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Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.3.1

Abstract:
Duterte’s war on drugs initially gained strong support but has bolstered public judgments of insecurity approaching his last presidential term. The conduct of extrajudicial killings, house raids, and incentives to kill for law enforcers have resulted in paradoxical security implications for Duterte’s counternarcotics policy since 2016. This article employs Field’s 2016 theory of Domestic Security Dilemma and argues that paradoxical security implications are well present in Duterte’s anti-illegal drug campaign, proven by the following phases of the domestic security dilemma; 1) occurrence of a domestic security threat in the form of drug abuses, 2) Duterte’s response through counternarcotic policies of extrajudicial killings, house raids, and incentives to kill for law enforcers, 3) security paradox emerges with concerns over possible misuse of government power, leading to citizens to be insecure and fear the government, and 4) implications of difficult counternarcotic policies to be implemented in the future, and the constant fear of conflict due to the introduced rhetoric of ‘war.’
Dewi Harun, Evie P. Hulukati, Ani M. Hasan, Jusna Ahmad
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 217-222; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.26

Abstract:
The article aimed to identify the profile of elementary school teachers’ pedagogic competence in implementing scientific-based thematic learning and Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). The qualitative study involved primary data sourced from observation sheets and interviews. The obtained data were analyzed by Miles and Huberman’s method. The results discovered that: 1) the overall pedagogic competence of teachers in SDN 4 State Elementary School in Talaga Jaya, SDN 5 State Elementary School in Limboto, and SDN 19 State Elementary School in Tibawa was in “good” category in the aspect of learning design. 2) The overall pedagogic competence of teachers in SDN 4 State Elementary School in Talaga Jaya and SDN 5 State Elementary School in Limboto was in “good” category in the aspect of learning activities implementation. Meanwhile, teachers in SDN 19 State Elementary School in Tibawa only achieved “adequate” category in this aspect. 3) The overall pedagogic competence of teachers in SDN 4 State Elementary School in Talaga Jaya and SDN 5 State Elementary School in Limboto was in “good” category in the aspect of learning evaluation. Meanwhile, teachers in SDN 19 State Elementary School in Tibawa only achieved “adequate” category in this aspect. Based on the findings, this study recommends that education stakeholders must continue to carry out capacity building for teachers in the form of strengthening the pedagogic competence of teachers based on Multiple Intelligence so that teachers have intellectual, emotional, and spiritual skills as pioneering teachers in supporting the Merdeka Belajar program in elementary school.
Jerlyn D. Pama, Nordy D. Siason Jr.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 209-216; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.25

Abstract:
This phenomenological research aimed to explore single blessedness as a lived experience in lay institutes of the Roman Catholics. An interview was used as the primary tool for extracting the meaning of single blessedness among laywomen. There were twelve (12) cases selected to undergo data saturation for emerging themes and categories. Findings revealed two categories of single blessedness—to serve God and serve the family. Having the desire to serve God and the community, especially the poorest of the poor, the unmarried female members in Roman Catholic lay institutes had shown their charity through opportunities to be with the needy, have prayerful reflection and discernment, and offer their God-given talents to others. Their experience of reluctance to respond to this vertical call led to uneasiness and incompleteness. Meanwhile, another cohort of women found blessedness as a choice to selflessly serve their family while enjoying independence and autonomy. This was described as a traversal free from worries and other responsibilities and full of filial love from friends and family members. Staying single for the rest of their lives, these women described daily life as prayerful and charitable or chaste and pure in words and deeds with a strong and decisive commitment to work for their families and the poor. Nevertheless, these women, in blessed singleness, nourished themselves as well as prayers, positive relationships with themselves and others, their families, and most especially God.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 200-208; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.24

Abstract:
As the fourth most populous country globally, the country has a very high number of traffic accidents. Casualties due to accidents in Indonesia are more than the number of victims of terrorism, tsunamis, and floods. The number of traffic accident casualties in Indonesia is about 28-30 thousand people per year, ranking second among the countries in ASEAN. In Indonesia, traffic accidents, especially those involving motorcyclists, are relatively high. Even if there are 1 million incidents in one day, then 2.76 percent occur in Indonesia, with the average victim being in the productive age between 15 to 22 years. Road Safety Association is a non-governmental organization that conducts social marketing communication activities in campaigning for safe driving. The approach of this research is descriptive and qualitative. Data collection techniques are interviews and literature studies by exploring relevant data through books, websites, and documentation. From the field findings and interviews, Road Safety Association has conducted Road Safety campaign activities using various media. Such as print media (such as brochures and banners), electronic media (such as television and radio), and internet media (website, Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter). In addition, RSA also often conducts campaigns face-to-face through roadshow activities, action down directly to the highway, training, and counseling. RSA is also actively working with government and international NGOs for Road Safety.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 191-199; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.23

Abstract:
This article is in line with the problem of the conflicts between tradition and modernity on the legal-judicial level. It is based on the legal functionalist theory, which advocates, among other things, the rejection of the legal-judicial system based on positive law and the dependence of the customary system on institutional power. It answers the question of why and how indigenous litigants challenge the positive law embodied in institutional justice and questions possible reconciliations between this law and custom through paradigmatic models of judicial pluralism. This issue was identified through oral information gathered from the field, legal texts, and written sources from articles, books, reports, and dissertations. The results of the study indicate that customary laws, customary judges, and customary courts are muzzled at all levels by the principles of institutional justice based on positive law. Dissatisfied with this situation, there is a proliferation of dispute resolution offices that make use of local customs while escaping state control. The reconciliation of custom and positive law, according to the litigants and the traditional judges, requires the valorization of customary judges, the unification of customary courts with those of the law, and the confrontation of the two sources of law before any verdict.
, Jadyn Samantha S. Ong, Ma. Nathalie U. Tan, Patrick David Cenon, Wilfred Luis Clamor
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 181-190; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.22

Abstract:
Kanban is a productivity system used to help manage workflow at different stages of knowledge work in the office. This paper aims to explore Kanban’s impact on the productivity among selected STEM Senior High School Students of De La Salle University Integrated School. It also examines the effects of sex and grade level on the usage of Kanban and productivity. An online survey questionnaire will be administered to a purposive sample of 70 SHS students. Data from the online survey will be subjected to data analysis using the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet program. Results show that females updated their Kanban more frequently as compared to males. The majority stated that Kanban helps them visualize their ongoing tasks. Consequently, it was seen that although female students had a higher frequency, male students had a higher perception of productivity. From this, it can be implied that higher frequency does not necessarily mean higher perceptions of productivity. In terms of frequency and GWA, from the data, there was no seen relationship between the two variables as the frequency did not affect the GWA. With that, it is recommended to examine the difference in productivity between the face-to-face and online classes to see whether the pandemic has influenced the productivity of students.
, Mursalin Mursalin, Nurhayati Abbas, Masri Kudrat Umar, Frida Maryati Yusuf, Abdul Haris Odja
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 174-180; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.21

