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Nyanuar Algiovan
Published: 29 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.257

Abstract:
Assessment and the learning process become two intertwined concepts that are impossible to separate. When compared to the other three abilities, reading skills are the most important in English learning. In order to meet the demands of modern teaching development, information and communication technology is required for English language instruction and assessment. The purpose of this study is to examine the requirements of both learners and pursuers in terms of the use of information and communication technology in reading instruction assessment (Reading Assessment). This current study used two data collection technique, namely questionnaires and interviews analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Respondents in this study were selected by purposive sampling involving 70 students and 5 teachers in vocational schools. The results of this study found that (1) The students’ goal and necessities differ, (2) The students are at beginner level at reading skill and have reading word and sentences fluently and correctly, (3) They want familiar contents based on their life, environment and major,(4) The need of information and communication technology both for learning and assessing and (5) Through the product, the English learners would be learning, collaborative and independent. The researcher advised for further researcher to conduct the development the information and communication technology for teaching and assessing English learners in vocational schools.
Karen Benitez
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 21-40; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.238

Abstract:
In a Social Studies, students' academic motivation and attitudes will be useful to their academic progress. If a student is enthusiastic about a subject, he or she will do better in class and learn faster. There have been a lot of studies that have looked into students' academic motivation and attitudes toward social studies, but there does not appear to be any study that focuses on the learners themselves. This quantitative study aims to determine the level of academic motivation as well as the attitude toward social studies of 458 secondary students from public schools using the Academic Motivation Scale High School Version and Secondary Students Attitudes Towards Social Studies Scale. It also looked at whether there was a significant difference in academic motivation and attitude toward social studies when respondents were sorted by gender. Finally, it investigates the link between academic motivation and attitude towards social studies. Students are found to be "highly motivated" in terms of academic motivation and have a “positive attitude” toward social studies, according to the findings. Furthermore, when respondents were divided into gender groups, no significant differences in academic motivation and attitude toward social studies were found. Finally, academic motivation and attitude toward social studies show a significant favorable relationship.
Mohammad Djamil M Nur
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 109-118; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.251

Abstract:
This study aims to compare the learning outcomes of physics taught using face-to-face learning models with online learning models at Islamic Senior High School 2 Palu City in the academic year of 2021/2022. In this study, the X1 variable consists of the face-to-face model, the X2 variable is the online learning model, and the Y variable consists of the results of learning Physics. This study used quantitative research with comparative analysis techniques. The subject of the research was students of X IPA 1 at Islamic Senior High School 2 Palu, which is totaling 25 students. Data collection was carried out using student learning outcomes tests, observation, and documentation. The method used for the analysis of hypothesis testing is the paired sample t-test. Descriptive, normality, and homogeneity tests were used for data analysis. The results showed that there were significant differences in the learning outcomes of Physics subjects between face-to-face learning and the online learning model for class X IPA1 Islamic Senior High School 2 Palu in the academic year of 2021/2022. The results of the descriptive analysis calculation show that there is a difference between the Physics Learning Outcomes Taught Using the Face-to-Face Learning Model and the Online Learning Model in class X IPA1 in the academic year 2021/2022. This shows that the face-to-face learning model is more effective than the online learning model in physics subjects.
Leonard Manuel
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 56-70; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.240

Abstract:
Imbibing reading habits is an essential skill necessary in the acquisition of knowledge, which is highly demanding in the life of every student in the academic environment. However, as modern technological resources keep on advancing, the reading habits of students are also changing with reading on screen. This study examined the reading habits of college sophomore students as affected by technological resources. The survey instruments, distributed to 254 college sophomore students at the Ilocos Sur Polytechnic State College, allowed the respondents to assess their reading habits in terms of reading hours, reading purposes, reading content, and reading attitude, with the technological resources as their tool. The data gathered in the study was analyzed statistically using the simple frequency count and percentage, mean, and Pearson correlation. The findings revealed that the college sophomores achieved an average level in their English subjects. In addition, it was found that the technology resources were moderately adequate to be used for reading among the college sophomores. Despite this, the results still showed that college sophomore students spent 2-3 hours a day reading, primarily in preparation for their exams. In addition, they read the available reading content moderately often, and they perceive a positive attitude towards the use of technological resources for reading. Furthermore, it was revealed that there is a significant relationship between reading habits and academic achievements. The study's findings will be used to improve instructional approaches and to launch e-reading initiatives in colleges.
Lukman S Thahir
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 130-146; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.274

Abstract:
The title of this research is Theoretical Debate over the Philosophical Roots of Contemporary Education and Its Implications for the Development of Islamic Education. The purpose is to disentangle, to explore and to discuss the foundations of theoretical roots of educational philosophy and its relational consequences with Islamic education. The issues raised are: 1). how is the philosophical foundation of education and its relationship to philosophy and education? 2). what are the Philosophical Roots of Educational Theory and Its Implications for Curriculum, Teaching and Learning? 3). what are the implications for the development of Islamic education? The type of research is Library Research which uses philosophical and pedagogical approach, with descriptive method. The findings of this study are: a) the study of the key philosophical ideas that influence thought and development of education are aspects of metaphysics, epistemology and axiology. Without these three philosophical foundations, science and its various disciplines will fail; b) the relationship between philosophy and education are like two sides of one coin that cannot be separated, both give and take in the context of mutualism. So the existence of philosophy in education is a necessity; c) The theoretical debate over the roots of the philosophy of education requires the development of Islamic education.
Royal Owunna, Alice Ajobi, Angela Ahamefule, Fadero Oluwafemi Emmanuel
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 99-108; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.244

Abstract:
The study explore the relationship between social media communication and social anxiety among undergraduate students. The respondents were selected using a simple random technique. The data was collected by self-administered interview among 100 undergraduate students in Universiti Putra Malaysia. The Instruments used for data collection includes; Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30) and The Internet Addiction Test (IAT). Study revealed that Facebook was the most common social media patronized with 36 (36.70%) patronage, followed by Instagram with 33 (33.70%), WhatsApp 19 (19.40%) and finally Twitter with 10 (10.20%). Based on the respondents, most students use the social media for social communications and seeking information. The level of social anxiety among most undergraduate students of Human Ecology faculty in Universiti Putra Malaysia is high because approximately two third of the respondents possessed the higher score in social anxiety level.This implies that most undergraduate students of Universiti Putra Malaysia are up to date in information gathering and the use of social network has helped to facilitate social interaction among fellow students and friends thereby reducing the likelihood of students suffering social anxiety disorder.
Richard Anietie, Grace Phillips Ayonuwe
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 41-55; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.254

Abstract:
The study investigated school business competencies for improved administrative effectiveness in Public Secondary School in Rivers State. Three research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study was 286 principals in all the public secondary schools in Rivers State. A sample of 166 through a stratified random technique was determined using the Taro Yamane formula. The instrument of the study was a self design instrument captioned “School Business Management Competencies Questionnaire (SBMCQ) and Principal Administrative Effectiveness (PAE) with the reliability coefficients of 0.77 and 0.84 respectively which was determined through the Cronbach alpha statistics. Mean scores and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was sued to test the hypothesis. It was discovered that the highest kind of business available in the public school is related to cafeteria / canteen services and that also to a high extent, resourcefulness as a business management competency improves administrative effectiveness in public secondary schools in Rivers State. It concluded that for the school administrators to manage the school business effective (administrative effectiveness), they must possess the core competence of resourcefulness, conceptual thinking and administrative organisation. It was recommended among others that the principal should have a comprehensive understanding of the school complex nature and also think critically at both abstract and concrete level to harmonize a rather multifaceted business challenges in the school and proffer realistic solutions.
Hengki Satrianta, Darmawansyah, Linda Kahar
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 71-82; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.216

Abstract:
The slowing spread of Covid-19 infections has brought positive changes in the education sector. The issue of implementing limited face to face learning begins to excite students in gaining knowledge. Online learning effects for approximately two years was relatively difficult to keep students away from themselves. This study time to determine how the level of student learning readiness in facing offline learning. This was quantitative research with a survey type. The population were State vocatoonal high school 2 Kendari students, totaling 558 students. The sample was drawn randomly with a magnitude estimated using the Slovin formula at a significance of 5% so that the total sample size was 233 students. Data were collected by learning readiness scale. Data were analyzed descriptively and comparative statistics. The results showed that the learning readiness of State vocatoonal high school Negeri 2 Kendari students was in the high category and female students had a higher level of learning readiness than male students.
Syaefudin Achmad
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 119-129; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.208

