Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ
ISSN / EISSN : 19937989 / 19937997
Current Publisher: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 199
Latest articles in this journal
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 168-178; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.02
Abstract:The study purpose was to substantiate theoretical and methodological grounds and the concept of a research program of the training process based on modeling of individual components of the young gymnasts’ training system. Materials and methods. The study involved: 30 gymnasts – 3rd senior category, 30 gymnasts – 2nd senior category, 26 gymnasts – 1st senior category. Young gymnasts participating in the experiment received athletic titles from the 1st category to master of sports (1st c. – 18 persons, CMS – 15 persons, MS – 12), won competitions of different levels. To substantiate the research program, the study used the following methods: modeling, systems approach, methods of theoretical analysis and generalization to reveal the essence, leading development trends of the young gymnasts’ training system and to define theoretical prerequisites and methodological approaches to its further improvement; pedagogical testing, methods of recording sensorimotor reactions, methods of recording the cardiovascular system state, observation and pedagogical experiment to determine young gymnasts’ model characteristics, modes of training loads; methods of mathematical analysis (logistic and asymptotic functions) to determine the regularities of allocating the means of primary focus during motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; mathematical methods of planning multifactorial experiments to study the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching process and training for competitions. The obtained experimental material was processed using statistical analysis software (SPSS 20). Results. The developed conceptual approaches to determining the normative characteristics of training loads in the process of young gymnasts’ training include: analysis of the effects of different modes of training on a change in the functional state; determination of the optimal increase in the functional state indicators; calculation of a mode of training that can ensure the optimal increase in the indicators of young gymnasts’ functional state. Conclusions. The developed research program makes it possible to define the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; to obtain the models of young gymnasts’ training process. As a result of implementing the research program, the study substantiated factorial designs for studying the influence of modes of alternation of exercises and rest on the effectiveness of motor abilities development, motor skills formation, and the effectiveness of training young gymnasts for competitions.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 186-192; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.04
Abstract:The purpose of the study was to define informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes. Materials and methods. The study involved MSU (number of athletes n = 10), CMSU (number of athletes n = 9). To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observation. Pedagogical observation was used to study the peculiarities of technical and tactical indicators of qualified athletes, as well as their motor abilities; methods of mathematical statistics were used to process the experimental data. Results. A detailed analysis of competitive activity made it possible to determine that the shot phases “Aiming”, “Shot execution – active shot”, “Preparation for the shot” are informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes. The study determined time parameters of the phases during competitive activity. The difference between the average indicators of the athletes with different sports qualifications is at the limit of 2.55 seconds, which suggests that the duration of the restorative processes of the shooter’s body affects the performance of each shot. Conclusions. A detailed analysis of air rifle shooting among men during competitive activity allowed to determine the difference in technical and tactical fitness between the athletes with different sports qualifications of MSU and CMSU levels: “Aiming” – MSU 950.56 seconds, CMSU 1017.91 seconds; “Shot execution – active shot” – MSU 964.45 seconds, CMSU 952.36 seconds; “Preparation for the shot” – MSU 1678.66 seconds, CMSU 1855.19 seconds, “Total execution time” – MSU 3593.68 seconds, CMSU 3825.47 seconds.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 200-208; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.06
Abstract:The study objective is to determine the influence of the combined method of strength development on the dynamics of training effect in girls aged 9 years. Materials and methods. The study involved 15 girls aged 9. The experiment was conducted according to the plan shown in Table 1. The study implemented the first variant of the combined method for developing arm and shoulder muscles (place I), abdominal muscle strength (place II), back muscle strength (place III), and leg muscle strength (place IV). The study materials were processed by the statistical analysis software – IBM SPSS 22. Discriminant analysis was performed. Results. The discriminant analysis indicates statistically significant changes in the training effect of strength exercises (places І–ІV, р < 0.001). The immediate and delayed training effect of strength exercises depends on the total amount of strength exercises in a physical education lesson. Thus, changes after training at each place of strength development are amplified by the subsequent exercises at other places, the differences between the testing indicators are statistically significant (p = 0.001). Conclusion. The study determined a positive training effect of strength exercises when using the combined method of strength development in the following modes: dynamic effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; maximum effort method – 1 repetition, 30-s rest; isometric effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; repeated effort method – 6 repetitions, 30-s rest. In strength load response, there are an immediate and delayed training effects. Thus it can be argued that it is possible to classify training effects by the presented battery of tests based on discriminant analysis.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 179-185; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.03
