International Journal of Business, Economics and Management

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2312-5772 / 2312-0916
Published by: Pak Publishing Group (10.18488)
Total articles ≅ 157
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International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 70-83; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i3.2995

Abstract:
This research intends to present empirical evidence on the impact of globalization on the banking sector's performance and the standard of living in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The present study accounts for the several characteristics of globalization. The authors have utilized data of commercial banks in the Gulf Countries (GC) from 1996 and 2017. The return on assets and equity are used to assess the performance of the banks by using the technique of Generalized Method of Moments. It is found that bank profitability is negatively impacted by greater economic, social, and political globalization. However, globalization has a positive impact on GDP per capita in GCC nations, indicating that globalization is beneficial from a living standard point of view. The current research has used population and government effectiveness as control variables, and the findings show that growing population benefits bank’s returns while government effectiveness has no influence on banking performance.
Guilherme Arevalo Leal, ,
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 93-108; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i3.3032

Abstract:
The development of a local pharmaceutical research and development industry is essential to meet the demands of a large country with a large population such as Brazil. This work aims to explore the existing data on the ecosystem of the pharmaceutical industry in this group of countries, and through parameters based on the precursor literature, to identify the innovation factors and the position of Brazil in relation to the other representatives of the BRICS (the leading developing countries in the world). Since the mid-1940s, Brazil has received pharmaceutical multinationals and through government initiatives it has locally reproduced medicines developed abroad when the patents have ended. The BRICS represent the group of emerging countries considered “the big five”, with population capacity and economic growth that tend to boost the global economy in the coming years. The comparative analysis showed that Brazil has a certain lag in fundamental parameters for the existence of a national pharmaceutical R&D industry, having placed behind Russia, India and China, even symbolically by not producing a national vaccine in response to COVID-19.
, Barbara Espirito Santo, Felipe Sigrist,
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 84-92; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i3.3030

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate how bank marketing should respond to the banker’s paradox. Customers who need money the most are at risk for credit and thus unable to obtain a loan, according to the banker’s paradox. This relates to the fact that the client-bank relationship is based on reciprocity rather than commitment. We hypothesize that a bank marketing strategy that masquerades as a commitment will be more successful because clients have evolved to understand the superiority of commitment and be receptive to its cues. We put this marketing strategy to the test by sending 413 participants advertising slogans based on two types of cooperation: reciprocity and commitment. Our findings indicate that people do prefer bank slogans that imply a commitment-based relationship. The work’s novelty comes from its contribution to the literature of an evolutionary psychology perspective, which shows that commitment is a critical component of a successful bank marketing strategy.
Yang Ming
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 55-69; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i2.2981

Abstract:
Urban rail transit is a widely applied mean of transportation in many cities around the world. In China, numerous cities are constructing their metro lines to improve the capability of its transportation and infrastructure. But because the investment needed in such project is colossal, the State Council in Beijing once criticized this type of investment for being wasteful and detaching from the actual demand of economic growth. Consequently, doubts on economic effects brought by metro system are also posed relentlessly. This research will try to look into the relation between the growing length of metro system and the economic growth in metropolis, finding out whether it is positive or negative and by what margin. And give out suggestions to city planners and policymakers on whether further construction of metro in mentioned cities should be carried out or approved. An econometric model that is based on the traditional Cobb-Douglas model and statistical methods including linear regression will be applied.
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 33-54; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i2.2956

Abstract:
Using the intellectual capital and dynamic capability literature as known dimensions of organizational performance in digital contexts, this article develops a new testable model that attempts to explain digital intellectual dynamics’ (DID) impact on a Brazilian e-commerce firm’s performance. Using a quantitative methodological approach, an inedited instrument of research is used to gather data from 77 managers, and, through exploratory factor analysis (EFA), a replicability analysis (generalized H (G-H) index) is conducted along with quality and effectiveness assessment through factor score validation in Factor 10 software. Structure Equation Modelling (SEM) is used to test the hypotheses. The results reveal that DID, as a second-order variable, and Digital Human Dynamics and Digital Social Dynamics, as first-order variables, are positively related to firm performance. Digital Structure Dynamics, another first-order variable, has a positive effect on firm performance but not at a statistically significant level. This empirical result brings visibility to the role of DID in firms’ performance, creating a strategic perspective for a firm’s management in digital contexts. Furthermore, digital information systems (DIS) researchers may view these results as a response to digital disruption and a reinvention of core functions in a new strategic approach to support e-commerce transactions and firm performance. On a methodological level, the use of EFA introduces new indexes to measure this innovative instrument, as it is the first time it is used in social science research. Practitioners may use these results to enhance their firm’s performance through DID.
Lingceng Wu, Yi Qu, Shuo Zhao, Shu Zhou
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 1-19; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i1.2904

Abstract:
This paper aims to analyze the influence of laptop brand image on the purchasing intention of Chinese college students, and it further looks at the moderating role played by consumer ethnocentrism in the above causality, which helps to bridge the research gap in the domain. Employing the brand image theory and consumer ethnocentrism theory, and based on large-sample questionnaire surveys, this study reveals that brand image positively affects college students' purchasing intention of laptops, regardless of domestic or foreign laptop brands. What is more, besides playing a direct role in affecting purchasing intention, consumer ethnocentrism also plays a significant moderating role in affecting the effects of brand image on purchasing intention. It is found that high ethnocentric college students may not buy foreign laptops, even though the brand image of foreign laptops is superior. Overall, this paper has made important suggestions and implications for both corporate managers and policy makers.
Yang Lu, Jie Zhang
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 9, pp 20-32; https://doi.org/10.18488/62.v9i1.2949

Abstract:
As an important component of economic, social, and industrial development, changes in the labor force affect a country’s economic development in terms of fiscal expenditure, consumption structure, and production capacity, which also promote or inhibit the upgrading of the overall industrial structure and internal structure. Based on the inter-provincial panel data of 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities (excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region) in mainland China from 2010 to 2019, this paper conducts an empirical analysis of the impact of population agglomeration on the upgrading of the industrial structure and the contribution rate of tertiary industry output value in different regions. We conclude: (1) Generally speaking, population agglomeration has the effect of promoting the upgrading of the industrial structure. (2) The impact of population agglomeration on the industrial structure is different in different regions, hindering the upgrading of the industrial structure in eastern provinces, having no significant impact on the western region, and encouraging the upgrading of the industrial structure of central provinces. (3) Concerning the tertiary industry, population agglomeration significantly promotes the contribution rate of the tertiary industry output value in different regions. Therefore, the following suggestions are put forward: (1) Promote the reform of the household registration system. (2) Increase investment in human capital.
Muhammad Zubair Elahi, Gao Liang, Muhammad Jawad Malik, Sana Dilawar, BenA Ilyas
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 8, pp 270-291; https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.62.2021.84.270.291

Ibrahim Muhammad Adam, Aminu Hassan Jakada, Ali Umar Ahmad, Ismail Aliyu Danmaraya, Abdullahi Daiyabu Marmara, Abdul-Azeez Abubakar
International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, Volume 8, pp 318-331; https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.62.2021.85.318.331

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