Abstract:
The current millennial generation, includes santri, who have digital literacy skills, but unfortunately it has not been matched by ability to use digital media to obtain information and self development. The purpose of the research was to determine the extent to which students’ digital literacy skills, how to use digital literacy as a basis for religious moderation learning, and the obstacles faced during the training on the use of digital literacy at the Al-Hijrah Islamic Boarding School Tingkir Salatiga. This research is a qualitative and participatory action research. Data collection techniques used are participant observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis technique uses Mile and Hubermen in the form of reduction, presentation, and conclusions. The research procedure includes planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. The result of the studi show that digital literacy can be used as a basis for learning religious moderation. The students at the Al-Hijrah Islamic Boarding School can get digital content in the form of religious moderation material from website, social media, and others. The students also take advantage of digital literacy to create religious moderation content.
Ilman Nafi'A, Septi Gumiandari
Published: 30 March 2022
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 11, pp 71-98; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol11.iss1.246

Abstract:
Many assume that people who have grown up do not have the opportunity to memorize the Qur'an because of the difficulties that will be faced in the process of memorizing it rather than in childhood. This research aims to find out (1) the application of the takrir method in Ponpes Matholib As-Suluk. (2) factors that affect students' ability to memorize by takrir method, (3) the quality of memorization of the holy verse of the Qur'an using the takrir method. This study uses descriptive qualitative methods. Through the technique of interviewing, observation and documentation studies, several findings were obtained: (1) the application of the takrir method in Ponpes Matholib As-Suluk was applied through the repetition of santri memorization in four ways: individual takrir, collective takrir with friends, takrir with teachers, and takrir at prayer time; (2) there are 2 factors that affect the application of takrir methods: internal (santri mood) and external factors (pesantren environmental support); and (3) the application of this method succeeded in improving the quality of santri memorization because the students were able to improve their memorization quite quickly and they were also able to reread verses and surahs that had been memorized quite smoothly.
Hatta Fakhrurrozi, Saepudin Mashuri
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 149-170; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.174

Abstract:
The disparity in the equality of education in Indonesia, especially in backwoods areas, is one of the problems of education in Indonesia. One of the Government's action in overcoming this gap is by distributing teachers to remote areas of the country. In addition, the government also stipulates several laws and regulations as the formal legality of education in backwoods communities. This study aims to explore the possibility of implementing the homeschool education model (homeschooling) for backwoods communities, as an effort to applied Islamic subject matter and prevail education in Indonesia. This study uses a naturalistic phenomenological approach, using triangulation as one of the data analyzes. The research location is in Hansibong, a backwoods hamlet in the Sojol mountains of ParigiMoutong district, Central Sulawesi. The results of this study found that education in Hansibong is carried out informally within the family. Learning process is held in a traditional way, using very minimal of media, methods and subject matter. The material taught is limited to morality values, reading and writing, arithmetic and the ability to survive in nature. Islamic education in its function as a strengthening of cognitive intelegence, morals, spirituality and nationality has not been provided in learning at home. As a research implication, a homeschooling socialization effort is needed so that the student community can continue to a higher level. The implementation of homeschooling that is not in accordance with the technical guidelines issued by the government will only disserve students because learning outcomes cannot be equalized with existing education levels.
Pudariati
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 133-147; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.169

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peningkatan kinerja guru di SD Negeri 2 Patas Semester 1 Tahun Pelajaran 2018/2019 setelah mengikuti supervisi akademik. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan sekolah. Subjek penelitian adalah guru di SD Negeri 2 Patas yang berjumlah 8 orang guru. Data kinerja guru pada penelitian ini dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Indikator keberhasilan penelitian ini adalah: apabila rata-rata kinerja guru minimal pada kategori Tinggi, dan ketuntasan klasikal sebesar 90%. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan dapat disimpulkan bahwa: penerapan supervisi akademik secara efektif dapat meningkatkan kinerja guru di SD Negeri 2 Patas Semester 1 Tahun Pelajaran 2018/2019. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari rerata kinerja guru sebelum penelitian sebesar 130,50 berada pada kategori sedang, meningkat pada siklus I menjadi 150,13 berada pada kategori tinggi dan meningkat lagi pada siklus II menjadi 167 berada pada kategori sangat tinggi
Rizky Martha Oktavia, Fauzi Muharom
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 91-118; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.167

Abstract:
Oleh Rizky Martha Oktavia Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam, Pascasarjana, IAIN Surakarta [email protected] Abstrak Kesuksesan pendidikan toleransi melalui pendidikan agama Islam dapat ditopang oleh komponen bahan ajar, misalnya buku “Senang Belajar Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti” bagi Siswa Kelas IV dan V SD di Kab. Karanganyar. Permasalahannya, bagaimana analisis nilai-nilai toleransi dalam buku tersebut? Tujuan penelitian, yaitu menganalisis nilai-nilai toleransi dalam buku “Senang Belajar Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti” bagi Siswa Kelas IV dan V SD di Kab. Karanganyar. Dengan pendekatan kualitatif dan jenis penelitian pustaka, data penelitian berupa nilai-nilai toleransi diperoleh dari sumber data buku dikumpulkan dengan studi dokumentasi. Keabsahannya diperiksa dengan teknik (1) triangulasi, (2) pengecekan anggota, (3) meningkatkan ketekunan, dan (4) kecukupan bahan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis isi ditemukan nilai-nilai toleransi, yakni 31 nilai toleransi, misalnya (1) tidak menertawakan cara beribadah umat beragama lain, (2) tidak membicarakan kekurangan agama umat beragama lain, (3) tidak mencela aturan beribadah umat beragama lain. Saran kepada penulis buku Pendidikan Agama Islam (PAI) SD, yakni perlu penyebaran nilai toleransi pada setiap bab; guru PAI dan siswa kelas IV dan V SD perlu membaca, bahkan menelusuri nilai toleransi agar dapat diajarkan berkelanjutan; siswa kelas IV dan V SD perlu membaca dan menerapkan nilai toleransi dalam buku dengan berkonsultasi pada orang tua dan guru yang membinanya; kepala SD dapat menjadikan sebaran nilai-nilai toleransi sebagai panduan untuk memilih, menentukan, dan merancang kegiataan sosial kemasyarakatan di sekolah untuk melatih kepekaan siswa menjadi generasi yang toleran. Kata-kata Kunci: nilai toleransi, budi pekerti, pendidikan agama Islam
Imam Turmudi Imam Turmudi
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 55-72; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.153

Abstract:
Dalam menjalankan organisasi sekolah, seorang pemimpin harus mampu mengemudikan dan menjalankan organisasinya. Artinya seorang pemimpin harus mampu membawa perubahan, karena perubahan adalah tujuan pokok dari kepemimpinan. tujuan penelitian di antaranya untuk mendeskripsikan gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Mujahidin Loloan Barat. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis deskriptif. Teknis pengumpulan data menggunakan tiga cara yaitu observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Data yang terkumpul kemudian dianalisis dengan mengikuti prosedur Reduksi data, Display data, dan kesimpulan Hasil dari penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa: Pertama, Gaya kepemimpinan kepala sekolah di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Mujahidin Loloan Barat lebih dominan menggunakan gaya kepemimpinan demokratis dan dalam pengambilan keputusan yang mendesak, gaya kepemimpinan yang digunakan adalah gaya kepemimpinan otokrasi atau otoriter. Kedua, Kinerja guru di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Mujahidin Loloan Barat dapat dikatakan sangat baik dan tingkat tinggi karena dengan melihat kompetensi guru yang meliputi kompetensi paedagodik, kompetensi kepribadian, kompetensi sosial, dan kompetensi profesional. Ketiga, Manajemen kepemimpinan kepala sekolah dalam peningkatan kinerja guru di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Mujahidin Loloan Barat dapat dikatakan sangat baik dengan menggunakan gaya kepemimpinan demokratis dan otoriter serta supervisi observasi kelas dalam kegiatan-kegiatan, yaitu kegiatan harian, mingguan, bulanan, dan semester.
Ardhitya Dewi Kumalasari
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 75-90; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.151

