International Journal of Business and Management

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1833-3850 / 1833-8119
Total articles ≅ 3,873
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Mahmoud Mohamed Elsawy, Mohamed Ahmed Elbadawe
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n6p1

Abstract:
Employee executes precarious responsibilities for the subsistence of the organisation unrelatedly to any gender differences. Management seems to be more than it has ever been at the centre of handling workforce diversity as they structure their businesses to meet rapidly changing business needs and individual expectations. Indeed, corporate leaders who want to improve labour productivity think about workforce diversity. It is because they regard diversity as a massive corporate concern whose limitations have a consequence on their employee performance, firm's growth and profitability. This study looks at five different aspects of gender discrimination: hiring/recruitment discrimination, training & Development discrimination, Provision of goods and Facilities discrimination, retention discrimination, and Promotion discrimination. 261 telecom industry employees in the UAE collected data better to understand the consequences of gender-based human resource practices on employee performance. The data was analysed, and hypothesis testing was done using linear regression. The theoretical model and hypothesis were tested using SPSS version 22. According to the findings, discrimination based on gender has a substantial impact on employee performance. This empirical evidence offers Human Resource researchers and managers advice for preventing discriminatory practices that negatively impact employee performance.
Elisa Bocchialini, Beatrice Ronchini, Francesca Torti
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n6p13

Abstract:
Attitude towards finance and financial attitude are very different constructs. Despite the popularity of the latter, it has recently been subject to criticism. Following Di Martino and Zan (2010), the former explicitly considers emotions and beliefs (about self and finance) and the mutual relationship between them. At present, there is a paucity of evidence on how ‘attitude toward finance’ may impact financial knowledge: this is a new area of inquiry in academic literature. Research is at a preliminary stage, although the jigsaw of financial literacy is receiving greater attention worldwide. This study measures individual attitudes towards finance and determines the effects of this profile on financial knowledge level. It uses about 500 economics students in Italy as sample respondents. It is based on a structured questionnaire survey as a data collection method. The data is analysed using Structural Equation Modeling. A significant positive correlation is found between financial knowledge and attitude toward finance. The direction of causality is found to be from attitude toward finance to financial knowledge, and this finding suggests that attitude toward finance can play an important role in financial education. Among the various dimensions of attitude toward finance, emotional disposition towards finance, and secondly, the self-confidence level, are the most influential factors on economic students’ financial knowledge level. Gender is also found to be closely correlated to both financial knowledge and attitude toward finance. Findings mainly suggest the importance of attitude toward finance on financial knowledge. For policymakers, the results of this study could indicate new ways of solving the financial illiteracy problem.
Stephen Lee
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p89

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 17 No. 5, 2022
Maela Giofré Giofré
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p23

Abstract:
This paper investigates the effect of time-varying stock market correlations on the abrupt and persistent decrease of the reciprocal foreign investments by Euro area member countries after 2007. A strong stock market correlation reduces the diversification opportunities and it may therefore have affected the reciprocal investment by EMU countries. The 2007 represents both the outbreak of the global financial crisis and the beginning of the enlargement process. The two events have had a very different impact on the stock returns’ correlation among EMU members. While the enlargement to new countries has reduced the average returns’ correlation within the Euro area as a whole, the financial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis have led to an increase in stock returns’ correlation among old member states. We find that, among old EMU countries, core countries have been particularly affected by stock returns’ correlation. They reduced their equity investments both in foreign EMU core and in foreign EMU periphery economies after the crisis, with a particularly pronounced contraction witnessed by those country-pairs that displayed highly correlated asset returns. These results highlight the importance of the diversification motive for international portfolio investments and complement the institution-based explanation of the decline of the Euro area investments.
Nina Schumacher
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p1

Abstract:
This study examines the perspective of German venture investors on the success factors of digital start-ups at the micro- (entrepreneurial personality), macro- (contextual factors), and meso- (business model) levels and derives an integrated, evidence-based working model of entrepreneurial success. This study follows a mixed-methods design, using theory-driven semi-structured expert interviews to collect quantitative and qualitative data. Triangulation of the data ensures that the results are unbiased. The study shows that the business model and single components of the business model are the least relevant success factors of digital start-ups from the perspective of German venture capitalists. Moreover, this study has some evidence of the relevance of venture capital availability as a contextual factor. Instead, the results show, in line with the literature, that personality factors in general and team leadership skills, in particular, seem to have a significant impact on the success of digital start-ups from the perspective of German venture capitalists.
Nawahel Said Nasser Al-Junaibi, Abdulkadir Shehu, Asma Yahya Al Rawahi, Maryam Hamood Said Al-Toubi
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p42

