Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2500-3372 / 2542-1190
Current Publisher: Kemerovo State University (10.21603)
Total articles ≅ 261
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Yuliya Klimashina, Vera Shipunova, Liudmila Sabanova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-360-367

Abstract:
The research objective was to determine the main vector of education development based on the analysis of Russian and foreign experience in using various methods of active learning. This vector is directed at a stable interaction between the real sector of the economy and the state in the educational process in order to improve the quality of education in general. The modern digital environment of higher education should create conditions for comprehensive development and new opportunities for students to receive high quality education based on modern practice-oriented technologies. Modern society needs education to preserve its fundamental nature. However, education reforms change its content, e.g. by reducing classroom hours, focusing on independent learning, etc. The article describes the main problems and prospects of personnel training in higher education and the necessary competences of all participants of educational process aimed at sustainable economic development of society in the context of global digitalization. The authors developed and described the mechanism of interaction between the participants of system science – business – production – state – society, integrated in the educational process. The mechanism uses practice-oriented technologies in order to increase the competitiveness of university graduates in the labor market and the quality of education in general. This mechanism will help to involve students in the educational process and face the modern realities of changing society, whose main priority is to adapt to rapidly changing working conditions.
Sergey Egoryshev
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-305-311

Abstract:
Over the past two decades, the problems of the economy socialization have gained increasing interest of Russian scientists. Economy socialization is 1) a civilizational regularity of socio-economic development, 2) a key component of the world economic transformation, 3) an essential condition for the formation of a social economy and social state. Unfortunately, Russia has a very low rate of economy socialization as a result of economic crime. The study was based on various sociological and criminological approaches. Its objective was to conduct a comparative analysis of statistical material for 2012–2019 and describe the state, trends, and consequences of economic crime in Russia and in the Republic of Bashkortostan in order to show its destructive impact on economy socialization. The research featured corruption, economic crimes, and real estate crimes. One third or even a half of all economic crimes are classified as serious or extremely serious and cause great material damage. If properly implemented, the economy socialization can create conditions for a more successful counteraction to economic crime. The results of the study can be useful in road-mapping regional socio-economic development, combating economic crime, or as comparative material for related research.
Irina Chernyakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-425-432

Abstract:
The research featured the development of effective digital technology for regulating the dairy industry. The study employed the innodiversification approach combined with simulation modeling. The empirical base was obtained from the databases of the national Union of milk producers. The authors proposed to apply the paradoxical theory of regulation. Its hypothesis is based on the fact that there is a relationship between the regulatory effect and the parameters of the dairy industry that do not have a functional relationship with it (the correlation coefficient approaching 0), through a multilevel chain of indirect relationships of parameters that are more connected with the regulator. The authors developed a mechanism that uses actual data from open sources and builds up digital models of the dairy industry of the Republic of Tuva. The article introduces a method of direct prediction of the parameters of the local dairy subcomplex. The method used not only an unregulated time factor but also the regulated factor of the state support funds. It calculated three different scenarios for the development of the dairy subcomplex: pessimistic, expected, and optimistic. In addition, the article offers a method of reverse prediction to calculate the necessary amount of state support that makes it possible to achieve the target parameters of the dairy subcomplex.
Oksana Komarcheva, Elena Lysenko
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-375-386

Abstract:
Trade and service industry was one of the first areas to go online. As a result, digital transformation has always been important for this sphere. The research objective was to assess the readiness of trade enterprises and service sector for digital transformation in the Kemerovo region based on questionnaire method. The study featured network companies, small businesses, and individual entrepreneurs in the field of trade and services. The article covers several approaches to the definition of digital transformation and its key areas, i.e. customer-centered approach, partnership and collaboration, big data, innovations, digital value management, corporate and consumer digital culture, etc. Most enterprises saw digital transformation as a tool of efficiency improvement, not as a strategic activity. This was mostly typical of large network companies, with a few regional enterprises. Companies that deal with consumer goods showed the best results in digital transformation. The market of trade and services in has low data transparency. Most companies demonstrated a poor use of digital technology. On the other hand, consumers of trade and service industry showed a high degree readiness for digital transformations. Development of Internet marketing and digital technologies suggests that digital transformation is bound to become a tool of competitive growth.
Mikhail Kislyakov, Konstantin Vostrikov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-287-295

Abstract:
The research featured the Ethical Codes of state civil servants, which are to improve the efficiency of regional and federal management. The research objective was to analyze the content, problems, and prospects of Ethical Codes of civil servants as a factor in improving the efficiency of regional and federal management. The study was based on a comparative analysis and a sample method. The article considers the Ethical Codes introduced in several Siberian districts and their impact on the managerial and political practice. The Codes were an attempt of Siberian authorities to raise the prestige of public service in the local society with its complex economic and political processes. The authors conducted an expert survey, which suggests that the Ethical Codes adopted in the Siberian districts failed to improve the regional management. Therefore, the Federal Code of Ethics is necessary.
Natalya Timofeeva
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-417-424

