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South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2017, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2017.10028

Abstract:
Bionics is a relatively new interdisciplinary science, which synthesizes the knowledge of biology and other sciences. Industrial designers, architects and engineers find the application of principles and methods of bionics efficient for deriving inspiration and improving their creative thinking.Designers explore natural systems by adopting one of the two main bionic strategies: solution-driven or problem-driven approach. The first one deals with abstraction of the principle in biological systems as an inspiration for application in the product design process. The second one searches for a solution in natural systems for already recognized design problems.We adopted the Bi-directional bionic design method proposed by Versos and Coelho and started to implement it in our educational process. Many student projects have been made and important experience achieved. With this research we wanted to emphasize the possibilities and advantages of the bionic strategy and to offer our contribution for the phase of inspiration for a new product development or an improvement of the existing ones. Our main goal was to apply solution oriented strategy for efficient exploring of nature in the phase of searching for inspiration. We propose several steps in the process of exploration of natural systems followed by identification of important natural solutions and a structured way of documentation in order to become more noticeable and observable to attract an attention of designers and engineers. The recognized natural solutions could become a trigger for inspiration for various design solutions. The proposed strategy could be applied in the education of design and engineering students for improvement of their creativity.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10027

Abstract:
TThese research inquiries into the transformation of complex architectural spatial objects into contemporary garments by implementing creative pattern cutting as an integrated part of the fashion design process. From the architecture design process, a creative process of generating ideas using the human body as the centre point of the creative process, and an understanding of the envelope around that space were implemented and researched in fashion design. A creative construction method evolved using the standard matrix of basic blocks and implementation of the sculptural work by creating three-dimensional paper garment forms. In this way, garment design is created inside - outside. The resulting garment forms visually articulate meanings arising from the architectural design works of Maks Fabiani regarding structure, historical context, content from within the premises and personal sensory experiences. The envisaged results are highly applicable, but, with a theoretical significance, they also open different views on a fashion design development process. The Ƒ2 (Fabiani Fashion) case study was carried out in 2015 by the author Tanja Devetak.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10018

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to assess memory and remembrance in presenting important concepts that establish construction of space, architecture and memorialization of the Holocaust. Some examples of memorials as the visual arts in the evocations of the Holocaust indicate a change in the ideological image of memory and understanding approach to European heritage after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Architecturally, the memorial spaces created a system of allusions, coding of real space and new findings are part of the implementation and presentation of the architecture of memory.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10023

Abstract:
The structures and the functions of a city, its morphology, numerous elements of created places have an identity recognisable in the past, present and future. This identity is visible and noticeable. It is remembered and its represents the picture of a city at any chosen time and space. It is present and repeatable both in real time and space and in our imagined world. It represents a sum of chosen pictures of space in a certain time. The subjective experience of the city (place) is thus equalled with the discontinuity of processes and flows of the city development and what a city is and what it should be. Spatially – time continuity of the development of the city is much more complicated and complex picture that, unfortunately, is not visible and memorised enough unless based on deeper analytical procedure and supported by technical – technological systems of contemporary simulation and modelling of space and time. The city is a continuous creation where only the part of its reality and our experience is visible. The other part consists of invisible processes that maintain this continuity and that need not be clearly visible and familiar. They are obtained by mentioned analyses of integrated space and time (space-time) and represent a sort of balance to the visible state of a city structure. The architects and urbanists, but also other participants in the creation and maintenance of city content need that balance in the process of giving thought out procedures and guidelines for planning and design where the knowledge on the relation of causes and consequences is inevitable.
Tina Krliu
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-198; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10024

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: The population of people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is rapidly increasing worldwide. While in Republic of Macedonia there is no formal special care for people with AD, developed countries are expanding on both the typology of their care homes and services they offer for people with AD. The Macedonian aging population is in need of long-term care (LTC) options tailored to meet the special needs of people with AD.AIM: The aims of this study are (i) to explore the Macedonian approach to the problem of creating LTC environments for people with AD, as compared to the approach of a developed country through the example of Canada, and (ii) to identify successful interior design characteristics that would meet the special needs of people with AD. METHODS: The study begins by reviewing existing literature with the purpose of obtaining knowledge about the common clinical symptoms of AD (i.e. memory problems and behavior) and how these changes have an impact on the interaction between AD individuals and the physical environment they live in. For the purposes of the study, a fieldtrip was conducted in two LTC homes in Toronto (Canada) offering special 24 hour care for people with AD, and one LTC home in Skopje (Macedonia) that includes people with AD in their care program. The interior design of LTC homes was described through photographs, plans, observations and a description of the spaces used by people with AD. For a controlled analysis of the recorded environments, the 'Evaluation of Older People's Living Environments (EVOLVE)' questionnaire was used. RESULTS: The identified qualities from the case studies, and the lessons learned throughout the analysis of the key design elements, were used towards developing a list of suggestions for modifying the interior of the Macedonian LTC home. The developed suggestions were classified into two groups: (1) proposals for minimal constructional modifications of the interior environment, and (2) proposals for major constructional modifications of the interior environment. CONCLUSION: While the suggested modifications are not final changes of the LTC environment, they are an important step towards developing a design strategy for providing 24 hour care for people with AD in Macedonia.
Erdin Salihović,
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10026

Abstract:
The traditional architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina echoes historical and cultural narratives of ancient Ottoman patriarchal society. The Oriental culture had specifically defined the way in which the gender roles in family and society were manifested in the domestic space, and vice versa, space itself was shaped according to the criterion of gender. While exploring the gender criterion of differentiation of space in the traditional Bosnian residential architecture, this paper will particularly focus on the link between female identity and the spatial characteristics of the traditional Bosnian house. Critical evaluation of elements and principles that compose the traditional model of residential space within its cultural and historical context will be followed by a contemporary insight and interpretation of its universal architectural meanings.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10025

Abstract:
AIM: The aim of this research is to examine the importance of community participation in education and social infrastructure in Peri - Urban of Tirana city.MATERIAL AND METHODS: This research states that “involvement of community” is a direct response to giving the community a voice in shaping their future environment to promote urban regeneration in combination with the respecting of the principle of sustainability.RESULTS: This rich picture of community participation and urban planning brings an improver's eye to the real issue on the ground, focused mainly on the guidelines set by the European Union. The goal of the project participation which generates public space, beyond the values that carry on improving the quality of life for the citizens – can illustrate how urban regeneration projects may have a huge impact on the entire city life. The result is to create an area which improves profits and a good lifestyle; re-conceptualization of investment as an investment in urban infrastructure, an investment that can have a large impact even with a relatively low cost.CONCLUSIONS: This article emphasises the need for a real metamorphose to all barriers between builders and users which must be abolished so that building and usage become two different parts, of the same planning process.
, Tatjana Kandikjan
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10022

