Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 291
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Evgeny Shumkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-496-504

Abstract:
This paper provides a theoretical analysis of the key factors that affect the process of making managerial decisions in business. The research objective was to reveal the palliative meaning of the impact of certain external conditions on entrepreneurship. The model of social relations of business entities is determined by their desire to meet their needs. The normativity of these relations depends on an external regulator that presumes their rationality and integrity. The state dictates "the rules of the game" and guarantees balanced social and legal opportunities for business entities. As a basic component of entrepreneurship, managerial activity depends on the collaboration of many external and internal factors. Under their impact, the abstract model of business activity faces conditions that determine the evolutionary path of a commercial organization. Permanently manifested factors form a "pattern" of managerial decisions that ensure either growth and profit or losses and financial and legal insolvency for the company. The quality of management decisions depends on how well the enterprise manages risks, resources, and uncertainty. The goal of a commercial organization is connected with the conditions of certainty and uncertainty, social utility and the overall economic good. Under such circumstances, an ideal competing market (Pareto efficiency) seems unlikely due to the fact that external and internal factors affecting the business sphere change the social relations that form them. As a result, economic, social, and legal risks increase, but the welfare of society does not, and individual economic entities bear financial and image losses.
Sergey Chirun, Mariya Chirun
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-444-453

Abstract:
He present research featured the effect of Postmodern on the state youth policy with its spatial characteristics and the post-truth concept. The authors examined the genesis and development of the post-truth space. The study involved intertextual, network, intent, and discourse analyses, which made it possible to describe the interpretative features of Postmodern. The authors believe that Russian state youth policy has become a "factoid factory": together with marketing and PR technologies, factoids led to the total simulation of state youth policy, which keeps generating new simulations instead of real success and achievements. Postmodern blurs and destabilizes the criteria for identity and stratification. Away from the scientific worldview, young citizens are ready to believe in irrational semantic constructions formed by a symbiosis of lies and post-truths, like in the pre-industrial epoch. The post-truth is a set of unreliable socio-political representations formed in a certain civilian environment through the targeted application of political technologies. The authors applied the nonlinear methodology to interpret the postmodern approach to the state youth policy. They used the categorical and conceptual apparatus of Postmodern to analyze the problems and typology of the domestic state youth policy. The paper focuses on the possibilities of the network approach in the optimization of the existing state youth policy, as well as on the prospects and potential obstacles to its implementation. The research also featured the institutional transformations of the youth policy in relation to the technologies of manipulation and data falsification in the political and administrative process, where the very interaction of political actors on post-truth network sites forms various forms of network interactions.
Tatyana Belchik, Ilia Ezhov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-516-524

Abstract:
The present research featured the implementation of lean manufacturing based on project management technology. The research objective was to substantiate the possibility of using tools and methods of lean production at industrial enterprises. The study involved such scientific methods as participant and non-participant observation, statistical methods, process modeling, and survey. At industrial enterprises, lean production methods should be implemented as a project activity, i.e. in different business units and at different levels. To achieve total inclusiveness, managers should be trained in the basics of project, and all other employees – in the basics of lean production. Even separate projects of lean production can increase efficiency and labor productivity. However, the use of certain tools often becomes an end in itself, and not a way to solve the actual problems. Employees involved in lean manufacturing projects often lack awareness and motivation. Insufficient experience in independent project slows down the implementation of lean production projects. Nevertheless, the authors proved that lean production projects can be effective if implemented properly. They also identified some problems specific to industrial enterprises and outlined activities that can improve operational efficiency.
Natalia Vasetskaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-525-533

Abstract:
The present research featured scientific and technical policy papers in Russia. The research objective was to study the normative legal acts that determine the strategic scientific and technological development of the country. The paper contains an analysis of the goals stated in these documents and defines the efficiency of the target indicators. The study was based on systematization methods, content analysis, and comparative analysis of the main strategic legal acts that form Russian scientific and technical policy. These documents are divided into two groups. The first one contains the goals and objectives of scientific and technological development, but no quantitative values of targets, or indicators, of scientific and technological development. The second group specifies these indicators. The study revealed that not all the goals outlined in the policy papers have been met, and there are targets for scientific and technological development that have not been achieved yet. Moreover, some of the measures provided in the policy papers were implemented with a noticeable delay or were not implemented at all. For instance, the list of end-to-end technologies still remains unapproved. All these issues hindered the development of Russian competitive high-tech sector of goods and services: the country failed to develop mechanisms that could stimulate its transition to innovative development of real sector enterprises and to improve the resource base for scientific and technological complex.
Alexandra Pilyushenko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-478-485

Abstract:
The research featured efficient self-preservation behavior in the context of healthcare commercialization, which affected the fundamental principles of medical service. The research objective was to study human capital assets as a resource of self-preservation behavior in the abovementioned conditions. The study involved a philosophical analysis based on the axiological approach, which made it possible to consider the ethical aspects of commercial medicine. The author also employed the structural method to study human capital as a complex structure. Human capital plays the leading role as it provides an effective implementation of self-preservation behavior in the context of healthcare commercialization. The research included an axiological analysis of the value-semantic context of the doctor-patient relationship and the ethical-axiological aspect of the phenomenon of commercial medicine. The author defines a number of indicators of human capital and defines productive self-preserving behavior in commercialized healthcare. Human capital assets turned out to be a valuable resource of self-preservation behavior in terms of health preservation. Its components could serve as performance indicators. They are basic medical literacy; effective cognitive skills in interpreting the empirical data obtained in life; adequate attitude to one’s own health, e.g. regular check-ups, healthy lifestyle, etc., as well as a sufficient well-being. Good awareness leads to effective self-preservation behavior, which is especially important in commercial healthcare.
Tatyana Dorofeeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-534-542

