Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting
EISSN : 1946-052X
Published by: Macrothink Institute, Inc. (10.5296)
Total articles ≅ 369
Latest articles in this journal
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 39-52; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i2.18930
This paper analyzes the financial crisis effect on French companies accounting conservatism. The study is conducted on a sample of 120 French firms, observed from the year 2005 to 2009. We used the Basu model (1997) to test the effect of the financial crisis on the level of accounting conservatism pre-crisis (2005-2007) and during the crisis (2008-2009). The results showed that companies during the crisis period are not conservative. Managers will tend to be more aggressive by reporting the good news and delaying the recognition of the bad. The effect of the financial crisis is still an important topic to study. In that regard, this study is important. It contributes to the understanding of the relationship between accounting conservatism and financial crisis. The main limitation of the present study is that it limited to the effects in Frensh listed companies.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i2.18846
The purpose of this paper is to identify the impact of market capital MC and net profit NP on stock price SP and trade volume (TV) in the developing Egyptian business context. This study collects data from 29 non-financial organizations registered on the EGX 30 during the 6 month, 1/1/2020 to 30/6/2020, lockdown in Egypt due to the first wave of COVID-19. Data for the monthly confirmed cases and death cases of COVID-19 are collected for the 6 months of the study and compared to the monthly records of closing prices and trade volume in Egyptian poundsEGP. The study population represents 174 firm year observations. The firms studied operate in cash, have annual financial reports during the period 1/1 to 31/12, obtain complete financial data, and have not been eliminated all throughout the study. In this work the pooled model, the fixed effects model, and the random effects model are used.SPSSis applied to achieve the required statistical analysis. The study is a panel data analysis. Outcomes demonstrate existing substantial effects between market capital MC and stock price SP during the first wave of COVID-19. However, no significant effect is evident of the market capital MC and net profit NP with the trade volume TV during the first wave of this pandemic. This literature is advantageous for external and internal stakeholders and regulatory bodies. The study is a modest contribution that may help boost the business processes to reach better financial performance in times of unexpected catastrophes.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 23-38; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i2.18926
Having substantial accountability standards and practices is a vital practice to ensure the survival of Religious-Based Non-Profit Organisations (RNPOs). This is because the RNPOs are not only representing the religion’s ideals but at the same time, there are also responsible in disseminating ethical massage and good values in the community. Since the RNPOs played a significant role in society, many studies have highlighted the need to explore more accountability issues involving RNPOs. Hence, this study aims to provide a taxonomical review of literature that examined RNPOs’ accountability practices and subsequently, suggesting plausible contextual and application gaps for future research. In so doing, this study utilised van Helden and Nortcott’s (2010) and Rozaidy, Siti Nabiha, Rasid, and Raman (2017) taxonomical methods in categorising accountability studies in RNPOs. As a result, four main themes have been identified from 60 selected high-impact journal articles. The four themes are 1) examining the outcomes of corporate integrity and accountability practices; 2) evaluating the RNPOs’ internal control practices; 3) identifying financial reporting disclosures practices among RNPOs; and 4) exploring the influence of leadership skills on RNPOs’ accountability practices.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i1.18704
This paper aims to quantify the effect of the deadly novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak on Chinese stock market performance. Shanghai Stock Exchange Composite Index and its component sector indices are examined in this study. The pandemic is represented by a lockdown dummy, new COVID-19 cases and a dummy for 3 February 2020. First, descriptive analysis is performed on these indices to compare their performances before and during the lockdown period. Next, regression analysis with Exponential Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity specification is estimated to quantify the pandemic effect on the Chinese stock market. This paper finds that health care, information technology and telecommunication services sectors were relatively more pandemic-resistant, while other sectors were more severely hurt by the pandemic outbreak. The extent to which each sector was affected by pandemic and sentiments in other financial and commodity markets were reported in details in this paper. The findings of this paper are resourceful for investors to avoid huge loss amid pandemic outburst and the China Securities Regulatory Commission in handling future pandemic occurrence to cool down excessive market sentiments.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 35-44; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i1.18589
This study proposes a vector autoregressive form for the market model and tests its significance against the market model for information technology (IT) sector stocks in the Indian stock market. The analysis was performed for a sample of nineteen IT sector stocks listed on the National Stock Exchange of India, of which nine stocks were large-cap, six were mid-cap, and four were small-cap. The study period considered was Jan. 1, 2018 – Dec. 31, 2018. The key contribution of the study was the finding that the vector autoregressive model is a better model of stock returns than the market model for IT sector stocks. Thus, IT sector stocks seem to react more to market movements from the previous day than on the day itself. The implication for asset pricing modelling is that systematic risk may be further decomposed into a component corresponding to sensitivity to market movements on the day and a component corresponding to sensitivity to market movements on the previous day. The asset pricing model would be extended to include market risk premia for both of these components of systemic risk. Keywords: market model, vector autoregressive model, IT sector, asset pricing modelling, systematic risk.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 13, pp 22-34; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v13i1.18664
