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Caitlyn McClure
Published: 3 March 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 45-55; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9196

Abstract:
\ The Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) instrument has been in use in some variation for decades with the most recent iteration becoming available in 2009. With twelve years of changes in the workforce plus applications of the ProQOL in novel professional groups, it is critical to determine if the tool is still reliable and valid. Data obtained from specific occupational groups, specifically college resident assistants (RAs) and substance abuse professionals (SAPs), will be utilized to explore if the measure holds up to past research claiming high reliability and validity. It is possible that the RAs (n=358) and the SAPs (n=40) will be outliers from these claims due to their unique positionality in their roles or due to the amount of time that has passed since the last update of the ProQOL.
James Olusola Adameji, Kelechi Reko E. Prof. Okoye
Published: 24 February 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 35-44; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9123

Abstract:
This study determined the availability and utilization of physical facilities as correlates of students’ academic performance in electrical installation and maintenance work practice in technical colleges in Ekiti State. Four research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive survey and correlational research designs was used for the study. Eight hundred and fifty-three (818 students and 35 teachers) of electrical installation in the six government-owned technical colleges in Ekiti State were studied without sampling. The Instruments for data collection included checklist, structured questionnaire and performance test. The reliability of the performance test was determined through split-half technique. Spearman-Brown formula was employed for reliability coefficient computation which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.905. Percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient were used to answer research questions. The t-test statistical tool was used to test the null hypotheses relating to utilization of instructional facilities while Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient was used to test the null hypotheses relating to physical facilities and students’ academic performance. Findings revealed that majority of physical facilities are available for electrical installation and maintenance work practice in technical colleges in technical colleges in Ekiti State. The study also revealed that there is high positive relationship of 0.61 existing between students’ utilization of physical resources and their academic performances in electrical installation and maintenance work practice in technical colleges in Ekiti State. The study concluded that the level of availability and utilization of physical facilities for electrical installation and maintenance work practice in technical colleges in technical colleges in Ekiti State is not adequate for equipping students with practical skills for self-reliance. The study recommended among others that owners of technical colleges in Ekiti State should adequately provide relevant physical facilities for effective teaching of electrical installation and maintenance workshop practices.
Mah Dum
Published: 8 February 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 25-34; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9178

Abstract:
This paper aims to examine the opportunities and challenges of education in the Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0 era in Indonesia. The presence of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in the IR 4.0 era has provided great challenges and opportunities for the Indonesian people, especially in the education sphere. The technological advances in this era have had an impact on the emergence of distance learning and the use of E-Learning (electronic-based learning), which is one form of convenience in learning. It has become imperative for educators to be able to use ICT in learning. However, the negative impacts are changes in values, norms, rules, or moral life, which are contrary to those adopted by the Indonesian nation. These basic values of the nation are expected not to be eroded by the progress of the era. Therefore, the role of education as a place to shape the personality and the nation becomes very urgent.
David S Byrne
Published: 27 January 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 15-24; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9176

Abstract:
This is a long-term follow-up to a prior study which found that simulations enhance knowledge retention of undergraduate students who had participated in a mock crime scene. Employing the qualitative method, three participants from the original research were interviewed 1- to 3-years later and asked a series of questions relating to their coursework on forensic science. Findings revealed that long-term knowledge of the major theories relating to the subject domain remained stable over time. It was only the responses to questions regarding specific terminology that presented a gradual decline which is consistent with the decay of semantic memory. Furthermore, each of the subjects were able to recall exactly when during the mock crime scene that they experienced or solved the interview question posited. The ability to trace back and pinpoint the task that prompted the learning and reinforcement of the concept is aligned with episodical memory. Overall, the results indicated that classroom simulations improve long-term knowledge retention of forensic science students.
Farzan Contractor, Anthony G Shannon
Published: 27 January 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9164

Abstract:
Vocational education and training (VET in Australia, PVET in Europe), as a unified endeavour, has to balance the comparative wealth of the peak universities with the needs of the community and young people for the employabilty that VET can provide. VET needs to promote its scope and strengths collectively and individually, and we analyse some of them. The subtext is that the paper highlights the features of leading institutions on which institutions can model their future development. There is no one unewuivocal model of course, so this paper senitises leaders to salient issues.
Hadr Iana
Published: 27 January 2022
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 18, pp 7-14; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v18i.9171

Abstract:
By the end of 2021, it has been almost two years that schools in various parts of the world have not been able to carry out face-to-face learning activities due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In this situation, online learning is considered to be the best solution so that learning activities can continue. However, the continuous implementation of online learning for a long time has resulted in learning loss – the condition of decreasing students' abilities and skills in cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects. To prevent the exacerbation of learning loss conditions, educators must continue working together to innovate in utilizing technology in learning activities. The use of digital technology is useful to control the implementation of learning and education management, especially after the emergence of COVID-19. That way technology becomes the most important part in helping the online learning process.
Valentina Vaxevani, Tagarakis A. Ioannis, Tsokali Fani, Daskalopoulos Marios, Papamitsou Theodora
Published: 31 December 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 172-177; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9152

Abstract:
Aim.: Τo investigate the Mobbing phenomenon in the workplace, Material And Methods: We investigated the Mobbing by reviewing previous international research over mobbing. The research material was accumulated after thoroughly examining former studies and reviewing the existing literature, as it was found in the bibliography, data bases, academic libraries, academic journals and the internet. Results: Through the research we tried to define this phenomenon and at the same time to study it in the workplace. Finally, we conducted a literature review from previous research in order to investigate this phenomenon and its factors. Conclusions: The current study has concluded that mobbing sadly negatively affects the recipient by creating both direct and indirect effects on various aspects of his daily life, one of which is the workplace.
Ritchelee B. Alugar
Published: 10 December 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 159-171; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9143

