Journal of Education and Learning

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1927-5250 / 1927-5269
Total articles ≅ 960
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Montha Chumsukon
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p197

Abstract:
The current study explored the effect of a developed Geography curriculum framework towards promoting pre-service teachers’ creative thinking (CT) across its 4 components namely: fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration through instructional media production. A research and development (R&D) model were employed which consisted of 3 phases: Phase 1 involved target group survey using a requirement survey form and administered to participants before the study implementation; Phase 2 involved the creation of curriculum and application of the curriculum contents; Phase 3 was the implementation of the curriculum and a mixed-method type of research was employed. 56 participants, organized into 7 groups with 8 members, have participated in 4 sessions of instructional media production. Data were collected from the participants’ created instructional media task performance aimed at enhancing their creative thinking. Thereafter, a questionnaire on participants’ satisfaction level towards the training as well as interview were conducted after the training was provided. Results revealed that the participants made noteworthy gains as they yielded “high” level on their task performance indicative of an improvement on their CT skills. “Flexibility” and “elaboration” were described as the most and least improved CT components, respectively. Moreover, the participants were most satisfied on the training as most of them revealed that it encouraged them towards effective learning. Additionally, qualitative results reveal participants’ positive experiences towards instructional media production which helped foster their CT skills. Finally, the findings have provided substantial support for the instructional media production to be included in the Geography curriculum as an instructional pedagogical support to enhance students’ creative thinking skills.
Venessa Sualog Casanova
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p170

Abstract:
This descriptive study determined the predictors of research performance of the graduate students in Occidental Mindoro State College, San Jose, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines. This research specifically looked into the graduate students’ level of research performance, attitude towards research, challenges encountered, and the strategies employed to cope with the research challenges. A total of 41 completely enumerated students enrolled in Methods of Research and Thesis Writing during the second semester of Academic Year 2018-2019 served as respondents of the study. The study found that the graduate students’ level of research performance is high, specifically in writing the statement of the problem, hypothesis, significance of the study, and definition of terms. They have a positive attitude towards research in terms of usefulness and predispositions. They have negative research anxiety. Challenges encountered include insufficient funds, developing interest, inability to select researchable topics, and limited related literature. Coping strategies employed were frequent consultations with the adviser, seeking help from other competent faculty and students, using technology, and giving material appreciation. Attitude and challenges encountered were found to be predictors of the graduate student’s research performance. A positive attitude towards research and the moderate challenges encountered could affect the graduate student’s research performance.
Xiaoyao Yue, Yan Ye, Xu Zheng, Yanan Yang
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p122

Abstract:
Academic leadership is considered a key factor in university and research institute development. In a competitive environment, the role of academic leadership has become increasingly important. At present, China is committed to building world-class universities and advanced research institutes, while academic leadership is one of the key factors. Thus, what is the ideal academic leadership in China’s institutional environment? What professional qualities should principal investigators have? This study investigates these issues with in-depth interviews of six principal investigators. The finding shows that the definition of academic leadership by principal investigators refers to academic expertise, assigning the team member, setting a direction, academic social skills, managing team member relationships, boosting team morale, and teamwork skills. Furthermore, academic expertise is often supposed to be more important than other abilities. In terms of competence, the definitions of leadership by Chinese principal investigators and the literature on Western academic leadership are similar.
Satoshi Kusaka
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p76

Abstract:
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) education has been actively implemented around the world recently. ICT curriculum in schools is intended to improve students’ programming-oriented thinking rather than to train them as programmers. The core of ICT education is ‘computational thinking’. Computational thinking is taking an approach to solving problems, designing systems and understanding human behaviour that draws on concepts. Various countries try to develop ICT curriculum based on this concept. However, unlike traditional subjects, the ICT curriculum has yet to create a unified structure. This research sheds light on the characteristics of ICT education curricula by comparing and contrasting curricula in the United Kingdom (UK), the United States and Australia. Finally, a common framework is proposed on the basis of the discussion. Furthermore, while ICT education is often addressed solely from the standpoint of science and technology, a social science perspective is needed. Therefore, the importance of social science in ICT education will also be clarified.
Erez Nahmias, Mina Teicher
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p102

Abstract:
Thinking development processes among high-school students is an important and significant issue that has been widely investigated (Leviathan, 2012; Ball, 1996; De Risi, 2015). A few studies discuss the development of mathematical thinking as this field contains additional difficulties to the traditional factors, teachers, students, and parents, and is one of the most important areas taught in school, according to De Risi (2015). Due to the importance of this subject, the challenge facing researchers, mathematicians, and educators is how to improve students’ abilities and achievements in mathematics. In recent years, researchers have found that in order to improve students’ achievements and abilities in mathematics, one can use self-direction. Self-direction is a strategy by which the learner acquires the ability to cope with learning from several aspects and contributes to inking development. In this study, we showed that self-directed learning with an emphasis on metacognition would improve students’ understanding of the subject in question. Using the metacognitive guidance model, the students acquire and develop learning skills that contribute to developing their geometric thinking. In this study, there is the added value of using a learning model based on metacognitive guidance and its significant contribution to combining multiple subjects into one problem.
Xiaoyao Yue, Yan Ye, Xu Zheng, Yongjun Feng, Yanan Yang
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p187

