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Results in Journal Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya: 32

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Tira Nur Fitria
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.9248

Abstract:
The objectives of this research are to know the type and examples of the word-formation process of the terms that appear during pandemic Covid-19. This research uses qualitative research. From the result analysis, some types of word-formation processes include borrowing, compounding, blending, acronym, clipping, and multiple processes. In borrowing, for example, the words “Rapid test” and “Swab test”. In compounding, for example, the words “handsanitizer, lockdown, coronacoma, coronaspeck and self-quarantine”. In blending, for example, the words ‘covid, covidiot, covidient, quarantini, infodemic, quaranteam, coronials, covexit, covidivorce, quaranteen and coroncation”. In clipping, for example, the words ‘sanny” and “iso”. The word “sanny’ comes from “hand sanitizer” and “Iso” comes from “isolation”. In the acronym, for example, the initials WFH (Work from Home), PPE (Personal Protective Equipment), WFO (Work from Office), and PUI (Person Under Investigation). In multiple processes for example the words “handwashing”, zoomboombing, coronababies, self-isolation”.
H Haryati
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.9308

Abstract:
COVID-19 has been the pandemic in Indonesia since March 2020. Drastically, it impacts on educational segment; therefore, the platforms of digital tools are able to be the best alternative way to overwhelm this issue and to strengthen the material delivery conducted by educational institution including universities. They can be beneficial tools in COVID-19 pandemic condition as teachers’ assistance. Due to these issues, this study was conducted to determine students’ perspective on the implementation of platforms in virtual learning environment during Covid-19 pandemic. This study involved 105 participants of the sixth semester students of English department of Universitas Pamulang. To obtain the data, the writer distributed a survey consisting 3 major questions (the platform reference, the advantages and the challenges); the students handed the reflective notes in to all questions related to the implementation of virtual learning in COVID-19 pandemic situation. The findings revealed that the students prefer having screen recording in learning activity (38.10%), Google Meeting (28.57%), Kahoot (19.04%), and Ed Puzzle (14.29%). Furthermore, the advantages of the platforms are time flexibility, effective platforms, less quota, interaction, fun application, the mastery of grammar; however, the challenges are monotonous activity, the students’ boredom, difficult to create an account, poor responses, poor internet connection and inequivalent schedule.
Risa Arroyyani
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.9309

Abstract:
Listening is crucial to understand spoken language and to support the other language skills mastery; however, some students find several problems related to listening. This study aims to determine students’ listening problems and listening strategies they apply to overcome the difficulties. The research type is qualitative research using questionnaires and interviews as research instruments. This research used descriptive statistics to analyze the data obtained from the questionnaires and an interpretation of coding to analyze the interview transcript data. The respondents were 31 pharmacy students involved in the English for Pharmacy class, and there were three of them engaged in a structured interview session. The findings of this study were: (1) the students were moderate-level in listening problems of perception (M=2.91), parsing (M=3.18), and utilization (M=2.95) phase, (2) the students were high-level strategy users in cognitive, meta-cognitive, and socio-affective strategy, (3) the students mostly experienced difficulty in the parsing phase compared to two other problems and applied cognitive and meta-cognitive strategies than socio-affective strategy.
Rohmatul Jannah, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Nida Husna, Imam Khasbani
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.8768

Abstract:
The present study aims to analyze multiple-choice questions obtained from a trial testing conducted in a state junior high school in Indonesia. The study seeks to reveal the level of difficulty, discriminating power and distractor efficiency of the selected test items by employing item analysis. The result of the study discovers that levels of difficulty on the question items are varied. Some question tended to be easy and moderately difficult while the others are difficult to answer. It also uncovers that, in regard to discriminating power, some questions are well constructed while the others are ambiguously worded that can potentially cause the questions to fail to evaluate the students’ ability. The analysis on distractor efficiency presents information how the chosen multiple-choice questions were frequently constructed with less effective distractors that caused more high achieving students to choose wrong answers.
Dewi Puspitasari, Norma Nofianto, Muhammad Ifanul Huda
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.9469

