Jurnal Biologi Tropis
ISSN / EISSN : 14119587 / 25497863
Current Publisher: Mataram University (10.29303)
Total articles ≅ 216
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 314-319; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1698
One of the factors that greatly influence the successful growth of cultivated fish is feed. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of iodine addition on the growth and survival rate of carp (Cyprinus carpio) seeds. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) method with 4 treatments and 3 replications. 10 fish per unit each, with treatment P0 (feed without adding iodine), P1 (feed + iodine at a dose of 10 mg / kg), P2 (feed + iodine at a dose of 20 mg / kg), P3 (feed + iodine at a dose of 30 mg / kg). The results showed that there was no significant effect (p> 0.05) on the growth rate, feed conversion and survival rate of goldfish. So it can be concluded that the addition of iodine in feed supplementation up to a dose of 30 mg / kg does not have a significant effect on the growth rate of length and absolute weight, feed conversion, survival rate and iodine content in the body of goldfish (Cyprinus carpio). The best recommended dose of iodine for growth is 20 mg / kg of feed, although the results were not significantly different for growth. However, it can have an effect on the iodine content in the body of goldfish.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 305-313; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.2022
In order to maintain soil fertility, NPK fertilizer applications that have been carried out by farmer need to be combined with non chemical fertilizer such as bokashi. Research on vegetative growth of kale land due to NPK and bokashi fertilizer has been carried out in Bajur Village, West Lombok Regency. The purpose of this research was to detemine: (1) vegetative growth of kale land due to different doses of NPK fertilizer, (2) vegetative growth of kale land due to different doses of bokashi, (3) the effect of interaction of NPK and bokashi fertilizer on growth of kale land, (4) Optimum dose of NPK fertilizer and bokashi for kale land. This research used 2 factors design. The first factor is the dose of NPK fertilizer and the second factors is the dose of bokashi. The growth parameters measured were stem height, leaf length, leaf width and number of kale land leaf. Reseach data analyzed using analysis of variance. The results showed that: (1) NPK fertilizer treatment significantly affected stem height, leaf length and kale leaf width, but have no significant effect on the number of kale land leaves, (2) bokashi aplication significantly affected stem heght, leaf length and kale land leaf width but did not significantly affect the number of kale land leaves, (3) the interaction of NPK fertilizer and bokashi did not significantly affect all growth parameters measured, (4) the optimun dose of bokashi for kale land is 1,2 kg for 8 kg of soil and the optimum dose of NPK fertilizer is 1,5 g per plant. It is recommended that kale land famers use 1,2 kg bokashi for 8 kg of soil and 1,5 g NPK fertilizer per plant.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 298-304; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.2013
The mining industry in Indonesia is growing rapidly, giving an environmental impact from the waste produced because it contains dangerous heavy metals, one of which is cadmium metal (Cd). The purpose to know the ability of cadmium resistance in bacterial isolates. Bacterial isolates were obtained from soil samples from the Poboya Gold Mine field, Palu. Bacterial isolation and selection were carried out by the plate count method, resistance testing using nutrient broth media containing heavy metals Cd, analysis of Cd concentrations using atomic absorption spectrophotometers. From the results of the study, four types of Cd resistant isolates were obtained based on macroscopic and microscopic characterization results, namely isolates EK1, EK2, EK3 and EK4. The two best isolates of Cd resistance, EK2 and EK4 isolates were tested on media containing 20 ppm Cd, showing that both of these isolates were able to significantly reduce Cd concentrations in the supernatant and pellets.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 279-289; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1812
Vannamei shrimp species look for lunch and dinner. These properties need to be known related to the amount of feed and frequency of feeding to be given. Because wasted feed is expensive and can reduce water quality, optimizing feeding practices is an important issue in shrimp culture management. The use of some ANCOs is intended to monitor feed consumption and estimate feed adjustments. So it is necessary to conduct research on the growth and graduation of vannamei shrimp (Litopenaeus Vannamei) with the feeding tray (ANCO) system in Av 8 Lim Shrimp Organization (LSO) in Sumbawa Regency. The method used in this research is descriptive method, namely research based on reality and the facts of the situation as it is. The results showed that the amount of feed every week or sampling is always different, this is because the amount of feed adjusted to the addition of shrimp growth every sampling. Addition and reduction of feeding is adjusted to the results of checking feed consumption on ANCO, adding the amount of feeding is done if when checking ANCO there is no feed left. Reduction in the number of gifts is done if when checking ANCO still left feed. In the 8th sampling the amount of feed decreased to 38 kg, this was due to the first partial harvest. In the 10th sampling is the lowest amount of feeding which is 30 kg, this is due to the second partial harvest, but in the 11th sampling the number of feeding again increased so that the shrimp could grow to its maximum potential during panentotal.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 270-278; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1984
