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Hulyadi Hulyadi
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.723

Abstract:
Lingkungan, kualitas media, teknik inokulasi bibit dan kualitas bibit menjadi beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi produktivitas jamur merang. Kondisi lingkungan menjadi salah satu faktor utama. Kondisi lingkungan ideal harus terus dijaga petani jamur merang, produksi jamur merang tetap setabil. Suhu ruangan menjadi faktor yang harus diperhatikan untuk menjaga tumbuh kembang jamur merang. Suhu ruangan bisa ideal jika kondisi kumbung dan kualitas media terjaga. Peneliti ini bertujuan menganilsa produktivitas kumbung selama satu tahun pertama produksi. Produktivitas diukur melalui lama produksi dan massa jamur merang yang diperoleh. Produksi jamur merang rata-rata dalam setiap bulannya sebesar 103,7 Kg dengan lama produksi rata-rata 30 hari. Korelasi anatara jumlah produksi dan lama panen berkorelasi positif ini dibuktikan dengan nilai R hitung 0,978>R tabel 0, 4575. Berdasarkan kajian lapangan dan analisis data diperoleh jumlah produksi berkorelasi positif dengan lama panen dan produksi jamur dan akan menurun seiring bertambahnya usia kumbung. Menurunnya produktivitas diakibatnya karena menurunnya kualitas media tanam. Kontaminan dan sulitnya merekayasa iklim kumbung menjadi faktor lain yang berpengaruh terhadap menurunnya jumlah dan lama produksi jamur merang. Analysis of the Length of Use of Kumbung on the Productivity of Straw Mushrooms (Volvariella volvaceae)AbstractThe environment, the quality of the media, the inoculation technique of seedlings and the quality of seedlings are some of the factors that affect the productivity of the straw mushrooms. Environmental conditions are one of the main factors. Ideal environmental conditions must be maintained by straw mushroom farmers, the production of straw mushrooms remains as stable as possible. Room temperature is a factor that must be considered to maintain the growth and development of straw mushrooms. Room temperature can be ideal if the condition of the kumbung and the quality of the media are maintained. This researcher aims to analyze the productivity of the kumbung during the first year of production. Productivity is measured through the length of production and the mass of the acquired straw mushroom. The average production of straw mushrooms in each month is 103.7 Kg with an average production duration of 30 days.  The correlation between the amount of production and the duration of harvest is positively correlated with the calculated R value of 0.978>R table 0.4575.  Based on field studies and data analysis, the amount of production is positively correlated with the length of harvest and mushroom production and will decrease with age. The decline in productivity is due to the decline in the quality of the growing media. Contaminants and the difficulty of engineering a continuous climate are other factors that influence the decrease in the number and duration of straw mushroom production.
Rojil Nugroho Bayu Aji
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.864

Abstract:
Manusia sejak awal beraktivitas, tidak lepas dari olahraga. Oleh karena itu, manusia dapat disebut sebagai makhluk bermain dan olahraga merupakan salah satu perwujudan nilai-nilai kemanusiaan dalam sebuah permainan. Permainan olahraga yang dipertandingkan dalam kejuaraan antar negara menjadi suatu pamor dan memiliki nilai yang melekat pada suatu negara. Sejarah perkembangan olahraga dan prestasi yang tercipta dalam kompetisi internasional memiliki jejak otentik, salah satunya disimpan dalam museum bertema olahraga. Indonesia memiliki Museum Olahraga Nasional yang dikelola oleh Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi potensi-potensi museum olahraga nasional sebagai pusat data dan studi sejarah olahraga di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian dengan cara studi pustaka dan studi dokumen dari Kemeterian Pemuda dan Olahraga Republik Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Museum Olahraga Nasional memiliki peran penting untuk dijadikan sebagai pusat data dan studi di bidang olahraga. Uraian komprehensif terkait hasil penelitian lebih lanjut disajikan pada artikel ini. National Sports Museum as a Data Center and Study of Sports HistoryAbstractSince the beginning of their activities, humans can not be separated from sports. Therefore, humans can be called playing creatures, and sports are one of the manifestations of human values ??in a game. Sports games competed in championships between countries become prestigious and have an inherent value in a country. The history of sports development and the achievements made in international competitions has authentic traces, one of which is stored in a sports-themed museum. Indonesia has a National Sports Museum, which the Ministry of Youth and Sports manages. This study aimed to identify the potential of the national sports museum as a data center and study of sports history in Indonesia. This study uses research methods employing literature studies and document studies from the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Indonesia. The results show that the National Sports Museum is essential in serving as a data center and study in sports. A comprehensive description of the research results, further presented in this article.
Muhammad Asy'Ari, Muhammad Roil Bilad, Muhali Muhali
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.668

Abstract:
Peningkatan publikasi ilmiah Indonesia pada jurnal ilmiah mengalami peningkatan pesat. Pada tahun 2019-2020, Indonesia bahkan berada pada peringkat 1 di ASEAN. Sayangnya peningkatan jumlah publikasi tersebut tidak dibarengi dengan peningkatan jumlah sitasi sehingga menunjukkan minimnya kualitas tulisan ilmiah Indonesia. Permasalahan tersebut dapat disebabkan oleh kurangnya kemampuan dalam menulis karya tulis ilmiah. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan standar isi pada tiap komponen artikel ilmiah seperti abstrak, pendahuluan, metode, hasil dan pembahasan, dan kesimpulan/implikasi. Tiap komponen tersebut setidaknya berisi 200-250 kata yang terdiri dari 18 paragraf sehingga total jumlah kata pada satu artikel ilmiah adalah 3600-4500 kata. Detail isi pada setiap paragraph dijelaskan lebihlanjut pada artikel ini. Standard Content of Research Paper: Detail Component to Get Publish in Scientific JournalAbstractThe increase of Indonesian scientific publications in scientific journals has increased rapidly. In 2019-2020, Indonesia is even ranked 1st in ASEAN. Unfortunately, the increase in the number of publications was not accompanied by an increase in the number of citations, thus indicating the low quality of Indonesian scientific writings. These problems can be caused by a lack of ability in writing scientific papers. This article aimed to describe the content standards for each component of scientific articles such as abstracts, introductions, methods, results and discussion, and conclusions/implications. The components of the scientific article must contain at least 200-250 words consisting of 18 paragraphs so that the total number of words in one scientific article is 3600-4500 words. Details of the contents of each paragraph are explained further in this article.
Haeriah Haeriah, Syarifuddin Syarifuddin
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 42-57; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.734

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa menggunakan langkah-langkah IDEAL. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis deskriptif. Subjeknya adalah 6 (enam) siswa kelas X IPS 2 SMA Negeri 8 Malang, enam siswa tersebut terdiri dua siswa dengan kemampuan tinggi, dua siswa dengan kemampuan sedang, dan dua siswa dengan kemampuan rendah. Data diperoleh melalui tes dan wawancara. Tes terdiri dari tiga soal terkait materi sistem persamaan linier tiga variabel. Langkah-langkah analisis data yaitu: 1) reduksi data; 2) penyajian data, dan 3) penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika siswa yaitu siswa dengan kemampuan tinggi sudah mampu memecahkan masalah menggunakan langkah-langkah IDEAL, siswa dengan kemampuan sedang kurang teliti dalam tahap melihat kembali dan mengevaluasi hasil, siswa dengan kemampuan rendah mengalami kesulitan dalam tahap melaksanakan strategi dan melaksanakan hasil dan melihat kembali dan mengevaluasi hasil. Analysis of Students' Mathematical Problem Solving Ability Using IDEAL StepsAbstractThe purpose of this study is to analyze the mathematical problem-solving skills of students using IDEAL. This research uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive type. The subjects are six students of class X Social 2 State Senior High School 8 Malang. Six students consisted of two students with high ability, two with moderate ability, and two with low ability—data obtained through tests and interviews. The test consists of a three matter-related material linear equations system of three variables. Data analysis steps are 1) data reduction, 2) data presentation, and 3) conclusion. The result of the research shows that the development of students' mathematical problem-solving ability, i.e., students with high ability have been able to solve the problem using IDEAL steps, students with ability are being less conscientious in the process of reviewing and evaluating outcomes, students with low ability have difficulty in implementing strategy and executing results and reviewing and evaluating results.
Muh Fahrul Ihsan, Isyani Isyani, Lalu Hulfian
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 17-24; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.730

