Journal of Governance
ISSN / EISSN : 2528-276X / 2528-276X
Current Publisher: FISIP Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (10.31506)
Total articles ≅ 58
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8915
Decentralization of Indonesian villages provides opportunities for grassroots-level groups to participate in village development. This study explores the participation of women affiliated with women’s groups in the participatory processes of village development planningin the villages of Central Java. Using a mixed-methods strategy, this study found that many members of women’s groups known as women’s village activists have been involved in participatory planning processes, and used the processes to demand programs that improve women and family well-being. Besides, their priority for village development seems to differ from that of the current trend, which heavily focuses on village-scale infrastructure development. On average, this group of women have relatively good levels of education and have been active in community activities. The findings of this study reinforce the argument that women village activists who are quite active in community and grassroots activities are potential representatives in determining the priority of village development.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8971
This article discusses the role of local elites in stimulating community participation in various development programs. As is well known, the Serut Hamlet area in Bantul Regency is fostered by private institutions, while the Blue Lagoon Tourism Village is a village that grows for the benefit of the community's economy. This is where the challenge of empowerment will emerge, namely the many activities that only end in a momentary 'project'. By using a qualitative approach in the form of case studies, our study shows that the contribution of the elite in the empowerment process can be said to be quite large. As it is known, the formal elite, in this case the head of the tourism village management and the hamlet head, are the owners of sufficient power to open and close access to empowerment activities. This is reinforced by the ability of the elite to "care for" the sustainability of activities through various means, namely optimization and mobilization. This elite ability is what makes it a determining factor in the success of community empowerment projects.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9301
Water policy assessment could be multifaceted in nature considering its systemic implications for governance. The context of governing water is constantly changing. Water demand may rise of population growth and economic activities, whilst water service provision may be challenging due to interconnected aspects of water justice, water conflict and water resources management. Policymaking adaptability to change should think about the consequences of the policy design to all stakeholders, including their situation and options and determine the most possible alternative resolutions. Most attention is given to key lessons for development considering the impact of and the need to discuss the issue of water security in a way that could contribute to protecting lives and the environment. To some extent the issue of water security in Indonesia is interconnected with general enabling measures of assessing the existing regulation at the national level. Unambiguous actions may be required at regional and local levels, together with sound socio-economic and socio-cultural institutions and instruments, namely building capacity and advocating partnerships. This primary qualitative research is about providing water security roadmap in West Java as a case in point, contributing to policy discourse on how to govern the complexity of water security issue concerning making model grounded on collaborating local community participation and regional government support.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8868
Decentralization policy in Indonesia has been expanded to the level of the village since 2015. The main purpose of this policy is to improve the performance of village government in providing more effective public service and efforts to poverty alleviation in rural areas. The authors argue that social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity, and resources can be important factors influencing the performance of village government. However, knowledge about to which extent village governments present their actual performance concerning social capital, governance practices, leadership and resources is still not sufficient yet. Using survey data conducted in 2015, this study aims to describe the early state of village government performance and examines links among social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity and resources with village government performance. The survey has selected 10 villages representing upland and lowland areas in Banyumas Regency, Central Java Indonesia. From each village, we choose 30 community leaders to express their opinion on our variables. Data is analyzed by descriptive statistics and ordinal regression since it was an ordinal scale. The result shows that village governments still have a good ability to formulate strategic planning, to realize development outcomes relevant to community needs, to utilize public participation in decision-making stages, to develop community organization capacity and to empower villagers.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9283
This study aims to investigate the limit of the discretion used in administering governance and the forms of responsibility when legal deviations occur. As a government adhering to the Welfare state, the principle of legality took a maximum role insufficiently in serving the interests of the citizens. The discretion appeared as an alternative to fill the gaps and weaknesses in the application of the principle of legality (wetmatigheid van bestuur). Results showed that the implementation of public service decentralization was motivated by the devolution of power from central to local government. This study applied a purposive sampling technique and was analyzed by descriptive qualitative which began with the process of collecting data, simplifying data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions. The results revealed that the use of discretionary power by Government Officials was only able to be applied in particular cases in which the prevailing laws and regulations did not regulate them, or the existing regulations governing them was not clear and it was in an emergency / urgent situation for the public interest. The guidelines for the use of discretion were the General Principles of Good Governance. Meanwhile, the responsibility for discretionary decisions was classified into two, (1) as a job responsibility, and (2) as personal responsibility. As the job responsibility, if acting for / and on behalf of the position (ambtshalve) which there was no element of maladministration. As personal responsibility, if the use of authority was found an element of maladministration.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8159
