Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1978-0575 / 1978-0575
Current Publisher: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (10.12928)
Total articles ≅ 108
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Puri Wulandari, Haryoto Kusnoputranto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 77-84; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2127

Abstract:
Medical waste is classified as hazardous waste and toxic materials. Equipped with various health facilities and visited by 1,267 people/day and occupancy rate is 68 percent in 2011, Public Hospital in East Jakarta generates a large number of medical wastes. Although medical waste generated less than domestic waste but potentially major cause of occupational accidents and illnesses transmission if not managed properly. This research aims to know how the hospital minimize and process the medical waste. Research methodology used in this research is qualitative approach from the aspect of the characteristics, effort minimization and management of medical waste. This research also used quantitative method by calculating the medical waste based on the occupancy rate and the service given. The results showed that the generation of medical waste as much as 0.9 pounds/ patient.days with 64 percent occupancy rate, while based on the type of service that is at most of the operating room of 0.67 pounds/ patient.days. Medical waste minimization efforts that have been done of segregation, housekeeping, preventive maintenance, clean technology, substitution of materials, and management of chemical and pharmaceutical, whereas only limited efforts to use waste reuse. The conclusion of this research was the minimization efforts do not do recycling and recovery, whereas the management of medical waste is not eligible especially separation, transport, storage, and management of ash from incineration of medical waste.
, Octy Widyasari, Iriyani K
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2153

Abstract:
Hygiene of food and beverages is influenced by cutlery. Behavioral factor related to the food management is an important factor in food hygiene. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of knowledge and washing techniques practice with the hygiene tableware at food stalls.The design of this study was Cross-sectional. The study was conducted in food stall at the Port Health Office Samarinda using observation method completed by cutlery hygiene inspection. The research samples were 4 to 5 tableware and 30 samples of food handlers. Mann Whitney test was used as the data analysis.The findings showed that there was no relationship between knowledge and hygiene of utensils (ρ value = 0370), while there was a relationship between the practice of cleanliness of cutlery (ρ value = 0.002) in food stall at The Port health Office area in Samarinda.Suggestions for food handlers are to soak the cutlery in advance so that the rest of the food stuck or the hardened part can be easily off and cleaned. Do the rinsing with the running water or frequently replace the rinse water. Re-clean the cutlery using a clean cloth or frequently replaced and keep cutlery in proper place, avoid the dust and dirt. To the related institutions are expected to do the regular inspection of the cutlery, do the monitoring and evaluation to coaching and training and the need of local regulations governing cleanliness of food stalls in the port authority. Keywords: the Health of Cutlery, Knowledge, Behavior, Practice
Adejohn Nursalim, Fransien Virginia Tamusa, Lady Galatia Lapian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2152

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Ita Miranti, Anik Djuraidah, Indahwati Indahwati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2125

Dina Lusiana Setyowati, Dyah Dwijayanti, Muhamad Sultan
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 125-132; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2405

Abstract:
Various activities that involve hands repetitively are often associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). CTS is defined by compression of the median nerve in the wrist. Peeling onion skin is a risk job which can be easily affected by CTS. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between repetitive motions, duration of work, work of service, the history of Illness and CTS among onion skin peeler workers at Segiri Market Samarinda. This research used a cross-sectional design to analyze the relationship among the variables. The subject of this study were people who work as peel onion in the Segiri Market Samarinda and the sampling method of this research using purposive sampling with 31 participants. Data was analysed using Chi-Square by SPSS 16 Program with significance level of 0.05 (5%). The results showed that there was a correlation between repetitive motions(p = 0.008),duration of work (p = 0.000), work of service (p = 0.034) and CTS; and there was no relationship between history of Illness and CTS (p = 1.000). The conclusion of the research that there was a relationship between repetitive motions, duration of work, work of service and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS); and there was no relationship between history of Illness and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). Keywords : CTS, Duration of Work, Work of service, History of Disease, Repetitive Movement
Dian Wuri Astuti, Muji Rahayu, Dewi Sri Rahayu
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2273