Abstract:
This paper focuses on the teacher’s strategies during an online learning in Survival Speaking subject. Drawing on narrative inquiry, the paper describes and analyzes how a teacher deals with online learning from August to September 2020. The paper concludes that the teacher experienced challenges in teaching during the pandemic and he was stimulated to provide engaging learning by combining both synchronous and asynchronous mode of learning for his Survival Speaking students. The teaching practice was affected by his teaching philosophy and the implementation was in accordance to Vigotskian’ Zone of Proximal Development in conducting the learning during COVID-19 pandemic by providing help and support for the students before making sure the students would be ready in the real practice.
Fikha Nada Naililhaq, Wening Udasmoro
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 15; doi:10.30595/lks.v15i1.9107

Abstract:
The issue of the women’s role in the public sphere has been widely carried out in literary research. However, research on women's participation specifically on economic issues by looking at its theoretical and empirical aspects is still something that is very rarely carried out in literary research. The purpose of this study is to explore in more detail about women's participation in the economy. By using the lens of women's thinking and their participation in the economic field in the concept of women economic participation from Jacqui True, this research focuses on this issue. The method used is analyzing the content of the story that has been done by collecting data by collecting words, sentences, paragraphs related to women's participation in the economy. Furthermore, the data that have been found are analyzed using descriptive analysis methods. The descriptive method of analysis was carried out in several stages. The first stage is data collection which is done by collecting the aspects of women's participation in the economy in general in the data table. From the data table, it is classified according to the economic participation patterns found. The next stage is data analysis by dialogue data from the novel with the theory of women's participation in the economy. The results of this study indicate that women are able to get out of the crisis with their own efforts and hard work. Women also have an important role in the economic sector because they are able to create their own business opportunities so that they can improve their life.
Fithriyah Rahmawati
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7637

Abstract:
The discussion in line with students’ beliefs about language learning is still popular nowadays since it is believed that the student’s beliefs may influence the language learning process, such as motivation, learning style, and strategies, etc. which later ultimately affected the success of language learning. This study was conducted to investigate how students of the English program at IAIN Madura (State Islamic Institute of Madura), Indonesia, express their beliefs about English language learning. This study was implemented in terms of survey study in which the data was primarily gathered by administering the questionnaire entitled Beliefs About Language learning Inventory (BALLI) of Horwitz’s (1987). The questionnaires were administered to students of English teaching and learning program through Google form. About 144 undergraduate students in the first year have participated in this study. The finding revealed the students’ beliefs in terms of percentage of agreements in all area of BALLI, namely language aptitude, the strategy of learning and communication, the nature of learning language, motivation and expectation in learning, and the difficulty faced by students
Agus Sufyan, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7237

Abstract:
English teachers in Indonesia typically teach in large classroom size, with high possibility to teach more than two classes. When it comes to assessing students’ work, most of them tended to rely on teacher assessment, for it is considered as part of their duties as professional teachers. However, when dealing with students’ work, students may also need superficial and substantial correction and feedback rather than receiving marks only. Nevertheless, to provide those corrections and feedback, English teachers need a considerable amount of time to complete the assessment process; estimated calculation has been provided in this paper. Therefore, this conceptual paper aims to provide an alternative way to assess students’ work through peer assessment. Some benefits and challenges have been discussed to give insights for English teachers in Indonesia. This paper agrees that peer assessment can help teachers regarding time efficiency and help students regarding increased learning engagement. Moreover, English teachers need to pay tackle to some challenges such as shifting from a traditional perspective towards teacher authority and addressing issues of validity and reliability from students’ marking results. This paper suggests that though teachers can minimize their workload, their presence is pivotal in assisting students during the assessment process.
Kamal Yusuf, Syahrul Mabagits
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7383

