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Dinara Ryspayeva, Gulnara Akhmetova, Gulsaule Kairat, Aidana Ashimova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 560-565;

This study presents the nominations of the emotional concept "fear" on the material of the Kazakh and English languages. The means of linguistic representation of the concept are analyzed on the basis of the definitions of the main lexemes in explanatory dictionaries, dictionaries of synonyms and examples from fiction. Comparative analysis of the concept identifies the national-cultural specifics and peculiarities of the perception of the concept. Lexical means of nomination in the Kazakh and English languages reflect physiological processes at the moment of experiencing the emotion, the reasons, intensity and subsequent emotional state of a person. The relevance of this research is determined by the modern general theoretical problems of linguistics, its interest in the problems of the interaction of language, thinking and culture, also by the focus on the study of fragments of the picture of the world through their linguistic representations. Fear is one of the basic emotional concepts that make up the core of the linguistic worldview. Basic emotions are universal, so are emotional concepts. However, emotional concepts are characterized by national and cultural specificity, which is reflected in the semantic differentiation associated with the assessment and comprehension of the people. Research prospects consist in further study of the structure and semantics of the concept “fear” (“қорқыныш/ fear”), in a more in-depth study of complex studies of the concept's verbalization in linguistic consciousness.
Soumela Georgiadou, Makrina Zafiri
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 550-559;

The present study aims to examine the effectiveness of YouTube videos in the oracy skills of a young learner through the implementation of differentiated instruction. The research which was conducted was a case study and qualitative data were collected through the use of semi-structured interviews. Action research was also conducted through a series of ten YouTube-video based lessons grounded with the principles of differentiated instruction. The efficiency of the methods and approaches which were implemented were verified by the results of the pre- and post-listening and speaking test that was applied before and after the intervention of the ten lessons. To triangulate the study, qualitative research was conducted in the form of semi-structured interviews to the student and his mother before and after the intervention. The findings showed that there was an improvement in the student’s performance as regards the listening, the speaking, and the grammar-lexis structure skills.
Dımıtrıos Poimenidis, Georgıa IOANNİDOU, Sofia Poimenidou
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 542-549;

The general objective of advanced countries is sustainable development, as a current and future issue, while the indicators that mark the degree of success in this direction depend on a wide range of social, economic, and political processes and decisions. For these reasons, a field study was conducted concerning adultsin Rhodes’sarea duringNovember and December 2020. It was implemented with the use of a structured closed-ended questionnaire and sent to 460 adults by e-mail. The sample of the study consists of 159 participants, who sufficiently completed the data investigations. The questions were about demographicswith the selection of distinct answers, and Likert-scale answers. Using the statistical tool SPSS 23, data from the study were collected which are presented as percentage and on average answers. The findings suggest to a great extent the human impact onthe current social and environmental issues. Concurrently, the high degree of their significance in the modern world and their negative impactin the ecosphere are accurately indicated in the study; issues that arehighlighted in the international bibliography. At the same time, the study shows that the participants have an extensive knowledge of the current issues, and it highlights the Mass Media’s crucial role as source of information in encouraging knowledge about environmental concerns. Financial incentives, the implementation of training courses for adults, the essential requirements to ensure products meet high health, safety and environmental standards are additional measures taken to lessen the human impact on the physical environment. Taking individual responsibility, limiting the production, consumption and waste management are key elements in redefining the citizens’ environmentally responsible behavior and work towards strengthening the conditions for the implementation of key processes for sustainable development.
Paula Crespí, Jesús Rodríguez, Jorge López, Belén Obispo
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 532-541;

Integral formation is undoubtedly one of the great pretensions of higher education in the 21st century. By integral education we understand that which is directed at the whole person, and which aims at the harmonious development of all their dimensions and faculties. This education, which places the student at the centre, making them the protagonist of his learning, is designed so that each student discovers and carries out their own life project. A relevant contribution to integral education is the development of cardinal virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance) through competency-based learning. This study presents the design of a measurement instrument on personal competences, based on cardinal virtues and whose purpose is to measure the degree of development of the undergraduate's integral formation. Accordingly, each item of the questionnaire measures the self-perception of development of some of the transversal competences linked to cardinal virtues. The competences measured are critical thinking, decision-making, resilience, proactivity, self-improvement, emotional management, servant leadership and teamwork. The questionnaire was subjected to expert validation. The main results confirm that the questionnaire reaches an acceptable level of interjudge agreement, although minor changes suggested by experts are introduced. Thus, it can be concluded that this study presents a relevant questionnaire to measure the self-perception of the development of some competences associated with cardinal virtues that contributes to the integral formation of undergraduates. In this sense, this questionnaire may be useful for university community since it allows to test among students whether the curricula are acceptable in terms of integral formation.
Tarhata S. Guiamalon, And Pembain G. Hariraya
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 391-399;

The implementation of the K-12 Senior High School program makes Filipino students competitive globally. On this premise, a study to assess the K-12 Senior High School program of Laboratory High School (LHS) of Cotabato City State Polytechnic College (CCSPC). Also, it explored the resources, teachers' instructional practices, the attainment of the objectives of the program, and the challenges encountered in the implementation. It employed descriptive-evaluative design. It administered survey questionnaires to 202 total number of respondents composed of 169 senior high school students who were chosen randomly and 30 teachers, including three staff, who were selected using Complete Total Enumeration. It was conducted last school year 2019-2020. Results revealed that services and resources evidently provided. The teachers of the LHS have evidently practiced the instructional practices in terms of teaching strategies, classroom management, and assessment of learning. Considering the findings it was concluded that Despite the big class size and with faculty possess degrees appropriate and relevant to the high school program and other qualifications, the LHS maintains its public image of excellence in both curricular and extracurricular activities in which have been a sign that instructional supervision of the Laboratory High School is of a high standard.
Rehab Ragab Mahmoud Hassaan
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 371-390;

The Objective of the current study is to investigate effectiveness of using distance e-learning in developing creativity abilities and attitude toward distance e-learning in Fashion Design (2) course for Nizwa University students. The significance of the study represents in reviewing one of the experiences of distance e-learning at the beginning of pandemic, to find out the positive aspects and try to identify the shortcomings with a view to controlling them in the future. The study sample consisted of (20) students specialized into one experimental group from Nizwa University-Sultanate of Oman- College of Arts and Sciences- Department of Education and Humanities Culture- Fine Arts Program- Fashion Design Major. The study also aims to show the capabilities provided by the University of Nizwa which aided in teaching process in conditions of home quarantine. Study instruments include 1-skills achievements test, 2-Students’ designs rating scale, 3-scale of students’ attitude toward distance learning. The author followed the one group experimental approach methodology. The content of Fashion Design (2) course was analyzed to determine the five creativity dimensions/abilities included in practical and theoretical frameworks (fluency- flexibility- originality- elaboration- sensitivity). The instruments of current study were applied using a pre-post design on the study sample and appropriate statistical procedures were used. The results of the study indicated the effectiveness of using distance e-learning in developing creativity dimensions and attitude toward distance learning in Fashion Design “2” course for Nizwa University students of the experimental group at favor of post-test. The results also showed positive and sufficient capabilities provided by the University of Nizwa in teaching the fashion design course depending on Eduwave and Moodle management learning systems and finding out some teaching problems addressed in the body of the study.
Fatema Salim Matar Marzuqi
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 169-186;

