Journal of Curriculum and Teaching
ISSN / EISSN : 1927-2677 / 1927-2685
Current Publisher: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 239
Latest articles in this journal
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p29
In this paper, we examined the epistemological dilemma embedded in Jamaica’s new National Standards Curriculum (NSC), as seen through student teachers' experience. A basic qualitative research design was used with a purposive sample of ten student teachers, eight females and two males. They were all in the final semester of their four-year teacher education program for a Bachelor of Education in Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET). Findings indicated student teachers perceived the 5 E-Design process in the new National Standards Curriculum allows knowledge to be constructed through facilitation, conducting research in class, problem-solving, exploration, questioning, real-life experiences, and using active learning strategies. They also reported that resources were lacking in classrooms, some cooperating teachers were resistant to the 5E Methodology, readiness of students were lacking but over time students adopted to strategies used in the 5E approach and began to participate actively in class.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p10
The business community faces tremendous challenges in the 21st century and needs an educated workforce that can navigate the realities of empowered customers, new scientific and media technologies, growing environmental and social concerns, and global competition. Unfortunately, undergraduate business education, for the most part, continues to rely on 20th century theories and practices. Undergraduate marketing education, in particular, seems to have stagnated and continues to fall short on both relevance and rigor. This article presents the results of a two-year departmental initiative to review, revise, and reinvent the undergraduate marketing curriculum at a large public research university’s business school. After analyzing the internal and external forces that were the impetus for change, the article presents the process the marketing department used to reform the undergraduate program. Next, the articles discusses the results of six data collection projects among key constituency groups that revealed weaknesses in the undergraduate program and potential areas for improvement. The article concludes with the presentation of a transformed undergraduate marketing curriculum, along with initial assessment feedback. By engaging in continuous evaluation and improvement, the marketing faculty hope to provide undergraduate marketing students with a more rigorous and relevant academic experience that will enable them to succeed in the professional workforce of the 21st century.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p89
The response to COVID-19 created a need to evaluate options and develop innovative solutions to assure students progressed towards graduation. Creating both a Community Pharmacy APPE Test-Out Option and a Virtual Community Pharmacy APPE was a positive experience which provided a vital resource for students who were unable to complete the traditional Community Pharmacy APPE due to the pandemic. This solution provided a unique opportunity to utilize the combined expertise of faculty to tailor the Community Pharmacy APPE based on the individual student’s previous experience and educational needs and meet both ACPE and graduation requirements. Further development of this option could prove useful as we move forward in these unprecedented times.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p1
The present study aimed to explore the impact of distance education on the learning outcome of students in computer skills course in Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University in Al-Sulail, Saudi Arabia. In this study, the learning outcome is represented in the students’ academic achievement. The researcher adopted an experimental approach. He selected a sample consisting from 80 male students from 4 sections of a computer skills course. Those students were divided equally into control and experimental groups. The members of the control group were taught through adopting a face-to-face instructional approach. They attended 4 face-to-face lectures. The members of the experimental group were taught online through using the Blackboard system. The researcher used a pre-test and a post-test for assessing students’ academic achievement. SPSS program was used. It was found that both groups share similar levels of computer literacy. It was found that distance education has a significant positive impact on students’ academic achievement in the computer skills course. The researcher recommends adding online instructional activities to the curricula used in Saudi universities.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p40
This study aimed to examine the importance levels of mathematics-specific trend variables in PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) 2003 and 2012 in predicting mathematics performance across years with a two-step analysis method. The sample of the study was 9703 Turkish students (N2003=4855 and N2012=4848) selected by clustered and systematic sampling methods. As data analysis methods, multilayer perceptron and radial basis functions techniques of artificial neural networks and multiple linear regression were used. In the two-step analysis, first, the least erroneous model was selected as the analysis method. Then, variable importance analysis was performed with this method. The results with the lowest relative errors were obtained by the multilayer perceptron when compared to radial basis functions. The results of neural network analysis had similar or lower error rates when compared to multiple linear regression. In both PISA cycles, significant predictors were mathematics self-efficacy, mathematics interest, student-teacher relations in school, attitudes towards the school, mathematics self-concept, mathematics instrumental motivation, and teacher support in mathematics classes, respectively. The results were discussed in the light of relevant literature.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p75