Abstract:
The continued service at the frontline of educational delivery in the time of COVID19 pandemic situates teachers to susceptibility that is no less critical. This study aimed to tell the experiences of teachers who were in the throes of COVID-19 disease and have recovered, through the narration of their personal stories. Narrative Inquiry was employed and facilitated by the use research interviews and written accounts of 4 teacher-survivors. Using Narrative Thematic approach in data analysis, themes were developed and were formatted in a literary chronological sense of the pre, during and post COVID19 stages of their journey to tell a cohesive narrative story. The plot started with Skepticisms and disbelief that describe the pre-COVID stage. Guilt, Anxiety and Shame; Fraud Information and Disclosure; Stigmas and Discrimination; and experiences pertaining to Temporality and Place; to their Being a Teacher; and to Relationship and Sociality, capture their During-COVID19 stage. The common accounts of Lessons and New Beginnings articulate the Post-COVID19 Stage. Recommendations to help advance the public’s understanding of the experiences of these teacher-survivors were also explicated.
Ayman Ibrahim Yusuf Rayan
Published: 15 November 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 144-158; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9108

Abstract:
This research tackles the subject of the indication of antonyms and its impact on the exegesis of al-Samin in both his books “al-Durr al-Masun” (Preserved Pearls) and “‘Umdat al-Hufaz” (Reliance of the memorize-rs). In this research, I have combined between the language and tafsir (exegesis) and clarified the efforts exerted by al-Samin in serving the interpretation of the Quran. Moreover, I have introduced his great contribution to linguistic research and compiled the conclusions he has reached in both his books (al-Durr) and (al-’Umda) on antonyms. I have organized his ideas, studied his tangible effects in his exegesis of the holy Quran in addition to methodologically establishing the role of the language being one of the tools in the past and contemporary exegesis of the holy Quran and clarified its multiple indications and various manners. I was also keen in highlighting the importance of the indication of antonyms and the extent of its impact on interpreting the noble Quran. Moreover, I have studied the points of contention among the scholars and exegists on the meaning of the Quranic statement and clarified the importance of the Quranic context in determining the exact meaning of the vocabularies and structures. Furthermore, I have highlighted the close connection between the developed indication of words and the intended meaning in the Quranic verse.
Agnieszka Bożek
Published: 25 October 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 122-143; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9113

Abstract:
The study’s first goal was to explore and analyze ‘beyond-duties engagement’ (employee engagement that exceeds basic professional duties) within the assistance and creative professions. The second goal was to explore relationships of daily beyond-duties engagement with autonomy in action, feedback from others, positive affect and subjective assessment of one's competences. Each participant completed a daily diary for 5-6 days, and data were obtained from 64 employees, aged 21-61 (M = 38.91, SD = 8.99), from each profession. Qualitative sorting of beyond-duties engagement yielded twelve categories with forty subcategories. Hierarchical linear modelling demonstrated a positive relationship between feedback from others and subjective assessment of one's competences with enhanced beyond-duties engagement. A mediation role of positive affect was also observed. When considered within the relevant organizational context, these findings may help predict how an employee, from a given profession, is likely to respond to specific, positive stimuli at work.
Hadjicharalambous Demetris, Loucia Demetriou, Koulla Erotocritou
Published: 15 September 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 110-121; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9112

Abstract:
The onset of the infectious disease Covid19 originating in Wuhan, China, took over the world in December 2019 and was declared a pandemic in January 2020. Empirical evidence resulting from relevant research illustrated that the effects of the pandemic itself but also of the strict measures to contain the spread of the virus on the mental health and well-being of affected populations were just as unanticipated as the pandemic itself. Data led to the identification of six idioms of distress: (1) Demoralization and pessimism towards the future, (2) anguish and stress, (3) self-depreciation, (4) social withdrawal and isolation, (5) somatization, (6) withdrawal into oneself. Our research explores the psychological impact of the Covid19 pandemic on college students and their quality of life. The study took place in Cyprus with 356 young participants, whereas 256 were female (72%) and 100 were male (28%). They all completed the General Health Questionnaire-28 and the Life Satisfaction Inventory (LSI). The present study's findings revealed that six factors, including residence without family, the deterioration of the financial situation of the family, the loss of employment, the deterioration of social relationships, young age, and gender, have significantly affected in a negative way the mental health and quality of life of young people. Research findings revealed that the strict lockdown and physical/social isolation measures had a significant adverse effect on our sample, whereas participants showed increased symptoms of anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, and somatization. Young adults who lost their jobs during the pandemic or had a significant decrease in their family income, and students who stayed away from their families, experienced a negative impact on their quality of life and had to cope with more mental health problems.
Nora Isela Macías Núñez, Aurora Moyano González, Victor Ibarra, José Armando Peña-Moreno, Martha Esthela Calderon Parga
Published: 30 July 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 100-109; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9084

Abstract:
The problems that arise in society, in relation to health affect workers to some extent, this is the case of the COVID -19 pandemic, which has somehow affected organizations in general, such as: in their profits, in the reduction of personnel, in adapting new forms of work if required, and in activating health protocols to avoid the spread of it in its workers, this health situation that is present worldwide has had a great impact on people from the psychological aspect, it is for this the interest to carry out this research, with the purpose of knowing the perception of the workers of different organizations in this pandemic situation, that is to say, how it has affected them in relation to stress and therefore their general health, the instruments applied were: Perceived Stress Scale (10 items) and the Golberg General Health Questionnaire. The results of this work gave us a Coronbach alpha of α = .85 of reliability which indicates that this study is reliable, likewise 60% of the population report that they have felt stress due to COVID-19, as well as 42% of the population state that they have perceived factors or symptoms that affect their mental health to some degree.
Natiq Saeed Ghayyib
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 73-77; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9018

Abstract:
The study is an attempt to investigate the four acquisition skills in fifth-primary pupils of Iraqi Kurdistan in reading from the teachers' viewpoints. The sample of the study selected were (12) primary schools in Sulaimaniyah province in Iraq and its suburbs as parts of Sulaimaniyah Education Directorate in terms of (6) schools for male and (6) schools for female. Then, a questionnaire of (20) items was designed. The study aims at determining the four acquisition language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) of Iraqi Kurdistan students for the fifth-primary-school pupils in reading subject from the teachers' viewpoint and, then, arranging the skill according to its importance. The findings of the study proves that there is an influential factor that is the Glorious Quran , as they have sort of acquaintance on the Arabic language through reading and listening to the Glorious Quran.
Paul Karel Triegaardt, Elthea van Diermen
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 78-90; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.8796

