Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ
ISSN / EISSN : 19937989 / 19937997
Current Publisher: LLC OVS (10.17309)
Total articles ≅ 214
Latest articles in this journal
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ; doi:10.17309/tmfv
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Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 109-116; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.07
The study purpose was to determine the dynamics of training effects of orthogonal modes of strength training in boys aged 8 years. Materials and methods. The study participants were 48 boys aged 8 years. The experiment was performed using a 22 factorial design. The study materials were processed using the IBM SPSS 22 statistical analysis program.Discriminant analysis was performed. The study examined the impact of four variants of strength training loads on the immediate (ITE) and delayed (DTE) training effects of orthogonal modes of strength exercises and rest intervals in 8-year-old boys. Results. In the first variant of strength training, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the first place “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles”; in the second variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the third place “exercises to strengthen back muscles”; in the third variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of training effects is made by the work performed at the first “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles” and the third “exercises to strengthen back muscles” places; in the fourth variant, the largest contribution to the dynamics of ITE is made by thework performed at the first “exercises to strengthen arm and shoulder muscles” and the third “exercises to strengthen back muscles” places. The most significant changes in the DTE are associated with the fourth place’s work “exercises to strengthen leg muscles”. Conclusions. The response to strength training load includes immediate and delayed training effects. Thus it can be argued that training effects can be classified using the given battery of tests based on discriminant analysis. The efficiency of discriminant analysis increases when using 2k FFE active experiments.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 77-85; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.03
Purpose. The research aims at multi-faceted study of global communication competence, which is a vital soft skill for professional development of students, acquiring their degrees in sport and tourism. Materials and methods. Qualitative research methods applied in the research include theoretical analysis of relevant scientific findings, synthesis and modelling, pedagogical observation and evaluation. Quantitative analysis relates to questioning and data processing, in particular, 50-question Intercultural Quiz, conducted among 352 students of NUUPES and NUFT. Results. The conducted research of global communication competence of the first and fifth year university sport and tourism students shows clear correlation between the level of education and gained global communication expertise, presented by the communicative skills of critical thinking and cooperation. The analysis of statistic data has proved that along with improved self-awareness, disciplines more than doubled students’ global communication competence within five academic years. In addition to quantitative improvement, the quality of the intercultural communication is enhanced, as essential professional skills are gained in the sphere of students’ future occupation. Professional orientation of global communication competence outlines sportive and medical inclination of NUUPES students’ higher education, and tourism and hospitality focus of NUFT students’ training. Conclusions. The results of the study have proven that contemporary university students who get degrees in the fields of sport and tourism perceive culturally-bound information when attending their on-line and off-line academic courses and participating in various multicultural events in and outside university setting. In this way they acquire attitudes and values of self-awareness and recognition of ethnical diversity. Established values transform into production and result in implementation of culturally aware behaviour, represented by a high level of self-evaluation and persuasion abilities directed to effective, yet tolerant way of problem solving and shared responsibility.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 68-76; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.02
The article describes a methodological approach to monitoring and analyzing attacks of a highly qualified football team. The aim of the research is to develop a methodology for monitoring and analyzing attacks of highly qualified football teams, taking into account various models of the game tactics. Material and methodology. The competitive activity of the national football teams at the 2018 World Cup was studied. Research methodology: analysis and generalization of the literature sources, lesson observation, video analysis of competitive activities, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. A protocol for registration attacks of the football team has been developed. The estimated scale of penetrating attacks and playing off of standard positions of the football team is identified. A different correlation of positional and fast attacks of national football teams, which used different tactical models of the game, has been established. In one half: for the tactical model "A", positional attacks were 32.3±4.35 (61.8%), fast attacks – 20.0±1.78 (38.2%); for the tactical model "B" – positional attacks – 25.2±4.32 (52.7%), fast attacks – 22.6±4.32 (47.3%); for the tactical model "C" – positional attacks – 32.5±3.49 (67.7%), fast attacks – 15.5±3.96 (32.3%); for the tactical model "D" – positional attacks – 19.2±2.87 (41.9%), fast attacks – 26.6±2.87 (58.1%). At the 2018 world Cup, out of 169 goals, 111 (65.4%) were scored as a result of completing positional attacks, 35 (20.7%) – after playing off of the standard positions, and 23 (13.9%) – after implementing penalty kicks. Conclusions. Monitoring and analyzing the attacks of a football team allows managing persistently the competitive activities of football players both at the operational level during a single game and at the current level during a competitive tournament.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 117-123; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.08
