International Journal of Business and Management

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 18333850 / 18338119
Current Publisher: Canadian Center of Science and Education (10.5539)
Total articles ≅ 3,568
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Stephen Lee
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p217

Abstract:
Reviewer Acknowledgements for International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 15 No. 4, 2020
Wen Hua
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p210

Abstract:
Based on the data of China Labor Statistical Yearbook, this paper analyzes the characteristics of the labor population structure and human capital accumulation by industry, and finds that the labor population structure presents the following characteristics: (1) the Labour force is concentrated in service industry; (2) the proportion of labor force in emerging and high skilled industries is small; (3) there is age structure differentiation among industries. The accumulation of human capital is characterized by: (1) a shortage of human capital accumulation in productive industries; (2) a large gap in human capital accumulation in different industries. Therefore, no matter from the perspective of labor population structure or human capital accumulation, there are some structural differentiation problems among different industries, which is directly related to the enjoyment of second demographic dividend. Therefore, we must pay attention to the structural differentiation of labor population distribution and human capital accumulation among industries, and improve the education and training system, employment security system, labor mobility system as well as social security system, so as to eliminate the second demographic dividend barrier caused by structural differentiation.
Xiang Qian
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p182

Abstract:
This study aimed to examine the influence of culture on the conflict management styles of Chinese executives when interacting with their German staff in Chinese companies located in Germany. A mixed method was employed. First off questionnaire survey was completed and the data was analyzed with t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient methods, then semi-structured interview was conducted and the qualitative content analysis method was used for analysis. This study found that IDV, UAI, IVR dimensions had significant powerful influence on conflict styles of Chinese and German managers; the cultural orientations of Chinese and Germans had also been altered, but their favorite styles remained the same due to the factors, namely: cultural regression, stability of national culture, and various dialectics.
Robertson Amoah, Kwarteng Peter
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p157

Abstract:
The study examined the relationship between financial liberalization and productivity growth of the three economic sectors in Ghana by using the yearly data over the period 1970-2013. In the analysis; the credits provided to private sector, investment, trade liberalization and capital account openness are considered as indicators of financial liberalization while sector level value added as a percentage of GDP represents productivity growth. The stationarity of the series and the long run relationship are analyzed by means of Zivot-Andrews (1992) and Clemente, Montanes and Reyes (1998) tests and Gregory Hansen tests in which structural breaks are considered. The findings of the study revealed that increasing spending on the productive sectors of the economy will yield a positive result of sustainable productivity growth at sector levels. However, government initiated structural reform that is not accompanied by sound macroeconomic policies may not have a lasting effect, since the effect of such reform in the long run growth path could be thrown out of gear by other external shocks. The positive effect of financial liberalization on productivity growth can be broadly confirmed in all the three economic sectors. Future studies could be focused on whether financial liberalization will make anticipated impact on sector level productivity growth using primary data from the various sectors of the economy in a survey study using structural modeling.
Mahsa Madani Hosseini
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p112

Abstract:
The three key drivers of a project success include cost, completion time, and scope, the interplay of which have a significant impact on the decision making in project management. In this study, we propose a theoretical framework to be used as a Project Management Decision Support System for understanding and balancing the interplay between the project cost and quality, which is a key component of the project scope. To this end, we develop a Decision Support Contract (DSC) for a project manager when outsourcing to a contractor whose delivery outcome is subject to quality risk. On the one hand, to reduce the risk of project failure, the contractor can invest in a quality improvement effort, the cost of which is the contractor’s private information. On the other hand, the contractor’s decision on quality improvement is unobservable to the project manager. In designing the DSC, we consider both problems resulting in information asymmetry between the project manager and the contractor. We first obtain the first-best solution assuming that the cost efficiency of the contractor is publicly known, and then solve for the second-best optimal cost plus incentive fee (CPIF) contract under information asymmetry. Our comparative study between the first- and second-best contracts reveals that the project manager may prefer to incur efficiency loss due to underinvestment decision by the high-cost contractor to reduce the information rent demanded by the low-cost contractor. Finally, we compare the effectiveness of CPIF contract to that of fixed-price contract, which enables us to characterize the value of incentive fee term for the project manager. This latter analysis reveals that incentive-fee term is more valuable when the improvement effort is more likely to reduce the quality failure risk.
Eman Mohd Naim Yassien, Fayez Jumaa Alnajjar
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p138