Abstract:
Conducting at the VII grade in SMPN 1 Batudaa, SMPN 2 Batudaa, and SMP Muhammadiyah Batudaa, this study aimed to develop and describe the quality of the critical question-based guided inquiry learning model in order to improve students' critical thinking skills on the concepts of temperature and heat. The development method used is Research and Development with a 4D development model, namely define, design, development, and disseminate. The results of this study indicated that: 1) the validation of the guided inquiry learning model based on critical questions is declared valid with minor revisions, 2) the practicality of the learning model is determined by the average percentage of learning implementation that gets a very good category throughout the trial class and the teacher's response model and response. Students obtained through questionnaires gave a positive response, 3) the effectiveness of the learning model was determined through the average percentage of student activities obtained in the active and very active categories; meanwhile, the results of the critical thinking skills test obtained the completeness of the average posttest score with a very good category with high N-gain analysis ( 0.7), an increase in critical thinking skills in students is evidenced by an increase in the average value from pretest to posttest on each critical thinking indicator with high N-gain analysis. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that science learning using the Guided Inquiry learning model based on Critical Questions had met the valid, practical, and effective criteria for improving students' thinking skills.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 168-173; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.20

Abstract:
Because of the widespread CSR practice, the quality and outcome of CSR activities vary, and the tendency of consumers to become suspicious of CSR activities is increasing. This paper intends to examine how the antecedents “CSR-brand fit” and “consumer-CSR fit” impact on consumers’ skepticism and how skepticism influences service brand loyalty. A questionnaire is designed with the case “Meituan’s Green Mountain Project” and conducted to examine the relationship of different variables. Adopting survey data methodology, there are 91 Chinese Meituan users participated in the survey, and significant results were generated through simple linear regression analysis in SPSS. The result indicates that the increase in CSR-brand fit and consumer-CSR fit can reduce consumers’ skepticism, and there is no significant relationship between skepticism and brand loyalty. Thus, it is found through the results that enhancing consumers’ perception of the congruity between brand image and CSR activities, and improving the perceived fit between CSR activities and personal relevance, can contribute to minimizing consumers’ skepticism. In this case, the author proposes practical solutions with the functional theory of attitudes and the self-image congruence model. The solutions guide practitioners to pay attention to the compatibility, fit, and logic of content when planning CSR activities, with the aim of reducing the level of skepticism, leading to an effective outcome for brands.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 159-167; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.19

Abstract:
A significant number of senior citizens comprising 7.4% or 7,534,306, live in poverty in the Philippines. This Act, with all its built-in care, protection, and a number of social, health, and economic benefits entitling the senior citizen, is considered noble and compassionate. The respondents are all members of the San Vicente Senior Citizens Organization, whose ages range from 60 years old and above. Interviews, both structured and informal, were employed to get into the existent sentiment of the senior citizens through the use of methods such as participant observation and face-to-face interviewing. For a total of 279 respondents, the civil status of the respondents consisted of the married, widower, widow, and single. There were self-employed, pension, and family support as the factors. The financial support from relatives is based on the criteria such as sufficient, good enough, scarcely, little, and none. To most seniors, tricycles, jeeps(PUJ), and buses are common means of transportation. None of the respondents traveled by airplane, boat, or commuter train. Further study of the R.A. 9994, especially on policy and information aspects. Provision on the slot allocation for the recipient/beneficiaries of the Social Stipend/Pension Program, pay out of monthly pension/stipend, provision on beneficiaries under SOCPEN and UCT.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 147-158; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.18

Abstract:
This interpretivist-symbolic interactionism study aimed to document the sense-of-place memories among the residents living near or alongside the Ulian River in the Municipality of Lambunao, Province of Iloilo, Philippines. It was grounded on the assumptions surrounding the epistemology of constructionism and the theoretical research perspective of interpretivism-symbolic interactionism. Specific theories pertaining to Sense of Place and Memory were also anchored by this study. Fifteen participants from seven barangays in the Municipality of Lambunao, where the Ulian River flows or passes, took part in this study. They were determined through purposive sampling. Narrative inquiry was used as the methodology of the study, and thematic analysis was applied as a method of analyzing the narratives. After all needed information was gathered through interviews, the data were transcribed, coded, and then analyzed, thus resulting in the formulation of fifteen narratives capturing the sense-of-place memories of Ulian River residents. It was found out that based on the gathered, analyzed data, there were five themes pertaining to the sense-of-place memories of the Ulian River residents. These themes are the river as a food source, the river as a venue for livelihood activities, the river as a place for recreation and extension of household chores, the river as a passageway, and the memories of the river in the context of change.
Gideon Appiah Kusi, Fienena Louisette Adoree, Emmanuel Owusi-Afriyie, Guanhui Fu
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 127-140; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.16

Abstract:
Land acquisition remains a critical issue that poses threats to the perceptions people have on land matters in Ghana. There have been diverse perceptions of land acquisition systems in Ghana. Despite the availability of lands in Ghana, the numerous challenges coupled with acquiring land present extreme nervousness to potential land buyers. This study sought to find out the perceptions people have in relation to the current challenges coupled with land acquisition in Ghana and the ways to curb these problems. Based on reviews of relevant land acquisition documents in Ghana, a questionnaire and semi-structured interview questions were used to gather data from 201 respondents. The findings revealed that the perceptions most people held about acquiring land in Ghana have to do with the cost involved and institutional bureaucratic issues (weak policy implementations, delays in processing land documents at the lands commission, and extortion of monies by some lands commission officers from clients, etc.) associated with acquiring land. It is suggested that public education, adoption of a digital land registry, fighting corruption, and effectively enacting land policies should be proactive government measures to curb the current challenges associated with land acquisition.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 141-146; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.17

Abstract:
The paper examines the perceived influence of e-learning as a determinant for the effective academic performance of public secondary schools in Aguata local government area of Anambra state. The population of the study is made up of 2,841 students and teachers from 12 public secondary schools in Aguata Education zone. The simple random sampling technique was used to select 426 respondents (376 students and 50 teachers), which is about 15% of the entire population of the study. The instrument used for data collection is a well-structured questionnaire of 5 point Likert Scale. The questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents in relation to the objective of this study. The questionnaire was divided into two sections, namely, section A and Section B. while section A comprised personal details of the respondents such as age, gender, and status of Academics, section b comprised questions relating to the questionnaire, and the response was structured to 5 rating levels. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the reliability of the instrument. A co-efficient value of 0.68 indicated that the research instrument was relatively reliable. According to (Taber, 2017), the range of reasonable reliability is between 0.67 and 0.87. The paper recommends that government at all levels; non-governmental organizations, and private sectors should assist in equipping secondary schools' e-learning centers with model equipment for effective teaching and learning to students with e-learning technologies.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 110-126; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.15

