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Results in Journal DAVID AGHMASHENEBELI UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL „SPECTRI“: 23

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Mindia Iobashvili, Irma Jikia, Tamar Gogia, Lali Bekauri, Maka Jorbenadze, Marina Failodze
Published: 21 June 2022
Abstract:
Leiomyoma is known to be a benign tumor of unknown etiology of the uterus. It is most common in women of reproductive age with a cumulative frequency of 5.4% to 77.0%, and 80.0% of them suffer from this problem throughout their lives. However, some authors question the binding role of estrogen-progesterone in the growth of leiomyoma. However, due to the ineffectiveness of conservative treatment of leiomyoma, surgical intervention is still an effective method of curing the patient. There are no means of complete regression and prevention of this pathology. The aim of our study was retrospective analysis of operative material of patients of reproductive period with leukemia of the uterine body. Patients in both groups were divided into 40-year-olds and 41-50-year-olds according to age. The obtained results were processed using SPSS-21 software package of mathematical statistics. Pearson x2 criterion was used to test the reliability.Comparison of retrospective analysis of archival material revealed:
Davit Kbiladze, Tamar Chiradze, Tamar Kbiladze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
With the purposeful actions of the UN and the participation of the governments of its member states, certain activities are underway in Georgia to fulfill the so-called 17 Sustainable Development Tasks. Government agencies, business representatives, scientists and representatives of various fields are involved in the performance of these tasks. Achieving the above ambitious goals means eradicating world poverty by 2030, tackling social inequality, and preventing environmental catastrophe.At the request of the heads of state, the UN Secretary-General set up a commission of 15 scientists and government agencies from around the world to develop a report on the ongoing transformation for sustainable development. What do scientists dislike about achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 That to date no country is ready to ensure the desired balance between human well-being and a healthy ecological environment.The authors of the present article tried to present their visions of how science, and in particular university education, can contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals in Georgia.
Vakhtang Nadiradze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The article discusses the reform of the internal financial control system for the efficient and targeted expenditure of budget funds in the public sector. There are reviewed the international normative acts and regulatory norms of internal audit in the public sector, and practices of EU countries in terms of introduction of internal control system. There are analyzed the shortcomings of the introduction of the internal financial control system in Georgia and proposed the measures of problem elimination that ensure quality-oriented decision-making.
Nargiza Kankia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The article is about documentaries about Georgia made by foreigners. It discusses films created on different topics. This thesis focuses on a BBC film that analyzes the Russian-Georgian conflict, in particular the August 2008 war. This film with various interviews, videos and photographs makes the facts described in it convincing.An interesting number of films may include films that relate to people's daily lives, and such an article is considered to be the French documentary "Georgia, Chiatura", which reflects the work, problems and traditions of the population of this city.This article also focuses on foreign films in which facts and events are not thoroughly explored and to some extent even biased.
Maka Dolidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
In the 21st century, Georgia and Ukraine are in danger of apocalypse. Russia has tried to bring these countries under its influence once again. Georgia and Ukraine are in front of catastrophe.By spreading misinformation, Russia tried to convince the people of Russia and Georgia, as well as the international community, that Georgia started the war on August 8, 2008 on ethnic grounds and that Russia was constrained to enter Georgia to "establish peace" to "protect" the population. And in 2014, Russia was "obliged to protect the people of the Crimea and Sevastopol," and the facts of 2022 are related to the protection of Russia from those who "being Ukraine hostage" and tried to use it against Russia.Both Georgian and foreign media drew parallels between Georgia and Ukraine. According to their observations, there were many similarities between the events in Georgia in 2008, and between the facts in Ukraine in 2022, the publicists talked about the relationship of the West in this war. On the severity of Russia, which called the full-scale war a "special military operation." But, actually, Russia was trying to make an efforts its influence and importance both in Georgia and Ukraine, it was an unprecedented severe military aggression that could be called genocide.The Russian propaganda media tried to persuade the public that Russia was not killing peaceful populations in Ukraine. It was spreading that videos and photos that were from past conflicts. Some of them were created to spread misinformation and propaganda. The Russian propaganda media lights up the facts in a biased manner. Propaganda was an inseperable part of the media. The aim of the propaganda was for the government to justify itself and gain public support.