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of updated curriculum content on 6th-7th graders’ motivation in physical education. Materials and Methods. The study participants were 457 6th-7th graders from different regions of Ukraine (n = 230 girls and n = 227 boys). To determine the impact of curriculum content on school students’ motivation in physical education, the study used methods of theoretical analysis, systematization, comparison, generalization, pedagogical observations, questionnaire, mathematical statistics. Results. The study found that the content of 2012-2017 curricula has significant advantages in terms of developing school students’ motivation for regular exercise. The impact results in a statistically significant increase in indicators of the school students’ choice of learning motive (8.5% more; t = 2.24; p ≤ 0.05-0.01), evaluation motive (5.0% more; t = 2,01; p ≤ 0.05), play motive (6.3% more; t = 2.07; p ≤ 0.05). The study determined an increase in the high level of learning motivation from 14 to 33 cases and in the above average level – from 21 to 48, as well as a decrease in the average level – from 59 to 56, the reduced level – from 21 to 17, and the low one – from 12 to 11 cases. Conclusions. It was found that the result of the impact on school students’ motivation in physical education is the inclusion of new components into curricula. It was defined that an increase in motivation is associated, first, with the inclusion of content lines “Environmental Safety and Sustainable Development”, “Civil Responsibility”, “Health and Safety”; secondly, sections “Theoretical and Methodological Knowledge” and “Expected Results of Educational and Cognitive Activity”; thirdly, a modular system of organizing the educational process; fourth, sections “Evaluation of Learning Achievements” and “Homework”. The result of the impact of updated curriculum content is the enhancement of school students’ motivation in physical education, first of all through educational (cognitive) and social motives.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 59-67; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.01
Research purpose: To study the features of left-handed and right-handed fencers’ competitive activity, to justify the tendency of increasing the representation of left-handed fencers in the international sports arena and to substantiate the need to take into account the functional asymmetry of fencers in the initial stages of sports training. Material and Methods. 54 international competitions and 2,395 athletes were studied. The survey was attended by 25 coaches. The study of individual profiles of asymmetry involved 9 qualified fencers. During the research, the following methods were used: analysis of scientific and methodological literature and materials from the Internet, analysis of competition protocols and video analysis, sociological methods of research, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. Among the features of competitive activity of fencers with different leading extremities are: increase in the number of various attacks and counterattacks of the right-handed athletes and widespread use of complex and more varied technical and tactical actions, while the speed of performing techniques and actions can be reduced due to the lack of competitive practice with left-handed athletes; left-handed athletes’ widespread use of simple attacks without transference with high speed. The number of left-handed fencers from 2002-2003 to 2016-2017 sports seasons increased by 48 athletes. Today, they are between 12 and 42% in the first 50 world rankings. The largest number is in teams of Russia, Italy, the USA, and China. Of the 146 left-handed athletes, 45% (66 people) represent Russia, Italy, the USA, and China in the top ten. Cases of incorrect orientation of fencers’ training were identified. This determines the relevance of accounting for functional asymmetry at the initial stages of training. Conclusions. The features of duel between the fencers with dominant right and left extremities, tendency to increase the number of left-handed fencers in the international sports arena from 2002 to 2017 were determined. Fencers’ individual profiles of asymmetry were studied, cases of incorrect orientation of athletes’ training were identified.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 86-94; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.04
