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Results in Journal Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy: 24

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, Aragona Alejandro, Quintaie Agustin, Moschen Horacio, Mendez Martín
Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy, Volume 5, pp 002-005; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acst.1001023

Abstract:
Cervical cancer constitutes an issue in public health, becoming the leading cause of death by cancer in women between 20-40 years of age in Latin America. In Argentina 5000 new cases are diagnosed each year, where more than 56% are in advanced stages. The aim of the present current opinion or critical review article is to remark the importance of the prognostic significance of the Central Tumor Size in stages IIB and IIIB cervical cancer, as well as to propose a new FIGO Staging System for Cervical cancer and trying to find out a role for the different therapeutic strategies for those cases.
Guix Teresa, Panichi Marco, Guix Ines, García Iván, Llebaría Carles, Achkar Nicolás, Quinzaños Luis, Sentisi Hamza, Enríquez Jose Luís, Galván Ana, et al.
Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy, Volume 4, pp 038-041; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acst.1001021

Abstract:
Introduction: Serology (antibody) tests for the SARS-CoV-2 have been proposed as an instrument to inform health authorities about immunization during the COVID-19 pandemic. As there is a significant part of the population that may have some degree of immunity, it is of great interest to communicate the immunization results obtained in the first 500 healthcare workers (HCW), patients and relatives tested in a community-based Oncological Center. Materials and methods: Between April 9th, 2020 and May 8th, 2020, a group of healthcare workers (HCW), their families, and general public who had had the COVID-19 or had been in close contact with confirmed cases of COVID-19 were screened for IgG SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. The tests were carried out in a rigorous manner, strictly following the guidelines approved by the Spanish Ministry of Health (Ministerio de Sanidad). Results: The major objective of this study was to determine the proportion of asymptomatic infected individuals and those who had already secreted IgG against SARS-CoV-2 in our cancer treatment center or in the community of Barcelona. Patients were tested with PCR, Rapid diagnostic test (RDT) or enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 521 participants were tested, 206 with RDT and 315 with ELISA, 59 (11,32%) resulted positive to SARS-CoV-2. Conclusion: RDT and ELISA proved to be effective and sensible enough to determine the extent of SARS-CoV-2 immunization in a community-based oncological center. The degree of immunization reached is nowadays far away from what can be considered desirable for a herd immunization.
Panico Vinicius Ja, Simardi Lucila H, Faria Eliney F, Sotelo Rene, Suarez Ruben, Abreu Diego, Meirelles Andre, Schneider Edison, Zampolli Hamilton C,
Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy, Volume 4, pp 019-023; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acst.1001017

Abstract:
Methods: Experimental phase: Performed a partial nephrectomy off clamp in pig model followed by cauterization of lidocaine gel 2% with different power (control, 30W, 50W and 100W) in the kidney resection bed to evaluate efficacy and deep injury extension. Clinical phase: 20 patients submitted to laparoscopic or partial nephrectomy for low risk RENAL score were utilized greased lidocaine gel 2% with 50W in cautery scalpel to hemostasis of renal parenchima to validate efficacy and safety. Results: Experimental study shows that this technique is effective and promote better hemostasis with 50W and 100W, with deep injury of less than 3 mm. Clinical study confirm efficacy, good control of hemorrage, few complications and no transfusion. Minimal changes in hematocrit, haemoglobin and creatinine were observed. Conclusion: In this preliminary experience the use of this new alternative to hemostasis for low risk partial nephrectomy was satisfactory and with good intra and postoperative results. The best advantages were safety in terms of the depth thermal injury, low cost and absence of artifacts over the resection area observed at CT scan postoperatively.
Kalghatgi Shrivardhan R, Khairnar Mahesh R, Dalvi Tanushri
Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy, Volume 4, pp 001-002; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acst.1001012

, Khalid Muhammad Sufian, Ko May Hnin Lwin, Hussein Mohsin, Choong Jia Hui, Rawal-Pangarkar Ameer Omar, Armugam Danaradja, Salama Yahya
Archives of Cancer Science and Therapy, Volume 3, pp 049-051; https://doi.org/10.29328/journal.acst.1001009

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