Abstract:
Parental involvement plays a very important role in the development of a child's formal education. Even though there are many benefits of parental involvement, there are many factors that constrain parental involvement. This study explored various management strategies that might serve as guidelines to improve parental involvement in Southern Tshwane primary schools. The conceptual framework that informed this study was Factors that Determine School Effectiveness by Heneveld and Craig as well as Epstein's theory of overlapping spheres and her typology on parental involvement that served as the theoretical framework for this study. A qualitative research approach was the method used for this study, as it allowed the researcher to conduct in-depth interviews with six principals in Southern Tshwane primary schools. An extensive literature study and relevant documents were also examined to collect rich and comprehensive information. The research indicates that most schools comprehend the importance of parental involvement, yet lack structured implementation frameworks for parental involvement. The study recommends that schools need to plan, manage and implement a parental involvement programme according to the unique circumstances of the school.
Paul Karel Triegaardt, Veronica Mapaseka Monamoledi
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 91-99; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.8608

Abstract:
The South African Schools Act No.84 of 1996 obliges parents to bring their children to school from the first day of their schooling. This means that the legislation gives parents the right to be fully involved in their children’s education for better academic achievement. This study examined parental involvement in raising Grade 12 achievement in South African rural schools. A qualitative study was done at three secondary schools in the Mkhuhlu circuit in the Bohlabela region of the Mpumalanga Province. Data were collected in the form of interviews from the principal, teachers, parents and Grade 12 learners at each of the three schools. The study found that at all three schools, parents were not aware of their importance to motivate learners to learn, the need to attend school regularly and the development of their own literacy skills to raise the results in Grade 12. Therefore, the study recommends that parents must be empowered by both teachers and principals in order for them to be able to execute their roles effectively.
Vu Tuan Anh, Tran Ngoc Khanh Linh
Published: 29 April 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 41-54; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9013

Abstract:
Most studies on the effect of the role of institutional quality on the relationship between foreign investment and economic growth have been carried out in Western countries. Very few studies on the above-mentioned relationships have been done in Asian countries during. This paper will be conducted in Asian countries using the following three models: Pooled OLS, Fixed effect model, and Random effect model. This paper uses secondary data from 10 Asian countries from 2011 to 2018. The empirical results show that (1): FDI has a positive effect on the economies of the countries. Asia between 2002 and 2018 (2) The quality of the state strengthens the impact of FDI on the economies of Asian countries between 2011 and 2018. These findings imply that if improving the quality of institutions, the state will attract more FDI and economic development The research paper is based on the scientific approach of quantitative methods to solve the problems posed, practical and effective service for the completion of the research purpose. The secondary data collected from the worldbank.org to create asymmetric data tables will be processed on STATA software.
Bolu John Folayan, Olubunmi Ajibade, Olubunmi Dipo Adedoyin, Toyin Segun Onayinka, Toluwani Titilola Folayan
Published: 29 April 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 61-72; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9015

Abstract:
The mass media play at least five basic functions which include news dissemination, surveillance of the environment, correlation of the components of the society, entertainment and transmission of social heritage. Sometimes, disruptions and impairments do occur in the performance of these roles and some of these basic functions become dysfunctions, which turn the media into purveyor of negative values. The present study investigates how popular the Nigerian TV reality show, Big Brother Naija (BBN), is perceived by its viewers. Three hundred heavy viewers of the programme were surveyed from Lagos and Ede, South-West Nigeria, and their opinions and attitudes were sought regarding; why they like or dislike the programme; the gratifications that those who like the programme derive and whether the BBN, as media content, is generally functional or dysfunctional to the society. Sixty-six per cent 66 (33.7%) of respondents like the programme because it entertains. Half of the respondents, 99(50.5%) dislike ‘immoral aspects’ of the programme. The viewers affirm that the eviction part of the programme was their highest form of gratification. Most respondents, despite public outcry against the programme, consider the programme to be “functional”. Findings reinforce the postulation that TV viewers are not passive consumers of media contents.
Published: 29 April 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 55-60; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.9011

Abstract:
Recognizing and evaluating effective and principal factors that have been affected by academicians' feelings and satisfaction are imperative. This cross-sectional study aims to examine coworker's influence, pay, promotion, supervision, and work on academicians' job satisfaction at university. Job Descriptive Index (JDI) measured these factors, which comprised 72 items and proposed by Brodke et al. (2009) amongst 440 academicians who worked in public research universities in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Descriptive Statistics analyzed the achieved data. This study has illustrated that most academicians revealed a high level of satisfaction toward their pay, coworker, promotion, supervision, and work; their universities support them regarding the main factors of work and organizational structure. Based on these consequences, the universities and any other academic institutes have to the consciousness of these five main factors to improve and enhance academicians job satisfaction, leading to high outcomes and performance at the workplace.
Bolu John Folayan, Olumide Samuel Ogunjobi, Prosper Zannu, Taiwo Ajibolu Balofin
Published: 8 April 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 30-40; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.8993

Abstract:
In public relations and political communication, a spin is a form of propaganda achieved through knowingly presenting a biased interpretation of an event or issues. It is also the act of presenting narratives to influence public opinion about events, people or and ideas. In war time, various forms of spins are employed by antagonists to wear out the opponents and push their brigades to victory. During the Nigerian civil war, quite a number of these spins were dominant – for example GOWON (Go On With One Nigeria); “On Aburi We Stand”, “O Le Ku Ija Ore”. Post-war years presented different spins and fifty years after the war, different spins continue to push emerging narratives (e.g. “marginalization”, “restructuring”). This paper investigates and analyzes the different propaganda techniques and spins in the narratives of the Nigerian civil in the past five years through a content analysis of three national newspapers: The Nigerian Tribune, Daily Trust and Sun Newspapers. Findings confirm that propaganda and spins are not limited to war time, but are actively deployed in peace time. This development places additional challenge on journalists to uphold the canons of balance, truth and fairness in reporting sensitive national issues. The authors extend postulations that propaganda techniques, generally considered to be limited to war situations, are increasingly being used in post-war situations. Specifically, they highlight that journalists are becoming more susceptible to propaganda spins and this could affect the level of their compliance to the ethics of journalism.
Theresa T. Corker, Lori Kupczynski, Shannon L. Groff
Published: 22 March 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 10-29; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.8983