Abstract:Purpose. This study aims to estimate the relevant maximum aerobic speed performance and its relationship with volleyball game motor power-explosive abilities. Shown in rugby and soccer science literature, maximal aerobic speed is considered as a critical factor for improving the athlete’s ability to recover from high-intensity and fatiguing actions. Materials and methods. To achieve this goal, we categorised the motor abilities (vertical jump, spike approach, block jump, 20-meter sprint, T-Test (agility) and standing triple jump) results of 60 elite male players (age 23 ± 1.56 with playing experience up to 5 years in the Oran elite leagues). We based ourselves on their MAS results in two levels (+ or – 4 m/s) in 1200 m Shuttle Test as a valuable test to measure player maximal aerobic speed profile. Results. Our results approved the performance level of maximal aerobic speed archived at up to 4 (m/s) as the enhanced level directly related to notable levels of players’ motor abilities studied in the present study. Conclusions. Our protocol of maximum aerobic speed performance confirmed level 4 (m/s) as the relevant MAS level positively related to motor abilities components such as agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction, and speed, contrary to its lows.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 193-199; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.05
Abstract:The study objective is to determine the technological basis for the formation of motor competence of students with chronic health conditions in the process of physical education in universities. Materials and methods. To solve the research tasks used the methods of theoretical analysis, systematization, comparison of different views on the problem under investigation, generalization of data of scientific-methodical and special literature, general-scientific methods of theoretical level: analogy, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction. Results. It has been established that the quality of motor competence of students with chronic diseases is the result of an integrated organization of the educational process of physical education. It is established that information, motivational, active and reflexive competences are allocated in the structure of motor competence. As a methodological basis for the development of educational technology for the formation of motor competence of students with chronic diseases in the process of physical education during university study, the proposed technological basis of this process. They include: concretization of the ultimate goal, definition of strategic tasks, organization of actions, which involves determining the content of the pedagogical process of formation of motor competence and control and analysis of the results of this process. It is determined that the development of motor competence of students with chronic diseases in the course of physical education should result in the acquisition of a wide range of theoretical knowledge, practical skills and self-realization in the field of physical culture, aimed at improving their health and maintaining a high level of psychophysical status. Conclusions. Formation of motor competence as a key condition for activating the qualitative psychophysical training of the future specialist involves the development and practical implementation of pedagogical technology – a well-defined algorithm of actions to ensure the effectiveness of this process.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 159-167; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.01
Abstract:The study purpose was to determine time characteristics of the start phases: “jump” and “flight” performed by highly-skilled swimmers in competitive swimming and finswimming during the start from the starting block. Materials and methods. The participants of the pedagogical study were 8 competitive swimming female athletes, 7 – bifin swimming athletes, 4 – monofin swimmers. The swimmers were highly-skilled: among them were three international masters of sport, thirteen masters of sport of Ukraine, and three candidate masters of sport. The study recorded the following indicators: motor reaction time, horizontal flight speed (in different sections); flight acceleration (in different sections). Results. The difference in horizontal speed in the first section is not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The bifin swimming athletes show higher speed in sections 2 and 4; in section 3, higher speed is shown by the monofin swimmers (p < 0.001). The bifin swimmers show higher results in flight acceleration in sections 1, 2 and 4; in section 3, higher acceleration is shown by the monofin swimmers (p < 0.001). Conclusions. For comparative analysis of the starting technique, it is advisable to use such indicators as motor reaction time, horizontal flight speed, flight acceleration, and flight trajectory indicators as the main criteria. The study found that the time of motor reaction in competitive swimming is the shortest and it is the longest in monofin swimming. The athletes show the highest horizontal flight speed in section 3, the highest acceleration in section 2. The monofin swimming athletes show the highest acceleration in section 3. The second discriminant function with the emphasis on the most informative variables can be used to select the most rational starting technique in finswimming.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 123-129; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.03
Abstract:The study purpose was to determine the dynamics of motor and functional fitness of 4th-5th grade boys of a rural underfilled school during the school year. Materials and methods. The study participants were boys of 4th grade (n = 9) and 5th grade (n = 5). During parent-teacher meetings, the children and their parents were informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The study used the following research methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results. Results. On average, the 4th grade boys’ results are 10.8 times better in push-ups (p < 0.05); 5.3 times better in pull-ups (p < 0.05); 15.3 s better in bent-arm hang (p < 0.05). By the results of other motor tests, the differences between average values are statistically non-significant (p > 0.05). Conclusions. The general level of the pupils’ functional and motor fitness is sufficient. There are statistically significant differences between the 4th and 5th grade boys in push-ups, pull-ups, bent-arm hang, Stange test, Serkin test (p < 0.05). By the results of other tests, the differences between average values are statistically non-significant (p > 0.05).
