The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal

Journal Information
ISSN : 2413-7480
Current Publisher: Research Gateway Society (10.29370)
Total articles ≅ 54
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The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal; doi:10.29370/siarj

The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 21-37; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar2

Abstract:
There are two types of Ijtihād: individual and collective. When an individual Muslim Jurist perform Ijtihād it is called individual Ijtihād and when a Council of Islamic Jurists or qualified scholars undertake utmost effort to discover the Sharia ruling then it is called collective Ijtihād. A governmental and non-governmental organization of qualified scholars is an appropriate platform for collective Ijtihād. Such jurists’ groups must be established in every Islamic country and society. In addition, there should be an international jurist’s counseling organization, which represents the entire Muslim Ummah. The Islamic Research Academy Cairo, comprising well known Muslim scholars throughout the world, is the supreme body of Islamic research and issuing Fatwa in Egypt. It undertakes research and issue Fatwa on all subjects related to Islamic doctrines, practices, and culture, expanding its knowledge to each level and in every environment. This research articles explores the history, governing body, internal structure, rules and regulations and methodology of issuing Fatwa of The Islamic Research Academy Cairo and the criticism on its approach to issue a Fatwa.
Nasir Hussain, Muhammad Shafqatullah
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 33-58; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar6

Abstract:
Al-Madih Al-Nabavi is a popular Islamic poetry composition among the Muslim poets because the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is beloved personality of all Muslims and the respectable to be followed in every movement of life. The poets in every era of Islamic History said their poetry verses in the praise of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the subjective means including the various topics of Al-Madih Al-Nabavi. The poets of other nations like Persian and Urdu nations started expressing their emotions and sentiments of love to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Ameer Meenai was a great poet of Urdu literature in sub-continent. He was born in Lucknow, India in 1826. He started poetry in his early age. His chapter on Eulogistic Poetry has great fame and published in 1916 with the title of “Mahamid Khatam-ul-Nabiyyeen (PBUH)”. He was impressed by teachings of the Holy Quran. In this article, we will discuss the impact of the Holy Quran in his poetry. This is very important topic of research in literature, especially in Muslim Literature in the world. With the hope that this work will be beneficial for the further researches and for the new scholars as well. This article, basically, focuses upon poetical works of Ameer Meenai, especially on “Mahamid Khatam-ul-Nabiyyeen (PBUH)” and highlights the topics of Holy Quran, its causes and effects of teachings of Holy Quran on his poetry. To find out the results in this field, this research comparatively analyzed the poetical works of Ameer Meenai. After conducting the study of his poetical works, the researcher came to know that there is a remarkable impact of Holy Quran on the poetry of Ameer Meenai. For example, he was interested in miracles and Seerat-ul-Nabi (PBUH) among the other topics of Holy Quran. Similarly, in his Eulogistic poetry there is explanation and justifications of Quranic topics. However, finest of his works are those in which he used, word by word, Quranic verses in his poetry composition that shows distinctions of both languages and highlights the limitations of poetry and prose.
Asif Iqbal, Zahida Javed , Hadi Bux
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 40-54; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar9

Abstract:
The association between mental health and religious orientation is most researched field of clinical psychology. Over the years, the researchers and practitioners try their bet to cope the remedies in human life. The current study is an intention to trace factors responsible for performance among university students and to find the correlation between mental health and religious orientation. It was a descriptive study with survey method. Three hundred scholars from different departments of University of Education Faisalabad campus were selected randomly. The questionnaire named, Religious Orientation and Mental Health Survey [ROMHS] was used. The Cronbach Alpha values of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations were .861 and .845 respectively as well as mental health .863. The findings revealed significant and strong relationship among intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations and mental health. Male students had higher extrinsic religious orientations and mental health than females. It was found that about 81% of academic achievement score of university students was influenced by religious orientation and mental health. It was suggested to provide better mental health and positive religious orientation to enhance academic achievement of scholars in higher educational institutions.
Karam Hussain Wadho , Pakistan Associate Professor /additional Director (H.R) Colleges Larkana, Roshan Ali , Zain Ul-Abdin
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 55-80; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar10