Abstract:
The demographic situation has recently become one of the most important issues in modern Russia, which also affected the market of higher education service. The research objective was to analyze the demographic profile of Russia and the Kemerovo region. The author identified the impact of demographic and economic factors on the demand for higher education. A correlation analysis made it possible to select proper indicators in order to assess the impact of demographic and economic factors on the contingent of university students. The demographic factors included birth rate and the number of population aged 15–19. The economic factors were the average annual nominal salary and the average annual cost of education. The research revealed a positive correlation between the number of births, the amount of population aged 15–19, and the number of students in higher education institutions. Comparative and relative analyses made it possible to assess the paying capacity of population in the sphere of chargeable educational services, which showed an increase in the burden on the household budget and an increase in financial barriers to higher education. The research contributes to the development of the regional economy as it helps to predict the population's demand for higher education services.
Elena Morozova, Elena Pastukhova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-468-477

Abstract:
The importance of information and analytical activities in the management of the region's social sphere can hardly be overestimated since only those decisions will be efficient that rely on reliable and comprehensive data on the condition of the object of influence, trends in its development, possible directions for improvement, and feedback. A competent use of information in management requires that the methodological foundations of analytical and assessment processes be understood, in particular, the corresponding thesaurus. The study aims at systematizing the conceptual apparatus of the information and assessment support for the management of the region's social sphere and analyzing the condition and dynamics of healthcare as one of its key sectors. The paper focuses on the case of Kemerovo Region (Kuzbass). It interprets and systematizes such concepts as information, rate, parameter, indicator, criterion, and assessment. The empirical part of the study showed that the morbidity rate in Kuzbass has been above the nation level for the past 15 years and the data gap for this indicator is gradually increasing. This trend manifests itself against the background of higher values of infrastructure indicators and the load on nursing staff. True, the workload on medical doctors in the region is above the corresponding parameter at the national level. Sociological assessments show an increase in self-esteem of the population's health, but satisfaction with the health care system in the region has been, and remains, low. The data confirm the necessity and expediency of using statistical and sociological assessments in analyzing the current condition and, most importantly, identifying problems and ways to improve the sectors of the social sphere in the region.
Irina Antonova , Timur Belalov, Anna Zhdanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-505-515

Abstract:
The research featured the urban environment quality index for single-industry towns and non-single-industry towns in 2018–2019. The research objective was to identify statistical differences between single-industry towns and other urban settlements in terms of the components and combined value of the urban environment quality index. The paper introduces several strategies for the development of the urban environment of single-industry towns based on the concept of sustainable development. The study employed statistical methods and Statistica 10 program. Based on parametric and nonparametric criteria, the author revealed statistical differences for such aspects as "green areas" and "public and business infrastructure" for 2018 and 2019, as well as calculated the combined value for 2019. The strategies described in the present paper can help to overcome the existing problems of single-industry towns and avoid repeating the mistakes made by government when implementing similar federal programs in the past. The study may be of interest for executive authorities, municipal authorities, and residents of single-industry urban settlements.
Vladislav Rychkov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-486-495

Abstract:
The article describes a case of applying biographical method to the study of the memory policy. The research featured archival sources, personal documents, and published family memoirs of foreign citizens repressed in the 1930s. The paper demonstrates advantages of using the method as part of interdisciplinary approach in a hybrid methodological complex and describes various techniques of the hybridization procedure. The hybrid methodological approach made it possible to reconstruct a person's life path against the background of the historical situation in the country, to understand the context of their lives, their meanings and goals in specific historical conditions. The comparative analysis of the biographies resulted in a typical biographical situation and a typical life path of a repressed foreigner in Russia. Against the background of the typical fate of repressed foreigners, each individual biography emphasizes both the striking similarity of the scenarios and the unique experience. The biographical method proved efficient in studying the memory policy, embodied in different scenarios. The author believes that Russia needs to develop a policy of memory as it could bring to harmony various narratives and meanings, thus strengthening the civil solidarity.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-4-543-556

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship is one of the fastest-growing spheres in most economically developed and developing countries. This article provides an overview of the most important scientific publications on business problems for almost three hundred years. It focuses on the theoretical research in such issues as the principles and concepts of entrepreneurship, as well as the role and social significance of entrepreneurs in national economies. It also touches upon various economic, managerial, organizational, and psychological aspects of entrepreneurship, e.g. new opportunities, motivation, etc. These publications formed the theoretical basis for the development of business sector as a driver of modern national economies, thus providing goods and services, reducing unemployment, developing innovation, and creating the middle class stratum. The present review can be used in further research, as well as in teaching business, economic theory, state and municipal management at university.
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