Advances in Literary Study

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2327-4034 / 2327-4050
Published by: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. (10.4236)
Total articles ≅ 168
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Latest articles in this journal

Najwa Ghneem
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 234-273; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.102019

Abstract:
The Egyptian critic ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ḥammouda grew in an important period of the twentieth century that is characterized by benefitting from the Western critical theories. The Arab critics’ responses to them varied in attitude and interaction. In that period, the Arab critic stood at a sharp turning point, torn by his desire to keep up with modernism, and his tendency to create an Arab modernism that establishes a modern critical method. Western modernism fascinated a lot of Arab critics and thus, it prevailed and abolished the identity of the classical and modern Arab critic, who got lost amidst the various critical trends. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ḥammouda’s project embodied one of the most important theoretical references of modern Arab criticism in which he drew from the Arab classical culture and Western cultural wells, combining between the originality of the Arab heritage and the modernism of the incoming Western knowledge. This study discusses in detail Hammouda’s theory and makes conclusions, which are mainly based on his views in his two main books: al-Maraya al-Muḥadaba. Min al-Bunyawiya ila al-Tafkikiya (1999), which was considered by some critics to be antagonistic to the modernistic critics; and al-Maraya al-Muqa ʿara naḥwa Naẓariya Naqdiya ʿArabiya (2001). The study concludes that Ḥammouda’s theory constitutes a visionary promising solution that can help get the modernist Arab critics and criticism out of their labyrinth.
Linggang Kong
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 291-297; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.103021

Abstract:
The Dream of the Red Chamber (Hong Lou Meng) was written in the late 18th century and is known throughout China as the greatest classical novel. From the early 19th century to the mid-20th century, the translation of this classical novel constantly appeared in the English-speaking world. However, there were section translations, abridge translations and compiled translations. In the 1970s and 1980s, the full translation was finally realized. This article is divided into five parts: Firstly, it introduced the status and background of The Dream of the Red Chamber. Secondly, in the literature review part, it reviewed the three stages of The Dream of the Red Chamber translation in academic circles. Thirdly, it reviewed the translation history of The Dream of the Red Chambers. Fourthly, Bonsall’s story was told and the background of his full translation was presented. Finally, the three full translations were summarized, and suggestions were given for further study.
Ruixuan Feng
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 298-303; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.103022

Abstract:
The Corner of Altay was written in the flourishing period when non-fiction literature entered the field of public view in China. It is the creation of this collection of essays that makes The Corner of Altay become one of the representative works of non-fiction literature and also makes Li Juan one of the representative writers of non-fiction literature. The Corner of Altay has the characteristics of non-fiction literature and the aesthetic value of prose at the same time. This paper will briefly describe the value of non-fiction prose in The Corner of Altay from the perspective of the two parts.
Yuhui Zeng
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 313-320; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.104024

Abstract:
Universality in literature means that a piece of literary work is able to reflect universal emotions and evoke responses from men of every face. The essay believes that Emily Brontë’s “Remembrance” is such a poem that achieves universality. It attempts to summarize three universal elements contained in the poem: the universal experience of grief at the death of the beloved, the universal question of “still remember or have forgotten” and the universal truth of living in struggles. These three aspects together reflect the universal emotional progress of a person in the face of long-term deep loss—grief, doubt, fears, guilt, and struggle between the restraint of sadness and indulgence in the wish of death. All these emotions can be seen as universal ways of how one remembers the dead. Besides, with Brontë’s skillful application of poetic devices, it is not difficult for us to sympathize with the emotions expressed in the poem. In a word, Brontë is believed to have made “Remembrance” a poem of universality.
Li Huai Chang, Ding Bang Luh
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 97-110; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.101007

Abstract:
The fairy tales are a cultural legacy continuing to have a powerful enchantment. The story became traditional not by being created but by being retold over the centuries and accepted in changing environments. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, fairy tales are still thriving and have diverse forms of narrative representations. Mainstream cinema today even shows great interest in producing fairy-tale films that seek to hold the attention of a global market with innovative and spectacular adaptations. This paper takes historical retrospect to survey dominant shifts in the reception of fairy tales, in particular the shift in a unique art form and narrative formula. From the féerie, Georges Méliès, Walt Disney, Angela Carter, and the twenty-first-century postmodern hybridity, the findings suggest that the representation of fairy tales shows a certain attitude towards the story, which reflects an aspect of cultural values, beliefs, and viewer preferences in the reception of fairy tales. Findings from this study also indicate that fairy-tale transmission is a feedback loop rolling around with tradition and innovation, taking on a meaning of their own.
Xuan Wang
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 150-162; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.102012