Abstract:
The challenging nature of speaking English in connection to organization activeness of university students lead to some issues. The scarcity of research on that area was amongst the rationales behind conducting this present study. This study aimed to investigate students' perception on organization activeness in improving English speaking ability. A phenomenon in the background of this study indicates the significance of organizational activities fot university students and the salient of English in educational context. This study was conducted at State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel Surabaya participated by 30 students of English Education department whom have actively involved the intra or extra campus organization. The instrument used to collect data for this study was a questionnaire that has been tested for its its validity and reliability. The results of the present study revealed that the student generally demonstrated their positive reflections on that the organizational activeness contributes to improving their English speaking ability.
Ajar Pradika Ananta Tur, Shella Antoro Putri
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7638

Abstract:
Code switching and code mixing have become a trend in teenagers’ communication today. Not only in communicating, code switching and code mixing also influence the author’s style in writing novels. However, recently, it is not easy to define which is code switching or code mixing because the occurrence of the codes is very tight recently. The characters in the novel often do codes at least Indonesian-English. The objectives of this study are to find out the form of codes and the sociolinguistic features of the characters in Refrain novel. This research uses descriptive qualitative design from collecting the data until analyzing them. The result of the analysis yields some forms of codes spoken by the characters in the novel. The forms are sentence, clause, phrases like noun phrase & verb phrase, and words like noun, verb, adjective, & adverb. The other problem indicating their social background reflects the sociolinguistic features of the characters. They are education, family, friendship, and occupation.
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7594

Abstract:
Identity is significant issue in the world. Pakistani-American Muslim women faced the problems of identity because they got different treatment in the society. This study reveals how do Pakistani-American Muslim women negotiate their identity and the result of negotiation? This research was done under descriptive qualitative research. The data of the research are the words, phrases, and sentences from diasporic literature entitled Saffron Dreams by Shaila Abdullah that published in 2009. To analyze the data, this study used postcolonial theory based on Bhabha’s hybridity and Tomey’s identity negotiation concept. Based on the research, it is found that Pakistan American Muslim women negotiate their identity by mindful negotiation namely adapting American culture and shaping hybrid identity. They change their fashion style by putting off their veils. They replace Arabic name into American style to hide their religious identity. In building the house they American building with Arabian nuance. On the other hand, in assimilating the culture to get a job, Pakistani American Muslim women must fight harder because of the striking differences in culture and the idealism they believe in.
F Fatimah, Irma Shinta Dewi, Sri Purwantini
Leksika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra dan Pengajarannya, Volume 14; doi:10.30595/lks.v14i2.7590

Abstract:
This research is aimed to find out the target and learning needs of Nautical students at PIP Semarang and designing the appropriate material for Nautical students at PIP Semarang. This is a Research and Development project. The steps of doing this research are (1) need analysis (2) make syllabus (3) designing materials (4) expert consultation (5) try out material (6) evaluation. The subject of this research is the third-semester students of Nautical department at PIP Semarang. The instruments used are questionnaires for need analysis, interview guide and observation sheets. The data were analyzed by using descriptive quantitative and qualitative. The results of the research recommend three units namely (1) Initial Call (2) Message Marker and (3) On Board Communication Phrases which are developed with communicative approach. The research gives contribution to the teaching and learning English at Nautical Department of Politeknik Ilmu Pelayaran Semarang.
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4073

Abstract:
This paper aims to study about the query of femaleness in Indonesian folktales from the feminism approach. It is taken into account due to women’s subordination that allegedly implies the negation of femaleness. In particular, the perpetual story of Malin Kundang represents that owing to her weakness, a woman is a subordinate creature. It happens when Malin Kundang denies the appearance of her mother after a series of successes he makes. Another popular story, Sangkuriang, even depicts that due to her beauty, a woman is an object of sex. It is seen when Sangkuriang proposes Dayang Sumbi to be his wife because of his inability of recognising her as his mother after some year banishment. The subordination eventually drives the two women to struggle against it in order to defend their dignity. The mother of Malin Kundang spells him to be a stone and Dayang Sumbi overtly refuses Sangkuriang’s proposal. Their struggles are of course valued of the morality for wider public, too. Despite this, the tales remain a query of women’s existence, particularly that of femaleness. The truth that a woman is biologically and socially the mother of man is denied in order to sustain men’s superiority. By biologically it means that a woman is the undenied creature for her gifted power of childbirthing. It then socially gives her more power to sustain the generations and the social relationships. Furthermore, it is pivotal to investigate the feminist critical ideas about the essence of femaleness in the Indonesian folktales.
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3858