Abstract:
This quantitative-qualitative study ascertained the extent of influence of the Korean Drama Fad on the Filipino Millennials’cultural practices and beliefs. A researcher-madeSelf-Assessment Checklist was used to gather the quantitative data among 356 randomly selected respondents, while the qualitative data were drawn from an Interview among 8 participants. Results revealed that overall, the Korean drama fad was moderately influential. However, this was very influential, moderately influential, and slightly influential when respondents were categorized according to sex, college, campus, and degree of exposure, respectively. Significant differences existed in the extent of influence of the Korean drama fad when respondents were categorized according to sex, campus, and degree of exposure, but no significant differences were noted when classified according to college. Reasons for watching K-dramas include relaxation and entertainment, stress reliever, a form of escape from their problems, exciting stories, and unpredictable plot, characters are easy to relate and identify with, and the presence of fascinating actors and actresses. Further, the K-dramas was appealing because the stories are true-to-life with the varying genre--love story, modern romance, comedy, historical fiction, and action-drama. Insights and lessons cited were being prepared to face the future; being strong and more positive in facing life's challenges; loving unconditionally; learning to be more careful before totally trusting others; having knowledge and awareness of what is trending when it comes to fashion styles, beauty standards, verbal and non-verbal expressions, behavior, and lifestyle of Koreans in general.
Cucuk Basuki, , Lutfii Bahroni, Ary Ardianto, Julian C Pratama
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 103-109; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.14

Abstract:
Concrete is a building material that is often used because it is strong against presses but weak to bending forces. A solution is needed to fix the weakness. To overcome this, this study was conducted to increase the strength of the compressive force and bending force on environmentally friendly earthquake-resistant concrete, as well as reduce the pollution of concrete materials in the Lombok LPG Terminal. This research uses a descriptive qualitative approach starting from literature studies, repair preparation, implementation of improvements, strong press, and strong flexure tests, analysis and discussion, and conclusions. The results showed that the compressive and flexible strength of concrete that was given additional pineapple leaf fiber material with a composition of 15% had a strength greater than normal concrete. In conclusion, the utilization of pineapple leaf fiber in the manufacture of environmentally friendly earthquake-resistant concrete is able to increase the compressive strength and strong bending of concrete.
Munjin Syafik, Raisha Nadina Nur Fitria, , Darwis
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 97-102; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.13

Abstract:
This study aims to describe Kiribati's adaptation efforts through the "Migration with Dignity" policy that the government made to deal with the sea level rise problem and to describe Australia's role in supporting Kiribati in carrying out this policy. The research method used in this research is a descriptive analytical research type that describes the cause and effect of a certain phenomenon, in this case, climate change, by describing data, facts, and arguments relevant to the discussion. The results of this study indicate that through migration policy as an adaptation strategy, the Kiribati government builds its capacity to respond to human security threats arising from sea level rise and fulfills the responsibility to ensure the survival of the population through education and skills development programs. In this regard, Australia plays a role as the dominant regional actor by providing assistance through AusAID. Australia's foreign aid as a donor country is used to meet the needs of Kiribati as a recipient country to support the "Migration with Dignity" policy.
, Samer Rajab Ahmed Al-Ramli
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 90-96; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.12

Abstract:
The research aims to clarify the simple matters that occur in the prayer that the Islamic religion pardons, through the Shafi’i jurisprudence, which independently came into existence, and extracting it from among the papers and lines of books, searching for it according to Sharia and making. It is a comparative jurisprudence study. The study examines the ruling on small movements during the prayers, and the ruling on pardoning a few words inadvertently in the prayer. Then the research concluded with a set of results and recommendations.
Hanan Sabbar Hilal Al Ameri, Rafah Karim Karbel
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 84-89; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.11

Abstract:
The idea of ​​this research started from the great importance of the issue of the municipality chief manager in Iraqi legislation. It is one of the important topics in the Iraqi administrative system and the municipality as a form of administrative decentralization and a legal person. There is no doubt that the municipal chief manager performs his executive duties according to the law, and he differs in his work from the municipal council as it is an executive body that deals directly with the citizen. It needs a number of deputies to advance the service reality due to the increase in the population. Then we exposed his power, and it was found that he exercises administrative, legal, financial, and technical powers that help him in implementing them by employees, but he needs to grant other authorities, including appointment, for the purpose of addressing the shortage of staff to perform services, especially after transferring power to the provinces and in order to present an integrated picture of the municipal chief manager in Iraqi legislation. We adopted the analytical approach, with a statement of the position of jurisprudence regarding the appointment of the municipal chief manager and the position of the judiciary regarding providing protection in the event of an attack on the director.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 71-83; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.10

Abstract:
The Indonesianization of Papua project, which has been going on since 1963, has not yet reached the ideal stage. The rise of the post-2000s separatist movement indicates a need to re-read the relationship between Indonesia and West Papua, an examination of past and current events. This study aims to examine the dynamics of Indonesia's attitude and policy towards West Papua, the discourse, and the tension between Indonesia and the Papua freedom movement. This study uses a historical approach by diachronically reviewing how the Indonesian occupation and the Indonesianization project began and its relation to resistance from the Papuan community with the manifestation of the existence of the Papua Freedom Organization. In addition, to capture the synchronic dimension of the current situation, the writer also interviewed several key figures in the integration-and-disintegration of Papua as the primary data source. Indonesia has had a very monochromatic perspective of Papua throughout history, and they tend to ignore Papua as an entity with a will. The military approach and inappropriate development carried out by the Indonesian Government caused the strengthening of the Papuan independence movement. At this point, the Indonesian Government needs a new approach to negotiate its position with the West Papuan community and change the militaristic approach still being used in West Papua. The development approach taken by the current President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, towards West Papua does not seem to be reflected when we see how the stigmatization of Papua continues in the Government's political communication practices related to Papua.
Haneen Al Qawasmeh, , Mohammed Al-Qadri, Reham Al-Khamaiseh
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 58-70; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.9

Abstract:
This study aimed to identify the values from the perspective of Islamic educational thought and contemporary educational philosophies. The descriptive analytical approach was used with reference to the sources, references and documents related to the analysis of values from the perspective of Islamic educational thought and contemporary educational philosophies. The researchers have concluded that the values in Islam are fixed due to the stability of their source (the Qur’an and Sunnah) and these have not been changed so far. The results showed that some Westerners see that values are relative according to circumstances and situations. They do not see the absolutes of values and they seek to achieve their interests, and there are no values they appeal to and they stop at their limits. Accordingly, the researchers made a set of recommendations, the most important of which is to shed light on the divine constitution, which is the Holy Qur’an appropriate for every time and place, and to derive the values that exist in it, and to teach in ways that enhance the values mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah.
Naqibullah Hamid, , Zmarai Ibrahimi
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 52-57; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.8

Abstract:
Women have the same right to vote and express opinions as men. Islamic law has given this right to women. Women can use this right in various aspects of life, including in choosing the spouse, choosing the ruler of the country, choosing a job, and so on. Undeniably, moving forward with life, dealing with problems, overcoming difficulties, fulfilling social, political, and economic responsibilities also depend on having freedom in the use of vote and the expression of opinion, and women need to have the right to vote and exercise their freedom in order to achieve the above-mentioned goals as well as their highest goals of life, and to freely express their views and opinions when needed. This article discusses this topic from various aspects. The article first provides some examples of the early Islamic era in proving women's right to vote and their freedom to exercise this right and then discusses women's need for this right, and finally, the traditional approach of the Afghan people with granting women the right to vote is discussed.
Ahmad Fawad Wathiq, , Abdul Quddus Mazahry
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 45-51; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.7