Abstract:
Model pembelajaran mempengaruhi motivasi dan hasil belajar Biologi siswa sekolah menengah atas. Berdasarkan observasi awal, diketahui bahwa pembelajaran Biologi di kelas X-1 SMA Negeri 7 Malang memiliki beberapa ciri, yaitu (1) motivasi belajar siswa cenderung kurang, (2) dalam menyelesaikan suatu tugas, siswa dengan karakteristik yang sama cenderung mengelompok sehingga terbentuk kelompok homogen yang tidak seimbang di kelas, dan (3) metode ceramah yang diterapkan oleh guru tidak menarik minat siswa sehingga mempengaruhi hasil belajarnya. Berdasarkan kondisi tersebut maka dilakukan penelitian dengan menggunakan pembelajaran kooperatif model Group Investigation (GI) untuk meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar Biologi siswa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan dirancang dalam dua siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penerapan pembelajaran kooperatif model GI dapat meningkatkan motivasi dan hasil belajar Biologi siswa. Motivasi belajar siswa meningkat sebesar 31,48% yaitu dari 46,15% dengan kategori cukup pada siklus I menjadi 77,63% dengan kategori baik pada siklus II. Hasil belajar siswa juga mengalami peningkatan, terlihat dari nilai rata-rata siswa sebesar 81,94% pada siklus I menjadi 89,18% pada siklus II dan siswa yang tuntas belajar juga mengalami peningkatan dari 79,49% pada siklus I menjadi 97,44 % pada siklus II. Hasil angket juga menunjukkan bahwa siswa menyukai dan lebih termotivasi untuk belajar Biologi setelah mengikuti pembelajaran dengan pembelajaran kooperatif model GI.
Andi Nurfaizah
Published: 1 October 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 119-132; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.168

Abstract:
Improving the Quality of Learning to Listen to Short Stories by Using Recorded Media for Reading Short Stories for Class XI IPA2 Students of SMA Negeri 1 Bontotiro, Bulukumba Regency.” This study aims to describe the improvement in the quality of learning to listen to short stories using short story reading recording media for students of class XI IPA2 SMA Negeri 1 Bontotiro, Bulukumba Regency. The results of the study prove that improving the quality of learning to listen to short stories using short story reading recording media in class XI IPA2 SMA Negeri 1 Bontotiro Bulukumba Regency at the planning stage found an increase in the ability of teachers in the field of study to plan better learning implementation in cycle II. In the implementation stage, there was an increase in student activity during the learning process, such as the sincerity, discipline, and self-confidence of students following the learning process. The evaluation stage found an increase in the results of the short story listening test, showing that in the first cycle 56.09% of students experienced mastery learning, and in the second cycle it reached 97.56% who experienced learning mastery. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the recording media for reading short stories could improve the quality of learning to listen to short stories in class XI IPA2 SMA Negeri 1 Bontotiro, Bulukumba Regency
Revina Putri Hermawan Rerev
Published: 30 September 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 41-53; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.161

Abstract:
This research motivated by the findings of learning obstacles experienced students in material around square. This is known based on the results of test questions conducted during preliminary study to fourth grade elementary school students. To overcome learning obstacles experienced by students, researchers will design a didactic design. The purpose of this study is to describe the didactic design on the material around square and describe the students' responses the implementation of didactic design. The didactic design can be interpreted learning design that emphasizes the didactic aspect, namely the teacher's teaching method. This study uses method with a Didactical Design Research (DDR) research design consisting of three research stages, namely a prospective analysis of the didactic situation before learning (prospective analysis) in the form of a Hypothetical Didactic Design including ADP (Pedagogical Didactic Analysis), metapedadidactive analysis, and retrospective analysis (retrospective analysis), with data collection techniques used in the form of interviews, observations, and attitude scales. The research subjects were 26 students in grades IV and VI and 1 teacher for grade IV at SDN 1 Sindangrasa. Based on results of study, through application of the didactic design carried out in stages I and II, can help overcome learning obstacles experienced by students in the material around a square. This is shown from the students' responses on the attitude scale, results of the LAS (Student Activity Sheet) work and interviews with teachers. In addition, didactic design is able to create a fun and meaningful learning atmosphere for students. Keywords: learning obstacle, didactical design research, square, meaningful learning, LAS Abstrak Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya temuan learning obstacle yang dialami siswa pada materi keliling persegi. Hal ini diketahui berdasarkan hasil soal tes yang dilakukan pada saat studi pendahuluan kepada siswa kelas IV Sekolah Dasar. Untuk mengatasi learning obstacle yang dialami siswa, peneliti akan merancang sebuah desain didaktis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan desain didaktis pada materi keliling persegi serta memaparkan respon siswa dan guru terhadap implementasi desain didaktis tersebut. Desain didaktis dapat diartikan sebagai desain pembelajaran yang lebih menekankan pada aspek didaktik yakni cara pengajaran guru. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Didactical Design Research (DDR) yang terdiri dari tiga tahap penelitian, yakni analisis situasi didaktis sebelum pembelajaran (prospective analysis) berupa Desain Didaktis Hipotesis termasuk ADP (Analisis Didaktis Pedagogis), analisis metapedadidaktif, dan analisis retrospektif (retrospective analysis), dengan teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa wawancara, observasi, dan skala sikap. Subjek penelitian yaitu 26 siswa kelas IV dan VI serta 1 guru kelas IV SDN 1 Sindangrasa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, melalui penerapan desain didaktis yang dilakukan pada tahap I dan II dapat membantu mengatasi learning obstacle yang dialami siswa pada materi keliling persegi. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari respon siswa pada skala sikap, hasil pengerjaan LAS (Lembar Aktivitas Siswa) serta wawancara terhadap guru. Selain itu, desain didaktis mampu menciptakan suasana pembelajaran yang menyenangkan dan bermakna bagi siswa. Kata kunci : hambatan belajar, desain didaktis, persegi, pembelajaran bermakna, LAS
Mohammad Djamil M Nur
Published: 30 September 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.159

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh Pembelajaran Online berbasis Website Elearning Madrasah Terhadap Hasil Belajar Fisika Siswa Kelas X IPA MAN 2 Kota Palu Tahun Ajaran 2020/2021. Serta untuk mengetahui apa saja kendala dan hambatan yang dirasakan guru maupun siswa saat melakukan kegiatan belajar mengajar online selama masa pandemic covid-19 ini. Responden adalah siswa kelas X IPA1 MAN 2 Kota Palu karena mereka telah memiliki fasilitas internet, komputer dan gadget. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan uji data menggunakan spss 25. Data diperoleh melalui pengisian kuesioner oleh siswa dan juga dilakukan wawancara oleh guru sebagai data pendukung. Uji yang dilakukan yaitu validitas, reabilitas, dan uji R square untuk mencari seberapa besar pengaruh pembelajaran online berbasis website elearning madrasah terhadap hasil belajar fisika siswa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran online berbasis website elearning madrasah mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap hasil belajar fisika siswa sebanyak 85,7%. Dari hasil pengujian spss bahwa nilai sig.(2-tailed) setiap variabel X dan variabel Y adalah < 0,005. Dilihat dari nilai rhitung dan rtabel didapat hasil bahwa nilai rhitung > rtabel. Nilai rtabel 0,3291 diperoleh dari nilai N 36-2=34. Angka 34 mempunyai nilai r tabel 0,3291. Hasil uji reliabilitas dapat diketahui bahwa secara keseluruhan variabel X dan Y memiliki nilai cronbach’s alpha > 0,06. Pembelajaran online berbasis website elearning madrasah mampu menjadi penolong dunia pendidikan khususnya di madrasah pada masa pandemi Covid 19 ini. Menurut penuturan wali kelas juga hasil belajar siswa cenderung stabil dan tidak mengalami penurunan walaupun pembelajaran dilakukan dengan online.
Ardiansyah Ardiansyah
Published: 30 September 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 21-40; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss2.163