Abstract:
Social media have grown up as something hallucinogenic. They offer millions of pleasures by having people’s fingertips to control through smart phones. People may interact to each other for various motivations and purposes without knowing who they are talking to in fact although they know the name of the interlocutor shown in the social media account. This leads to cybercrime because people often miss to validate it. This research would like to investigate why people close their eyes to verify the person they are talking to in the social media and how the interlocutors enable to ensure that they are the same person as in the speakers thought. By having descriptive qualitative method with interview as the major for collecting data, the research results some signposts. Addressing, tone, and spelling and punctuation are linguistics features that the doer of cybercrime must have as a key to crack the security without any violence. The doer copies how the way people having the account of social media to ensure the interlocutor through a private chat.
, Nina Fivi Oktavia
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4103

Abstract:
Teaching is to create environment for students to learn. However, there are times when students become reluctant to learn. One reason is the given learning tasks are irrational. A good example in the ELT context is a common reading comprehension class in which the teacher gets the students to produce oral or written answers to a series of ‘wh’ questions that follow a reading passage. It is too demanding. This paper aims to propose EFL learning tasks that adopt (or adapt) option-based techniques in an attempt to facilitate students’ learning. The paper begins with the rationale behind the adoption of each technique. Then, it discusses things to consider when preparing the tasks. A selected sample of such techniques for ELT will be presented in the last part of the paper.Keywords : Option-base tasks, ELT, techniques
Lilik Istiqomah, Aulia Ilma Muyasaroh, Ika Lutfiana Muliawati
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3917

Abstract:
This study sets out to describe the translation strategy and the impacts of the strategy to the accuracy and acceptability of slang words translation in “The Kissing Booth” movie subtitle. The research data were collected from “The Kissing Booth” movie file along with the subtitles, both in English and Indonesian. The data were all slang words found in “The Kissing Booth” movie dialogue and subtitle. This study employed descriptive qualitative method to analyze the slang words from the dialogue in the movie. The result of the research shows that the slang words found in the movie are divided into 8 (eight) categories which are: Euphemism with 4 (four) data, Dysphemism with 11 (eleven) data, Typical in Spoken Language with 8 (eight) data, Typical in Informal Situation with 11 (eleven) data, Metaphorical Utterance with 5 (five) data, Proverb with 2 (two) data, Untranslatability with 4 (four) data, and Neutral Syntactic Level with 5 (five) data.
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.4062

Abstract:
It has a long history of teaching English literature and language in this sub-continent. The European colonial rulers introduced this teaching with the motive of serving their own purpose, but paradoxically this teaching has benefited the people of this soil as well in many ways. From the very beginning, the English department of any college or university has been treated as one of the most prestigious departments that have produced the best citizens of this soil. But recently the teaching scenario of these departments in Bangladesh is being severely affected owing to different kinds of changes that have occurred in the social and academic arenas of the country. It is now the demand of the present time that the English departments of the universities of our country should take proper steps to address those problems properly and bring back its reputation. The present study attempts to find out the problems that are affecting the teaching and learning process of these departments and thereby damaging the glory and reputation of them, and also to provide some suggestions to cope with those problems.
LEKSIKA, Volume 13; doi:10.30595/lks.v13i1.3883