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk memperbaiki proses dan meningkatkan hasil belajar passing dalam bola basket dengan menggunakan gaya mengajar divergen siswa kelas IX E SMA Negeri 1 Lombok Timur. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (class room action research-CAR) dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak 36 siswa. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian adalah data dalam bentuk lembar observasi yaitu pengamatan dalam proses pembelajaran terhadap siswa; lembar observasi aspek kognitif, afektif, dan psikomotor. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis data kuantitatif dengan mengelompokkan data hasil observasi, kemudian dilakukan perhitungan persentase ketuntasan hasil belajar aspek kognitif, afektif dan psikomotor, selanjutnya dilakukan perhitungan persentase ketuntasan klasikal. Hasil penelitian pada pratindakan, hasil belajar siswa pada penilaian aspek kognitif 16 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 44,44%, pada penilaian aspek afektif 16 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 44,44%, pada penilaian aspek psikomotor 14 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 58,33%. Pada siklus I hasil belajar siswa pada penilaian aspek kognitif 22 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 62,11%, pada penilaian aspek afektif 23 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 63,88%, pada penilaian aspek psikomotor 21 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 58,33%. Pada siklus II hasil belajar siswa pada penilaian aspek kognitif 35 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 97,22%, pada penilaian aspek afektif 35 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 91,66%, pada penilaian aspek psikomotor 33 siswa yang mencapai KKM dengan PKK 91,66%. Pada siklus II hasil belajar telah mencapai KKM sehingga tidak dilanjutkan pada siklus berikutnya dengan kata lain penelitian dihentikan. Efforts to Improve Passing Learning Outcomes in Basketball Games using Divergent Teaching StyleAbstractThe purpose of this study was to improve the process and the learning outcomes of passing in basketball by using the divergent teaching style of class IX E students of SMA Negeri 1 Lombok Timur. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) with 36 students as research subjects. Data collection techniques in research are data in the form of observation sheets, namely observations in the learning process of students; observation sheets for cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects. Data analysis used quantitative data analysis techniques by grouping observational data, calculating the percentage of mastery learning outcomes in cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects, then calculating the percentage of classical completeness. The results of the research on pre-action, student learning outcomes on cognitive aspect assessment 16 students who achieved KKM with PKK 44,44%, on affective aspect assessment 16 students who achieved KKM with PKK 44.44%, on psychomotor aspect assessment, 14 students who achieved KKM with PKK 58.33%. In the first cycle of student learning outcomes in the cognitive aspect assessment, 22 students achieved KKM with PKK 62.11%, on the affective aspect assessment, 23 students achieved KKM with PKK 63,88%, on the psychomotor aspect assessment, 21 students achieved KKM with PKK 58,33%. In the second cycle of student learning outcomes on the cognitive aspect assessment, 35 students who achieved KKM with PKK 97.22%, on the affective aspect assessment, 35 students who achieved KKM with PKK 91.66%, on the psychomotor aspect assessment, 33 students who achieved KKM with PKK 91,66%. In cycle II the learning outcomes have reached the KKM so that it is not continued in the next cycle in other words, the research is stopped.
Andi Gilang Permadi, Muhammad Ridwan Lubis
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 25-31; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.722

Abstract:
Pada cabang olahraga petanque cenderung menggunakan proses pelatihan dengan pendekatan praktis dan umpan balik yang biasanya dilakukan sebatas umpan balik verbal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah penggunaan video feedback (VFB) dapat meningkatkan kemampuan shooting petanque. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan jenis rancangan kuasi eksperimen. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 24 atlet petanque UNDIKMA dengan teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah shooting presicion petanque. Analisis data penelitian diawali dengan melakukan uji prasyarat analisis data menggunakan uji normalitas Kormogorov-Smirnov Test sebelum melakukan Paired Sample T-Test, uji prasyarat selanjutnya menggunakan uji homogenitas Levene Statistics sebelum melakukan Independent Sample T-Test. Berdasarkan Independent Sampel T-Test diperoleh nilai Sig. (2-tailed) sebesar 0,000 < 0,05 maka disimpulkan ada perbedaan pengaruh hasil kemampuan shooting antara kelompok eksperimen penggunaan video feedback (VFB) dengan kelompok kontrol (umpan balik verbal), namun penggunaan video feedback (VFB) dinyatakan lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan shooting (mean=21,83) daripada umpan balik verbal (mean=16,50). The Video Feedback (VFB) for Improving Petanque Shooting AbilityAbstractPetanque sports tend to use a practical and practical training process and are usually limited to verbal feedback. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of video feedback (VFB) can improve petanque shooting abilities. This research was carried out with a quasi-experimental design. The sample in this study amounted to 24 UNDIKMA petanque athletes with a purposive sampling technique. The research instrument used was shooting precision petanque. Research data analysis begins with a prerequisite data analysis test using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test for normality before conducting the Paired Sample T-Test, and the next test using the Levene Statistics homogeneity test before conducting the Independent Sample T-Test. Based on the Independent Sample T-Test obtained, the value of Sig. (2-tailed) of 0.000 < 0.05, it is concluded that there is a difference in the effect of the results of shooting ability between the experimental group using video feedback (VFB) and the control group (verbal feedback). Still, the use of video feedback (VFB) is stated to be more effective (mean=21.83) than verbal feedback (mean=16.50).
Muhali Muhali, Mila Ulfanita, Khaeruman Khaeruman, Yusran Khery
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 58-67; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.767

Abstract:
Peneltian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi hubungan antara kesadaran metakognisi dan hasil belajar peserta didik dalam pembelajaran kimia selama masa pandemic Covid-19 pada Tahun Pelajaran 2021-2022. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan pendekatan ex-post facto dengan kerangka penelitian korelasional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMAN 1 Bolo dengan melibatkan 66 orang peserta didik kelas X sebagai subjek penelitian yang diambil secara jenuh. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analisis korelasi product moment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata kesadaran metakognisi peserta didik sebesar 71. Hasil belajar peserta didik kelas pada semester ganjil dan genap berturut-turut 70 dan 63. Akan tetapi tidak ada korelasi antara kesadaran metakognisi dan hasil belajar kognitif peserta didik. Korelasi metakognisi terhadap hasil belajar peserta didik baik pada semester ganjil maupun genap, dengan nilai product moment berturut-turut -0,025 dan -0,094, lebih rendah daripada r kritis sebesar 0,239 pada DK 64 dan nilai signifikansi (p) 5 %. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran Kimia di SMAN 1 Bolo selama masa pandemic covid-19 tidak seiring dengan pengembangan kesadaran metakognisi peserta didik terhadap pembelajaran. Correlation between Students Metacognitive Awareness and Cognitive Learning Outcomes on Chemistry Learning While Covid-19 PandemicAbstractThis study aims to evaluate the relationship between metacognitive awareness and student learning outcomes in chemistry learning during the Covid-19 pandemic in the 2021-2022 Academic Year. This research was carried out using an ex-post facto approach with a correlational research framework. The research was conducted at SMAN 1 Bolo involving 66 students of class X as research subjects who were taken saturated. Data were analyzed descriptively and product moment correlation analysis.The results showed that the average metacognitive awareness of students was 71. The average of students’ cognitivelearning outcomes in odd and even semester was 70 and 63 respectively. However, there is no correlation between metacognitive awareness and students' cognitive learning outcomes.The correlation between metacognitive awareness and students' cognitive learning outcomes both in odd and even semester, with r product moment value -0.025 and -0.094 respectively, was lower than r critical 0,239 with df 64 and significance value (p) 5%. This shows that learning Chemistry at SMAN 1 Bolo during the COVID-19 pandemic is not in line with the development of students' metacognitive awareness of learning.
Helmi Rahmawati, Moh. Supratman
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 32-41; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.768

