Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2522-1566 / 2522-1566
Current Publisher: Zaporizhzhia National University (10.26661)
Total articles ≅ 101
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DOAJ
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Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development; doi:10.26661/metod-2522-1566

Randhir Roopchund, Mauritius Université Des Mascareignes
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 3, pp 97-113; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-3/13-08

Abstract:
Mauritius ambitions to be a high-income economy and therefore seeks to develop an entrepreneurial culture by furthering entrepreneurship knowledge in its education system. The government is keen in encouraging youths to develop an entrepreneurial mindset through significant reforms in both secondary and tertiary education. The setting of the African Leadership University in Mauritius tries to fill the knowledge gap in leadership skills necessary for the development of entrepreneurship education. The African Leadership University is also using different pedagogies of education to create the right skills set for students so that they can embrace leadership and entrepreneurial roles in future. The current research uses a qualitative approach using multi-case methods and content analysis to analyse the initiatives for empowering potential youth entrepreneurs in secondary and tertiary education in the Mauritian context. The purpose of the research is therefore to analyse the different entrepreneurship education initiatives being undertaken to promote the right entrepreneurial culture both at secondary and tertiary level of education. The government has made Business and Entrepreneurship Education compulsory from Grade 7 till Grade 9 in secondary schools. The research findings show that students in secondary school are motivated to develop entrepreneurial knowledge and the subject highly meaningful. Conversely, there is lack of entrepreneurship courses at tertiary level especially in public universities. The African Leadership University is using the flipped classroom teaching pedagogy for promoting entrepreneurship with their students. Besides, NGOs such as YUVA are also supporting youths and entrepreneurs to upgrade their business knowledge. It is worth noting that SMEs already represented 40% of the GDP of our economy in the year 2017. JEL Classification: A20, M13
Aninditya Ferlita, Ruth Uli Sefanya, Dennis Athaya Nandita Winowatan
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 3, pp 57-71; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-3/13-05

Abstract:
The government as a public institution and citizens should have good relationship, where the government must know the citizens, starting from what the citizens need to what the citizens want. This analysis focuses on the publication activities of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (KESDM) carried out by the Communication Bureau of Public Information Services and Cooperation in publishing the Public Relations program of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources through Instagram media. It describes how the work and its stages have been carried out, whether communication which is executed was successfully or not. The approach used in this study is qualitative with the usage of New Media theory. The results of this study indicate that communication has an important role in disseminating information, especially in the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (KESDM) and the performance of the Communication Bureau of Public Information Services and Cooperation is carried out on a high professional level. The results of this study can be confirmed by followers of Instagram @KESDM who provided feedback or responses to information uploaded via Instagram @KESDM in the form of comments, likes and increased followers and participation in the @KESDM Instagram account. The findings of this study present and discuss the Public Relations Program of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. JEL Classification: D83, D80, H70
Syawaluddin Syawaluddin, Erwin Erwin, Joni Joni, Indonesia Stie Mikroskil Medan
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 2, pp 36-47; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-2/12-03

