Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 25003372 / 25421190
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 261
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Elena Kranzeeva, Ksenia Sapegina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-176-185

Abstract:
The research featured women offenders as a social phenomenon associated with the social role of women. The study was based on the socio-role approach. The authors defined women's crime as an integral part of all crimes committed by women on a certain territory over a certain time period. The statistics of female crime in Russia and its regions came from the General Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation, the Chief Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Kemerovo Region, and the Territorial Authority of the Federal State Statistics Service. The authors also analyzed cases of fraud related to maternity capital funds. Firstly, female crime proved an integral part of crime in general; it has its own specifics and is directly related to the roles that women play in society. Secondly, women commit mostly profit-related crimes, e.g. theft or fraud, while murder proved more typical of men. Thirdly, maternity fund fraud appeared to be a relatively new type of crime. Apparently, its female character is associated with childbearing and maternal function. Swindlers see new opportunities in maternal funds, and a woman in distress can easily become an instrument of their criminal activity.
Mariia Pokushko, Alena Stupina, Inmaculada Medina-Bulo, Egor Dresvianskii
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-251-262

Abstract:
The authors applied the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to assess the performance of the heat supply system in the city of Krasnoyarsk. The article provides a detailed description of the DEA method, its positive sides and shortcomings. The research included a comparative analysis of performance assessment methods in terms of advantages and disadvantages. The DEA method proved the most convenient tool for measuring the production efficiency of an object. The authors modified the architecture of the universal decision support system into a DEA-based one. The DEA method also proved highly efficient in assessing the performance of the heat supply system in the city of Krasnoyarsk. The analysis made it possible to develop recommendations to improve the efficiency of the local heat supply system using the case of thirteen unites, e.g. boilers, heat and power plants, etc. The input indicator was represented by the available heat capacity. Heat output to the grid and emission mass were used as output indicators. Based on the available initial data, the authors constructed an output-oriented model for analyzing the functioning environment with one input and two outputs. They identified inefficient units of the Krasnoyarsk heat supply system and proposed optimization of input and output values for each unit to improve the functioning of the heat supply system as a whole. The developed for the upgrading of boilers and heat and power plants had an efficiency index in the range up to 1.
Julia Klimova, Vladimir Uskov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-222-231

Abstract:
The informatization is a global trend in the development of the digital economy. It leads to significant changes in requirements for personnel and specialists. The education system provides a tool for training personnel: Federal State Educational Standards outline the basic requirements for future specialists. Unfortunately, the current standards do not always meet the challenges and trends of the digital economy. The research objective was to study the issue of IT training during the period of transition to a digital economy. A thorough analysis of available scientific literature made it possible to describe the theoretical aspects of digital economy, as well as the IT industry. The authors identified a number of categories of specialists that are necessary for the formation and development of the digital economy. A detailed analysis of statistical data revealed some global trends in informatization, as well as the availability of IT specialists in Russian and world econo­mies. The authors also outline the main directions for further research. The results obtained can of interest to researchers involved in the development of the digital economy.
Semen Reznik, Marina Chernikovskaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-186-194

Abstract:
The research featured the problem of attracting university students to scientific research. The article focuses on the experience of the Department of Management, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction. The authors used a survey method to analyze opinions of more than 400 students from regional universities and more than 30 highly qualified experts in the related field. The research objective was to assess the willingness of students to participate in research and to develop useful recommendations on how to organize research activities in various student communities. The present study will be of interest to university students, academics, higher education governing bodies, and scientists that deal with studentship issues.
Evgenii Kapoguzov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-165-175

Abstract:
The research featured the conflict between urban communities that arises as a result of the implementation of the urban improvement strategy. The authors used an interdisciplinary approach to study the institutional dissonance in terms of discursive practices, which is a form of urban communities’ discourse. A sociological survey made it possible to describe the institutional dissonance that appeared when Omsk residents started demonstrating their dissatisfaction with the attempts of the local authorities to improve the urban environment. They claimed that the authorities did not understand the residents’ needs. Moreover, the media transmitted a negative image of the city, which made the citizens even more dissatisfied with their life quality. The research involved an empirical study conducted by the case study method. In included 17 interviews with community activists and five interviews with local authorities. The article introduces the results of an overt observation of the activists and an analysis of the regional mass media. The research revealed the dominant concepts of improvement of the city of Omsk. The institutional dissonance proved recorded in the urban discourse. The research also demonstrated how the dominant concepts of city improvement can reveal themselves in the discourse of activists, regional authorities, and regional media.
Elena Grudistova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-195-204