This research explained the role of women in empowerment and improvement of community literacy through waste management in Muntang Village, Kemangkon District, Purbalingga Regency. The subject of this research was a women leader in ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community namely Roro Hendarti. This research used a qualitative descriptive research method. Data collection was obtained through observation, interview, and documentation. Data were analyzed using data reduction, display and verification. The main informant in this study was Roro Hendarti as the leader of ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community, and the secondary informant was community members of Limbah Pustaka. The theory was used in this research was Astuti's (1998) women's role theory which divides women's roles into three, namely productive roles, domestic roles, and social roles. Roro Hendarti's productive role is in her role in empowering the community and the Limbah Pustaka community through the waste bank as well as training activities such as dancing, sewing, handicrafts, and so on. Domestic role is related to her role as a wife and housewife for her husband and children. Meanwhile, the social role is related to her role in increasing community literacy, especially for children in Muntang Village. Furthermore, she also helps improve their environment to reduce plastic waste. This research is expected to produce a good model or design in waste management, and later it can become an example or model for other communities in Indonesia.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8683
This article discusses and analyzes efforts to treat the coronavirus (also known as Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19)) by the governments of China, South Korea, Italy, and Indonesia. To understand the approaches each country takes is very important to get a clear picture of the efforts, steps, strategies, and policies that are formulated and implemented. To analyze COVID-19 cases in the four countries, the governance analysis framework (GAF) approach from Hamza (in Putra and Sanusi 2019) was used. This approach analyzes four aspects: scope map, stakeholder map, process map, and governance map. Articles utilizing a qualitative approach using descriptive analysis research methods. Data collection techniques used are library studies in the form of books, journal articles, online and conventional news, and the websites of authoritative institutions. Several important findings are general and specific, including, first of all, the four countries have the same orientation in handling and controlling the spread of the coronavirus. Secondly, various actors are actively involved in resolving a pandemic starting with the highest leadership of a country, medical staff and nurses, security agencies, researchers, and so on. Third, the four countries take their respective ways in solving the COVID-19 problem, but generally, they do a lockdown in addition to the health approach. Fourth, China and South Korea are considered successful examples in handling COVID19, otherwise not with Italy and Indonesia. The lack of success in Italy and Indonesia is caused by two factors, the lack of seriousness of the government and ignorance of citizens, resulting in slow handling of control and widespread of the deadly coronavirus.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9161
The success of the COVID19 mitigation policy depends on many things, the most important of which is the performance of the government and the trust between fellow citizens in one state entity. This study aims to see people's perceptions of the government's response to the handling of COVID 19. The method used is an online qualitative survey. This national online qualitative survey represents respondents from 6 (six) major islands in Indonesia, namely Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Papua. The results of this research survey are First, 53.4% of respondents expressed dissatisfaction with the government's performance in handling the COVID 19 Pandemic. Second, 50.2% of respondents stated that Anies Baswedan was the governor whose most responsive governor was the COVID 19 Pandemic. Third, 51.1% of respondents stated that the DKI Jakarta Regional Government is considered to be the most responsive local government to COVID 19. Fourth, 46.7% of respondents chose the provision of massive rapid test kits at Puskesmas as the main thing that must be done by the government for better handling of COVID 19. Fifth, 55.9% of respondents stated that the National Government vis a vis BNPN-the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Corona Virus (COVID 19) as the most authorized institution in handling COVID 19.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7814
This research aims to determine the effectiveness of the Agriculture and Food Department in developing the food security sector in Yalimo Regency and what are the obstacles to its effectiveness. The research design uses qualitative methods with sources of information derived from internal and external informants Yalimo Regency Agriculture and Food Office using purposive sampling techniques. Data collection techniques through in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The results of the study note that the Agriculture and Food Service has not been effective in implementing the development of the food security sector in the Yalimo Regency. The formulation of the development goals of the food security sector that has been implemented has not been effective, because it has not yet had a direct impact on meeting the food needs of the community in the Yalimo Regency. The description of various activities that have been carried out is not on target because the production and productivity of some commodities supporting the food security sector are still low. The Department of Agriculture and Food in the development of food crop commodities only sees the output target and the preparation of various programs and activities not based on the availability of real data according to needs. Meanwhile, the breadth of tasks and authorities developed according to organizational structure, ability, and motivation of employees is still low, and the involvement of various parties in formulating food security policies is not a barrier to the effectiveness of the Agriculture and Food Service in developing the food security sector in Yalimo Regency.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7772
Tangerang City as a city that is implementing the Smart City concept to solve city problems and improve city governance. Since 2016 the Tangerang City Government has been running Smart City by creating a Tangerang LIVE Room with the Tangerang LIVE vision of Liveable, Investable, Visitable, and E-City, the vision is based on the use of information, technology and communication to create a public service system and employee work to the community to be more optimal, efficient and effective. Innovations that are being developed by the City of Tangerang have successfully made 174 Applications. The success of the application made 31 City Governments and Agencies in Indonesia adopt applications owned by the City of Tangerang. The principle of the Tangerang Smart City Partnership aims to accelerate regional development at the local level, increase economic growth and community welfare through optimizing the use of regional resources. A qualitative approach was used in this research by collecting data through library research, interviews and documentation of informants who were directly involved in carrying out these activities. The analysis of this study uses Frans Van Waarden's theory model, the results of the study show that: (1) The actors involved have been from all walks of life, but it is better to increase their involvement, (2) The function of each actor should be improved again to achieve the Tangerang policy objectives Live (3) Network structure is already running, but the good Leading Sector is transferred to the Mayor (4) Institutionalization has not been regulated (5) Rules of action have not been regulated in mayor regulations or regional regulations specifically regarding Smart City (6) Power Relations have been running with good (7) The actor's strategy is well underway to manage his dependency.