Barramundi (Lates calcarifer) is known as Sea bass with a selling price of Rp.75,000 - Rp.80,000/Kg consumption size. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the addition of bread yeast with different doses to feed on the growth of Lates calcarifer. This study uses an experimental method with a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The treatments were P0=0% yeast, P1=0.5%, P2=0.10%, P3=0.15%, P4=0.20% yeast from the weight of the feed given. The results of the study are the bread yeast influences the growth of Lates calcarifer. The highest absolute weight gain in P4 treatment was 0.507 g. The highest absolute length increase in P4 treatment was 0.990 cm. The lowest FCR at perlakuan P1 yaitu 15,55. The highest survival rates are P2, P3, and P4 which is 100%. Erythrocytes with the highest total amount in P4 treatment 12,58x106 - 18,62x106 cells/mm3. Leukocytes with the highest total number in P2 treatment were 27,96x106 - 44,641x106 cells/mm3. Water quality parameter values in the maintenance media are in the range of requirements for Lates calcarifer cultivation. The conclusion of the study is the addition of bread yeast affects the growth of Lates calcarifer and the optimal dose that can increase the growth is 0,20%.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 263-269; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1895
Drosophilla melanogaster is a modern experimental organism in the field of genetics because it has different phenotypic characters and looks real, easy to get, cheap (can be bred in bottles containing only fermented banana media) and has a breeding time that is not too long (2 weeks with maturation time) initial sexual ie 7 hours after exiting the pupa). This study aims to differentiate male and female fruit flies, create growth media for fruit fly culture and observe the phenotype ratio of F1 monohibrid crosses. The method used is the crossing of fruit flies by inserting male fruit flies and female fruit flies into a jam jar containing the medium using fermipan and not using fermipan. The phenotype and sex of fruit flies are formed from crossing of fruit flies. The results obtained in the form of fruit flies at most can grow on agar media and added corn flour with yeast. The medium needed by fruit flies to grow is a medium rich in protein and not much water dense. The media with corn flour is strong enough to resist thawing caused by larval activity, so that many larvae are found. Based on these conclusions, it can be continued observation of the fruit fly's politen chromosome in the next research.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 290-297; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1926
Seaweeds (macroalgae) are a marine biological resource that have an important role in aquatic ecosystems and for society. The aim of this research was to determine community of seaweeds in Cemara Beach, East Lombok Regency.Data were collected at four observation points using a method of combinationof the line transect and quadrat. Seaweeds community data were analyzed using density parameters, important values, species diversity index, and species evenness index. The similarity percentage between transects was determined based on the Bray-Curtis cluster analysis using biodiversity program-version 2. In Cemara Beach there were 24 species of macroalgae which memberof 3 divisions, 11 orders and 15 families. Chlorophyta was a division with highest number of species. The number of species for Chlorophyta was 14 species, Rhodophyta division was 7 species, and Phaeophyta division 3 species. The species with highest density is Enteromorpha sp.,25.1 clumps/m2. Ulva lactuca is the species with the highest important value (72.69%). Diversity and evenness index in Cemara Beach seaweed species were 1,868 (medium category) and 0,699 (almost evenly distributed).The results of cluster analysis based on environmental parameters, species similarity and number of clumps of seaweed species, diversity index, and species evenness index indicate that seaweed in Cemara Beach can generally be divided into 2 groups.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 256-262; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1932
Most of the tidal land in the lakeside of Rawa Pening is currently used for rice farming activities. This activity is thought to have negative impacts on seasonal herbaceous wetland ecosystem in this region. The study aimed to analyze the influence paddy fields toward the seasonal herbaceous wetland ecosystems in Rawa Pening Lake through an vegetation composition and structure approach. This study is a quantitative descriptive research with field observation method. Data of vegetation was collected using line intercept transect technique in the area widely of 625 m2 for each affected and unaffected ecosystem sample. Data analysis was performed by calculating the Sorensen Similarity Index (IS), the Margalef Diversity Index (R), the Shanon-Wiener Diversity Index (H'), the Dominance Index (C), and the Evenness Index (E). The results showed that there were differences in the composition and structure of vegetation on the two ecosystem samples, seen from the value of similarity index (IS) between both of them that included in the low criteria (39.85%). The results also showed that the Shanon-Wiener Diversity Index (H') and the Margalef Diversity Index (R) on the affected ecosystem sample (H' = 1,9834; R = 1,825) are lower when compared to the unaffected ecosystem sample (H'= 2,1297; R = 2,112). So it can be concluded that the existence of paddy fields has changed the composition and structure of vegetation and reduced the diversity of vegetation in the affected ecosystem. Based on these conclusions, it is recommended to construct a sustainable management system of paddy fields on Rawa Pening Lake's tidal land as the effort for natural ecosystems maintenance in this region, especially in the biodiversity and ecological services preservation.