Abstract:
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat pengaruh strategi pembelajaran konflik kognitif berbantuan media sejarah sains terhadap sikap ilmiah dan perubahan konseptual siswa pada materi gerak. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi eksperimen . sampel penelitian ini adalah kelas XB dan XC yang terdiri atas 66 sisiwa, 33 siswa pada kelas eksperimen dan 33 siswa pada kelas kontrol. Data pada penelitian ini diambil dengan menggunakan: angket, tes pemahaman konsep dan wawancara. Angket digunakan untuk mengambil data sikap ilmiah, tes pemahaman konsep untuk mengambil data perubahan konseptual siswa, dan wawancara sebagai pelengkap dan pendukung data perubahan konseptual. Data di analisisn dengan statistik uji-t pada taraf signifikan 5% dan uji N-Gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dengan menggunakan aplikasi SPSS 20 diperoleh untuk sikap ilmiah thitung > ttabel (4,637 >2,042 atau sig.2-tailed (0,000) < (0,05) dan thitung > ttabel (6.974 > 2.024) sig.2-tailed (0,000) < (0,05) untuk perubahan konseptual, yang berarti hipotesis (H0) ditolak dan (H1) diterima dan yang diperoleh pada kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah stategi pembelajaran konflik kognitif berbantuan media sejarah sains berpengaruh secara nyata meningkatkan sikap ilmiah, perubahan konseptual siswa kelas X SMA pada materi gerak. Kata Kunci: Strategi Konflik Kognitif, Media Sejarah Sains, Sikap Ilmiah dan Perubahan Konseptual.
Hatta Fakhrurrozi
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 153-168; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.154

Abstract:
The industrial revolution that penetrated the world of education forced Islamic boarding schools (Pesantren), as part of education, to mutate in new form to find the ideal format as an adaptive step to keep up to date. Pesantren which have a cultural base of traditional society make various efforts to make acculturation with technology. The efforts of these pesantren can be seen from the number of pesantren websites, which provide information about pesantren and religious programs online. On the other hand, virtual pesantren have also emerged, which do not have a real pesantren institutional base in the community, using online media as an operational base. Some of these virtual Islamic boarding schools have strong buildings in cyberspace, with a wider reach than Islamic boarding schools. Its flexible and open nature makes virtual pesantren have their own community in cyberspace. Furthermore, problems arise when virtual Islamic boarding schools intersect with conventional Pesantren in cyberspace. This research is a library research that uses printed and online media as data sources. This study aims to find differences in the characteristics of virtual pesantren, and their relationship with the dynamics of pesantren in the era 4.0. From the content analysis conducted at several virtual pesantren, it was found that some of them used the same name as real pesantren, thus creating ambiguity of virtual pesantren
Saepudin Mashuri
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 111-134; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.146

Abstract:
Tulisan ini mengkaji tentang PAI multikultural sebagai model pembelajaran integratif yang memadukan antara ilmu pengetahuan dan agama. Dari aspek konten, multikulturalisme mengkaji keragaman bangsa, suku, warna kulit, bahasa, agama dan keragaman lain yang terbentang dalam realitas sosial kehidupan manusia sebagai ayat-ayat Allah yang bersifat kauniyah. Sedangkan PAI mempelajari normativitas ajaran Islam dan dimensi historis yang banyak termuat dalam al-Qur’an sebagai ayat-ayat Allah yang bersifat qauliyah. Pembelajaran kedua bidang keilmuan tersebut sama-sama sebagai proses pencarian kebenaran yang merujuk kepada Allah sebagai episentrum kebenaran Hakiki dan sumber ilmu pengetahuan. Dari konsep pembelajaran integratif yang dikemukakan pemikir Islam dan Barat, PAI multikultural berada pada pola relasi antardispliner, yaitu integrasi antara ilmu umum dan ilmu agama. PAI multikultural sebagai pembelajaran integratif tergambar pada aspek: tujuan, materi, metode, media dan sumber belajar dan penilaian yang saling terintegrasi dalam membentuk kompetensi beragama peserta didik secara integral, yaitu: keterpaduan antara unsur duniawi dan ukhrawi, antara dimensi spritual dan intelektual, antara ranah personal dan sosial dalam konteks membangun harmoni kehidupan warga sekolah, masyarakat dan bangsa Indonesia yang pluralistik dari segala aspeknya.
M. Hanif Satria Budi
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 135-152; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.138

Abstract:
The acceptance of new students (PPDB) using the zoning system was first implemented in Yogyakarta in 2018/2019. This zoning system aims to equalize education and improve the quality of education. This research was conducted to find out how the zoning system policy in Yogyakarta city under the auspices of the Yogyakarta City Education Office. This research uses qualitative approach with case study method. The results of the study showed that the zoning system in Yogyakarta has changed from the previous year. In 2019/2020 the zoning system provides a 10% chance of superior seeds, 30% of school zones, 10% of poor learners, 40% of quality pathways, 5% of out-of-school zoning pathways, and 5% of special pathways such as prospective learners whose parents moved from other regions to Yogyakarta. With this zoning system, the whole community has the opportunity to get a good quality education.
'Umdatun Ni'Mah, David Ari Setyawan
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 33=48-33=48; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.134

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh terdapatnya banyak siswa yang mengalami penurunan kedisiplinan selama pembelajaran online, baik itu dalam mengikuti pembelajaran online, dalam hal mengumpulkan tugas, maupun dalam hal lainnya. Penelitian ini membahas mengenai faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi penurunan disiplin siswa atau peserta didik selama pembelajaran online. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi penurunan disiplin siswa selama pembelajaran online akibat pandemi Covid-19. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Data dalam penelitian penulis dapatkan melalui artikel dan juga buku yang memiliki relevansi dengan artikel ini. Untuk mendukung data kepustakaan atau literatur tersebut, data juga didapatkan dengan melakukan wawancara. Berdasarkan data yang telah diperoleh dalam penelitian, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa faktor yang memengaruhi penurunan disiplin siswa selama pembelajaran online akibat pandemi Covid-19, yaitu (1) menurunnya motivasi belajar siswa, (2) sarana dan prasarana yang kurang memadai, (3) minimnya waktu luang orang tua, dan (4) penggunaan gawai yang berlebihan.
Gusnarib Wahab, M. Iksan Kahar
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 49-66; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.141

Abstract:
Pendidikan yang semula dengan metode tatap muka di lembaga pendidikan, kini diubah menjadi pembelajaran daring/online dan dilaksanakan dari rumah masing-masing untuk mencegah dan menanggulangi penyebaran virus COVID-19 ini. Kebijakan tersebut berlaku bagi semua jenjang pendidikan baik dari tingkat PAUD hingga tingkat perguruan tinggi. Hal tersebut menimbulkan banyak problematika khususnya pelaksanaan pembelajaran bagi anak usia dini. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan sistem daring ataupun sistem online ini masih mengalami banyak problematika dalam penerapannya, karena anak tidak dapat belajar sendiri tanpa pendampingan dari orang tua. Dalam mendorong kualitas pembelajaran pada Anak Usia Dini perlu kerjasama dan dukungan orang tua. Orang tua menjadi salah satu pihak yang bertanggung jawab dalam keberlangsungan pendidikan anak usia dini di masa covid-19. Pengasuhan positif, penyediaan lingkungan belajar yang memadai, dan sumber belajar yang relevan akan sangat membantu anak usia dini dalam menjalani masa transisi menuju era new normal. Oleh karena itu, komunikasi antara guru dan orang tua harus berjalan dengan baik. Kebijakan pemerintah tentang belajar dari rumah tidak serta merta membuat guru melepaskan tugasnya dalam memberikan pendidikan kepada anak usia dini. Justru hal tersebut menuntut guru untuk meningkatkan kompetensinya dalam melakukan pembelajaran jarak jauh dan tetap menilai perkembangan anak berdasarkan laporan kegiatan dari para orang tua.
Afina Mauliya, Suci Wulandari
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 13-32; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.139