Purpose: To substantiate and develop a program of health-enhancing and recreational physical activity for the social integration of students with hearing impairments in a higher education institution environment. Materials and Methods. The study involved 65 students with hearing impairments 17–18 years of age (30 males and 35 females). Theoretical analysis and generalization of special scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical experiment, anthropometric measurements of the hearing-impaired, Apanasenko’s method, methods of mathematical statistics were used. Results. The structure and content of the program of health-enhancing and recreational physical activity for students with hearing impairments were scientifically substantiated and developed. The program takes into account the factors, principles, objectives, tasks, methods, organizational and socio-pedagogical conditions for its effective implementation in higher education institutions. The program includes a system for monitoring the results of its implementation and performance criteria. The effectiveness criteria for the health-enhancing and recreational physical activity program were identified as follows: social integration of hearing-impaired students, restoring their psycho-emotional state, and involvement of the young people in regular physical activity. Conclusions. The results of the study confirmed the effectiveness of the developed program of health-enhancing and recreational physical activity in a higher education institution for the social integration of hearing-impaired students.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 95-101; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.05
The study purpose was to prepare a model of the trans-season reliability of physical fitness testing on the example of “Tourism” speciality students. Material and Methods. A total of 50 university first year bachelor’s students studying “Tourism” as a business service were involved in the physical fitness testing: 20 males with body mass 67.3±9.5 kg (M±SD) and body length 174.6±5.6 cm; and 30 females (body mass 59.6±7.3 kg, body length 163.9±5.2 cm). Monthly testing was conducted seven times from September to March using a complex test KONTREKS–2. Trans-season mean score reliability was evaluated within the intraclass correlation model. Results. Approximately 86% of the students were found to be on the average and higher levels and only nearly 5% − on the low level. Males showed significantly better state of the physical fitness than females (16.6%, p < 0.002) with 96.3% similarity of trends in scores between males and females during the trans-season study. A great variation within these samples was noticed, too; a corresponding part in the total variation was derived as 93.6%. A strong and high level significant correlation (r > 0.80, p < 0.001) was determined between all the seven monthly test-retest trans-season trials. Significant trans-season reliability on the excellent level was found for each of two gender samples (ICC > 0.95, p < 0.001). Deviations from mean values for seven monthly tests undertaken during the study period were not significant (chi-squared = 13.939, p = 0.834). Conclusions. A model of the trans-season reliability of physical fitness testing created on the example of the first year bachelor’s students of “Tourism” speciality showed its effectiveness and could be recommended for physical education of high school students.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 102-108; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.2.06
The study objective is to justify and implement information and communication technologies in the test control of the development level of the frequency of movements, as a manifestation of speed qualities in the process of physical education. Materials and Methods. To solve the research tasks, the study used the methods of comparing and contrasting, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, formalization and technical modeling. Results. An electronic device for the exercise controlling the movement frequency of the hands to evaluate speed qualities was developed for the research purpose. The device is designed on the basis of capacitive type proximity sensors. The signal received by the sensors is processed in the microcontroller unit during the test and transmitted to the personal computer via the communication interface. On a personal computer, using the developed software, they control the time of completion of the test task. Conclusions. The developed information and communication technologies based on electronic monitoring device embodies a new approach to addressing the challenge of improving the performance of speed control in physical education by ensuring that objective and reliable test data are obtained promptly.
Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, Volume 20, pp 12-17; doi:10.17309/tmfv.2020.1.02
The purpose of the study is to determine the dynamics of pain intensity in different parts of the spine in women of the first mature age under the influence of pilates. Materials and methods. 64 women took part in research. The women were divided into two groups, each of which included 32 people. The study was carried out at the Sokol sports club and the Olimp fitness club in Kiev. We used the questionnaire “Visual analogue scale of pain”. Results. We measured the level of pain in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine of women of the first mature age. It was found that only 4.69 % of women do not have pain. It was found that women of the first mature age the most often feel painin the cervical region. The women of the control group were engaged in a typical Pilates program. The women of the experimental group were engaged in the author’s program, a feature of which was the use of large equipment during classes. In addition, women who could not attend classes were offered the Pilates computer program. For the experiment, no statistically significant difference between the level of pain in different parts of the spine of women was established. After the experiment, a statistically significant decrease in the level of pain in the lumbar section of women in the experimental group was recorded compared with women in the control group. Conclusions. The results indicate the effectiveness of large equipment to reduce the level of pain in the back of a woman.