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Results in Journal Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research: 4,128

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Wang Cheng Dong
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 8, pp 001-002; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2018.08.001682

Abstract:
Biodiesel is a renewable and clean energy source to reduce carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions.
Heba N Gad El Hak
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 28, pp 21886-21888; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.28.004698

Abstract:
Author Affiliations Department of Zoology, Suez Canal University, Egypt Received: June 24, 2020 | Published: July 08, 2020 Corresponding author: Heba N Gad EL Hak, Department of Zoology, Suez Canal University, Egypt DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.28.004698 The present review attempted to summarize the results of studies that examined the effects of overreaction on cytokines in the body with an emphasis on their effects on popular viruses. In general, most of the studies reviewed suggested beneficial effects of cytokines on the improvement of the immune system by increasing the expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines while reducing the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. The purpose of the present review is to briefly describe the impact of excessive cytokine production in the body, particularly in the context of virus infection. Keywords: Cytokines; Virus Disease; Covid-19; SARS; Immune system
Philippe Crisp
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 24, pp 18368-18370; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.24.004070

Abstract:
Author Affiliations Institute of Sport, University of Chichester, UK Received: December 31, 2019 | Published: January 13, 2020 Corresponding author: Philippe Crisp, Institute of Sport, University of Chichester, Bishop Otter Campus, College Lane, Chichester, UK DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.24.004070 It is not unreasonable to state that sport plays a significant part in modern life. Indeed, sport has now positioned itself as a noteworthy cultural framework that, through professional sport and various international sport competitions, is firmly entrenched in global economic, societal, and political systems [1]. Much of this positioning of contemporary sport revolves around the premise of excellence, within which there continue to be a high number of incidences and stories related to the use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) and performance enhancing drugs (PED) and subsequent bans within performance sport. Examples of these exist since testing procedures, regulations, and policy came into being in the 1980’s (notably with Ben Johnson failing a test at the 1988 Seoul Olympics) and persist to today, with numerous redistributions of medals and placings from the 2008 and 2012 Olympic Games due to more sophisticated testing procedures and the retesting of older samples.
Atefeh Rahimi, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences Department of Physical therapy, Amir Masoud Arab, Mohammad Reza Nourbakhsh, University of North Georgia Department of Physical therapy
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 28, pp 21881-21885; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.28.004697

Abstract:
Author Affiliations 1Department of Physical therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2Department of Physical therapy, University of North Georgia, Dahlonega, USA Received: July 02, 2020 | Published: July 08, 2020 Corresponding author: Atefeh Rahimi, Department of Physical therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.28.004697 Chronic Low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. Previous studies have shown a link between spine and lower limb movement. The link between modified pelvic and lower limb range of motion (ROM) and LBP may vary by gender. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in pelvic and lower limb kinematics during walking in people with chronic low back pain. Participants included 20 individuals with chronic LBP (10 males). Pelvic and lower limb kinematics was tracked using a seven-camera motion capture system. Oneway ANOVA was conducted to compare the range of motion of pelvis, hip, knee and ankle joints during walking between males and females. Male group showed less pelvic (P= 0/02) and ankle (P= 0/03) ROM in sagittal plane compared to female. Additionally, male displayed more ankle ROM in transverse plane (P= 0/01) in comparison with female. Males with LBP displayed less motion in the sagittal plane and more motion in the transverse plane in the dominant limb in comparison with females. Therefore, gender specific design of interventions for pelvic and lower limb should be considered to improve CLBP. Keywords: Kinematics; Low Back Pain; Lower Limb; Pelvic; Walking Abbreviations: CLBP: Chronic Low Back Pain; ROM: Range of Motion; LBP: Low Back Pain; LPSIS: Left Posterior Superior Iliac Spine; RPSIS: Right Posterior Superior Iliac Spine; RASIS: Right Anterior Superior Iliac Spine; LASIS: Left Anterior Superior Iliac Spine; JCS: Joint Coordinate System; SCS: Segmental Coordinate Systems; HS: Heel Strike
Kabelo Mokgalaboni, College of Health Sciences School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences [SLMMS], Moshoeu S Mabusela, Faculty of Health Care Sciences School of Medical Science and Pathology
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 27, pp 20699-20708; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.27.004489

Abstract:
Author Affiliations 1School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences [SLMMS], College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus South Africa 2School of Medical Science and Pathology, Faculty of Health Care Sciences, University of Limpopo, South Africa Received: April 24, 2020 | Published: April 30, 2020 Corresponding author: Kabelo Mokgalaboni, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences [SLMMS], College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4001, Westville Campus South Africa DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.27.004489 Background: Metformin is used as a first-line treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and have a significant impact on the prevention of complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Aim: To evaluate the effect of metformin treatment on vitamin B12 level and associated events in patientsliving with type 2 diabetes mellitus and further evaluate the efficacy of this drug in the prevention ofcardiovascular disease associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: A literature search was conducted on PubMed-Medline database up to the 07 March 2020. Elevenstudies investigating the impact of metformin in type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in final synthesis after critical evaluation. Result: Metformin increases risk of vitamin B12 deficiency OR, 95%CI[2.41 [1.58,3.68], p Conclusion: In this meta-analysis, we conclude that metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associatedwith an increased risk of vitamin B12, stroke, retinopathy, anaemia, neuropathy and myocardialinfarction. Secondly, it prevents cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Keywords: Metformin; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Vitamin B12, Cardiovascular Disease, Neuropathy
Öcal Özgür, Karaaslan Burak, ÇubukHalilŞıvgın State Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Bilkent City Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, ŞENOL Yiğit Can, AkarcaFahire Göknur, Faculty of Medicine Department of Pathology, Yiğit Aksogan, Faculty of Medicine Department of Neurosurgery, Emmez Hakan
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 27, pp 20566-20569; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.27.004464