The objective of the study to investigates the impact of COVID-19 epidemic on Saudi stock market performance by using regression model and pairwise granger causality tests. The time series data has been taken for this study from 01 March 2020 to 6 Dec 2020. Coronavirus has been measured in terms of cumulative new corona cases per million, new corona deaths per million, total corona cases per million and total corona deaths per million, whereas stock market return is evaluated in terms of stock market index. The study’s finding reveal that Saudi stock market significance affected by COVID-19. The study also depicts that unidirectional and bidirectional relationship between corona-virus cases and Saudi stock market with the help of granger causality test. We also highlight the main the preventive policies taken by governments related to COVID-19 have affected the stock market.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 12, pp 28-38; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v12i2.17685
The value of any stock market could change for several diverse reasons such as financial, economic and health. The value of the New York Stock Exchange market has reduced drastically in the first quarter of 2020 and expected to reduce further in the upcoming months, according to many economists (Ayittey et al., 2020; White, 2017). It will face a huge blow this year due to the appearance of the unexpected new virus (COVID-19). The New York Stock Exchange has fallen sharply for the first time in 23 years, causing a significant crash in consumer sentiment indexes, thereafter, decreasing the overall global stock market value (Financial Buzz, 2020). Such instances are rarely encountered, making investors to feel insecure and unsafe to make significant decisions about their investments. Together with these uncertainties and fears, many industries were badly affected and many other industries benefited from this global health crisis (Ayittey et al., 2020). Through this research paper, an exploration of the effects of COVID-19 on New York Stock Exchange market are done with support from expert opinions.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 12, pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v12i2.17310
The main objective of this study was to examine whether operating cash flows have incremental information beyond operating net income in explaining dividend changes for a sample of Jordanian industrial firms listed on the Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) during the period 2010-2016 Arguments for operating cash flow information suggest that it is better than accrual net income in reflecting the firm performance and in measuring the firm liquidity. Both performance and liquidity are viewed as significant factors influencing a firm’s dividend policy. To examine this, operating cash flow, operating net income and lagged dividends were incorporated in a regression model. The results of this model indicated that the only significant variables explaining dividend changes were operating net income and lagged dividends with positive and negative coefficients, respectively. An attempt was also made to address the problem of nonlinearity in the relationship between cash flow and dividend changes. The sample of the industrial firms were divided into two groups (high growth and low growth firms) based on market to book value ratio. The results of the two regression models provided evidence consistent with the superiority of accrual operating net income over operating cash flow in explaining dividend changes. The results of this study suggest that Jordanian industrial firms base their dividend policies on accrual net income rather than on cash flows. One possible consequence of this suggestion is that cash dividends are not internally financed and as a result, this would deteriorate the liquidity and solvency position of a firm.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 12, pp 58-78; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v12i2.17362
This study investigated the effect of operational risk on equity returns of Deposit Money Banks (DMBs), using a population consisted of 19 listed deposit money banks in the Nigeria Stock Exchange. 15 DMBs were purposively selected for a period of 15 years 2005 to 2019. Descriptive and inferential statistics were explored for the data analysis which was sourced from the published financial statements of the banks, using dynamic and static panel data. Diagnostics tests were carried out since the application of the Hausman test provided the criteria for choosing between Random Effect Models and Fixed Effect Models. Breusch and Pagan Lagrangian multiplier test was employed to confirm the Hausman test results in order to decide between Random Effects and Pooled OLS. Correlation Matrix for multicollinearity test and cross-sectional dependent test were equally carried out for the study. Three models were estimated, based on the three proxies of the dependent variable. The study found that operational risk had a statistically positive significant effect on return on equity (ROE), while operational risk equally exhibited statistically positive significant effect on ROA. When the controlling variable of FSIZE was introduced, the study exhibited stronger effects which demonstrates that operational risk had a statistically positive effect on ROE, while operational risk with FSIZE had a statistically positive effect on ROA. The study recommends that DMBs managers should carefully carry out due diligence on loan applicants, to ascertain performance trend and creditworthiness of potential and prospective borrowers before advancing loans in order to reduce huge profiles of credit risk exposures.
Asian Journal of Finance & Accounting, Volume 12; https://doi.org/10.5296/ajfa.v12i2.17679
Blockchain will be the future of accounting education. Triple entry accounting system is here, and shared ledger has been considered. From the shared ledger different parties can access transactions. As our discussion reveals that distributed ledger, Smart contract and Blockchain are three important elements in the triple entry accounting system. As a result, blockchain technology is helping the upgrading the process of education system. Blockchain technology is a peer to peer communication that allows participants to secure the settlement of transactions, achieve the transactions and transfer of assets at low cost. With certain advantages there are disadvantages too. Based on performance and acceptance, it is clear that in future the implication of blockchain technology would be developed. The concept of triple accounting has introduced the new way of accounting work replacing accounting standard formula. The blockchain technology eliminates the involvement of third party, maintain transparency and charges low transaction cost. It will save money and time of people as it is secure and due to decentralization, it is not controlled by one single entity. Due to the decentralization, every user of the network can see the file. So, blockchain should the part the Accounting Education in future.