Abstract:
Up to this present time, self access language learning (SALL) has become an interesting topic for study. Many scholars have devoted their attention to the study on this topic that many of their papers are published in Studies in Self Access Learning journal. Though many studies have discussed this topic, the websites that can be integrated into SALL as a strategic way to ficilitate the autonomous learning remains underresearched. This paper is based on a research looking at the integration of websites into SALL from the perspective of SALL materials in an online SALL centre. It looks at which English language skills are offered as SALL materials and which websites provide SALL materials. The data concerning these two themes were collected from the online visit to to Self Access Centre and INdependent Learning (SACIL) set up at the University of Waikato. SALL materials in SACIL include general language skills, grammar, reading, listening, speaking and pronunciation, writing, punctuation, vocabulary and spelling, IELTS, and study skills and exam preparation which are linked to a large number of websites. With these website-based SALL materials, the learners over the world can finally practice their skill autonomously.Key words: website, self access laguage learning, autonomous learning.
, Dwi Lia Rakhmasari
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3354

Abstract:
As Contextual Redefinition (CR) provides chances to guess meaning of word by its surrounding, it is expected to encourage students to participate more by contributing in the required steps. This study aims to measure implementation effects (score and class involvement) of CR toward Management study programme students and to find out their attitude of it. Conducted as an experimental research, this research involves three cycles of treatment. It is fulfilled with description of students attitude toward CR implementation in which the data is gained through questionnaire. Three findings are as follow: 1) CR provides mean score betterment of 61.58 on pretest to 69.11 on post-test with the absence of saturation until the end of cycle three; 2) CR activates students with class involvement increase of 16.19 on each cycle; and 3) CR is favoured by 47.54% students and 55.88% students expecting CR to be applied in every reading section. The findings indicate that despite having good significance in improving the score, this strategy is favored by less than half of students and only half and so will require its application in the process of class lecturing.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3803

Abstract:
This article explores the use of DST and the explicit teaching in one of universities in Indonesia on how stu-dents use it to help the learning process. Using a digital story to teach English and Based on multimodal theory, the term of DST has been increasingly used by scholars to illustrate various forms of support of learn-ing to help students learn successfully in a classroom. Despite being widely used in educational context of many countries, DST has received scanty attention from teacher especially in ESP classes. This article specif-ically describes our experience of using DST as a learning aid with students of 18 to 19 years old. In this project they individually created collected the photographs based on their interest related to the specified theme as multimodal text. In the process they utilized two linguistic resources (Bahasa Indonesia and Eng-lish) to help them in understanding the process of creation. Several supports from machine translation and machine pronunciation software were employed during the creation of DST project. The result shows that DST helps students in composing narrative writing by analyzing the visual prompts. This proves that DST is impending to support the writing process as students were engaged during the process.
Zaini Rohmad,
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3807

Abstract:
Plagiarism is an intolerant action in the circumstances of education; it is stealing or cheating any papers, ideas, and things related to someone’s works. This is a harmful offence with academic, professional, legal, and monetary consequences when someone is proved as a plagiarist. Students can be expelled from the class when they cheat colleagues’ works; the worst is that the university can retract their certificate of graduation when their manuscripts are investigated and proved as result of copying other works. Regarding to its danger, pla-giarism has to be avoided trough establishing curriculum in higher level of education. Teacher and lecturer should provide their lessons, especially in language skills, with awareness of the plagiarism danger to the students. A skill of language that most easily susceptible and detected in plagiarism is writing. Since writing is not a gift skill as listening, students need to learn how to write properly. Simply, when they are not able to rewrite someone’s statements with their own wording, students are doing plagiarism. This article reporting at a descriptive qualitative research aimed at describing the teaching method to raise students’ awareness toward the danger of plagiarism which is applied by a lecturer in Academic Writing Class of EED - UNS for the academic year 2016. She believes that when the students have awareness in the risks or consequences of plagiarism, they will act for not doing plagiarism in their works. She supports her conventional way of teach-ing with technology of plagiarism checker. The method of enrichment traditional teaching with technology is known as Tech-Rich Instruction (not blended learning). This Tech-Rich Instruction she applied is successful-ly raising her students’ awareness in the danger of plagiarism and leads to the efforts of avoiding plagiarism in academic writing.
, N Ngadiso, Abdul Asib
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3017