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap dan menggambarkan kemampuan abstraksi reflektif siswa dalam merekonstruksi konsep limit fungsi ditinjau dari perbedaan jenis kelamin. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan subjek penelitian yang terdiri terdiri dari dua siswa (laki-laki and perempuan) kelas XI MIPA MA Darul Mahmudien NW Montonggamang dengan kemampuan matematika tinggi. Data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh melalui tes dan wawancara. Penelitian ini menggunakan struktur mental teori APOS (Aksi, Proses, Objek, Skema) untuk menggambarkan mekanisme mental interiorisasi, enkapsulasi, dan tematisasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada setiap tahap, (1) Siswa Laki-laki (SL) mampu menghubungkan pengetahuan matematika yang dimiliki yang terkait dengan materi limit fungsi untuk menemukan jawaban (aksi), (2) menjelaskan bagaimana menemukan jawaban (proses), (3) belum dapat menjelaskan aturan yang digunakan (objek), dan (4) belum dapat menyelesaikan soal yang lebih kompleks (skema). Di pihak lain, Siswa Perempuan (SP) hanya mencapai tahap aksi. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa kemampuan abstraksi reflektif SL lebih baik dari pada SP dalam merekonstruksi konsep limit fungsi. Analysis of Students' Reflective Abstraction Ability in Reconstructing the Concept of Function Limits in terms of Gender DifferencesAbstractThis study aims to reveal and describe students' reflective abstraction skills in reconstructing the concept of limit function in terms of gender differences. This research is qualitative research with research subjects consisting of two students (male and female) class XI MIPA MA Darul Mahmudien NW Montonggamang with high mathematical ability. The data in this study were obtained through tests and interviews. This study uses the mental structure of APOS theory (Action, Process, Object, Schema) to describe the cognitive mechanisms of interiorization, encapsulation, and thematization. The results showed that at each stage, (1) male students (SL) were able to relate their mathematical knowledge related to the limit function material to find answers (action), (2) explain how to find answers (process), (3 ) has not been able to explain the rules used (objects), and (4) have not been able to solve more complex problems (schemas). On the other hand, female students (SP) only reached the action stage. So it can be concluded that the reflective abstraction ability of SL is better than SP in reconstructing the concept of limit function.
Nening Listari, Zulkarnain Gazali
Empiricism Journal, Volume 3, pp 68-73; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v3i1.790

Abstract:
Penelitin ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelayakan pengembangan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik (LKPD) berdasarkan konsep mind mapping untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa . Populasi pada penelitian ini berjumlah 33 orang sedangkan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini sebanyak15 orang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model dick and carey. Tehnik penyusunan LKPD berdasarkan konsep mind maping yaitu melakukan analisis Kompetensi dasar dan indikator, melakukan analisis materi stoikiometri dan analisis mind mapping. Validasi ahli media pembelajaran dilakukan oleh dua orang dosen senior bidang pendidikan dan di peroleh kelayakan sebesar 80%. Validasi ahli materi oleh dua orang dosen pakar bidang keahlian kimia di peroleh kelayakan sebesar 82,5%. Setelah di validasi kemudian di lakukan uji kelayakan pengembangan LKPD menggunakan skala linker terhadap 15 orang siswa diperoreh hasilkonversi persentase yaitu pada model atau design LKPD diperoleh kelayakan 90,67% (sangat layak), kesesuaian materi diperoleh kelayakan 88%( layak), bahasa komunikatif diperoleh 92% (sangat layak). Untuk penghitungan menggunakan rumus presentase menganalisis peningkatan hasil belajar dengan perbandingan pre-test 34% , sementara post-test nya 41% , hal ini membuktikan adanya peningkatan hasil belajar peserta didik sehingga Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik Berdasarkan konsep Mind Mapping ini terbukti meningkatkan hasil belajar dan layak untuk digunakan. Development of Student Worksheets based on the Concept of Mind Mapping to Improve Students’ Learning OutcomesAbstractThis study aims to determine the feasibility of developing Student Worksheets (SW) based on the concept of mind mapping to improve student learning outcomes. The population in this study amounted to 33 students while the sample used in this study was 15 students. This research is development research with a dick and carey model. The technique of preparing student worksheet is based on the concept of mind mapping, namely analyzing basic competencies and indicators, analyzing stoichiometric material and analyzing mind mapping. The validation of learning media experts was carried out by two senior lecturers in the field of education and obtained a feasibility of 80%. Material expert validation by two expert lecturers in the field of chemistry obtained a feasibility of 82.5%. After being validated, the student worksheets development feasibility test was carried out using a linker scale on 15 students, the percentage of conversion results, namely the student worksheets model or design obtained 90.67% feasibility (very feasible), material suitability obtained 88% feasibility (feasible), communicative language obtained 92 % (very decent). For calculations using the percentage formula to analyze the increase in learning outcomes with a pre-test comparison of 34%, while the post-test is 41%, this proves an increase in student learning outcomes so that the Mind Mapping concept-based worksheet is proven to improve learning outcomes and is feasible to use.
Husnul Hatimah, Asmawati Asmawati, Maeni Maeni, Yusran Khery, Khaeruman Khaeruman
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 53-62; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i2.586

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran Problem Posing dengan Context-Rich Problem terhadap kemampuan berpikir divergen dan kemampuan berpikir konvergen siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu (quasy eksperimental) dengan rancangan penelitian posttest-only control group design. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 85 siswa kelas X SMAN 7 Mataram yang dipilih menggunakan teknik purposive sampling yang terbagi dalam 3 kelompok. Kelompok eksperimen I terdiri dari 26 siswa dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran Problem Posing dengan Context-Rich Problem, kelompok eksperimen II terdiri dari 29 siswa dibelajarkan dengan model Problem Posing, sedangkan kelompok kontrol terdiri dari 30 siswa dibelajarkan dengan model konvensional dengan Context-Rich Problem. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan lembar observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dan tes kemampuan berpikir divergen dan konvergen. Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji varian dua jalur (two way ANOVA). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (1) penggunaan model pembelajaran Problem Posing dengan Context-Rich Problem berpengaruh (Fhitung= 4,128 > Ftabel= 3,26) terhadap kemampuan berpikir divergen siswa; (2) skor rata-rata kelompok eksperimen I (mean= 55,38) lebih tinggi dari pada kelompok eksperimen II (mean= 40,91) dan kelompok kontrol (mean= 42,23); (3) penggunaan model pembelajaran Problem Posing dengan Context-Rich Problem tidak berpengaruh (Fhitung= 0,449 < Ftabel= 3,26) terhadap kemampuan berpikir konvergen siswa; (4) skor rata-rata kelompok eksperimen I (mean= 34,5) lebih tinggi dari pada kelompok eksperimen II (mean= 33,25) dan kelompok kontrol (mean= 24,99). Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran Problem Posing dengan Context-Rich Problem berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan berpikir divergen, namun tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kemampuan berpikir konvergen siswa. The Effect of Problem Posing Model with Context-Rich Problem toward Students’ Divergent and Convergent Thinking AbilityAbstractThis study aims to determine the effect of the Problem Posing learning model with Context-Rich Problems on students' divergent thinking and convergent thinking abilities. This research is a quasi-experimental research with a posttest-only control group design. The sample of this study was 85 students of class X SMAN 7 Mataram who were selected using a purposive sampling technique which was divided into 3 groups. The experimental group I consisted of 26 students taught with the Problem Posing learning model with Context-Rich Problems, the experimental group II consisted of 29 students taught with the Problem Posing model, while the control group consisted of 30 students taught using the conventional model with the Context-Rich Problem. Data were collected using observation sheets on the implementation of learning and divergent and convergent thinking skills tests. The data analysis technique used a two-way ANOVA test. The results showed that (1) the use of the Problem Posing learning model with Context-Rich Problem had an effect (Fcount = 4.128 > Ftable = 3.26) on students' divergent thinking abilities; (2) the average score of the experimental group I (mean= 55.38) was higher than that of the experimental group II (mean= 40.91) and the control group (mean= 42.23); (3) the use of Problem Posing learning model with Context-Rich Problem has no effect (Fcount = 0.449 < Ftable = 3.26) on students' convergent thinking ability; (4) the average score of the experimental group I (mean= 34.5) was higher than the experimental group II (mean= 33.25) and the control group (mean= 24.99). This study concludes that the Problem Posing learning model with Context-Rich Problems has an effect on divergent thinking skills, but has no significant effect on students' convergent thinking abilities.
Laras Firdaus, H. Hunaepi, Agus Muliadi, Herdiyana Fitriani
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 60-65; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i2.336

