Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Published by: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 306
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Joel Ivan Gonzalez Cedillo
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-10-18

Abstract:
This work analyzes the ideological war between American fascists and antifascists and the relation between the existence of an ideological consistency among the masses and the emergence of this type of conflict. The storming of the US Capitol in January 2021 by fascists and the activities of fascists and antifascists on social media serve as subjects for the analysis of this ideological war. The purpose of this work is to study literature on ideological wars and analyze how States encourage extremist ideologies based on their own ideological consistencies. The method employed to expose the ideological war is a content analysis of social media used by the Proud Boys and Atlanta Antifascists. The results show that the two competing ideologies cannot coexist peacefully in the same territory and at the same time. The State and the elites agree that the confrontation should end. This work can be useful for academics, policy makers and students working on the issue of fascist and extremist ideologies, as well as for developing ways to fight these ideologies by addressing their enablers.
Natalia Shcherbakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-136-146

Abstract:
The present paper features Russian loan banks that use new information and digital banking technologies. The research involved various methodological approaches, including a systematic approach to the analysis of modern banks. The method of comparative analysis made it possible to interpret various indicators of the activities of loan banks. The method of dynamic analysis helped to identify the main trends in the development of the Russian banking sector. The research objective was to identify the main trends and key problems in the digitalization of the Russian banking sector and the risks that accompany the process. The author believes that digital technologies will increase the country's competitiveness and boost its economic development. Digital economy involves the introduction of new technologies in the banking sector, e.g. e-money, digital signature, contactless payment, blockchain technology, the Internet of things, etc. The usual approaches to customer service are being replaced by advanced practices, as the traditional bank is gradually turning into a multifunctional IT company. However, cyber risks are also growing, and their management requires new approaches.
Svetlana Tatarova, Nadezhda Zateeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-58-65

Abstract:
Rural areas are an important basis for the development of Russian economy. However, the problems faced by rural settlements significantly complicate the rural life in modern realities. The research objective was to analyze the current situation in the rural settlements of two national republics of Siberia, namely Buryatia and Tyva, taking into account their geographical, economic, social, economic, and demographic features. The paper covers the most pressing causes of rural degradation, e.g. unemployment, bad conditions for small and medium businesses, no industrial development, etc. In these conditions, rural population have to engage in unskilled agricultural labor, farming, gathering wild plants, berries, and mushrooms, etc. Villagers often get involved in illegal logging, sale of home-brew, uncertified retail trade, etc. Another important factor that hinders rural development is urban migration, which is associated mostly with educated rural population. Villagers suffer from low standard of living, household problems, unemployment, poor social and industrial infrastructure, etc. In addition, the authors also touched upon the problem of preserving traditional culture and language. The abovementioned problems of rural development have negative consequences, decrease agricultural production, and destroy the traditions of rural life.
Evgeny Shumkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-66-77

Abstract:
This article features managerial decisions in business area, where the state plays the role of an external regulator of public relations and the main influencer. The legal tools that affect decision-making in business depend on the social mechanisms of business regulations. The author describes the position of the rational regulator that evaluates the decisions made by a business entity. Positive law is an integral part of objective reality and is a set of codified principles of legally appropriate behavior. Imperative and dispositive regulations of public relations in business area imply that a business entity can choose a model of managerial and entrepreneurial behavior based on the rules provided by the legislator. The active role of the state as an external regulator of the social relations reflects the problem of dissonance between legal and social norms underlying managerial decision-making, which leads to additional economic and transaction costs. The paper also features the problem of frustration conflict between the regulator and the business environment in the context of applying the rationality proposed by the state in business activities and the problem of choosing the right managerial decision for its subjects. By refusing from a radical and negative assessment of the entrepreneur's management decisions, the state can solve this problem. The state needs to be more tolerant to business risks as an alternative rationality, without identifying them with deviant behavior. By preventing alienation of business from the state, one can eliminate the conflict between law and favorable climate in business area, i.e. maximal convergence of social and legal norms.
Evgeniya Efremova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-39-44

Abstract:
The new social reality increased public interest in the issues of occupational mobility of the youth. The research objective was to determine the tendencies of social practices in this sphere. The author analyzed and generalized scientific publications on the problems of occupational mobility of young population and the related labor market. The paper introduces various interpretations of the concept of "social practices" and systematizes them. The author identified four trends in the social practices: 1) an increase in the flexibility of social practices, 2) an expansion of channels of professional mobility, 3) the development of the Internet industry, and 4) a change in the attitude of young people to employment. The research results can improve the management of the occupational mobility of young people in modern society, as well as provide targeted management impact on social facilities by revealing their resources and potential. By taking into account modern trends in social practices of occupational mobility of young population, organizations can ensure professional growth and competitiveness of young employees in the labor market.
Raushanya Zinurova, Tatiana Nikitina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-45-57

