ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 2527-9319 / 2548-9747
Total articles ≅ 78
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Dwi Wahyuningtyas, Ade Kusuma, Roziana Febrianita,
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 47-65; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v6i1.11973

Abstract:
Private radio, which relies on programs with local cultural content in local languages, affects the success of reaching large audiences and financial benefits. In East Java, four private radios have the advantage of local cultural programs, namely Radio Jodhipati FM in Nganjuk, Radio Sritanjung FM in Banyuwangi, Radio Nada FM Sumenep, and Radio Media FM in Surabaya. This study aims to determine what cultural programs can increase the number of listeners and profitability on the four cultural radios. Furthermore, to find out why listeners like local cultural programs of each radio. This research on broadcast content on four cultural radios uses virtual ethnographic methods by collecting data, both offline and online. Researchers are involved in broadcasting activities on four cultural radios (offline) and listener interaction activities in the virtual world (online), namely Facebook and WhatsApp. This study conducted interviews with twelve informants representing radio management, local cultural figures, and loyal listeners. The results showed that each radio has excellent cultural programs with a solid appeal to maintain listener loyalty. The four cultural radios involve cultural experts in designing cultural programs. Listeners try to maintain local tastes because they realize that love for local culture is a strengthening of national identity, which is the richness of Indonesian culture.
Aswin Baharuddin, Adelita Lubis, Nurafiah Mustafa, Resky Ameliyah Arief, Achmad Firdaus Gassing, Mia Aulina Lubis
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 24-35; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v6i1.12633

Abstract:
This research is an elaboration of the response of the coalition of NGOs and affected communities in rejecting the sand mining in Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi. This study aims to analyze the motives and methods of advocacy carried out by NGOs and affected communities. This study also tries to examine the factors that influence cohesiveness between those who are resistant to this extractive industry. This research uses a qualitative approach. We got data in this study through interviews, observations, and document reviews. This study found that the primary motive of the Save Coastal Alliance Against the Sea Sand Mine in Takalar expresses resistance from NGOs and affected communities on the economic and environmental effects of the extractive industry of sand mining. The advocacy method adopted includes four step strategies. The first is conducting political education for citizens; Second, build alliances with other NGOs and; Third is conducting a lawsuit and; Fourth, through non-litigation. The study also found that cohesiveness between NGOs and affected communities was the dynamics of each group internally. This has contributed to building the context of relations between NGOs and the community.
Akhmad Kadir, Agustina Ivonne Poli, Pawennari Hijjang, Usman Idris, Aisyah Ali, Fredrik Sokoy
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 36-46; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v6i1.13074

Abstract:
One model of ownership of access and the management of coastal and marine resources is a communal property widely applied to indigenous peoples who have ”hak ulayat” (customary rights) over coastal and marine areas. This article aims to analyze and deeply describe the traditional knowledge systems and coastal resource management of the Tobati-Enggros coastal fishermen. This research is a qualitative descriptive study using an ethnographic approach. The data collection techniques used were in-depth interviews and field observations. The data analysis is interpretive descriptive. The results showed the traditional maritime knowledge system in Tobati-Enggros fishers includes the nature of the marine coast, fishing gears, types of fishing, and fishing season. Management of Coastal Resources is also regulated in the Customary Authority under the leadership of ”Keondoafian” (tribal chief) by implementing Manjo in managing coastal resources. This shows that the existence of Manjo customary law and subsistence utilization patterns, based on traditional knowledge systems, the Tobati-Enggros fishing community has local wisdom values closely connected with the aim of marine conservation.
Sukri Tamma
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 1-8; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v6i1.13465

Abstract:
This article aims to review a book entitled Hooked: How Politics Captures People's Interest (2018). This book is a work that tries to show how this interest in politics arises under several conditions. This book shows how several aspects are important factors in shaping one's interest in politics. Based on research data conducted from four countries that are claimed to be democratic countries, namely the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Switzerland, this book shows data on the conception of political interest by examining the influence of aspects of education, profession, and the position of parents. as well as ownership of certain income. This book succeeds in offering a fairly comprehensive analysis in understanding how human interest in politics can be formed.
, Nurus Shalihin
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 9-23; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v6i1.7147

Abstract:
This article aims to introduce the Extended Case Method (ECM) as an approach to qualitative social research. As an approach, the ECM rooted in the ethnography approach in the anthropological tradition and developed in the sociological tradition research. With reference to Michael Buroway (1998) as a developer of ECM and some articles that used ECM as a method, this paper outlines the basic concepts of ECM, their advantages and infirmity, and the application of theories in social research by using ECM. As an extended case, there are four aspects that extend on ECM, namely intervention, processes, structuration, and reconstruction (theory). The advantage of ECM is their four extending. Rather than the infirmity of ECM rooted from their advantage, namely domination, silencing, objectification, and normalization. The use of theory in ECM was carried out from the beginning to the end of the study. Base on their characteristics, ECM very feasible to use to understanding borderless society and ambiguity of case study on research of social science in general, and ethnography especially.
Bahagia Bahagia, Rimun Wibowo, Fachruddin Majeri Mangunjaya
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 349-365; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v5i2.11377

