Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 306
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Joel Ivan Gonzalez Cedillo
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-10-18

Abstract:
This work analyzes the ideological war between American fascists and antifascists and the relation between the existence of an ideological consistency among the masses and the emergence of this type of conflict. The storming of the US Capitol in January 2021 by fascists and the activities of fascists and antifascists on social media serve as subjects for the analysis of this ideological war. The purpose of this work is to study literature on ideological wars and analyze how States encourage extremist ideologies based on their own ideological consistencies. The method employed to expose the ideological war is a content analysis of social media used by the Proud Boys and Atlanta Antifascists. The results show that the two competing ideologies cannot coexist peacefully in the same territory and at the same time. The State and the elites agree that the confrontation should end. This work can be useful for academics, policy makers and students working on the issue of fascist and extremist ideologies, as well as for developing ways to fight these ideologies by addressing their enablers.
Natalia Shcherbakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-136-146

Abstract:
The present paper features Russian loan banks that use new information and digital banking technologies. The research involved various methodological approaches, including a systematic approach to the analysis of modern banks. The method of comparative analysis made it possible to interpret various indicators of the activities of loan banks. The method of dynamic analysis helped to identify the main trends in the development of the Russian banking sector. The research objective was to identify the main trends and key problems in the digitalization of the Russian banking sector and the risks that accompany the process. The author believes that digital technologies will increase the country's competitiveness and boost its economic development. Digital economy involves the introduction of new technologies in the banking sector, e.g. e-money, digital signature, contactless payment, blockchain technology, the Internet of things, etc. The usual approaches to customer service are being replaced by advanced practices, as the traditional bank is gradually turning into a multifunctional IT company. However, cyber risks are also growing, and their management requires new approaches.
Svetlana Tatarova, Nadezhda Zateeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-58-65

Abstract:
Rural areas are an important basis for the development of Russian economy. However, the problems faced by rural settlements significantly complicate the rural life in modern realities. The research objective was to analyze the current situation in the rural settlements of two national republics of Siberia, namely Buryatia and Tyva, taking into account their geographical, economic, social, economic, and demographic features. The paper covers the most pressing causes of rural degradation, e.g. unemployment, bad conditions for small and medium businesses, no industrial development, etc. In these conditions, rural population have to engage in unskilled agricultural labor, farming, gathering wild plants, berries, and mushrooms, etc. Villagers often get involved in illegal logging, sale of home-brew, uncertified retail trade, etc. Another important factor that hinders rural development is urban migration, which is associated mostly with educated rural population. Villagers suffer from low standard of living, household problems, unemployment, poor social and industrial infrastructure, etc. In addition, the authors also touched upon the problem of preserving traditional culture and language. The abovementioned problems of rural development have negative consequences, decrease agricultural production, and destroy the traditions of rural life.
Evgeny Shumkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-66-77

Abstract:
This article features managerial decisions in business area, where the state plays the role of an external regulator of public relations and the main influencer. The legal tools that affect decision-making in business depend on the social mechanisms of business regulations. The author describes the position of the rational regulator that evaluates the decisions made by a business entity. Positive law is an integral part of objective reality and is a set of codified principles of legally appropriate behavior. Imperative and dispositive regulations of public relations in business area imply that a business entity can choose a model of managerial and entrepreneurial behavior based on the rules provided by the legislator. The active role of the state as an external regulator of the social relations reflects the problem of dissonance between legal and social norms underlying managerial decision-making, which leads to additional economic and transaction costs. The paper also features the problem of frustration conflict between the regulator and the business environment in the context of applying the rationality proposed by the state in business activities and the problem of choosing the right managerial decision for its subjects. By refusing from a radical and negative assessment of the entrepreneur's management decisions, the state can solve this problem. The state needs to be more tolerant to business risks as an alternative rationality, without identifying them with deviant behavior. By preventing alienation of business from the state, one can eliminate the conflict between law and favorable climate in business area, i.e. maximal convergence of social and legal norms.
Maksim Golovchin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-28-38

Abstract:
The research objective was to determine the institutional roles chosen by the teachers in the Vologda Oblast, as well as the social and professional phenomena that shape these roles. The study featured the degree of trust that teachers put on local institutions and their participation in the implementation of institutional rules. The agents were clustered according to their institutional roles based on a sociological online survey of the local teacher community. The obtained classification showed that teachers are more likely to choose the role of opportunistic agents that tend to support new institutions but stick to traditions in their professional activities. The formation of such institutional roles as nonconformists, conformists, and opportunists depends largely on the social and professional well-being of the agents, which, in the case of nonconformism, acquires conflict features. The opportunism displayed by the teaching community can be associated with an attempt to avoid conflicts with colleagues and management. Maximum protection from deviant behavior can improve the educational environment if introduced in the process of institutional planning.
Sergey Chirun, Saydash Sadi
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-19-27

