Journal of Curriculum and Teaching

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN : 1927-2677 / 1927-2685
Current Publisher: Sciedu Press (10.5430)
Total articles ≅ 233
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Latest articles in this journal

Mohammed Elmetwali Mohammed Amer
Published: 25 September 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n4p1

Abstract:
The present study aimed to explore the impact of distance education on the learning outcome of students in computer skills course in Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University in Al-Sulail, Saudi Arabia. In this study, the learning outcome is represented in the students’ academic achievement. The researcher adopted an experimental approach. He selected a sample consisting from 80 male students from 4 sections of a computer skills course. Those students were divided equally into control and experimental groups. The members of the control group were taught through adopting a face-to-face instructional approach. They attended 4 face-to-face lectures. The members of the experimental group were taught online through using the Blackboard system. The researcher used a pre-test and a post-test for assessing students’ academic achievement. SPSS program was used. It was found that both groups share similar levels of computer literacy. It was found that distance education has a significant positive impact on students’ academic achievement in the computer skills course. The researcher recommends adding online instructional activities to the curricula used in Saudi universities.
Laurie A Kimbrel
Published: 22 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p172

Abstract:
Instructors of online courses face unique challenges to ensure student interaction with course material. Sometimes, even the most exciting content is insufficient in an attempt to engage students. Online, asynchronous discussions offer promise as a means to increase student-to-student and student-to-content interaction and, ultimately, student satisfaction with online courses. The modification of structured discussion protocols designed for use in face to face environments offers instructors of online courses an efficient method of adding purpose and structure to asynchronous discussions. This research employed a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent group design to examine students' perception of asynchronous discussion before and after applying a structured discussion protocol that included a clear statement of purpose, directions for participation, and a grading rubric. Results from the data analysis indicated that student perception of online asynchronous discussions improved when a structure was added. Results also showed a lower level of dissatisfaction when discussions were structured.
Sevgi Yüksel, Ahu Taneri
Published: 22 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p190

Abstract:
This study aims to analyze to what extent the competency of ‘Communication in Foreign Languages’ and ‘Digital Competency’ which are addressed in Turkish Qualifications Framework and instruction programs in Turkey are covered by life sciences course books. The research was performed through the case study method which was within the context of qualitative research models. In the study, life sciences course books which were selected through convenience sampling, approved by the Board of Instruction and Education of the Ministry of National Education of Turkey and used in the first, second and third years of primary schools in the school year of 2018-2019 were examined. As per results obtained from research findings, it was found that the competency of ‘Communication in Foreign Languages’ and ‘Digital Competency’ were insufficiently referred to in course books. On the basis of research findings, recommendations intended for designers, teachers and researchers of instruction programs of life sciences course were presented.
Bobbette M Morgan, Alma D. Rodriquez, Irma Jones, James Telese, Sandra Musanti
Published: 22 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p182

Abstract:
This study contributes to the literature on first year teachers by identifying complexities and struggles of becoming a teacher and the implications of district-university partnerships to strengthen our educator preparation program. The importance of partnerships with stakeholders, memorandum of agreements to share data, observations of first year teachers by university faculty, employer surveys, and the first year teacher’s perspectives about how well our university prepared them, as well as how they compare with other first year teachers nationally is addressed. Multiple sources of data were used to provide information about completers, individuals that graduated from the educator preparation program. These include state reports, national trends, and review of survey results next to universities across the United States involved in teacher preparation. Graduates of our teacher preparation program have a 93% retention rate after five years of teaching. The national average is 50% after five years.
Gregory P. Samsa
Published: 20 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p107

Abstract:
Objective: In a Statistical Analysis System (SAS) coding interview, job applicants are typically presented with data management and data analysis problems and asked to solve them using the programming language of SAS. Interviewers not only assess technical competence, but also algorithm design and more generally how applicants approach computer programming. In the language of constructivism, the problems are designed to assess the depth and soundness of the applicant’s mental model of SAS programming. We asked whether a SAS course, embedded within a Master of Biostatistics program, could reasonably be structured using a coding interview for the final examination as its organizing framework. Methods: This is a case study, where we describe how our content delivery was structured in order to prepare students for their coding interviews. It additionally relies on the metaphor of learning a second language through immersion. Results: Using a constructivist approach enhanced with active learning exercises, a course could in fact be designed around a coding interview. Course content can be mapped to the metaphor of foreign language immersion. Student response has been positive, and the formative evaluation has been encouraging to date. Conclusions: Coding interviews are a novel and potentially promising way to design a course in SAS programming.
May Alashwal
Published: 20 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p141