Abstract:
The phenomenon of the current disruptive era makes technology develop fast paced. The rapid progress must be matched with the ability of human resources as the executor of the organization. This study aimed to find out the management innovation in Islamic education institution that nowadays becomes a serious concern to face the global competition. The abilities of empathy and design thinking are the skills that need to be had by headmasters in facing the disruptive era. Innovation in Islamic education management is essential to do considering that the success of education goals is seen from how to manage an organization. This study is the result of literary research sourced from indexed scientific journals, books, and news on the internet. The procedures used included three phases, namely organize, synthesize, and identify. The result of content analysis showed the concept of design thinking as the process to obtain problem solving which is relevant to the education field namely the formulation of new policy and analysis towards a problem by collecting analyses so that it is helpful to obtain right and effective decision making. Abstrak Fenomena era disruptif saat ini menjadikan teknologi berkembang serba cepat. pesatnya kemajuan harus diimbangi dengan kemampuan SDM sebagai pelaksana organisasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali inovasi manajemen di lembaga pendidikan Islam yang saat ini menjadi perhatian serius untuk menghadapi persaingan global. Kemampuan empati dan design thinking adalah skill yang harus miliki oleh kepala sekolah dalam menghadapi era disruptif. Inovasi dalam manajemen pendidikan Islam penting dilakukan mengingat keberhasilan tujuan pendidikan dilihat dari cara mengelola organisasi. Penelitian ini merupakan hasil riset kepustakaan dengan referensi jurnal ilmiah terindeks, buku dan berita di internet. Prosedur yang digunakan meliputi 3 tahap, yaitu organize, synthesize dan identify. Hasil analisis isi menunjukkan konsep design thinking sebagai proses menghasilkan problem solving relevan dalam dunia pendidikan khususnya perumusan kebijakan baru dan analisis terhadap suatu permasalahan dengan mengumpulkan analisa-analisa sehingga membantu dalam upaya pengambilan keputusan yang tepat dan efektif.
Muhammad Sufyan As-Tsauri
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 67-84; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.143

Abstract:
The purpose of this research is to see the implementation, evaluation, and advantages and disadvantages of the Tami Otaka Method. The Tami Otaka Method is a method of memorizing by using the ability of the right brain by means of the students memorizing the Qur’an while moving their hands from the verse they are reading. The type of research taken is field research using a qualitative approach. The object of this research is TK PINTAR Bandung, which includes the principal, tahfidz teacher, curriculum, and students. To obtain research data, researcher used observation, interview, and documentation techniques. This research uses descriptive qualitative analysis, so that the results of this study are manifested in the form of words both orally and verbally. The results obtained are as follows: first, to achieve purpose of the learning, TK PINTAR Bandung uses the Tami Otaka method with the help of audio, visual, audio-visual and body movements of a teacher. Second, the curriculum used is a synthesis of the National Curriculum and the Typical Curriculum of TK PINTAR Bandung. Third, learning is carried out in groups. Fourth, the evaluation is given continuously everyday and there is also an evaluation every semester. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan, penerapan, evaluasi serta kelebihan dan kekurangan dari Metode Tami Otaka. Metode Tami Otaka adalah Metode menghafal menggunakan kemampuan otak kanan dengan cara siswa menghafal Al-Qur’an sambil menggerakkan tangan dari arti ayat yang dibaca. Jenis penelitian yang diambil adalah penelitian lapangan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Objek penelitian ini adalah lembaga TK PINTAR Bandung yang di dalamnya ada kepala sekolah, guru tahfidz, kurikulum, dan siswa. Untuk memperoleh data penelitian, peneliti menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis kualitatif deskriptif, sehingga hasil dari penelitian ini diwujudkan dalam bentuk kata-kata baik tulisan maupun lisan. Hasil penelitian diperoleh sebagai berikut: pertama, untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran, TK PINTAR Bandung menggunakan metode Tami Otaka dengan dibantu media auido, visual, audio-visual dan gerakan tubuh dari seorang guru. Kedua, kurikulum yang digunakan sintesis dari kurikulum Nasional dan kurikulum khas TK PINTAR Bandung. Ketiga, pembelajaran dilakukan secara berkelompok. Keempat, evaluasi diberikan terus menerus setiap harinya dan ada juga evaluasi tiap semester.
Syifa Dwi Mutiah, Albiansyah
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.144

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to compare the student's and teacher’s perceptions about their current English textbook they used. This study categorized as a descriptive qualitative study. The population of VIII grade students (45 students) of junior high school was involved in this study and an English teacher of them too. The questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used as the instrument of this research. Besides, the guideline of the interview and questionnaire was from [1]Cunningsworth's (1995) theory which is explained about the book evaluation. The data were analyzed through Google form percentage presentation for the questionnaire while transcription, coding was used for the interview section. The result showed, 75% of students believed that the book they used has good quality. While the rest 25% felt it did not fulfill their expectation and need. Besides, the teachers’ perception supports it with some of the books’ part lacks organization and employed too many vocabularies. Whereas the students felt their current level was not suitable with the teachers’ beliefs, but the teacher believed that it was appropriate with the students’ level. So, there were few different perceptions between them. However, the teacher believed that her role in helping students with textbook usage could help the main point of students’ need due to the teacher has lack of knowledge and awareness to do coursebook evaluation. Therefore, further research needs to be done to make this study more comprehensive.
Achmad Abubakar Achmad, Ahmad Yani, Abdul Syatar
Published: 6 April 2021
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 10, pp 85-110; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol10.iss1.149

Abstract:
This study aims to see the implementation of blended learning in Ulumul Qur'an courses at uin Alauddin Makassar Postgraduate. The method used in this study uses a type of qualitative research related to the implementation of Blended Learning Courses Ulumul Qur'an at the Postgraduate UIN Alauddin Makassar. The results showed that: (1) the description of the model of implementation of the implementation of the study blended Ulumul Qur'an courses at the Postgraduate UIN Alauddin Makassar using a dual-system that is a combination of conventional systems with online. More use of online learning systems during the Pandemic (80%) compared to traditional face-to-face learning systems. The merger of the two systems includes the incorporation of learning resources as well (learning modules, textbooks, and journals), the implementation of learning (online discussions, watching videos, and accessing supporting resources, and the incorporation of a learning evaluation system, including standardized assessment through quizzing, midterm exams, and final exams. (2) the results of the implementation of blended learning in Ulumul Qur'an courses are illustrated from five main aspects, namely (a) increased utilization of various sources, (b) increased active participation, (c) increased ability to construct knowledge, (d) activation of feedback, and (e) improvement of academic achievement
Lukas Bera
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 65-76; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.73

Abstract:
Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh hasil belajar siswa kelas IV SD Katolik Tebuk yang kurang memuaskan dimana hanya 18 orang mencapai nilai KKM 75. Hal ini dikarenakan dalam pembelajaran guru hanya memberikan pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode ceramah, demonstasi dan penguasaan saja sehingga tidak memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk mengamati, mencari, serta menemukan konsep yang dipelajari. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan pembelajaran yang meliputi aktivitas guru dan siswa yang diamati oleh guru pamong, (2) untuk mengetahui hasil belajar siswa dengan menggunakan model Scramble di kelas IV SD Katolik Tebuk. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif yang dilakukan dalam dua siklus pelaksanaan tindakan. Data penelitian diperoleh dengan menggunakan instrumen tes tertulis dan pedoman observasi. Data-data penelitian dianalisis dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pembelajaran dengan menggunakan model Scramble dapat meningkatkan aktivitas guru dan siswa serta hasil belajar siswa. Hal ini terbukti dari hasil pengamatan yang diperoleh pada tiap siklusnya. Pada siklus I , presentase ketuntasan aktivitas guru mencapai 80,76%, presentase ketuntasan aktivitas siswa 67,85% dan presentase ketuntasan hasil belajar siswa mencapai 88,18%. Data pada siklus II, presentase ketuntasan aktivitas guru mencapai 95,19%, presentase ketuntasan aktivitas siswa mencapai 87,5%, dan presentase ketuntasan hasil belajar Siswa mencapai 92,72%. Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model kooperatif tipe scramble yang dilaksanakan dalam pembelajaran IPS meteri jenis-jenis pekerjaan dan kegiatan ekonomi dapat meningkatkan aktivitas guru, aktivitas siswa dan hasil belajar siswa kelas IV SD Katolik Tebuk.
Iramadhana Solihin
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 47-64; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.71