Abstract:
The article introduces the problems of political, institutional, and ethnopolitical processes using the case of the Republic of Tyva. The research featured latent and low-formalized structures that affect the regional political regime and political processes in Russian regions. The research objective was to analyze the influence of such latent structures of power and administration on the regional political regime in the Republic of Tyva. As a general methodological principle, the authors used the polyparadigmatic approach, as well as neo-institutional and poststructuralist methodology. The authors performed a quantitative and qualitative political analysis of five research projects based on questionnaires (2016–2020). The projects belonged to the Department of Applied Sociology and Political Science of the Tyva Institute of Humanitarian and Applied Socio-Economic Research. The analysis also included 23 in-depth expert surveys from 16 focus groups conducted in all areas of the republic. Formal institutions in ethno-national regions of Russia turned out to be incongruous to the modernization processes. They proved to have been replaced by clientele and parantella patterns, where institutional relations are just a by-product of money distribution among the dominant interest groups. However, the authors believe that Sh. V. Kara-ool managed to stabilize internal ethnopolitical processes in the Tyva Republic. The research results can help improve local policy in ethnic regions.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-86-95

Abstract:
The meaning of exhibition and convention activity is currently undergoing serious changes. Contemporary forums and exhibitions promote goods and services, as well as create new social, economic, and political relation standards. The contemporary crisis has revealed some regulatory gaps. However, innovative marketing approach to exhibition and convention events can help industry to recover and grow. Exhibition and convention events produce not only economics effects: they also promote institutional, public, and innovative development. The present research featured cooperation and coordination of stakeholders in exhibition and convention activities, as well as related legal, marketing, and theoretical factors. The research objective was to develop the economy of events – a new methodological approach to assessment of non-material effects of exhibition and convention activity. The research was based on the methods of institutional economics; the paper offers an analysis of existing legal frameworks and standards. The author believes that exhibition and convention sphere needs institutional background based on the interaction of existing norms and methods within event system. This theoretical aspect made it possible to consider the role of events in the context of building sustainable interrelationships between institutes and society, as well as to reinterpret the role of exhibition and convention activity in the modern agenda.
Artem Rada, Irina Gavrilenko, Alina Kolesnik
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-123-128

Abstract:
This study featured the geographic information system of the Kemerovo region (Kuzbass). The research objective was to determine the economic benefits of using various analytical layers of GIS Kuzbass. The authors reviewed the theoretical foundations of geographic information systems, as well as defined the main directions and advantages of their application. The paper introduces a detailed description of GIS Kuzbass and its effect on the local economy. The study involved descriptive, analytical, and comparative methods. Geographic information systems use multifactor information, which is constantly updated and systematized, thus making it possible to manage the territory quite effectively. GIS Kuzbass proved to be extremely effective. First, it can increase budget revenues of urban districts by increasing tax revenues from objects identified by the system. Second, it can increase budgets by obtaining fines for offenses detected by GIS Kuzbass.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-109-122

Abstract:
Small and medium enterprises play an important role in modern national economies. However, many of these enterprises experience difficulties in attracting the necessary investments for operation and further development. Personal finances are usually not enough to solve all problems, especially in crisis conditions. Bank loans are not available for most small and medium businesses because of small fixed assets, poor credit history, and incomplete reporting. As foreign experience shows, alternative forms and methods of obtaining the necessary funds can be an effective way to increase the financing of such enterprises. This review article examines the experience gained in recent years in using alternative financing. This experience is relevant for the current domestic entrepreneurship. Factoring, order financing, warehouse receipts, leasing, trade credit, and crowdfunding proved to be the main alternative financing tools. For each of these financial instruments, the article gives brief characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, requirements for regulatory support, and related types of activities. The research results can help entrepreneurs who have difficulties in financing their production and sale, especially beginners. The results obtained can be used by government authorities to form a policy to improve access of business structures to working capital and investment in Russia and its regions.
Evgeniya Efremova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-39-44

Abstract:
The new social reality increased public interest in the issues of occupational mobility of the youth. The research objective was to determine the tendencies of social practices in this sphere. The author analyzed and generalized scientific publications on the problems of occupational mobility of young population and the related labor market. The paper introduces various interpretations of the concept of "social practices" and systematizes them. The author identified four trends in the social practices: 1) an increase in the flexibility of social practices, 2) an expansion of channels of professional mobility, 3) the development of the Internet industry, and 4) a change in the attitude of young people to employment. The research results can improve the management of the occupational mobility of young people in modern society, as well as provide targeted management impact on social facilities by revealing their resources and potential. By taking into account modern trends in social practices of occupational mobility of young population, organizations can ensure professional growth and competitiveness of young employees in the labor market.
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