Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2365-6433 / 2365-7448
Current Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1007)
Former Publisher: , Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1007) Springer Science and Business Media LLC (10.1007)
Total articles ≅ 224
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Francesco Petrosino, Debolina Mukherjee, Gerardo Coppola, Maria Teresa Gaudio, Stefano Curcio, Vincenza Calabro, Francesco Marra, Prosun Bhattacharya, Umapada Pal, Nabil Khélifi, et al.
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-13; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00251-w

Abstract:
Over the past two decades, several deadly viral epidemics have emerged, which have placed humanity in danger. Previous investigations have suggested that viral diseases can spread through contaminants or contaminated surfaces. The transmission of viruses via polluted surfaces relies upon their capacity to maintain their infectivity while they are in the environment. Here, a range of materials that are widely used to manufacture personal protective equipment (PPE) are summarized, as these offer effective disinfection solutions and are the environmental variables that influence virus survival. Infection modes and prevention as well as disinfection and PPE disposal strategies are discussed. A coronavirus-like enveloped virus can live in the environment after being discharged from a host organism until it infects another healthy individual. Transmission of enveloped viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 can occur even without direct contact, although detailed knowledge of airborne routes and other indirect transmission paths is still lacking. Ground transmission of viruses is also possible via wastewater discharges. While enveloped viruses can contaminate potable water and wastewater through human excretions such as feces and droplets, careless PPE disposal can also lead to their transmission into our environment. This paper also highlights the possibility that viruses can be transmitted into the environment from PPE kits used by healthcare and emergency service personnel. A simulation-based approach was developed to understand the transport mechanism for coronavirus and similar enveloped viruses in the environment through porous media, and preliminary results from this model are presented here. Those results indicate that viruses can move through porous soil and eventually contaminate groundwater. This paper therefore underlines the importance of proper PPE disposal by healthcare workers in the Mediterranean region and around the world.
Driss Ouazar, , , Abdelghani Chehbouni
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-24; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00253-8

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Aymen Halleb, Fumio Yokoyama, Marcos Antonio das Neves,
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-13; doi:10.1007/s41207-020-00236-1

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, M. Bindi, L. Brilli, S. Costafreda-Aumedes, C. Dibari, L. Leolini, G. Padovan, G. Trombi, A. Karali, K. V. Varotsos, et al.
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-18; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00246-7

Abstract:
The impact of climate change on the agricultural systems of three major islands in the Mediterranean basin, namely Sicily, Crete and Cyprus, was evaluated using a suite of specifically calibrated crop models and the outputs of a regional circulation model for Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5 downscaled to 12 km of resolution and tested for its effectiveness in reproducing the local meteorological data. The most important annual (wheat, barley, tomato and potato) and perennial (grapevine and olive tree) crops were selected to represent the agricultural systems of the islands. The same modelling framework was used to test the effectiveness of autonomous adaptation options, such as shifting sowing date and the use of varieties with different growing season length. The results highlighted that, on average, warmer temperatures advanced both anthesis and maturity of the selected crops, but at different magnitudes depending on the crop and the island. Winter crops (barley, wheat and potato) experienced the lowest impact in terms of yield loss with respect to the baseline, with even some positive effects, especially in Sicily where both wheat and barley showed a general increase of 9% as compared to the baseline, while potato increased up to + 17%. Amongst perennial crops, olive tree showed low variation under RCP 4.5, but on average increased by 7% under RCP 8.5 on the three islands. Climate change had a detrimental effect specifically on tomato (− 2% on average in RCP 8.5 and 4.5 on the three islands) and grapevine (− 7%). The use of different sowing dates, or different varieties, revealed that for winter crops early autumn sowing is still the best option for producing wheat and barley in future periods on the three islands under both future scenarios. For tomato and potato, advancing sowing date to early winter is a winning strategy that may even increase final yield (+ 9% for tomato and + 17% for potato, on average). For grapevine, the use of late varieties, while suffering the most from increasing temperatures and reduced rainfall (− 15%, on average), is still a valuable option to keep high yield levels with respect to earlier varieties, which even if showing some increases with respect to the baseline have a generally much lower production level. The same may be applied to olive tree although the production differences between late and early varieties are less evident and climate change exerts a favourable influence (+ 4 and + 3% for early and late varieties, respectively).
, Amal Souissi, Nabil Abid, Saber Masmoudi
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-5; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00254-7

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, Hanane Benqlilou, Mohamed EbnTouhami, Hakima Nassali, Tounsi Belhaj, Khalifa Berrami, İlyas Mansouri, Bennaceur Ouaki
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-16; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00244-9

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
, E. Chirino, S. Fkiri, H. Aouinti, H. Moutahir, J. Bellot, T. Rzigui, A. Khaldi, Z. Nasr
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-11; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00250-x

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-14; doi:10.1007/s41207-020-00219-2

The publisher has not yet granted permission to display this abstract.
Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, Volume 6, pp 1-3; doi:10.1007/s41207-021-00248-5

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