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan respon mahasiswa terhadap pembelajaran online pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan metode survey. Data dikumpulkan dari 150 mahasiswa pendidikan biologi Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika (UNDIKMA) menggunakan angket yang disusun pada Google Form, kemudian dianalaisis secara deskriptif berdasarkan trend data penelitian yang didapatkan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 87% mahasiswa menggunakan smartphone, dan 13% menggunakan laptop. Pada aspek aplikasi, 73% menggunakan media sosial WhatsApp, 27% menggunakan website kampus. Selain itu, dalam perkuliahan online 92% mahasiswa menggunakan paket data sebagai basis jaringan internet, 62% mahasiswa menyatakan bahwa harga paket data mahal, sebesar 58% menyatakan kondisi jaringan stabil selama perkuliahan online, serta sebagian besar mahasiswa menyatakan bahwa perkuliahan online tidak efektif dibandingkan dengan perkuliahan konvensional. Rekomendasai penelitian berdasarkan respon atau persepsi mahasiswa terhadap pembelajaran online pada masa pandemi COVID-19 adalah UNDIKMA harus berusaha berusaha merancang perkuliahan yang mengakomodir antara perkuliahan online dengan perkuliahan tatap muka. Selain itu, dosen sebagai tenaga pengajar diharapkan merancang materi ajar yang lebih menarik, dan mudah diakses oleh mahasiswa. Student response to online learning during the Covid-19 pandemicAbstractThe purpose of this study was to describe student responses to online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research is a descriptive study with a survey method. Data were collected from 150 biology education students of Mandalika Education University (UNDIKMA) using a questionnaire compiled on Google Form, then analyzed descriptively based on the trends of the research data obtained. The results showed 87% of students used smartphones, and 13% used laptops. In the application aspect, 73% use WhatsApp social media, 27% use campus websites. In addition, in online lectures 92% of students use data packages as the basis for the internet network, 62% of students stated that the price of data packages is expensive, 58% stated that the network conditions were stable during online lectures, and most students stated that online lectures were ineffective compared to conventional lectures. Research recommendations based on student responses or perceptions of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic are that UNDIKMA should try to design lectures that accommodate online lectures with face-to-face lectures. In addition, lecturers as teaching staff are expected to design teaching materials that are more attractive and easily accessible to students.
Emi Wahyuni Maesarah, Akhmad Sukri, Herdiyana Fitriani
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 12-19; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.261

Abstract:
Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui validitas dan keterbacaan LKS berbasis Auditory Intellectually Repetition (AIR). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan tiga tahap define, desain dan develop. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan lembar validasi dan angket keterbacaan LKS. Lembar kerja siswa yang telah disusun kemudian divalidasi oleh 3 validator ahli dan dilakukan uji keterbacaan kepada 21 siswa kelas VII. Adapun hasil penelitian pengembangan LKS berbasis Auditory Intellectually Repetition valid digunakan (skor: 3,28 dengan kategori valid), keterbacaan LKS dinyatakan baik (skor: 3,41 dengan kategori baik). Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa LKS berbasis Auditory Intellectually Repetition layak dan dapat digunakan sebagai bahan ajar alternatif siswa. The Eligibility of Auditory Intellectually Repetition-Based Worksheets as Alternative Teaching Materials for StudentsAbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the validity and legibility of Auditory Intellectually Repetition (AIR) based worksheets. This research is a descriptive quantitative research with three stages i.e define, design and develop. The research data were collected using a validation sheet and a student worksheet readability questionnaire. The student worksheets that had been compiled were then validated by 3 expert validators and readability tests were carried out on 21 class VII students. The results of research on the development of Auditory Intellectually Repetition-based worksheets were valid (score: 3.28 in the valid category), the readability of the worksheets was declared good (score: 3.41 in the good category). So it can be concluded that Auditory Intellectually Repetition-based worksheets was eligible and can be used as alternative teaching materials for students.
Luh Sukariasih, S. Syarifuddin, La Ode Nursalam, La Sahara
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 96-101; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i2.250

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertitik tolak adanya kesenjangan antara harapan pembelajaran dan hasil belajar fisika SMP, oleh sebab itu perlu diupayakan peningkatan mutu proses belajar mengajar melalui pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran yang sesuai dengan hakikat IPA dan standar kompetensi lulusan SMP. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kevalidan dan kepraktisan perangkat pembelajaran IPA terpadu berbasis software adobe flash CS6 pada materi energi dan makanan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif evaluatif yang menghasilkan media pembelajaran IPA terpadu yang valid dan praktis untuk siswa SMP. Media pembelajaran yang dihasilkan divalidasi oleh 2 ahli pembelajaran dan 3 ahli media menggunakan lembar validasi. Kepraktisan produk ditentukan berdasarkan respon 2 guru dan 20 siswa terhadap media pembelajaran yang dikumpulkan menggunakan angket respon. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan media pembelajaaran dinyatakan valid, sedangkan respon yang diberikan guru dan siswa menunjukkan respon yang positif terhadap perangkat pembelajaran dan media pembelajaran yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan temuan penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran IPA berbasis media software adobe flash CS6 yang dikembangkan valid dan praktis digunakan dalam pembelajaran IPA terpadu pada materi energi dan makanan bagi siswa SMP. Validity and Practicality of Integrated Science Learning Tools Based on Adobe Flash Cs6 Software on Energy and Food ThemesAbstractThis research is based on the existence of a gap between learning expectations and learning outcomes for junior high school physics, therefore it is necessary to improve the quality of the teaching and learning process through the development of learning tools that are in accordance with the nature of science and competency standards for junior high school graduates. This study aims to describe the validity and practicality of integrated science learning tools based on Adobe Flash CS6 software on energy and food materials. This research is an evaluative descriptive research that produces an integrated science learning media that is valid and practical for junior high school students. The resulting learning media was validated by 2 learning experts and 3 media experts using a validation sheet. The practicality of the product is determined based on the responses of 2 teachers and 20 students to the learning media collected using a response questionnaire. The research data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the learning media was declared valid, while the responses given by the teacher and students showed a positive response to the learning tools and learning media produced. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that the adobe flash CS6 software media-based science learning device that was developed is valid and practical to use in integrated science learning on energy and food materials for junior high school students.
Jono Iskandar, Syifaul Gummah, Saiful Prayogi, Muhammad Asy'Ari
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 10-18; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.515

Abstract:
Pembelajaran di dalam kelas yang cenderung berpusat pada guru disinyalir menjadi penyebab rendahnya prestasi belajar siswa. Penggunaan mode pembelajaran yang tepat diharapkan mampu membuat siswa berperan aktif dalam proses pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing terhadap prestasi belajar fisika siswa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Siswa pada kelas VIII4 (34 siswa) dijadikan sebagai kelompok eksperimen dan siswa pada kelas VIII6 (34 siswa) sebagai kelompok control yang dipilih menggunakan claster random sampling technique. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan instrumen tes objektif yang telah diuji validitas, reliabilitas, daya pembeda dan indeks kesukaran. Perbedaan prestasi belajar siswa dianalisis menggunakan uji-t setelah dinyatakan memenuhi uji prasyarat normalitas dan homogenitas data. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, diperoleh skor rata-rata pretest kelompok eksperimen sebesar 36,17 dan kelompok kontrol sebesar 39,5. Sedangkan skor rata-rata posttest kelompok eksperimen sebesar 65,41 dan kelas kontrol sebesar 50. Hasil uji-t menunjukkan thitung = 6,07 > ttabel = 2,00, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan metode pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap prestasi belajar fisika siswa SMP. The Effect of the Use of Guided Inquiry Learning Model on the Physics Learning Achievement of Junior High School StudentsAbstractLearning in the classroom that tends to be teacher-centered is allegedly the cause of the low student achievement. The use of appropriate learning modes is expected to be able to make students play an active role in the learning process. This study aims to determine the effect of the guided inquiry learning model on students' physics learning achievement. This type of research is a quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest control group design. Students in class VIII4 (34 students) were used as the experimental group and students in class VIII6 (34 students) as the control group were selected using the cluster random sampling technique. The research data were collected using an objective test instrument that had been tested for validity, reliability, discriminatory power and difficulty index. Differences in student achievement were analyzed using t-test after being declared to meet the prerequisite tests for normality and data homogeneity. Based on the results of data analysis, the average pretest score of the experimental group was 36.17 and the control group was 39.5. While the posttest average score of the experimental group is 65.41 and the control class is 50. The t-test results show tcount = 6.07 > ttable = 2.00, so it can be concluded that the use of guided inquiry learning model has a significant effect on junior high school students’ physics learning achievement.
Muhali Muhali, Roniati Sukaisih, Muhammad Asy'Ari
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 75-95; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i2.337