This quantitative study aimed at analyzing the factors underlying the functional design of the teachers of educational institutions in the Al Batinah Governorate, north of the Sultanate of Oman. The problem lies in the lack of adoption of modern trends and developments by those involved in job design, which has negatively affected organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and the obstacles to job satisfaction and organizational commitment are still many. Therefore, the study aimed to diagnose levels of job design, job satisfaction and job commitment. It also aimed to analyze the effect of job design on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of male and female teachers. The researcher used the descriptive and analytical approach, which is based on collecting data on job design and related elements and measuring the correlations between the variables of the independent and dependent study. A questionnaire was designed consisting of (45) phrases distributed in three axes. A stratified random sample of (300) male and female teachers was selected. The researcher used the descriptive analysis method and the multivariate analysis of variance. The results of the study showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between the job design factors and the factors of job satisfaction and organizational commitment of male and female teachers. The study recommended activating and practicing freedom of performance indicators by male and female teachers as a basic functional factor affecting organizational satisfaction and commitment. The study also recommended the necessity of laying down correct foundations for the promotions system to enhance satisfaction.
Ahmed Mohammed Al-Kharousi, Adnan Salim Al-Abed
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 187-196;

This study aimed at investigating the impact of a problem-solving based program on mathematical problem-solving among 10th-grade students due to the variance of their mathematical self-concept. The purposive sample of this study consisted of (89) male and female students from Wadi Bani Kharous Basic Education School and Om Hakeem Basic Education School at Sultanate of Oman. The sample was divided into an experimental group, which consisted of (48) students, and the control group consisted of (41) students. The instructional materials of Polynomial and Algebraic Functions Unit and Trigonometric Functions Unit for Grade 10th were designed based on the problem-solving program. The problem-solving test and mathematical self-concept scale were developed, and both were valid and reliable. The findings showed that: there were significant statistical differences in the mathematical problem-solving test in favor of the experimental group. The findings indicated that the significant statistical differences in the mathematical problem-solving test are due to the mathematical self-concept and the absence of statistically significant differences in the mathematical problem-solving test is due to the interaction between teaching methods and mathematical self-concept in light of the findings, the study suggested some crucial recommendations including the importance of enriching mathematics curricula with mathematical problem-solving strategies and having professional development workshops to train teachers on how to use mathematical problem-solving strategies and urge them to use these strategies in teaching Mathematics
Huda Khasib Hamdan AL Fazari, Mohammad Najib Jaffar
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 251-266;

This qualitative study aimed to diagnose the applying of electronic evaluation tools in the social studies subject in Al-Batinah South schools, through the social studies teachers' perspectives. The problem has arisen in the lack of electronic calendar tools applications, due to the lack of capabilities of the parameters in the application of electronic calendar tools, due to the weakness of the infrastructure, which is related to the telecommunications and networks sector. The objectives of the study: To diagnose the electronic evaluation tools that are applied, the electronic programs used in those applications, with an indication of the advantages of the application and the applications' challenges. The study adopted the qualitative approach, the size of the study population reached (15) schools, and a sample of (15) social studies teachers who attended practical training for continuous electronic evaluation programs were selected, where individual interviews were conducted with them. Data was analyzed using the content analysis method. After analyzing the results of the interviews, the following results were reached: From the tools applied by social studies teachers, to evaluate students ’learning, electronic assignments, short questions, electronic tests, from the programs used in the application of tools Google drive, Zid jard, Padelt, as well as the advantages of applying tools. Electronic calendar, as the teachers affirmed the students ’desire to interact with applications of electronic assessment tools and the interactive solution, follow-up of student achievement, statistical analysis of student results, and reveal weaknesses and goals that students did not achieve. As for the challenges that teachers faced, they were the lack of computers, the weakness of the network while performing tests and interactive activities, the students ’lack of experience in dealing with these programs. The study recommended continuing to apply electronic calendar tools for their importance in e-learning. They are considered appropriate tools for evaluation in the digital age, and they can be used to avoid students interrupting direct education during crises.
Tarik Hamood Rashid Al-Kharusi, Dawood Abdulmalik Al-Hidabi, Muhammad Ibrahim Al-Safasefa
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 267-283;

This quantitative study discusses the level of professionalism maturity of students at Sultan Qaboos University in the Sultanate of Oman. The problem is that the lack of professional maturity makes the student hesitant, to chooses the specialization randomly or according to the parents or teachers' opinion, regardless of his inclinations, capabilities, future planning and what the labor market requires. Which leads to a change of specialization, delay in graduation or quit the university. Therefore, the study aimed to diagnose the level of professional maturity of first-year students, and the effect of the gender (male / female) variables, and Faculty (human / scientific). To achieve the objectives the descriptive and analytical method was used. The data collection was based on the (Crates) scale for the maturity of the professional tendency, that was applied on a sample of (328) male and female students. The findings revealed that: The level of maturity of the professional direction was average on the scale as a whole, the field of independence ranked first, the assurance came second, while interest in professional decision-making came last. There were statistically significant differences in the maturity of the occupational orientation attributed to the gender variable; where the differences appeared statistically significant in the area of interest only in favor of males.
Al Maqhousi Rashid Saif Rashid, Arifin Mama
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 232-250;