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Mass customized products are achievable due to the advancements in the technologies and software engineering. Mass customization has become necessity for the contemporary production companies. At the same time, that means lot of complication in the engineering, production and logistic processes. Altogether, the complete process of customization costs time and money, which implies additional charges to the customized product.BACKGROUND: Mass customized products are achievable due to the advancements in the technologies and software engineering. Mass customization has become necessity for the contemporary production companies. At the same time, that means lot of complication in the engineering, production and logistic processes. Altogether, the complete process of customization costs time and money, which implies additional charges to the customized product.AIM: The aim of this research is gathering knowledge in the field of additive technologies and parametric modeling.MATERIAL AND METHODS: The gathered knowledge is used in order to help non-designers and designers, both with no knowledge in computer-aided design (CAD) systems and additive technologies. The main idea behind the product configuration model (PCM), proposed in this paper is to enable user-friendly interface, easy to use for novice CAD users. In that manner user can design its own product as a CAD model.RESULTS: With the technologies like additive technologies, new possibilities emerge. These technologies completely change the process of designing and producing a new product. The size of the series and complexity of the geometry is no obstacle and more important does not apply additional charges. That means that one can order unique product to be produced especially for him/her and have it delivered in short period. With the decrease price of machines for additive technologies, mainly fused deposition modeling (FDM) machines, the number of home-owned machines has increased. Therefore, the users can produce at home anything that they designed or bought as CAD model online.CONCLUSION: Having in mind that most of them are not familiar with CAD modeling, in this paper, we are proposing product configuration model for creating personalized parts.
Florian Nepravishta
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10019

Abstract:
AIM: Tirana is a city that in transition period has been changed and transformed both architecturally and in its urban form.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Unavoidable changes in urban rush: from unregulated spontaneous development and without infrastructure it has gone through the urban redevelopment planning and architectural projects.RESULTS: Actually some of the most famous European studios, from Bolles+Wilson to MVRDV, AtenaStudio, Bjarke Ingels, Archaea Studio, Grimshaw, Daniel Libeskind are facing Tirana capital that has claimed the international architectural culture’s attention.CONCLUSION: This article draws a view of contemporary architecture produced by domestic and international architects and planners in a city looking through the new century with a will of renewal throw contemporary planning and architecture.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-180; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10020

Abstract:
AIM: This research examines the important issue of energy efficient improvements to the existing building stock through building envelope upgrade. To facilitate this, the energy performance characteristics of the existing building stock were identified with a view to establishing an existing building stock type, where building envelope upgrades can contribute to a higher level of energy efficiency improvements. The literature review along with the selected building precedents was used to establish the best current practice for building envelope upgrades. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Established building precedents and identified best practice for building envelope upgrade, a high rise block of flats was identified and used as a case study, with the current and predicted, following building envelope upgrade, energy performance of the building calculated. This has allowed us to identify the possible energy efficiency improvements for this type of building following the building envelope upgrade. RESULTS: In the projected case, the building with energy class - "D" become class "B". In addition, increased quality of the living room in the attic was enabled. It was possible to obtain a decrease of the heating energy from 130.76 kWh/m²a to 37.73 kWh/m²a or to jump in the class "B" of energetic passport.CONCLUSION: This research contributes to the local implementation of the global agenda for sustainable development, design and construction, and it demonstrates the possible way and level of energy efficiency improvements to the least efficient building stock through existing building envelope upgrade.
, Borche Iliev, Ivo Spiroski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10013

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: The paper analyzes the properties of medium density fiberboards (MDF) intended for furniture production and interior application. Because MDF panels are one of the mostly used wood-based panels in furniture production sector in the Republic of Macedonia it is important to know and understand their basic physical and mechanical properties. AIM: For better understanding of MDF panels and their proper end use by the furniture constructors and designers, physical and mechanical properties of MDF panels present in the market are tested.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Commercially produced MDF panels taken from one company from wood-based panel market were tested. Evaluation of the quality of the panels was made on the basis of the obtained results for the physical and mechanical properties of the panels. Properties of MDF were tested according to the national MKS standards and European norms.RESULTS: Tested MDF panels present on our market are characterized by good physical and mechanical properties that meet the requirements of the standards for MDF for use in dry conditions including furniture production and interior applications.CONCLUSIONS: It is recommended to avoid application of these MDF panels in high humidity conditions for a longer exploitation period. For this kind of applications, such as bathroom areas, the furniture constructors and interior designers should consider use of MDF.H type of panel for application in high humidity conditions, which will provide good dimensional stability of the products during whole exploitation period.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10015

Abstract:
AIM: This article is directly addressing to various aspects of the folklore heritage, postcolonial studies and their influence on the development of the national idea and creating a national culture that participates in the of cultural identity.METHODS: Home premise is that some models of colonial discourse considered in the theoretical concept of postcolonial studies, are being reflective on the Balkans as well. The tradition which constitutes of culture and art, as well as a selection of different practices, meanings, gender, class and racial identification. Perceiving the intangible cultural heritage, folk culture as the context of social and cultural development of contemporary cultural policy, art production and development of the creative sector.RESULTS: This kind of problematization seems necessary and appears as a form of reaction to the emergence of globalization, post-colonialism, imperialism, and similar forms of government which are based on various power relations as an increasingly intense process of continually pose challenges to understanding and redefining their own heritage in the context of finding a national, cultural and Balkan identity.CONCLUSION: In this context, creativity of Dragutin Inkiostri Medenjak (1866) during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century is being imposed as an appropriate choice for argument of the initial thesis.
, Dejana Nedučin
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10012

Abstract:
AIM: The aim of this research is to present the outcomes of urban transformations during the post-socialist period in Novi Sad, Serbia, from the aspect of quality of public spaces for children.MATERIAL AND METHODS: This research is a contribution to the process of designing public spaces for children in the times of rapid urban changes and a step forward to creating adequate places for children’s play.RESULTS: The socialist legacy of architectural design and urban planning strategies in terms of housing was altered by the new post-socialist patterns. Residential construction became insufficiently regulated and predominantly profit-driven, which resulted in a disregard of the value public spaces for children should have.CONCLUSIONS: Upon analysing public spaces for children in the city after transition, it can be concluded that there is a significant shortage of attractive places for gathering, play and other leisure activities in many of newly built urban neighbourhoods. It also seems that architects and urban planners did not pay much attention to children’s needs. The distribution of public spaces, their proportions and dimensions, programs and contents, should all be planned with the aim to create harmony between spaces and their users, making the whole process of socialization more successful and intensive.
, Mia Andrašević
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10014