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis, keterampilan metakognisi, dan kesadaran metakognisi melalui implementasi model reflective metacognitive learning (RML) dalam pembelajaran fisika di MAN 3 Lombok Tengah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) yang dilaksanakan dalam 3 (tiga) siklus pembelajaran dan setiap siklus terdiri dari 3 (tiga) kali pertemuan. Instrumen penelitian ini terdiri dari lembar observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran, tes kemampuan berpikir kritis, lembar penilaian keterampilan metakognisi, dan angket kesadaran metakognisi yang telah dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik observasi, teknik tes, teknik penilaian kinerja, dan teknik angket. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif kuantitatif, dengan menentukan rata-rata dari setiap jenis data, mengkonversi ke dalam skala statistik dan membuat pengkategorisasian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan berpikir kritis meningkat dari 45% pada siklus I menjadi 85% siswa pada siklus II dan III tuntas secara klasikal. Keterampilan metakognisi juga meningkat dari 50% siswa mencapai kategori baik pada siklus I menjadi 100% siswa berkategori baik pada siklus II, 75% dan 25% siswa mencapai kategori baik dan sangat baik pada siklus III. Hal yang sama pada kesadaran metakognisi meningkat dari 100% kategori cukup baik pada siklus I menjadi berkategori baik sebesar 100% pada siklus II dan III. Dengan demikian, model RML dapat diimplementasikan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis, keterampilan dan kesadaran metakognisi siswa dalam pembelajaran fisika. Implementation of the reflective-metacognitive learning model to improve critical thinking skills, metacognition skills and metacognition awarenessAbstract
The purpose of this study was to improve critical thinking skills, metacognition skills, and metacognitive awareness through the implementation of the reflective metacognitive learning (RML) model in physics learning at MAN 3, Central Lombok. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) which is carried out in 3 (three) learning cycles and each cycle consisting of 3 (three) meetings. The research instrument consisted of a learning implementation observation sheet, a critical thinking skills test, a metacognition skill assessment sheet, and a metacognition awareness questionnaire that was declared valid and reliable. The data were collected by means of observation techniques, test techniques, performance appraisal techniques, and questionnaire techniques. Data analysis was carried out in a descriptive quantitative manner, by determining the average of each type of data, converting it into a statistical scale and categorizing it. The results showed that the critical thinking ability increased from 45% in the first cycle to 85% of the students in the second and third cycles were classically complete. Metacognition skills also increased from 50% of students achieving good categories in cycle I to 100% of students being categorized as good in cycle II, 75% and 25% of students achieving good and very good categories in cycle III. The same thing in metacognition awareness increased from 100% good enough category in cycle I to good category by 100% in cycle II and III. Thus, the RML model can be implemented to improve students' critical thinking skills, metacognitive skills and awareness in learning physics.
Ni Nyoman Sri Putu Verawati, Roniati Sukaisih
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 40-46; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.591

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa (HOTs) dengan indikatro analisis, evalusi, dan mencipta dalam pembelajaran inkuiri dengan simulasi PhET. Penelitian ini merupakan pre-eksperimental dengan one-group pretest-posttest design yang melibatkan 32 siswa sebagai subjek penelitian. Data keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa dikumpulkan menggunakan instrument test berbentuk uraian. Keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan persamaan n-gain dan statistic menggunakan uji paired t-test dan Wilcoxon test dengan bantuan software IBM SPSS versi 23. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pembelajaran inkuiri dengan simulasi PhET berpengaruh signifikan (p < 0,05) terhadap keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa. Hasil analisis peningkatan (n-gain) HOTs siswa juga menunjukkan peningkatan indicator analisis berkategori tinggi (n-gain= 0,8), sedangkan indicator evaluasi dan indicator mencipta berkategori sedang (n-gain= 0,7 dan n-gain= 0,6). Berdasarkan temuan tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran inkuiri dengan simulasi PhET dapat meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa pada materi bentuk dan perubahan energy. Students' Higher Order Thinking Skills in Inquiry Learning with PheT Simulation: Pre-Experimental StudyAbstractThis study aims to identify students' higher order thinking skills (HOTs) with indicators of analysis, evaluation, and creation in inquiry learning with PhET simulation. This research is a pre-experimental with one-group pretest-posttest design involving 32 students as research subjects. Data on students' higher order thinking skills were collected using a test instrument in the form of a description. Students' higher order thinking skills were analyzed descriptively using the n-gain equation and statistically using the paired t-test and Wilcoxon test with the help of IBM SPSS version 23 software. The results showed that inquiry learning with PhET simulation had a significant effect (p < 0.05) on students' higher order thinking skills. The results of the analysis of the increase (n-gain) of students' HOTs also showed an increase in the analytical indicators in the high category (n-gain = 0.8), while the evaluation and creation indicators were in the medium category (n-gain = 0.7 and n-gain = 0, 6). Based on these findings, it can be concluded that inquiry learning with PhET simulation can improve students' higher order thinking skills on the form and change of energy.
I Ketut Sukarma, Ferdian Rizki Sani
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 66-74; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i2.335

Abstract:
Salah satu masalah pembelajaran yang dihadapi siswa SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat khususnya kelas VIIIC semester II adalah pembelajaran yang masih didominasi oleh guru. Siswa hanya mendengakan materi yang disampaikan sehingga siswa kurang berpartisipasi dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, sehingga diperlukan suatu model pembelajaran yang mampu mendorong siswa berperan aktif dalam kegiatan pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan aktivitas dan prestasi belajar siswa melalui penerapan model pembelajaran problem based instruction (pbi). Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilakukan dalam II (dua) siklus dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Penelitian dilakukan pada 35 siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui observasi dan pemberian tes pada akhir siklus menggunakan instrumen lembar observasi kegiatan guru, lembar observasi aktivitas siswa, dan tes prestasi belajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan peningkatan aktivitas dan prestasi belajar siswa pada setiap siklus. Penjelasan terkait peningkatan aktivitas dan prestasi belajar siswa dijelaskan lebih rinci pada artikel ini. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran problem based instruction (pbi) dapat meningkatkan aktivitas dan prestasi belajar siswa kelas VIII semester II SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat pada materi pokok lingkaran. The implementation of problem based instruction (PBI) learning model to increase student activity and learning achievementAbstractOne of the learning problems faced by students of SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat, especially class VIIIC semester II, is that learning is still dominated by teachers. Students only listen to the material presented so that students do not participate in learning activities, so a learning model is needed that is able to encourage students to take an active role in learning activities. This study aims to increase student activity and learning achievement through the application of problem-based instruction (PBI) learning models. This type of research is a classroom action research conducted in II (two) cycles with quantitative and qualitative approaches. The research was conducted on 35 students of class VIII SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat. The research data were collected through observation and giving tests at the end of the cycle using the instrument teacher activity observation sheets, student activity observation sheets, and learning achievement tests. The results showed an increase in student activity and achievement in each cycle. An explanation related to increasing student activity and learning achievement is described in more detail in this article. The conclusion of this study shows that the application of the problem based instruction (pbi) learning model can increase the activity and learning achievement of students of class VIII semester II SMP Negeri 3 Jonggat on the subject matter of the circle.
M. Muhali, Muhammad Asy'Ari
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.473

