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Results in Journal International Journal Of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (IJHESS): 152

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Raees Narhan
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.190

Abstract:
This research focuses on the Austronesian or Polynesian Malay language family, which includes the languages of Acehnese, Minangkabau, and Gayo respectively. The fact that there are similarities in form and meaning, which are a reflection of the same historical legacy, is the basis for the hypothesis that the three languages are related to one another. This hypothesis is based on the fact that there are similarities. In this study, linguistic grouping methods and lexicostatistical approaches were utilized in order to investigate the kinship relationship that exists between the Acehnese language, the Minangkabau language, and the Gayo language. In the first level, Morris Swades selects 200 essential words for the fundamental vocabularyThe referential method was used in order to provide this facts, and the technique that was utilized was the note-taking technique. The second step is to establish which duos of the three languages speak a cognate language. Third, compute the amount of time that has passed between each of the three languages. In the fourth step, you will calculate the error period in order to obtain a more accurate separation time. According to the findings, the Acehnese, Minangkabau, and Gayo languages were all classified as belonging to the same family of languages. It is estimated that 57 percent of Acehnese and Gayo speakers are related linguistically, whereas the percentages for Minangkabau and Gayo are 39 percent and 29.5 percent of Minangkabau Language  and Acehnese.
Prima Sholihatun, Dwi Widayati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.191

Abstract:
This study aims to reveal a relationship between Gayo and Malay which can be seen from the similarity of vocabulary. The method used is descriptive qualitative and quantitative. The data is in the form of vocabulary from Malay and Gayo language which has 6% similarity. This data can be proven not to have a close relationship because the core vocabulary is less than 36% or part of the sub grouping. This research also uses qualitative and quantitative methods. Mahsun (2005) states that qualitative is a way of grouping derived languages into a group that is closer to their relationship, and then using lexicostatistical techniques to analyze the data that has been collected..
Ayu Mustika Sari, Abdulah, Wiwik Maladerita, Azwar Ananda, Rusdinal, Nurhizrah Gistituati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.188

Abstract:
In the study of theory and literacy described, it can be seen about the education system in Finland, namely the following reasons: 1. The education system in Finland is flexible, making it easier for all components of education to develop teaching methods and techniques. And encourage students to be more flexible in understanding knowledge. 2. Comprehensive education for all. Financial education assistance by the government and free of charge in learning to answer the problems of people who need education as a way to improve their standard of living. 3. Inclusion-based education. Students with special needs continue to receive the same education and the same assistance from the government as well as the components of education. 4. A job as an educator who is highly valued and has a good selection makes teaching performance considered good. 5. Famous for the results of research conducted by many students and other components, making knowledge always developing.
Dwi Andila Eka Saputri
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.199

Abstract:
The Covid 19 pandemic has changed the way people live, including in the field of education. To avoid overtime, the Minister of Education and Culture has issued a policy regarding the online teaching and learning process. This study aims to determine students' perception of online learning during the Covid19 pandemic. This study uses  qualitative method with phenomenological type. The  respondents to this study were 9 students from the Economic Education research program at the University of  Negeri Malang  who participated in e-learning during the Covid19 pandemic. The selection of research subjects by purposeful sampling method. The techniques that will be used to collect data  in this study include three techniques, namely: observation technique, interview technique and documentation technique. The data analysis technique in this study includes data analysis steps that include: data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion or verification. Then, to check the validity of the data, the researchers used the triangulation method. The results show that the implementation of e-learning in lectures is less effective,  students prefer to study offline  in face-to-face classes than e-learning. The Internet, solutions such as the use of fun and soothing learning materials, and the impact of  positive and negative impacts perceived by students.
Zahratul Azizah, Sri Mariya, Nurhizrah Gistituati, Rusdinal, Azwar Ananda
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.193

Abstract:
The teacher is a profession that has an important role in realizing quality education, especially in the learning process in formal schools. For this reason, there needs to be a selection carried out in selecting prospective teachers and also a coaching process so that the teaching profession contributes to success in the world of education. This study provides an overview of the differences of teacher recruitment and development in Indonesia and England. The method used in this study is a literature study obtained from various writings in journals and books. The results obtained in this study indicate several comparison: 1) there are two types of teacher recrutment in Indonesia, namely selection of civil servant teachers in public schools conducted by the government under the auspices of the Ministry of Education and Culture, and selection carried out by foundations to become honorary teachers or part-time teachers at private schools with the provisions and rules made by the school itself. While in England, the selection is carried out by each school that will accept prospective teachers with the terms and conditions that have been determined and apply to public schools and private schools; 2) Development of teachers in Indonesia is carried out after qualifying to become teachers (both civil servants and non-civil servants) which is provided by the government or private sector, while in England, coaching is carried out before and after becoming a teacher which is the responsibility of each school.
Zainal Arifin, Tjetjep Yusuf Afandi, Elis Irmayanti
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.196

Abstract:
The quality of learning is something that needs to be improved continuously. The implementation and achievement of an optimal learning process is use to gain the achievement of the expected learning objectives so learning activities can run effectively. With the application of the group investigation learning model, it is expected to be able to improve the quality of learning in the classroom since the group investigation method. By using this model, students are able to express themselves, improve critical thinking and other abilities that can support group learning or discussion. The main objective of this research was to improve the quality of learning through the application of the group investigation model to students. The research method used was classroom action research with two cycles of action. Furthermore, comparative data analysis was also used to compare learning in each cycle. The result of this research was an improvement in the learning process carried out by students from cycle I to cycle II, especially in the aspects of the research objectives. There was an increase in the first cycle, the average value was 68.22% and the average value in the second cycle was 83.33% with the correlation level from the first cycle and the second cycle was 0.619 or 61.9%. And the level of significance known from the data Sig.(2-tailed) was 0.000 <0.05 showed there was a difference from cycle I to cycle II in improving the quality of learning by applying the group investigation model.
Dyatri Utami, Arina Absari
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.197