Abstract:
Agricultural producers are currently experiencing difficulties in competitive production. As a result, strategic plans for agricultural development require constant adjustments. To improve the strategic planning in the local agriculture, the region needs an effective system that would ensure a continuous functioning process and competitive production. The research objective was to develop proposals in order to improve the strategic planning of regional agricultural development. The study was based on general scientific methods, i.e. synthesis, analysis, abstract-logical and economic-mathematical methods of economic research, etc. The author obtained materials from the Territorial Department of the Federal State Statistics Service and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Buryatia for 2018. The article introduces an analysis of the current development of strategic planning in agriculture and socio-economic problems of agricultural development in the Republic of Buryatia. The author developed some recommendations on the process of strategic planning of agricultural development. Competitive agricultural development requires an integrated approach that could ensure effective development of strategic plans and agricultural producers. The proposed strategic planning process will allow farmers to develop effective strategic plans while producing competitive products.
Dmitriy Ushakov
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-320-329

Abstract:
The research into social peculiarities, structure, and mechanisms of young teachers' self-realization is a relevant issue in modern sociological studies. The present paper features professional strategies that self-realization patterns. The research objective was to study strategies for professional self-realization employed by young teaching personnel of colleges. It was based on an authentic hybrid research complex, which included a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis techniques: methods of included observation, in-depth interviews, expert interviews, and content analysis of regulatory documents. The analysis revealed three types of adaptive strategies for professional self-realization of young teachers: Strategy of Success, Strategy of Remonstrative Self-Realization, and Strategy of Forced Self-Realization. The article emphasizes the connection between social prosperity and the chosen strategy. Adaptive strategies force young teachers to comply with expectations of their social environment, which disagrees with the concept of self-realization. The humanistic non-adaptive strategy based on a free choice of patterns and modes of the teacher's work, which makes it possible to preserve physical and psychological health and save human resources.
Elmira Lubkova, Galina Ermolaeva, Anna Shilova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-387-396

Abstract:
The availability of online financial services is becoming increasingly relevant in the context of the digital economy. On the one hand, they are easily assessable and not time-consuming. On the other hand, there is insufficient financial literacy and incomplete Internet coverage of remote areas – the obstacles that have to be overcome. The research objective was to evaluate availability of online financial services in remote access. The study featured the relationship between consumers and financial institutions in the process of implementing financial services in remote access. It was based on empirical, monographic, and abstract-logical research methods. An analysis of empirical data showed that most respondents could choose remote banking services. Fewer respondents had access to online services of insurance companies and other financial institutions. Respondents complained about various problems in obtaining remote access to financial services. The authors believe that the research can help improve regional financial programs and encourage further studies of local financial availability by increasing financial literacy, full Internet coverage, and confidence in financial institutions.
Olga Glushakova
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-339-349

Abstract:
The present research featured official methods of efficiency assessment of cultural institutions. The existing system focuses on quantitative assessment and does not take into account the delayed social and economic effects associated with the quality of human capital. Therefore, the current system of indicators requires expansion. Cultural institutions acquire state or municipal support based on their compliance to efficiency criteria. The author analyzed the financial support provided for implementation of priority national projects. The amount of funds for the development of the cultural sphere appeared to be one of the smallest. The current global uncertainty and new challenges caused the budget funding focus to shift. Taking into consideration the growing variability of external environment, cultural institutions can become efficient only by using modern management tools. The author studied official approaches to assessing the efficiency of cultural institutions. The research objective was to justify the need to use modern management tools in order to increase the efficiency of cultural institutions. The study was based on the institutional approach, as well as the methods of analysis, synthesis, and comparison. The paper introduces some practical recommendations for the use of modern management tools and the application of national standards. The results can be of some interest to top management of cultural institutions. The author proposes systemic and process approaches for implementation of creative projects. She believes that PDCA methodology, benchmark and GAP analyses, and the method of key performance indicators will develop the dynamic capabilities of cultural institutions and increase their strategic flexibility in conditions of high external variability.
Anzhelika Kiryuhina
Bulletin of Kemerovo State University. Series: Political, Sociological and Economic sciences, Volume 2020; doi:10.21603/2500-3372-2020-5-3-350-359

Abstract:
The state of employment on regional labor markets determines the economic development of the region. The present research owes its relevance to the problem of creating jobs on the Kuzbass labor market. The study involved data on vacancies offered in 24 local single-industry towns and posted on the website of the Department of Labor and Employment of the Kemerovo Region. The vacancies were grouped according to the register of spheres and types of professional activity. The professional qualification structure of the open vacancies was classified by the level and profile of education. A separate study was conducted for single-industry towns that possess the status of the territory of advanced social and economic development. The authors compared the open vacancies in these towns with the corresponding municipal development programs. The research objective was to identify areas of professional activity with the greatest shortage of personnel in Kuzbass single-industry towns. Enterprises in the region appeared understaffed with technical specialists with secondary vocational education. Most open vacancies were in the spheres of healthcare, transport, and industry. The study revealed a need to increase the prestige of qualified workers. The results can improve the efficiency of the employment service and educational institutions.
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