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Industrial complexes and technical culture complexes are significant morphological elements of the city.AIM: This paper focuses on the two European towns and showcases: Bilbao in Spain and Zagreb in Croatia.MATERIAL AND METHODS: The extravagant project of Gehry’s started the reformation of the Bilbao with growth of tourism and profit in general. Beside the urban regeneration, it started the trend of star-architects building their masterpieces one next to another along the river Nervion. This paper focuses on two complexes of technical culture buildings in Zagreb, presenting early conversion versus still unsolved regeneration.RESULTS: Former industrial city of Bilbao is nowadays a symbol of contemporary architecture featured by Guggenheim Museum and designed by Frank Ghery. It featured urban regeneration and numerous other examples of the contemporary architecture. This paper focuses as well on conversion of former wine-storage for mixed-use complex designed by Philippe Starck. The initial idea of the project was to revive the dying neighborhood because of the gentrification caused by the Guggenheim Museum. Zagreb intensive development in recent 150 years is based on industrialization process. After intensive deindustrialization, regeneration of redundant industrial complexes and technical culture buildings is segmented. Although the most prominent regenerations are significant architectural achievements winning the most prominent architectural awards, numerous complexes are awaiting for the conversions. Many of them are left to decay, or were demolished promptly, offering attractive location for new buildings that have been raised. This paper focuses on two complexes of technical culture buildings in Zagreb, presenting early conversion versus still unsolved regeneration. The first one is the avant-garde example of conversion of Tannery building for the Glypthotek of Yugoslav, i.e. Croatian Academy of Science and Art. The other example is Zagreb Fair, which realization since 1955 has initialized urbanization of late modern New Zagreb. Decay of Fair function, led to provisory or designed conversion of pavilions for new purposes, but the integral regeneration still is still missing.CONCLUSION:Urban regeneration should be considered seriously, and lead to transformation to contemporary city of 21st century.
Milena Metalkova-Markova
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10016

Abstract:
AIM: This paper aims to establish a method for a micro-design intervention as a social acupuncture used to stimulate sustainable development consciousness among young students during fieldwork in mountain and rural areas of Bulgaria.MATERIAL AND METHODS: A theoretical framework of a sustainable approach for a micro-design intervention is established on the base of the phenomenological approach of Yuhani Pallasmaa, the concept of eco-museum type of endogeneous rural development by Toshio Mitsuhashi and the design philosophy of “Rural Studio” in USA. At the Department of History and Theory of Architecture at the Faculty of Architecture there are annual summer fieldworks for students of architecture usually organized at various mountain or rural villages within the country. Students are asked to conduct research on vernacular architecture, community relationships and local cultural milieau as part of their education curricula during the second year of their studies and in the 5th year as a pre-diploma architectural practice. By means of micro-design interventions at focal public points or buildings students tried to find a way to activate people environmental consciousness and attitudes to their immediate environment. The main aim of the fieldworks was to connect research with a Design & Make approach in order to catalyze citizen participation in a fusion with an environmental education.RESULTS: These practical experiences seek to transform the research theory of sustainable environmental design into a pragmatic strategy to strengthen environmental consciousness for young generations of students in architecture in Bulgaria. Working and living together in rural or mountain traditional environments, trying to understand and assist local people by creating micro-design interventions is one of the best ways to heighten environmental design consciousness by an immersion in the milieau of local culture and community relationships.CONCLUSION: A socially sustainable micro-design intervention as a strategy is only possible by combining the tools of an anthropologist and a designer or in other words by finding the intersection and cross-fertilization points between the cultural values of insiders and observers.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2016.10017

Abstract:
Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse current scientific impact of published papers about architecture from South East Europe in the Scopus database (1962-2015).Material and Methods: Document search of the Scopus database was performed on October 13, 2015 about architecture in the Scopus Database (1962-2015). A total number of 572,489 documents worldwide were identified with “architecture” in the title, abstract or keywords. By limitation to South East European countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Kosovo, Moldova, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey, and Italy) only 42,356 documents were separated (7.4% of all documents). Selected documents were analyzed by year, source, author, country/territory, document type, and subject area.Results: From the total number of 572,489 documents worldwide, only 42,356 documents or 7.4% of all documents were defined as regional from the South East Europe. The biggest number of published papers was published in Proceedings of SPIE the International Society of Optical Engineering. Top three authors were: Benini L, Sciuto D, and Soudris D. Authors affiliated to Politecnico di Milano published the biggest number of papers about architecture. The waist of papers in the period of 1962 to 2015 from architecture in the Scopus Database was published by the authors from Italy, Greece, United States, and Turkey. Half of the published papers were conference paper. Computer Science was the most often subject with 45.9% of all papers, engineering was on the second place with 43.7%, and mathematics with 11.6%.Conclusion: Authors and officials of the academic institutions in South East European countries, dealing with architecture, should prepare more scientific papers in academic journals which are indexed in Scopus database.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2016, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seead.2016.10016

Abstract:
AIM: This paper aims to establish a method for a micro-design intervention as a social acupuncture used to stimulate sustainable development consciousness among young students during fieldwork in mountain and rural areas of Bulgaria.MATERIAL AND METHODS: A theoretical framework of a sustainable approach for a micro-design intervention is established on the base of the phenomenological approach of Yuhani Pallasmaa, the concept of eco-museum type of endogeneous rural development by Toshio Mitsuhashi and the design philosophy of “Rural Studio” in USA. At the Department of History and Theory of Architecture at the Faculty of Architecture there are annual summer fieldworks for students of architecture usually organized at various mountain or rural villages within the country. Students are asked to conduct research on vernacular architecture, community relationships and local cultural milieau as part of their education curricula during the second year of their studies and in the 5th year as a pre-diploma architectural practice. By means of micro-design interventions at focal public points or buildings students tried to find a way to activate people environmental consciousness and attitudes to their immediate environment. The main aim of the fieldworks was to connect research with a Design & Make approach in order to catalyze citizen participation in a fusion with an environmental education.RESULTS: These practical experiences seek to transform the research theory of sustainable environmental design into a pragmatic strategy to strengthen environmental consciousness for young generations of students in architecture in Bulgaria. Working and living together in rural or mountain traditional environments, trying to understand and assist local people by creating micro-design interventions is one of the best ways to heighten environmental design consciousness by an immersion in the milieau of local culture and community relationships.CONCLUSION: A socially sustainable micro-design intervention as a strategy is only possible by combining the tools of an anthropologist and a designer or in other words by finding the intersection and cross-fertilization points between the cultural values of insiders and observers.
Petar Pejic, , Sonja Krasic, Risto Tashevski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10011

Abstract:
The presentation of existing architectural objects is most often done because of its historic significance or design values. Contemporary methods of presentation imply the use of digital perspective images, videos, virtual reality or augmented reality. Augmented reality (AR) is computer technology where the perception of the user is enhanced by the seamless blending between real environment and computer-generated virtual objects coexisting in the same space. In this paper a case study of AR use for existing architectural object presentation for “Ada Bridge” across Sava River in Belgrade is presented.
, , Predrag Sidjanin
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10010