Abstract:
The article introduces a comprehensive study of distance learning in higher education during the pandemic. The authors analyzed the readiness of universities to implementing e-learning platforms. They focused on the legal and organizational aspects of digital environment. The authors studied relevant interviews given by heads of higher educational institutions in various media sources. The research objective was to develop and perform a formalized interview with full-time students of Russian universities. The study made it possible to identify a wide range of issues that affect the passage to distance learning, as well as to define the prospective directions and problem areas of the digital environment at universities as part of domestic digital economy. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the development of tasks for a successful transfer of universities to distance or blended learning.
Aysur Belekova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-1-9

Abstract:
UNESCO is the world's largest intergovernmental forum on humanitarian cooperation and offers an alternative way of maintaining bonds among nations. The article examines its growing role and responsibility in the protection and preservation of cultural and historic monuments. The research objective was to determine the role of UNESCO in preserving such monuments, developing measures for their protection, and sustaining historical truth. The research methods included a system-based analysis with its functional and empiric methods. The system-based analysis made it possible to consider interrelated aspects of UNESCO's functioning, approach the matter as a range of problems within a single process, and identify the basic characteristics of UNESCO's policy evolution in the sphere of world heritage conservation. The research also used achievements of political science, diplomacy, history, and international relations. The approach also allowed the author to examine the main tools used by UNESCO, as well as to highlight its current priorities and directions. To analyze the political reality, the author employed such empirical methods as monitoring and study of documents. The author focused on the matters of international cooperation and mutual responsibility of the members the UNESCO World Heritage Convention. The research attempted to identify the most important tasks of Russia in this direction. In the current challenging context, UNESCO has to find a conceptual niche and respond without compromise to any attempts to destroy its basic principles or to politicize its work.
Salihbek Abdulmanapov,
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-78-85

Abstract:
Socio-economic stability, good living standards, and low unemployment are the key aspects of the state development strategy in modern economic conditions. They have a direct impact on the national competitiveness and security. The current pandemic and global economic crisis made it important to curb the growing unemployment and protect the unemployed population. The study featured the global labor market with its structural and economic relations, trends and patterns. The research objective was to identify the potential problems of unemployment growth and provide recommendations for their localization and leveling. The authors analyzed the forecasts made by Russian and international experts about the state of the global labor market during the pandemic, assessed its features and main trends, studied the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the unemployment rate, and systematized measures of social support for unemployed population in different countries. The paper introduces some measures that can prevent the growth of global unemployment.
Sergey Patsala, Nadezhda Goroshko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-96-108

Abstract:
Russians still see national agriculture as a rearguard branch of the economy associated with stagnation and inefficiency. However, the agriculture has undergone significant positive changes over the past decade as a result of large-scale state support programs, import substitution policy, food embargo, depreciation of the ruble, etc. Russian agriculture requires a comprehensive assessment of its current state and position in the global agricultural market. Based on statistical and comparative analyses, the authors assessed the current state of Russian agriculture, as well as showed its place in the national economy and the country's position on the global agricultural market. The research revealed the vector of these changes in 2000–2018 and the main problems of the agricultural development at the present stage. A SWOT analysis shows that Russia has overcome the crisis in the transition to the market economy; the main economic and financial indicators are getting better, together with the most important production segments. Russian agriculture improves as production volumes keep growing and profitability is increasing. The number of unprofitable enterprises has been reduced by half, and the share of individual farms has fallen.
Evgenia Sokolova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-1-129-135

Abstract:
This comprehensive study featured the resource potential of the agro-industrial complex and its role in territorial development. The research objective was to study the structure of the resource potential of agro-industrial enterprises in the post-industrial society and factors that make it efficient. Systemic changes in modern society require new approaches to understanding the category of resource potential. Informatization of society and digitalization of agriculture change the prospects for resource provision in the agro-industrial complex. The author analyzed various domestic and foreign approaches to the concept of resource potential and included in it the potential of an agricultural enterprise as a complex of material, energy, information, and labor resources. The interdisciplinary approach made it possible to consider the phenomena from different angles and as a complex unity. The author considered the resource potential of the region as a synthetic indicator: a whole enterprise cannot be assessed based on a singular resource. The competent management of the resources available to the enterprise proved to be the key to its successful functioning, personnel being the core of its resource potential. The paper introduces a number of measures that contribute to the effective implementation of the resource potential in agro-industrial complex in the information society. The research results can help to improve the concept of sustainable development of enterprises, which is one of the priority tasks of complex modernization.
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