Abstract:
The objective of Islam is to establish economic equality, social justice, and fairness in all spheres of the life of individuals and societies. Islam put a very clear prohibition on slavery and discriminated social grades and caste-systems, and asserts on the human dignity through the golden principles of universal brotherhood among all human and gave a special honor to the women. These principles are considered integral parts the UN charters and constitutions of civilized world for establishing exploitation free society. In the view of Islam, in the divine religions as well, all races of human, white and black or brown are born from Adam and Eve. Allah, the almighty creator, has made them vary in colour, language and has placed them in different lands, but before Him they are all one and cherished by Him alike, and he is most honoured who is most righteous. Islam described the rights and duties of all kinds of people as all are equal in gender as human being. This paper examines the rights of individual in the lights of Holy Quran specially Surah al-Nisa verse 36 and the Sunah specially the last sermon of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 128-138; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar13

Abstract:
This research article deals with an important issue faced by women around the world, and it is sexual abuse or rape of women and its solution in the light of teachings of Islam. Islam forbids both fornication and sexual abuse or rape. The statistics shared in this article puts light on the worst condition faced by women as far as sexual abuse or rape is considered in different parts of the world and how Islam solves this very important issue.
Abdul Ghafoor Ansari, Muhammad Saleh Ansari, Basheer Ahmed Dars
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 31-50; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar14

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to analyze the impact of Islamic microfinance product “Qarz-e-Hasna”provide byan Islamic philanthropic organization Akhuwat on the poverty alleviation of its beneficiaries. The study uses primary data collected through personally structured questionnaire on the randomly selected sample of 120out of the population of 1196beneficiaries of Akhuwat Hyderabad branch. The study found that majority of the beneficiaries were Muslim women within the age groups of 21 to 40 years have obtained the loan of Rs.20,000 each and utilized it for the purpose to expanding their small businesses. The results indicates that Qarz-e-Hasna has improved the living standard of the beneficiaries on accounts of income, expenditure, saving, educational level, households and business assets. Majority of the beneficiaries are satisfied with the terms of loan and the services of Akhuwat.
Ali Hassan, Muhammad Shahzad
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 28-39; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar8

Abstract:
Today, a great emphasis has been established in the understanding the voting behavior of the people and religion is a strong segment of person's voting behavior. It is the most important aspect for a voter in the way of thinking about specific issues such as ideology, construction of personality, economics and society. Therefore, religion has a significant impact on the behavior of an individual when voting in elections is concerned. In democratic countries like Pakistan media has gained more importance in this regard. The present study focuses on effects of the contents presented in media on the voting behavior of religious people voting for religious parties in general elections 2013,local bodies’ elections 2015 and general elections 2018.
The Scholar Islamic Academic Research Journal, Volume 5, pp 1-27; doi:10.29370/siarj/issue9ar7

Abstract:
This brief research paper covers Izzad-Din Abu al-Hassan Ibn al- Athir al-Jazari’s research methodology in hadith traditions in his work entitled ‘Usd al-ghabah fi marifat al-sahabah’. Some of these types of traditions mentioned by Ibn al- Athir have been covered in this paper like the Shadhdh (anomalous) traditions of the Prophet’s ﷺ letters to various Kings and rulers, the traditions narrating the historical proofs for the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and the traditions about the delegations that came to the Holy Prophet for the acceptance of Islam etc. Ibn al- Athir’s research methodology while noting these traditions can be summarized in the following points: He explains the time and place where and when the Quranic verses were revealed. Total number of the traditions narrated by a companion has also been mentioned. He explains the genre of Gharīb al-Ḥadīth. The writer notes the chains of the narrators of a hadith and then points out the weakness or trustworthiness of the reporters. This paper is expected to provide a concise perception of Ibn al- Athir’s methodology and his way of research in examining and quoting the hadith traditions in his work ‘Usd al-ghabah fi marifat al-sahabah’.
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