This article discusses the patterns of brain thinking according to (Ned Hermann) among post-basic education students in the South Sharqiyah Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman and it is part of a field study conducted by the researcher in government schools affiliated with the Ministry of Education in the Sultanate of Oman. The research problem lies in the lack of awareness among students of post-basic education in the Governorate of South Sharqiya in the Sultanate of Oman of the importance of knowing their thinking patterns in the close relationship between him and his academic achievement, and thus choosing a major in a way that is consistent with his thinking style. And therefore his inability to complete the study normally or lose the opportunity to learn. Therefore, it constituted a very important problem that deserves study and research. Therefore, the study aimed at identifying the brainstorming patterns according to (Ned Herman) among post-basic education students in the Governorate of South Al Sharqiyah in the Sultanate of Oman, and to answer the study question, the researcher used the descriptive analytical method to identify the brainstorming patterns according to (Ned Hermann) among post-basic education students. By selecting a random sample of (654) male and female students for the academic year 2020-2021 AD, the results showed that of the students constituting (11.16%) of the total of the actual sample, they have a secondary preference for patterns, as for the basic patterns, the degree of students' ownership of the patterns varied Between having only one pattern, and some having all four patterns(A-B-C-D), and the results indicate that the prevailing pattern among students is their possession of all four types (A-B-C-D), and what constitutes (39.3%), and the lowest pattern is the pattern that combines (B-D) with a rate of (0.76%). The results also showed on the level of the number of patterns that type (A) came first at the level of monotypes.
Adil Mohammed Nasser Alkindi, Dawood Abdulmalek Al-Hidabi, Ahmad Jumaa Al-Riymi
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 197-215;

This research paper is part of an extensive study conducted by the researcher on parental treatment methods and its relationship to irrational thoughts and future anxiety among a sample of students with hearing impairment. Many of the hearing impaired suffer from some problems that hinder the process of their proper integration with society. As a result of irrational thoughts that cause anxiety in the future, pushing the owner into a state of confusion, pessimism, anticipation of disasters, loss of a sense of security, and fear of family, social and economic problems. Therefore, the study aimed: to diagnose the level of prevalence of future anxiety among students with hearing impairment, and to discuss the relationship between parenting methods as perceived by students with disabilities and the level of prevalence of future anxiety they have. The study adopted the relational descriptive approach. The study population consisted of (100) male and female students at Al-Amal School for grades (7-12), which was adopted as a sample for the study. The researcher built a measure of future anxiety from (21) statements distributed in three dimensions: the health personality, the social family, and the professional economic. The statistical methods that were used: Descriptive analysis, and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results showed: that the level of future anxiety among students with hearing impairment was low. The health personal dimension obtained the highest averages, the social, family dimension, and finally the professional economic dimension.
Salwa Khalifa Hamed Alwahshi, Nik Ahmed Hisham, Fatmir Sheikho
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 216-231;

The objectives of this study is to investigate the students’ challenges and problem at Sultan Qaboos University, the impacts of those challenges and problems on students' lives, and setting up a group counseling program to treat those problems that students face at the university and provide them with the necessary skills. The sample space of this inquiry is confined to members of the student counseling center at SQU. The study employs qualitative and quantitative research methodology to define the research problem. The data is collected using an interview tool, where the researcher has interviews with counselors and four students at the student counseling center, as well as interviews with four psychologists. The analysis deployed in the discussion tries to relate the data and its findings to the hypothesis of the thesis. The study analysis shows several problems and challenges facing students of SQU and reveals its clear impacts on students' expectations during university years, and their future as well. Consequently, the finding shows that students of SQU face many psychological, academic, social, and financial challenges at the university. Also, the study indicates those students' challenges during university life. The students most exposed to pressures and challenges are those of the foundation year. The study also revealed that one of the most important challenges that students face is the academic life and compatibility with the university’s academic system, and adaptation to university life, which has emerged as the biggest psychological problems that students facing. The results show the transportation problem as a challenge student face when joining the university. The interviews conducted by the researcher show the importance of expectations in students' lives, as they are the ones that motivate and push students to achieve their goals. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher establishes a set of recommendations, the most important of which is to design a proposed counseling program for the student counseling center of SQU to provide students with the necessary skills that help in coping with their daily problems and challenges that they may face in the future, thus contributing to reducing those challenges impacts on their future expectations.
Mohammad A. N. Al-Azawi
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 146-152;

This study sheds light on risks pertaining to interruptions disturbing the continuity of the course of higher academic education and the inability of students to attend regular classes for any reasons that may occur. Further enquiry is conducted as to how the institution can be equipped in lieu of the occurrence of such incidents. As there is some kind of ambiguity between Emergency Remote Teaching (ERT), distance learning, and e-learning; the study attempts to provide detailed information about e-learning mechanisms, dimensions, and strategies. Furthermore, it links them with emergency remote teaching (ERT) to give a clearer picture of the possible transition strategies to ERT. The focus is on presenting a discursive analysis of the best practices that need to be considered when transitioning to ERT and highlighting the challenges and risks that one may face during the switching process. Parts of the hypothesis presented in this research are supported by empirical results obtained from collecting responses and data from various stakeholders.
Esther Ololade Adekunle, Olaniyi Trust Ayodele, Tayo Ola George
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 160-168;

Over the years, education has been a source of sustainable development in many countries in the world. Unfortunately, even though it is a potent weapon for measuring a country's development, it has suffered setbacks resulting in poor quality education. Quality Education is a significant prerequisite for developing every country's one of the United Nations' sustainable development goals. According to the United Nations, every child is entitled to quality and accessible education equipped with skills useful for their future development. For a child to enjoy quality education regarding the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, technology is necessary. Technology in education has helped solve many problems, making life-learning processes enjoyable and exciting for every child to learn. The adoption of technology in education comes with many advantages embedded in improving communication and research. However, some challenges have affected easy access to learning, which has led to low participation in educational activities. This study embraces the Modernization theory, which talks about the description and explanation of transformation processes from a simple traditional society to a more complex modern society in all spheres of life. Hence, this paper seeks to examine the challenges and impacts of technological advancement in education in Nigeria.
Svetlana V. Lezhenina, Nadezhda V. Shuvalova, Ansell Lammert, Venera P. Akimova, Marina N. Grigorieva, Roman S. Matveev, Mikchail O. Basov, Alla S. Pavlovskaya
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 132-136;