Abstract:
The Old Drift is a historical and fictional novel with magical realism to tell the decades-spanning story of African nations. It revealed kaleidoscopic variety of issues like family, generation, ethnical, national, and environmental problems through the description of several generations’ lives. This article will discuss the main issue of this novel: the problem of vaccine testing on African prostitutes. This essay explores Namwali Serpell’s novel The Old Drift through the lens of the interdisciplinary approach to provide the view on medical ethic and highlight the dehumanization of vaccine testing choosing African prostitutes as targets to fight against AIDS epidemic, which is full of ethnical and racial discrimination in this novel.
Pucheng Wang, Yajuan Gao
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 197-207; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.102016

Abstract:
The present study investigated how English as a foreign language (EFL) writers read and used source texts whilst reading-to-write. Two separate studies were conducted. In Study I, 16 participants were first completing a reading-to-write task on an eye-tracker, and then a stimulated recall session was performed to elicit their text interpretation processes. In Study II, another 172 participants responded to a reading-to-write process questionnaire after completing the same task. Findings from eye-tracking data, stimulated recalls, and questionnaires showed that the participants engaged in several types of text interpretation processes through task completion, and they were using different reading strategies at various stages of reading-to-write to understand and exploit the text provided in the source materials and in their own writings.
Mahmoud Jamal Rayan
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 66-82; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.101004

Abstract:
This research is an interpretive study about the construction of the central character and the detection of the heroic role, and then the meaning and significance in “Hayat” by Mohammad Ali Saeed. The research has adopted an approach illustrated according to a semiotic model labeled as “the Cognitive Semiotic Model” (CSM). This model is concerned with determining the central character in line with textual control that passes through heroism and its quality, and then reaches meaning and significance. In so doing, the paper will pass over absurdity and incongruity and focus on building this work in its narrative process. Besides, the assumption is that reading this story as a model for the collection of Saeed’s stories, “Ahmed and Mordechai,” is somehow obligatory, since it approaches the two most important themes of the short story in general: the character and significance. It will be revealed that the central character is considered a “hero” according to the criteria that will be set in the course of the research. The character of “Ali al-Mahmoud” has constituted an important semiotic element in the development of the event, as it dominated the meaning while it is built till the end.
Dimitrios Politis
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 129-140; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.102010

Abstract:
Gender has always been considered as a basal issue in the field of Children’s Literature. Since children are receptive to the values and impressed by the ideas expounded in what they read, literary texts addressed to children are not just simply for entertainment; they also reflect positively all of society, especially the marginalized. Children’s Literature should inspire and enthuse its audience, while it could be a means of escape, a sanctuary from repression, and a “secret garden” within which children can identify with and rejoice in themselves. In order to illustrate how gender is used both negatively and detrimentally to the perception of the self, and then to examine whether the “sacrifice” of the story for socially correct writing is acceptable or desirable, we will examine in this paper indicatively, but representatively, the presentation of gender in various texts for children, from fairy tales and nursery rhymes to classic or modern novels and adolescents’ fictions. Finally, as this brief study shows, though Children’s Literature cannot on its own subvert ideology, gender definitions, or gender stereotypes, it could shape a new basis for thinking about individuality and humanity, by challenging children to question and to cogitate.
Rania Samir Youssef
Advances in Literary Study, Volume 10, pp 26-37; https://doi.org/10.4236/als.2022.101002

Abstract:
Readers according to Virginia Woolf are co-creators of the text with writers. Reading requires letting imagination loose in order to become transported into a text, thus, eliciting cognitive empathy. Empathy has become recently a field of interest in several disciplines, among which is fiction. Empathic emotions can be elicited in readers, according to Keith Oatley, while reading fiction. This elicitation can be achieved through certain narrative techniques that mostly focus on identification with fictional characters. Using Suzanne Keen’s theory of narrative empathy and the theory of mind, adopted from Cognitive Psychology, this study will attempt to examine how Junot Diaz, in The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, utilizes narration of empathy that relies on alteration in narrative voice and authorial point of view, shifts in narrational focalization and other narrative and linguistic devices to immerse the reader in the story world of his novel. The study aspires to be an addition to the new branch of Cognitive Literary Studies that investigates literature through the focus of brain science and by extension the usefulness of Cognitive Studies to Literary Studies and vice versa.
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