Abstract:
Institutions of higher learning struggle to supply enough Registered Nursing Professionals to meet demands in today’s healthcare environment. Hundreds of thousands of students are accepted into nursing programs each year, though many fall short of program completion. High attrition and low retention in registered nursing programs is a problem. The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate attrition and retention of registered nursing students over a four-year period at a Technical College in Georgia to determine factors impacting successful completion of the Associate of Science in Nursing Program (ASN). It further proposed to identify possible solutions to reduce attrition among nursing students. This study analyzed nursing student and nursing faculty perceptions on the causes of high attrition and low retention and perceived solutions to attrition rates. This study provides insight in the development of steps to decrease attrition in registered nursing programs, and other higher education programs of study.
Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj Gurusamy
Published: 28 February 2021
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 17, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v17i.8970

Abstract:
Project -based learning (PBL) is a student-centered teaching approach that organizes learning around projects. It increases students’ motivation to learn and prepares them for the 21st century classroom demands through developing real-world experience. The purpose of this study is to explore the benefits of project-based learning on students’ in a Malaysian secondary school. This is a qualitative case study. The sample consists of 3 teachers’ from a secondary school in Malaysia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants. The collected data were coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. The study revealed that the participants perceived PBL as a beneficial teaching approach that has the potential to increase student-teachers’ engagement and help them understand more deeply the subject content through self-learning and learning by doing. The advantages of using PBL discussed by the participants were improved lecturer-student and student-lecturer relationships, skill development and real-world practice. The results of this research show that student-teachers’ understand PBL from both positive and negative perspectives. It is considered that findings of this study would improve students-teachers’ motivation and equip them with the necessary skills to successfully implement PBL.
Arkady Martynov
Published: 12 December 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 126-139; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8910

Abstract:
The paper concerns the fundamental issues of the sustainable social progress. As follows from the argumentation, a realistic design of institutional changes in connection with resource and organizational changes needed for sustainable progress is called for to realize in the line of overall social system transformation. This approach presupposes an exhaustive study of interconnected transformations in the main societal fields as system processes considering the influence of relatively exogenous factors (technological, demographic and climate changes). In turn, it is advisable, taking in view current world challenges, to expose an idea of ​​universal sustainability, the property of which is inherent in all social practices, and not just mediating the relationship between society and its environment. The first result of study concludes in revealing the fundamentals of overall social system sustainability. The second result: the transition to sustainable transformation of society supposes the synergetic implementation of structure-forming system and policy-driven shifts.
Susi Hardjati, Ananta Prathama, Kalvin Edo Wahyudi
Published: 19 October 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 93-98; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8878

Abstract:
Batik is one of the nation's great cultural heritage. Each region also has batik art. The city of Surabaya also has a unique batik culture, one of which is Semanggi batik. It is hoped that the batik business will encourage opportunities for people's economic strength and competitiveness. But in fact, the competitiveness of Semanggi batik products is low. This study aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses (internal environmental conditions) and to identify opportunities and threats (external conditions) of the semanggi batik craftsmen group as the basis for formulating strategies to improve competitiveness. The study used a qualitative approach with data collection techniques, focus group discussion (FGD), semi-structured interviews, observation, and document collection. Informants are determined using purposive. The data analysis uses interactive models and SWOT analysis. The results showed that the internal conditions that support the floating strength of semanggi batik include distinctive iconic motifs that distinguish them from other batik and batik coloring using organic materials. Opportunities that arise are export opportunities, city government support, support from other elements of society, and online marketing opportunities. While the existing weaknesses include the number of artisans, low digital-based marketing capabilities, batik motifs that have not been registered as intellectual property rights, limited production, and marketing volume, low capital. The threats that arise are the emergence of competitors and expensive production costs that affect the selling price of batik. The map of the internal and external conditions of the semanggi batik craftsmen is handy as a material for formulating strategy formulations in empowering semanggi batik artisans
Chayan Adak, Bijoy Krishna Panda
Published: 19 October 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 99-107; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8863

Abstract:
Listening is the key to all effective communication. Good listening ability helps a person to make ideas, processing information, making pertinent comments, and ask relevant questions. This study aimed to understand existing listening skills among the socially disadvantaged students based on different demographic indicators and check whether listening skill and academic performance are somehow related when both the category of students are considered in higher education in West Bengal. Undergraduate freshman students of college and universities at West Bengal consisted of the population for the study where 225 students who regularly attended the course after successful completion of the higher secondary level selected as sample. Major findings revealed that the gender, stream, and medium of instruction has a significant contribution in a variation of listening skill (p
Adriana Pakendek, Anni Puji Astutik
Published: 19 October 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 84-92; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8882

Abstract:
This study's purpose is to reveal and determine the implementation model of the distribution of marital property after divorce from the perspective of Madurese local wisdom. This research uses the empirical juridical method; according to Ronny Hanitijo Soemitro, a law that is empirically a symptom of society, on the other hand, can be studied as a variable (independent variable) which causes consequences on various aspects of social life. In social studies, the law is not conceptualized as an independent (autonomous) normative phenomenon, but as social institutions which are associated in real terms with other social variables. The results of this study are: a model for the implementation of post-divorce marital property distribution in the perspective of Madurese local wisdom, with the wisdom of distributing marital assets after divorce by distributing them into several models or forms as follows: (1) following the distribution model according to the positive legal arrangement of Indonesia, namely what is regulated in state law and is decided by the Religious Court, that the distribution of marital assets, namely widows or divorced widowers, each has the right to a half of the marital assets as long as it is not stipulated otherwise in other agreements in marriage. Meanwhile, based on the Article 37 of Law Number 1 the Year 1974 concerning the marriage, if the marriage breaks up due to divorce, marital assets is regulated according to their respective laws. Meanwhile, according to the Civil Code (KUH Perdita), Article 128, after the dissolution of marital assets, their marital assets are divided between husband and wife, or between their heirs, without question of which party the goods originated from. (2) the post-divorce model of the distribution of marital assets in the perspective of Madurese local wisdom is based on the wisdom of each individual soul or soul of a divorced husband and wife. The wisdom of each of these minds or souls is partly rooted in the Madurese community, which in this paper is called wisdom. As part of local wisdom in Madura, the distribution of marital assets is carried out by means of mediation (abeq remember) attended by community leaders.
Chandralatha Subasinghe Menike Lakse Mudiyanselage
Published: 9 November 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 108-125; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8904