One problem with teaching higher educational institutions by university professors is that the educator spends most of the time on their own scientific activities to the detriment of the pedagogical orientation of the learning process and methodology. In addition, the requirements for research and publication activity are constantly increasing, and we often encounter the concentration of teachers' attention on a scientific orientation. As a result these teachers sometimes neglect the very process of teaching students, which leads to the loss of the importance of the pedagogical component of the educational process. The overall nature of the problem lies in the importance of teaching in universities, where teaching is considered a priority activity comparable to science and research. Therefore, in our environment, we can observe a gradually increasing offer of programs to strengthen the pedagogical competencies of teachers. In this article, we decided to focus on the pedagogical component of the educational process of teachers of higher educational institutions of the Chuvash Republic and their participation in the educational program. Purpose of the study: analyze how university teachers perceive and evaluate their pedagogical competencies, that is, how university teachers perceive themselves as a teacher and at the same time how they evaluate professional development programs that are focused on systematic improvement of the level of pedagogical competencies. The research problem lies in the dilemma between the pedagogical development of university teachers (participation in professional development programs) and the concentration on the research component of teaching. The central point of this entire study is the perception of their own pedagogical development by the university teachers themselves and the assessment of the quality of professional development programs. We chose to conduct detailed interviews with 25 teachers from the Chuvash State University of the Chuvash Republic as the central method for data collection. The respondents perceive other university professors not only as scientific experts in their discipline, but also as teachers capable of providing high-quality teaching. At the same time, none of the respondents called themselves a scientific expert in their field. All respondents would like to reduce the scientific component in their pedagogical work, leaving it for some specialized scientific centers. Also, all respondents would like to pay more attention to the very pedagogical process of teaching students - transferring knowledge, communicating with students or teaching students logical thinking, and forming high-quality professional competencies in their pupils. They also pointed out that attempting to save time in the learning process of students forms a "time bomb”, which will further negatively affect the socio-cultural development of society. Most of the respondents believe that the best way to develop their pedagogical competencies is to regularly communicate with their mentors - more professionally competent people. They do not believe that the use of advanced training programs is so important.
Oprea Ionuț Mihai
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 142-145;

One of the most important elements of personality development lies outside the formal studies. The training period in the educational process is short, compared to the time spent outside it, during the life of an adult. For most adults, school is left behind, with the focus on work. In turn, jobs require continuous adaptation, but of different intensity and variability. Depending on the job selected, an adult who ends period of compulsory education, but also those who complete undergraduate studies, even post-graduate, face a matter of ability to learn to adapt to different environments which last a lifetime. The problem is even bigger, as studying in specialized environments involves excessively high expenses, which the vast majority of the population cannot afford. In this context, the solution could be guided self-education. Self-education is the process by which information, skills and new abilities are obtained, through one's own efforts, outside the institutionalized education system. The purpose of this study is to describe a number of elements necessary for self-education, to be conceptualized, organized, implemented and supported, not only during a short period of time and limited to a minimum number of purposes, but to be implemented as a long-term process. The principles described would be useful in the context of avoiding or resolving any cases, but also to maximize the results of the self-education process.
Dimitrios Matzanos, Yota Xanthacou
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 153-159;

Cultural heritage is one of the key elements of a region's identity and local culture can be an important asset in an effort to highlight and promote a region with the ultimate goal of sustainable development and prosperity of the local community. Local festivals and celebrations contribute to reducing tensions, overcoming dividing lines, developing reciprocity and respect for diversity. They give participants the opportunity to create bonds of contact and communication, create a "sense of belonging", cross borders and dividing lines, fight social exclusion, are the right cohesive web for strong social cohesion. The role of local festivals and fests in the economic, social and cultural sustainability of communities has been highlighted in the international literature. During the summer of 2020, all festivals and local celebrations throughout Greece were suspended due to the Covid pandemic 19. The new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) appeared and spread in Greece from February 26, 2020 onwards. After the confirmation of the first three cases in Greece, on February 27, 2020, all the carnival events in the country were canceled and on March 10, it was decided to close all the educational structures, all the levels of the country. On March 13, the service of cafes, bars, museums, shopping malls, sports facilities and restaurants will be suspended and on March 16, all shops will be closed, while it was decided to suspend all functions of every denomination and religion. On July 13 2020, it was decided to temporarily ban until July 31, the holding of festivals or other similar public open events of local or non-local character by private or non-private organizations. A new ministerial decision extends the ban from August 1 to August 31, 2020. The present research aims to detect and record the views of representatives of cultural institutions and citizens of the island of Rhodes regarding the cancellation of all local celebrations and festivals in Greece due to the pandemic of Covid 19, as well as the consequences in the economic, social and cultural field in local communities. It was a field research and the island of Rhodes in Greece was selected as a case study. It took place between October and November 2020, before the appearance of the second wave of the pandemic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The sample was consisted of 30 representatives of cultural institutions and 40 citizens - residents of the villages of the island of Rhodes. The results show that the representatives of the cultural institutions and the inhabitants of the villages express their frustration, dissatisfaction and anger, but it seems that they perceive and understand the new state of affairs and adapt to the new conditions. They admit that the festivals are detrimental to the health of the community, but point out the lack of communication and the cohesion of the social fabric on the island of Rhodes since the cancellation of the festivals. Regarding the effects that result from the cancellation of the festivals, the "economic" ones play a dominant role and in particular in different social groups: producers, merchants, musicians, singers, etc. Finally, they consider that serious consequences arise from the deprivation of the "amusement" of entertainment and collectivism with consequent psychological problems. The results of the research are considered important and satisfactory, as they demonstrated the need for preservation and sustainable development of festivals and folk festivals, highlighting their contribution to the economic, social and cultural development of local communities.
Evgenia V. Volodina, Elena G. Efimova, Alevtina G. Kulagina, Olympiada L. Taranova, Marina E. Sirotkina, Svetlana A. Yardukhina
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 137-141;

Currently, training of students of any specialty at the university implies the formation of professional competencies. "Linear algebra" is given particular place in this process. After studying this subject students should be able to use the acquired fundamental knowledge in their future professional activities. In addition, students should have the ability to determine general forms and patterns in linear algebra issues. An important role in the process of training specialists is played by the ability to mathematically correctly set science or economic problems, for this it is necessary to have a good understanding of the statements of classical mathematical problems in general. With a high-quality assimilation of the material and a sufficiently good ability to apply it in the required situation, students of technical specialties can plan and carry out pedagogical activities in the future, taking into account the specifics of the subject area in educational organizations. After studying at the university, specialists should be focused on both theoretical and applied activities. The increased requirements for the quality of graduate training are applied to both economic and technical specialties. In this regard, the modular approach to teaching the subject is gaining weight. The ability to develop modules of the same subject that are different in content and complexity for different specialties is of key importance in the training of technical and economic students. Students can immediately work out the practical application of the studied material on examples from their particular specialty, paying sufficient attention to the analysis of various specific nuances without spending too much time on analyzing general examples. The article deals with the issues related to teaching of "Linear algebra" to students of economic and technical specialties of the Chuvash State University, the similarities and differences in the presentation of the material. The main focus is on modern approaches in teaching the discipline and modular approach as well.
Nadezhda V. Shuvalova, Svetlana V. Lezhenina, Ansell Lammert, Galina F. Gubanova, Elena A. Denisova, Valentina M. Levitskaya, Tatyana N. Sidorova, Natalia Yu. Belkina
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 127-131;