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 245-255; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1933
Non-forest estate (APL) such as Tawang Serimbak need to be maintained because they store various flora that is useful for human life, one of which is medicinal plants. The research objective is to identify, analyze the potential, and to know the protection status of medicinal plants found in the Tawang Serimbak forest. The method of research were making a 100x100 m (square) cluster. At the center of the square placed a circular plot within 0.1 Ha (0.5 Ha of each cluster). Four circular subplots were made in each plot consisting of 1 m radius seedling subplot, 2 m for stake subplot, pole subplot (5 m radius), and 17.8 m for tree subplot. Data of species, efficacy, and protection status (IUCN) were identified, and the potency of plants were analyzed using plants density (number of plants/Ha). Tawang Serimbak forest has been identified as having 49 species of medicinal plants. Some species have great potentials such as Galearia fulva, Shorea uliginosa, and Alseodaphne sp. A total of 9 species of medicinal plants were identified in protected status, two of which were endangered; namely, Lithocarpus maingayi, Shorea uliginosa, and one other species with Endangered (critical) status, namely Santiria rubiginosa. Protection of forests in APL by the community can maintain the biodiversity of medicinal plants. The existence of the Tawang Serimbak forest needs to be protected and turned into a forest with high conservation value (HCV).
Jurnal Biologi Tropis, Volume 20, pp 237-244; doi:10.29303/jbt.v20i2.1896
Ferns are a planting medium that is commonly used in Phalaenopsis cultivation, but the growing demand for fern will increase the selling price and the availability of fern is limited. So a solution is needed to reduce the maintenance and maintenance costs by utilizing peanut shells as a growth medium. The purpose of this study is: 1. To determine the effect of peanut skin media on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchid 2. To find out better which influence between fern media, fern media plus peanut skins, or peanut skin media on orchid growth month of Phalaenopsis amabilis. When the research began in May 2019 until October 2019. The research object was in the form of a 4-5 month-old orchid, the research location in the Biology Laboratory of the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangun Nusantara University, Sukoharjo. Simple randomized study design with three treatments. Treatment A by giving fern media, treatment B by giving fern media mixed with peanut skin, and treatment C by giving peanut skin media. The research variables are the number of leaves, leaf length, leaf area, number of roots and root length measured once a week for 8 weeks. Data analysis with 2. Variance Test (Anova or Kruskal Wallis test) 3. Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) or Moods Median Test. From the results of the study it was found that all observed growth variables (number of leaves, leaf width, leaf length, leaf area, number of roots, average root length, and wet weight) were treated with fern, mixed (Fern and peanut shell) media, and media of peanut skin, there was no significant difference in the effect on the growth of the month orchid. Which means that the three types of media both have an influence on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. media ferns and peanut shells have their advantages and disadvantages of each. So it can be concluded that, 1. The use of peanut skin media can affect the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. 2. Media fern, a mixture of fern media and peanut skins, and peanut skin media can provide the same effect on the growth of Phalaenopsis amabilis month orchids. From the results of the study it can be recommended that peanut skins can be used as a medium or a mixture of growing media of Phalaenopsis amabilis orchids.