Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun
ISSN / EISSN : 2338-8617 / 2443-2067
Current Publisher: SCAD Independent (10.26811)
Total articles ≅ 151
Latest articles in this journal
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 1-16; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.545
In the Quranic revelations period, the electronic money has not been known yet, but the National Sharia board-Indonesia Council of Ulama (DSN-MUI) has issued a fatwa and referred to the Quranic verses as one of its legal bases. The fatwa mentioned is fatwa Number: 116/DSN-MUI/IX/2017 about Sharia Electronic Money. This fatwa said that sharia electronic money is electronic money suitable with sharia principles. The verses in this fatwa were analyzed based on the historical background of revelation, to find out whether the legal basis for the fatwa is the verses related to economic activities or not. This study showed that the Quranic verses used as a legal basis for a fatwa on the sharia electronic money were not only the verses revealed in relation with the economic activity or the verses in which economic activity was implied, but also the Quranic verses revealed in relation with other activity in which the Islamic principles were implied, and then those Islamic principles have been applied in a fatwa about sharia electronic money.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 103-122; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.450
This study aimed to explain the development of the Human Resources model at IAIN Lhokseumawe in particular and Islamic Universities in general. The results showed that Human Resource Development at IAIN Lhokseumawe had focused on factors of trust, emotional ties, power relations, and career cycles. However, it had no discipline, did not have a platform that was designed and integrated, did not utilize the spirit of religion and culture as strong energy for the development of human resources. Therefore, IAIN Lhokseumawe is in a need of a comprehensive and futuristic human resource development model. This model was built based on HRD factors, HRD aspects, HRD methods, and HRD strategies/steps. HRD factors were emphasized on the platform designed, the work balance between employees, discipline, and the utilization of the potential of cultural plurality and Islamic spirit as an intrinsic power of human resource development. The development was carried out in an integrated and parallel way between individual development, career, organization, and performance management through flexible work arrangements, knowledge sharing, and the adoption of innovative technologies in a sustainable and strong leadership system.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 123-144; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.517
The work ethics are one of the main determinants of the performance as it is believed to minimize the occurrence of deviant behavior in an organization. The police are bureaucrats who served as law enforcers as well as public servants to maintain security and order, so they are expected to demonstrate ethical behavior to keep the public trust. However, several unethical behavior issues are found in the organization. Cultural organizations in the police are believed to have served as one of the causes of unethical behavior by the police. The effort to build an understanding of the unethical behavior concept as a result of the work ethics implementation that is based on the organizational culture in the police corps through indigenous approaches was set as the goal of this exploratory study. A survey using open questions was given to 82 police staff in one of the regional police in Java. The results of this study illustrated the perspective of the police towards the elements of the work ethics implementation (internalization process, sanctions, and supervision) in the organization that is opening opportunities for unethical behavior. Theoretical and practical implementation of the results of this study would be discussed.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 59-70; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.515
Young adult is a period of adaptation from adolescence to adulthood. The young adult is vulnerable to the onset of stress due to various demands and problems at hand. Stress is often associated with harmful behaviour one being smoking. Not only men but women are now becoming smokers too. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between gender, stress, and smoking behaviours in young adults in Banda Aceh. This research used the correlation research design. Incidental sampling technique was used with a total sample of 105 people (57 male smokers and 48 female smokers). Data was collected using an adapted version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 42). Hypothesis test using the Spearman correlation test technique showed a significance of r = 0.37 (p) 0.00 (0.05), which means that men have a higher level of cigarette consumption than women.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 17-38; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.504
The sources of pesantren funding are limited either from the government, santri parents, or the community. The government has not budgeted pesantren funds in the state budget or regional budget even though there is a policy for pesantren. The search for pesantren financing sources based on the potential of the agribusiness-based social entrepreneurship environment is very desirable. This article aimed to examine the implementation of pesantren financing based on agribusiness social entrepreneurship. Data collection techniques were carried out with the study of documentation, observation, and interviews with the planning, implementation, supervision, evaluation, and accountability of pesantren financing. The study found that Pesantren Al Ittifak Ciwidey in Bandung District implemented agribusiness-based social entrepreneurship financing through five steps namely planning, implementing, controlling, evaluating, and accountability. The study concluded that the implementation of pesantren financing based on agribusiness social entrepreneurship Al Ittifak Ciwidey Bandung was prepared through accounting (budgeting), namely preparing activity plans and pesantren budgets using SWOT analysis; Funding was carried out to finance underprivileged students, to pay teachers, professional development (training), and infrastructure; Supervision of education funding in PPAI Al Ittifak Ciwidey was carried out by the PPAI Management Team, Kiyai, and the board of educators by monitoring, guiding, and solving problems to the RAPBP, Cash, and Equipment; Funding evaluation was carried out at the end of each semester and the end of the school year. Funding accountability was focused on the parents of students, the community, and the Government as well as the PPAI leader, Kiyai.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 161-178; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.486