Abstract:
The aims of this research are 1). How is the implementation and application of the profit center responsibility accounting system at Lumba-Lumba. 2).Is the accountability accounting at Lumba-Lumba adequate. 3). How is the influence of responsibility accounting as a measure of the achievement of profit center managers. This research is classified as a case study, namely the type of research used to find out the problems that occur in the company objectively and analyze and solve problems using theories that are related to the topics discussed. The location chosen is LUMBA-LUMBA Turen Malang From the research results can draw conclusions as follows 1). The organizational structure at Lumba-Lumba is basically still simple and in certain parts there is still no clear separation of duties or duplication of duties. 2). In the preparation of the budget, it has not been recorded so that the budget cannot be used as a control tool in the event of deviations between the budget and its realization. 3). Classification of costs and the imposition of an account code that does not yet exist causes costs to not be classified into controllable costs and uncontrollable costs. 4). There is no manager's performance appraisal of work results. 5). The financial reporting system is still very simple.
Nisa Anggraini Batubara, Dwi Widayati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.189

Abstract:
English, German, and Dutch belong to the Indo-European language family and the Germanic language subgroup. So there is an assumption regarding the existence of kinship of these three languages, which  also could be seen in the fact that there are some similarities in the form and meaning. This makes the researchers analyze how the relationship between English, German, and Dutch is and how far the level of kinship of the three languages ​​is. This research is a quantitative research using qualitative descriptive method and lexicostatistical technique. Lexicostatistics is a technique in grouping languages ​​that tends to prioritize statistical observation of words (lexicon), and then tries to determine the grouping based on the percentage of similarities and differences between one language and another. By using 200 Swadesh’s basic vocabulary as an analytical material, 4 identical data and 102 similar data were found. The results of lexicostatistical calculations showed that the percentage of kinship of English (BI), German (BJ), and Dutch (BB) is 53%. From this calculation, it is determined that the linguistic status of these three languages is classified as languages ​​of the family.
Samrotussa’ Adah, Achmad Sanusi, Cahya Syaodih, Asep Ahmad Sukandar
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.203

Abstract:
The background of this research is the weakness of teacher learning management in fostering students' social skills which implies the low ability of students to build oral and written communication. The focus of the problem is how to improve teacher learning management so that the development of students' social skills is increased, especially in building student's oral and written communication optimally. The purpose of the study was to find out the management of teacher learning at MAN Tasikmalaya Regency in the form of policies for planning, organizing, implementing, monitoring, learning problems and solutions in fostering students' social skills. The approach used in this research is qualitative with descriptive method. Data obtained from interviews, observations and document studies. Data analysis uses individual case data analysis techniques and cross-case data analysis (cruss-cases analysis). Checking the validity of the data is carried out through member checks, and discussions with colleagues based on the findings obtained, Learning Management at MAN 1 Tasikmalaya Regency partially has similarities with both holding scientific learning and authentic assessment referring to the 2013 curriculum and Education System Law number 20 of 2003. Learning planning in fostering students' social skills is carried out at the beginning of each school year through madrasa work meetings with the agenda of compiling and establishing operational curricula, syllabus development, preparation of annual programs (Prota), semester programs (Prosem) , learning implementation plans (RPP), preparation of teaching materials by each subject teacher, and subject cluster teams, preparation of supervision or learning evaluation tools. Organizing learning in fostering students' social skills is carried out through mapping the duties of subject teachers and extracurricular coaches, scheduling, fulfilling workloads and additional teacher assignments. The implementation of learning in social skills development is carried out through scientific learning management where students as learning subjects can observe, ask questions, collect information, associate, communicate learning materials. Supervision of learning through authentic assessments during the learning process takes place to measure students' abilities in building question-and-answer communication, reasoning, making stories orally and in writing. The development of students' social skills is carried out through oral and written communication in the management of scientific learning and authentic assessment of intracurricular and extracurricular activities can run well, although there are still shortcomings and weaknesses. Problems that arise in learning management in fostering students' social skills are accommodated through follow-up plans (RTL) and solutions for preparation for improvement of learning activities in fostering students' social skills to achieve further goals on an ongoing basis.
Isa Kholili
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.202

Abstract:
The development of the business world in Indonesia, which is increasingly competitive, requires every company to be able to manage company management to be more professional. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sales turnover, sales costing, and customer payment systems partially and simultaneously on company profits at PT. King Asia Food. The sampling technique used in this study is a saturated sampling technique, all members of the population are used as samples. There are 30 respondents consisting of 20 sales people and 10 people in the office staff. This study uses a quantitative descriptive method while data processing uses the SPSS version 23 program. The results showed that the sales turnover variable and sales sales costing did not partially affect the company's profits, thus H0 was accepted and Ha was rejected, while for the customer payment system it partially affected the company's profits, thus H0 was rejected and Ha was accepted, will but the three variables simultaneously affect the company's profits, thus H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted.
Roy Moonti, Yusrianto Kadir, Marten Bunga, Yoslan K. Koni, Ramdhan Kasim
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.186

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is how the role of the police in overcoming the illegal mining of natural stone which has an impact on natural damage and community settlements and what factors hinder the police in overcoming the illegal mining of natural stone which has an impact on the natural damage of community settlements. The research method used is the type of research used is empirical normative legal research. Normative law research uses normative legal case studies in the form of legal products, while empirical legal research uses empirical legal case studies in the form of community behavior. The role of the police in overcoming the illegal mining of natural stone that has an impact on natural damage and community settlements in Gorontalo Regency is by conducting outreach to the daenaa village community, then carrying out prevention stages, and finally taking action step by step is not heeded and what factors The factors that hinder the police in overcoming the illegal mining of natural stone that has an impact on natural damage to the settlements of the people of Gorontalo Regency are economic factors, the perpetrators want to avoid the obligations that have been determined, the difficulty factor in obtaining an IUP (Mining Business Permit), the factor of the lack of socialization regarding laws and regulations. invitation and the factor of weak law enforcement.
Ari Suningsih, Dwi Juniati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.195