Abstract:
The fourth industrial revolution with its unprecedented development of information and communication technologies provided practically inexhaustible opportunities for improving socio-economic processes. At the same time, it may increase unemployment as people lack the necessary digital skills, and those organizations that are not ready to use modern technology lose competitiveness. Therefore, the aim of this research was to identify areas and ways to increase the competitiveness of citizens and organizations in the context of digital transformations. The study featured the reserves for the development of digital competencies of the population and the possibility of using marketing technologies in the digital interaction between various economic entities. The research was a synthesis of theoretical and practical principles. The author employed induction, analysis, and synthesis of information obtained from official sources. The article focuses on some issues of the program of implementing the digital economy in the Russian Federation and offers possible solutions. The lack of a common understanding of the essence of the digital economy requires further research on this phenomenon. The author believes that, to overcome the lack of digital competencies, it is necessary to modernize the education system and restore the high value of education, especially that of lifelong learning. The poor use of digital marketing tools can be explained by negative experience, which often results from typical errors that occur when companies ignore the principles of traditional marketing, i.e. customer orientation and moral standards. The author proposes a scheme and some recommendations that can raise the efficiency of digital marketing. Any organization can do digital marketing, which can facilitate the organization in achieving its goals.
Larisa Shut'ko, Lyudmila Samorodova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-279-286

Abstract:
The research features integration of Russian economy into the model of sustainable development proposed by the United Nations Organization. The authors considered the main goals of sustainable development and their prospects in Russia. The paper focuses on the case of Kuzbass (Kemerovo region) as a typical resource-type mining region. The authors studied how the local authorities implement the sustainable development concept, solve demographic problems, preserve biodiversity, and protect forests. The research involved elements of systematic and integrated approach. The authors believe that the sustainable development of a mining region depends on the implementation of the best available technologies, energy efficiency, creating green spaces, and production safety. The research also featured the role of coal mining enterprises in the formation of the regional model of sustainable development and achieving the main target priorities of sustainable development in accordance with the UN Program. The article describes the roadmap of the sustainable development model for Russian territories, as well as regional national projects, e.g. digital platforms in coal mining and environmental protection. The authors emphasize the need for reclamation of disturbed lands by coal mining companies.
Andrey Panov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-242-250

Abstract:
The article presents the results of a strategic environmental analysis of the goals of socio-economic development of an average resource region. The research featured the case of Kuzbass as it moves on to technological regulation in the field of environmental protection. The author analyzed various methodological approaches to assessing the environmental component in strategic documents at the regional level. The analysis included sustainable development indicators, including integrated ones, as well as criteria and indicators of the environmental quality of the strategies. The study concentrated on the Strategy of Socio-Economic Development of the Kemerovo region (Kuzbass) up to 2035, which involved industrial and national strategies. The research objective was to identify the regional environmental component in the strategic document and to assess its potential for reducing the anthropogenic pressure on the environment in the context of increasing mining production. The Strategy proved to be based on the principles of continuity, balanced planning, and measurability of strategic environmental goals. However, the principles and mechanisms for achieving the strategic environmental goal require further clarification. The goal is to reduce the negative environmental impact of mining and other industries by switching to the best available technologies in accordance with the new industrial environmental policy of Russia.
Sergey Manenkov, Anna Manenkova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-232-241

Abstract:
The research objective was to define the relationship between industrial, business, and ethnocultural tourism using the case of the Udmurt Republic. Diversification of tourism industry is a relevant vector of institutional economic development in traditional resource-mining and industrial regions. The main hypothesis is that industrial and agricultural specialization can be developed in Udmurtia as part of the regional economy diversification. The most effective platform for promoting brands and segments of the tourism industry is congress and exhibition activity. The research also featured the current state of industrial tourism strategy development and the effect of cultural brands on the image of the region. Business tourism sector remains underdeveloped in the Udmurt Republic, but its development can be catalyzed by the rich ethnocultural component. The authors used systematic approach to identify the main potential areas of cultural and economic activity of the Udmurt republic. Industrial tourism, as well as congress and exhibition activity, can trigger the economic growth of regional gross product. A wider range of tourist products is bound to improve the quality of local tourism and increase the service sector in the regional economic structure.
Oleg Gonchar
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-2-139-155

Abstract:
The present research featured the state-forming status of the Russian people. The article focuses on the issue of fixing the legal status of Russians as the state-forming nation in the preamble to the Constitution. The research was based on a complex extrapolation modeling, comparative historical analysis, and behavioral approach. The author justified the amendments and explored domestic and foreign policy prospects for the long-overdue constitutional reforms. He introduced three possible constitutional solutions to the so-called Russian question and commented upon the opinion expressed by the judge of the Constitutional Court K. V. Aranovskiy on the state historical continuity of the Russian state. The author believes that there is no alternative to the national roadmap proclaimed by the President of the Russian Federation. However, there is a legal option to restore sovereignty by correcting the incorrigible "Yeltsin" Constitution. The country can claim its political sovereignty by adopting a new fundamental law and conducting the national Referendum on the New Constitution. The author gives evidence in favor of the spontaneous onset of the Russian irredenta in Ukraine. The denationalization of the state-forming ethnic group probably determined the collapse of the USSR and triggered the current constitutional crisis. The research also involved a geopolitical strategic analysis of various projects that proclaim the USSR and the Russian Federation the direct successors of the Russian Empire. The article features the traditional global practice of granting constitutional status to the dominant state-forming ethnic group. The analysis proved the Russian national idea as the optimal political and legal structure for solving the Russian question.
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