Abstract:
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to highlight a new paradigm in the urban design practice, assigning a possible role to computer cognition in architecture.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computer cognition is a synthesis of theories of cognitive science and the latest artificial intelligence-based computer principles. First, the development of computer systems used in architecture and urban design has been examined with the emphasis that one of the most important representations of urban systems is based on the cognitive aspect of urban environment.RESULTS: Thus, the relationship between urban environment and cognitive science and computer science has been established. A framework of the implementation of computer technology into the urban design process has also been created.CONCLUSIONS: Through the research framework of the new urban design tool – named DesignTool – the paper presents the initial theoretical postulates concerning the urban environment from the aspect of cognitive perception and their genesis.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10009

Abstract:
„We shape our buildings and afterwards, our buildings shape us,” is a quote by W. Churchill that illustrates the importance of the person – environment – well being relationship. Although there is no environmental determinism, our surrounding is an important factor in the way we feel and perform in build spaces. Environmental psychology developed numerous tools for analysing and evaluating these influences. Not all of these findings come to the attention of architects or designers or people in charge of public buildings (schools, health institutions, etc). The paper exposes some of the environmental psychology recommendations (importance of light, presence of nature) that can influence our behaviour and that we are usually not aware of. Apart from contemporary research there are some traditional arts that bring the spiritual dimension to the design of the built environment. The paper presents Chinese feng shui, as an example of design approach, which uses the manipulation of life force qi for a more supportive living environment. Finally the project of the Vital house is shown as an example of successful combination of contemporary and traditional approaches.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10008

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Interaction of literature, visual and performing arts as well as media, especially in the second half of the twentieth century, has substantially transformed the technical and artistic resources the theatre uses. AIM: The aim of this study is to present determination, consequence and assumption as parts of Space in the 20th Century Theatre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three aspects of the architecture were described in details: determination, consequence and assumption of the space in the 20th century theatre. RESULTS: The idea of theatre is conveyed through houses, books, research documents, history and theory, but it is also conveyed through "theatre people". This concept, can be and must be understood the two ways: as a guideline for a highly heterogeneous and inarticulate "global tribe", and at the same time, as the common name for members of a particular theatre - the theatre as a troupe, or theatre as a movement, but mostly the theatre as an institution of what we often call “the theatre house”. CONCLUSION: The causal system of relationships between the theatre house, theatre people and theatre as an idea (or the idea of theatre) is the central theme of my understanding of the definitions, values and purpose of theatre.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-60; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10005

Abstract:
Today, the basic problems of architectural and urban design of the cities, is the way of connecting the urban fragments of the city as a whole and link them with different and important area of the city development, which is essential for the circulation and dynamics of the city. Specific urban fragments are connected or disconnected parts of the city that are recognizable as traces of the different layers of urban transformation through a consecutive publication of historical and structural processes that create a singular image of the city as a city collage-patch.The theoretical framework of the research concerns the theoretical concepts, movement of metabolism towards symbiosis, through works of: REM Koolhaas_”Project Japan”; Fuhimiko Maki_“Exploring the collective form”; Kisho Kurokawa_“Philosophy of Symbiosis”, Kenzo Tange_“Lineage of urban design” and The Urban Master Plan for the Reconstruction of Skopje; defining architecture as a living process; the relationship between architecture and its environment, in- between spaces etc.The analytical part includes analysis of existing sites through which passes river Serava. The three selected locations represent the permanence and the variability of the city in terms of unrelated parts and difficult to access, divided zones.Symbiosis as a model of intervention clearly define the concept of connecting urban public green spaces: City Park and area around cultural, historical monument Aquеduct and temporary housing arising from the same link; is aimed at a new time, or movement in different dimension of existence: the symbiosis of man and nature, a symbiosis of people and technology, a symbiosis of commerce and culture, a symbiosis of public and private, a symbiosis of different cultures, a symbiosis of work and play, a symbiosis of industry and society, a symbiosis of city and rural environment, a symbiosis of part and whole, etc.This study is generated by a new form of architecture and urban planning and sustainable development of the city, preliminary attempt to preserve the openness of the river Serava as an important natural resource that has an impact on the environment, converting it into a recreation area with pedestrian and bicycle paths that connects different zones; and place a new type of sustainable future transport - Еco cars. The urban connecting promenade offer and present different activities: temporary housing, public services, shops, kids playground, social spaces, workshops, exhibition spaces, and at the same time occupy free territories transforming into urban agriculture fields in a way to attract and to socialize different groups of users during the food production.The project is an experiment for a possible conceptual architecture and urban sustainable city development, according to the changing realities. The primary concept of the projectincludes scenarios of different transformations of the basic type, the area among public and private, define new lifestyles, spatial and programmatic mixes. In that sense, housing is a contextual element, not as objects but more as texture, as a condition of the field, that is moving into a rhythm, from the object to the composition
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2015, pp 1-108; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10001

Abstract:
The aim of this thesis is to analyse and to present heterogeneous concepts during projection of facilities of good manufacturing practice and human biobank.Feasibility study for bio banks of stem cells is prepared for one current health institution in Republic of Macedonia. The space covers 105 square meters for biobank for stem cells, as well as additional space. With this projects program are defined requested needs of the investor during preparation of the basic project for the biobank for stem cells. The prepared architectural – constructive solution allow smooth flow of the technology defined by the investor. The solution is optimal related to the function, construction and economics. It was established that in the Republic of Macedonia there is not present any kind of bank for stem cells, but there are present several liaison offices for collection and deposition of stem cells from several foreign countries. It is necessary to project, construct and to put in function several banks for stem cells in the Republic of Macedonia in order to fulfil the needs of patients with malignant diseases
Gordan Petrov
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10004

Abstract:
We are witnessing a dynamic development of our society, which undoubtedly require integration of new architectural concepts that will suit the modern way of life in the city. Subject of analysis and design of this master thesis is the contemporary transformations of urban texture in marginalized areas which undoubtedly belong and are part of the urban fabric, finding an alternative solution for the physical and social devastating processes that are fragmenting and deconstructing the residential tissue of the city. The first part of this paper treats topics that indicate different types of upgrading and layering of the urban tissue, followed by a number of historical examples and projects. The next step is chronological and morphological decomposition of Skopje, recognizing the urban fragments in the city and the urban layers created at the end of the XIX and throughout the XX century. The design concept for the chosen fragment is a totally new re-thinking for a possible transformation; it fits the current needs and resolves the existing problems but in the same time it is a recognizable, in terms of that is based on the already processed theories of transformation and reconstruction of the city. The project proposes to retain the existing structure of the neighborhood (Novo Maalo), not because it is in good physical condition, but because of the very people and for their convenience of the human scale space, the atmosphere that reigns in the neighborhood, a sense of belonging and of course, the social aspect of the neighborhood. It allows through tactics of upgrading or adding another, parallel level of the new neighborhood, shape defined by the street pattern of the neighborhood. The line bridge structure functionally connects two parts of the city, also retaining and complementing quality of life and finally giving a response to the current destructive processes of the housing texture in the neighborhood.
Emilija Sofeska
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2015.10003