Abstract:
This study aims to look at the effect of independent learning on mathematics learning achievement, 2) the effect of critical thinking disposition on mathematics learning achievement, and 3) the effect of joint learning independence and critical thinking disposition on mathematics learning achievement during online lectures for the Analytical Geometry course. flat 4th semester students of Mathematics Education Study Program, FKIP UMPRI. This type of research is quantitative using an ex post facto approach. The research population amounted to 27 people. Data analysis technique using multiple linear regression. The findings of the research are: 1) There is an influence of independent learning on the achievement of 4th semester students of the Mathematics Education Study Program FKIP UMPRI in online lectures for the Basic Analytical Geometry course. 2) There is an influence of critical thinking disposition on the achievement of first semester students of Mathematics Education Study Program FKIP UMPRI in online lectures for the Field Analytical Geometry course. 3) There is an effect of learning independence and critical thinking disposition together on student achievement in online lectures for the Field Analytical Geometry course. From the results of R Square = 0.669 x 100% = 66.9% which shows that student achievement in online lectures is for the eye Field Analytical Geometry course can be explained by independent learning and critical thinking disposition of 66.9%.
Desy Lampita Rajagukguk, Dwi Widayati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.192

Abstract:
Batak language families such as Karo, Toba, Mandailing, Simalungun, and Angkola have dominant language users, especially Batak Karo and Batak Toba. In addition to the Batak language family, Nias language is also one of the languages ​​whose users are quite a lot in North Sumatra, eventhough it is not the area of ​​origin. Kinship Language is a comparative historical linguistic study. By using the quantitative method the kinship relations of the three languages ​​are calculated lexicostatistically. The indicator used to determine related words is a basic vocabulary called the Swadesh basic vocabulary, which consists of two hundred vocabularies. The first result was obtained, namely the Batak Karo language (BBK) and the Batak Toba language (BBT) have a kinship relationship, where from 200 words there are 121 words that have a kinship relationship, namely 37 identical related words and 84 shifting related words with the same meaning. The level of kinship between the Batak Toba language and the Batak Karo language is fairly high because the percentage is 60.5%. The year of separation occurred in 703 AD. The second is that the Batak Karo language and the Nias language (BN) have a kinship relationship. From 200 words there are 49 words that have kinship relations, namely 13 identical related words and 36 shifted related words with the same meaning. The level of kinship is relatively low because the percentage is 24.5%. The year of separation occurred in 1036 BC. The third is that Batak Toba language and Nias language have a kinship relationship, seen from 200 basic words, there are 50 words that have kinship relationships, namely 12 identical related words and 38 shifted related words with the same meaning. The level of kinship between the Batak Toba language and the Nias language is relatively low because the percentage is 25%. The year of separation occurred in 1022 AD
Rizky Febriani Pohan, Muhammad Rahman Rambe
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.194

Abstract:
Basic Engineering Mechanics is a science that plays an important role in civil engineering disciplines, especially in the construction sector. In studying Basic Engineering Mechanics, a Project Based Learning  model is needed that can help students to more easily apply it. This study aims to determine the increasing in learning outcomes of Basic Engineering Mechanics of Civil Engineering Study Program students through the application of Project Based Learning model. The type of research to be conducted is experimental research using the pretest-posttest control group design. The research subjects were students of the Civil Engineering Study Program, Graha Nusantara University, Padangsidimpuan for first semester in Academic Year 2021-2022, totaling 60 people. Research instrument in the form of pre-test and post-test. The data analysis technique used in this research is comparative descriptive analysis, while the increasing in student learning outcomes through the application of Project Based Learning (PjBL) model is calculated using g-factor (normalized gain score). Based on the research results obtained, it can be concluded that the Project Based Learning  model can increase the learning outcomes of Basic Engineering Mechanics for Civil Engineering Study Program students by 37.74%. While the conventional learning model can only increase the learning outcomes of Basic Engineering Mechanics for Civil Engineering Study Program students by 31.41%. So that the Project Based Learning model is more effectively used in Basic Engineering Mechanics courses than conventional learning model.
Rietha Lieke Lontoh
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.198

Abstract:
Its management and utilization must be in line with the constitutional mandate, namely that its management is intended for the greatest prosperity of the people. Attracting investors to invest in the regions is not an easy job because the regions are not the only players, but there are national and global factors that need to be taken into account, such as political stability, national security and resilience, the rule of law and the consistency of the regional autonomy program. Meanwhile, global factors, economic globalization and the opening of new markets are two things that business players in the region must immediately catch. The purpose of this research is to examine the investment law policy that is fair in the border area. The research method uses a normative juridical research method that is descriptive analytical. The results of the study The author argues that the influence of policy on investment activities in Indonesia is quite large, especially investment or investment which has an important role in the welfare of the community. The concept of a welfare state law must be a reflection of the state's responsibility in implementing state control which is the authority of the central government whose real goal is to maximize the welfare of the people, so that state authority by involving investors must be understood as a tool or facility to achieve that goal, so that the implementation of state control so far has not been abused and can prosper the people from the aspect of national resilience.
Wiwik Maladerita, Firnando Sabetra, Fris Okta Falma, Rusdinal, Nurhizrah Gistituati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.170

Abstract:
This  study  aims  to  describe  the principal leadership in efforts to increase the motivation of the the teachers.  This study examines the influence of the principal's role as a leader on the motivation of elementary school teachers in Tapan District. The research method used ex-post facto with a quantitative approach and a correlational design. The results of simple linear regression analysis for testing hypothesis 2 obtained a partial correlation coefficient of X variable of 0.504 and is positive; Sig (2-tailed) of 0.000 is less than 0.05. Thus, it can be concluded that there is a positive correlation between the role of the principal as a leader, and the work motivation of teachers.
Nuniek Ernaningrum
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.155

Abstract:
Modernization creates diversity in both culture and religion. This fact requires the ability to respond to it to maintain integrity or unity. The problem is more complicated when it comes to globalization, which results in the rejection of collective self-expression and fosters liberal individualism. This situation often triggers violence at the personal level (domestic violence) and the general level (religion-based violence). The consequence is that maintaining unity both at the private (domestic) and public levels is an urgency to find solutions. This study aims to find a philosophical unity formula and its tools. For this reason, this research will be divided into several topics: diversity from a sociological perspective, diversity in the Christian perspective, the concept of unity in the Christian perspective, and the set of the conception of unity in the Christian perspective. This study aims to obtain a philosophical formula for unity from a Christian perspective. This research is evaluative research, so the research method is carried out using type A Critical Mode of Inquiry through literature study. The findings of this study are that the philosophical conception of gender according to the Bible can be the answer to the creation of unity and the church is one of the stakeholders in implementing change.
Rusdiman AB, M.Joharis Lubis, Sukarman Purba, Sri Milfayetti
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.164

