (–2%), and serves (+2%) was insignificant from the beginning to the end of the semester.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 165-173; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.06
Modern physical education in secondary schools is undergoing reform. It is increasingly suggested to introduce the means of different sports to optimize physical education in the educational process. In particular, it is advisable today to include combative sports to the programs of physical culture of military-physical institutions. The purpose of the study: to substantiate the use of wrestling means in the physical education process of students of the Lyceum with enhanced military and physical training. Material and methods. The study was conducted on the basis of studying the functional and physical fitness indicators of 10th grade pupils of the Lyceum with enhanced military and physical training during the pedagogical experiment. It consisted in studying the impact of multidirectional wrestling means on the level of these sides of student preparedness during the year. Results. In pupils who during the year performed the loads according to the experimental physical culture program during the first semester, the total average increase relative to baseline was 10.7%. In addition, during the second – 5.7%. While members of a group that worked according to a traditional physical culture program in the first semester increased the results of the tests by 6.1% and by 2.0% during the second semester. In the physical fitness of EG students, the total increase of indicators for the first semester was 31.6% and 24.5% – during the second. In contrast, the changes in the studied CG were relatively less pronounced: 24.7% – for the first and 8.9% – for the second semester. Conclusions. The effectiveness of the use of wrestling means in the physical education of pupils of the Lyceum with enhanced military and physical training is substantiated, which contributes to a significantly more pronounced increase in functional and physical fitness indicators of pupils compared to the traditional program of physical culture.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 157-164; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.3.05
The purpose of this research paper is to study physical fitness and functional state of female first-year students in Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Materials and methods. The study involved 100 female first-year students of general group aged 17-18, all after medical examination and obtaining doctor’s approval: the age group was 18 years old (n = 100). To meet the goals set, the following research methods were used: theoretical analysis and generalization of data in specialized scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, anthropometric research methods, functional methods of cardiorespiratory system investigation and methods of mathematical statistics for processing the results of the research. Results. the conducted study proved the hypothesis on the necessity to improve the system of physical education in technical higher educational institutions, which is connected with the low level of physical fitness among students. Conclusions. The study revealed the low level of physical fitness among the investigated students in terms of speed and strength endurance indicators (with 83%), explosive physical force of the lower limbs (with 82%) and strength endurance of the upper limbs (with 68%), as well as reduced functional characteristics: resistance to hypoxia (according to the results of the Shtange test with 46% and the Gench test with 49%), workability (with 71%) and efficiency of cardiovascular system (with 55%). Low physical fitness levels among the tested girls necessitate the additional introduction of more intensive training. The high variability of the physical fitness indicators among the students requires personalization of the training process, as well as the obligatory use of express testing methods for the physical state of each student during a workout.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ; doi:10.17309/tmfv
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Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 59-67; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.01
Research purpose: To study the features of left-handed and right-handed fencers’ competitive activity, to justify the tendency of increasing the representation of left-handed fencers in the international sports arena and to substantiate the need to take into account the functional asymmetry of fencers in the initial stages of sports training. Material and Methods. 54 international competitions and 2,395 athletes were studied. The survey was attended by 25 coaches. The study of individual profiles of asymmetry involved 9 qualified fencers. During the research, the following methods were used: analysis of scientific and methodological literature and materials from the Internet, analysis of competition protocols and video analysis, sociological methods of research, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. Among the features of competitive activity of fencers with different leading extremities are: increase in the number of various attacks and counterattacks of the right-handed athletes and widespread use of complex and more varied technical and tactical actions, while the speed of performing techniques and actions can be reduced due to the lack of competitive practice with left-handed athletes; left-handed athletes’ widespread use of simple attacks without transference with high speed. The number of left-handed fencers from 2002-2003 to 2016-2017 sports seasons increased by 48 athletes. Today, they are between 12 and 42% in the first 50 world rankings. The largest number is in teams of Russia, Italy, the USA, and China. Of the 146 left-handed athletes, 45% (66 people) represent Russia, Italy, the USA, and China in the top ten. Cases of incorrect orientation of fencers’ training were identified. This determines the relevance of accounting for functional asymmetry at the initial stages of training. Conclusions. The features of duel between the fencers with dominant right and left extremities, tendency to increase the number of left-handed fencers in the international sports arena from 2002 to 2017 were determined. Fencers’ individual profiles of asymmetry were studied, cases of incorrect orientation of athletes’ training were identified.