Abstract:
Cities as complex and multilayer systems are part of a sustainable policy, because they are huge consumers of resources and show clear signs of unsustainable behavior. Cities around the world today are faced with intense degradation, pollution, overpopulation, etc. Sustainable development refers to the environmental, economic and sociological processes in the city and its physical structure. Researchers and planners are therefore encouraged to think about the city that will focus on self-regulation. Therefore challenge for this research. This research paper explores the relationship between urban development and sustainable development through the relevant factors and indicators in the methodology of sustainable urban planning. The knowledge obtained should help considers and methods for encourage sustainable urban planning thought in the Republic of Macedonia.The subject of this research is implementation of sustainable concepts and how they affect the methodology of urban planning. In this sense, the focus is on identifying the indicators and factors relevant to sustainable development where the aim is to systematize the concepts of sustainable urban development and operationalization in urban planning documentation and development of the city Skopje.This paper attempts to encourage research and further deepening the methodology of sustainable urban planning. Given the nature of this research work consistently are observed ambitions that I had in conducting and systematization of the factors that reflect sustainable urban development, while, in exposure to the material and setting up of the thesis, parallel are reviewed several aspects that are distributed concentrically and are embedded in the concluding observations of the actual state of the model implementations in the planning of the city of Skopje
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2014.001

Abstract:
The aim of this thesis is to analyse and to present heterogeneous concepts during projection of facilities of good manufacturing practice and human biobank. Feasibility study for bio banks of stem cells is prepared for one current health institution in Republic of Macedonia. The space covers 105 square meters for biobank for stem cells, as well as additional space. With this projects program are defined requested needs of the investor during preparation of the basic project for the biobank for stem cells. The prepared architectural – constructive solution allow smooth flow of the technology defined by the investor. The solution is optimal related to the function, construction and economics. It was established that in the Republic of Macedonia there is not present any kind of bank for stem cells, but there are present several liaison offices for collection and deposition of stem cells from several foreign countries. It is necessary to project, construct and to put in function several banks for stem cells in the Republic of Macedonia in order to fulfil the needs of patients with malignant diseases.
Ana Zdravkova
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2021, pp 1-94; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2021.10059

Abstract:
The goal of this master thesis is to research and develop a methodology for adaptable reconstruction of specific aspects from traditional Macedonian objects, in order to obtain inspiration for new designer products. The new products, either through their appearance or their functionality, will strive to maintain the cultural aspects, in order to enable a stronger relationship with the end users. The main focus of this master thesis is the conducted research to find which design elements and principles are authentic for the Macedonian handcrafted objects and how to implement them in contemporary industrial design and infuse them with the recognizable traditional values. The aim is to extract a general overview of forms by analysing functional objects, while recognizing the elements and principles from decorative items that have the highest cultural alue. Both types of objects add up to the feeling of identity in a time when design trends, aesthetics and functionalities are adopted from global trends overthrowing the local ones. In the making of this master thesis contemporary methods and procedures are applied. First, an verview of scientific literature will be made in the fields of aesthetics that cover the application and meaning of elements and principles in design, and their influence on design aesthetics. At the same time an overview of the influence of tradition in other cultures will be made, as well as the contribution of tradition in elevating the emotional value of products. The final goal of this thesis is the formation of a methodology or a strategy that will be used to xtract visual characteristics of Macedonian traditional objects and explore its applications in modern design products with recognizable Macedonian cultural and traditional attributes. A selection of traditional examples has been made and has been sorted in a few categories. Through observation of the examples, the collected data has been categorized by identifying the characteristic forms, colours, tones, textures and materials. The forms are reinterpreted by applying principle of deconstructivism. The end result of this phase is a base of characteristic elements (form, colour, tones, textures and materials) and characteristic principles (composition, rhythm, balance, simplicity, achieving unity, etc.), which carry the visual recognisability in acedonian tradition. And finally, this base is applied as an inspiration toolset for designing specific products, whose visual characteristics reflect upon the recognisability of Macedonian culture and identity.
Dimitar Papasterevski, Aleksandar Radevski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2021, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2021.10058

Abstract:
The post-earthquake rebuilding of Skopje provided valuable examples of modernist architecture that deserve to be included in the category of a protected building heritage. A prominent instance is the elementary school named after the famous Swiss educator and pedagogue "Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi", the first example in this area that introduces the practical application of deeply thought-out methods of integral education promoted by him in the early 19th century. Many contemporary architects have incorporated the efficient use of this educational concept, including the renowned Swiss architect Alfred Roth, creating a unique sample of a school that includes specific geographic and regional features (climatic, seismic, cultural - aesthetic). In terms of properties, the building contains originality, rarity, and aesthetic-artistic value. With reference to other criteria, it also includes the value of authentic preservation, which is in crisis without adoption of adequate and prompt protection and restoration measures. In respect of protecting the school from further destruction, the Swiss Embassy in Skopje made an official request for a study and design documents for the school reconstruction by detecting all critical issues, developed and executed by the expert team from the Faculty of Architecture in Skopje. This paper, which is based on the results of the research, conducted by us as a part of the group, aims to elaborate the methodological approach of the analyses contained in the study, which, as a pre-design procedure, provided a solid base for developing design documents. A significant component of the study that needs to be emphasized was the use of computer technology throughout the work process, using parametric insertion of structural and other elements of the building's architecture into a 3D model. This approach allowed the generation of architectural details across any part of the facility in an exact form, which proved extremely useful through the process of constructing the design documents.
Špela Kryžanowski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2021, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2021.10057

Abstract:
Chinese feng shui is well-researched in social sciences but under-researched regarding its impact on the well-being of users. The main problem is the isolation of feng shui effects. Participants (n=134) provided a photograph of their bedroom onto which feng shui recommendations were sent long distance (for 4 months), using an instrumental biocommunication device with a computer, white-noise diode and fengshui recommendations database. Three groups were formed, one acted as control (double-blind protocol). Data was collected through self- evaluating questionnaires (n=10) on the quality of sleep and well-being. Data were statistically evaluated with R environment using linear mixed models and the analyses of variables: feng shui support, stress, age and bedroom evaluation. Results for sleep show feng shui as the most statistically significant variable (p=<0.001). For each day the value increases by 0.003 on the Likert scale 1-5. In 120 days, it increases by 0.36. The impact is dynamic and in direct connection with the level of our living environment satisfaction, stress and age. For well-being most statistically significant are stress (p<0.001) and the interaction of feng shui and bedroom rating (p<0.001). Positive feng shui impact is highest for participants without stress and low satisfaction with the bedroom environment.
Aleksandar Petanovski,
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2021, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2021.10049