Abstract:
This study designed to improve students’ writing skills through Edublogs of one Senior High Schools in Indonesia. Based on the preliminary observation, there were problems found in the field such as students’ poor writing skills and low interest toward writing, inappropriate teacher’s style in teaching, the role of media and the unsuitable utilization of internet facility. Regarding to the result of the observations, students had some problems in recount text writing those are the generic structure, the purpose and the language features. In addition, they had no capability to make a self-reflection on their mistakes in their own writing. It happens since their English teacher has a tendency to to directly correct their mistakes.This current research was an action research study consisting of two cycles. There are 23 students involved in this study. The data of this study were qualitative and quantitative. The qualitative data were obtained, the first, by observing the teaching and learning process during the implementation of the actions and the second, by interviewing the students and the collaborator about the actions implemented. Furthermore, the qualitative data were in the form of field notes and interview transcripts. Meanwhile, the quantitative data were gained by assessing the students’ writing skills through the pretest and posttest. The qualitative data were analyzed using the qualitative data analysis those are data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing and verification. The results of this study show that Edublogs is an effective media that can be used to improve students’ writing skills qualitatively and quantitatively. Qualitatively, using Edublogs, teaching and learning process became more interesting. The students enjoyed the writing process. The students’ problems in writing can be reduced by using Edublogs in teaching-learning process by applying writing stages through Edublogs. Quantitatively, the average score gained by the students in cycle one was 67.37 while in cycle two is 72.58. The results, however, show that students’ writing skill improves significantly through blogging activity. Thus, it can be concluded that the students are more enthusiastic and more interested in writing English.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3806

Abstract:
This study will analyze the translation of sentences in the text by giving consideration to the distribution of information presented in the form of Theme-Rheme relation. First we will identify Themes - Rheme in the sentences in the text and will analyze the results of the translation. The theme is information that is priori-tized in a sentence usually placed in the beginning of sentence, and Rheme is the proposed information. There are three types of Themes, namely Topical Theme, Interpersonal Theme, and Textual Theme. The object of discussion here is the Topical Themes, which are Themes relating to how the subject matter discussed in the clause or sentence is laid out. Topical themes are divided into two types: Marked Topical Theme and Un-marked Topical Theme. The analysis of Topical Themes are taken from a bilingual children's book entitled Sangkuriang from the publisher Nexx Media Inc., Bandung. Sangkuriang is one of the popular Indonesian folklore that tells of a very beautiful mother whose admirer is his own son. The text to be analyzed is part of the text that tells about the birth of Dayang Sumbi, the mother of Sangkuriang. From the result of the whole analysis, the source text consists of 10 Marked Topical Theme and Top 10 Unmarked Topical Theme. There are some Topical theme changes from the source text to the target text: a sentence with an Unmarked Topical Theme is translated into a sentence with a Marked Topical Theme, and vice versa. Based on the analysis of Topical Themes on the Source Text and Target Text it can be concluded that there are some sentences that have shifted Topical Themes. There have been some changes in information due to the shift in this Topical Theme, so it can be said that this translation is not good. At the end of the analysis is given an edit on the target text. The edit of this translation does not change the Topical Theme from the Source Text, so the sub-ject matter in each sentence of the Target text is the same as the subject matter in each sentence of the Source Text.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3805

Abstract:
This article provides an introduction to keys to ELT for the 21st century. The keys include these areas of dis-cussion: challenges of the 21st century, a ELT design for the 21st century, and roadmap for ELT in the 21st century and beyond. The article also presents an investigation and implementation of the design for the new environment. This article also presents examples of how the deign is successfully enhanced in ESL contexts. In the end, this article concludes with a roadmap of ELT for the future.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i2.3804