Abstract:
The research examines the issue of Tawarruq and its contemporary applications in the light of Islamic jurisprudence. There is no doubt that Tawarruq and its rulings are an important and practical issue in our society. Islamic banks use Tawarruq in their daily transactions. This study also sheds light on the definition of Tawarruq, the association of Tawarruq with Mohatra contract, the conditions and ruling of Selling Tawarruq and pictures of selling Tawarruq.
Xi Yu
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 38-44; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.6

Abstract:
The frame analysis of Olympics-related news is quite popular, yet few studies do comparative studies of two Olympics hosted by ideologically similar countries. To fill this gap in the literature, this study examined the similarities and differences of an American news agency CNN’s (Cable News Networks) coverages in the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics and 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics. Under the theoretical framework of framing theory, a content analysis (N = 200) of news stories was conducted. The following four frames were measured: (a) sports frame, (b) human-interest frame. (c) morality frame, (d) political frame. Findings revealed that sports frame was mentioned the most frequently in both Olympics. Furthermore, Russia got more coverage in the human-interest frame and morality frame, while China got more publications in the political frame.
Anastasia Hariyati, Dyp Sugiharto, Awalya Awalya
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 29-37; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.5

Abstract:
The decrease in achievement motivation of students resulted in a decrease in academic achievement. Achievement motivation needs to be considered and developed in learning efforts in schools. The techniques in this study consisted of namely visual imagery techniques and deep breathing. Both of these techniques were derivatives of the mindfulness approach. The objectives of this study were namely (1) to examine the effectiveness of counseling services implementation by using visual imagery and deep breathing techniques to increase Achievement Motivation in students, (2) to determine the level of effectiveness of counseling services implementation by using visual imagery and deep breathing techniques to improve students’ achievement motivation at Public Junior High School 3 Colomadu Karanganyar. The research method used was a quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent control group design. The research sample was obtained from the inclusion and exclusion criteria who had low Achievement Motivation totaling 40 students who were divided into four groups randomly. The results of hypothesis testing were obtained by using the Repeated Measures ANOVA test. The results revealed that the Deep Breathing technique in group counseling is more effective than the Visual Imagery technique. However, the combination of the two techniques is significantly more effective. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that there are differences in the effectiveness level of the four groups in increasing the totaling 40 students of Public Junior High School 3 Colomadu. Group counseling services using two techniques, namely visual imagery, and deep breathing techniques are more effective than using only one technique. In addition, if the two techniques are compared, the deep breathing technique is more effective.
Sayed Mohammad Hasan Khalili, Burhaniddin Qanet
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 23-28; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.4

Abstract:
The Holy Quran is a miraculous and irresistible book and it is a solid word with a strong and solid structure in which the literary industry can be understood with full clarity. One of the most important aspects of the expressive miracle of the Qur'an is the accuracy in using the words and secrets hidden in the reason for choosing each of its letters and words. Accordingly, the Holy Qur'an is free from all defects and shortcomings, such as: "ugly and mediocre obscenity", which in rhetoric is referred to as "condemned obscenity". However, in some Qur'anic verses and phrases, we see the useless repetition of the contents of the previous contents and what is apparently reprehensible, the main purpose of this study is to examine the dimensions and aspects of this group of Qur'anic verses in clear It is an expression and explanation that has been quoted from the great commentators. In this research, an attempt has been made to explain the semantic position of this group of non-verbal repetitions according to their theories and views (commentators). The reader should note that the spiritual repetition that has occurred in some verses includes rhetorical benefits such as emphasis, reproduction, and exaggeration, which are considered as literary arrays and give beauty and glory to speech.
Iskandarsyah Siregar
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 16-22; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.3

Abstract:
As an archipelagic country with a population of about 200 million (BPS 2000), Indonesia is also referred to as the Continent of Maritime Nusantara; it has cultural diversity that spreads from Sabang to Merauke. One of the cultural assets of the Nusantara is the local, regional language (BD). BD in this Nusantara has now experienced challenges and threats to its existence. The challenges exist in the form of neglect of respect, maintenance, and preservation of BD. The point is that this paper wants to examine the condition of regional languages in Indonesia. These factors can cause their extinction, the implications of the extinction of these languages from an ethnolinguistic perspective, and in the end, want to provide a review of solutions to overcome these problems. This study is intended to provide input for various interested parties, especially speakers of regional languages, to pay more attention to the life and sustainability of their regional languages. The research that forms the basis for this scientific article begins with a literature study with observation. Based on the discussion above, it can be concluded as follows. First, the issue of BD extinction in Indonesia based on available data is quite worrying. The conclusions that emerge in this paper are the formulations of strategies, tactics, and models related to the preservation of regional languages (BD).
Ngudi Astuti
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 08-15; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.2

Abstract:
Based on data from the General Elections Commission (KPU), the number of millennial voters reached 70 million–80 million out of 193 million voters. This means that around 35-40 percent have a major influence on the election results and determine which political parties pass the future Parliamentary Threshold (PT). The general activity carried out by the millennial generation is 88.5% on social media; therefore, for parpors who want to pass PT must master the voice of the millennial generation on social media. While the PT itself is regulated in Law Number 7 of 2017 concerning Elections, Article 414 paragraph (1): "Political Parties Contesting in the Election must meet the threshold for obtaining votes of at least 4% (four percent) of the total number of valid votes nationally to be included in the election determining the acquisition of seats for members of the DPR. Ahead of the 2024 election, February 14, 2024, political parties that want to pass the PT must work hard to campaign nationally on social media because the competition for political parties is getting tougher, the number of political parties from the 2019 election that registered with the KPU is 27 political parties, which have been verified by the KPU, there are 14 political parties. Meanwhile, only 9 political parties passed (PDIP: 12.57%, P.Golkar: 12.31%, PKB: 9.69%, NASDEM: 9.08%, PKS: 8.21%, P.Democrat 7, 77%, PAN: 6.84%, PPP: 4.54%), plus the emergence of 10 (ten) new political parties, namely: 1. Prosperous People's Party (Prima), 2. People's Wave Party (Gelora), 3. Ummat, 4. Masyumi Party or the Indonesian Muslim Shura Council Party, 5. The Golden Prosperous Community Era Party, 6. Small and Medium Enterprises Party, 7. The Bright Indonesia Party abbreviated as Pinter, 8. The Indonesian Sovereign State Party is often abbreviated as Pandai, 9. Nusantara Party, 10. Indonesian Peace Party (PID). So that all political parties must have a strategy to control millennial voices: Political parties do not only sell imagery, political parties must show concrete programs for the public interest; what millennials like is how good ideas of life are, how are all their interests, aspirations, about the future of Indonesia, can live side by side with diversity and good tolerance that is safe and prosperous. So far, politics has been presented with issues of money politics, bribery, KKN, etc. Politics must be able to realize justice and welfare for the people, that must be educated for the millennial generation.
, Hari Zamharir
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 01-07; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.2.1

