Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Published by: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 321
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Daniil Cherney
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-280-288

Abstract:
The financial support of the compulsory pension insurance system in Russia is receiving much attention both in government and in scientific circles. During economic crises, the load on the country's social sphere increases, which leads to an exacerbation of the unresolved problems of the Russian pension insurance system, arousing in society an increased interest in finding various ways of its development. The purpose of the study was to substantiate the need for additional sources of pension funding, as well as to improve the approach to taxation of incomes of various population categories. The study was based on the analysis of the mechanism for forming the financial resources of the compulsory pension insurance system. It featured theoretical and applied aspects of the pension insurance funding system in Russia. The author reviewed relevant publications by Russian authors, who offered various solution of the above-mentioned problem. The paper focuses on the sources of the budget revenues of the Pension Fund and the main parameters of the mechanism for collecting insurance contributions for compulsory pension insurance. The author defined such problem areas as the dependence of the Pension Fund budget on subsidies from the federal budget and the regressive tariff scale for insurance contributions. The article also contains a comparative analysis of the tax burden on wages in Russia and in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Any further development of the system of pension insurance financial support should be aimed at eliminating the regressive nature of the collection of insurance premiums, as well as at differentiating the values of the tax rate for personal income tax depending on the level of income of the taxpayer.
Mariya Belenkova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-147-157

Abstract:
The present research featured the way social net users perceive the image of the head of a region. The study involved comments to posts made by the governor of Kuzbass S. E. Tsivilev in VKontakte, Instagram, and Facebook. The analysis employed the method of narrative semiotics. The feedback between the population and the government appeared to depend on the specifics of the political regime in the region. Social nets became both a form of feedback and an indicator of the perception of the imposed image. Different social networks have different audiences, hence the different perception of the governor. Moreover, each social net has its own functionality, which sets the format of feedback. The initial hypothesis was that different social networks produce different attitudes towards the main figure of local executive power. The research results contradicted with this hypothesis and revealed a difference in the positioning of the executive branch and modeling of the governor’s image perception. Based on the data about different perception models, the local authorities can build new media strategies in order to improve the image of the governor in the eyes of the population.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-266-273

Abstract:
It is indeed a great misnomer to analyze the dimensions of academic capitalism with the steady rise of entrepreneurial university in line with Western educational policies. It has been a long journey in emerging underdeveloped economies has given the dream of the next superpower where entrepreneurial universities are a very recent concept of post-liberal economy, change in governmental practices and bureaucratic affairs. This has led to a stronger innovation landscape of industry-education-government nexus in building the nation. Recent years have seen the great crisis of COVID-19 pandemic which has changed the ideologies and theoretical models underlying economically well-off states and the velocity of money circulation. Amidst the huge amount of literature in entrepreneurial university studies, very little work has been done which answers the very pertinent question and covers the research gap. Namely, how the Triple Helix model arrived in India and how the central government in India dramatically changed its beliefs by inheriting such a model in its innovation practices. The model that championed the cause of bringing about new products, economic welfare and product development. These transformed India's idea of being an importer of healthcare facilities to becoming an expert and exporter of medical facilities, thus completely reversing the cycle of trade and global logistics in healthcare economic practices. This paper works on such an exploratory case study concerning India's success story in employing triple helix model of innovation in national policy practices and world economy.
Anzhelika Emel'Yanovich, , Anna Galimova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021, pp 208-2218; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-208-218

Abstract:
The study is devoted to the study of the rational use of working time in the context of the implementation of the main functions of management: planning, organization, motivation, control, coordination. The goal is a methodology for assessing the optimal use of the organization's working time based on the criteria for analyzing the effectiveness of the implementation of the main functions of management. Research methods: semantic analysis of the conceptual apparatus, methods of mathematical modeling to describe various factors that characterize the main functions of management in the context of working time management. Experimental methods: the method of expert assessments, questionnaires, photography of the working day. Domestic and foreign approaches to the concept of working time management are considered, the author's approach is given. Based on the process-functional approach, a methodology and algorithm for assessing the effectiveness of the working time management process. This model has been tested on the example of a self-regulatory organization operating in construction. A task was set, which was implemented within the framework of the project to optimize the use of working time of employees of the inspection and control department. Were analyzed the regulations of various levels of decision-making governing the work of employees. A questionnaire survey of opportunities and middle managers was instructed to form a number of criteria necessary for the application of the developed methodology. The results of the study allowed us to conclude about the average efficiency of the working time management process. Based on the results of the implementation of the recommendations, in particular, the application of lean manufacturing methods and the adjustment of local regulatory documents, it was possible to increase the effectiveness of managing the working time of the organization's employees.
Elena Logunova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-168-177

Abstract:
The research featured the role of charity as a youth socialization factor. It was based on the functional approach developed by E. Durkheim, R. K. Merton and T. Parsons, which made it possible to consider charity as a socio-cultural phenomenon that meets important social needs and develops social solidarity. The research involved a quantitative online study. The respondents believe that charity events often fail due to the lack of publicity. Young people tend to be involved in charity activities organized by business structures. Their social activity is fuelled by their focus on getting good education, choosing career path, understanding their place in the world, etc. On the one hand, young people do not have the necessary experience and skills. On the other hand, they strive for independence of mind and action. The market society promotes the ideas of material well-being, personal gain, and competition. The task of the state, business, and family is to teach young people to combine material orientations and spiritual values. Charity as a form of social responsibility is a good way to resolve this contradiction.
Albina Mikhaleva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-158-167