Abstract:
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of social capital on the performance of Small Enterprises (SEs) in an emerging economy, Sri Lanka. The study adopts a survey design and cross-sectional data collected by administering 200 questionnaires conducting face to face interviews. The social capital was measured by three dimensions namely, structural, relational, and conative social capital. The data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling. The results show that structural and cognitive social capital had a positive significant impact on the performance of SEs while relational social capital had demonstrated a negative statistically significant impact on the performance of SEs. This implies that the managers of SEs emphasize the social capital as a means to a source of finance and resources and access to business and market information by maintaining close ties with the stakeholders to achieve a competitive advantage. The findings will be useful for the owners/managers of SEs who should share their knowledge, opportunities, and resources with their suppliers, customers as well as employees of the organization such that they should try to share their goals and achieve success together with parties who are related and interested in the business.
Nattanyanob Suksai
Published: 9 October 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 77-83; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8857

Abstract:
This article aims to explain the migration factors of the foreign population in Thailand. The migration concepts and the approach of studying the foreign population in the present Thai society found that the migration factors consisted of the need for economic security, life, good quality of life for oneself and one's own family, marriage with a foreign spouse, leisure travel, safety in life and property, seeking business opportunities, access to property and property owners, changing lifestyle, and extending savings for investment funds. As for the guidelines for studying the foreign population, there are three frameworks to consider, which include: (1) the origin, (2) the way to the destination, and (3) the destination. The origin is the study of migration decisions, factors, and objectives. The way to the destination considers the travel process, facilitating travel according to the legal system of the origin country, and labor export policies. Finally, the destination is the study of personal and official networks, relational and contact mechanisms of the community, and lifestyle of the people in the community, including the local impact of the destination country.
George N. Mose, Joseph Abuga Orayo
Published: 17 September 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 62-76; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8855

Abstract:
Promotion of maternal healthcare services through the expansion of health insurance coverage has been a core strategy that has been adopted in the reduction of maternal and child mortalities in Kenya. In this study, we seek to establish how health insurance coverage and benefits influence the demand for maternal health utilization in private hospitals in Kenya. The study utilized the latest Kenya Demographic Household Survey 2014 data to estimate the relationship. The binary probit regression model was employed in estimation. From the findings, only 15 percent of mothers were enrolled in a health insurance plan, whereas 14 percent of the women reported to have attended antenatal clinics in private health facilities, and 13 percent benefited from skilled delivery in private healthcare facilities. Results further revealed that health insurance ownership led to a significant increase in the likelihood of utilizing maternal health care services in private hospitals in Kenya. Similarly, age of the mother, marital status, birth order, higher education level, all wealth index categories, and employment status were cofactors associated significantly with use of healthcare services. It was concluded that the advent and increase of health insurance coverage is associated with a significant rise in demand of maternal healthcare services in private hospitals. This study argues that the current health subsidies would be more effective if they were channeled through health insurance with wider coverage of private hospitals. The study recommends reforms in policies and guidelines governing insurance coverage, which we argue would significantly bring down the cost of insurance coverage, thus become more accessible to more Kenyans.
Taofik Olatunji Bankole, Glory Urhere
Published: 17 September 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 47-61; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8851

Abstract:
Study Aim: To validate the recent upsurge in COVID-19 incidence and related fatalities in a retrospective to the state of the healthcare delivery system and delayed in response to the pandemic in Nigeria. Methods: The quantitative cross-sectional times series method was adopted. COVID-19 Data for Nigeria were extracted for reported cases and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications from the WHO COVID-19 situational data bank between March 15 and July 15, 2020. The incidence and fatality growth rates were generated at intervals for four months. Data were analyzed with the Stata version 15. Results: Findings showed that the recent upsurge in COVID-19 accounted for 99.2%, 98.9%, 98.5%, 99.8%, 99.2%, 99.8%, and 97.3% complications that led to the death of infected patients in the Northcentral, Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southsouth. Southwest and the FCT. The results showed that there was a strong uphill linear (r = 0.991) and a significant association between COVID-19 incidence and fatalities arising from COVID-19 complications in Nigeria (ß = 0.022; t = 30.2; p
Isaac Addai
Published: 16 July 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 41-46; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8762

Abstract:
The Agenda 2063 framework document is the basis for Africa’s long term socio-economic and integrative transformation. It has a list of 12 flagship projects and programs that have to be implemented within the first ten year period of 2014 - 2023. The paper explores the correlation between the awareness of Ghanaians and the monitoring of the African Union Commission Agenda 2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects and established a negative product-moment linear correlation coefficient which statistically established that Ghanaians are not aware of and do not monitor the Agenda2063 first ten-year flagship programs and projects.
Anne Rusiana, Jamal Wiwoho, Adi Sulistiyono
Published: 10 July 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8787