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to investigate the community resilience based on Leuit (traditional storage of paddies) in Cipatat Kolot customary community in Bogor, West Java. The research method exerts an ethnographic qualitative approach. To assemble data, an in-depth interview with the Cipatat Kolot customary community leaders and observation and documentation was used. The primary information sources of the research come from the leaders of Cipatat Kolot. The result is that the Cipatat Kolot community conserves traditional storage, namely leuit as a traditional building to store paddies from disasters like flooding. It can strengthen cultural resilience because storing paddies in leuit is a traditional heritage from their forefather. Directly, the cultural value can be nurtured from vanishing amid environmental and cultural changes, which can encourage people’s resilience. When storing paddies, there are rules like people must keep half of the overall paddy yields in leuit, and a half of paddy yields must be store at home. People can directly adapt to climate, environmental issues, and eco-catastrophe because they have ample staple food in traditional storage and house.
Nur Aisa Hamid Hamid, Dwia Pulubuhu, Hasbi Hasbi
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v5i2.11308

Abstract:
The article aims to explain Butonese women work ethics focusing on three factors, namely the development of work ethics, the aspects, and the challenges in developing their businesses. The research is a qualitative research with case study. The study is conducted in four villages in Luhu Hoamual District and West Seram District in Maluku Province, including Temi, Tapinalo, Mangge-mangge, and Eli. The informants were the Butonese women whose professions are traders. The methods used in this research are observation, interview and library research. The data analysis was done through reduction, presentation and concluding processes. This study found that the work ethic of Butonese women is not due to a religious calling as Weber said, but as a rational choice following Coleman ideas of surviving from the nature challenges, business opportunities, and family’s economic condition. In this process, two professions with different orientations were born. The pajibujibu sell their agricultural and plantation products from the west coast of Seram in Ambon city, meanwhile, the papalele sell fishery products on the west coast of Seram and the Hitu peninsula. If papalele is easy to get access to capital for business development, pajibujibu finds challenges to get it. Therefore, pajibujibu finds difficult to develop the business in compared to papalele. Nevertheless, both play important roles as actors in the economy of coastal communities.
Nurbaya Nurbaya, Wahyu Chandra, Pramesthi Widya Hapsari
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 319-331; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v5i2.9905

Abstract:
The traditional knowledge about the use of ancestral medicines to cure children was highly valued by the indigenous community and an essential part of their indigenous health system. This study aimed to provide insight into the traditional medication using plant-based medication to children in an indigenous community in South Sulawesi Province. This study was conducted in Kaluppini Village, Enrekang Regency, South Sulawesi. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted both in Bahasa Indonesia and the local language. Informants were traditional birth attendants and mothers of under-five. This study was carried out from January to June 2018. Data were analyzed using thematic coding. It is found that Kaluppini mothers have traditional knowledge of treatment. They used kinds of plants as traditional remedies to cure their children. This traditional medication named as pembollo’ and pejappi. Pembollo’ are traditional plants intended to cure sick children. Kaluppini people believe that pejappi is a collection of traditional plant that can treat kinds of illnesses among children, including to prevent them from supernatural things. Kaluppini indigenous people practice and believe in their traditional plants to cure their children. Traditional birth attendants play a crucial role in providing these traditional plants. Information provided in this study could be a rational basis for health-related stakeholders to develop programs of health education and promotion for indigenous communities.
Ikhtiar Hatta
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 304-318; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v5i2.10522

Abstract:
This study suggests the application of the syiar method as part of the relationship between the Alawiyyin to build their unity in living their social life with other communities. This study applies a historical approach that looks at how the Alawiyyin started with the construction of a social arena through an operational life order with Islamic faith and the noble values of the Alawiyyin, how the Alawiyyin lives and maintain the existing order in social relations. The results shows that through the institutions, norms, and symbolic apparatus covering the life of the Alawiyyin. Functionally, it could support their existence as a foreign Alawiyyin community in Maluku. Furthermore, this study reveals that the Alawiyyin builds their social arena by relating religious life and daily life practices. Through the teaching mode of the life of his ancestors, the prophet Muhammad, can form belief and devotion to Allah. In addition, it contributes positively to maintaining the lineage (genealogy) of the Alawiyyin in the middle of the arena of social life that continuously mix through the process of amalgamation. Apparatus that supports stability, commitment to love/loyalty of those around them is maintained through practice, grave pilgrimage, reading ratib, dhikr, proselytization, becoming a muhibbin, tasawuf, tawassul, barsanji, and kafaah marriage.
Hugo Warami
ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia pp 284-303; doi:10.31947/etnosia.v5i2.11195

Abstract:
Language and cultural richness of Biak Numfor in Papua is part of a national identity characterized by "Bhineka Tunggal Ika" (Unity in Diversity) as the basic foundation in building Indonesia. This article aims to reveal the identity system of speech in a community of Biak Numfor, Papua from an anthropolinguistic perspective. While the theoretical approach is an exploration of anthropolinguistic theory, the methodological approach is a descriptive one with an explanative dimension. From an anthropolinguistic perspective, this study seeks to apply scientific principles of socio-cultural data and adapt the steps in scientific studies to other fields of science. This study follows several stages, including providing data, analyzing data, presenting the results of the analysis. As a result, we holistically identify problems that refer to the system of phonology, naming and dialect differences, morpheme interference, syllable patterns, phoneme series, numeralia, unit of measurement, time unit, language vitality, language and culture migration, ritual tradition, dou tradition, faith, social unity and place of living, social stratification, marriage, kinship, legal culture (adat), legal sanctions, and forest ecology. The practical implication of this study is that it can be used as a basic reference in human resource development in Biak Numfor Regency. In addition, since anthropolinguistic theory has not been able to codify all language and socio-cultural systems, we suggest that theoretical collaboration in other fields is needed to complement the development of the theory.
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