Abstract:
Key success something school very influenced by quality supervision education. Competence supervisor is wrong one factor enhancement quality education. Study this describe the strategy for increasing the competence of school supervisors at the Service Implementing Unit (UPTD)-II Education in Subdistrict Peudada Bireuen Regency. Study this use method descriptive with approach qualitative, technique collection data done through observation, interviews, and documentation. The research subject is the Head of UPTD, Coordinator Supervisor School, and Head of Division. Build Program. Results study show that: (1) Program enhancement competence supervisor school arranged by Head of Division. Build Program which implemented before teachings new month June until with month July with activity program including: determination of materials, methods, INSTRUMENTS, and stages for the supervisory recruitment activity plan schools, providing an understanding to supervisors regarding the procedures for implementing academic supervision and managerial, involving supervisors in training/upgrading, further education, competitions supervisor school achievers documented. (2) Implementation enhancement competence supervisor Schools that have been carried out, among others, carry out direct coaching in collaboration with the Department of Education and Culture Education and KORWASDA, select prospective school supervisors in accordance with applicable regulations applicable, involving supervisors in various training/upgrading activities and workshops. (3) Evaluation success enhancement competence supervisor school not yet own INSTRUMENT valid success. Assessment of program success is only carried out based on estimates very abstract. (4) Obstacles experienced in efforts to improve the competence of school supervisors include: other reasons are limited costs, limited human resources for trainers/instructors, and limited opportunities training / upgrading
I Made Juliarta, I Gede Nika Wirawan
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.168

Abstract:
The paper analyzes the form of the noun phrase and its translation shift found in the novel “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”. The shift in translation is used in a major concept in a sentence analysis found in data source. The concept of translation shift is used to know a unit on a different level used to make interesting structures. This study applied the theory proposed by Catford (1978) and Quirk et all (1985). The qualitative method is the research method used by the researcher. In the data of noun phrases, we can see noun as head in the source language. In translating from source language into target language, translation shift occurred in the translation process. This study focuses on syntactic structure and the translation analysis of the noun phrase. This study aims to: (i) identify the types of the noun phrase and its constituent structure found in the novel “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”, (ii) analyze the types of translation shifts of the noun phrase in the translation process found in the novel “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”. This study found that structure shift and unit shift were used by the translator in translating from source language into target language. The study found that there are 8 data of noun phrases formed by determiner, adjective, and noun and noun. There is a noun  phrase found in the data source that is formed by determiner and noun. In conclusion, the types of noun phrase found in the data source is formed by determiner, adjective, and noun.
Putri Setyawati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.187

Abstract:
The background of this research is the existence of a household that is formed to maximize needs, welfare and happiness. Making the best decisions in economic matters is one of the skills that every household must have. This study uses a qualitative approach to the type of phenomenology. The location of this research is in Tlemang Village, Ngimbang District, Lamongan Regency. The selection of informants carried out in the study was carried out by various criteria using the purposive sampling technique. The data collection technique was carried out by interview, observation, and documentation with the informants who met the research criteria. Based on this research, it can be concluded that poor farmer households in Tlemang Village are wise in their consumption. It can be said that consumption is wise because households are not consumptive and manage harvests well, including recording expenses, having a priority scale in consumption, and budgeting funds. Farmer households in Tlemang Village feel prosperous when they can wisely manage their crops to meet their daily needs.
Dinelti Fitria, Berry Devanda, Wienda Gusta, Nurhizrah Gistituati, Rusdinal, Azwar Ananda
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.162

Abstract:
This research aims to know the educational system of the Arab Republic of Egypt. The research method is literature review or literature study, which contains theories relevant to research problems. The result of the educational system of Egypt that the educational objectives are uphold democracy and the formation of democratic individuals. The authority is centralized, under the ministry of education and ministry of Al-Azhar. Curriculum preparation is carried out with teamwork consisting of experts, professors, consultants, and educational supervisors as well as experienced teachers. The government budgets 17% of the national budget. The educational structures are  1) basic education (ibtida'i), 2) secondary education/preparation (I'dadi), 3) upper secondary education (tsanawi), 4) higher education or university, and 5) elementary school level 6-11 years.  The academic year start from June to August.
Dinelti Fitria, Lufri, Ali Imran, Yuni Ahda
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.177

Abstract:
One method that can help students in the learning process is problem based learning. Problem based learning is one of the constructivist learning flow models that requires students to observe the reality contained in everyday life. The purpose of writing this paper is to dig deeper based on a literature study on the definition of problem based learning, characteristics of problem based learning, theoretical basis of problem based learning, steps of problem based learning, evaluation of problem based learning, advantages and disadvantages of problem based learning. From various written sources, it can be concluded that learning Problem Based Learning is obtained some basic values ​​that must be developed by the teacher in enlivening the learning atmosphere, here the teacher does not only act as the main subject in learning but on the other hand the teacher must involve students so that students' critical thinking skills can develop.
Alchonity Harika Fitri, Mega Iswari
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.180

Abstract:
This research was carried out with the aim of seeing how important counseling and guidance services are in special schools, especially for children with special needs. As well as seeing the main role of counseling guidance teachers to provide counseling guidance services to children with special needs.The main tasks of the guidance and counseling teacher are: organizer, informer, motivator, facilitator, evaluator, mediator, transmitter, initiator, and director. Looking at the task of the counseling guidance teacher, it can be seen that the counseling guidance teacher is able to provide services to students with special needs in special schools. Based on literature studies from journal reviews and articles, it is clear that students with special needs in special schools need counseling guidance teachers to help students face problems in the learning process, student interaction, socialization, as well as in dealing with any obstacles and obstacles faced. Teachers can interact with children with special needs according to different characteristics. Guidance and counseling teachers can act as intermediaries between parents and students with special needs, consulting on matters such as increasing students' motivation to study at home, as well as providing interesting home study tricks and strategies for students with special needs
Muhammad Adil, Mediaty, Haliah
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.167

Abstract:
This paper aims to look at research development trends and future directions regarding accountability and transparency. This paper is important because it can be a reference for researchers who want to research on accountability and transparency. This paper uses a critical review analysis method. The results show that research on accountability and transparency at this time is still filled with public services, village fund financial management, mosque financial management. According to the author, this kind of theme will continue to exist and develop according to the times. Research on the accountability of aid funds is interesting to study.
Candra Mustika, Haryadi, Junaidi, Zamzami
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.158

