Civil War History

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 0009-8078 / 1533-6271
Published by: Johns Hopkins University Press (10.1353)
Total articles ≅ 5,073
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Civil War History, Volume 67, pp 78-78; https://doi.org/10.1353/cwh.2021.0015

Abstract:
Our second issue of 2021 explores some new directions in the naval history of the war as well as the period of Reconstruction. The Union's Mississippi Squadron fought an unconventional war against Southern soldiers, guerrillas, and civilians who attacked Northern supply lines. Under the direction of David D. Porter, the squadron used a strategy of exhaustion to wear down Southern resistance but could never fully defeat its foe. As Robert Gudmestad argues, Northern sailors hated their service in the brownwater navy and viewed their time in the war as transactional in nature. The fleet underwent a massive turnover in 1864, but the North used its advantages in economics, technology, and population to compensate for a fleet of sailors who lacked motivation and discipline. While the Union did not defeat its foe along the western waters, it provided enough protection to the logistical network to assist in victory on the battlefield.
Karen R. Roybal
Civil War History, Volume 67, pp 141-143; https://doi.org/10.1353/cwh.2021.0018

Abstract:
In Pasadena before the Roses: Race, Identity, and Land Use in Southern California, 1771–1890, Yvette J. Saavedra traces the formation of racial identity and shifting ideas about land use in southern California over the span of more than a hundred years. She reveals how, aside from historians' objectives in helping us understand our pasts, their work can also better help us understand our places in the present. Saavedra's book centers on Pasadena, California, a place we now associate with the Tournament of Roses Parade, held every summer to acknowledge the birth of the city originally established as the San Gabriel Mission. However, as Saavedra reminds us, the region's history should also be characterized by the ways shifting spatiotemporal boundaries, vexed race relations, and economic growth contributed to a multilayered history of Pasadena in which the original peoples of the land, the Tongva, and later, Spanish and Mexicano landowners were displaced physically, socially, and politically. Considered from this vantage point, Pasadena before the Roses decenters Euro-American pioneer history and recognizes how "competing visions" and "dynamic continuities" of land-use philosophies and attempts to maintain social and political power manifested themselves through differing ideologies influenced by the mission, rancho, and homestead periods (4).
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