Abstract:
INTRODUCTION: The old rural architecture in Macedonia is insufficiently studied and in many villages is in the process of extinction, especially in Western Macedonia where there are many villages whose inhabitants have emigrated. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this research is the folk architecture of the house in the village of Leshok, near Tetovo, and getting acquainted with the other types of objects that are part of the rural-economic yard and are inextricably linked to the daily work, life and customs of the peasant from this region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For analysis of the traditional architecture of the houses in the village of Leshok from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, 10 typical houses with different structure and location are chosen, which are identified and displayed by the Google Earth search engine. RESULTS: The basic characteristics of the architecture of the village house in Leshok are explained, where the economic yard together with the economic objects are included. The functional solutions of the foundations of houses from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century are shown, the constructions used in the house of Leshok are described, as well as the materials that were used for their construction. In the end we get acquainted with the interior and the design of the premises in the old Macedonian house. CONCLUSION: Leshok belongs to the group of mountain villages of compact type. The configuration of the terrain, the dead riverbed, dictated the way of construction, where the houses are placed one above the other and each has a clear view of the valley. In that way, the basic architectural features of the Leshok house are formed. It is a typical mountain house built of stone and wood, on two floors and with an open veranda.
Ahmet Hadrovic
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2021, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.3889/10.3889/seejad.2021.10051

Abstract:
The Dzider familyʹs house in the Crnoc village near Kakanj is located on the flat terrain of a steep slope with southwestern insolation (Figure 1). It is one of a large number of relatively preserved bosnian chardaklia houses in the area of Kakanj, in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina where the most developed types of Bosnian chardaklia house were built (Figure 2). The house was built during the reign of the Ottoman Empire (before the 19th century), but to date it has undergone a number of reconstructions and renovations[1]. It belongs to the type of two-tracts bosnian chardaklija house. One of the most valuable features of this house (except for its age) is the fact that it was erected on a living water source, which is still in the basement of the house today.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10055

Abstract:
Living in a time of uncertain future, the home is in a constant process of re-thinking; from pluralization and individualization in the society and discontinuation with historical models, to social and spatial mobility, rational choice and availability of resources, leisure time and changing socio-demographic characteristics and the buildup of social fragmentation, there is a need for a re-qualification of the home as a way of identification. The term lifestyle, way of life or style of life in the contemporary society is often used in mainstream culture, media and marketing, but the term has a long theoretical background in early social research. From the individual psychology research of Alfred Adler’s style of life, through Pierre Bourdieu’s hierarchical models, lifestyles constitute the entirety of the actions of man in given conditions of the context. Can lifestyles emerge from the static and dynamic processes of social stratification, or can they transform their properties in the contemporary society of globalization? The research of the social structure (the way of life) and the material structure (architecture) of chosen areas of the city of Skopje in which we can find the idea of collective form, from the traditional Novo maalo neighborhood and living in the house, the courtyard and the street, to the community living in the atrium building of the Railway workers, the vertical dwellings on the bank of the river Vardar, emerging from the horizontal structure of the open and transit City Trading Center, to the small ring of the center of the city defined by the blocks and towers of the City Wall. The research is carried through 182 questionnaires of inhabitants in these areas, operationalizing lifestyles in empirical research. Can lifestyle become an analytical and in the same time generative tool for the future habitat models?
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10054

Abstract:
Architecture, as one of the oldest areas of human activity, describes several categories that seem to be effective today: firmitas, utilities, venustas. But on the other hand, almost every period re-examines and reinterprets these terms. What is happening today? Are there old provisions still? Can we create new ones or expand, modify or re-create them? This paper evaluates the term of the architectural theme to contribute to the creation of a kind of critical vocabulary of contemporary architecture in the context of understanding architectural thought. Different ways of understanding/interpreting an architectural term can lead us to a new and different way of understanding and comprehending architecture itself in a modern changing world. This paper considers the relationship between fractal geometry and architecture as they respond to complexity and order, through the architectural term “self-similarity”.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10050

Abstract:
The Osmic familyʹs house in Mala Brijesnica near Gracanica is located on flat terrain, on a slope with southwestern exposure. The house was built by Mr. Redzo Osmic in 1920-1926 years. The house is one of the most preserved examples of the authentic bosnian chardaklia house in Gracanica, but also in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a whole. The Osmic familyʹs house in Mala Brijesnica near Gracanica, according to the disposition of their horizontal plans, belongs to the type of three-tracs bosnian chardaklia house, which was developed through the basement, ground floor and first floor in a vertical slab. The dispositions of the horizontal plans of the house are designed in such a way that the house can be divided both horizontally and vertically into more autonomous housing units, which is one of the specifics of the Bosnian chardaklia house. According to its spatial concept, construction and materialization, and securing the cryptoclimate of space, the Osmic family house is an example of traditional bioclimatic architecture in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Ahmet Hadrović
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10047

Abstract:
Bjelasnica Mountain occupies a central place in the geographical area of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Due to this fact, its altitude (2067 m), it is the border between Bosnia, on the one hand, and Herzegovina, on the other, and the border between the changed mediterranean and continental climates (while Bjelasnica itself has a mountainous to alpine climate). Due to these natural inputs, Bjelasnica is a „rain and snow catcher“, and because of its geological structure (mostly limestone), it is also the largest reservoir of water in B&H. That is why Bjelasnica is considered to be the „mother of B&H“, since at its base there are springs of two of the most important rivers in B&H (Bosnia and Neretva), and on its own (plateau of Bjelasnica) a large number of springs, watercourses, permanent lakes and bars. Natural conditions have been a magnet for inhabiting the Bjelasnica plateau, from prehistory to the present. Due to its specific natural values, in a combination of favorable social environment, Bjelasnica (with Jahorina, Trebevic and the city of Sarajevo itself) hosted the 14th Winter Olympic Games (1984) and subsequently hosted several FIS-races. The Umoljani village (geographical coordinates: 43° 40' 12.81'' N, 18° 13' 41.39'' E, about 1333 meters above sea level) is located on the southern slope of Bjelasnica mountain, in a gentle plain. The village belongs to the municipality of Trnovo (it is about 16.3 km away from Trnovo by air, 23 km from Sarajevo). Due to the abundance of natural resources (water, arable land, meadows, pastures, forests), the area of the Umoljani is constantly inhabited, from prehistory to the present. The presence of people in this area is evidenced by many cultural and historical monuments: antique hillforts, medieval necropolis of tombstones (stećci), remains of a medieval church, necropolis from the ottoman conquest and one of the oldest mosques in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1991-1995), the village lived in a more or less traditional way, within its traditional physical structure. During the war the village was flooded and its population was exiled. After the war, the village was quickly rebuilt, but in the changed socio-economic circumstances, and with architectural structures that in all respects reflect modern life. It is of the importance that the katun settlement (Gradina) above the village with traditional architectural objects is preserved, as a picture of the former Umoljani village. The Umoljani village is an exemplary study of the metamorphosis of settlements (driven by the changing social environment), in the rich natural environment where they continue to live, partly in the traditional way, and partly in the modern way, that is, in the way of sustainability.
Natalija Dimovska
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10048