Abstract:
This research is a development of the theory of poverty, this study descriptively analyzes relative poverty and income distribution inequality and examines the causal relationship between relative poverty and income inequality in all provinces in Indonesia by using the Granger causality test analysis tool. Based on the results of the causality test, it shows that there is a unidirectional relationship between relative poverty and income distribution inequality, where it is the inequality of income distribution that causes relative poverty
Iskandar Muda Sipayung
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.169

Abstract:
This article tries to explain the rights of protection for people in detention centers. Many laws are made by the state. But practically, authorities in detention centers focus on the obligations and responsibilities of detainees rather than on their rights. So, this research group found some findings at its research site in Rutan, about unfair treatment, discrimination, rights violations, and other mistreatment.
Wiwik Maladerita, Vini Wela Septiana, Mega Iswari
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.165

Abstract:
This paper examines the students character development based on the 2013 curriculum in SDN 05 Alang Rambah.  This research is a type of qualitative research with the research subject of State Elementary School (SDN) 05 Alang Rambah. In this study, it can be concluded that how that the Reality of Character Education of Students Based on the 2013 Curriculum of State Elementary School (SDN) 05 Alang Rambah and teachers have used various strategies and patterns in instilling Character Education for Students of State Elementary School (SDN) 05 Alang Rambah. Based on these results, it can be said that teachers have implemented character development for students based on the 2013 curriculum at State Elementary School (SDN) 05 Alang Rambah.
Muhammad Hasyim Ashari, Umi Muawanah, Oyong Lisa
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.160

Abstract:
The application of green accounting in public hospitals (RSUs) in Malang Raya must be based on financial, social and environmental activities, as a form of economic, social and environmental responsibility. This of course requires management's understanding of green accounting, and hospital management work experience, as well as considering the organizational size of the hospitals. The purpose of this study was to analyze and determine the effect of management's understanding of green accounting, organizational size and work experience either partially or simultaneously on the application of green accounting in public hospitals in Malang Raya, as well as the percentage level of the influence of research variables on the application of green accounting at public hospitals in Malang. This survey research uses a multivariate correlation approach, namely causal correlation using linear regression test. The variables used are management's understanding of green accounting, organizational size, and work experience as the independent variable and the application of green accounting as the dependent variable. The sampling method used is probability sampling with stratified sampling, so that 36 research samples were collected from a population of 40 RSUs. The novelty of this research is the addition of work experience variables, in addition to the variables of management's understanding of green accounting and the size of the general hospital organization. The results showed that simultaneously, the variables of management's understanding of green accounting, organizational size and work experience had an effect on the application of green accounting in public hospitals in Malang Raya. In fact, the effect of the variable management understanding of green accounting, organizational size and work experience on the application of green accounting variable is 38.5% and the remaining 61.5% is influenced by other variables besides the variables in this study. However, partially the variables of management's understanding of green accounting and organizational size that affect the application of green accounting in public hospitals in Malang Raya, while the work experience variable does not affect the application of green accounting in public hospitals in Malang Raya.
Nurhayati, Jamaris, Sufyarma Marsidin
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.183

Abstract:
The objective of this study is to see how the Pancasila Student Profile is strengthened in the Independent Learning Curriculum in elementary schools. The data collection method was the research library, and the approach was qualitative. According to the findings of the study, reinforcing the Pancasila Student Profile in the Independent Learning Curriculum provides a solution for developing Pancasila-based character. The Pancasila Student Profile has six competencies consisting of faith, fear of God Almighty, noble character, global diversity, cooperation, independence, critical reasoning, and creativity. The Pancasila Profile strengthening project is cross-disciplinary learning with a Project-Based learning approach and differs from project-based learning in the classroom. The government is promoting the Transformational Teacher Program as the spearhead of equal distribution of education and strengthening the Pancasila Student Profile. The government assists transformational schools through consultative and asymmetric assistance, strengthening school human resources, learning with a new paradigm, data-based planning, and digitizing schools
Yepi Herpanda, Berry Devanda, Nurhizrah Gistituati, Rusdinal, Riza Desriandi
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.172

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the principal's role as a leader in managing resources in schools that have a positive impact on the creation of effective school climate in SMA Negeri 1 Koto XI Tarusan. The research used is qualitative research where the data sources or respondents are all school residents including the principal, educators and education staff, students and committees as representatives of parents in the school. Data collection techniques are observation, interviews and documentation studies of school program documents such as RKJM, RKT, and RKAS as well as documentation studies of the education unit level curriculum which contains a program of activities carried out by schools within the next one year. Data analysis used interactive models, data validity using data triangulation. The results of research conclusions The principal as a school manager is able to determine achievement targets and milestones of success in implementing the RKS which is prepared based on the education quality report card and involves various parties, both in the 4-year Medium-Term Work Plan (RKJM) and the 1-year Annual Work Plan (RKT) so that implementation of program planning is more operational and its achievements are measurable. The principal's leadership in implementing school programs must refer to programs that have been previously designed by involving school members according to their respective main tasks and functions
Rusdiman AB, Paningkat Siburian, Saut Purba, Osberth Sinaga
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.171

Abstract:
This study describes the principal's supervision model in improving teacher performance, the stages of principal's supervision in improving teacher performance, and the obstacles faced in the implementation of principal's supervision in improving teacher performance. This research is a descriptive qualitative research with a pedagogical approach, a psychological approach, a sociological approach and a managerial approach. The research was conducted at SMK Negeri 1 Bireuen. Data sources are primary sources and secondary sources. Data collection techniques used observation, interviews, and documentation. The research instruments were interview guides, observation sheets and documentation. The data is processed by editing, coding, and tabulating. The data were analyzed by data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The validity of the data was tested through technical triangulation and source triangulation. The results showed that the supervision models used were conventional models, artistic models, scientific models and clinical models. The stages of supervision are the planning stage including socialization, explaining the supervision indicators, and making a schedule, the implementation stage includes pre-observation, observation and post-observation activities, and the last is the follow-up stage. Obstacles to the implementation of supervision are the broad managerial scope of the principal, teachers are less prepared for learning, the subjectivity of supervisory teachers is still high, there are frequent replacements of principals, limited facilities and infrastructure, and lack of teacher discipline.
Junaidi Arsyad, Maisaroh Ritonga
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.184