Abstract:
This study is aimed at analyzing the effect of expertise on employee performance in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan with work motivation as an intervening variable. This research involved 124 company employees. Data analysis tools used in hypothesis testing were validity, reliability and path analysis. The research results showed that expertise had a significant effect on employee performance in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. It means that the higher the expertise provided, the higher the employee performance in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Expertise significantly impacted the work motivation of employees in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. It means that the higher the expertise provided, the higher the work motivation of employees in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Work motivation had a significant effect on employee performance in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. This case means that the higher the employee work motivation, the higher the employee performance in PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. The empirical test resulted in Z count (36.0) > Z table (1.96) so that work motivation could mediate the relationship between expertise and employee performance. Therefore, H4 was accepted. This case means that the higher the expertise provided, the higher the employee work motivation so that employee performance increased as well. JEL Classification: O15, M51, M54. Дане дослідження спрямоване на аналіз впливу експертизи на продуктивність співробітників в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan з урахуванням мотивації в якості проміжної змінної. В даному дослідженні взяли участь 124 співробітника компанії. Інструменти аналізу даних, що використовуються при перевірці гіпотез: валідність, надійність і аналіз шляху. Результати дослідження показали, що експертиза мала значний вплив на роботу співробітників в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Це означає, що чим вище рівень проведеної експертизи, тим вище ефективність роботи співробітника в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Експертиза істотно вплинула на трудову мотивацію співробітників в ПТ «Динаміка Абаді Медан». В ході дослідження було виявлено, що чим вище рівень проведеної експертизи, тим вище й трудова мотивація співробітників в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Трудова мотивація мала значний вплив на ефективність роботи співробітників в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Відповідно, чим вище мотивація працівника, тим вище його продуктивність в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Емпіричний тест показав, що трудова мотивація може опосередковувати взаємозв'язок між досвідом і ефективністю співробітників і привів до висновку, що чим вище рівень проведеної експертизи, тим вище мотивація працівника, тому продуктивність праці співробітника також збільшується. JEL Classification: O15, M51, M54. Данное исследование направлено на анализ влияния экспертизы на производительность сотрудников в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan с учётом мотивации в качестве промежуточной переменной. В данном исследовании приняли участие 124 сотрудника компании. Инструменты анализа данных, используемые при проверке гипотез: валидность, надежность и анализ пути. Результаты исследования показали, что экспертиза оказала значительное влияние на работу сотрудников в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Это означает, что чем выше уровень проводимой экспертизы, тем выше эффективность работы сотрудника в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Экспертиза существенно повлияла на трудовую мотивацию сотрудников в ПТ «Динамика Абади Медан». В ходе исследования было выявлено, что чем выше уровень проводимой экспертизы, тем выше трудовая мотивация сотрудников в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Трудовая мотивация оказала значительное влияние на эффективность работы сотрудников в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Соответственно, чем выше мотивация работника, тем выше его производительность в PT Dinamika Abadi Medan. Эмпирический тест показал, что трудовая мотивация может опосредовать взаимосвязь между опытом и эффективностью сотрудников и привел к выводу, что чем выше уровень проводимой экспертизы, тем выше мотивация работника, поэтому производительность труда сотрудника также увеличивается. JEL...
Asih Widi Lestari, Semarang Universitas Diponegoro, Sri Suwitri, Endang Larasati, Hardi Warsono, Magelang Universitas Tidar
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 3, pp 8-15; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-3/13-01

Abstract:
Batu City is known as one of the leading tourist cities in Indonesia because of its extraordinary potential of natural beauty. The purpose of this research is to analysize the actor network in tourism management based on sustainable development in Batu City. This study used a descriptive research method with a qualitative approach. As a result it is recommended to strengthen the role Department of Environmental Service in tourism development policies in Batu City. Batu City Government needs to establish a forum for “Community Conscious Environment” as a controlling agent. Batu City Government also needs to expand cooperation with academics, especially in environmental assessment cooperation. JEL Classification : A21, I28
Oleh Pasko , Fuli Chen, Xuefeng Yao
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 4, pp 8-22; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-4/14-01

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between corporate governance and financial performance of Chinese logistics-related listed companies. Methodology:We use Stata 16.0 as a data analysis tool, using panel data of 53 listed companies from 2013 to 2019 for analysis. In the multiple regression analysis, ROA is the dependent variable, the six corporate governance factors related to the ownership structure, board of directors, and governance structure are independent variables, and the company size, asset-liability ratio, and market-to-book ratio are control variables. Subsequently, we used ROE instead of ROA to conduct a test, which verified the robustness of the analysis results. Findings: The results show that management ownership, institutional ownership and proportion of the largest shareholder are significantly positively correlated with performance. There is a non-linear relationship between board size and financial performance, while there is no significant relationship between the proportion of independent directors and financial performance. In large companies, CEO duality is significantly negatively correlated with financial performance. Originality/value: Previous research generally used a certain industry as the research object for analysis, and seldom had cross-industry analysis. This research uses listed companies in the entire logistics industry chain as the research object. The research results should also be applicable to listed companies in the logistics industry in other countries. JEL Classification: G34, R41
Adi Soekardi, Ratna Indrawati, Nofi Erni
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 4, pp 31-42; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-4/14-03

