Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry: 111

(searched for: journal_id:(2347161))
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Clémence T. Eboga, , Yves A. Mbiangué, Emmanuel N. Nfor, Patrick L. Djonwouo, ,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 07, pp 75-87; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2017.73005

Abstract:
Reaction of Ba0.50[Ag2Cr(C2O4)3]·5H2O with Ag2SO4 in an aqueous solution of sulfuric acid (pH ≈ 3) yielded the silver(I)/chromium(III) oxalate salt H0.50[Ag2.50Cr(C2O4)3]·5H2O (1). Compound 1 can be best described as an anionic silver-deficient oxalatochromate(III) complex [Ag2.50Cr(C2O4)3]0.5- with nanochannels containing hydrogen-bonded water molecules and protons. Thermal analyses show significant weight losses corresponding to the elimination of water molecules of crystallization followed by the decomposition of the network.
Imen Ketata, Lassad Mechi, Taïcir Ben Ayed, Michal Dusek, Vaclav Petricek,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 02, pp 33-39; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2012.22006

Abstract:
New transition metal complex of Cobalt(III) of the ligand (E)-3-(1-(2-aminoethylimino)ethyl)-4-hydroxy-2H-chromen-2-one, derived from condensation of ethylene diamine with 3-acetyl-4-hydroxy-chromene-2-one have been synthesized by reaction of cobalt(III) salt and the ligand, in amounts equal to metal-ligand molar ratio of 1:2. Both the Schiff base and the complex of Co(III) were characterized by IR, UV-Vis, 1H NMR- and 13C NMR-spectroscopy techniques. Single crystal X-ray diffraction investigation, at low temperature T = 120 K, shows that the cobalt complex is triclinic P-1, a = 10.426(5) A, b = 11.3234(2) A, c = 15.729(5) A, α(°) = 70.102(4), β(°) = 86.049(4), γ(°) = 82.497(4), Z = 2, and its structure consists of isolated [Co(III)(C13H13N2O3)2]+ complex cations with distorted octahedral geometry, ClO-4 counter anions, acetone solvent and water molecules. The crystal cohesion is stabilized by hydrogen bonds between ligands and water molecules, and ionic interactions between complex cations and counter anions.
, Eman H. Ismail, Gehad G. Mohamed, Ehab M. Zayed, Ahmed Badr
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 02, pp 13-21; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2012.22003

Abstract:
A novel, simple approach to the synthesis of macrocyclic Schiff base ligand resulted from the condensation of bisaldehyde and ethylenediamine was prepared (7, 8, 15, 16, 17, 18-hexahydrodibenzo (a, g) (14) annulene) (L) and its complexes were synthesized and characterized using different physicochemical studies as elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, conductivity, magnetic properties, thermal analysis, and their biological activities. The spectroscopic data of the complexes suggest their 1:1 complexe structures which are investigated by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, conductivity, magnetic properties, thermal analysis, and their biological activities. The spectroscopic studies suggested the octahedral structure for the all complexes. The spectroscopic data of the complexes suggest their structure in which (N2O2) group act as a tetradentate ligand and two chlorides as monodentate ligands. Also electronic spectra and magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate octahedral structure of these complexes. The synthesized Schiff base and its metal complexes also were screened for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Here we report the effect of a neutral chelating ligand on the complexation with iron to determine it in different types of natural water using recovery test. The activity data show that the metal complexes to be more potent/ antibacterial than the parent Schiff base ligand against one or more bacterial species.
Norrihan Sam, , , Fasihuddin B. Ahmad, Mohd Razip Asaruddin
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 02, pp 22-27; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2012.22004