Abstract:
This research studies the legal status of a material guarantee for the bankruptcy process of Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to find out the legal status of whether the material guarantee that has been declared bankrupt by the appraisal because of not fulfill of repayment of the debtor to the creditor can be transferred on non-bankruptcy status? Moreover, what is the creditor's execution rights to the debtor's material guarantee? This research uses a normative legal research method, namely: legal research that is done with the purpose of discovering the principles and philosophical base (dogma or doctrine) of positive law, and the research of legal discovery efforts in concreto that is suitable to be implemented to solve a particular legal case. The result of this research is that material guarantees that have been determined as Bankruptcy cannot be transferred to their status when they are sold with a non-bankrupt status before a written decision by the judge justified the status. This shows obedience to the principles of legality and legal certainty, that selling the bankrupt assets with the status of (non-bankrupt assets) cannot be justified according to the law. If the curator still continues to sell the bankrupt assets, that process is illegal, including the execution of the selling according to the law. When it was being declared of bankrupt the total value of the material guarantee is assessed by the appraisal to be sufficient for paying all debts to the creditor, then it became the guarantee of repayment of the debtor, but if the value of the material guarantee valued by the appraisal is smaller than the debt, then there must be a reassessment in order to make justice for debtors and creditors. Mortgage-holding creditors, fiduciary guarantees, mortgage rights, mortgages, or other collateral rights, can execute their rights as if Bankruptcy did not occur, but there are several receivables that must be matched before executing their separatist rights.
A. Ranjithkumar
Published: 10 July 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 13-32; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8765

Abstract:
The scheduled caste population is being deprived segment of the population. It is necessary to see its progress in terms of demographic and socio-economic conditions to improve it with the help of existing and innovative programs available with the government and the voluntary organizations so that social and economic equality efforts could be made possible. The percentage of scheduled caste population and the other demographic characteristics such as sex ratio, literacy rate, and work participation rate of Tamil Nadu seem to be desirably high as compared to the national averages of the same. It is found that among 32 districts of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvalluvar district tops with 34 % of scheduled caste population, Tirunelveli tops in sex ratio in total and rural areas, Kanniyakumari tops in literacy rate in total, rural, urban among both males and females, Tiruppur tops in work participation rate both rural and urban areas and more or less among both males and females. Karur district has more male-female differences and Coimbatore district has more urban-rural differences in literacy rate. Chennai district accounts for more male-female differences and Kanniyakumari accounts for the more urban-rural difference in the work participation rate. It may be suggested that the District, which has more proportion of scheduled caste population with low sex ratio both in total and child populations and high gender and residential differences in literacy rate and works participation rate may be more concentrated with suitable awareness and reformative social welfare measures.
Adam Stefanile
Published: 10 July 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 16, pp 33-40; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v16i.8789

Abstract:
In 2020, millions of students, educators, and academic faculty (and others in the world of government, business, etc. worldwide) became aware of greater emphasis for distance teaching and learning (DTL) and communication, especially given the demands being made due to the COVID-19 pandemic. More particularly, some innovative technologies have especially been designed to bring a new coherence to the integral intersection of the teaching and learning dimensions of education, especially when focused on student-centered teaching and learning. While there may have been a grace period for educators to adjust to this paradigm shift, the online educational resources and interactive platforms for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have made more immediate applications possible, especially given the challenges of teaching during a pandemic. The availability of technology in all academic settings, particularly STEM, has enabled educators to implement a range of diverse pedagogical approaches to engage their students more effectively in STEM learning. However, some educators lack the pedagogical skills and/or strategies needed to effectively transition to virtual/teaching online STEM topics and/or classes. The purpose of this article is to highlight the effectiveness of DTL learning by utilizing interactive websites and effectively integrating them into STEM classrooms.
Oba Dominique
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 191-203; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8720

Abstract:
Since the XXth century, and especially after the Second World War, particular attention was given to the status of women who for many years was overs had owed. These different events led policy makers at the international level as well as in different countries of the world to make courageous decisions globally in favor of women globally. These decisions have enabled women to take flight both by integrating socially themselves and by taking beneficial actions that could contribute to the economic and social development of their respective countries. On the economic level in particular, Congolese women exercise many activities related to their own initiative or to collective action, these different activities contribute to the economic development of the Republic of Congo. In the economic field, the man alone cannot ensure the development of the country, the Congolese woman also contributes to this development.
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 185-190; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8750

Abstract:
Uncommon events during different decades and centuries create several challenges in the human lifestyle. Truthfully, individuals with any circumstances that have been occurred throughout their life illustrate various reactions and behaviours. In some cases, they report some issues such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) that is related to mental health which affected by any type of natural disasters, sickness, close relative dead, war, etc. At present, one of the crucial pandemic disasters caused by worldwide disease and death rates amongst individuals is Coronavirus (Covid-19) that has been spread enormous worries and anxiety in every society and country. The majority of individuals experienced this disaster and some of them demonstrate dissimilar types of anxiety and PTSD. The current literature review attempts to clarify the relation between Coronavirus (COVID-19) and PTSD based on the most recent investigations and reports, then link them to the role of Emotional Intelligence in reducing diverse unusual stress and severe nervousness such as PTSD that is the consequence of Coronavirus (COVID-19).
Dan Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Anh Vu
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 176-184; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8745

Abstract:
This research concentrates on the determinants of the profitability of the Vietnamese Commercial Banks. Both internal and external variables regarding the profitability of commercial bank sector will be focused in the analysis. Data over the period of 2013 to 2018 for 29 Vietnamese Commercial Banks[i] is obtained from via Stock Exchange or media. Fixed effect panel model are used to analyze the determinants of the profitability. By using this, we ensure for the effectiveness of the test result in terms of hypothesis along with size in order to get consistent results. The research is based on the scientific approach of quantitative methods to solve the problems posed, practical and effective service for the completion of the research purpose. The secondary data collected from the worldbank.org, vietdata.vn and annual reports (financial statement, balance sheet, etc.) of Vietnamese commercial banks in the 2013-2018 period to create asymmetric data tables will be processed on STATA software.
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 157-166; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8725

Abstract:
Most academic staff don’t know what exactly makes them satisfy or dissatisfy at university and based on which effective factors they can improve and increase the level of their outcomes. Dissatisfaction occurred amongst academic staff when they don’t receive any basic motivational factors, versa job satisfaction happened when they obtained at least the fundamental facilities and considered via workplace (managers, leaders, and supervisors). There are numerous and effective factors that change attitudes and feelings of academic staff toward the job, likewise, change level of their outcomes; furthermore, recognizing these effective factors that rise level of job satisfaction among these group of staff; similarly, analyzing this factor as one of the important organizational factors in the context of Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory determined as main objective of this literature review. Overall, in this research endeavors to finding brilliant points and motivational factors that influence job satisfaction and clarifies them in an educational situation such as the university.
Badar Alanazi
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 167-175; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8729