Abstract:
The adoption and use of new technology have seen a rapid increase and evolution worldwide. This phenomenon is especially prevalent in developed countries. Therefore, this study examines the technology readiness in terms of e-Services adoption among Omanis. Based on the Technology readiness (TR) Index 2.0, the people’s propensity to embrace and use e-Services in Oman is explored. The TR involves understanding four-dimension optimism, innovativeness, discomfort, and insecurity, explaining the readiness and use of e-Services in this study. Using a quantitative approach, SPSS performs fundamental descriptive analysis on 322 responses. Subsequently, further assessment is conducted using the Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) software. Thus, the analysis of this study consists of two stages: the assessment of measurement and the structural model. Findings suggest a strong relationship between optimism and innovativeness towards e-service adoption among Omanis, validating the proposed framework. Additionally, discomfort and insecurity are found to have no significant effect on the adoption of e-Services. These findings were then used as a basis to provide recommendations and facilitate government and other non-government agencies responsible for e-Services.
Ashraf Elsafty, Mahmoud Oraby
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p58

Abstract:
Human resource is an important asset in any organization. Therefore, organizations need not only attract experienced and talented employees to the organization, but they also need to keep them for a long time. This paper reviews the findings and the results of researchers to find and explore the relationship between employee training and employee retention. Training is an important factor to enhance organizational performance and is considered the main strategy to influence employee retention. However, there is not sufficient investment in training practices because some managers see training as an expensive risk. Based on Human Capital Theory and Herzberg’s theory, this research closely looked at the impact of training on employee retention, because the most important employee retention strategy is employee training. The study focuses on the impact of Training and development, job performance, job satisfaction, and effective communication on employee retention, a field study was performed using a questionnaire method to collect data from employees working in the private sector in Egypt. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 28.0, and statistical significance was set at a = 0.05. and the results are that training and development, and job performance positively impact employee retention however job performance has no impact on employee retention, effective communications have no impact on the relationship between job performance and employee retention.
Affran S., E. N. Gyamfi
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p75

Abstract:
The purpose is to explain to university management in Ghana how to use strategic relationship marketing stratagems (SRMS) to attain sustainable retention which is viewed from a sustained competitive arena. A hypothetical model (“Susten Model”) is provided to serve as a guide (which is yet to be subjected to intellectual scrutiny). A cross-sectional survey was used with the help of a structured questionnaire. Data was collected from 500 respondents (senior members- both staff and non-teaching staff) and were examined through SmartPLS 3 and SPSS. The former was used to analyse the structural relationship of the variables while the latter was equally used for the descriptive analysis. The finding publicized that within the context of Ghana, universities can attain sustainable retention through the use of strategic relationship marketing stratagems if these stratagems are treasured as a strategic marketing resource. The phenomenon deserves further research because data were collected from some selected universities in these cities (Accra, Kumasi, and Cape Coast) in Ghana. Future research can expand on the database for empirical legitimacy. For retention sustainability, the SRMS advocates that management should have a conflict resolution chamber to resolve students’ protests promptly, deliver first-class educational services and institute an effective and efficient educational communication system. These stratagems are competitively enhanced when management is well trusted, accessible, students are made to feel part of university management and finally, the conflict resolution mechanism is made to be swift. It underpins and advances the frame of information concerning relationship marketing by introducing this new concept “strategic relationship marketing.”
Ishan S. Kapoor, Sunint Bindra, Monika Bhatia
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n5p13

Abstract:
Purpose: This paper discusses and presents the importance, scope, and limitations of machine learning in the area of financial decision-making. The purpose of the study is to find out the areas of application of machine/deep learning in the accounting and finance domain and also to identify challenges in adoption. Design/methodology/approach: The current study is qualitative review-based research, where the systematic approach to reviewing the existing body of literature has been used. This article employs a thoughtful literature review of selected articles in identified journals that were subsequently evaluated through desktop analysis. All papers were selected based on the search in Google scholar. To enhance the quality of research, a scholarly filtration technique was employed. Only papers listed and accepted by the academia were shortlisted. The second criteria were to identify the keywords in the area of interest. The final step included only papers listed in established databases like Google Scholar, SCOPUS & ABDC. Findings: The findings of the study indicate the importance of machine learning in financial decision-making and prediction. Advanced mathematical models such as unsupervised machine learning techniques have become the need of the hour to model complex non-linear relationships in financial systems, where complex business situations are resulting in the generation of 'Big Data' and 'Alternate Data'. However, there are many challenges in applying ML/DL models in these prediction models especially when the modeling in finance involves behavioral aspects of extremely dynamic customers and markets. The findings further indicate major research trends associated with machine learning in accounting and finance. Originality/value: This is a novel study in the area of accounting and financial research, which requires considerable attention for interdisciplinary research.
Stephen Lee
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 17; https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v17n4p127

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 17 No. 4, 2022
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