Abstract:
This study aims to (1) examine the learning outcomes of students' reading comprehension in class III SD Inpres Parang Makassar using power point media; (2) assessing the learning outcomes of students' reading comprehension in grade III SD Inpres Parang Makassar without using power point media; (3) examining the effectiveness of power point media to improve learning outcomes for reading comprehension of third grade students of SD Inpres Parang Makassar. This study used an experimental research design with a posttest only control design. The population of this research is the third grade students of SD Inpres Parang Makassar. The data that had been collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques and parametric inferential statistics type T Test that were processed using the SPSS version 20 windows computer program. The results of hypothesis testing show that (1) the value of t-count shows the number -9.708 with sig. (2 tailed) = 0.000. At the 95% significance level with 46 degrees of freedom. Because the significance value or p-value
Sonya
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 77-92; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.68

Abstract:
Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan kesulitan membaca yang di alami siswa kelas V SDI Wairotang dan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang menghambat siswa dalam kesulitan membaca. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa SDI Wairotang yang berkesulitan membaca. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Miles and Huberman yaitu mereduksi data, menyajikan data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian yang menunjukkan kesulitan yang dialami siswa adalah membaca belum lancar, mengeja, dan penggunaan tanda baca kurang tepat dan faktor-faktor yang menghambat siswa dalam membaca yakni kurangnya minat belajar membaca serta kurangnya dukungan keluarga dalam belajar membaca. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan maka dapat disimpulan bahwa kesulitan-kesulitan siswa dalam membaca dan faktor penghambat dalam membaca di kelas V SDI Wairotang yaitu: belum lancar membaca, mengeja dan penggunaan tanda baca yang kurang tepat serta kurangnya minat belajar membaca dan kurangnya dukungan keluarga dalam belajar membaca.
Mulyono, Ilham Ampo
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 93-112; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.72

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan tentang pemanfaatan sumber dan media belajar di era modernisasi dan globalisasi seperti di abad ke 21 ini, pendidikan menjadi semakin penting untuk menjamin peserta didik memiliki keterampilan (life skills). Hal ini sesuai dengan tuntutan abad 21 dimana peserta didik harus memiliki kompetensi berpikir dan belajar. Kompetensi-kompetensi tersebut diantaranya adalah kompetensi komunikasi (communication), kolaborasi (collaboration), berpikir kritis dan memecahkan masalah (critical thinking and problem solving) kreatif dan inovatif (creativity and innovation). Dalam pesatnya perkembangan IPTEK menuntut berbagai perubahan mendasar termasuk perubahan dalam memanfaatkan penggunaan media dan sumber belajar. Sehingga dengan adanya media dan sumber belajar yang lebih bervariatif, maka akan menjawab berbagai permasalahan pembelajaran sehingga akan menciptakan tujuan hasil pembelajaran yang lebih maksimal. Kata kunci: Media, Sumber, Belajar ABSTRACT This article aims to describe the use of learning resources and media in the era of modernization and globalization such as in this 21st century, Education to be more and more important to guarantee the member of education to have skills (life skills).It is in accordance with the 21st century pursuit , where they should have the competence of thinking and learning. Those competences are such as competence to communicate, collaborate, think critically, solve problems, and to be creative and innovative. Along with rapid development of Science and Technology it pursue many basic – changes including the changes in utilizing the use of media and learning resources.So that with the media and learning resources that are more varied, it will answer various learning problems so that it will create a goal of learning outcomes that is more leverage.Keyword: Media, Resources, Learning
Rusdin, Moh. Ali
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 15-28; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.65

Abstract:
Macro approach in the national education is both organization empowering and education process. Education excuting organization has coverage and autonomous that it can accommodate society need in every situation. The education process is carried out openly to inlarge inputs from society. the education process is carried out by instilling a sense of excellence to face global challenges, while at the same time trying to make educational institutions the center of civilization. all that requires educational innovation that focuses on curriculum renewal, teaching materials, evaluation systems, building repairs and construction, etc. Teachers as education personnel have a central role in administering an education system. By becoming a teacher, someone expects to be able to obtain adequate compensation for the necessities of life. In motivation theory, the provision of appropriate rewards and punishments, can affect the performance and quality of work.
Imelda Wisang
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 29-46; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.66

Abstract:
Latar belakang penelitian ini adalah rendahnya disiplin pada peserta didik SMK Negeri 3 Maumere.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Kedisiplinan dan Motivasi Belajar terhadap Prestasi Peserta Didik Kelas XI SMK Negeri 3 Maumere baik secara parsial maupun secara simultan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah peserta didik SMK Negeri 3, berjumlah 170 orang. Karena populasinya terbatas, maka penelitian ini dilakukan secara random sampling. Data dikumpulkan melalui quisioner dan dianalisis menggunakan metode statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial yaitu regresi linier berganda. Pengujian hipotesis dilakukan melalui Uji F dan Uji t. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa variabel Kedisiplinan nilai thitung sebesar 2.937dengan nilai signifikan sebesar 0.004. Nilai signifikansi ini lebih kecil dari tingkat alpha yang digunakan 5% (0,05), maka keputusannya adalah menolak hipotesis nol (Ho) dan menerima hipotesis alternatif (Ha), bahwa secara parsial variabel Kedisiplinan Belajar(X1) berpengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel Prestasi Belajar. Sedangkan variabel Motivasi Belajar menunjukkan bahwa nilai thitung sebesar 2.888 dengan nilai signifikan sebesar 0.005. Nilai signifikansi ini lebih kecil dari tingkat alpha yang digunakan 5% (0,05), maka keputusannya adalah menolak hipotesis nol (Ho) dan menerima hipotesis alternatif (Ha), bahwa secara parsial variabel Motivasi Belajar berpengaruh signifikan terhadap variabel Prestasi Belajar. Selain itu, hasil koefisien determinasi (R2) sebesar 0.122 yang berarti bahwa kedua variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini (Kedisiplinan Belajar, dan Motivasi Belajar) mampu menjelaskan variasi naik turunnya Prestasi Belajar SMK Negeri 3 Maumere sebesar 12.2%. Peserta didik SMK Negeri 3 Maumere disarankan untuk terus meningkatkan dan memperbaiki beberapa sub indicator disiplin dan Prestasi Belajar yang mempunyai nilai indeks lebih rendah dari nilai indeks Variabel.
Muhamad Yusuf, Mira Zuzana, Doli Witro
Published: 16 November 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss2.61

Abstract:
When talking about children’s abilities, they indeed cannot be separated from their educational or training background. Moreover, he has entered the working age that must have productivity in his work, especially at this time, where the era has entered the industrial revolution 4.0. The industrial revolution 4.0 is marked by the development of digitalization in various lines of life. On the one hand, the industrial revolution 4.0 had many positive impacts. However, on the other hand, as the McKinsey Global Institute states that as a result of the 4.0 industrial revolution in the next five years, there will be 52.6 million jobs that will decline and even disappear. This certainly will be a challenge for the centennial generation (children born from 1996-2011) at this time, which they have to survive with the existing conditions and situations. This paper will discuss several factors that describe and address issues such as what is meant by the centennial generation, literacy, and the urgency of literacy education for the centennial generation in the digital age. According to authors, thi is essential to discuss, given the increasingly rapid development and technological progress resulting in the loss of much work.
Ramhadi Ramhadi
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 167-190; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.59

Abstract:
The present study aimed at finding out the portrayal of rote learning method implementation which was applied by the coaches of TPQ al-Barokah in Kampung Melayu Village, Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu. This study used a qualitative approach. The data were gathered by means of observation and interview techniques. After the data were collected, the data were analyzed using phases referring to Miles, Huberman, and Saldana comprising data condensation, data display, and drawing conclusion. The findings of this study concluded that the rote learning method for Tajwid learning was considered very effective to be applied, and its merit was evident in students’ competence in the recitation of Qur’an at TPQ al-Barokah. Their competence was seen when they were re-examined by their Qur’anic coaches, and they could provide examples of Tajwid’s application in the Qur-an properly and correctly.
Syahrial Syahrial, Sri Winarni
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 113-126; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.62