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Ridha Restila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9, pp 85-94; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i2.2151

Abstract:
Stress is one of the factors that affect the performance of nurses. According to Nursing Times 2014, more than 60% of nurses say they have experienced effects of work-related stress, such as physical or mental health problem.This systematic review research aimed at exploring factors related to occupational stress among hospital nurses involved 16 research. This research consist of 8 research from Indonesia in the year 2000-2013 and another 8 research obtained from international journals in the year 2010-2015.The entire research using cross sectional study design, sample size ranged from 24 - 2613. There are differences in the average number of research samples in the Indonesian research and international research (pvalue = 0,004). Total number of variables studied were 70 independent variables. The number of variables studied ranged from 4-25 per study. The most studied variables were marital status, salary, age, education, job demands, length of employment, shift work, promotion, and gender. From 9 variables most studied, promotion variable has a significant percentage of the highest p value, while the gender variable has no significant. Reference number used ranged from 7-59 references. No difference reference amount between Indonesian research and international research (p value = 0.806).
Ahmad Ahid Mudayana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1549

Abstract:
Background: The number of treatment options for making competition among hospitals increasingly stringent anyway though not the business competition. The amount of this option makes every hospital must calculate the unit cost of each so as to make the right policy in determining the hospital tariffs. PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul is one of the largest hospital in Bantul. The Muhammadiyah owned hospitals have a social mission in providing health services to the community. The social mission of making hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul in setting the rates must be in accordance with the ability of the community. This is because the target consumer PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul majority of the lower middle class people. Currently PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul is developing the building, including increasing the number of beds to 300. Increasing the number of beds will make PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul as the largest Muhammadiyah hospital in Yogyakarta. The existence of this development will be made possible due to changes in the level of rates increasing operational needs. Background of the researchers interested in studying the patient's willingness and ability to pay in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul.Methods: This research is analytic research. Using cross sectional study design. The sample in this study amounted to 87 respondents.Results: Based on the analysis that has been carried out showed that the patient has the ability to pay an average of 100 033. While the average willingness to pay of patients included in the high category in the amount of 71.26 percent.Conclusions: 1) The average ability to pay inpatients Rp 100 033, estimated for three days. 2.) In order to conduct the promotion of hospital managers in an appropriate manner, for example by offering affordable rates to the public. Keywords: willingness to pay, ability to pay
Septian Emma Dwi Jatmika, Muchsin Maulana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1552

Abstract:
AbstrakLatar Belakang: Penyakit hipertensi hampir selalu dikaitkan dengan perubahan gaya hidup atau pola hidup, salah satunya adalah merokok. Pencegahan terjadinya hipertensi salah satunya dengan mengendalikan faktor resiko. Hal ini juga dapat mengurangi resiko penderita untuk mengalami hipertensi lanjut dengan komplikasi.Metode: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan jumlah sampel sebesar 30 orang yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan instrumen penelitian berupa kuisioner yang berisi serangkaian pertanyaan tentang pengetahuan, sikap, nilai, kepercayaan dan perilaku yang berhubungan dengan kejadian hipertensi dan perilaku merokok.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar (66,67%) perilaku merokok responden adalah kurang baik dan sebagian kecil (33,33% ) perilaku responden adalah cukup baik. Pengetahuan responden tentang perilaku merokok sebagian besar (46,67%) adalah cukup baik dan sebagian kecil (10%) adalah kurang baik. Sedangkan sikap responden terhadap perilaku merokok sebagian besar (63,33%) adalah negatif.Kesimpulan: Gambaran pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku merokok pada penderita hipertensi khususnya yang merokok di Desa Sidokerto Kecamatan Godean Kabupaten Sleman Yogyakarta sebagian besar masih kurang baik. Kata kunci: pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku merokok, penderita hipertensi, sleman
Muchsin Maulana, Hari Kusnanto, Agus Suwarni
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), Volume 9; doi:10.12928/kesmas.v9i1.1551

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
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