Abstract:
The research is prompted by the need to merge architecture and nature through the homogenization of architectural space and landscape. When uniting the architecture and the nature, an unbreakable connection is created, represented in the pictorial form. A link that allows the human to be part of this homogenization, without affecting it, but on the contrary, giving it spirituality and purpose while satisfying the basic purpose of this architectural space. In addition to the connection that is created as a result of unification and is considered a primary, architecture - nature; architecture – landscape, there is also a connection that is related to the character of the space, a connection that brings together two deeply ancient close activities, architecture and art. The aim of the research is to develop and interpret the image of this relation architecture - nature, through the adaptation and the essence of the architectural space, while allowing appropriate use and constant inspiration that are directly related to the program features of this architectural space.
Ahmet Hadrović
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2020, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2020.10046

Abstract:
Bosnia and Herzegovina is in many ways a special, complex and controversial geographical, geopolitical and social space. As a state, it is home to „three constituent peoples“ and „other“ citizens. As such, it had a tumultuous history, with magnificent examples of coexistence, humanity and respect for its peoples, cultures and religions, as well as examples of expressing cruelty to one another. Kraljeva Sutjeska is a relatively small town near Kakanj whose historical importance for the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its location in central Bosnia, in the gentle plain that emerges from the rocky strait („sutjeska“) of the Trstivnica river, was the ideal natural place for the development of the city („suburb“) of the medieval rulers of Bosnia, that is, the royal residence (Banski dvor-Curia bani) of bans/kings from the Kotromanić house. In addition, Bobovac is located northeast (3.5 km by air), as a fortified royal city. Franciscan monastery in Kraljeva Sutjeska with the church of st. John the Baptist (erected in the early 14th century) and the mosque of Sultan Mehmed II El Fatih (erected in 1463) are the two most significant public sites and cultural-historical monuments that, in architectural terms, follow the patterns of two great civilizations - Christianity and Islam. The house of the croatian Dusper family in Kraljeva Sutjeska is a private residential building which, as such, is not the result of religious-cultural canons but an example of the genesis of architectural content, which at the same time, in its development, receives many different influences: building-architectural, religious, cultural, artistic ... The observer from the side (and especially by getting acquainted with the development of her spatial plan, interior decoration and individual elements of the equipment), depending on his culture, religious affiliation (...), will see a croatian-catholic house in the Dusper family house, and others - bosnian house-chardaklia or oriental type town house in Bosnia and Herzegovina. For this reason, the Dusper family house in Kraljeva Sutjeska is an invaluable architectural and cultural content, both for bosnian croats and for Bosnia and Herzegovina (which best represents its cultural complexity) and for architecture and culture on a global scale.
, Sofija Sidorenko
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2019, pp 102-102; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2019.10043

Abstract:
This master thesis contains a detailed research on a specific social problem-the poor waste management and consequently the extreme pollution of urban environment. By targeting a specific region, the municipality of Karposh with its citizens, and through the use of all 5 phases of “Design with social impact” methodology, we were able to come up with promising ideas and solutions for this problem. The first phase set the baseline for a general review of the magnitude of the social problem and evaluated citizens' opinions regarding the issue. This stage aimed to achieve initial understanding of the problem, empathizing with the citizens in order to look at the problem from their aspect through in-depth exploration of different aspects using several creative techniques. In the second phase, the analysis continues with a comprehensive research, the results of which were presented in the form of statistics on waste in the world and in our country, finding successful examples from other countries on the management of these issues. All the aforementioned information identified the main causes for the worrying status-quo and defined the exact goal of the thesis. Furthermore, the third phase generated several concept ideas as possible solutions to the given problem. The final concept, chosen for realization, was the idea of a web portal aimed at educating and informing the citizens in order to raise awareness of the necessity of a more serious approach towards waste management issues in urban areas. As a result, a web portal prototype was developed in the fourth phase in accordance with the set goals and requirements based on the information gathered in the previous stages. The portal was available online and it was reviewed by many concerned citizens who provided comments and suggestions for its improvement. Currently, the fifth phase is in the process of realization.
, Sofija Sidorenko
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2019, pp 129-129; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2019.10044

Abstract:
The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibilities for implementation of the augmented reality (АR) in the sales. The augmented reality contributes to enhansing and improving the consumer experience through the virtual display of 3D models of products in realistic environments. In this paper is presented an overview of the consumer behavior in online shopping and their uncertainties in the process. The online shopping offers more satisfaction to the modern consumers looking for comfort and speed. On the other hand, some consumers still feel uncomfortable to shop online. What prevents them from buying online is the inability to realistically check the products, to examine their different variants, and to show them to their friends from which they will get comments and opinions before the purchase. In this thesis are examined the possibilities for implementation of augmented reality technology in online stores, as well as the possibilities for management of the product configurations in AR – options for choosing different materials and colors of the product, that will allow the customers to adjust the product to their needs. The aim is to find methods and techniques that would alleviate the disadvantages as result of the lack of physical contact with the products during online sales, that would reduce the consumer uncertainty and increase the likelihood of successful choice and increased online sales.
, Sofija Sidorenko
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2019, pp 8-8; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2019.10041

Abstract:
As a fundamental science of forms and their order, geometry contributes to the process of composing and designing of products. Geometry is able to make a contribution to these processes by dealing with the geometric figures and forms as design elements as well as the relations between them. Finding the general principles of successfully combining those elements was a research aim of many designers, such as those in the modernist era. Influencing the industrial design in a revolutionary way, the Modernism became significant artistic movement of the 20th century, thus giving us the most iconic and timeless product designs. In this scientific paper, the relationship between geometry and design in the Modernism is described and explored through examples, with emphasis placed on De Stijl and Bauhaus products. Direct comparison is applied, focusing on the similarities and differences in the products’ geometry. Learning about the geometry and how it relates to the designs is not to be used as a substitute for the creative process, but rather as a means of obtaining a deeper understanding of it.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2019, pp 64-64; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2019.10045