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa, (2) meningkatkan literasi sains teknologi (LST) siswa, dan (3) mendeskripsikan respon siswa terhadap penerapan pendekatan Sains Teknologi Masyarakat dan Lingkungan (STML) dengan strategi siklus belajar empiris-induktif dalam pembelajaran fisika pada materi rangkaian listrik dan hukum Ohm. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas, yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 (dua) siklus. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas X MAN 3 Lombok Tengah tahun pelajaran 2020/2021 yang berjumlah 45 siswa. Instrument penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa tes hasil belajar, tes literasi sains dan teknologi, dan angket respon. Data penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif kuntitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan pendekatan STML dengan strategi siklus belajar empiris-induktif dapat meningkatkan (1) hasil belajar, (2) LST dan (3) respon posistif siswa berdasarkan tinjauan peningkataan siklus I dan siklus II. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pendekatan STML dengan strategi siklus belajar empiris-induktif dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar, LST, dan respon positif siswa dalam pembelajaran fisika pada materi rangkaian listrik dan hukum Ohm. Application of STML Approach with Empirical-Inductive Learning Cycle Strategy to Improve Student's Learning Outcomes and Science-Technology LiteracyAbstractThis study aimed to (1) improve student learning outcomes, (2) improve students' science technology literacy (LST), and (3) describe student responses to the application of the Community and Environmental Science Technology (STML) approach with an empirical-inductive learning cycle strategy in learning physics on electrical circuit material and Ohm's law. This research is a classroom action research, which is carried out in 2 (two) cycles. The subjects of this study were students of class X MAN 3 Central Lombok in the academic year 2020/2021, totaling 45 students. The research instruments used in this study were learning outcomes tests, scientific and technological literacy tests, and response questionnaires. The research data were analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The results showed that the application of the STML approach with an empirical-inductive learning cycle strategy could improve (1) learning outcomes, (2) LST and (3) students' positive responses based on a review of the improvement in cycle I and cycle II. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the STML approach with the empirical-inductive learning cycle strategy can improve student learning outcomes, LST, and positive responses of students in learning physics on electrical circuits and Ohm's law material.
Helmi Rahmawati, Moh. Supratman, Zema Yuliana Aulan
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 85-94; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i2.599

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengaruh model siklus belajar hipotesis-deduktif terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Sampel penelitian ini melibatkan 66 siswa di dua kelas pada Madrasah Aliyah Darul Mahmudien NW Lombok Tengah sebagai sampel. Kelompok eksperimen (29 siswa) dan kelompok control (37 siswa) dipilih menggunakan teknik cluster random sampling. Data hasil belajar siswa dianalisis sesara statistic menggunakan independent t-test dengan bantuan software IBM SPSS versi 23. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa model siklus belajar hipotesis-deduktif berpengaruh signifikan (p < 0,05) terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa. Temuan tersebut didukung hasil skor rata-rata kelompok eksperimen (mean= 81,0345) yang lebih tinggi dari kelompok control (mean= 76,9730) sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa model siklus belajar hipotesis-deduktif berpengaruh signifikan terhadap hasil belajar matematika siswa. The Effect of Hypothetical-Deductive Learning Cycle Model on Mathematics Learning Outcomes of High School StudentsAbstractThis study aims to describe the effect of the hypothetical-deductive learning cycle model on students' mathematics learning outcomes. This research is a quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest control group design. The sample of this study involved 66 students in two classes at Madrasah Aliyah Darul Mahmudien NW Central Lombok as a sample. The experimental group (29 students) and the control group (37 students) were selected using cluster random sampling technique. Data on student learning outcomes were analyzed statistically using an independent t-test with the help of IBM SPSS version 23 software. The results showed that the hypothesis-deductive learning cycle model had a significant effect (p < 0.05) on students' mathematics learning outcomes. This finding is supported by the average score of the experimental group (mean = 81.0345) which is higher than the control group (mean = 76.9730) so it can be concluded that the hypothetical-deductive learning cycle model has a significant effect on students' mathematics learning outcomes.
Bambang Hariadi, M. J. Dewiyani Sunarto, Tri Sagirani, Tan Amelia, Julianto Lemantara, Binar Kurnia Prahani, Budi Jatmiko
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 63-72; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i2.560

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa SMA berbasis Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) melalui pembudayaan belajar dengan pendekatan blended learning dengan menerapkan model Blended Web Mobile Learning (BWML) dan aplikasi MoLearn. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan yang mengacu pada Generic Design Research Model (GDRM) dari Plomp dan Nieveen. Untuk pengembangan aplikasi MoLearn metode System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) model waterfall digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Penelitian ini meibatkan 205 siswa sebagai subjek penelitiaan. Data penelitian dikumpulkan menggunakan instrument lembar validasi model, angket resposn siswa, dan tes HOTs siswa. Penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan persamaan reliabilitas dan n-gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) model BWML dengan aplikasi MoLearn dinyatakan valid dan reliable berdasarkan tinjauan content dan isi, selain itu, berdasarkan hasil respon 205 siswa terhadap pembelajaran model BWML dengan aplikasi MoLearn, 83% siswa dinyatakan antusias mengikuti pembelajaran; dan (2) peningkatan HOTs siswa dinyatakan meningkat (rerata n-gain= 0,46) dengan kategori sedang. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa model Blended Web Mobile Learning (BWML) dengan aplikasi MoLearn valid, praktis, dan efektif untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa SMA. The Development of the Blended Web Mobile Learning Model with the MoLearn Application to Improve High School Students’ Higher Order Thinking SkillsAbstractThis study aims to improve the learning outcomes of high school students based on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) through the culture of learning with a blended learning approach by applying the Blended Web Mobile Learning (BWML) model and the MoLearn application. This research is a development research that refers to the Generic Design Research Model (GDRM) from Plomp and Nieveen. For the development of the MoLearn application, the Waterfall Model System Development Life Cycle (SDLC) method was used in this study. This study involved 205 students as research subjects. The research data were collected using a model validation sheet instrument, student response questionnaires, and student HOTs tests. The research was analyzed descriptively using the reliability equation and n-gain. The results showed that (1) the BWML model with the MoLearn application was declared valid and reliable based on the content and content review, in addition, based on the results of the responses of 205 students to the BWML model learning with the MoLearn application, 83% of the students were stated to be enthusiastic about participating in the learning; and (2) the increase in students' HOTs was stated to be increasing (mean n-gain = 0.46) in the medium category. The results of this study conclude that the Blended Web Mobile Learning (BWML) model with the MoLearn application is valid, practical, and effective for improving high school students’ higher order thinking skills.
Dorkas Wini Ngailo, Agus Muliadi, Siti Rabiatul Adawiyah, Taufik Samsuri, Armansyah Armansyah
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 19-28; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.583

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan keterampilan sosial dan hasil belajar siswa setelah pembelajaran menggunakan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe (STAD). Posttest control group design digunakan dalam penelitian eksperimen semu ini. Sampel penelitian ini adalah kelas VII A (kelompok eksperimen) dan kelas B (kelompok control) yang dipilih menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah lembar observasi keterlaksanaan RPP, lembar observasi keterampilan sosial, tes hasil belajar kognitif siswa dan lembar validasi soal. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif dan statistic menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keterampilan sosial kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok control berkategori baik. Hasil uji statistic menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara kelompok eksperimen dengan kelompok control (thitung= 1,53 < ttabel= 1,93) meskipun secara deskriptif skor rata-rata hasil belajar kelompok eksperimen lebih baik dari kelompok control (mean= 63,75 vs. mean= 50,52). Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh signifikan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD terhadap keterampilan sosial dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa. The Effect of the STAD Type Cooperative Learning Model on Students' Social Skills and Cognitive Learning OutcomesAbstractThe purpose of this study was to describe social skills and student learning outcomes after learning using the STAD type cooperative learning model. Posttest control group design was used in this quasi-experimental research. The samples of this study were class VII A (experimental group) and class B (control group) which were selected using purposive sampling technique. The instruments used in this study were the lesson plan implementation observation sheet, social skills observation sheet, student cognitive learning outcomes test and question validation sheets. The research data were analyzed descriptively and statistically using t-test. The results showed that the social skills of the experimental group and the control group were categorized as good. The results of the statistical test showed that there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group (tcount= 1.53 < ttable= 1.93) although descriptively the average score of the experimental group's learning outcomes was better than the control group (mean= 63.75 vs. mean = 50.52). This study concludes that there is no significant effect of the STAD type cooperative learning model on social skills and students' cognitive learning outcomes.
M. Muhali, Muhammad Asy'Ari, Roniati Sukaisih
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 51-59; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i2.333