Abstract:
Though studies on the relationship between worldly asceticism and economic progress is an old thing, this study presents a re-visit of Boeke’s Indonesia dual economy as a result of the presence of a mixture of such a duality performed by Santri-entrepreneurs at Laweyan, Solo, Indonesia. Industrialism as a way of life is commonly linked to the transformation from agricultural societies into industrial in modern West nations, with the crucial roles of industrial entrepreneurs who were among the few in the respective societies having distinctive personal qualities. The most well-known thesis was Weber’s thesis on the relationship between the Protestant ethic and economic development by the few entrepreneurs possessing worldly asceticism—homo economicus who were working hard for achieving material well-being but at the same time develop religious ascetic life. The paper makes an account of Islam-based Santri-entrepreneurs in Kampung Batik Laweyan (KBL), Solo, Indonesia, employing a critically theoretical perspective of Max Weber and Boeke; the study takes into account political context and socio-cultural setting. It is our findings that Santri-entrepreneurs at KBL developed worldly asceticism, but political context has made the unstable growth of the business; contemporary steady growth has been made possible by the provision of the concept KBL as Cultural Heritage and facilitation by the local government, especially the establishment of deliberation forum among several parties that gives ample room for their steady growth.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 286-293; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.29

Abstract:
Due to the Covid-19 Pandemic, there was a sudden transition from face-to-face to distance learning (DL) at Saudi schools and universities. 55% of students surveyed were dissatisfied with DL, online communication and had difficulty understanding the course material. Students showed low self-efficacy, engagement and motivation, a negative role and absence of goals. They were mostly concerned about passing with exams. Starting Fall 2021, Saudi universities resumed face-to-face instruction in combination with DL on alternate days. Unlike the past 3 semesters, instructors and students join their online classes from campus, not home. The instructors are still complaining of students’ lack of interest, engagement, and interaction in online classes. Students are still inattentive and uninterested in class participation. Instructors’ survey showed unfamiliarity with positive psychology and how its principles can be applied in DL courses. To enhance college students’ self-efficacy, interest, interaction, and engagement in DL, and help students become happy and relaxed learners, overcome their anxiety, this study proposes the integration of positive psychology and gives practical guidelines to develop positive attitudes, positive thinking, build students’ resilience and teach them how to cope with and manage challenging learning situations in DL by setting clear teaching and learning goals, standards for passing courses, sending positive messages, writing success stories, providing moral support, reading self-help books, watching self-improvement videos and giving positive feedback. It also gives sample activities for increasing students’ engagement, interaction, and communication.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 280-285; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.28

Abstract:
This study investigates the rule of picking or finding electronic or technological devices according to Islam or Sharia. In addition, a library research method has been used in the current research where the researcher has used updated resources. The researcher selected the mentioned topic because this issue is considered very crucial and less research has been done in this part, especially in Afghanistan. This topic has also been investigated by other Muslim scholars such Muslim his book Sahih Muslim has revealed that “According to Zaid bin Khalid Al- Juhani; one asked Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) what is the order or law when one finds something that belongs to other? Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) said that when you find something that belongs to other people, you should announce the thing you have found for one year. If the owner finds you, you should return the good you found. Moreover, the studies show how important, wide and the best Islamic religion is in which even the smallest issue has been discussed. This study will help local people know what to do when one finds something that belongs to another. Besides, this issue reveals that how important the mentioned issue is according to Islamic Fiqh. The study's findings indicated that there are different rules and laws for different people who find something that belongs to other people at different conditions; for instance, WA jib, Mustahab, Haram, Makroh and Mo bah. Moreover, nowadays it is common to lose or find electronic things, so this needs to have noticed and reach to the local people the law and rule of returning the things when one finds. This result of the study also indicated that if one finds the electronic or technological device such as computer motorcycle, mobile phone, car, flash disk and memory card. So, these things should be returned according to Islamic Sharia. Finally, the study has covered the new technological devices, which are the modern examples found things of the current era.
, Antonette F. Garcia, Virginia G. Garlejo
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 262-269; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.26

Abstract:
In every society, culture remains to be the primary identity that distinguishes its members from other societies. Two of the ways in which culture is accentuated and manifested are the society’s language and food or cuisine. As such, investigating them revitalizes, promotes, and preserves one society’s culture. In such context, this study was conceptualized and implemented to document the indigenous food preservation techniques and language of the people of Cervantes, Ilocos Sur, Philippines. Through community immersion, interviews, observation, the study revealed that salting, smoking, drying, and fermenting are the common food preservation techniques. In salting, panag-etag and panag-asin are the two identified indigenous food preservation techniques, while panagtapa and panagkiing are the techniques employed in drying. Meanwhile, panagsuob is being practiced under smoking, and panagbubod is done in fermentation. The identified languages are those that are being used in each of the identified indigenous food preservation techniques. The study also revealed that the developed Cervantesian Indigenous Food Preservation Handbook is valid, useful, functional, and informative. Hence, the study concludes that the people of Cervantes still practice and preserve their indigenous food preservation techniques that may be extended to other people through seminars and training for cultural promotion and preservation.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 270-279; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.27

Abstract:
The leading aim of this article is an investigation of the role of culture in the organization. Organizational culture represents values, beliefs, hypotheses, fables, norms, and goals, which are admitted in the organization vastly. The organizational culture is the means which facilitates our behavior and actions with organizational tasks. The findings of this study reveal that one of the most influential factors in an organization’s situation is organizational culture. In the current complicated and revolutionary world, the durability of organizations is related to various factors; one of the most important factors is having a fortified organizational culture. The organizational culture is the subordinate outcome of social culture that, by its turn, impacts on values, moralities, attitudes, assumptions, and expectations of any individuals and can be exposed in their behaviors. The organizational culture has become more significant and remarkable because of its high and noticeable effects in organizations. Realizing the organizational culture is one of the causes that impact the real actions of people and their perceptions regarding that. The organizational culture represents the mode of our interpretation of our surrounding incidents. The research method of this study is library-based, and the information and points were collected from books and journals.
Guolin Huang,
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 256-261; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.25

Abstract:
SWOT analysis was adopted to analyze the integrated development of the cinnamon industry in the city of Fangchenggang. The integrated cinnamon industry in the city enjoys great advantages and opportunities, but there are also some problems in its development process, such as the low educational level of cinnamon farmers, weak driving ability and brand influence of leading enterprises, as well as the lack of a strong benefit coupling mechanism. To solve these problems, this paper puts forward several suggestions, such as extending the industrial chain to realize the integration of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, attaching importance to brand building, optimizing the structure of practitioners, and strengthening the training of cinnamon farmers, optimizing a number of innovative regional enterprises that can lead the development of cinnamon industry and closely connects farmers, and improving the benefit coupling mechanism between farmers and enterprises.
Zhuoqun Qing
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 246-255; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.24

Abstract:
The process of urbanization is that people pay more and more attention to the sustainable development of cities and pay attention to the consideration of climate and environment in urban planning. Urban climate maps combine urban planning with urban climate and have been proposed since the 1980s. Based on the web of science database, this paper searches for documents published with the subject heading of urban climate maps since their appearance and uses Citespace to visualize the document information. The analysis content includes authors, journals, countries, publishing institutions, and keyword clustering analysis: cited literature analysis and research frontier hotspots. Through the analysis, it is found that the research fields of urban climate maps can be divided into four categories, namely research methods, healthy cities, resilient cities, and ecological bases.
Ruru Jia, Wei Wu
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 235-245; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.23