Abstract:
Information Systems (IS) ecosystems change rapidly which makes IS projects’ success challenging. Project success eventually impacts organizational competitive advantage which is a major concern for telecommunication organizations. dynamic capabilities (DC) are needed for organizations to continually transfer, shift and reallocate their organizational capabilities according to the dynamic changes occur in the surrounding ecosystem. This paper aims at investigating the impact of organizational dynamic capabilities (DC) on IS project success in telecommunication organizations in Jordan. A survey is used as an instrument of research in order to achieve the research’s main objectives. The study is carried out by surveying (233) employees who participated in IS projects. The survey paragraphs are validated and approved by a panel of experts. Consequently, data extracted from the questionnaire is statistically analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and AMOS applications. The findings reveal that employees in telecommunication organizations recognize and apply the concept of DC (Dynamic Capabilities) at a (High) level. Results also show that rate of IS projects success in telecommunication organizations in Jordan is (High). It also shows that DC along with its four main dimensions, contribute in all three dimensions of IS project, and that project capabilities play a major role mediating the impact of DC on IS project success. The study has several contributions on both academic and practical levels. For example, it links DC for becoming basis for software projects success.
Lemuel K. David
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p129

Abstract:
Over the years several developing countries have prioritized providing powerful new resources including incentives to grow the economy and small businesses in their region, revitalize targeted areas of various cities and promote strong, balanced growth throughout the communities. However, the provision of incentives to grow small businesses and the economy at large is still in its infant stage in Liberia. Against this background, the objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the tax rate on the incentives to grow small enterprises in Montserrado County, Republic of Liberia. The specific objective of this study was to identify the effect of the tax rate on the incentives to grow small enterprises in Montserrado County and identify the factors that leads to the high tax rate on incentives to grow small enterprises. To carry out this study, the study used the casual mapping model and the Decision Explore software introduced by Ackermann et al. To identify these effects/factors. The study also used publish reports from the IMF (International Monetary Fund) on small enterprises in Liberia, specifically Montserrado County, Government official websites, including the Liberia Revenue Authority website (LRA), etc. These reports were cited and analysed using the casual mapping model, and coded using the Decision Explorer software. To identify the effects the of tax rate and the factors that lead to a high tax rate on incentives to grow small enterprises, the map central analysis was used for analysis purposes. Findings from the study revealed that there is a significant effect of the tax rate on the incentives to grow small enterprises in Montserrado County Republic of Liberia as a result of several factors. The study also concluded that tax is a tool for fiscal policy employed by the government to influence small Enterprises negatively or positively depending on the nature of enterprise activities in a country. The study recommended that the Government of Liberia adopt china’s incentives policy that has been successfully implemented in providing incentives to small enterprises for them to grow. Considering how China’s economy has grown tremendously over the years as a result of the incentives policy, the research conclude that if this practices is adopted and implemented in Liberia, this will boost the growth of small enterprises and the economy to a larger extent.
Maria Cristina Arcuri, Gino Gandolfi, Manou Monteux, Giovanni Verga
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p87

Abstract:
This paper examines the main determinants of corporate euro-bond spread. We analyse a large sample of corporate euro-country bonds over the period May 2005 -January 2012, considering three sub-periods: May 2005- July 2007 (pre-crisis period), August 2007-April 2010 (worldwide financial crisis) and May 2010-January 2012 (European sovereign debt crisis). We show that both liquidity risk and risk related to the country of the issuing firms affect corporate bond spread. We also find that the market yield of corporate bonds issued in the main European countries is, other things being equal, strongly influenced by the risk of the corresponding sovereign bonds and Credit Default Swap (CDS). Finally, we compare the yields of bonds issued by banks with those of bonds issued by firms from other sectors and find that the spread, other things being equal, is significantly higher for banks. These findings may have operating implications for market activity, regulators and policy makers.
Vincenzo Sforza, Riccardo Cimini, Alessandro Mechelli, Taryn Vian
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p98

Abstract:
This paper provides a systematic and bibliometric review of 80 research articles on corruption in healthcare published in peer-reviewed journals between 2006 and 2017. Findings suggest that the number of studies has increased over time with a focus on low- and middle-income countries; academic researchers have published papers in a large variety of journals and have investigated different types of corruption with various methodologies. The interest is especially focused on low- and middle-income countries where corrupt behaviors are more common. The paper suggests future research directions to a dynamic research community to facilitate anticorruption actions by public authorities.
Stefano Di Lauro, Aizhan Tursunbayeva, Gilda Antonelli, Marcello Martinez
International Journal of Business and Management, Volume 15; doi:10.5539/ijbm.v15n4p53

Abstract:
Social media have created a multitude of ways for organizations to develop and disseminate their corporate and organizational identity. However, little is still known about how identity can be observed on social media. To address this research gap, we conducted a scoping review that collected, analyzed and synthesized the corpus of published research on organizational and corporate identity and social media. The analysis presented in this paper provides a description of the state-of-the-art on this topic that we hope can help future scholars to understand the various methodological approaches and types of data most pertinent to the exploration of organizational and corporate identity on social media, even though, overall, it reveals that there are relatively few studies with a reliable and universal method for measuring these concepts. This guarantees that future research will be necessary. Practitioners may also wish to draw on our findings to design more tailored ways of strengthening their organizational and corporate identity.