We live in a world of modern technology. Information technologies surround us at every step, helping us, making our life easier, and providing many benefits. This modern lifestyle is also changing the way we perceive information technology. Few people today can imagine working and learning in everyday life without a computer, laptop, smartphone, or Internet access. The use of electronic teaching aids is a new, modern approach to education. Previously, the use of e-learning materials was the prerogative of distance learning. The main reason was the very limited possibility of personal contact between teachers and students. The issue has become even more urgent given the epidemiological situation around the world. In connection with the massive spread of the new coronavirus infection, students and schoolchildren all over the world were forced to switch to electronic educational resources to continue their studies. In connection with the introduction of similar approaches as in universities and schools, it is very important to prepare future teachers for the correct use of these technologies. Targets and goals. Explore: 1) whether the students are familiar with the electronic teaching aids and whether or not they are satisfied with them; 2) whether students prefer to learn more through traditional printed learning materials or e-learning materials and whether these preferences differ depending on the field of study; 3) Whether students of technical and mathematical specialties prefer electronic teaching materials to traditional printed materials; 4) what sources of information students use in their research work, and to what extent; 5) the advantages and disadvantages of both electronic teaching aids and traditional printed teaching materials. The research focuses on the opinions of 560 students (of which 280 are women and 280 are men) of the Chuvash Pedagogical University about electronic teaching materials and traditional printed teaching materials. The study was conducted from March to November 2020. The survey was aimed at first-year students of various undergraduate disciplines in full-time education in the following specialties: mathematics, physics and information technology, preparation of primary school teachers, history and social science, biology and chemistry, Russian language and literature, Chuvash language and literature, German language and literature, English language and literature. Next, we divided students in accordance with the kinship of areas into 4 groups: a) mathematics + technical and information education, b) training of primary school teachers, c) philology d) social sciences. We used our own questionnaire as a research method. The following methods were used to process the data: analysis of variance, correlation, and Chi-square test. The study showed that freshmen of the Chuvash State Pedagogical University mainly use ready-made methodological developments, the Internet, their own notes, and books as sources of information for their studies. 50% of students are familiar with the concept of e-learning materials, and 32.14% of students became familiar with them in high school or university. The difference between these two data is due to the fact that the concept of e-learning materials was unknown to some students, but when filling out the questionnaire they found that they used this type of materials during their studies. Average student satisfaction with e-learning materials and traditional printed learning materials is almost the same. In addition, it turned out that 65% of students prefer to study using traditional printed materials. It was determined that students studying mathematics and information technology, more than other students, either prefer to learn through e-learning materials or do not prefer one particular type. The most common form of e-learning materials that students have encountered is the LMS. The respondents see the advantages of e-learning materials as consisting of accessibility, clarity, quick access to information, low cost, paper savings (resulting in environmental protection), and interactivity. Although students stated that they prefer to use traditional printed teaching materials, 83% of respondents would like to continue using e-learning materials during their studies.
Venelin Terziev, Marusya Lyubcheva, Katia Mihailova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 8-19;

This work is an attempt for a brief analysis of the new „Strategy for the development of higher education in the Republic of Bulgaria for 2021 – 2030“ and is searching for an answer to the new challenges facing the education system. Searching and finding the right solutions in this direction does not only require specific skills and competencies, but also sufficient experience, information and knowledge in this direction. This challenge cannot and should not be the action of just one person, but of a group of scientists, researchers and politicians with a sufficiently high level of expertise that would contribute to the development of an objective and accurate action plan.
Muhibbuddin Muhibbuddin, Wardatul Hayuni, Andi Ulfa Tenri Pada
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 41-48;

Critical thinking skills play an important role in improving students' learning outcomes. The development of critical thinking skills and learning outcomes are also influenced by self-efficacy. Studies show that the students' critical thinking skills and learning outcomes have not been maximized due to low in students' self-efficacy. Therefore, the innovation in learning process is needed to tackle these problems. This study aims to determine whether the application of relating, experiencing, applying, cooperating, transferring (REACT) strategies combined with constructivism-based modules can improve the students' critical thinking skills, learning outcomes and self-efficacy. This study employed the experimental method with a pretest-posttest control group design. The research subjects were 105 students who were divided into two groups, namely the experimental group which consist of 54 students and the control group consist of 51 students. This research was conducted in the even semester of the 2019/2020 school year at Nagan Raya High School, Aceh, Indonesia. The parameters which measured here are the critical thinking skills, the learning outcomes and self-efficacy. Data on critical thinking skills and learning outcomes were analyzed using parametric statistical tests, and data for self-efficacy were analyzed using interval successive method (MSI). Data for the correlation among students' self-efficacy, critical thinking skills and learning outcomes were analyzed through correlation and regression analysis. The results indicate that the application of the REACT strategy combined with constructivism-based modules can improve students' critical thinking skills, learning outcomes and self-efficacy. Self-efficacy contributes to improve the students' critical thinking skills and learning outcomes.
Oksana V. Vasilenko, Marina S. Sapriko, Tatiana A. Dzyuba, Natalya I. Ivanova, Avgusta V. Ulyandina, Galina V. Ihonkina
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences;

Wu Luqian, Alena Ju. Nikitina, Olga A. Petrova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 92-96;

The article presents the results of a comparative linguoculturological analysis of linguistic units representing the "plant" cluster in the Russian and Chinese linguistic world-image. The object of the research is proverbs with a phytonym component (with the names of trees and plants and their fruits). The relevance of this study is justified by the fact that the study and comparison of linguistic world-image of different peoples is a developing direction in linguistics because the worldview and attitude of the people, their own version of the image of the world are fixed in the semantics of words. The aim of the research is to analyze the proverbs with names of plants of the Russian and Chinese languages and to describe the features of the Russian and Chinese linguistic world-image through the prism of linguocultural studies. Since plants have been present in the life of any nation since antiquity and are an integral part of human life, it is not surprising that phytonyms are often found in phraseological units, in particular, proverbs. Phytonym components have an extremely wide associative potential, vividly reflect the peculiarities of national consciousness and the specifics of the linguistic world-image of the people as a whole; they can be international and nationally specific. The research showed that in the Russian and Chinese languages, proverbs containing components of plant names can be divided into 3 groups: 1) proverbs with a tree component (fruit and non-fruit); 2) proverbs with a cultivated plant component; 3) proverbs with an uncultivated (wild) plant component. The analysis showed that in the Russian and Chinese languages the absolute majority belongs to proverbs with a tree component, both fruit and non-fruit. The study also revealed that from a semantic point of view, a significant number of proverbs with components of plant names describe a person's character, his external and physical data, moral qualities. Semantic analysis of proverbs showed that sayings with the names of plants can have a similar image and be used in the same meaning in the languages under consideration, or they can have completely different connotations, which are due to the national specifics of culture, lifestyle, imaginative perception of the external world by both peoples.
Galina A. Ermakova, Marina P. Savirova, Nadezhda I. Yakimova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 31-35;