The present study aimed to determine the impact of argument-based laboratory method on the scientific process skills of pre-service primary school teachers and their views on the nature of science.The study was designed based on the pretest-posttest quasi-experimental method and conducted with 64 sophomore pre-service primary school teachers (37 in the experimental group, 37 in the control group) studying a Primary Education Department. The dependent variables of the studies are the views of the pre-service primary school teachers on the nature of science and their scientific process skills, while the independent variable of the study was argument-based laboratory application The nature of science scale and scientific process skills tests were used as the data collection tools. The Argument Driven Inquiry approach was employed in the experimental group, while a conventional laboratory approach was implemented in the control group. The findings of the study revealed that the argument-based laboratory method have improved the student views on NOS and their scientific process skills.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p55
The gap between educational knowledge that is taught in universities and actions by teachers can be sizeable. A sustainable change in teachers' efforts requires particular sensitivity and awareness of this gap between subject-specific educational thinking and acting and between theory and practice. This study explored the extent to which a reflection on personal routine in class undertaken by geography teachers, and the associated awareness of their deficits ("the gap"), can contribute to a change in action. In this study, ten teachers from German Gymnasiums in North Rhine-Westphalia participated in a four-month-long intervention. The teachers had to document their lessons, work through possible deficits in peer discussions, and discuss solutions. The results showed that although intervention helped raise awareness of deficits, it was not enough to bring about a lasting change in teachers' actions. Possible causes for this lack of lasting change are reflected upon, and teacher training consequences are considered.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p172
Instructors of online courses face unique challenges to ensure student interaction with course material. Sometimes, even the most exciting content is insufficient in an attempt to engage students. Online, asynchronous discussions offer promise as a means to increase student-to-student and student-to-content interaction and, ultimately, student satisfaction with online courses. The modification of structured discussion protocols designed for use in face to face environments offers instructors of online courses an efficient method of adding purpose and structure to asynchronous discussions. This research employed a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent group design to examine students' perception of asynchronous discussion before and after applying a structured discussion protocol that included a clear statement of purpose, directions for participation, and a grading rubric. Results from the data analysis indicated that student perception of online asynchronous discussions improved when a structure was added. Results also showed a lower level of dissatisfaction when discussions were structured.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p182
This study contributes to the literature on first year teachers by identifying complexities and struggles of becoming a teacher and the implications of district-university partnerships to strengthen our educator preparation program. The importance of partnerships with stakeholders, memorandum of agreements to share data, observations of first year teachers by university faculty, employer surveys, and the first year teacher’s perspectives about how well our university prepared them, as well as how they compare with other first year teachers nationally is addressed. Multiple sources of data were used to provide information about completers, individuals that graduated from the educator preparation program. These include state reports, national trends, and review of survey results next to universities across the United States involved in teacher preparation. Graduates of our teacher preparation program have a 93% retention rate after five years of teaching. The national average is 50% after five years.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p190
This study aims to analyze to what extent the competency of ‘Communication in Foreign Languages’ and ‘Digital Competency’ which are addressed in Turkish Qualifications Framework and instruction programs in Turkey are covered by life sciences course books. The research was performed through the case study method which was within the context of qualitative research models. In the study, life sciences course books which were selected through convenience sampling, approved by the Board of Instruction and Education of the Ministry of National Education of Turkey and used in the first, second and third years of primary schools in the school year of 2018-2019 were examined. As per results obtained from research findings, it was found that the competency of ‘Communication in Foreign Languages’ and ‘Digital Competency’ were insufficiently referred to in course books. On the basis of research findings, recommendations intended for designers, teachers and researchers of instruction programs of life sciences course were presented.