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 148-155; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.06
Abstract:The study objective is to substantiate the modes of alternation of physical exercises and rest intervals in the process of teaching series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 14 years. Materials and methods. The participants in the study were 40 boys aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning. Results. The results of the analysis of variance and regression models show that the optimal mode of performing series of training tasks is within the range of 6-12 exercise repetitions with rest intervals of 60-120 seconds. In the proposed matrix of factorial design, the selected step of factor variation is sufficient to study the impact of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching children and adolescents. Conclusions. A 22 type experiment made it possible to examine the multifactorial structure of the process of teaching boys aged 14, using the program of algorithmic instructions, to specify the optimal balance between factors for their use when teaching physical exercises during physical education classes. The best options for teaching series of tasks to boys aged 14 during physical education classes are: series 1 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 2 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 3 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 4 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 5 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 6 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 107-115; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.01
Abstract:The study objective was to determine informative indicators of functional and motor fitness of 1st-5th year students. Materials and methods. The study involved male students of 1st year (n = 67), 2nd year (n = 66), 3rd year (n = 62), 4th year (n = 45), 5th year (n = 56). The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; index method and medical-biological methods. Pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of functional state of the body and motor abilities of 1st-5th year students of higher education institutions; factor analysis was used for data processing. Results. By the Ruffier index, the 1st-2nd year students have an average heart performance. The 3rd-5th year students have a satisfactory heart performance. By the results of the Stange and Genci tests, the 1st-5th year students are evaluated as healthy and fit. According to the Romberg test, the 1st and 5th year students show higher results than the 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students (p < 0.001; p < 0.001; p < 0.006, respectively). The 3rd year students have the lowest results. The test results are estimated as lower than normal. Conclusions. The analysis of motor and functional fitness of the 1st-5th year students showed that the first factor in their structure is the functional state of the respiratory system, the second factor is speed strength and strength fitness. The most informative tests are: 1st year – the Stange test (0.822) and Genci test (0.741); 2nd year – the Genci test (0.758), the Ruffier index has the lowest informativity (0.11); 3rd year – “Standing long jump” (0.741) and the Genci test (0.723); 4th year – the Stange test (0.927) and Genci test (0.810); 5th year – the Stange test (0.799).
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 19, pp 130-138; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2019.3.04
Abstract:The study purpose was to determine the possibility of using pattern recognition methods to study the impact of physical exercises modes on teaching primary school children throwing a small ball at a vertical target. Materials and methods. The study participants were boys aged 7 years (n=48). The paper relied on analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, general scientific methods of theoretical level, such as analogy, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction, as well as general scientific methods of empirical level: observation, testing, experiment. Results. The effectiveness of teaching boys aged 7 “throwing a ball at a vertical target” is positively influenced by 6-12 sets, 3 repetitions per set, rest interval of 60-180 seconds. The focus in choosing a teaching mode is on the number of repetitions per set. Conclusions. A full factorial experiment method makes it possible to mathematically describe the process in some local area of the factorial space and to verify the regression model. Regression equations provide an opportunity to select the modes of performing for each exercise being studied. Discriminant analysis has made it possible to determine the modes of physical exercises in the process of motor skills development; to answer the question as to how significantly the modes of training differ by the effectiveness of motor skills development; what motor tasks most substantially influence the differentiation of classes; what class the object belongs to based on the values of discriminant variables. To select the most rational mode of performing exercises in the process of motor skills development in boys aged 7, the first and second discriminant functions can be used, with a focus on the most informative variables.