Maya Tungia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The scientific and technological revolution that took place at the beginning of the 21st century led to cardinal changes in the field of media. Under the conditions of the transformed media landscape and, most importantly, taking into account a fairly short period of time, it was difficult for media researchers to adequately assess certain processes and events, and they also had to revise already established terms in the light of the new digital reality.As for the media education movement, in terms of terminology, chaos has reigned here for almost four decades. We mean the fact that the question of a single name for this very important area remains open to this day. To this day, there is controversy among media researchers on this issue. However, the problem is not just in different names, but in a different approach to relatively recognizable terms.
Ketevan Arabidze, Irakli Gogokhia, Nodar Lebanidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Perry and postoperative pain management remain an acute problem to this day. The intensity of pain depends on various objective and subjective factors, on the individual characteristics of the patient. The course and severity of acute postoperative pain determine the likelihood of developing chronic postoperative pain.Then. Multimodal analgesia is the effect on the peripheral and / or central nervous system, acting on drugs and techniques with different mechanisms of action (including non-pharmacological techniques), with synergistic and additive effects that can achieve higher quality analgesia than using these methods alone. Use low-dose medications to avoid dose-dependent side effects. Fractionation of analgesics at all stages of the perioperative period.Postoperative pain prevention should begin as soon as surgical treatment is planned. The multidisciplinary team of physicians, based on the conclusion made after assessing the patient's condition and risk factors, develops a perioperative plan for pain relief. Multimodal analgesia is unequivocally a priority and most effective in the world literature today.
Nestan Bostoganashvili, Rusudan Kvanchakhadze, Eka Tatarashvili, Irma Tskhovrebadze, Nana Tskhovrebadze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The balance of intestinal microbiome is very important for a healthy human body, especially for the immune and endocrine systems. In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to changes in the intestinal microbiome in the pathogenesis of various endocrine diseases, including thyroid disease. Along with the main treatments, the selected probiotics can play an important role in the treatment of thyroid pathologies. A probiotic is a non-pathogenic living organism, the adequate dose of which provides significant benefits to the host organism. It has the ability to restore intestinal permeability by improving mucosal function and increase intestinal motility. A very good example of such probiotic is "UltraBiotique"- Probiotic presented by French Company "Vitarmonil", having high quality and experience and has been well established on the Georgian market.
Khvicha Begiashvili
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
For the scientific article: Problematics related to the terms of undercover investigative activities and notification on undercover investigative activities of a criminal case, according to the Criminal Procedure Code of Georgia. From October 1, 2010, Georgia has a new Criminal Procedure Code, which as per recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, ensured simplification and acceleration of an investigation. Regardless of the mentioned, the Criminal Procedure Code still contains the problematic issues, which are not unequivocally defined by the law and hinder the simplification of an investigation and procrastinate an investigation in some cases due to establishment of the unfounded artificial legislative barriers or faulty practice. The article examines the problematic issues arising in practice related to the terms of undercover investigative activities and notification on conducting undercover investigative activities; the advantages and disadvantages of the regulatory procedural norms of the mentioned issue and their settlement; the role of undercover investigative activities in acceleration and simplification of judicial procedure.The content of the article reveals the experience of foreign countries and former procedural rules of Georgia on the issues to be discussed and international recommendations. The mentioned article will hopefully arouse the interest of both practitioners working on criminal cases and scientists of the criminal field.In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that all procurators and investigators of Georgia almost every day face the problem discussed in the article in their daily activities. Consequently, scientific analysis of the issue and sound settlement of the raised problems will hopefully lead to the necessary legislative changes, which will assist the satisfaction of requirements of a timely, thorough and successful investigation of criminal cases.
Tamar Sadradze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Article 83 of the Criminal Procedure Code of Georgia regulates the exchange of evidence obtained by the parties. The article discusses the legislative regulation relating to the first part of Article 83 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and talks about the legally misunderstood content associated with it. Changes are proposed to legally correctly formulate the content of Article 83 1 1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, revising the practice of exchanging information about possible evidence in accordance with the rules established before the pre-trial hearing. With regard to the exchange of information on possible evidence, I mean the wrong practice, in particular, the issue of including the testimony of witnesses of the opposing party in its list of evidence. The form of the request for the transfer of evidence and its practical implications are also discussed.