Abstract:
Proses pembelajaran pada peserta didik perlu dilatihkan serangkaian kegiatan yang sangat penting agar pembelajaran dapat berhasil dengan baik. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang kemampuan regulasi kognisi peserta didik dalam pembelajaran dengan model RML (reflective metacognitive learning) dengan fase: (1) refleksi orientasi, (2) refleksi organisasi, (3) refleksi eksekusi, dan (4) refleksi verifikasi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Sampel yang digunakan sebanyak 75 orang peserta didik di tingkat SMA/MA di Lombok Tengah, yang dipilih secara cluster random sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa angket kemampuan regulasi kognisi sebanyak 34 butir pertanyaan/pernyataan yang telah dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Data berupa kemampuan regulasi kognisi peserta didik dianalisis dengan menentukan rata-rata pencapaian setiap peserta didik pada masing-masing sekolah, dan penentuan rata-rata skor pada setiap indikator kemampuan regulasi kognisi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah kemampuan regulasi kognisi peserta didik yang dibelajarkan dengan model RML mencapai kategori baik. Hal ini dilihat dari perolehan rata-rata pada ketiga sekolah sebesar 3,20; 3,18; dan 3,08, perolehan rata-rata setiap indikator pada ketiga sekolah juga berkategori baik dengan skor 3,18 untuk indikator planning; 3,15 untuk idikator information management strategy; 3,16 untuk indikator monitoring ; 3,17 untuk indikator debugging; dan 3,12 untuk indikator evaluation. Dengan demikian, kemampuan regulasi kognisi peserta didik dapat dilatihkan dalam pembelajaran dengan model RML yang menekankan proses refleksi secara sadar melalui: (1) penyajian fenomena kkonflik kognitif, (2) penyajian fenomena anomali, (3) proses internalisasi, (4) penyajian fenomena baru yang terkait dengan konsep yang dibelajarkan. Analysis of Students' Cognition Regulation Ability in LearningAbstractThe learning process in students needs to be trained in a series of activities that are very important so that learning can be successful. The purpose of this study was to obtain an overview of the ability of students to regulate cognition in learning with the RML (reflective metacognitive learning) model with the following phases: (1) orientation reflection, (2) organizational reflection, (3) reflection on execution, and (4) reflection on verification. This research is descriptive research. The sample used was 75 students at the SMA / MA level in Central Lombok, who were selected by cluster random sampling. The instrument used was a questionnaire on the ability to regulate cognition as many as 34 questions / statements that were declared valid and reliable. Data in the form of students' cognitive regulatory abilities were analyzed by determining the average achievement of each student in each school, and determining the average score on each indicator of the cognitive regulatory ability. The results of this study were the ability of students to regulate cognition who learned the RML model reached a good category. This can be seen from the average acquisition of the three schools of 3.20; 3.18; and 3.08, the average acquisition of each indicator in the three schools was also in the good category with a score of 3.18 for the planning indicator; 3.15 for the information management strategy indicator; 3.16 for monitoring indicators; 3.17 for debugging indicators; and 3.12 for indicator evaluation. Thus, the ability of students to regulate cognition can be trained in learning with the RML model which emphasizes the process of conscious reflection through: (1) presenting cognitive conflict phenomena, (2) presenting anomalous phenomena, (3) internalizing processes, (4) presenting new phenomena which is related to the concept being learned.
Purnawati Purnawati, Any Fatmawati, Safnowandi Safnowandi, Siti Murdiyah
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 20-27; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.603

Abstract:
Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan asesmen kinerja dalam meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa kelas VII MTs Darul Hikmah Darek. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 20 siswa kelas VII MTs Darul Hikmah Darek. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) dengan menggunakan dua siklus. Data keterampilan proses sains dikumpulkan menggunakan instrument lembar observasi, sedangkan hasil belajar kognitif siswa dikumpulkan menggunakan instrument tes dengan 20 item soal. Keterlaksanaan pembelajaran juga diukur dalam penelitian ini menggunakan lembar observasi keterlaksanaan (RPP). Data penelitianian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) keterlaksanaan RPP pada siklus I mencapai 68% dengan kategori baik, sedangkan pada siklus II mencapai 100% dengan kategori sangat baik; (2) keterampilan proses sains pada siklus I mencapai 55% dengan kategori cukup tinggi, dan pada siklus II mencapai 75% dengan kategori tinggi; dan (3) skor rata-rata hasil belajar kognitif siswa pada siklus I mencapai 66 dengan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 40%, sedangkan siklus II mencapai 77 dengan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 90%. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan asesmen kinerja dapat meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar kognitif siswa pada kelas VII MTs Darul Hikmah Darek. The Implementation of Performance Assessment in Biology Practicum Activities to Improve Students' Science Process Skills and Cognitive Learning OutcomesAbstractThe purpose of this study was to describe the implementation of performance assessment in improving science process skills and cognitive learning outcomes of seventh grade students of MTs Darul Hikmah Darek. The subjects of this study were 20 grade VII students of MTs Darul Hikmah Darek. This research is a classroom action research (CAR) using two cycles. Science process skills data were collected using an observation sheet instrument, while students' cognitive learning outcomes were collected using a test instrument with 20 items of questions. The implementation of learning was also measured in this study using the implementation observation sheet (RPP). The researcch data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed (1) the implementation of the lesson plans in the first cycle reached 68% in the good category, while in the second cycle it reached 100% in the very good category; (2) science process skills in the first cycle reached 55% in the fairly high category, and in the second cycle it reached 75% in the high category; and (3) the average score of students' cognitive learning outcomes in the first cycle reached 66 with classical completeness of 40%, while the second cycle reached 77 with classical completeness of 90%. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the implementation of performance assessments can improve science process skills and cognitive learning outcomes of students in class VII MTs Darul Hikmah Darek.
Yuli Anggraini Putri, Hulyadi Hulyadi, Dahlia Rosma Indah
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 28-36; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.264

Abstract:
Pupuk organic cair merupakan pupuk yang berupa larutan dari hasil pembusukan bahan-bahan organik. Kombinasi whey tahu dan limbah jamur merang dengan penambahan starter mikroorganisme lokal (MOL) dapat diolah menjadi pupuk organik cair mengandung makro nutrient Kalium (K-total). Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kandungan kalium optimum pada pupuk organik cair whey tahu dengan penambahan limbah jamur merang dan mikroorganisme lokal (MOL). Metode penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian eksperimen di laboratorium dengan menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan dua: faktor 1 massa limbah jamur merang (Limbah jamur merang lama 600 gr dan limbah jamur merang baru 600 gr) dan faktor 2 volume pupuk organik cair (masing-masing 1L). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kandungan K-total tinggi terdapat pada perlakuan POC + LB yaitu 1,05%. The effect of the addition of mushroom waste media in liquid organic fertilizer to the concentration of cassava AbstractLiquid organic fertilizer is a fertilizer in the form of a solution from the decay of organic matter. The combination of whey tofu and mushroom waste with the addition of local microorganism starter (MOL) can be processed into liquid organic fertilizer containing macro-nutrient potassium (K-total). The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum potassium content in the liquid organic fertilizer of whey tofu with the addition of mushroom waste and local microorganisms (MOL). This research method used experimental research in the laboratory using the Completely Randomized Design (CRD) method with two: a factor of 1 mass of mushroom waste (600 gr old mushroom waste and 600 gr new mushroom waste) and a factor of 2 volume of liquid organic fertilizer (each -Each 1L). The results showed that the high total K content found in the POC + LB treatment was 1.05%.
Abdul Rais Nur, Saiful Prayogi, Muhammad Asy'Ari, Muhali Muhali
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.260

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik perangkat pembelajaran berbasis Problem Based Learning (PBL) dengan pendekatan konflik kognitif untuk membelajarkan kemampuan metakognisi siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa lembar validasi untuk mengevaluasi produk yang dihasilkan berupa silabus, rencana pembelajaran, lembar kegiatan siswa, dan tes pengetahuan metakognisi. Produk yang dihasilkan divalidasi oleh tiga validator ahli dan satu praktisi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan rerata skor yang diberikan validator. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produk yang dikembangkan berupa silabus, rencana pembelajaran, lembar kegiatan siswa, dan tes pengetahuan metakognisi dinyatakan valid baik secara isi maupun konstruk sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran berbasis PBL dengan pendekatan konflik kognitif valid untuk membelajarkan kemampuan metakognisi. The validity of PBL based learning tools with cognitive conflict approaches to teach metacognition abilitiesAbstractThe purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of Problem Based Learning (PBL) based learning tools with a cognitive conflict approach to teach students metacognition abilities. This research is descriptive research. The instrument used in this study was a validation sheet to evaluate the resulting products in the form of a syllabus, lesson plans, student activity sheets, and tests of metacognition knowledge. The resulting products were validated by three expert validators and one practitioner. Data were analyzed descriptively using the mean score given by the validator. The results showed that the products developed in the form of syllabus, learning plans, student activity sheets, and metacognition knowledge tests were declared valid both in content and construct, so it can be concluded that PBL-based learning tools with cognitive conflict approaches are valid for teaching metacognition abilities.
Khairunnisah Khairunnisah, I Wayan Karmana, Iwan Doddy Dharmawibawa, Moch. Haikal, Safrudin M. Abidin
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 29-39; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i1.536