Abstract:
Five new organotin(IV) complexes of ortho-vanillin-2-hydrazinopyridine hydrazone with formula [RnSnCl4–n(VHP)] [R = Me2, n = 2 (2); R = Ph2, n = 2 (3); R= nBu2, n = 2 (4); R = nBu, n = 2 (5) and R = 1, n = 0 (6)] have been synthesized by direct reaction of ortho-vanillin-2-hydrazinopyridine hydrazone [(VHP), (1)], base and organotin(IV) chloride(s) in absolute methanol. The hydrazone ligand [(VHP), (1)] and its organotin(IV) complexes (2-6) have been characterized by UV-Visible, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectral studies. Spectroscopic data suggested that in the complexes (2-4), the ligand (1) acted as a neutral bidentate ligand and is coordinated to the tin(IV) atom via the azomethine nitrogen and pyridyl nitrogen atoms, whereas the ligand (1) acted as a uninegative tridentate ligand and coordinated to the tin(IV) atom through phenolic-O, azomethine-N and pyridyl-N atoms in complexes (5-6). The toxicity of the ligand (1) and its organotin (IV) complexes (2-6) were determined against Artemia salina. Organotin(IV) complexes showed moderate activity against Artemia salina. The ligand (1) and its organotin(IV) complexes (2-6) were also tested against four types of bacteria namely Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter aerogenes. All organotin(IV) complexes and the free ligand (1) showed better antibacterial activities against bacteria. Among the organotin(IV) complexes (2-6), diphenyltin(IV) complex (3) showed higher activity against the four types of bacteria.
, Judy D. Wall
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 07, pp 28-60; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2017.72003

Abstract:
Uranium bio-transformations are the many and varying types of interactions that microbes can have with uranium encountered in their environment. In this review, bio-transformations, including reduction, oxidation, respiration, sorption, mineralization, accumulation, precipitation, biomarkers, and sensors are defined and discussed. Consensus and divergences are noted in bioavailability, mechanism of uranium reduction, environment, metabolism and the type of organism. The breadth of organisms with characterized bio-trans formations is also cataloged and discussed. We further debate if uranium biotransformations provide bio-protection or bio-benefit to the microbe and highlight the need for more work in the field to understand if microbes use uranium reduction for energy gain and growth, as having the ability is separate from exercising it. The presentation centers on the fundamental drivers for these processes with an additional exposition of the essential contribution of inorganic chemistry techniques to the molecular characterization of these biological processes.
Takoua Ben Issa, Latifa Benhamada
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 07, pp 61-73; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2017.72004

Abstract:
Single crystals of the 4,4’-diamoniumdiphenylmethan sulfate hydrate, denoted DDPS, were grown by slow evaporation solution technique at room temperature. The compound was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, IR and thermal analysis (TG-DTA). It crystallizes in the monoclinic system (space group C2/c) with the following unit cell dimensions: a = 17.7635(10) Å, b = 9.3796(10) Å, c = 27.5676(10) Å, β = 97.367(2), V = 4555.2(6) Å. The structure was solved by the direct method and refined to final R value of 0.0472 for 2108 independent reflections. The anions are hydrogen bonded to each other, forming clusters [HS2O8]3﹣ parallel to the plan (a, b). The water molecules connect these clusters via O-H···O hydrogen bonds. The organic cations are attached to the clusters through N-H···O hydrogen bonds, forming an infinite three-dimensional network.
Tabinda Sattar,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 07, pp 17-27; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2017.72002

Abstract:
A new porous compound, Copper glycinate (Bio-MOF-29), [Cu(C2H4NO2)2 (H2O)] has been synthesized by the hydrothermal method and characterized by single crystal XRD analysis. Bio-MOF-29 crystallized in orthorhombic crystal system with P212121 space group. In vitro adsorption studies of four different drugs, terazosine hydrochloride, telmisartan, glimpiride and rosuvastatin have been carried out for Bio-MOF-29. Drugs adsorption estimations of drugs loaded Bio-MOF-29 have been carried out through High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), which reveals that these drugs are successfuly adsorbed in it. Also the slow release of adsorbed drugs after intervals was observed through HPLC. Thermograms and powder XRD patterns of Bio-MOF-29 before and after drugs adsorption were also recorded to elaborate the phenomenon of drugs adsorption in Bio-MOF-29.
, Sajed M. Lateaf, Dhuha K. Rashid
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 102-111; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.54011

