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Results in Journal European Urology Open Science: 1,795

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Alexander Heinze, Paolo Umari, Mario Basulto-Martínez, Rodrigo Suárez-Ibarrola, Evangelos Liatsikos, Jens Rassweiler, Selcuk Guven, Ali S. Gözen
Published: 17 August 2020
European Urology Open Science; doi:10.1016/j.euros.2020.08.001

Abstract:
The unexpected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has spread worldwide rapidly, developing into a global health crisis. At the same time, it has seriously impacted the daily activities in all the fields of urology. To better understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on clinical, academic, and scientific activities as well as on the quality of life of urologists from the main centers in Europe. We conducted a survey using a 37-item questionnaire. The survey included three main sections: clinical practice, academic/scientific activities, and personal/social quality of life. A descriptive analysis was performed using the collected data. A total of 107 representatives affiliated to different centers from 22 countries completed the survey. Clinical activities were affected in 54.2% of the centers, and 85.0% of the elective surgeries were cancelled. Of the urological departments, 64.5% were still performing minimally invasive surgery for malignant disease. In 33.6% of the hospitals, dedicated and specially equipped operating theaters for COVID-19–positive patients were not available. According to 72.9% of participants, COVID-19 had a substantial negative impact on academic activities, and 82.3% of the respondents agreed that their quality of life has been affected negatively by the pandemic. Finally, 92.5% of the participants believe that the pandemic will have a moderate to severe impact on the health system of their countries. Data collected in this survey provide insight into changes brought about in clinical and academic settings amid COVID-19. Along with shortages such as bed occupancy and personal protective equipment, it highlights negative impacts on academic and scientific activities, including the personal and social life of urologists. It is essential to understand the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on clinical, academic, and scientific urological activities, as well as on related personal and social issues. As situations similar to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may recur, we must be prepared to react quickly and effectively. It is important that urology departments look after the well-being of their patients, while protecting their staff and continuing with academic/research activities.
Sciprofile linkJohnathan A. Khusid, William M. Atallah, Natasha Kyprianou, Mantu Gupta
Published: 8 August 2020
European Urology Open Science; doi:10.1016/j.euros.2020.07.006

Ejun Peng, Ding Xia, Wenxi Gao, Ying Zhan, Huan Yang, Xiaoqi Yang, Hua Xu, Xiaoling Qu, Jie Sun, Shaogang Wang, et al.
Published: 30 July 2020
European Urology Open Science; doi:10.1016/j.euros.2020.07.004

Abstract:
Emerging asymptomatic severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections were detected and multiple cases were found to be SARS-CoV-2 positive again, which raised an alarm for the patients hospitalized after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We investigated the risk and prevention of hospital transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to hospitalized urological patients. This is a retrospective study of 319 hospitalized urological patients enrolled between April 20, 2020 and May 11, 2020 from two tertiary hospitals in Wuhan, China. Chest computed tomography (CT) images, nucleic acid tests (NATs), and serum antibody were examined at the outpatient department and 1 wk after admission for all patients. The chest CT images, NATs, serum antibody results, and clinical data were collected and analyzed. None of the 319 patients was found to be SARS-CoV-2 NAT positive. Ten and four patients were detected to be immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgM positive, respectively. The chest CT features of 116 patients showed abnormal lung findings. During the 1-wk isolation, one patient initially being IgG positive only was found to be IgM positive, and another initially IgM-positive patient had a rising IgG level. Through risk assessment, we identified seven patients with very high and high risk for hospital transmission, and delayed the surgery while maintaining close follow-up. Five intermediate-risk patients were operated on successfully under paravertebral block or epidural anesthesia to avoid opening the airway with endotracheal intubation. The remaining 104 low-risk and 203 normal patients underwent normal surgery. Of the 319 patients, seven were identified as very high and high risk, which reinforced the importance of epidemic surveillance of discharged COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic infections. Five intermediate-risk patients were operated on successfully under regional anesthesia. Our experience of risk assessment and management practice may provide a strategy to prevent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 transmission to hospitalized urological patients after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Alireza Kheradmand, Mahmood Hashemitabar, Parvin Kheradmand, Farzin Valizadeh, Sciprofile linkAryan Kavosh
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 20, pp 48-53; doi:10.1016/j.euros.2020.06.004

Abstract:
Renal failure is a global medical problem. The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for preservation and regeneration of renal tissue in acute and chronic kidney diseases has recently been the focus of investigation. To evaluate the protective effect of MSC injections in a rat model of kidney obstruction. We assigned 15 male Wistar rats to three separate groups: the normal group underwent left nephrectomy; the control group underwent laparotomy and left ureter ligation followed by saline injection into the aorta; and the study group received MSCs injected into the aorta inferior to the left renal artery after ligation of the left ureter. Kidneys were harvested 4 wk later and renal parenchyma samples were used for trichrome staining and for expression analyses. The degree of kidney fibrosis was assessed on pathology. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to determine expression levels of VEGF, TNF-α, and E-cadherin, and ΔCT and ΔΔCT values were calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS v19 with paired t tests and nonparametric independent-sample Kruskal-Wallis tests. Fibrosis in the study group decreased from grade 3 or 4 to grade 1. In the control group, TNF-α expression increased and E-cadherin expression decreased. After MSC injection into obstructed kidneys, TNF-α and E-cadherin expression levels decreased and increased respectively, reaching similar levels to those in the normal group. No correlation between tissue regeneration and VEGF levels was observed. More research is needed to focus on other angiogenic factors. MSC injection could prevent fibrosis in obstructed rat kidney via alterations in TNF-α and E-cadherin expression. We investigated the effect of stem cell injection in rats with kidney obstruction. The treatment led to changes in the levels of two biomarkers and reduced the amount of kidney fibrosis caused by kidney obstruction.
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 20; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)35160-0

B. Guliev, B. Komyakov, A. Talyshinskii
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 19; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)34188-4

N.E. Boxall, M.N. Hoq, C. Cozman, S. Miah, L. Dragos, J. Armitage, T. Aho
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 19; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)34063-5

S.D. D’Annunzio, R. Lombardo, R. Mastroianni, G. Tuderti, M. Ferriero, A. Brassetti, U. Anceschi, S. Guaglianone, C. De Nunzio, G. Tema, et al.
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 19; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)34143-4

S. Williams, M. Cumberbatch, A. Kamat, P. Kerr, J. McGrath, H. Djaladat, J. Collins, I. Jubber, V. Packiam, G. Steinberg, et al.
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 19; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)34146-x

G. Calleris, G. Marra, J. Zhuang, M. Beltrami, X. Zhao, A. Marquis, Y. Kan, M. Oderda, A. Greco, A. Zitella, et al.
Published: 1 July 2020
European Urology Open Science, Volume 19; doi:10.1016/s2666-1683(20)34179-3

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