Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Published by: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 389
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Vera Yudina, Mariya Tanina, Vladimir Bondarenko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 395-402; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-395-402

Abstract:
The article addresses the issue of increasing the international competitiveness of regional universities and identifies the main impact factors from the perspective of the current internationalization and digitalization of the global academic space. The new approach relies on both social and digital marketing tools to streamline the relationship between universities and target audiences, including foreign ones. The international competitiveness of regional universities depends on the following aspects: internationalization strategy, international academic ratings, innovative research centers and their role in the local academic process, joint curriculum programs, high-quality teaching material, technical, social and cultural infrastructure, etc. The paper contains some recommendations for university management and regional authorities on how to develop the promotion system of regional universities. The proposed measures include cooperation with foreign partners from the countries of greatest economic and geopolitical interest. Another tool is an advanced promotion system for regional education services in the context of regional brand promotion strategy, including digital marketing. The new model of university management can increase the efficiency of international activities of the regional socio-economic system.
Dar'ya Kozlova, Vadim Bykov, Igor' Yakshilov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 342-353; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-342-353

Abstract:
The paper introduces a new economic scenario-based Excel model of the strategic development of a commercial organization. The method solves such problems as short-term focus, poor strategic goals, and the complexity of a comprehensive economic analysis of corporate financial and economic activities. The research featured the methodological tools for evaluating the financial and economic performance of a commercial organization, as well as ways to optimize it. The authors used various methods of experimental and theoretical analysis, as well as the current legislative and subordinate regulatory legal acts, academic editions, and research publications on complex economic analysis, analysis of financial and economic corporate performance, reserve analysis, step out analysis, etc. The new model is based on a general performance indicator that includes twenty performance indicators. The model was experimentally tested at Stroyrezultat LLC and proved to be effective and user-friendly.
Evgeny Shumkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 305-314; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-305-314

Abstract:
The article features the conversion of public relations in the field of entrepreneurship through standardizing social and legal responsibilities. This process results from the evolutionary coordination of the social will for the rule of law and the state will to respect the rights and interests of society. Institutionalization is a natural development course of any social relations that are based on responsibility. It stimulates people to maintain the standard of rational behavior even in the case of rational ignorance. Legal culture is an aggregator of various implicit and transparent social codes. These codes can be evaluated from the point of view of sociological, philosophical, sociological-legal, axiological, political-legal, and activity approaches based on socio-systemic, phenomenological, cultural, economic, subcultural, managerial and axiological aspects. Institutionalization is an acceptable opportunity to convert social relations into a normative environment. It is a productive and logical way of social and economic development. The article introduces a new definition of legal culture, which highlights the admissibility of formalizing social relations through their institutionalization. The research made it possible to formulate the state reason to respect the best social practices and the public rejection of aggressive rule-making. Refusal to maintain the balance of interests may lead to latent opportunistic behavior of business entities and their unwillingness to follow the ideas of the official legal culture.
Elena Kizil', Georgiy Nagaev, Il'ya Usanov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 331-341; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-331-341

Abstract:
This article offers some recommendations on university budget planning based on an empirical study of cost distribution at various Russian universities. Russian universities appeared to allocate their budgetary funds by determining the average salary of the teaching staff. The authors developed some improvements for the existing academic staff payroll system to optimize the costs of the academic process. The teaching staff payroll should be based on the number of students and the share of the teaching staff payroll in the allocated state subsidy as part of the state assignment, which is non-regulatory today. The results obtained are of practical importance and can improve the financial and economic activities of universities, thus contributing to the transparency and efficiency of the financial resource distribution. Research prospects include further critical understanding of normative per capita financing principle as part of transition to university network cooperation.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 315-322; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-315-322

Abstract:
The performance assessment of the Russian regional executive authorities is an important performance management tool that measures the progress the regions make in improving the quality of life. The research objective was to characterize the performance assessment of the executive authorities in Russian regions as a performance management tool. The authors studied the Quality of Life Rating 2019, which determined the differences between regions in this parameter. The research methods included statistical data analysis, correlation analysis, difference analysis, and variance analysis. The system of the performance assessment proved to be of limited effectiveness because it is still forming: the quality of life of the population in the regions depends on the size of the grant. The current performance assessment system confuses the concepts of performance and effectiveness and lacks clear criteria for the performance of the executive authorities. The regions are unable to influence the assessment indicators, the results of which are not transparent enough. Therefore, the performance assessment of the regional executive authorities needs to be improved as a performance management tool in theoretical and applied aspects.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 298-304; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-298-304