Abstract:
The complexes of mixed ligand (HL) as primary ligand with azide ion (N3-) as co-ligand with Mn(ll), Co(ll), Ni(ll), Zn(ll), Cd(ll) and Hg(ll) were prepared via reaction metal (ll) chloride salt with ligand (HL) and sodium azide (NaN3) using 1:2:2 mole ratio in ethanol solvent, respectively. The complexes of mixed ligand (HL) were characterized by elemental microanalysis (C.H.N), atomic absorption chloride content, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility, melting point, FTIR and UV-Vis spectral data. The anti bacterial activity with four kinds of bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aureus was studied.
Yicheng Liu, Yicheng Liu, Xiazhang Li, Xiazhang Li, Jen Sloppy, Jen Sloppy, Yan Huang, Yan Huang, Pingping Yao, Pingping Yao, et al.
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 07, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2017.71001

Abstract:
The magnetic hollow silica spheres (MHSS) with uniform cavity size and shell thickness were prepared by a simple and “green” method using functionalized SiO2 spheres as templates. Magnetic particles (Fe3O4) were deposited on the SiO2 surface by varying the molar ratio of [Fe2+]/[Fe3+] and the molar concentration of iron salts. The obtained magnetic hollow silica spheres exhibited a super-paramagnetic behavior at room temperature. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray powder scattering (XRD) were applied to characterize the MHSS. Besides, their unit cell parameters are calculated according to results indexing to XRD, the MHSS sample prepared at 0.10 M iron salts and 2:1 molar ratio of [Fe2+]/[Fe3+] has a largest cell angle (β) of unit cell. Due to large hollow cavity space and super-paramagnetic characteristics, the inner amino-functionalized MHSS could be labeled with radioisotope 99Tcm to study the MHSS’s magnetic targeting distribution in vivo. These results indicate that the MHSS has potential in the magnetic targeted drug delivery system which reduces the damage to normal cells and improves the therapeutic effect of cancer.
Youmin Sun, Huixue Ren, Xiaofeng Wei, Guiqin Zhang
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 219-228; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.64017

Abstract:
Theoretical insights elucidate a series of active phosphonate esters application in preparation of Cephalosporin antibiotics’ intermediate. The B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) method was employed to obtain the stable equilibrium geometries including comparing to the AE-active ester. It was found that the Ethyl-aminothiazoly Loximate (AT) molecule fragment is almost planar sheet, but it is almost perpendicular to the plane of phosphoryl ester. Moreover, the calculated Mulliken atomic charge distribution and frontier molecular orbital analysis of these esters showed that the amino N atom connected to the Thiazole ring of the AT had the maximum negative charge, which suggested that this area had high molecular activity. The value of ΔEL-H was energy gap between EHOMO and ELUMO and indicated that compound 6a had high reaction activity. The theory calculation results can explain the reaction mechanism well and predict that the novel active phosphonate ester has a hopeful application prospect in preparation of Cephalosporin antibiotics’ intermediate.
Pascal Binda, Kimberly Rivers, Clifford Padgett
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 205-218; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63016