Abstract:
From city quarter with urban villas, yard houses and pittoresque ambient values, Debar Maalo in Skopje in recent time, is turning into a construction site of the intense rise of the building mass and filling in on every potential void, where the typology of multifamily residential buildings is dominant. But, can it be different? The marginalized forms of single-family housing, once a dominant lifestyle in Debar Maalo, single family yard houses, houses with ground contact are the remains of a passed image of this city quarter that should be the referent milieu of this research. This typology of a low-rise residential structure, should represent the renovation tactics of the the single-family dwelling in this part of the city of Skopje. The creation process of the new urban landscape of housing with characteristics of a dense and low-rise structure will be through the forward two stages: analysis and design. The location of interest will be analysed through architectural project of a housing block with the typology of a low-rise housing structure that should provide high urban density of 120 houses per hectare. The suggested typology of the housing structure should provide housing that will meet the new lifestyles and will achieve diversity of the houses according to their size, structure, and comfort. This thesis should refer to the idea of rethinking and reminiscing on the elementary architectural city image, low rise housing structure typology as a building type at the level of the morphology of the city of Skopje.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2018, pp 84-84; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2018.10039

Abstract:
This master's thesis aims to analyze the effects of street furniture on the identity of urban landscapes and to develop a corresponding consumer-centred street furniture design solution. An understanding of three key aspects is necessary for the development of consumer-oriented street furniture which positively creates or co-creates the identity of the public space. These three aspects are: i) the users’ needs, preferences and perceptions; ii) meaning of, functions of, and interaction with street furniture; and iii) influence on the image and identity of the urban area. Historical overview, current trends, principles of street furniture design, criteria, consumer behaviour and behaviour of other stakeholders are presented in the chapter analysis and research. An overview of the most important principles of development of street furniture products - ergonomics, adaptability, inclusive design, modularity, bionics, eco-design, socialization and product life cycle - is also provided. The research and analysis consist of a literature review, survey, and concept evaluation by a multidisciplinary team of experts. First, key principles for the design of street furniture were identified based on the literature review and conducted the survey. Next, concepts were developed based on the survey and literature review findings. Last, following best practices in leading product design companies, these concepts were evaluated by a multidisciplinary group of experts in the fields of product design, architecture and urbanism, sociology, history of art, graphic design and local government. The evaluation was implemented through semi-structured interviews as part of which segmental grades and suggestions were developed for each concept. Based on the research, it can be concluded that the influence of street furniture on urban identity is twofold: through the creation of landmark and through the development of sentiment of belonging. Finally, the best-evaluated concept was developed, detailed and visually presented
Elena Panovski-Nikoljski, Aleksandar Petanovski,
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2019, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2019.10042

Abstract:
BACKGROUND: In this Paper we will present the evolution of the best practice for biobanks, the technical and medical standards for collecting, processing and storing, as well as the socio-economic standards for biobank management. AIM: The aim of this Thesis is to analyse and to present the methods for projection of spaces for good manufacturing practice. METHODS: The European Union has adopted guidelines for good manufacturing practice which define the requirements for manufacturing of sterile products. In the following text we will describe the details for determining microbiological cleanliness and cleanliness of the particles in the air, on the surfaces, etc. RESULTS: The length of time between the collecting of blood or tissues could affect the final result. The preparation of sterile products requires special conditions, in order the risk of microbiological contamination and certain pyrogenic contaminations to be minimized. We make difference between four levels of guidelines for good manufacturing practice, which in this Paper are taken from the practice of the European Union. Level A is local zone with high-risk procedures, e.g. filling, closing of bottles, opening of ampoules and bottles and making septic connections. Level B is aseptic preparation and filling of the samples. Level C and D are the clean spaces for less critical procedures for preparation of sterile products. CONCLUSION: Technical standards, medical standards, socio-economic standards for biobank management, informatics practices for biobanks, economic recommendations for biobanks have been established, as well as a quality of biobanks has been provided.
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2018, pp 125-125; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2018.10034

Abstract:
This master thesis represents an effort to design a portable food preparation appliance that functions on a solar energy parameter. The leading idea for the start of this entire concept was the amazing potential and possibilities that this technology offers, as well as the opportunity to create a product that will be fully independent of an electrical network, while at the same time shall remain appealing, functional and ecological. By researching the existing appliances on the market, basic constructions, types and characteristics, an analysis was performed on their advantages and disadvantages. The analysis continued by polling possible users, where their requirements through the House of Quality were transformed into engineering specifications. The search of form that would be most suitable in the context of the given requirements was based on the principles of bionics, wherewith the application of bionic methodology a comprehensive research was conducted in the context of structures, processes, functions and forms from the nature, to the end of better comprehension, connection and finding the most suitable solution among them. The bionic methodology was conducted in “from design problem to bionic solution” approach. Several concept solutions were suggested, one of them was selected by evaluation, after which it was elaborated in detail. The detailed elaboration included the design of 3D CAD model, technical drawings, detailed description of components and materials, visualization and presentation of results.
Nikola Gerasimovski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2018, pp 91-91; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2018.10036

Abstract:
The main goal in this master thesis is to find efficient ways for providing multi-functionality and space optimization of products by exploring and applying modern bionic and design principles. The specific design issue that needed to be addressed was – design of a multifunctional mountain hiking backpack that allows optimal use of space and maximal comfort when being used. An ideal solution to this stated problem was accomplished by following several phases in the process: study of available literature in the areas of multifunctionality, adaptability and product optimization; analysis of bionic phenomena which were the basic inspiration for creating a modular and compact design; detailed analysis of ergonomic aspects and anthropometric measures; analysis of the target group and the market; analysis of materials; development of design solutions and selection of the most suitable concept according to its strongest fulfilment of the given design requirements; elaboration of the final concept and its evaluation.
Filip Trajkovski
South East European Journal of Architecture and Design, Volume 2018, pp 165-165; https://doi.org/10.3889/seejad.2018.10038

Abstract:
The corporate identity represents a complete visual solution of the company by which it presents itself on the market and in the public in general. A big part of one company’s success is the branding quality, marketing and visual presentation. With the emergence of the Internet, in the last decades, the design and development of a website became an inevitable part of the company’s presentation. The main goal of this master work is to give contribution in the process of improvement of the corporate identity of the Center for Research, Development and Continuous Learning CIRKO DOOEL Skopje, with an emphasis on the presentation on the Internet. Additionally, for the needs of this master work, researches are conducted to comprehend the requirements and needs of the users – to get a clear picture how to improve the user experience during the process of browsing the websites that are of interest and which is the most appropriate method that should be used to create a new more effective promotion. The basic objective in the promotion is familiarization of the users with the real capabilities of the Center for Research, Development and Continuous Learning. It’s expected that the overall results of this master work will give contribution in the process of improvement of the corporate identity of CIRKO DOOEL Skopje, which will improve the public visibility, as well as the company’s success in the business world.
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