Abstract:
With the development of the city, the relationship between the city and wisdom has become more and more close. In this process, the attention of smart lighting construction has gradually increased, and many cities regard smart lighting as a promotion point for building smart cities. This paper adopts a qualitative research method to explore the typical road smart lighting construction cases in some foreign cities. By analyzing the cases of developing urban smart lighting construction in various countries, it is found that the functions of the transformed smart lighting can play an important role in energy saving, urban security, data collection, and citizen services for cities in various countries. Finally, by further summarizing the main content of its construction, it provides some reference suggestions for the development of smart lighting in my country.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 222-234; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.22

Abstract:
Just as globalization has affected Nepal's various political, social, and economic sectors, so has its impact on education. Over the last 50-60 years, the influence of English as a foreign language in the Nepalese education system has been increasing. The attraction of English has increased in such a way that it has become like a tradition to learn English before own's mother tongue. Not only in school, but parents are also eager to teach English to their children from home. Parents are constantly trying to improve their child's English. The psychology that a child becomes omniscient if he knows English is affecting everyone. Nepalese society is being influenced by the fact that foreign culture and English are more civilized than their mother tongue and culture. Globalization is currently adversely affecting the Nepalese education system. The English-only education system has not been able to explain the importance of their own language and local knowledge. With the development of the mentality that language is only for a good job and a prosperous life, the mentality that English should be learned anyway has taken root in Nepalese society. This paper has also tried to present the growing attraction of English education in Nepalese society from different perspectives. Textbooks, medium of examination, question papers, giving a lot of opportunities to students who know English have drawn everyone towards English. This paper presents the problems, solutions, and suggestions in four different sections. In the first section, the early stages of English education in Nepal are discussed. In the second section, the influence of foreign languages ​​on the original language and culture is discussed. Third, the fact that English influence has increased in emotional expression and daily life is presented in graphs and bars. The final section includes research findings, solutions, and suggestions.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 208-221; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.21

Abstract:
The purpose of the study is to investigate sociolinguistics as one approach for studying how gender determines language use, verbal superiority, the ability to employee selective attention to inhibit the impact of interference on the use of language. The study employs a cognitive approach to the interrogation of this research subject. The study, although it is largely informed by empirical literature available on the subject, is also vastly informed by the experimental finding. An experimental design, specifically a Stroop task, was employed to elucidate how language use, verbal ability, and the capacity to inhibit the automaticity of language differs across the gender spectrum. The study found that there is a statistically significant correlation between genders in terms of language use, verbal ability, and the capacity to inhibit visual interference, as well as the automaticity of language in the identification of colors. The research concurs with the initial hypothetical assumption that sociolinguistic parameters are effective in studying gender but are by no means the only factors that determine the differences between males' and females' linguistic variation and change. From that perspective, the research recommends the use of both sociolinguistic and cognitive approaches when studying linguistics.
, Ni Luh Sutjiati Beratha, I Nengah Sudipa, Made Budiarsa
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 201-207; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.20

Abstract:
This study aims to discover and analyze the meaning and application of greeting people in Indonesian. The information in this paper was derived from Kick Andy Talkshow episodes from the 2019 season. The theory used in this study is the theory of Indonesian pronouns and nouns, which was developed by Moeliono et al. (2017) refined by the theory from Sneddon et al. (1996). This study employs a qualitative method. This study’s data is in videos, which can be found on the official Kick Andy YouTube channel. Data collection methods and techniques were carried out using non-participatory observation methods. In addition, the qualitative data analysis method was carried out using the theory of Indonesian pronouns and nouns. The results of data analysis are presented using a narrative approach that employs descriptive sentences. According to the analysis findings, presenters and resource persons use pronoun substitutes, namely nouns used to refer to self and the third person, as well as greeting the second person. The use of pronoun substitutes can help the presenter and sourcepersons establish intimacy. Establishing intimacy between the presenter and the resource person can create a fluid atmosphere that makes the sourcepersons feel more at ease.
, Maurice M. Sakwa
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 189-200; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.19

Abstract:
Smallholder farming is the livelihood of a large proportion of the population in developing countries, and agricultural innovations have the potential of enhancing productivity. In Sub-Saharan Africa, maize is a major staple; however, farmers experience heavy losses in post-harvest operations, especially storage. Hermetic storage technologies can preserve grain in quality and quantity, thus ensuring food availability while maintaining their exchange value. Extracting benefits from technology is premised on their adoption and use by farmers. Technology adoption is a process that starts with the diffusion of information about the existence of innovation. The study examined the effect of ease of access to information on technology usability on household food security in Bungoma North Sub-County, in Kenya. This study employed a cross-sectional design, where 394 households were sampled from across all the six locations of Bungoma North Sub County and questionnaires administered. From the factor analysis, household food security was loaded onto two components: food availability and food consumption, while ease of access to information on technology usability was loaded onto one component. Simple linear regression was used to estimate the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variables. Ease of access to information on technology usability had a positive and significant effect on both food availability and food consumption. This study is important in strategizing for productivity enhancement among smallholder farmers and recommends increased awareness on the availability of agricultural technologies.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 1, pp 23-30; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2019.1.1.4

Abstract:
Literature has always been an instrument that reflects the life and times of people of various ages and civilizations. This is the reason why Literature subjects are incorporated in the Philippine curricula from the secondary to the tertiary level. The aim of this course is to broaden the knowledge of academic patrons as regards the realities that engulf a particular society. The researcher has foreseen the importance of Philippine Literature instruction, especially with the advent of K to 12. Thus, this literary research is the proponents’ dissertation which intends to add to the existing methodologies and approaches in the teaching of Philippine Literature in the contemporary. The researcher has come up with an instructional guide that would serve as alternative reference material for Literature teachers in the K to 12 program. However, only three (3) analyses from the instructional guide were included in this journal. This instructional guide takes a detour from the conventional instruction of Literature by focusing on the thematic approach rather than the biographical, historical and regional approach. Furthermore, the study is a breakthrough in Philippine Literature instruction since it would be the first non-empirical study to venture into the thematic facilitation of Philippine letters for grades 11 and 12. The instructional guide explores the literature written by Filipino authors in the past and present in accordance with theme, conflict, and symbol to determine their worth and merits through analytical inquiry. Each literary selection is analyzed using the text as the primary evidence. The thematic evaluation reveals the four main characteristics of the Filipinos: Filipinos are loving and passionate; they are strong and resilient; they are a product of hybridity; they have greatly suffered, but their positivity toward life is always put in the obvious.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 178-188; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.18