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan implementasi model pembelajaran Course Review Horay berbantuan media torso biologi dalam meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 13 Mataram. Penilitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 siklus. Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIIB yang berjumlah 40 siswa. Instrument yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah lembar observasi keterlaksanaan RPP, angket, dan tes hasil belajar siswa. Data penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan rata-rata skor motivasi 73,15 pada siklus I dengan kriteria baik menjadi 75,14 dengan kriteria baik pada siklus II. Selain itu, terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa, di mana, siklus I mencapai 72,5% dan meningkat menjadi 87,5% pada siklus II. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model Course Review Horay berbantuan media torso biologi dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 13 Mataram. The Implementation Course Review Horay Learning Model assisted by Torso Biology Media to Improve Students’ Motivation and Learning OutcomesAbstractThis study aims to describe the implementation of course review horay learning model assisted by biological torso media in improving motivation and learning outcomes for seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 13 Mataram. This research is a classroom action research conducted in 2 cycles. The subjects of this study were students of class VIIB, totaling 40 students. The instrument used in this study was an observation sheet on the implementation of lesson plans, questionnaires, and student learning outcomes tests. The research data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed an increase in the average motivation score of 73.15 in the first cycle with good criteria to 75.14 with good criteria in the second cycle. In addition, there was an increase in student learning outcomes, where the first cycle reached 72.5% and increased to 87.5% in the second cycle. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the implementation of course review horay model assisted by biological torso media can improve students’ motivation and learning outcomes in seventh grade of SMP Negeri 13 Mataram.
Ayouvi Wardhanie, Sri Hariani Eko Wulandari
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 47-52; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i2.557

Abstract:
This study aims to explore the strategy of gaining user trust in a crowdsourcing startup based on the Desirability Business Model. This study may uncover the user trust of crowdsourcing startup which may help startup enhancing engagement and participation from crowd. The difficulties in crowdsourcing is engage user to stay with application for a long time, so this study try to help startup finding indicators to gain user trust. This paper first propose a model to depict the effect of four parameter of Desirability Business Model with User Trust, which may influence Gojek users, then using Stratified Random Sampling Technique with a total sample of 97 people which are the subject is the society in Surabaya that in a month is at least 2 times and a maximum of more than 10 times using the Go Ride application on the Gojek company. The data collection used a questionnaire distributed through google form and social media such as Line and WhatsApp, while for the tabulation stage, it will be processed using Smart PLS-SEM. The results of this study show that of the four indicators in the Desirability Business Model variable only two indicators have a positive effect on user trust firstly, Value Proposition consisting of Performance, Design, Accessibility, Convenience, Risk Reduction, Cost Reduction and Newness then secondly, Channels consisting of Awareness, Evaluation, Purchase and After Sales. To gain user trust on the crowdsourcing startup, business owners can focus on two things firstly, provide beneficial value of the product or service offered to the user and secondly, design channel which can make business communicates with its users to convey a value proposition.
Muhali Muhali, Muhammad Asy'Ari, Roniati Sukaisih
Empiricism Journal, Volume 2, pp 73-84; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v2i2.594

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas model pembelajaran inquiry terintegrasi laboratorium virtual terhadap pemahaman konsep dan keterampilan metakognitif siswa. Quasi eksperimen dengan nonequivalent control group design digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 56 siswa yang terbagi ke dalam 2 (dua) kelas parallel yang dipilih menggunakan cluster random sampling technique. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa tes pemahaman konsep dan instrumen lembar penilaian (LP) keterampilan metakognitif yangtelah dinyatakan valid dan reliabel. Data penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan persamaan n-gain dan statistic dengan bantuan software IBM SPSS 23 Version. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman konsep siswa pada kelompok eksperimen (mean= 79,19; n-gain= 0,76 dengan kategori tinggi) lebih baik dari kelompok kontrol (mean= 43,08; n-gain= 0,36 dengan kategori sedang) dan berbeda secara signifikan (p < 0.05). Keterampilan metakognitif siswa menunjukkan hal serupa, kelompok eksperimen (pertemuan I= 54,69 (pertemuan II= 67,86; pertemuan III= 79,24) ditemukan lebih baik dari kelompok control (pertemuan I= 46,09; pertemuan II= 53,01; dan pertemuan III= 55,13). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan model pembelajaran inquiry terbimbing terintegrasi laboratorium virtual efektif dalam meningkatkan pemahaman konsep dan keterampilan metakognitif siswa dalam pembelajaran kimia materi larutan penyangga. Virtual Laboratory Integrated Guided Inquiry Learning Model to Improve Students' Concept Understanding and Metacognitive SkillsAbstractThis study aims to determine the effectiveness of the virtual laboratory integrated guided-inquiry learning model on students' concept understanding and metacognitive skills. Quasi experimental with nonequivalent control group design was used in this study. The sample of this study was 56 students who were divided into 2 (two) parallel classes which were selected using the cluster random sampling technique. The instruments used were in the form of a concept understanding test and a metacognitive skill assessment sheet (LP) which had been declared valid and reliable. The research data were analyzed descriptively using the n-gain equation and statisticaly with the help of IBM SPSS 23 Version software. The results showed that students' concept understanding in the experimental group (mean = 79.19; n-gain = 0.76 in the high category) was better than the control group (mean = 43.08; n-gain = 0.36 in the medium category) and significantly different (p < 0.05). Students’ Metacognitive skills showed the same thing, the experimental group (meeting I = 54.69; meeting II = 67.86; meeting III = 79.24) was found to be better than the control group (meeting I = 46.09; meeting II = 53, 01, and meeting III = 55.13). The results showed that the virtual laboratory integrated guided-inquiry learning model was effective in improving students’ concept understanding and metacognitive skills in buffer solution chemistry learning subject.
Roniati Sukaisih, Muhali Muhali, Muhammad Asy'Ari
Empiricism Journal, Volume 1, pp 37-50; https://doi.org/10.36312/ej.v1i1.329

Abstract:
Pembelajaran saat ini menekankan siswa untuk mampu belajar dengan menerapkan keterampilan–keterampilan berpikir abad 21 sesuai tuntutan kurikulum 2013 maupun edisi revisi seperti berpikir kritis dan metakognisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa dalam pembelajaran fisika melalui implementasi model pemecahan masalah dengan strategi konflik kognitif. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas, yang terdiri dari tiga siklus pembelajaran, dan setiap siklus meliputi empat tahapan yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, evaluasi, dan refleksi. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada 25 siswa kelas XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan berupa (1) lembar observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran, (2) tes uraian kemampuan berpikir kritis sebanyak 4 (empat) soal, dan (3) lembar penilaian keterampilan metakognisi siswa yang telah dinyatakan valid. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keteralaksanaan pembelajaran untuk setiap siklus dinyatakan baik, sehingga berdampak pada aktivitas metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis yang berkategori baik. berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa implementasi model pemecahan masalah dengan strategi konflik kognitif dapat meningkatkan keterampilan metakognisi dan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa kelas XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah
Improving students' metacognition and critical thinking skills through problem-solving learning models with conflict-cognitive strategies
Abstract: Current learning emphasizes students to be able to learn by applying 21st century thinking skills according to the demands of the 2013 curriculum and revised editions such as critical thinking and metacognition. This study aims to improve students' metacognition skills and critical thinking skills in learning physics through the implementation of problem-solving models with cognitive conflict strategies. This research is a classroom action research, which consists of three learning cycles, and each cycle includes four stages, namely planning, implementing, evaluating, and reflecting. The research was conducted on 25 students of class XI MAN 3 Lombok Tengah. The research instrument used in the form of (1) learning implementation observation sheet, (2) 4 (four) test questions on critical thinking skills, and (3) students' metacognition skill assessment sheet that has been declared valid. The research data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the implementation of learning for each cycle was declared good, so that it had an impact on metacognition activities and critical thinking skills which were stated to increase each cycle. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the implementation of problem solving models with cognitive conflict strategies can improve metacognition skills and critical thinking skills of class XI students of MAN 3 Lombok Tengah.
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