Abstract:
The purpose of corporate governance codes is to ensure that directors do not abuse their power to the disadvantage of the company’s shareholders or creditors, while at the same time affording them enough freedom to allow the company to operate in a competitive way and generate profits. This article evaluates the UK Corporate Governance Code and the Australian Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations in order to ascertain the extent to which they strike an appropriate balance between preventing abuses of power by the board while affording them sufficient freedom to pursue innovation and entrepreneurship. The article concludes that the codes in both countries propose advanced approaches to corporate governance which to a significant extent protect the interests of the shareholders while encouraging board members to pursue innovation and entrepreneurship in a safe manner, through the adoption of appropriate risk management measures.
Published: 19 April 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 136-153; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8604

Abstract:
The paper focused on a specific research group (male teachers); firstly because of the shortage of male teachers in South African schools, and secondly, because male teachers are more dissatisfied in their overall work environment than female teachers. This study aimed to investigate, from an educational management perspective, the factors that influence job satisfaction amongst male teachers in schools in a sampled school district in Mpumalanga province. Throughout the study, it became apparent that male teachers are more likely to leave the South African education system than their female counterparts. A quantitative research approach was used to investigate factors affecting job satisfaction amongst male teachers distributing Likert-scale questionnaires amongst male teachers in selected schools in the district. The results of the study provide an outline of the crises that teachers in South Africa schools are facing, while the statistics and information portrayed in this study help to paint a picture of their work environment. A shortage of teachers, increasing learner enrolment and work overload are enough to create a highly stressful profession. Aspects identified as factors that affect job satisfaction amongst male teachers are the professional development of teachers, capacity building of teachers through collaboration and teamwork, effective support systems to teachers by management, workload of teachers, effective leadership of the principal, effective management of learner behaviour, positive work experiences by teachers, emotional distress of teachers and positive feelings towards teaching as a profession.
Ope Omodanisi, A. J Egwakhe, O. E Ajike
Published: 19 April 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 127-135; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8709

Abstract:
The manuscript should contain an The abstract should be self-contained, citation-free, and should not exceed 200 words. An abstract is a summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript or typescript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper or patent application. Abstracting and indexing services for various academic disciplines are aimed at compiling a body of literature for that particular subject.
, Rahmat Syah, Gun Arto
Published: 30 March 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 115-126; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8624

Abstract:
Employers have an interest in increasing the productivity of their business performance, whereas workers have an interest in obtaining wages, rewards, or incentives from carrying out work. Employee relations with employers often occur disputes that end in Termination of Employment (layoff). The implementation of layoffs can lead to conflict if one party does not accept the dismissal decision. The settlement of the industrial relations dispute is generally settled using Law No. 13 of 2003 concerning Employment. But, in this law, there are still many weaknesses that can be distorted by and overlapping causes legal uncertainty inferred from Article 156 Paragraph (1). The purpose of this study is to carry out reconstruction in Article 156 Paragraph (1) to fulfill the element of justice for workers. This study uses empirical juridical approach method related to the granting of workers' rights due to layoffs. The type of data used in this study includes primary data and secondary data. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive analytics. The results of the study found that giving of workers' severance and rights due to layoffs occurred injustice and disadvantaged the workers as weak party. This injustice can be in the form of non-payment of rights that should be received by workers due to layoff, legal uncertainty, and ambiguity in the judge's decision. Therefore, in order to guarantee legal certainty on the balance of rights and obligations for employers and workers, the legal norms reconstruction in Article 156 Paragraph (1) needs to be emphasized by adding the length of time of the given rights and the reasons for the layoff workers’ rights.
Published: 30 March 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 110-114; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8679

Abstract:
The paper discusses the requirement to develop social management. It specifies the strategic and current intention for social services and emphasises its contribution to improving the quality of professional and managerial activities in this field and the sustainability of efficiency. The study states the major research findings identifying the essential elements of management in the statements of future professionals in social services through the acquisition of important competencies and the overall professionalization of their field.
Hunuwala Malawarage Suranjan Priyanath, Ranatunga Rvspk, Megama Rgn
Published: 19 March 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 102-107; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8670

Abstract:
Basic methods and techniques involved in the determination of minimum sample size at the use of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) in a research project, is one of the crucial problems faced by researchers since there were some controversy among scholars regarding methods and rule-of-thumbs involved in the determination of minimum sample size when applying Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Therefore, this paper attempts to make a review of the methods and rule-of-thumbs involved in the determination of sample size at the use of SEM in order to identify more suitable methods. The paper collected research articles related to the sample size determination for SEM and review the methods and rules-of-thumb employed by different scholars. The study found that a large number of methods and rules-of-thumb have been employed by different scholars. The paper evaluated the surface mechanism and rules-of-thumb of more than twelve previous methods that contained their own advantages and limitations. Finally, the study identified two methods that are more suitable in methodologically and technically which have identified by non-robust scholars who deeply addressed all the aspects of the techniques in the determination of minimum sample size for SEM analysis and thus, the prepare recommends these two methods to rectify the issue of the determination of minimum sample size when using SEM in a research project.
Published: 13 March 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 91-101; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8669

Abstract:
Most of the studies carried out in the field of fertility ignore the lack of knowledge of the fertile period among women of childbearing age, and those that do exist are biomedical in nature, thus leaving the sociodemographic approach on the shelf. In Côte d'Ivoire, 32% of women have a good knowledge of the fertile period against 68% with questionable knowledge. Yet, knowledge of the fertile period is important for birth control and has benefits such as avoiding drug side effects, immediate recovery of fertility and its being free of charge. This study intends to use secondary data from the 2011-2012 EDS-MICS of Côte d'Ivoire to highlight the extent to which the level of unfamiliarity with the fertile period vary among women of childbearing age and investigate related factors. The findings, based on both bivariate descriptive and multiple component factorial analyses, reveal a correlation between lack of knowledge of the fertile period and variables relating to standard of living, place of residence, religion, exposure to the media, marital status, level of education, use of birth control, and the woman's occupation. Therefore, addressing these variables, would not only help control both fertility, and family planning, but also help achieve the demographic dividend.
Chandu Lal Chandakar, Aiping Chen
Published: 6 March 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 73-90; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8269