Conflict is one of the problems that occurs when every human, organization, and the social life of the organization. Conflict can be reviewed through the root of existing problems that can be internal or can be external. The science of public administration has the right resolution in dealing with the mechanism of collaborative governance. The literature review approach applied was based on scientific journals published in the database. The database that the authors used were Scopus, Science Direct, and Taylor and Francis Group. The result of this research showed that the implementation of the proposed collaborative governance form of cooperation structure and the policy then is the creation of the community plan making. Furthermore, the types of conflicts resolved by collaborative governance in the 2015-2019 period were the source of conflicts that often occur in that period. Researchers suggested that researching collaborative governance can be developed in government so that it can be implemented in overcoming various public problems.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 179-188; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.484
The values of character in the classroom can be applied through practical activities. Therefore, the learning needs to be applied using lab modules that foster student character values. The purpose of this study was to describe the value of independent character, Environmental Awareness, and curiosity of students on the application of the lab module for the use of secondary metabolites. The research was a descriptive study. It was conducted at Samudra University, Langsa City. The research subjects were students of chemical education at FKIP Samudra university. Data in this study were obtained through interviews and questionnaires. The questionnaire analysis technique was performed using a percentage formula and interpreted to determine the student character value categories. The results showed the average student character values in the use of the lab module secondary metabolite utilization are 84% in the excellent category. Based on the statistical tests, sig. 0.00 showed that the character values of students in the use of lab modules were on average above 50. The results of this study are expected to be information for researchers to develop integrated lab modules for character values.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 221-240; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.411
This research aimed to determine the effect of the problem based learning model on critical thinking skills in excretory system subject. The research was quasi experimental research by using pretest postest control group design. The population of this research was all students of SMA Negeri 1 Prambanan. The research sample of this research used two classes, class XII MIPA 4 with 27 students as the control class and class XII MIPA 3 with 31 students as the experimental class implementing problem based learning. Data were collected by using a test instrument in the form of multiple choice questions. The data obtained were analyzed using the Independent sample T-test. The calculation results showed a significant value of 0,000 < 0,05, thus, it can be concluded that there was a difference in the critical thinking skills between the control and experimental class.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 39-58; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.571
The paper investigated and explored experts’ opinions regarding the post-pandemic control strategies within the South Asian perspective to make the Nepalese economy robust. The study was based on qualitative methods of analysis and the method of the study had been classified into two parts: Primary & Secondary. For secondary, data were collected through published reports, journal articles, the daily national newspaper, media, and Television coverage & personal observation, and experience. Whereas, for primary data, the study was carried out considering the way to control the post-pandemic effects on developing economies particularly in Nepal. The result of the study depicted that the post control of covid-19 effects on economic revival policies should prioritize sectorial concerns on the agriculture and industry sector of the economy over service sector and remittance. Therefore, for the pandemic recovery issue, the government and private sector’s role is to jointly solicit a model Public, Private, Partnership for the firm relief of economic stability. Thus, the paper concluded that there is an urgent need to prepare the post control strategy to minimize economic vulnerability. In this situation, Nepal needs strategies for good governance rather than a complex and mysterious plan.
Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, Volume 9, pp 145-160; doi:10.26811/peuradeun.v9i1.549
This research centered on enhancing Islamic Da’wah and Islamic teachings through the usage of social media. The purpose of this research was to examine how Muslims make use of social media to enhance Da’wah and Islamic knowledge among Muslims and non-Muslims, and the various Muslim scholars and groups on social media platforms who utilized the new technology to propagate the message of Islam. The paper adopted qualitative and analytical research methodologies in analyzing the issue in the research article, the paper also conducted an in-depth interview with two respondents at different intervals. Consequently, this paper explored the newest means of tapping the treasures of social media towards augmenting Da’wah activities and spreading the knowledge of Islam. The paper identified various individual Muslim scholars and groups that created pages/channels on Facebook, YouTube, WhatsApp, Telegram, Twitter, and other social media platforms to enhance Islamic da’wah and knowledge. Hence, the paper found out that social media is a workable and genuine tool for the propagation ideals of Islam.