Abstract:
The migration and the problem of preserving national identity remain the central issues of the political agenda and public debate in many modern countries. The article discusses the views of the French imam Tareq Oubrou – the author of the concept of "sharia of the minority" – on the issues of Muslim identity, as well as the integration of migrants in France. T. Oubrou symbolizes a figure at the junction of two civilizations: a kind of theorist and mediator for the reorganization of Islam in France. The research was based on monographs, individual articles, and texts of speeches of the French imam over the past twenty years. The work involved the methods of cognitive and conceptual text analysis, which made it possible to reconstruct the structure of the political message and its individual components. The research results suggest that T. Oubrou refocuses Islamic identity to its inner dimension by revising its defining markers. Minimizing Islamic identity is designed to preserve and maintain the Muslim presence in the West. At the same time, he nationalizes Islamic identity, subordinating it to the civil and political norms of France. Despite the fact that the proposed identification model evokes ambiguous emotions in the Muslim environment and great doubts in the host society, some of its provisions are in demand at the state level.
Vadim Lazutkin
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-229-237

Abstract:
The specifics of research and academic profession presuppose special approaches to personnel management and motivation. The selection of adequate motivational tools is often done by trial and error. The paper attempts to substantiate short-term and long-term methods of motivating scientific personnel. The experiment featured the case of a Russian biotechnological company, whose personnel underwent S. Ritchie and P. Martin’s Motivational Profile Test. The dominant factors of job satisfaction included self-development opportunities, recognition, ambitious goals, creative tasks, etc. The authors developed some ways for the further development of methods for motivating research personnel.
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-219-228

Abstract:
In Russia, digitalization of the state and municipal spheres remains a task to be resolved. The present research objective was to assess the current level of digitalization of state and municipal services in the Kemerovo region in order to develop some recommendations. The author analyzed foreign experience and compared the digital situation in the Kemerovo region with that in other constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The low level of local digitalization results from the low level of information and communication infrastructure, "patchwork automation", lack of qualified personnel, financial problems, etc. The following measures can improve the situation: more active feedback from citizens, analysis of best practices, participation in pilot government projects, increasing the availability and convenience of electronic services via mobile applications and gamification, etc.
Natalya Gryaznova, Nataliya Pleshkova, Galina A Podzorova, Anna Muhacheva, Galina Drapkina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-191-197

Abstract:
Human capital is the most important development factor of an innovative economy. Managers at all levels are beginning to recognize the importance of human qualities and skills, as well as the need for their development. The present research diagnozed the state of human capital of the Kemerovo Experimental Mechanical Repair Plant. The paper outlines the theoretical and methodological foundations of human capital, introduces some prospects for its development, analyzes staffing and HR processes, assesses the current system of motivation and remuneration, measures the cost of the human capital, and evaluates all its elements, namely education, culture, and health. A sociological questionnaire made it possible to assess the satisfaction from labor conditions and management, as well as the level of motivation. The authors offer some improvement measures for the development of the human capital within the enterprise in question.
Yuliya Pin'Koveckaya
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2021; https://doi.org/10.21603/2500-3372-2021-6-2-248-255

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the assessment of the creation of new businesses in trade and information and communication sphere. Gender differences in entrepreneurial activity by country are considered. The study examined the specifics of the activities of entrepreneurs engaged in services in such sectors as trade and information and communication services for institutions and organizations, as well as private clients. At the same time, the principles and concepts of the existing development of the sectoral structure of entrepreneurship were taken into account. The implementation of the study consisted of five stages. The information base included the results of questionnaire surveys of respondents-entrepreneurs in 59 states when monitoring the activities of entrepreneurs in 2018. In the course of economic and mathematical modeling, six models were developed that reflect the distribution of the following indicators across the subjects of Russia: the proportion of women and men who have created businesses in trade, in the total number of women and men who have started entrepreneurial activity; the share of women and men who have created businesses in the information and communication sphere in the total number of women and men who have started entrepreneurial activities. In addition, the ratios of specific weights describing the provision of services by women entrepreneurs and men entrepreneurs in the trade sector and the information and communication sphere are calculated. For each of the 59 countries, it was determined whether there is an excess of the values of indicators that characterize the corresponding specific weights of male entrepreneurs and female entrepreneurs. For most countries, these values differed significantly, which indicates gender gaps. In addition, the States with the maximum and minimum values of the indices under consideration were identified. The analysis was carried out, which made it possible to compare the obtained average values with the data reflecting the indicators of Russian entrepreneurs. The share of female entrepreneurs in trade is higher than the share of male entrepreneurs. The share of male entrepreneurs in the field of information and communication services is twice as high as the share of female entrepreneurs. The results of the work can be applied in the development of forecasts for the development of trade and information and communication services in the future.
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