Abstract:
This exploratory qualitative study based on multiple-case studies collects reviewers’ comments using a ‘vector manuscript’ that carries 5 obvious mistakes for assessment. On the basis of the synthesized guidelines prescribed for the reviewers, these comments are measured and assessed. The assessment of the collected review comments of conferences, international journals, and that of the institutional level (N=126), suggests that the elements of negligence and marketisation have already infused in the academics of review. Those who were more oriented towards money were found to be 6.9 times more threatening in comparison to those who were not money-oriented. In this study, at the institutional level, those accepting gifts from the student before reviewing the paper are coded as asking for money.
Published: 21 February 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 62-72; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8634

Abstract:
Teaching about human rights and freedoms means teaching about human dignity, tolerance between people, acceptance of people as they are, justice, equality, self-control, and self-assertiveness. Not to allow unfairness, deception, injustice, inequality, the humiliation of oneself and others. Tolerance in the school environment includes the acceptance of different views, different behaviors, a different relationship, but also toleration and patience in relation to others. A pupil who is unable to cope with conflicts is unable to adapt to changes and risks his own decline. The main problem is not that there are conflicts between us, but in the way how we respond to them, how we can deal with them, and what we do to prevent them, or what we do to successfully resolve them. Conflicts in the school environment are a natural part of school life, indicating, in particular, the presence of differences. Conflict resolution through school mediation represents the ability to not only perceive, understand but particularly respond to and resolve conflict situations with the help of a third neutral person. School and peer mediation can be a way how to teach pupils to develop strong friendships, even in an environment of diversity and differences; it can be a preparation for inclusive educational system.
Hadriana
Published: 14 February 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 34-46; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8643

Abstract:
Many studies have delved into the connection between self-efficacy and language anxiety. However, the findings are somewhat inconsistent: self-efficacy has either positive, negative or no relationship at all with language anxiety. Therefore, this research aims to examine the relationship between students’ self-efficacy and language anxiety in learning speaking in EFL classroom. The subjects of this study were second-year English Department students at the University of Riau, Indonesia taking Speaking subject (N = 40). Data on their self-efficacy and language anxiety were collected through the questionnaire. The data analysis results reveal that the students have very good self-efficacy in speaking. They also show a moderate level of anxiety. However, statistical analysis reveals that there is no relationship between the two variables. Despite the limited number of participant, this finding is expected to shed a light on the contribution of self-efficacy and anxiety on learning speaking in EFL context. This finding suggests that although the self-efficacy and anxiety levels were similar with previous studies, there might be different patterns of relationship between these variables depending on the context. This implies that teachers should be aware of this before taking any measure to improve students speaking skills.
Agus Heri Purnomo, Atikah Nurhayati
Published: 14 February 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 47-61; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8640

Abstract:
Illegal Unregulated Unreported (IUU) fishing threatens marine biodiversity and associated economic values. Recognizing this, the Indonesian government exercises a tough anti IUU fishing policy. The policy generates both success stories and failure issues. Biological parameters are better: disappeared species returned, catch per unit effort CPUE increased, fish size becomes larger, fishing trips are shorter. However, data show that the stock utilization is not optimum, fishing discard is high, and fishers’ income remains low. This study is aimed to formulate measures necessary to minimize side effects. Data were collected from selected landing places. It is concluded that the most notable factors causing detrimental side effects are lack of carrier vessels, inadequate cold handling infrastructure, poor processing facilities, and high shipping costs. Among complementary policy options, the most strategic one is integrating the anti IUU fishing policy with the national marine toll program. This paper also suggests that more frequent shipping and larger quota should be allocated by the program for transporting marine products from the production centers to processing, export, and consumer locations.
Anis Mashdurohatun, Lenny Mutiara Ambarita, Gunarto
Published: 25 January 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 27-33; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8527

Abstract:
This research aims to find out the roles and responsibilities of the board of directors in repurchasing shares in limited companies that have not been fair and to reconstruct the roles and responsibilities of the board of directors in repurchasing shares in limited companies based on fair values. This research is a sociolegal research, that is, an alternative approach that tests doctrinal studies of law. The word 'socio' in sociolegal represents the correlation between the context in which the law is located (an interface with a context within which law exists). It was found that the Board of Directors is jointly and severally liable for losses suffered by shareholders in good faith, arising from repurchases that are null and void due to the law. This does not provide fair/balanced legal protection for the parties. The fair values in buying shares are to provide balanced and proportional legal protection. Reconstruction of the roles and responsibilities of the Board of Directors in the repurchase of shares in a limited company based on fair values by carrying out reconstruction of Article 37 paragraph (3) and (5) of Law Number 40 Year 2007 concerning Limited Liability Companies.
Ramesh Sathappan, Premaraj Gurusamy
Published: 14 January 2020
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, Volume 15, pp 11-26; https://doi.org/10.24297/jssr.v15i.8596

Abstract:
This study attempts to explain the importance of curriculum change in Higher Learning Institutions. It’s objectives were to identify the similarities and differences between two institutions of Higher Learning in terms of curriculum structure, teaching process and teachers’ digital skills and also examine whether the curriculum change in their respective training programmes produce better quality teachers in Malaysian schools. A qualitative research incorporating questionnaire, document analysis and interviews was conducted to obtain the results.. The data obtained from the study participants were analyzed qualitatively. The findings of the study reveal that (i) both the Higher Learning Institutions have similarities in prioratizing subject matter, professional standards and practical training (ii) Both of them share the same view that curriculum change has produced better quality teachers. The study concludes by predicting there will be more innovative changes in curriculum designing in the Higher Learning Institutions in future. However, it has recommended more classroom activities for students.
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