Abstract:
The popularity of moving abroad for working and travelling at the same time has started to become a lifestyle that gradually breaks the traditional way of working as salaried workers or being known as a Digital Nomad (Müller, 2016). In Thailand, Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Phuket are the top destinations, especially Chiang Mai, which was once chosen as the world's number 1 destination for digital nomads to move to (Chiangmai buddy, 2017). This study aims to understand the factors of nomads’ migration (Pofeldt, 2017). Qualitative research collected data and in-depth interviews with 11 key informants through a digital nomad community in Chiang Mai. Data analysis was performed through the method of content analysis. The results of the research showed that there were three factors supporting a decision of selecting Chiang Mai as a destination city. The first factor is natural and cultural capital, such as its unique culture, various tourist attractions, food, and diverse nature. The second factor is access to work and communication infrastructures through the internet, cafés, internet prices, and services. The third factor is information exchange networks are built, integrating networks of a digital nomad community in Chiang Mai where opinions are exchanged, and activities are performed constantly. This has led to exchange networks that have made Chiang Mai become a top destination for nomads around the world.
, Ilangko Subramaniam, Rabaa Said Mohamed Aljangawi
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 172-177; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.17

Abstract:
This study aims to elicit information on the discursive methods used by the speakers who lead the congregational groups under inquiry. Additionally, the research attempts to demonstrate if the congregational group's ideology affects the discourse of the dispute. The study of sectarianism in congregational speeches can be derived from Wodak and Meyer's (2001) and Renkema's (2009) perspectives. According to Wodak (2005), five tactics may be employed to expose the influence wielded by specific individuals or organizations. According to Wodak and Meyer (2001), strategy refers to a (more or less precise and more or less purposeful) sequence of behaviours, including discursive acts, used to accomplish a specific social, political, psychological, or linguistic aim. Analyzing the speech in sectarianism can help understand relevant and crucial issues revolving around the speech in congregational groups. Linguistically, it is hoped to assist media audiences of sectarianism in congregational groups to critically and consciously interpret it in congregational groups about this discourse.
Junzhang Chen, , Liang Zheng
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 158-171; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.16

Abstract:
Since the reform and opening up, the city has steadily promoted the renovation of old maternity houses, towns and villages in response to the call of the state, thus promoting urban renewal, realizing urban economic development, industrial upgrading and people's livelihood improvement. The living density of economic housing is high, and the quality needs to be further optimized. However, the current urban renewal needs to improve the living quality of housing to serve the people. Therefore, when planning, constructing and renovating the interior space of public housing and meeting people's basic living conditions, people's intuitive feeling of the environment should be put first, rather than excessive attention to formal beauty—taking the EDF. de Alameda da Tranquilidade in Macau, as an example, based on the theory of space syntax, this paper conducts a convex space analysis and research on the interior space form of the first building of EDF. de Alameda da Tranqui-lidade, including the global integration degree, local integration degree (R=3,6), connectivity, intelligibility, control and Mean Depth, analyze the areas with higher integration, connection value and control value and lower areas, and make suggestions for future plane optimization, related The recommendations also apply to the second and third buildings of Yongning Plaza Building, providing better reference value and reference for relevant government departments.
Ruaa Sadeq Mhmood Al-Akam, Salam Hameed Rasheed
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 143-153; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.14

Abstract:
The current study addressed the study of (The aesthetics of Byzantine Christian art). Its problem was identified by answering the following question: What are the aesthetics of Christian art represented by the Byzantine icon? Also, it aims to (recognize the aesthetics of Byzantine icon art). The research community was identified to achieve the goal, which consisted of icons and religious drawings that the researchers could count as a framework for the research community after collecting pictures of the subject from foreign and Arab sources and Internet sites. The sample was drawn according to the following reasons: a) It covers the temporal and spatial limits of the research and what fits with the data to achieve the goal, b) Diversity of technical methods adopted in drawing icons and c) The study sample models witnessed a diversity of contents and ideas. The research study reached the following conclusions. First, they borrow iconographic products, religious images and semantic symbols related to the Christian tradition and employ them through analytical visual inferences, in harmony with the structural and structural treatments of the elements and organizational foundations. Second, the products of icon art are associated with the nature of the transition from the tangible to the ideal and in line with the loading of the composition structure with an expressive energy, explaining the necessity of interpretation of religious discourse, and defining the operational vision with a clear dramatic sense. Third, the iconographic models depend on philosophical data supporting the religious meaning carried in them and giving endless explanations for the public discourse affecting the functionality of (idea) or (event). Fourth, the models of iconographic art are close to the nature of the functional induction of spiritual and sacred tendencies. At the level of deep interpretations accompanying visual forms with a clear aesthetic impact, we find that icon art carries with it religious reference effects related to the sacred. Lastly, Icon art invests in accumulating aesthetic knowledge to produce the artistic image and summons the largest possible amount of data affecting its formulation and output.
, Sadiq Muhammad Ali Al Husseini
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 154-157; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.15

Abstract:
Parliamentary control over the executive authority is non-judicial. It is based on the Articles of the constitution. The political regime of any country determines the extent and the nature of parliamentary control. The supervisory authority in the parliamentary regime expands. It is based on mutual control by the legislative and executive authorities. The government is responsible before the parliament, which may lead to the withdrawal of confidence. In return, the government has the right of resolving the parliament. Parliamentary control is the evaluation of the executive branch with the purpose of detecting its actions to address violations that affect the basic rules drawing by the law from its administrative activity to determine the response in order to be questioned by the parliament. The present study tackles the role of parliamentary control over the decisions of the Special Committee of the Political Prisoners Foundation and implementing its rules by relevant government agencies.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 131-142; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.13

Abstract:
This study determined the level of self-efficacy, communicative competence, leadership empowering behavior of administrators and teacher effectiveness of teachers in San Isidro North Davao Oriental Division. A descriptive correlational design was used in this study. A total of 75 teachers participated in this study. The respondents were selected through total enumeration since there were only a few teachers in the district. The survey questionnaire was utilized to gather data from the respondents. Mean was utilized to determine the level of self-efficacy, leadership empowering behavior, communicative competence and teacher effectiveness of teachers. Pearson product-moment correlation was used to investigate the relationship between variables. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of self-efficacy, communicative competence and leadership empowering behavior on teacher effectiveness. Furthermore, the best fit model of teacher effectiveness was also investigated. Results revealed that levels of self-efficacy, leadership empowering behavior, communicative competence and teacher effectiveness are high. Moreover, self-efficacy, leadership empowering behavior and communicative competence were found to have a significant positive relationship with teacher effectiveness. Furthermore, both communicative competence and leadership empowering behavior significantly influence teacher effectiveness. Hence, the best fit model illustrates that 28 percent of the variance of teacher effectiveness is explained by the combined influence of communicative competence and leadership behavior.
, Mark Joseph Layug
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 1, pp 36-40; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2019.1.2.5

