Journal of Oral Science
ISSN / EISSN : 1343-4934 / 1880-4926
Published by: Nihon University School of Dentistry (10.2334)
Total articles ≅ 1,450
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 358-360; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.21-0070
Introducing new technology in the dental school curriculum may face some uphill challenges navigating through university-level bureaucracy, financial ramifications, and influencing the mindset of certain faculty. A dental school that relies heavily on teaching traditional restorative procedures may particularly face many challenges to embrace new technology. The restorative department at a US dental school created a division of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) dentistry to introduce the concept of digital dentistry to dental students and faculty. This article describes methods that were adopted to improve acceptance and increase the productivity of chairside CAD/CAM restorations for both students and faculty at the dental school in US.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 306-309; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.21-0196
Purpose: This study compared the removability of AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers using in vitro micro-computed tomography. Methods: Ten single-canal, extracted human teeth were cleaned and shaped with ProTaper NEXT rotary files to size X5 (50/0.06) (Dentsply-Sirona). Canals were obturated with a single cone gutta-percha and either AH Plus (Dentsply-Sirona) (Group A) or EndoSequence BC (Brasseler) (Group B). ProTaper Universal Retreatment files (Dentsply-Sirona) were used to remove obturation materials after 90 days at 37oC/100% humidity. Each tooth was scanned using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan 1272; Bruker) at an isotropic resolution of 6 μm from which the percent of material removed was calculated. Two-sample t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used for analysis. Results: The percent removal of materials in the coronal third was 92.9% ± 7.3% (Group A) and 93.2% ± 6.1% (Group B). Removal in the middle third was 94.9% ± 8.5% (Group A) and 96.5% ± 6.1% (Group B). Apical third removal was 76.2% ± 27.9% (Group A) and 70.1% ± 30.8% (Group B). No statistically significant differences were determined between the two sealers or among the sectional thirds within each group (P > 0.05). Conclusion: AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers exhibit the same removability at all canal levels of 70% to 96%, with better removal coronally.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 341-346; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.21-0164
Purpose: This study aimed to determine expressions of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and MET proto-oncogene receptor tyrosine kinase (MET) in palatal periosteum (PP) and to examine the effect of HGF/MET on osteogenic differentiation of human palatal periosteum-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PD-MSCs). Methods: HGF/MET proteins in human palatal periosteum (n = 3) were localized using immunohistochemistry. PD-MSCs (n = 3) were cultured in serum-free Essential 8 (E8) medium or osteogenic medium with and without Capmatinib, a selective ATP-inhibitor of MET. HGF concentration in vitro was measured with ELISA. Relative gene expression was quantified from PD-MSCs by quantitative reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: Immunohistochemistry detected co-localization of HGF and MET protein in PP. HGF protein levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in osteogenic media (day 21: 12.19 ± 8.36 ng/mL) than in E8 medium (day 21: 0.42 ± 0.72 ng/mL). MET inhibitor had a limited feedback effect on the expression profile of the osteogenic genes tested. Gene expression levels for all but three genes were comparable in serum-free and osteogenic media at all time points. Conclusion: HGF/MET present in human PP and HGF is upregulated in vitro during osteogenesis; however the targeted pathways controlled by MET may not involve osteoblast maturation.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 31-36; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.20-0082
Purpose: This study evaluated the flexural strength of bulk-fills after immersion in food-simulating solvents. Methods: Four overlapping segments along both sides of bar-shaped specimens (25 × 2 × 2 mm) made from bulk-fill composite were irradiated with an Elipar LED light-curing (1,200 mW/cm2 for 20 s) device. The specimens were then divided into four groups (n = 20), according to storage media—namely, distilled water, 99% ethanol, heptane, and methyl ethyl ketone—at 37oC for 4 weeks. Flexural testing was done with a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Results: Data were analyzed with the two-way and one-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey (HSD) tests (P < 0.05), along with the Weibull statistic. Flexural properties significantly differed in relation to the bulk-fill and solvent used. The flexural properties of bulk-fills decreased in solvents. SonicFill in distilled water had the highest values for flexural properties (σf = 165.77 MPa; Ef = 10.3 GPa), followed by the values for SonicFill in ethanol and those for X-tra base and everX Posterior in water. Venus Bulk Fill in methyl ethyl ketone yielded the lowest values (σf = 74.11 MPa; Ef = 3.06 GPa). Conclusion: The flexural properties of bulk-fills are affected by the food-simulating solvent used and by the filler content, type, and resin component.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 101-103; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.19-0510
A simple sandwich technique using buttons to compress grafted tissue combined with a tie-over technique for intraoral split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) is introduced. This technique yielded an excellent engraftment rate (90.5%) and no instances of total graft failure were recorded. This simple sandwich technique for STSGs is readily applicable and inexpensive, and the present results show that it would be potentially useful for repair of defects in the oral cavity.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.19-0331