Tea Chanturia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The topic of our discussion today is the development of audiovisual culture and its technological advances in order to analyze audiovisual creativity, its specifics, types, genres, screen types, capabilities, mission, functions, Interaction with the public, scale of power, transformation. It is necessary to consider the genesis of audiovisual culture and the laws of its technological development.From our research we can conclude that the screen is the face of the universe, shaping its own culture, creating new ideas about life events, interpreting and correcting them according to place and time, as a kind of productive phenomenon. It is a kind of medium between reality and virtual reality, which can travel us from the real world to the virtual and at the same time, always control the pulse of current social processes. Human existence in the modern environment depends on the screen. A wide range of applications defined the vector of the formation of new social reality, the virtualization of social life and the creation of preconditions for human global issues.As for technology, there is no area of ​​individual and social life in which technology does not play a significant role: in the workplace, at home, in cultural life, in learning, in games and sports, in tourism, in healthcare, in scientific research, and so on. Man lives in a specially structured technical environment that creates a relatively independent "Third World" next to the interpersonal world and the natural environment. Audiovisual technology ultimately represents the development of human productive forces and is part of human cultural development.
Ketevan Nanobashvili, Nika Kvlividze, Giorgi Kakashvili
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The article discusses the information-analytical system supporting marketing decisions, which has paramount importance in marketing management. It represents a key facilitator in various marketing management processes. The paper proposes the main components of a marketing information system (MIS): an intelligent system of marketing decision or recommendation rules consisting of eccentric components, mathematical criteria, quality and priority criteria; request input/output system, which ensures that data received from the MIS is presented in the form required by the decision-maker (DM). The decision-maker, in addition to the complex marketing task of being responsible for making an effective economic decision, also adds to the burden of being able to evaluate the consequences that may result from the decision.
Ia Kharazi, Ani Damenia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
This article reviews the understanding of civil law relations according to German civil law, its elements and the opinions of individual scientists. The significance of the categories of legal requirements in Civil law relations are specified in accordance with the German law. In particular, like the science of German law, there are absolute (common actions) and relative legal relations in Georgian jurisprudence. Both in Germany and in Georgia, first of all, material legal relations are attributed to absolute legal relations. In particular, the field of universal rights of the person (Personlichkeitsrechte), the field of personal family rights (personlichefamilienrechte), the immaterial properties (Immaterialguterrechte), the right of possession of ownerless thing (aneigungsrech), the law of property rights (Rechte an dinglichen Rechte) and so on. Claim rights (Forderungsrechte), constitutional rights (Gestaltungsrechte) and "Dispute" against legal relations (einredengegenanspruche) are attributed to Relative. The "rights of expectation" (Anwartschaftsrechte) and the "right to a right" are relative rights that are directed towards acquisition. In other cases, these rights give rise to absolute legal relations. Separation of absolute and relative legal relations is important for choosing the proper protection of the legal scheme, etc.
Elguja Ardia, Tamaz Gvenetadze, Teimuraz Gorgodze
Published: 15 May 2022
Abstract:
Inguinal hernias are highly prevalent in human population with 27-43% of males and 3-6% of females being affected. It accounts for 80% of all abdominal hernias. Hernioplasty is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Nowadays, tension-free hernioplasty is actively being used. Lichtenstein method of inguinal hernia treatment is the most commonly addressed technique worldwide. Prosthetic mesh hernioplasty has brought on adverse events like obstruction of vas deferens, obstructive azoospermia, oligospermia and development of infertility in male population. Lately, because of this reason, isolation methods of inguinal hernia treatment are becoming the preferred approach. It considers the total isolation of spermatic cord from the prosthetic mesh. The result is a decreased risk of male reproductive system complications as well as prevention of the relapse of the hernia itself, as the abovementioned technique provides the formation of three-layered posterior wall of the inguinal canal.