Abstract:
Author Affiliations 1Department of Neurosurgery,ÇubukHalilŞıvgın State Hospital,Turkey 2Department of Neurosurgery,Ankara Bilkent City Hospital, Turkey 3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey 4Department of Neurosurgery,Faculty of Medicine, Turkey Received: April 11, 2020 | Published: April 23, 2020 Corresponding author: Öcal Özgür, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara Bilkent City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.27.004464 Background: Spinal angiolipomas are rare and benign tumors which are composed of mature adipose tissue and blood vessels. Thoracic epidural region is the most common location of spinal angiolipomas. Clinical Description: A 51-year-old female presented with chronical back pain for 1 year. There was no pregnancy, trauma or another pathological history. Lumbar stabilization was performed at another hospital for spondylolisthesis. After 2 months of operation, the patient suffered from acute onset paraplegia. Radiological examination referred that extradural lesion located at T6-T9 level which was causing severe spinal cord compression. T7-T8 hemilaminectomy performed without disruption of the facet joint. And extradural adipose-like tumor was removed totally. Motor improvement achieved immediately after operation. And complete neurological recovery achieved at post-operative 48 hours. Conclusion: Hemodynamic or adipose tissue alterations may trigger acute neurological deterioration at the spinal angiolipomas. In our case patient had a weight gain history after first operation. MRI is essential diagnostic tool for these lesions. Surgical treatment for spinal angiolipomas has good outcomes even in subtotal resection and/or at the complete paraplegia. Keywords: Spinal Angiolipoma; Spinal Extradural Tumor; Paraplegia
Oliver Ag Kemp, Sujata Pillai, Srihari Deepak
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 26, pp 20261-20264; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.26.004406

Abstract:
Author Affiliations 1Department of Plastic Surgery, Royal London Hospital, UK 2Department of Neurosurgery, Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK Received: March 17, 2020 | Published: March 30, 2020 Corresponding author: Oliver AG Kemp, Department of Neurosurgery, Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.26.004406 Cancer of the hypopharynx and larynx, in spite of advancements in chemoradiotherapy, remains a deadly disease, particularly in developing nations. This is often attributed to it being detected late in the disease progression; and while neoadjuvant chemotherapy has worked wonders in the early stages of the disease, advanced manifestations often warrant more radical surgical resection. Following a resection adequate reconstruction is required, not only to fill a defect, but also with the aim of restoring some degree of functionality to the patient’s speech and swallowing. Plastic surgeons specializing in head and neck reconstruction have utilized a wide variety of microvascular procedures to deal with laryngopharyngeal reconstruction. The main stay of treatment is the use of a range of local pedicle flaps, or free flaps from elsewhere in the body to cover the defects. Throughout this paper, the various flap choices are compared and reviewed. While it appears, there is no unequivocal superiority of one type of flap over the other, this is dependent on a number of factors. Often the outcome and choice of flap is influenced by the size of defect, prior radiotherapy, surgeon’s familiarity with the technique, patient’s preoperative morbidity, and the need to restore function. Keywords: Laryngopharyngeal; Pharyngeal; Laryngeal; Cancer; Reconstruction; Flap Abbreviations: ALT: Anterolateral Thigh Flap; LDMC: Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap; PMMC: Pectoralis Major Myocutaneous Flap; RFFF: Radial Forearm Free Flap; SCM: Sternocleidomastoid; TDAP: Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator; TPFF: Temporoparietal Free Flap
Michael Ab Naafs
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 9, pp 001-001; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2018.09.001779

Abstract:
Biodiesel is a renewable and clean energy source to reduce carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions.
Hulyam Kurt, Emine Yagci, Cansu Ozbayer
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 13, pp 1-5; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2019.13.002359

Abstract:
Actually, these impressive nanoscale molecules were found almost 40 years ago at the same time by two different research groups (Stahl et al. and Johnstone et al.)
Qianjin Feng, Kaixia Xu, Yafei Guo, Yingli Wang
Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, Volume 26, pp 19683-19684; doi:10.26717/bjstr.2020.26.004304

Abstract:
Author Affiliations Shanxi University of Chinese Medicine, China Received: February 20, 2020 | Published: February 28, 2020 Corresponding author: Qianjin Feng, Shanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Jinzhong 030619, China DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2020.26.004304 Zuogui Wan (ZGW) has been used as a typical recipe for tonifying kidney essence in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The iridoid glycosides active ingredient are the important material basis for efficacy. Keywords: Zuogui Wan; Iridoid Glycosides; Pharmacological Effect Abbreviations: ZGW: Zuogui Wan; TCM: Traditional Chinese Medicine; ZGWRS: ZGW Contained Rat Serum; BGP: Bone Gla-Protein; IOP: Intraocular Pressure; LDP: Density Lipoprotein
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