Abstract:
The syntheses of a library of new chiral aminophenolate bidentate O,N-type ligands HOC6H4(2-R- 4-R′)CH2N(Me)CH(Me)C6H5 [R = R′ = But, 1; R = R′ = Pent, 2; R = But, R′ = Me, 3; R = Me, R′ = But, 4; R = R′ = Me, 5] and tridentate O,N,O-type ligands HOC6H4(2,4-But)CH = NCH(R′′)C6H5 [R′′ = Me, 6; R′′ = CH2OMe, 7] are reported. These ligands were characterized by elemental analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H & 13C), and single crystal X-ray diffraction. These ligands serve as chiral auxiliaries for inorganic chemists to design chiral metal-based complexes for asymmetric catalysis and stereoselective polymerization reactions. Three new heteroleptic zinc complexes based on these ligands have been synthesized in moderate yields via a ligand-exchange transamination reaction between homoleptic [Zn(N(SiMe3)2)2] and one equivalent of corresponding ligands to afford [L3ZnN- (SiMe3)2] (3a), [L4ZnN(SiMe3)2] (4a), and [L7ZnN(SiMe3)2] (7a). Solvent-free polymerization of raclactide at 130°C using these zinc compounds yielded atactic polylactides with Mw 10,000 g/mol and narrow polydispersity of 1.3.
Sawsan Mohamed Al-Ashqar
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 195-204; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63015

Abstract:
The reactions of N-(O-hydoxyphenyl)-N'-phenylthiourea (L) derived from with Cu+, Cu2+, Co2+ and Co3+ chloride and/or iodide afford new metal complexes. The isolated complexes were synthesized by two different techniques (chemical and tribochemical methods). Two complexes were synthesized by the direct chemical reactions of N-(O-hydoxyphenyl)-N'-phenylthiourea (L) with MCl2·XH2O (M = Co2+ and Cu2+; X = 6 in case of Co2+ and X = 2 in case of Cu2+) in absolute EtOH. The general formulae of the two complexes derived by the chemical method are [Cu(L)2(EtOH)2]Cl2 and [Co(L)2Cl2]Cl. These complexes were used to synthesize another two complexes using tribochemical reaction by grinding the previous chloride complexes with excess KI in agate mortar in the solid state. The isolated complexes have the general formulae, [Cu(L)I·H2O]·1/2H2O and [Co(L)I3(Et- OH)]·3EtOH. The results indicate the substitution of the chloride by iodide ions during grinding and extraction of the complexes by solvents. The IR spectra of the complexes suggest that L acts in a bidentate manner towards the metal ions. Moreover, the results of electronic spectra and magnetic measurements for the chloride complexes suggest distorted-octahedral structure for Cu2+ and low-spin octahedral structures around the CoII and Cu2+ ions, respectively. On the other hand the data suggest that the iodide complexes have square-planer and low-spin for the Cu+ and Co3+ ions, respectively. The results of mass spectra confirm the formulae proposed for the isolated complexes. The mechanisms of reduction of CuII and oxidation of CoII for the metal complexes were elucidated.
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 183-194; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63014

Abstract:
This paper reports the kinetics of the oxidation of 2,6-dimethylphenol (DMP) to get 3,3’,5,5’-tetra- methyl-4,4’-diphenoquinone (DPQ) using novel oxidative coupling complexes [(Pip)4nCu4X4-(CO3)2] (n = 1 or 2, X = Cl or Br, Pip = piperidine). The new prepared tetranuclear complexes were characterized using cryoscopic measurements, electronic spectra, FTIR, EPR and cyclic voltammetry techniques. These complexes are catalytically active. The proposed mechanism of the catalytic oxidative coupling can be illustrated as a pre-equilibrium, K, between the catalyst and DMP to form a complex intermediate which is converted to activated complex through the rate determining step, k2, to form the final product. The inverse of the observed rate constants kobsd versus 1/[DMP]2 gives a straight line with intercept. From the slope and the intercept, both K and k2 are obtained. At different temperatures, thermodynamic and kinetic parameters are evaluated. It is worth to mention that, the dependence of kobsd on [DMP]2 indicates that the coordination number for every copper center in both n = 1 or 2 in [(Pip)4nCu4X4(CO3)2] is equal to six. Therefore, carbonato bridging centers in n = 1 acts as a tridentate ligand, while for n = 2 acts as a bidentate ligand.
David Salazar, Roberto Soto-Molina, Eder German Lizarraga-Medina, Marco Antonio Felix, Nicola Radnev, Heriberto Márquez
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 175-182; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63013