In modern conditions of personal development, aimed at self-learning, self-development, speech-thinking activity plays a special role as a component of the characteristics of a successful person. The main goal of literary education is to study the texts of works of art, to understand literature as an artistic reality, to develop on this basis the spiritual world of a person, his worldview, and to foster the need for systematic reading as a necessary part of continuous spiritual and moral improvement of the individual, and to develop his intellectual and emotional-volitional spheres. As an artistic phenomenon, the Word lived in the minds of people as an independent image that embodies the centuries-old experience of the people, since at all times its philosophical idea of life was understood and perceived as a great social mission. The article deals with the problem of understanding the image through symbols on the example Of V. Rasputin's story "Women's conversation". In the disclosure of the main idea of the text, the meaning of semantic groups is discussed. The article presents a situation in which a student, independently comprehending new information through reflection, reflects on the preservation of the spiritual and moral values of his people.
Tatyana N. Pavlova, Evgenia A. Grigoreva, Alena Ju. Nikitina, Svetlana I. Bakhtina, Ekaterina A. Kozhemyakova, Elena A. Ignatieva
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 84-87;

This study is devoted to the consideration of the processes of the emergence and destruction of synonymy in the diachronic aspect between languages of units of two levels - lexical and educational. Moreover, both levels are interconnected and interdependent, since changes in one of them are necessarily on the other. An important role is given to the value of the context in the processes under study. Recognizing the symbolic nature of the language as an exponent of the linguistic picture of the world of its speakers, the authors analyze the reasons for the convergence and divergence of meanings at different time intervals of both the same word and the same root different affix lexemes. The material for the study was the verbs of the lexico-semantic group «Verbs of placing an object anywhere as a result of a certain action», taken in the same context from the lists of the biographies of the Russian saints Boris and Gleb, created at different times and subsequently translated from Old Russian into modern Russian tongue. The main criterion for the selection of linguistic material was the principle of interchangeability of lexemes in the same contexts, since in relation to diachronic synonymy it is fundamental and objectively reflects the linguistic situation of the linguistic period under consideration. In the course of the study, the authors come to the conclusion that the development of synonymous relations between the analyzed verbs «обертеть», «увертеть» and «ввертеть» influenced by the grammatical characteristics of lexemes and their lexical meaning associated with contextual use. And the frequency or singularity of their use is associated not only and not so much with the dictionary meaning, but with the genre of the text in which this or that verb is used.
Irina Ivanova, Olga Evdokimova, Larisa Lyapaeva, Nataliia Obzhogina, Lyudmila Sarbash, Svetlana Fedyay
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 74-77;

The article is devoted to the study of the collection of short stories by I. Babel "Konarmiya", addressed to the events of the distant past-the revolution and the civil war in Russia in 1917-1922. The collection consists of 36 stories, each of which has its own plot and plot basis. The theoretical aspect of studying this literary phenomenon is connected with the need to take into account the super-genre nature of the author's collected collection. The practical aspect is related to the definition of methods and techniques for analyzing the work, determined by the competence approach. The relevance of the research is related to the identification of such structures of the collection, which indicate the artistic unity and integrity of this education. The architectonic discourse allowed us to examine the units of the collection in terms of the role of stories that are in a strong position of the text - the beginning and the end. Analysis of the motivic structure revealed the presence of binary oppositions (life/death, light/darkness, longing/happiness, love/hate),
Alena Ju. Nikitina, Olga A. Petrova, Tatyana N. Romanova, Inna B. Getskina, Margarita V. Emelianova, Anzhelika G. Abramova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 88-91;

The article is devoted to the study of the features of the approach to the study of the linguistic personality in modern linguistics. The term linguistic personality is being developed by many scientists and is firmly established in the science of language. It is assumed that it happens due to the anthropological orientation of linguistics today. The multilevel and complexity of the problem is determined by the fact that in modern linguistics there is still no defined approach to the definition of this term. The variety of interpretations of this concept is due to various aspects of its study, characteristics and comparison (comparison with a communicative, speech personality, etc.). The presence of many interpretations indicates the ambiguity of the term, as well as the desire of linguists to avoid polysemy, which is undesirable for the terminological apparatus of the language. Nevertheless, it is noted that the appearance of the concept of a linguistic personality and its active development played a huge role in the further development of linguistics, led to the emergence of many related sciences at the junction of linguistics and other areas of scientific knowledge. The article examines and analyzes the various approaches to the typology of linguistic personalities existing in linguistics. In the course of the study, it was revealed that in modern linguistics, researchers take the speech strategies of the individual, the national principle, age, sex, the principle of individuality / collectivity, etc. as the basis for the classification of types of linguistic personality. Despite the presence of a large number of approaches to the definition of the concept of a linguistic personality, the authors of the article, having analyzed modern concepts for the definition, study and classification of types of a linguistic personality, revealed that the most developed and generally recognized among them is the three-level model of a linguistic personality proposed by the linguist Yu. N. Karaulov in the monograph "Russian language and linguistic personality" (1987), according to which the researcher proposes to study the linguistic personality at the verbal-semantic, linguo-cognitive and pragmatic levels.
Venelin Terziev, Silva Vasileva
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 36-40;

This work is dedicated to the 115th anniversary of the birth of Svetlozar Akendiev Dimitrov – ‘Zmey Goryanin’ and aims at answering questions about his influence on the Bulgarian spirituality, literature and society. The author made an attempt for a brief overview and analysis of Zmey Goryanin`s research and creative activity, simultaneously trying to explain his influence on the social processes taking place at that time.
Olga Evdokimova, Irina Ivanova, Larisa Lyapaeva, Nataliia Obzhogina, Lyudmila Sarbash, Svetlana Fedyay
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 49-57;