Abstract:
This study aims to understand the Kapampangan people and their language settling at the heart of Central Luzon or Region III in the Philippines. This study attempts to address the origin of the Kapampangan people, their language and their influences on the Filipino culture as a whole. In spite of the fact that the province of Pampanga is in the midst of the Tagalog, Pangasinese and Ilocano speaking provinces, it remains united in language and, up to this date, used by the native Kapampangans. They believed that it is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family and is also known as Pampango, Capampangan, Pampangueño or Amanung Sisuan. The province also declared that once Spain used it as the seat of the Spanish government in the Philippines. According to some historians, the people of Pampanga played an important role in the campaign for reforms and independence during Spanish, American and Japanese colonization. Kapampangans are very proud of their origin and language that remains the bedrock of their existence. Today, the Province of Pampanga is considered one of the fastest-growing provinces in the Philippines, notwithstanding it was devastated by the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in 1991. Perhaps the behavior and culture of the Kapampangans that made them bounce back from nature’s wrath and, in a short span of time, fully recover and on the track again. The objective of the study is to understand the Kapampangan and its language, origin and development. In particular, it seeks to answer the following: What are the sources of the Kapampangan language? What makes the language unique among other languages? What are the roles of the Kapampangan during colonization? Why the Kapampangan language is an endangered language? The finding of the study: The provincial government of Pampanga, in coordination with the Department of Education, must revive the Pampangan language in all schools in Pampanga as a medium of instruction for Kinder to Grade 12. In coordination with all the cities and towns, the provincial government of Pampanga should practice as part of their official communication the Pampangan language. The provincial government of Pampanga must create a center for Kapampangan Studies. If both Kapampangans make it compulsory to converse in Pampangan The scope of the research concentrates on the Kapampangan language. It will be presented through available records, media interviews and historical data. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of qualitative research methods to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 1, pp 91-105; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2019.1.3.12

Abstract:
The cry and fight for equality among humans can be seen even during time immemorial. The sex clash between the male and female remains the society's problem wherein the female class is regarded as the weak genus compared to the male species. The females are left to take care of the menial household duties, wherein it is for the taking care of the children, the husband and the family as a whole. The duties of the female class may not be disregarded because they perform one of the most important parts of molding the society for the better future as Agoncillo, 1990, “Women before the coming of the Spaniards enjoyed a unique position in society that their descendants during the Spanish occupation did not enjoy. Customary laws gave them the right to be equal to men, for they could own and inherit property, engage in trade and industry, and succeed in the chieftainship of a barangay without a male heir. Then, too, they have the exclusive right to give names to their children. As a sign of deep respect, the men, when accompanying women, walked behind them”. The historian's note plays an important role in reaping and re-empower the women as acknowledged by no less than the supreme law of the land, which is the 1987 Philippine Constitution. This paper aims to revisit and be reminded about the roles of women in society and how it may even further encourage professional treatment in the workplace and in society; specifically, it will look into: What is the meaning of gender and development? What are the legal bases that support the program of government for gender and development programs? How may the government protect the rights of women? The findings of the study: The government must monitor the implementation of the laws. The government and civil society must collaborate to further promote women’s rights. The government must make sure that the distribution of positions in the government is through merit and fitness. The government must be vigilant for female overseas workers and should see to it that they are not being exploited or their rights are violated by foreign employers. The government should invite the participation of all sectors in the proper observance and implementation of the laws, rules and regulations that promote Gender equality The study presented the legal bases through the available data, primarily government documents. The scope of the research concentrates on the policies affecting the rights and interests of women to compare and analyze through the records and media interviews. A case study is appropriate for this study because researchers have used the case study research method for many years across a variety of disciplines. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of this qualitative research method to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 1, pp 17-22; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2019.1.1.3

Abstract:
The most precious among all the rights and freedom accorded to a human is the right not to be restraint by anyone, including the State. When there are restrictions to a person, the presumption always ends up in violation of these rights accorded under the fundamental law and the law of the United Nations. The objective of the study is to inquire into the true intention of democracy and martial rule if they are inconsistent or one of them is really a tool to keep one’s rights and freedom, or there is only one that should exist, and they may not be both exist in one system, meaning the existence of one is nigh and in contrast with the other. Specifically, it aims to discuss the following: What is the meaning of Democracy and Martial law? What are the effects of Martial Law in a Democratic system of government? Why do people fear Martial Law? What are the instances of the declaration of Martial Law? Is Martial Law a means or tool or a system of government? The study will present the legal bases of Democracy and Martial Law through the available data, primarily government documents. The scope of the research concentrates on the laws and policies affecting the government and the people to compare and analyze through the records and jurisprudence. A case study is appropriate for this study because researchers have used the case study research method for many years across a variety of disciplines. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of this qualitative research method to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods. The study pointed to the fact that the people must be informed of the effects and benefits of martial law through government agencies and the media. The local government must also do martial law education for their constituents and by utilizing the barangays. The Dept. of National Defense, The Dept. of Interior and Local Government and the Commission on Human Rights must come out with a clear handbook or guidelines about the effects of martial law on the people. The Dept. of Education and the Commission on Higher Education must devise a curriculum or subject that tackles and discusses martial law effects.
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 1, pp 41-45; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2019.1.2.6

Abstract:
The people of Pampanga envisioned a university that would help them realize their dreams and the generations to come of quality education. To have a university that will deliver quality education at a subsidized cost. They will prefer this school over other schools in Pampanga and Metropolitan Manila because of its century-old delivery of quality education. The vision came into reality by the establishment of the Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University (present name) in 1861. In spite of nature’s wrath and other man-made unfortunate events, the school triumphantly bannered its commitment to deliver quality education at a subsidized cost for the kapampangans. This study aims to understand the reasons behind the stagnant development of the school from its establishment in 1861 up to the time when the current president made tremendous development in a short span of more or less nine years. The objectives of the study are as follows: What made DHVTSU in 2006 expand tremendously? What kind of governance does it exercise? Is it possible to be at par with the National University? The findings of the study: Review the existing guidelines for the research if it conforms with the intention of the university and conformably the international standards. Prioritize or balance the Instruction and Research with the facility development in order for the school to achieve its vision. Review other matters, especially committees that select the researches and make sure that the members comply with the alignment policy of education espoused by the Commission on Higher Education. Create criteria for the faculty to advance their welfare in terms of research-related activities. Review the existing scholarship accommodations to the faculty and make them accessible to all, including non-teaching staff. The study presented the above objectives through the available data, primarily government documents. The scope of the research concentrates on the records and data available and by comparing and analyzing the contents. A case study is appropriate for this study because researchers have used the case study research method for many years across a variety of disciplines. Researcher Robert K. Yin defines the case study research method as an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident. Multiple sources of evidence are used (Yin, 1984, p. 23).
, Yubang Chen
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies, Volume 4, pp 124-130; https://doi.org/10.32996/jhsss.2022.4.1.12

Abstract:
The disruption of natural disasters in agriculture is often seen to have influenced price indices to some extent over a certain period, especially in a relatively isolationist, predominantly agricultural economy such as ancient China. Here we use the information about historical disasters kept in Qing History - Treatise on Famine and Relief and the price indices for each year from 1644 to 1911, exploring the correlation between natural disasters and price indices. We next discuss the other factors that have an impact on the price index to reveal the dynamics of the influence of natural disasters on the price index. Results show that there is a weak correlation between natural disasters and price indices in general, but we find a strong correlation over a long time, and the correlation coefficient rises somewhat in the early Qing, and then decreases with time. We further show that factors such as production capacity, foreign trade and silver flows also had an impact on the price indices no less than natural disasters, and it is clear that the impact of these factors caused the correlation coefficient to change over time.
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