Abstract:
This paper will explore the implementation of the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, in reaching the goal of creating autonomous learners. Autonomous Learner is the ultimate objective in teaching learning processes. It is the beginning of the long-life learning processes. By creating autonomous learners, the process of achieving better graduate quality will be more effective and efficient. To reach the goal of producing autonomous learners, the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, focuses its curriculum on the graduate abilities in “thinking how to think” and “learning how to learn” through the Competency Based Curriculum.Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) is the teaching learning planning which bases its objectives on the students’ competences. To achieve the ultimate goal of language learning the Department of English Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta needs to choose the relatively most effective curriculum and method of teaching for the students. Therefore, the department chooses CBC that applies student centred learning (SCL) to achieve the autonomous learning model. The department also applies constructivism approach which enhance the students curiosity to accelerate the autonomous learning in the student centred learning.
Sumira Sumira, Nini Wahyuni
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2299

Abstract:
This Research and Development (R&D) study discussed about the development of feature radio as the model in making radio broadcasting product for English Department students of State Polytechnic of Padang. The aims of this research is to develop an appropriate model of feature radio that can be used as the standard model in conducting final project. The development was carried out through several steps, namely; needs analysis, product development, product validation, and revision. The needs analysis data were taken from syllabus, academic data, and interview. Meanwhile, the product validation were taken from experts’ judgment. The data were collected through analyzing syllabus, conducting interviews, and giving question-naires. The result of this research is a model of feature radio.Keywords— Feature radio, Research and Development, Pre-production, Production, Post Production
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2197

Abstract:
This paper is about the existence of linguistics landscape along the Soeharso’s street Purwokerto which shows the diverse people in using language of their stores, restaurants, eateries, cafes, or street vendor banner whereby traders use their own prominent language in monolingualism, bilingualism, or multilingualism. For restaurants, eateries, or street vendors, they include person’s name as their stall name, and also include the origin of the food pioneer to show their sense of solidarity, while shops, distros, cafes include English as a powerful weapon in attracting customers based on prestige. Both phenomenon are evidence of how the power and sense of solidarity are raised into the name of business places they build as their strategy in marketing and introducing their business.
Maria Agustin Daniastuti
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2323

Abstract:
This study purposes is to find out the significance of motivation and teching learning technique effect toward students learning result score on speaking skill. this research was conducted at Tarciusius Vocational School Semarang and took thirty one students as data source. Experimental research was choosen to solve the research question with help of SPSS statistical prgram in order to increase the accuracy. This research were employed questionnaire, t-test, and f-test in data collection. Based on the finding, speaking skill learning result by using simulation technique and role play tend to achive better result on post-test than pre-test. Future testing shows that speaking skill learning result by using simulation technique significantly better than role play. Other findings show that high motivation studentssignificantly influence toward speaking learning result by using simulation technique and role play. In other hand Low motivation students does not significantly influence toward speaking skill learning result. Finally, this research conclude that simulation technique is appropriate learning technique in order to improve speaking learning result than role play.Keyword : Motivation, Simulation Technique, Role play
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2303

Abstract:
This article describes the study of discourse analysis in a specified domain of maxim upon a selected work of Japanese literature, in form of light novel written by Akira Kareno and illustrated by Ue, entitled equals in English as ‘What Do You Do at the End of the World? Are You Busy? Will You Save Us?’. Several objectives are deduced by the researcher in quest of finding the forms of these cooperative principles within the passage. Briefly, maxim itself is a maxim is a compact expression of a general truth or rule of conduct. Also known as a proverb, saying, adage, sentential, and precept, which emphasized the use of formulaic ways of conveying the common wisdom of the people. In our analysis of ‘WorldEnd’ light novel, the varieties of Gricean maxim: maxim of quantity, quality, relevance, and manner, are discussed in order in relation with true meaning discovery behind each cooperative principles properties.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2192