Abstract:
Staff performance is the result in quality and quantity that an employee can achieve in carrying out tasks related to the assigned responsibilities. Effective communication will help to create a healthy and open performance. This is very important in order to increase creativity and dedication of employees or staff at hospital. This research aims to analyze significant influence of leadership style and communication skills on staff performance by job satisfaction as intervening variable. Research method used here is quantitative research method method with causality research. The data source consists of primary data. The subjects of analysis were the employees in emergency radiology and diagnostic radiology. Data analysis was done byAMOS-path analysis. The results of the study showed that leadership style, communication skills and job satisfaction have a positive and significant effect on staff performance. Partially, there is a significant influence between communications on performance. The research findings show that leadership and communication styles may have a large direct influence on staff performance without influenced by job satisfaction. Leadership style has a negative influence on job satisfaction compared to staff performance. Communication skills have the greatest impact on improving staff performance compared to leadership styles and job satisfaction. JEL Classification: A130, M540, M520
Tetyana Shevchenko
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 4, pp 114-121; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-4/14-09

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the tools and methods that mass media organizations use at the present stage to conduct marketing research of the target audience - to find out their needs, interests, expectations, assessments regarding the media products they consume; аnd also studying of a question of necessity and importance of carrying out qualitative marketing researches in the mass media organizations. Analysis, synthesis, observation and comparison methods were used in the study. We have considered the tools and methods used to organize marketing research in the media business, demonstrate their specificity. After all, media products differ from other product categories in marketing in terms of audience perception. It is shown that the need and importance of studying the media needs of the audience by a mass media organization is provided by the functioning of the media not only as a business but also as a social institution that aims to ensure the joint activities of people. It is substantiated that clarifying the needs, interests, expectations, assessments of the audience regarding media products for mass media organizations are extremely important as for no other organization, as for no other business. JEL Classification: А12, А13, А14, М31
Muhammad Pujiyono, Indonesia Universitas Sebelas Maret, Mugi Harsono
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 4, pp 23-30; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-4/14-02

Abstract:
Human resource management cannot be separated from the factors of employees who are expected to perform as well as possible in order to achieve company goals. This research aims to examine the effects of individual characteristics and intrinsic motivation on innovative behavior and employee performance, and the influence of innovative behavior on employee performance. This research is quantitative analysis which obtains the sample data from 150 employees. Furthermore, the data is processed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) which assisted from the application program of Analysis of Moment Structure (AMOS) version 18.0. According to the result of the analysis, it is concluded as the followings: an individual characteristic has a positive effect on innovative behavior; intrinsic motivation has a positive effect on innovative behavior; individual characteristics has a positive effect on employee performance; intrinsic motivation has a negative effect on employee performance and innovative behavior has a positive effect on employee performance. JEL Classification: M500, M510, M590
Management and entrepreneurship: trends of development, Volume 1, pp 53-66; doi:10.26661/2522-1566/2020-1/11-04

Abstract:
Nowadays, business competition is very intense, which is true in the case of financial services business, including banks, Village Credit Institution and other financial service business which must always try to meet customer satisfaction. The aim of the study is to prove the need for ensuring customer satisfaction, considering its direct link with such concepts as customer retention and customer value. From empirical test result, conducted due to the research, it is obtained that customer value has a significant impact on customer retention in Village Credit Institution and that significance level of customer value significantly influences Customer Relationship Management in Village Credit Institution. In the same way, the results obtained intended that Customer Relationship Management has a significant impact on customer retention in Village Credit Institution and it can mediate the relationship between customer value and customer retention. Taking into account the fact that Village Credit Institution is of strategic role in the well-being of the region, serving micro small enterprises (MSEs) and citizens of Denpasar through services that are carried out in accordance with customer needs, it must be managed with efficient management pattern in all fields including services. JEL Classification: M19, M21, M30, M31. На сьогоднішній день конкуренція в бізнесі є дуже напруженою, це стосується зокрема бізнесу з фінансових послуг, включаючи банки, кредитні установи та інший фінансовий бізнес, які завжди повинні намагатися задовольнити клієнтів. Метою дослідження є доведення необхідності забезпечення задоволеності клієнтів, враховуючи його прямий зв’язок з такими поняттями, як утримання клієнтів та цінність клієнта. З результатів емпіричного тестування, проведеного в ході дослідження, випливає, що цінність клієнта має значний вплив на утримання клієнтів у сільській кредитній установі, і що рівень значущості цінності клієнта суттєво впливає на управління взаємовідносинами з клієнтами. Таким же чином, отримані результати передбачають, що управління взаємовідносинами з...
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