Abstract:
This research examined curriculum development in an academic program with respect to graduate education-level methods of teaching. Numerous studies have suggested that educational curricula should be redeveloped based on Web 2.0 technologies. The purpose of this research is to analyze student perspectives regarding curriculum development based on their online and face-to-face learning experiences in a Saudi Arabian university. This research surveyed 95 graduate students in a Saudi university to examine their perceptions of curriculum development based on online and face-to-face learning. The research objective was to determine students’ opinions regarding the performance and challenges of the developed curriculum. The research design in this study was based on a qualitative analysis study of an online survey. The survey data were analyzed and showed a consensus in favor of online learning courses. The results show that online students highlighted the flexibility, accessibility, and balance of time management in their personal and professional life during the course yet the face-to-face students emphasized that their main reason for enrolling in face-to-face classes involved having better class interaction with peers and faculties.
Erin F Klash, Kate D Simmons
Published: 20 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p149

Abstract:
Providing effective feedback is a skill preservice teachers develop through practice. According to Hattie (2012), feedback is essential in the learning process, is prevalent in effective teaching, and its purpose is to help students determine current level of performance, so adjustments can be made to enhance performance to desired level. This qualitative case study was developed to provide 16, K-12 preservice teacher candidates with an opportunity to practice providing feedback in a virtual live environment. Candidates participated in (e.g. interacted with avatar, observed interaction, and/or critiqued interaction) a 60-minute simulation to practice feedback, then completed oral reflection and a written reflective survey (questionnaire) consisting of rating scales and corresponding written response items. Qualitative data collected was coded and analyzed for themes, while quantitative data explored central tendencies, and variations for each survey indicator. Results indicate live simulated sessions in the Virtual Avatar Lab (VAL) were beneficial in developing feedback skills. Teacher candidates reported favorable perceptions with respect to preparation to facilitate feedback conversations, in most cases felt the student avatars were authentic, and felt better prepared to help their future students take ownership of their own areas of strength and room for growth.
Mustafa Said Kiymaz, Ibrahim Doyumğaç
Published: 20 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p88

Abstract:
The present study aims to determine the views of primary school teachers and Turkish language teachers on teacher guidebooks in Turkey. The mixed research method and “convergent parallel design” were used in the study. The quantitative study group of the study included 163 primary school teachers (1st-4th grades) and 163 Turkish language teachers (5th-8th grades) in Turkey, while the qualitative study group included 6 primary school teachers (1st-4th grades) and 6 Turkish language teachers (5th-8th grades). The study population included primary school and Turkish language teachers in Turkey. The 23-item survey included the measures of main trands (such as mode, median, average), while the qualitative data were based on the transcripts of teacher feedback audio recordings. Determination Validity Ratio was calculated based on the validity and reliability tests conducted on the survey tool. During the analysis, the SPSS 21.0 software was used. The qualitative data were analyzed with content analysis. Furthermore, averages, percentages, and frequencies were calculated for a section of qualitative data. In the validity and reliability tests for the qualitative data, the views expressed in audio recordings were analyzed several times by 3 field experts using content analysis, and they were categorized as sub-topics.
Güler Tuluk
Published: 20 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p161

Abstract:
This questions the prevailing approach in the presentation of the concept of slope in teaching undergraduate in Turkey. For this purpose, five mathematics textbooks, were analyzed for problems related to slope, and similarities and differences were revealed. First, the subjects related to the slope in the textbooks were categorized and examined within the context in which they were handled. Therefore, this study is a qualitative study that adopts the interpretive paradigm. These categories are discussed in the form of connectivity, exploration, and purpose using the study for the context (Rezat, 2006). Stump (1999; 2001b) and Moore-Russo et al. (2011) studies were used for cognitive development. These are determined as geometric ratio, behavioral indicator, property determiner, algebraic ratio, parametric coefficient, functional property, linear constant, real life, physical property and trigonometry. Representations of the process skills were chosen as algebraic expressions, tables, and graphics. The concept is discussed in the form of calculus. In the use of technology (Akkoyunlu, 2002; Schware & Jaramillo, 1998), BCS, Scientific and Graphing Calculators, Internet are arranged. Definition, justification, and explanation for performance are arranged. When textbooks are compared, Turkey's textbooks contains more algebraic expressions, the use of the grounds and explanations and real-life connection, contains applications that use more formulas, the description is to use less highlighted is technology, other math they do not explicitly state their links with the subject areas. In general, it was seen that translated textbooks were mostly related to real life, equipped with explanations and justifications requiring cognitive competencies, and proceeded harmoniously between the subject area's main ideas and related ideas. These books use multi-step solved problems. Turkish textbooks need to be reviewed in terms of their functional areas in terms of context, cognitive need, representations, technology, and performance.
Ozge Karabuz, Feral Ogan-Bekiroglu
Published: 18 August 2020
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, Volume 9; doi:10.5430/jct.v9n3p57

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