Abstract:
Nine articles have been analyzed containing research results on misconceptions about isomerism. Analysis was conducted to examine the potential to causes emergence of the misconception. The analysis result are expected to be useful for teachers in learning for the same concepts. At least the teacher can avoid misconceptions that have happened before and innovate to find the right learning strategy. Isomerism can be categorized as a defined concept so that students are expected to be able to use rules for the purpose of classifying objects or events. The analysis showed 31 misconceptions experienced by grade 11 students to prospective chemistry teachers on isomerism concept. Thirty-one misconceptions are classified into three groups based on students' abilities needed to understand the concept of isomerism. The three groups are: (1) understanding the definition and application of rules; (2) spatial understanding; and (3) microscopic understanding. At this time only eleven misunderstandings were discussed, namely misunderstandings whose causes belong to the group (1). As an indicator caused misconception is inability of the sample to classify objects/events based on the attributes or characters indicated by the object/event. To teach a defined concept, it is recommended to use a strategy that contains detailed explanatory definitions and rules, examples and non-examples, and the elaboration process. In order to increase student reasoning, it is recommended to use a isomerism concept logic scheme
Moh Ali
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 45-60; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.64

Abstract:
Organizational culture is defined as the underlying beliefs, assumption, values and ways of interacting that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization. There are two types of culture, i.e. material culture and non-material culture, which had been organized and maintained according to the needs of human being. Source of the culture is originated from the product of human being’s thought. Human being itself is a unique individual whose behaviour influenced by many variations and shapes of culture in society. As for the object of organizational culture in educational institution, it included quality, achievement, and professionalism which can be developed by educational institution.
Ilham Ampo, Muh. Arif
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 61-90; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.57

Abstract:
Abstrak Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan Implementasi Hafalan Al-Qur’an terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa di Madrasah Aliyah Al-Huda Kota Gorontalo bahwasanya mengikuti program tahfiz peserta didik senantiasa terlatih untuk mempermantap bacaan Al-Qur’an mengetahui penerapan ilmu tajwid yang baik dan benar. Strategi implementasi hafalan Al-Qur’an bagi peserta didik ialah untuk menuntun siswa agar mudah dalam mengahafal Al-Qur’an, peserta didik yang ikut serta dalam program tahfiz rata-rata memiliki kemampuan yang baik dalam membaca Al-Qur’an yang baik dan benar berdasarkan kaidah tajwid, serta memiliki hafalan ayat-ayat Al-Qur’an yang nantinya menjadi bekal dasar untuk memperdalam ilmu pengetahuan agama. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah guru tahfiz di Madrasah Aliyah Al-Huda Kota Gorontalo terus meningkatkan sumber daya dalam strategi hafalan Al-Qur’an untuk menunjang proses kegiatan pembelajaran khususnya mata pelajaran yang membidangi Al-Qur’an seperti Al-Qur’an Hadist, Ilmu Al-Qur’an Tajwid dan Tahfiz. Kepada semua komponen yang ada di Madrasah Aliyah Al-Huda Kota Gorontalo yakni pihak yayasan, komite, orang tua dan kepala sekolah, diharapkan dapat bekerjasama untuk kelancaran program pendidikan terutama pada program tahfiz Al-Qur’an. Kata Kunci: Strategi, Hafalan Al-Qur’an, dan Hasil Belajar.
Ufiyah Ramlah Yasir Arafat
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 127-144; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.51

Abstract:
Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui: 1) konsep setting ruang bermain yang dapat menunjang kreativitas anak; 2) penataan ruang bermain yang dapat menunjang kreativitas anak yang sesuai dengan perkembangannya; 3) pengelolaan elemen fsik ruang bermain dalam mengembangkan kreativitas anak; 4) pola seting ruang bermain (indoor) yang dilakukan di dua tempat penitipan anak (TPA) besar di Yogyakarta. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan (field research) bersifat deskriptif kualitatif non statistik dengan menggunakan studi kasus (case study). Data diperoleh melalui observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara kemudian dianalisis dengan analisis tringulasi Moleong, yakni tringulasi sumber, tringulasi dengan metode, dan tringulasi dengan teori. Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua tempat peneitipan anak (TPA) besar yang ada di Yogyakarta yaitu Taman Pengasuhan Anak (TPA) Beringharjo dan Lembaga Pendidikan Islam Terpadu Untuk Anak Usia Dini Tiara Candra. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa: 1) konsep setting ruang bermain yang pada setiap lembaga yaitu menggunakan konsep home schooling dengan beyound centre and circle times (BCCT). 2) penataan ruang bermain dengan menggunakan sistem pembelajaran berdasarkan BCCT dan sudut ruang bermain yang disesuaikan dengan peralatan dan sesuai dengan masa perkembangannya. 3) pengelolaan elemen fisik ruang bermain seperti pemilihan warna dan furniture disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan anak serta tidak mengandung bahan yang berbahaya. 4) pola setting ruang bermain ditata sesuai dengan konsep ruang bermain seperti yang telah diprogramkan. Kata kunci: Ruang Bermain, Anak Usia Dini, Kreativitas
Dedik Prianto, Lukman Asha, Guntur Putra Jaya
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 21-44; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.58

Abstract:
This study aimed at finding out Islamic education values embedded in the tradition of Merti Deso in Suku Menanti Village, Sindang Jati District, Rejang Lebong Regency, Bengkulu. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach. The data collection techniques used in this study encompassed observation and interviews conducted periodically. After the data were collected, the data were further analyzed by means of Miles, Haberman, and Saldana’s version of stages, namely data selection, data presentation, and drawing conclusion. This study concluded that the Islamic education values embedded in the tradition of Merti Deso were religious and spiritual values, muamalah/social values, and economic values.
Gita Yolanda, Saidil Mustar, Deri Wanto
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 91-112; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.60

Abstract:
This study aimed at analyzing qualitatively the implementation of K13 curriculum which has long been applied in the state senior high school number 3 of Rejang Lebong. The data were garnered using observations and interviews for the sake of eliciting information to answer the proposed problem. The other technique considered important was documentation to see the curriculum-based depictions and loads in the existing documents. After the data were gathered, the selection of data was undertaken in order to be displayed in findings; the data were analyzed and discussed; and they were concluded as the ultimate answer to the formulated problem. The present study drew a conclusion that the implementation of k13 curriculum ran well although some obstacles were faced such as learning facilities. The entire school’s community seemed to be committed to carry out the mandate of this national educational system’s law such as training for teachers’ competence, doing the duties of making lesson plans in the form of RPP and syllabi, providing a monthly report concerning the implementation of learning by teachers, and carrying out evaluations alongside giving guidance for teachers’ performances.
Suriadi Samsuri
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 145-166; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.63

Abstract:
Artikel ini membahas tentang sistem pendidikan Islam terpadu yang merupakan suatu sistem pendidikan yang memadukan antara sistem pendidikan pesantren yang berorientasi pada pembinaan imtak, dengan sistem pendidikan sekolah umum yang berorientasi pada pembinaan iptek dan keterampilan fungsional yang berorientasi pada siap pakai untuk kerja dan berwira usaha. Lahirnya Sistem Pendidikan Islam Terpadu dilatarbelakangi oleh: (1) Adanya dikotomi antara ilmu umum dengan ilmu agama yang berimplikasi pada pesatnya kemajuan di bidang pengetahuan dan teknologi sementara pengetahuan agama diabaikan, atau sebaliknya pengetahuan keagamaan maju tetapi wawasan ilmu dan teknologi yang dimiliki anak didik rendah. (2) Adanya dikotomi jalur pendidikan sekolah dan luar sekolah yang berimplikasi tidak sinerginya antara kegiatan belajar, beribadah dan berkarya dengan keterampilan fungsional.
Rahma Fitria Purwaningsih, Mhd. Rasidin,
Published: 23 August 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 9, pp 1-20; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol9.iss1.55