Abstract:
IELTS test nowadays becomes one of the most important thing to get for those especially who want to continue their study in English speaking country especially UK or Australia. Because of the important roles of this standardized tests, it effects on students’ lives around the world. This study is conducted to find out the IELTS test influence on learners preparing for a test on learning and teaching outcomes and an obvious path for IELTS teachers in order to modify their methods and strategy of teaching. Therefore, the present study has tried to investigate whether IELTS preparation classes have any influence on the learning processes and the achievement of students in such an examination. To obtain the data, the writers used library research. A qualitative analysis was employed by identifying and classifying the finding of previous research of washback effects of the IELTS test toward the learners. It was found that there are positive and negative washback effects of IELTS test toward the learners.
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2355

Abstract:
The study is aimed to find out the midwifery students’ need for the materials that they can use to learn English that is appropriate with their field as midwifery students, to describe the design of At-Work Conversation based materials for midwifery Students, and to find out the effectiveness of the materials to increase the students’ ability in making conversation in working situation or in improving the students’ communication skill. This is a Research and Development study (R and D). The researcher used theories of ESP material design Proposed by Hutchinson and Waters and John Munby in conducting the research. The procedure of the research consists of 3 steps namely exploring, designing product, and implementation and evaluation stages. In step one, the researcher conducted need analysis and investigating the existing product for the English teaching in Midwifery program of STIKES Muhammadiyah Gombong. In step 2, the researcher designed syllabus and the first draft of the materials based on the need analysis. In step 3, the researcher tried out the materials, and asked evaluation for the first draft of the materials and revised the first draft based on the evaluation results and wrote the final draft of the materials. Before the application of the materials, the researcher conducted the pre and post test to find out the effectiveness of the designed materials to improve the students’ communication skill. Based on the need analysis the researcher found that the midwifery theme based English materials were needed in line with the competence based curriculum applied in the Midwifery Program. The researcher designed the materials based on the communicative competences for midwifery students in 9 (nine) units namely I am a Midwife, Admission in a Private Midwife Clinic, Checking Vital Signs, Antenatal Care (ANC), Assisting Labor/ Childbearing, Dealing with Post partum women, Newborn Care, Family Planning and reproductive health Counseling and Providing Child health care. Each unit consists of four basic elements (sub titles). The effectiveness on the product can be shown from the improvement scores on the post test. The dependent sample T-Test statistic result shows value Sig (2-Tailed) 0.000 or less than 0.05 which means that score improvements of the pre and post test are significant. The results of the optional questioners given to the experts and students indicate positive mean and mode scores which mean that they mostly agreed with the statements on the questioners and agreed with the designed materials. It can be concluded that the materials made by the researcher are suitable for the midwifery students. Keywords: Designing English Material, Midwifery English, R and D
Furqonul Azies
LEKSIKA, Volume 12; doi:10.30595/lks.v12i1.2346

Abstract:
This study explores (1) students’ perception of the implementation of ‘Reciprocal Q/A Presentation’ (Reqap) as a method, which is developed on three pedagogical principles: student centered learning, English as a medium of instruction (EMI), and authentic evaluation; (2) the anxiety level the students experienced during the classes using Reqap; and (3) their expectations of Reqap method. The respondents were students of the fifth semester at the English Department of Education and Teacher Training Faculty at Muhammadiyah University of Purwokerto, Indonesia. It randomly took 41 out of 102 students of the semester. This research was descriptive in nature. The data were gathered through closed and open questionnaires. The findings revealed that (1) on average students had good perception of Reqap method (4.02) and (2) the students’ anxiety was at severe level (10.93), and (3) from the open questionnaire the data shows that (a) though it caused the high level of anxiety, the use of EMI brought about awareness in the importance of vocabulary and grammar, (b) authentic evaluation helped create positive backwash on the learning, (c) Reqap made students exerted themselves more, and (d) Reqap facilitated class management. The implications of this study point to the importance of using teaching methods characterized by student centered learning, EMI, and authentic evaluation.
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