Abstract:
Study aims to see the extent of modernization and development of the professional development of existing religious teachers. Of course, professional teachers who are proven by their competencies will encourage the realization of processes and performance products that can support improving the quality of Indonesian education. The method used in this study uses a qualitative research method with a descriptive analytical approach. Where this research approach seeks to explain a symptom, event or event that is happening at the present time where the researcher tries to photograph the events and events that are the center of attention and then describe what they are related to the term educator in the hadith review. The results of the study indicate that the Professionalism of Islamic Religious Education Teachers cannot be separated from three factors that are quite important, namely teacher competence, teacher certification, and teacher professional allowances. Teacher professionalism is a condition in which the work or activities carried out by a teacher become a source of income for life that requires expertise, proficiency, or skills that meet certain quality standards or norms and require professional education. Teacher's Professional and Career Guidance and Development (P3KG) includes the development of pedagogic competence, personality competence, social competence, and professional competence.
Yudi Hari Rayanto, Supriyo
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.179

Abstract:
This research was started with a simple research question to find out the effectiveness of ICARE model implemented on teaching Micro Teaching subject whereas it was embedded in online and offline as a lesson plan in Hybrid learning class. In this research, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative research. It meant the researcher joined both the online class and an offline class to observe the real learning activity and for gaining the learners’ score for measuring the effectiveness of ICARE on Micro Teaching subject in a hybrid learning class. The researcher used two instruments they were observation field note and evaluation sheets. Field note observation was held to observe the learning activities in online in 10 while 4 meetings in offline were held through conducting test. Researcher prepared 20 items indicators which were used to obtain the learners’ score based on performance teaching test. The researcher used likert scale for determining the point gained by learners. The result from observation in online learning showed that mostly learners really enjoyed and were enthusiastic in joining online learning activity in 10 meetings. Meanwhile through the test in offline learning in 4 meetings, there were 7 Learners got more that 90 (excellence) and 8 learners got under 90 (satisfied). So, it was concluded that ICARE model was effective to be implemented altogether in teaching and learning activity in hybrid learning (online and offline) for gaining effective teaching and learning and fabulous fruitful.
Rizki Kurniawan Rangkuti, Dwi Juniati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.178

Abstract:
Spatial reasoning as an important component in students' mathematical thinking and problem solving. How do students think spatially, how is the flow in solving contextual problems, this is spatial reasoning. Spatial reasoning consists of three characteristics, namely perceiving, visual-spatial and transforming. This research is included in descriptive qualitative which aims to describe the spatial reasoning of MTs students in imagining and explaining parts of objects, mentioning and describing parts of objects and changing the shape of objects from the problems given. The subjects in this study were three students from class VIII of MTs Negeri 3 Muara Ampolu Tapanuli Selatan who were taken from each level of mathematical ability, namely high, medium and low abilities after being given an initial math ability test. To find out the profile of students' spatial reasoning in contextual solving, the research subjects were given a spatial reasoning test. The results showed that students with high and moderate mathematical abilities in solving contextual problems that required spatial reasoning had good results. Meanwhile, low-ability students have difficulty in solving contextual problems so that their spatial reasoning has poor results.
Silky Roudhotus Sa’Adah, Budi Eko Soetjipto, Ery Tri Djatmika Rudijanto
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.166

Abstract:
Wise – consumption can be defined as frugality by using goods sufficiently and not excessive. Wise behavior is the implication of frugal activity concerning available resources distribution. This research aims to describe how to internalize wise – consumption to elementary school children, and to familiarize the children about what good consumption activity is. This research is qualitative research with phenomenological studies approaches in Siraman, Kesamben, Blitar Regency. The subject of this research is 30 families that have elementary school children. Moreover, data analysis used a technique of descriptive qualitative. The research finding shows that internalization can be conducted by exemplary, verbal explanation, and habitual relevant action.
Helpi Nelwatri, Mardiani Bebasari, Nurhizrah Gistituati3, Rusdinal
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.181

Abstract:
Community needs for quality health services are increasing, in line with developments happening in the world today. Health workers are one of the main factors in health service efforts so that it is necessary to improve the quality of health workers. One of the efforts to improve the quality of health workers is through education. Recognition of Past Learning (RPL) as outlined in the Minister of Health Regulation Number 41 of 2016 concerning the Program for Accelerating the Improvement of Education Qualifications for Health Workers. knowing how to implement the Accelerated Nursing Education Program through the Recognition Mechanism of Past Learning (RPL) at Poltekkes Kemenkes Padang, using qualitative research methods with research designs using the Rapid Assessment Procedure (RAP) or rapid assessment procedures. Research resultthat the implementation of the Midwifery Education Acceleration Program through the RPL Mechanism at the Health Polytechnic of the Ministry of Health Padang has been going well despite experiencing several obstacles in program socialization and technical implementation of learning related to the status of students' study permit.
Didik Cahyono, Hamdiana, Muhammad Raihan
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.163

Abstract:
This study was motivated by Tarung Derajat Kaltim athletes who passed the PON entry, the authors found that in self-preparation there were fewer interesting exercises due to the absence of training partners during self-training at home. This study aims to find out the motivation of PON athletes fighting degrees towards the XX PAPUA 2021   PON this study is intended to find out how much intrinsic and extrinsic motivation PON athletes fight kaltim degrees.  6 athletes using saturated sampling with a sample of 6 athletes. . The data collection in this study used non-test techniques using questionnaires and documentation to find out the motivation of  PON athletes fighting kaltim degrees.  Measurement scale  using Mahmud's likert scale (2011: 181) The results of the study using showed that the motivation of PON athletes fighting kaltim degrees is in the category either with the number of 4 athletes or 66.6%. Intrinsic Motivation pon athletes fighting the degree of Kaltim is in the good category with the number of 5 athletes 83.3%%. Extrinsic motivation of PON athletes fighting kaltim degrees is in the good category with the number of 4 athletes 66.6%
Arifin Tumuhulawa, Roy Marthen Moonti, Yusril Katili
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.176