Lali Gujejiani
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The aim of the study was to determine the prognostic value of the initial troponin level in terms of hospital mortality during STEM.Materials and Methods: The study was based on the clinical data of 603 patients hospitalized with ST-elevation MM diagnosed in 2009-2010 at Adapti Angiocardiology Clinic Ltd.Sensitivity and specificity of the test, predictive value and diagnostic accuracy were determined, troponin threshold for mortality was predicted. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 23 software package.
Maia Svanidze, Natia Svanidze, Pati Gabunia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The relationship between ground-level ozone levels and the manifestations of some infectious diseases in Tbilisi was studied. Feedback was found between stratospheric ozone levels and acute sinusitis, epiglottitis and croup. Among some diseases in Tbilisi in 2015, 2017 and 2018. The issue is urgent and is still being studied.
Tinatin Doliashvili, Khvicha Gogia, Monika Lataria
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused the unprecedented damage to the aviation industry. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, the issue of air traffic restrictions was put on the agenda, which led to the sudden cancellation of tens of thousands of flights around the world and made travelling difficult for passengers. At the same time, aviation turned out to be an area that played a crucial role in the effective management of the epidemic and from the very beginning it was actively involved in the preventive measures against the spread of the disease. According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), during this period, the passenger air transportation worldwide was decreased with about 60%. The unfavorable forecasts were also foreseen regarding the process of restoring air traffic. According to the most optimistic scenario of the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL), the European region will approach the air traffic figures of 2019 only by 2023, and will surpass in 2024. The mentioned was possible if the vaccine would be released into the world on time - by 2021. Under the same scenario, Georgia will return to the indicators of 2019 in 2022, and will be able to improve the indicators of 2019 by 2023. However, if the vaccine turns out to be ineffective, both Georgia and the European region will not be able to return to the air traffic figures of 2019 in 2024.
Miranda Gurgenidze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia Sakpatenti is a governmental agency – a legal entity of public law. In accordance with the Georgian legislation, Sakpatenti determines the policy in the field of intellectual property.A major tool for protection of intellectual property rights outside Georgia is the full integration of the country into the global IP systems, which became a priority policy direction for Sakpatenti. At present Georgia is a member of all main conventions and agreements on intellectual property protection and is a party to a number of bilateral international treaties.The scientific article consists of an introduction, a main part and a conclusion. The introduction presents the urgency of the legal problem. The main part discusses the issues of European patent validation, which should be implemented in the Patent Law of Georgia. Under the Validation Agreement, applicants will be able to validate their European patent applications and patents granted by the European Patent Office in Georgia, even though Georgia is not a contracting state to the European Patent Convention. European applications and patents validated in Georgia will have the same legal effect here as Georgian applications and patents. Along with this, legal actions will be regulated by the Georgian legislation.The European Patent Organisation (EPO) is a second largest organization in Europe rendering public services. EPO carries out examination of applications to obtain patents for inventions and grants European patents, its activities are directed tofacilitate development of innovations, competitiveness and economic growth in Europe, which is ensured by means of offering high level services according to the European Patent Convention. At present the European Patent Organisation (EPO) unites 38 countries, including all the 28 member states of the European Union and, in addition, some countries that are not the EU member states.
Maia Ispireli
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin. Its development is multifactorial and is the result of interactions between genetic, immunological and environmental causes. It is mainly manifested in children, infants, and adults. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in adults is poorly studied and generally amounts to 5-8%, and there are a number of scientific studies on the prevalence of this disease in military personnel, according to which atopic dermatitis is the third most common disease in military personnel after acne and dermatophytosis. Atopic dermatitis is characterized by skin rashes, itching, sleep disturbances, often requires a specific diet, which has a great impact on the quality of life of the patient and dramatically reduces the ability to work. Many scientific papers have been devoted to the study of the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. The ongoing immunological processes in atopic dermatitis are quite well studied, although treatment of the disease is not always effective, especially in the presence of attached skin infections.