The concept of "war" can be viewed as a landmark for understanding the picture of the world created by Russian writers during the XIX – early XX centuries. In the article, this concept is investigated in the dynamics of temporal and creative development based on the works of M.Y. Lermontov, L.N. Tolstoy, V.M. Garshin, in whose work the military theme occupies one of the main places, as well as L.N. Andreeva. The focus is on the poem by M.Y. Lermontov "Valerik", Caucasian and Sevastopol stories by L.N. Tolstoy, stories by V.M. Garshin, the story of L.N. Andreeva "Red Laughter". In the course of the analysis, the semantic components of the concept of "war" are highlighted, which are equally important for both the author and the reader. So, in particular, the concept of "war" is represented in the epic novel "War and Peace" in a wide semantic range: the patriotic thought about the war of liberation is combined with the understanding of its senseless cruelty and includes the philosophical and historical concept of the writer about the causes of the war, about "authorship” of a historical event. Based on the concept of concept, the authors of the article show that the chronotope of war is not limited to depicting historical events: it includes a content field associated with various moral and ethical aspects of the work. In the article, using the example of different types of literature (lyrics, epics) and genres (lyric poem, story, story, novel), as well as different periods of Russian literature, such meaningful antinomies as "life-death", "good-evil", dichotomy "man-nature" and the perception of insight – the spiritual and moral changes of man in war. Comprehension of various semantic facets of the concept of "war" in the work of M.Y. Lermontov, L.N. Tolstoy, V.M. Garshina, L.N. Andreeva gives grounds to show the commonality of views of these authors in understanding war as senseless cruelty both in the fate of a private person and in the fate of entire nations. As a result, the concept of "war" as a universal textual category allows one to see new semantic layers of a literary text in the works of Russian writers of the XIX – early XX centuries and to reveal new interpretations of it.
Elena Chekushkina, Ekaterina Yakimova, Natalia Nikolaeva, Raisa Vasileva, Eduard Fomin
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 106-110;

This work is devoted to the study of the educational potential of the Chuvash traditional written culture. The main aspect on which the conclusions of the study are based is ethnopedagogical one. The authors study the cult images of the ancient Turkic era in their application to the verbal culture of the Chuvash people and the possibility of using archetypal representations in pedagogical practice. Samples of Turkic peoples’ oral folk literature, mainly of the Chuvashes, as well as texts written in the Orkhon-Yenisei runic tradition were used as the research material. The authors turn to methods of comparative analysis of the studied material. The worship of the sky and the female deity is quite well known in ancient Turkic culture. Traces of respect for them are found even in runic monuments. Their direct analogs are found in Chuvash legends, fairy tales and songs. The mention of the goddess Ama ‘mother’ is most often found in prayers. Her image of the Chuvash was also compared to the image of fire, naming the goddess Vut ama ‘Fire mother’. The Chuvash people also preserved the veneration of land and water, which is observed in mythology, religious rites and cultic literature. These images are one of the central elements in the value picture of the Chuvash people’s world. They are used in the system of preschool and primary education for teaching and educational purposes. From this work authors’ point of view, mythological representations are essentially an ancient layer that unites the Chuvash with other Turks and at the same time gives an original sound to modern Chuvash culture. The transformation of the ancient Turkic worldview into artistic images should be considered as a deep specificity that emphasizes the unique features of the Chuvash ethnos. Thus, especially revered phenomena among the ancient Turks are the sky and the female deity. Their veneration was clothed in expressive forms. With the passage of time, poetic images and traditions were woven into religious rituals and oral literature of the Chuvash, and then passed into the artistic elements of modern Chuvash literature.
Anatoliy P. Danilov, Andrey A. Danilov, Lyudmila A. Vasilyeva, Oleg R. Studentsov, Galina V. Khoraskina
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 27-30;

The purpose of the study is to analyze the peculiarities of reflection oа the spiritual and moral foundations of the Chuvash people in I.Y. Yakovlev's publications and the activities of his school of ethnic journalism on a systematic level. It is noted that the literature about I. Ya. Yakovlev, both scientific and fiction, is extensive, but not all aspects of the multifaceted activities of the patriarch of the Chuvash culture have been fully investigated. Special attention is paid to the active publishing and translation activities of I.Ya. Yakovlev. The work analyzes the activities of the Simbirsk Chuvash school. The authors analyzed the activity of Simbirsk Chuvash school graduates who later worked in the editorial offices of newspapers and magazines. The authors conclude that the traditions of the Yakovlev's school in the Chuvash journalism have been preserved until now. I.Ya. Yakovlev's pedagogical and creative heritage has a great influence on the development of all aspects of the spiritual culture of the Chuvash people, in particular, on the formation of professional journalism. The activity of the branch of the Journalism Department at the Union of Journalists of Chuvashia, the work of students in creative studios under the guidance of the leading representatives of radio channels and TV studios, chief editors of the republic' printing editions is noted. The work of the small division of journalism, created for the purpose of organizing career guidance work, management bodies of the journalism division, student scientific society, editorial and publishing center has been studied; the level of material and technical base of the division has been assessed.
Tatyana N. Pavlova, Evgenia A. Grigoreva, Mariia E. Petukhova, Ekaterina A. Kozhemyakova, Irina A. Simulina, Gennadiy E. Kornilov
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 78-83;

The present study focuses on the comparative description of the concepts of the unreal world in Russian and English. The research of mythological and religious ideas about the unreal world which is specific to speakers of two languages has been taken to study in ethnography, folkloristics and culturology. At the same time, the linguistic study of this phenomenon was sporadic, both in the conceptology and in comparison of multi-structural languages. The above-mentioned determines the relevance of this srudy, which attempts to define the nature of the concepts of "angel" as a subject of the unreal world, which are peculiar to native speakers of Russian and English. The lexeme αγγελος was borrowed by the Old Russian and Old English languages areas as part of the cult vocabulary. Originally, the functioning of the mentioned lexeme in both languages was limited to the Holy Scripture, in the texts of which this lexical unit was used in two main meanings: ангел 1 / angel 1 ‘according to religious ideas, a supernatural disembodied creature, a good spirit’ and ангел 2 / angel 2’according to religious ideas, a supernatural disembodied creature, an evil spirit'. These lexical-semantic variants are an example of a quite rare linguistic phenomenon of enantiosemy – a type of antonymy, when as the antonyms act not separate lexical units, but lexical-semantic variants of the same word. The lexical compatibility of these lexical-semantic variants contributes to their distinction in the texts of Holy Scripture. In addition, in the Russian texts of the Holy Scripture, the lexeme angel has another lexical-semantic variant, which serves to denote John the Baptist. Further based on values of the lexemes ангел 1 / angel 1 the new lexical-semantic variants were developed in both languages. They were semantically identical and differentiated in meaning. The structural comparison of the intra-word semantic paradigm of the lexemes ангел / angel clearly illustrates the thesis that the measure of polysemy of the same word is distinct in different languages. The linguistic and conceptual analysis of the imagery of the language of the Russian classical poetry made it possible to identify some of the motivational features underlying the name of the angel as a subject of the unreal world, and therefore to reconstruct the approach of human thought to this phenomenon, as it was when the word was created.
Muhibbuddin Muhibbuddin, Agusriati Muliyana, Djufri Djufri, Hasanuddin Hasanuddin
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 20-26;