Abstract:
Objective of study is to identify and analyze dispute resolution on the authority of state institutions whose authority is granted by the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (UUD NRI 1945) by the Constitutional Court as regulated in the constitution, the fourth amendment to Article 24C paragraph 1 UUD 1945. By using a normative juridical research method and analytical descriptive, with a statutory approach, a conceptual approach, and a casuistic approach. Disputes on authority between state institutions are caused by the first; an inadequate system to regulate and oversee relations between existing institutions, secondly; Different interpretations of a provision, third; The mechanism of checks and balances on an equal relationship is possible in the implementation of the authority of each state institution, differences and/or disputes arise in interpreting the mandate of the Constitution, fourthly there is overlapping authority, and fifthly, there is authority of state institutions whose authority is obtained from the constitution or the 1945 Constitution carried out by other state institutions. Disputes involving state institutions that are not the main state organs (constitutional state organs) can be resolved at the Constitutional Court on the condition that the state institutions have constitutional importance.
Wienda Gusta, Zahratul Azizah, Nurhizrah Gistituati, Rusdinal
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.159

Abstract:
The purpose of the study was to test the effect of academic supervision and work life balance on teacher performance during Covid-19. This type of research is quantitative with an explanatory research approach. There were 92 teachers of SMK 8 Padang who were selected as samples in the study based on saturated sampling techniques. Research data collected through a questionnaire for academic supervision. The data was collected using questionnaires with a 5-point likert measurement scale. Findings in this study with regression analysis multiple linear showing the results of the analysis that: there is an influence of academic supervision on teacher performance during Covid-19 H1 received; there is a work life balance effect to the performance of teachers during Covid-19 H2 received; and there is an influence of academic supervision and work life balance simultaneously on teacher performance during Covid-19 H3 received.
Vini Wela Septiana, Jamaris, Sufyarma Marsidin
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.182

Abstract:
This study aims to see the students' Critical Thinking Ability. Through the use of Active Sharing Knowledge Strategies to prepare materials for the 21st-century generation of critical reading in Indonesian Mi/SD language learning courses. This research begins with a literature study carried out in May-June of the 2021/2022 academic year, at the Muhammadiyah University of West Sumatra, Faculty of Islamic Religion Prodi Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. The sample of this study consisted of one class, the determination of the sample class using the purposive sampling technique. This type of research is survey research with a qualitative approach. The method used in this research is an experiment, which aims to determine a symptom or effect that arises, as a result of something certain treatment. The data obtained were analyzed using quantitative data analysis techniques. The data obtained is the students' critical thinking ability. critical thinking skills assessment is carried out according to six critical thinking indicators, namely: 1) Focus (focus), 2) Arguments (reasons), 3) Conclusion (inference), 4) Situation, 5) Clarity (Clarity), 6) Follow-up Review (Overviews). The results show that from the 17 critical thinking questions tested, different presentations were obtained. 45% of the students' answers were in the very good category and 55% in the good category. This proves that students' thinking on critical reading material.
Alexsander
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.161

Abstract:
This research stems from concerns about the lack of pastoral roles in Sunday school teaching. Shepherds only focus on serving adults and youth. This study aims to identify and explain the forms of CE and the mechanism of its implementation in the congregation. And the author wants to know the role of the pastor as a CE teacher. This research uses the descriptive qualitative method. This study indicates that there are CE forums in the local congregation, including Sunday school forums, youth forums, men's forums, women's forums, rayon forums, and public worship forums. Activities in these CRE forums are carried out at certain times according to the management of each congregation. The role of the pastor in each of these institutions is generally applied to a task delegation system for each CE forum administrator. However, in particular, the Siding Pastor has not shown his active role as a CE teacher in the Sunday School, Youth Youth and Women's Forum. The role of the Shepherd is more focused on the sermon on the pulpit at the Sunday service.
Rusdiman AB, Wanapri Pangaribuan, Syamsul Arif, Selamat Triono Ahmad
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i6.173

Abstract:
Driving School is a school that focuses on developing student learning outcomes holistically by realizing the Pancasila Student Profile which includes competence and character starting with superior human resources (principals and teachers). The Motivating School Program is a refinement of the previous school transformation program. The Motivating School Program will accelerate public/private schools in all school conditions to move 1-2 stages further. The program is carried out in stages and is integrated with the ecosystem until all schools in Indonesia become the Motivating School Program. The first batch of the Driving School Program (PSP) for the 2021/2022 academic year has already started. There are 2,500 schools selected from 111 city districts that run the program. The Driving School Implementing School can inspire other schools to take part in the Mobilizing School Program. Motivating School teacher mentoring program. Initially the target was 61,000 people, now it is 23,145 people, with the budget dropping from Rp. 389.3 billion to Rp. 247.7 billion. Likewise with disaster-safe education units. The target is to decrease from 1,530 institutions to 1,290 institutions, with the budget falling from Rp. 152.1 billion to Rp. 115.9 billion.
Ayu Maya Damayanti
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.150

Abstract:
This study explains and describes pre-service Civic teachers' technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) abilities. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The subjects of this study were the civic pre-service teacher. The data collection instruments used were lesson plans, observation sheets, questionnaires, and interview sheets. Based on the research conducted, positive results were obtained. Students assume that through learning basic teaching skills, students' TPACK abilities increase. From this research, it can also be concluded that further research is needed to determine the factors that influence the TPACK ability of prospective teacher students.
Ai Sumarni, Badruzzaman, Hanafiah
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.151

Abstract:
This research is based on the fact that teachers as managers for their students, in learning activities carried out in junior high schools generally still use conventional learning methods. This has an impact on student learning achievement. The purpose of education is stated in the National Education System Law no. 20 of 2003 can be achieved, the facts in the field of active, innovative, creative, effective and fun learning have not yet been implemented. The indicator is that there are students who are not active in discussions, lazy in solving problems. Seeing this phenomenon, it is necessary to take steps to overcome it with PAI learning management with Problem Based Learning (PBL) as an effort to improve learning achievement. The PBL method requires students to be active, creative, and cooperative in their learning, so they can apply it in real life. The purpose of this research is to describe the planning, implementation, assessment, supporting factors, obstacles and solutions. The methodology used is descriptive qualitative by collecting data through observation, interviews and documentation. The research process is determined by the subject, approach, type, location and research technique as well as testing the validity of the data and data analysis. The results of the research from the problems obtained are balanced with the achievements of class IX-A and IX-G, the learning achievement is still low, seen from the achievement of the score is not optimal. From the results of the assessment, the average value was not found below. Conclusion: Problem Based Learning method is able to improve learning achievement with indicators of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor values ​​exceeding the KKM.
Novianti Fay, Urni Babys, Netty Julinda Marlin Gella
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.142