Tamar Sultanishvili, Ramaz Khetsuriani, Manana Arabuli, Mzia Tsiklauri, Shalva Petriashvili
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
Objective: Deterioration of health in the process of studying at university can be caused by many factors: The aim of our research is to examine the self-assessment of student health in Georgian students. Materials and methods: 766 students from Georgian universities were interviewed, a one-point, cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire compiled by us, the validity of which was determined in previous studies - using Krombach alpha. The following groups of factors were studied: academic achievement, extra work, sports activity, diet type and regimen, sleep hygiene, skills, doctor referral. Universities and students were selected through randomization. The relative chance of morbidity was determined through regression analysis. Results: Among the diseases detected during the student period with the highest frequency are: pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract - 99 (12.92%); Cardiovascular diseases - 39 (5.09%); Nervous system disorders - 106 (13.84%); Hypovitaminosis - 32 (4.18%); Diseases of the nervous system; Visual impairment - 22 (2.87%).Drug use increases the relative chance of neurological diseases during the student period - OR = 10.22 (95% CI: 2.74-38.10); Remuneration work - OR = 1.64 (95% CI: 1.05-2.55); Insomnia - OR = 1.92 (95% CI: 1.23-2.99); Doctor referral - no OR = 1.98 (95% CI: 1.08-3.64); Decreases - family, living with parents - OR = 0.15 (95% CI: 0.03-0.79); Hypodynamics - OR = 4.58 (95% CI: 1.99-10.54); Alcohol - OR = 4.64 (95% CI: 2.23-9.68); Living Alone - OR = 3.05 (95% CI: 1.48-6.29); Excess food intake - OR = 4.03 (95% CI: 1.68-9.70). Increases the chance of relative vision impairment: night training - OR = 10.79 (95% CI: 2.54-45.77); Hypodynamics - OR = 8.36 (95% CI: 2.15-32.44); Marijuana Consumption - OR = 11.62 (95% CI: 2.34-57.59); Single mother - OR = 68.18 (95% CI: 14.81-313.74); Intermittent sleep - OR = 5.22 (95% CI: 1.49-18.35): Daytime exercise - OR = 0.18 (95% CI: 0.05-0.73); Drowsiness - OR = 0.07 (95% CI: 0.02-0.31); Living Alone - OR = 3.49 (95% CI: 1.13-10.78). Increases the relative chance of developing hypotaminosis: Unpaid work - OR = 2.88 (95% CI: 1.22-6.76); Intermittent sleep - OR = 3.24 (95% CI: 1.58-6.67); Fast food - OR = 2.05 (95% CI: 0.99-4.21) Conclusion: The development of diseases during studenthood is determined by bad habits, poor sleep, diet and exercise regimes. Socio-economic status of the family.
Ketevan Gotsiridze, Maia Kakauridze, Tamar Tupinashvili, Iamze Taboridze
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The impact of physical and athletic activity (PSA) on idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is still unclear. In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adult idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).
Ioseb Khutsishvili
Published: 15 May 2022
Abstract:
The Criminal Procedure Code of Georgia does not prohibit repeated use of diversion against an adult. We consider that the mentioned issue presents legislative gap. It is inadmissible for an adult defendant to have more advantage in using an alternative measure of punishment than a juvenile defendant. According to the Juvenile Justice Code, if a person has been diverted in the past, it is not possible to divert him or her again. The article discusses the above issues and proposes a package of legislative changes which we believe will contribute to the improvement and liberalization of legislation in this regard.
Sopo Chkopoia
Published: 15 June 2022
Abstract:
The principle of separation of powers still dates back to the Roman Empire, and then the idea was re-conceived and revised by John Locke and Charles Louis Montesquieu, which helped popularize the idea. Locke gave us his views on the necessity and importance of separation of powers in The Second Treatise on Civil Government (1690), which Montesquieu considered in the following works: The Persian Letters, The Spirit of Law, and the Causes of the Rise and Fall of Rome. “.The distribution of power in democracies is mainly based on two principles, vertically and horizontally. Vertical refers to central, regional, municipal, and district governments, while horizontal refers to legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.Proper and effective governance is possible only in a democratic society, which also helps to increase public confidence in the system of government and increases the legitimacy of the government (citizens do not have problems with public relations). It should also be noted that the decentralization of the country itself contributed to the redistribution of power, which meant a reduction of influence and legitimate power by individual political forces. The goal of local self-government is to improve the decentralization process and achieve better governance at the local level.
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