Abstract:
The improvement of teacher leadership is the key to promote the quality of kindergarten education. As a kind of teacher leadership, authentic leadership is related to the teacher’s personality traits. This paper collects data on the authentic leadership and personality of 157 teachers in three private kindergartens in Kunming, Yunnan Province of China, and validates the research hypothesis that teacher personality can affect teachers’ authentic leadership through SPSS analysis. Based on the descriptive analysis and linear regression analysis, it can be seen that the authentic leadership of private kindergarten teachers in Yunnan Province needs to be further improved, and personality as an inseparable part of predicting leadership needs to be re-emphasized. Results also indicate that when testing personality traits, future researchers must use complete questionnaires instead of short questionnaires.
Hande Baba Kaya, Öznur Kara, Pelin Ustaoğlu Hoşver
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p133

Abstract:
The aim of this research is to examine the ideal physical education profile from the perspective of physical education teacher educators, that is, academicians working in the physical education and sports teaching department of the faculties of sports sciences. Within the scope of this purpose, the views of the academicians about the pre-graduate education, the undergraduate education period and their own teaching were compared with their views on the ideal physical education teacher. In order to express the comparisons more clearly, metaphor was used. The academicians were asked to match the physical education teachers who influenced them the most from their past to the future, their own teaching and their views on the ideal physical education teacher, with the nature metaphor presented to them by the researchers. In the study, which was based on the qualitative research method, the “interview” approach and the “interview form method” were used as the data collection method. According to the stratified sampling method, the participants of the study; taking into account the academic titles of the participants; 3 professors, 3 associate professors, 3 assistant professor and 3 lecturers A total of 12 physical education teacher educators (academics) were determined. As a result of the research, it was observed that while the participants defined their pre-graduate teachers closer to the ideal teacher in terms of their physical characteristics, they defined their undergraduate physical education teachers and themselves as closer to the ideal physical education teacher in the main themes of personality traits, teacher leadership styles and teaching methods.
Charin Mangkhang, Nitikorn Kaewpanya, Tongsukh Sombun, Watchara Pangchan
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p177

Abstract:
The objective of this research is to 1) explore historical background through a participatory workshop on the legend of Phra Nang Malika of Wiang Malika in Lanna, and 2) create indigenous history learning resources through mural painting and picture book, the legend of Phra Nang Malika, in Mae Ai Luang Temple Chiang Mai Province. The samples included the following: 1) 22 community leaders, monks, school administrators, teachers, village philosophers, and youth representatives; 2) 8 indigenous technologists; and 3) 5 learning management specialists. Purposive sampling was used to choose a total of 35 individuals. The instruments used in the research were an unstructured interview, a knowledge synthesis form to create murals, and a validity assessment form and 4) a performance evaluation form for a picture book regarding indigenous history. Quantitative data were examined using statistical software to determine the mean and standard deviation. Qualitative data were analyzed using content analysis and presented in a descriptive format. The findings indicated that; 1) In Mae Ai district, the legend of Wiang Malika and Phra Nang Malika is a legacy of Chiang Mai Province, which is related to the history of Fang, and Phra Nang Sam Pew, which is connected to the Lanna Kingdom’s historical growth. In terms of trade, politics, governance, and religion, for example, is considered the role of women as rulers or kings, which exemplifies the notion of feminism throughout history and influencing the development of the Lanna Kingdom’s later age and 2) The outcome of the development of learning resources on indigenous history through murals and picture book at Phra Nang Malika in Mae Ai Luang Temple, Chiang Mai Province, through “the Mahabowon Model of Social Studies Learning Network or CMUR Model” resulting in educational materials on indigenous history that integrate the cooperation of universities, communities, temples, and schools, resulting in high-quality knowledge of indigenous historical record. A summary of the indigenous history picture book is also included. The appropriate sampling value is most suitable (x = 4.57, SD = 0.37).
Seyed Mousa Sheikholeslami
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p84

Abstract:
The factors that affect Human Development Index have been investigated extensively in previous researches. These studies consider education as an important factor and focus on the quality of education such as teachers’ skills, educational facilities and student conditions. Democracy has also been established as an important factor in HDI. In this study, we examined two variables, the democracy index and the land language index as fundamental variables of the Human Development Index (HDI). The land language index is a new variable created to signify the importance of the medium of instruction in higher education institutes, particularly in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields. We performed a multiple-correlation analysis with the available data to find the correlation of these two indices on HDI. We found that together, the democracy index and land language index had a strong correlation to HDI. The results of this study can have a significant impact on social scientists and policymakers and should be considered for further research.
Burcu Akkaya
Journal of Education and Learning, Volume 10; https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v10n5p109

Abstract:
This research aimed to determine the metaphorical perceptions of class teachers and reveal whether these perceptions are affected by the teaching approaches they adopt. Because teachers’ opinions were collected in written form, this study is a descriptive survey model study. The participants of the study consisted of 64 class teachers chosen through the maximum variety sampling method. A data collection tool consisting of two open-ended questions was developed to determine the metaphors and educational approaches teachers adopt. According to research results, teacher metaphors are highlighted in two categories as “metaphors giving active roles to the teacher” and “metaphors giving passive roles to the teacher”. Generally, teachers adopted one of the behaviouristic, cognitive, and constructivist approaches. This study revealed that participants who adopted behavioural and cognitive educational approaches produced metaphors giving active roles to the teacher. Participants who adopted the constructivist educational approach produced metaphors giving passive roles to the teacher. It was determined that there is a strong significant relationship between the metaphors that teachers produce and the educational approach they adopt.
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