Abstract:
Sporting mega-events improve local economy, affect political processes, and develop such non-commercial sector as volunteering. The article examines the attitude of volunteers to the legacy of such sporting mega-events as Olympic or Paralympic Games. An online survey of volunteers (n=332) who participated in the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2014 defined various problems that hinder the development of volunteering in Russia. Most respondents were satisfied with their volunteering experience and expressed eagerness to volunteer specifically in this area. They remarked on the increase in the number of volunteer centers and volunteers in Russia as the most significant consequences of the Olympic Games in the field of volunteering. The research results contribute to the Olympic studies and cast light on the public attitude to Olympic volunteering.
Mariya Zazulina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 275-284; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-275-284

Abstract:
The author analyzed the upcoming reform of local self-government initiated by amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation (2020) and the Draft Federal Law No. 40361-8 "On general principles of the organization of local self-government in a unified system of public authority", submitted to the State Duma of the Russian Federation in December 2021. The research objective was to identify and analyze the features of the reorganization of local self-government during its integration into a unified system of public authority and the implementation of innovations proposed by the new law on local self-government. The analysis included the legislative foundation and various data on local self-government provided by the Ministries of Finance and Justice. The author concentrated on the unified system of public power, the local self-government as an element of this system, the proposed innovations, and their consequences for the institutional organization of local self-government. At the new stage, such problems of local self-government as poor manageability and low efficiency are likely to be solved by including them in the unified system of public authority. Governmentalization increases as self-government loses institutional autonomy and turns into a lower level of the management vertical. Further unification takes place within the system of local self-government and within the elements of the unified system of public authority, i.e., between municipal and regional levels of government. A simplified system of local self-government follows a single-level model, with a significant reduction in the diversity and number of municipalities, deputies, competences, etc. The chosen strategy reforms should be considered as a conscious choice by legislators of the further domestic self-government development. The strategy abandons the principle of unconditional transit to democratic institutions and turns to a model that includes the current socio-economic, political, and cultural realities of Russia.
Evgenii Kapoguzov, Roman Chupin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 323-330; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-323-330

Abstract:
This research featured the concept of evidence-based policy in the public administration of Russia in terms of its potential application to the industrial policy analysis. The methods included the content analysis of scientific publications, the institutional analysis, and various econometric techniques. The academic discourse was analyzed in relation to the content of industrial policy in Russian economic science and its affinity to foreign approaches. The author studied the Federal Law No. 488-FZ On Industrial Policy for the prospects of evidence-based policy tools. The article introduces a case of sustainable development in socio-economic policy and an analysis of possible alternatives for industrial modernization. The study of industrial policy can predict the consequences of applying the industrial policy toolkit at the stage of its formulation, development, and evaluation ex ante.
Galina A Podzorova, Anna Artemenko, Natalya Gryaznova, Oxsana Komarcheva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 367-377; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-367-377

Abstract:
The effective innovation activity in the region depends on the state and development of its innovative potential. The authors used theoretical, statistical, comparative, and analytical methods to describe the concept of innovative potential, evaluate its current state in the Kemerovo Region, and identify the promising areas for its development. The article introduces a comparative analysis of innovative and entrepreneurial activity in the Kemerovo Region in 2016–2020. The methodology developed by the Higher School of Economics of the National Research University made it possible to compare the indicators of innovative development in different regions of the Siberian Federal District. The analysis included the dynamics of the factors in order to calculate the indicators of innovative development and rank the regions. In terms of innovation activity, the Kemerovo Region appeared to be inferior to such leading regions of the Siberian Federal District as Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, and Krasnoyarsk. However, the region has good potential opportunities for innovative development. The authors recommend several promising directions that could develop the innovative potential of the region, create competitive advantages, attract additional investment, develop its digitalization potential, and increase its participation in the federal innovative, scientific, and technical policy, as well as to make it attractive for young people.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic Sciences, Volume 2022, pp 378-394; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2022-7-3-378-394

Abstract:
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in regional economic development. However, the results of their activities largely depend on the regional factors. The article provides an overview of the most influential and latest publications on the relationship between SMEs and regional development processes. The impact of SMEs on the growth of the regional economy proved to be assessed ambiguously. A direct positive impact is typical for high-income countries, while other countries yield mixed results. High-income countries have factors and support mechanisms that overcome the objective limitations of SMEs. In the Russian regions, SMEs perform their functions to a lower extent and, as a result, have low factor productivity, which limits their contribution to the regional economy. No unified idea of SME differentiation factors was detected in domestic and foreign publications. Abroad, a higher level of SME development is usually associated with such obvious factors as population, the size of the regional economy, availability of financing, etc. The review of domestic literature revealed some data on the differentiation of regions according to the state and SME characteristics, but no patterns that would determine these features. The review highlighted some issues for further research of the relationship between SMEs and the regional economy. The results obtained can be used to develop regional SMEs and specialized university courses.
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