Abstract:
Mathematical communication skills are the ability to convey mathematical ideas or ideas orally or in writing, and to understand and accept other people's ideas or ideas carefully, analytically, critically, and evaluative to sharpen the understanding. The purpose of this study is to analyze students ' mathematical communication skills in terms of self-confidence. The study was conducted in SMP Negeri 3 Soe with the subject of research being VIII grade students as many as 22 students. This study uses the qualitative descriptive method. Data collection techniques in the form of tests, questionnaires, and interviews. The data analysis follows the miles and Huberman model. The results showed that students ' mathematical communication skills are seen from different levels of confidence. Students who have a high level of confidence can meet 4 indicators of mathematical communication skills, namely connecting real objects, images, and diagrams into mathematical ideas; able to present ideas in the form of images; able to use terms, mathematical symbols, and structures to present ideas, describe relationships and model making; able to understand, interpret and evaluate mathematical ideas. Students who have a moderate level of confidence can meet three indicators, namely connecting real objects, images, and diagrams into mathematical ideas; being able to present ideas in the form of images; able to use terms, mathematical symbols, and structures to present ideas, describe relationships and model making. Students with a low level of confidence are only able to meet one indicator, namely in using terms, mathematical symbols, and structures to present ideas, describe relationships, and model making.
Vini Wela Septiana, Zulhendri, Nurhayati, Rusdinal, Azwar Ananda, Nurhizrah Gistituati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.147

Abstract:
This studied aims to know the educational system in Netherland. The research method is literature review or literature study, which contains theories relevant to research problems. The result of the educational system of Netherland that the politics and structure of educational system: the Dutch government through its constitution places freedoms in the education system, namely: (a) freedom to establish educational institutions; (b) organize it; and (c) determine their own religious basis or underlying belief. The structure and type of education: there are three levels of formal Dutch education, namely primary, junior secondary and vocational education, and general high school, vocational academies and universities. The general secondary school structure consists of 4 types of schools, namely: pre-university (VWO, 6 years), vocational level I (MAVO, 4 years), and upper level (HAVO, 5 years), vocational academies, and other types of schools. The education management; The form of the Dutch education system is centralized. The responsibility of the central government lies in matters relating to the organization, funding, inspections, examinations, promotion innovation. The reflection of educational of netherland; role of the education inspectorate is very large in controlling the implementation of education in the Netherlands.
Julinsen D Banamtuan, Netty J M Gella, Urni Babys
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.140

Abstract:
This study is aimed to describe the students' errors in the concept of resolving the question about rank material with descriptive qualitative method. The subject of this study was 21 students at SMA Kisten Kapan in X MIPA A  on the academic year 2020/2021. The instruments were test questions, interview sheets, and documentation. The data analysis result showed that concept errors were conducted by students on the rank material such as a). Students were not able to understand the symbol and place value; b). Students were erroneous in solving process; c). Misinterpreting the idea in writing systematically; d). Students Made the error mathematical model and formulate problems' strategies. The most dominant concept error Made by students was that students were not able to understand the symbol and place values because they were less careful in working on the questions. The teachers' role in overcoming these problems was to provide various activities in learning mathematics and provide varied practice questions that students learned independently.
Dinelti Fitria, Rhona Sandra, Rusdinal, Nurhizrah Gistituati
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.149

Abstract:
Strategy implementation is the management process of realizing its strategy in the form of programs, procedures, budgets and strategy development in the form of actions. Principals are managers in schools who are expected to be able to implement strategies in schools so that educational goals in schools are still achieved and changes that occur can also be made. The principal must be able to seek a dynamic educational institution, so that the school he leads continues to live in the midst of such intense competition. The case study was conducted at SMP Negeri 1 Siak Hulu, Kampar Regency. From the results of the study it can be concluded that the implementation of the strategic plan at SMP Negeri 1 Siak Hulu went well under the leadership of the principal for the 2015-2022 period, namely Drs. Jasir, M.Pd, starting from setting the vision and mission, formulating the strategy, implementing the strategy, and evaluating & supervising the strategy.
Zulhendri, Ahmad Fauzan, Made Arnawa, Edwin Musdi, Yerizon
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.156

Abstract:
The goal of this research is  to describe the analysis of mathematics students error to solve problem of linear programs. This research belongs to the type of qualitative research with using a descriptive approach.  The data collection technique is done by giving tests in the form of linear program story questions and interviews. This study used in fifth semester of the students of mathematics of Pahlawan University. The results showed that the types of conceptual errors are: a) making graphic error solution, b) error in using the concept of a variable that will be used, c) identify what is asked and d) choosing error symbol. Procedural errors are: a) error in choosing the strategy to be used in problem solving, b) error in apply strategy to solve the problem, and c) error in viewing return what is the solution obtained is in accordance with what known and asked. Causative factor students make mistakes in solving program problems linear:  a) Students are not accustomed to solving story problems so that students have difficulty transform into a mathematical model b) Students do not understand the concept of symbols inequalities c) Students are less proficient at making graphs including determining the area completion d) Students do not understand the concept of extreme points e) Students are less thorough in performing calculation operations
Muhammad Risal Johar
International Journal of Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ijhess), Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55227/ijhess.v1i5.145

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of Economic Growth, Investment, agglomeration, on the regional disparities of districts/cities in North Maluku province in 2016-2020. The method of analysis used in this study is the regression of panel data for the period 2016-2020 sourced from the Central Bureau of Statistics of North Maluku. Statistical tests include Common, Fixed, and Random tests, as well as conducting Chow and Hausman tests to obtain the tests to be selected. The results of the data analysis showed that among the four economic growth variables (X1) has a negative and significant influence on the regional gap. Investment variables (X2) and agglomeration (X3) have a positive and significant influence on the regional gap.
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