Abstract:
This paper presents a study of amorphous SiOx thin films by means of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE) technique. Tauc Lorentz, Lorentz and Cauchy models have been used to obtain physical thickness and complex refractive index (n and k) from experimental data. In order to obtain a wide range to x stoichiometry values, the films were prepared by vacuum thermal evaporation of SiO on glass substrates, under different and controlled deposition conditions.
Mominou Nchare, Lei Wang, Salomon Anagho
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 155-162; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63011

Abstract:
Mesoporous molecular sieves, NbFAPO-5 and NbFAPSO-5 were hydrothermally synthesized with AlPO-5 type structure. Characterization of these molecular sieves was performed by X-ray diffraction to determine their structure, ICP-EAS for their elemental composition and infrared spectrometry to access their acidic properties. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed well AlPO-5 type structure. ICP-EAS analysis confirmed the incorporation of silicon (12.9%), aluminium (15.4%), phosphorous (21.9%), iron (5.62%) and niobium (0.39%) into AlPO-5 framework. Infrared spectrometry analysis showed that both Bronsted and Lewis sites were found in the synthesized samples. The presence of both Bronsted and Lewis acid site led to bifunctional function of NbFAPO-5 and NbFAPSO-5 molecular sieve in promoting both oxidation and esterification reactions. NbFAPSO-5 Bronsted acidity was higher than that of NbFAPO-5 and for Lewis acidity, NbFAPO-5 was higher than that of NbFAPO-5.
Olga Iliashevsky, Elina Rubinov, Yafa Yagen, Moshe Gottlieb
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 163-174; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.63012

Abstract:
Immobilization of active molecules by attachment onto solid surfaces is a well-established practice in many processes and applications. Silica micro- and nano-particles are attractive candidates as support for active molecules as a result of a combination of desirable properties. The present study deals with grafting of a functional UV active molecule onto silica surfaces via hydrosilylation reactions using multivalent organosilicon spacers. Different types of organosilicon precursors based on dimethylsiloxysilanes containing multiple SiH groups were used as spacers between vinyl-modified silica surface and the benzotriazole UV-absorber (UVA). Firstly, the surface of silica was modified with vinyltrimetoxsisilane coupling agent. The UVA molecules were attached to the silica-vinyl by a two-step procedure involving hydrosilylation reaction. The successful grafting was confirmed by FTIR, TGA and UV-Vis characterization. More than fivefold increase in UVA loading was found for the MH30 multifunctional spacer, which contains approximately 75 SiH groups per molecule, when compared to a four-functional spacer. Furthermore a branched, bulky six-functional spacer is preferred over a linear spacer of the same functionality. UV activity of functionalized silica was studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy, indicating that the immobilization of UVA onto silica surface has not altered its UV absorbance properties.
Jennifer D. Conner, Wathsala Medawala, Madison T. Stephens, William H. Morris, , Patrick L. Kent, Jeffery J. Rice, Xiaohua Jiang, Edward C. Lisic
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 146-154; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.62010

Abstract:
The focus of this research is on the study of a series of copper (II) benzoylpyridine thiosemicarbazone complexes. Of the six benzoylpyridine thiosemicarbazone ligands used in this study, two are reported for the first time; 2-benzoylpyridine tert-butyl thiosemicarbazone (BZP-tBTSC), and 2-benzoylpyridine benzyl thiosemicarbazone (BZP-BzTSC). Once characterized by NMR, melting point, and MS, these mono-anionic tridentate ligands were then reacted with Cu2+ to form the new square planar metal complexes [Cu(BZP-tBTSC)Cl] and [Cu(BZP-BzTSC)Cl]. All of the copper complexes display marked inhibition of human topoisomerase IIα. The [Cu(BZP-tBTSC)Cl] complex shows marked activity against human breast cancer cell lines.
, Marcio Adriano Sousa Chagas, K.M.D. de Sousa, Daniel Tizo Costa,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 135-145; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.62009