Abstract:
Indonesia mengalami degradasi karakter yang ditandai dengan maraknya penyimpangan moral, baik sosial maupun agama. Penyimpangan tersebut jauh dari nilai-nilai keislaman namun ramai digandrungi generasi muda seperti budaya pacaran, seks bebas hingga homoseksual. Kasus aborsi di Indonesia terjadi sekitar 2,5 juta jiwa setiap tahunnya yang 30% diantaranya adalah remaja. Selain itu hasil survei lembaga independen menyebutkan 3% atau sederhananya 3 dari 100 penduduk Indonesia adalah pelaku homoseksual. Fenomena tersebut tidak lain disebabkan karena adanya dorongan perkembangan media dalam memfasilitasi free sex dengan tawaran akses yang semakin lengkap dan jauh meninggalkan nilai agama dan moral. Oleh sebab itu, pendidikan seks diharapkan menjadi jalan tengah yang perlu digalakkan dengan keyakinan bahwa pendidikan ini mampu membentengi dan mengarahkan mereka kepada pemahaman seks yang baik dalam pandangan agama maupun negara. Maka tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana materi dalam melakukan pembinaan pendidikan seks menurut pandangan Islam. Desain penelitian menggunakan analisis konten dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa sex education masih tabu dan kental akan pro dan kontra, namun substansi perdebatan tersebut hanya berputar pada materi dalam pendidikan seks. Oleh kebab itu, pembinaan sex education hendaknya melibatkan orang tua dan pendidik yang disertai dengan pengawasan berdasarkan Al-Quran dan As-Sunnah, yakni memberikan pemahaman terkait fitrah manusia, sopan dan memahami waktu yang tidak diperkenankan berkunjung, menahan diri dan menjaga pandangan, dan menjauhi zina.
Athoillah Islamy, Saihu
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 51-66; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.40

Abstract:
This study aims to find the values ​​of social educational contained in the Qur'an. This research is a qualitative research in the form of library research. The focus of the verse is the object and source of primary data of this study, namely various commentaries that explain Surah at-Taubah verses 71-72. While secondary data sources of research is various literatut that are relevant to the subject matter of discussion. To answer the discussion of the research, the writer uses the method of interpretation maudhu'i (thematic). This study concludes that the values ​​of humanistic social education contained in the letter at-Taubah verses 71-72 include attitudes of helping to help, an invitation to the good and preventing munkar, social solidarity, brotherhood. These values ​​can be a spirit of social education in forming empathy, mutual care, protection, tolerance and high social solidarity. The four values ​​of social education can be actualized in the context of the planting of social education in children through various things, among others, the cultivation of a noble mentality in children can be realized in the planting of brotherly values ​​and help children. Furthermore, the cultivation of a spirit of attention to the rights of others and a commitment to social ethics can be realized through the inculcation of the value of social solidarity. Then, inculcation of critical and social supervision can be realized by instilling the value of amar makruf nahi munkar.
Fatimah Saguni
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 19-32; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.46

Abstract:
Constructivism is the basis for thinking of a contextual approach, namely that knowledge is built not a set of facts, concepts, or rules that are ready to be remembered. Students must construct that knowledge and give meaning through real experience. Students need to be accustomed to solving problems, finding something useful for themselves, and struggling with ideas. The teacher will not be able to give all knowledge to students. Students must construct knowledge in their own minds. Knowledge is not static, but is constantly evolving and changing as students construct new experiences that force them to base themselves and modify previous knowledge.Learning must be packaged into the process of constructing knowledge rather than receiving knowledge. In the learning process, students build their own knowledge through active involvement in the learning and teaching process. Students become the center of activities, not teachers.Critical thinking is an attempt by someone to check the truth of information using the availability of evidence, logic, and awareness of bias. Critical thinking skills are the cognitive processes of students in analyzing systematically and specifically the problems faced, distinguishing these problems carefully and thoroughly, as well as identifying and reviewing information to plan problem solving strategies.
Hatta Fakhrurrozi
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 155-170; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.47

Abstract:
The National Education System, as a reference for implementing education in Indonesia, has a role as a minimum standardization of educational institutions that are currently developing in Indonesia. National Education System is a basic reference for the education system that has developed in various societies, related to curriculum, educational models, institutional standards, output standards and teacher standards. National Education System is important because without national standards, education in Indonesia will experience extraordinary inequality between urban areas and rural areas or disadvantaged areas. National Education System must be understood as a generally accepted minimum standard. Related to that, the government through the National Accreditation Board tries to control the quality of outputs and performance of educational institutions in various regions by using minimum standards that can be applied in the regions. Every educational institution needs a useful assessment to evaluate the performance of an educational institution. In general, the assessment aims to find out the deficiencies that exist in order to be repaired or developed in the future. This article seeks to discuss the role of the National Accreditation Board in improving the quality of education in Indonesia.
Colle Said
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 139-154; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.50

Abstract:
Character-based education management aims to integrate everything, both personal, spiritual, attitudes and behaviors as well as material related to the achievement of educational goals. In the process, education of all the efforts of the people involved in the process of achieving these educational goals is then effectively integrated, organized and coordinated, and all materials needed, and existing ones are used efficiently. Character-based education management in schools can be as a basic knowledge that has its own characteristics that are different from other administrative sciences that lie in its operational principles, and not in general principles. Every activity in the education administration process is directed to achieve educational goals. In the management of character-based education, it is also necessary to have good coordination and supervision or supervision from the leadership. Keywords:
Fitri Rahayu
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 113-138; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.45

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to find out the significant effect of self-concept on learning motivation of VII grade students in SMP Negeri 4 Palu on Islamic Religious Education subjects, (2) knowing the effect of learning discipline on learning motivation of VII grade students at SMP Negeri 4 Palu in the eyes of Islamic Religious Education subjects and (3) determine the effect of self-concept and learning discipline on learning motivation of grade VII students in SMP Negeri 4 Palu on Islamic Religious Education subjects.This study uses a quantitative approach. The population in this study were 220 class VII students of SMP Negeri 4 Palu. The sample was determined using proportional random sampling technique using a formula developed by Isaac and Michael, so that a sample of 135 students was obtained. Primary data were obtained using a questionnaire. Data analysis techniques include descriptive analysis, and regression tests using simple regression and multiple regression.The results showed that (1) There was a significant influence between self-concept on learning motivation of VII grade students in SMP Negeri 4 Palu on Islamic Religious Education subjects, with a significance level of 5%, the magnitude of the effect of self-concept variables on students' learning motivation was 0, 615 means having a high influence (2) There is a significant influence between learning discipline on learning motivation of VII grade students in SMP Negeri 4 Palu on Islamic Religious Education subjects, with a significance level of 5%, the magnitude of the effect of the discipline of learning variables on motivation student learning is 0, 565, (3) There is a significant influence between self-concept and learning discipline on learning motivation of grade VII students in SMP Negeri 4 Palu on Islamic Religious Education subjects, with a significance level of 5%, the high influence of concept variables self and discipline of learning towards learning motivation of VII grade students of SMP Nege ri 4 Palu in Islamic Religious Education subjects is 0, 615. The contribution of self-concept variables and learning discipline to learning motivation variables is R2 x 100% or 0, 6152 x 100% = 37.9%, the remaining 62.1% is determined by other variables outside of this study include the level of interest, talent, attention, parenting parents and others.
Rahmawati
Published: 9 February 2020
Paedagogia: Jurnal Pendidikan, Volume 8, pp 95-112; https://doi.org/10.24239/pdg.vol8.iss2.44

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to describe the science process skills of students of PGMI FTIK IAIN Palu on the science laboratory of Asam Basa. This research is a descriptive study conducted at the PGMI Study Program in September to October 2019. The research subjects were students of semester 3 of PGMI in the academic year 2019/2020 who took 28 natural science courses. Data in the form of students' Science Process Skills were obtained from the student performance appraisal in the science practicum on acid-base material. The results showed that students' science process skills varied in each category. For the category of skills using tools and materials, the average percentage for the 2 indicators is 83.05% or very high. For the category of observation skills, the average percentage for the two indicators is 83% or very high. For the grouping / classification skills category, the average percentage for the 2 indicators is 79% or in the high category. Whereas for communication skills where in this category there are 3 indicators with an average indicator of 82.5 or very high. Overall by averaging the percentage of all indicators obtained the percentage for science process skills in science lab, wet acid material is 82%. This shows that the science process skills of PGMI students are very high.
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