WaveOne Gold, ProTaper Gold, Reciproc Blue, ProTaper Next, WaveOne and ProTaper files were selected to compare the phase transformation behaviors and mechanical properties of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary files after gold heat and blue heat treatments. The reverse transformation finishing point temperatures of WaveOne Gold, ProTaper Gold, ProTaper Next and WaveOne were higher than those of the other two instruments investigated. At a deflection of 0.5 mm, the loads were significantly varied except for ProTaper Next and ProTaper Gold. At a deflection of 3.0 mm, the loads of Reciproc Blue and WaveOne Gold were significantly varied compared to WaveOne and ProTaper. Cycles to failure were reduced in the order of WaveOne Gold, Reciproc Blue, ProTaper Gold, ProTaper Next, WaveOne and ProTaper. NiTi instruments after gold heat and blue heat treatments exhibited significantly higher bending properties and cyclic fatigue resistances, representing an improved performance over traditional and M-wire instruments.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 18-21; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.19-0518
This in vitro study was performed to evaluate the surface roughness (Ra) and morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of composite resins that had been stored in acidic solutions typical of those present in the diet. Three composite resins (4 Seasons, Z250, and P90) were selected and divided into three groups (n = 7) according to the solutions tested: G1: distilled water; G2, Coca-cola, and G3: orange juice. The Ra test was repeated after immersion periods of 15, 90, and 180 days. The mean Ra values were subjected to LS means analysis and the Tukey-Kramer (P < 0.05). One test specimen of each composite resin was selected for SEM analysis after each period. The Ra data indicated that P90 had the lowest Ra values. 4 Seasons and Z250 had statistically similar roughness values for all the solutions and evaluation periods. With the exception of 180-day immersion in Coca-cola, 4 Seasons showed significantly higher values than Z250. SEM analysis showed that P90 was the composite resin most resistant to the actions of all acid solutions for the periods analyzed. Interaction between components of the solutions and the active components of other dietary items, as well as oral hygiene, may affect the chemical degradation of composite resins.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 65-69; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.20-0325
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of heating on the physical properties of four types of premixed calcium silicate-based root canal sealers. Endoseal MTA, Well-Root ST, EndoSequence BC Sealer, EndoSequence BC Sealer HiFlow, and AH Plus (epoxy resin root canal sealer) were heated at 100°C for 1 min, and changes in setting time, flow, and film thickness were evaluated in accordance with ISO 6876:2012 standards. In addition, pH measurement and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analyses of the set materials were performed. All root canal sealers heated at 100°C showed significant decreases in setting time and flow, particularly Endoseal MTA. In addition, the film thickness of Endoseal MTA increased significantly after heating at 100°C. The pH and SEM/EDS results were not affected by heating. Heating calcium silicate-based root canal sealers accelerated setting time, decreased flow, and increased film thickness. However, the degree of these changes varied among the products. The present findings indicate that heat-induced changes in the physical properties of calcium silicate-based root canal sealers could adversely affect the quality of warm vertical condensation technique.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 4-7; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.20-0437
Numerous studies have confirmed the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for chronic pain, and it is generally regarded as an appropriate intervention. However, it may not be effective for some pain sites, and the duration of the effect may be limited. In addition, some studies of CBT lacked a comparison group. This review summarizes evidence for the effectiveness of CBT for orofacial pain and assists in the development of guidelines for orofacial pain management. A literature search in PubMed was performed for studies published from April 1990 through March 2020. The search keywords were “burning mouth syndrome,” “temporomandibular disorders,” “myofascial pain syndrome,”“chronic orofacial pain conditions,” “cognitive behavioral therapy,” and “non-pharmacological therapy.” The results indicate that CBT alone or in combination with other treatments, such as intraoral appliance, stress management, or biofeedback, is effective for the vast majority of orofacial pain cases. Therefore, dentists should consider using CBT to manage orofacial pain in their patients.
Journal of Oral Science, Volume 63, pp 37-40; https://doi.org/10.2334/josnusd.20-0090
Purpose: This study assessed the effectiveness of incobotulinum toxin type A (IBTx) for chronic myofascial pain affecting the masseter and temporal muscles. Methods: Twenty two patients who received a diagnosis of chronic masseter and temporalis myofascial pain were evaluated by using a visual analog pain scale (VAS), digital pressure algometry, and the SF-36 Health Survey at baseline (T0), before IBTx injection. Patients were again evaluated at 2 months (T1) and 7 months (T2) after IBTx injection. Results: VAS scores for pain significantly differed (P = 0.029, Friedman test). Post-hoc tests showed a significant reduction in pain at 2 months (T0–T1) and 7 months (T0–T2) (P = 0.011 and P = 0.028, respectively; Wilcoxon test) but not between 2 and 7 months (P = 0.676; Wilcoxon test). There was no significant difference in pressure algometry values (P = 0.385, Friedman test). Quality of life (QOL) assessment showed a significant difference (P = 0.002, Friedman test). Post-hoc tests showed a significant improvement in QOLat 2 months, but no significant difference at 7 months (P = 0.004 and P = 0.260, Wilcoxon test). Conclusion: IBTx injection resulted in safe, effective short-term pain relief for patients with chronic facial pain affecting the masseter and temporalis muscles.