Motivation and good learning outcomes are important aspects that students must have. Several studies show that students have low motivation and learning outcomes. It is necessary to improve the learning model to overcome this problem. One of the efforts that can be taken is the application of the Chat Room-based Blended Learning model. This study aims to determine the effect of the application of the Chat Room-based Blended Learning model on student motivation and learning outcomes in the human respiratory system material. This is a Quasi-Experimental design with a Pretest-Posttest Non-Equivalent Control Group Design model. The research subjects were 68 students who were divided into two groups (experimental and control) where each group consisted of 34 students. The experimental group used the Chat Room-based Blended Learning model, while the control group learning was carried out using the Blended Learning model. This research was conducted at a high school in Meulaboh, West Aceh Regency, Indonesia. This research was conducted for two months (January-February 2020). The data collection parameters in this study were the learning outcomes and student motivation. Data collection was carried out through pretest and posttest. The test for differences in learning motivation and learning outcomes was analyzed using parametric statistics, namely the ANACOVA test. The results showed that the application of the chat room-based blended learning model had a positive contribution to increasing student motivation and learning outcomes. There needs to be a further study of the learning process with a chat room-based blended learning model.
Eduard V. Fomin, Tamara N. Erina
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 58-64;

The article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of the Russian colloquial speech of the inhabitants of Cheboksary, the capital city of the Chuvash Republic, Russia. It is believed that it was the Chuvash language that had a considerable influence on the formation of these peculiarities. The purpose of the paper is to highlight the role of the Chuvash substrate in the formation of the regional dialect of Russian in Cheboksary. The traditional linguistic methods are applied to analyze the language material composed of natural discourses of inhabitants of Cheboksary. The culture of speech is in the focus of the research done on the linguistic data provided by both the Russian and the Chuvash scholars. The authors come to the conclusion that the Russian language constantly exposed to the Chuvash linguistic and cultural environment has been experiencing significant local influence and herewith acquiring unique features. Substrate elements are realized at all levels of the language system. In the Cheboksary regional dialect, the Chuvash influence on the Russian language is expressed in an increase in the frequency of Russian language units, which most closely correspond to the Chuvash counterparts. Phonetic markers are the major elements that make the speech of the residents of Cheboksary sound specifically. Orthoepic peculiarities of Cheboksary residents in a number of cases are characterized by their pronouncing certain words literally and shifting stress in some frequently used words. The lexical specificity of the Russian colloquial speech of the inhabitants of Cheboksary is accounted for by a number of Chuvashisms, local urbanonyms and semantic calques of Chuvash words. Morphological markers are the result of the specific use of Russian language units due to the influence of the process of acculturation. The word-building markers of the Cheboksary regional dialect are associated with the use of derivational formants of Chuvash origin in Russian word formation and Russian suffixes in the composition of Chuvash words. The syntactic level markers are represented in sentence models and by their peculiar features. In the Cheboksary regional dialect instead of Russian SVO sentence model Chuvash SOV sentence model is preferred. It is worth mentioning also that participial constructions are characteristic of oral speech. The authors argue that the regional dialect of Russian in Cheboksary is a variant of the Russian literary language. Its objective existence and functioning is the result of its exposure to the influence of the Chuvash language and culture. The peculiarities of the regional dialect of Russian are revealed in codified language units that have experienced the interfering impact of the Chuvash language.
Muhibbuddin Muhibbuddin, Nadia Rahmi, Safrida Safrida
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 65-73;

Low students’ learning outcomes and retention are among the problems in learning. An innovation in the learning process is thus needed to solve the problems. The effect of Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review and Read (PQ4R) learning model integrated with a mnemonic-based module is one of the useful alternatives to overcome the problems. This study aims to address the question on how the integration between the PQ4R learning model and a mnemonic-based module affects the students’ learning outcomes and retention. This study used an experimental method with a Quasi-Experimental design.The research subjects were 124 students who were selected purposively from four parallel classes in one high school in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, from a total population of 16 public high schools in Banda Aceh. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely the experimental and control group; each of which consisted of 62 students. In the experimental group, the PQ4R model combined with mnemonic-based modules was used, while in the control group, PQ4R with a conventional learning module was applied. The measured parameters were the students’ learning outcomes and retention. To examine the significance of learning outcomes between the experimental and control group, the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) statistical test was employed. The data for retention were obtained from the results of posttest, retention test-1 (retest-1) and retention test-2 (retest-2). The retention was analyzed by using a recognition method. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the learning outcomes of the students in the experimental class and those of the students in the control class. The experimental class has a better retention rate compared to that of the control class. Thus, the application of the PQ4R learning model combined with a mnemonic based module can positively contribute to improving students’ learning outcomes and retention.
Elena V. Vasileva, Oleg V. Zakharov, Alevtina G. Kulagina, Oksana V. Sveklova, Lyudmila V. Seliverstova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 120-126;

It is impossible to imagine the modern educational process without the interrelation between disciplines of different orientation. The necessity to introduce interdisciplinary integration arises in the process of forming the professional competence of students of machine building specialties already from the 1st and 2nd courses of higher schools. The introduction of contemporary teaching methods, their compilation with the classical methodology allows us to form an effective link between such classic subjects of engineering specialties as higher mathematics and theoretical mechanics studied at the machine building faculty of I.N.Ulyanov Chuvash State University. The article considers ways to introduce interdisciplinary communication in the educational process on the example of such basic subjects as "Mathematics" and "Theoretical mechanics". A problem in the course of "Theoretical mechanics" with a detailed study of the interdisciplinary relationship is analyzed.
Eleni Nikolaou, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Nikos Andreadakis, Agapitos Xanthis, Yota Xanthacou, Maria Kaila
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 7, pp 111-119;

The present paper aims to explore preschool teachers’ perspectives on the protective factors of preschool children’s psychological resilience. The sample consisted of 156 preschool teachers. The data collection method was a questionnaire which was based on the theoretical background of psychological resilience. In particular, the perspectives of preschool teachers on the intra-individual, family and school factors that are considered resilience-enhancing were explored. The analysis of the research data shows that the teachers of the sample consider that parents’ involvement in the development of children, parents’ emotion understanding skills, communication within family and support from family members are among the main family factors that contribute to the development of psychological resilience of preschool children. As far as the intra-individual protective factors are concerned, problem solving skills, self-esteem and decisiveness are regarded as the most significant. Teacher support, school safety and positive relationships within the peer group are among the school factors that are considered that can serve as protective factors for promoting psychological resilience of preschool children. The extent to which teachers regard that psychological resilience is a stable characteristic has an effect on their perceptions about the significance of the protective factors.The above findings can contribute to the design and development of psychological resilience-enhancing programs.
Margarita Bogdanova, Penka Shishmanova, Evelina Parashkevova, Mariela Stoyanova
IJASOS- International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences, Volume 6, pp 1038-1047;

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