Abstract:
N this work, we present synthesis of the compounds trans-[Ru(NH3)4L(bpa)]2+ where L is pyridine ligands: pyridine (py), isonicotinamide (isn), 4-acetylpyridine (4-acpy) and 4-picoline (4-pic) and 1,2-bis (4-pyridyl) ethane (bpa), their characterization by UV-visible spectroscopy and electrochemical properties. This series shows intense bands in the region between 400 and 515 nm, allocated bands charge transfer (MLCT), the influence of substituents on the pyridine ring (4-acpy and isn), and the interaction between the ligand and the metal, causing a second MLCT band, which is lighter and has more energy. The compound is characterized by spectroscopy by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The displacement observed in the symmetrical stretching of νs(CCN) group in the complex compared with the νs(CCN) group in the free ligand is indicative of coordination of the pyridine group to the Ruthenium (II) metallic center. The electrochemical data (cyclic voltammetry) show that reversibility criteria are well defined and formal Ef potential, indicating the influence of the pyridine ring substituent.
Huan Yang, Hailan Xu, J. Kriss Frank, Guangtong Xu, Weiwei Huan, ,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 125-134; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.62008

Abstract:
In this paper, the content of water glass before and after adding modifying agent was measured by Trimethylsilyl-gas-chromatography. The experimental results showed that different modulus of water glass could generate different content of mono-silicate acid and oligomeric silicate acid in water glass. After a period of storage, different modulus of water glass led to decrease of silicate content at different levels. Because higher content of Na2O in water glass tended to incur the alkaline polymerization, the occurrence of depolymerization of silicate species would lead to an increase of oligomeric silicate species, resulting in a drawback of silicate species content after a period of storage. And contrary to that, lower content of Na2O in water glass tended to incur the acidic polymerization. When the modifying agent was added to the newly made water glass, the amount of mono-silicate acid and oligomeric silicate acid also decreased. In modified water glass, the change of each silicate acid species was less than that in unmodified water glass. These results showed that the modifying agent retarded the aging of water glass. It had remarkable significance on the theory and practical application of water glass chemistry.
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 114-124; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.62007

Abstract:
There are many reports that divalent alkaline earth, first-row transition metals, and Zn(II) ions have α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions, in particular, have strong α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. Several Schiff bases also display α-glucosidase inhibitory effects. In this study, we focused on safe and highly effective complexes including Zn(II) ion. We prepared and characterized the Zn(II) complexes with four different Schiff bases (N-salicylidene-β-alanine (N-sβ), N-N’-bis (salicylidene) ethylenediamine (N-bsE), N, N’-bis (salicylidene)-phenylenediamine (N-bsP), and 1-[(2-dimethylaminoethylimino) methyl]naphtholate (DMN)) and investigated their α-glucosidase inhibitory effects in vitro, using α-glycosidases from Saccharomyces sp. and rat small intestine, and in vivo, using a sucrose tolerance test. The Zn(II) complexes with DMN showed the highest in vitro and in vivo α-glucosidase inhibitory effects in this study.
, Ahmed A. M. El-Reedy, Tajedin Y. Alansi, Yamany B. Yamany
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 89-113; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.62006

Abstract:
The thermogravimetry (TG) and derivative thermogravimetry (DTG) have been used to study the thermal decomposition of some oxalyl (H4OxTSC), malonyl (H4MaTSC) and succinyl-bis-4-phenyl- thiosemicarbazide (H4SuTSC) ligands and their metal complexes using Horowitz-Metzger (HM) and Coats-Redfern methods. The kinetic thermodynamic parameters such as: E*, ΔH*, ΔS*and ΔG* are calculated from the DTG curves. The isolated complexes have the general composition [M2(L) (H2O)6], where M=Cu(II), Zn(II), L=MaTSC and M=Co(II), Cu(II) or Sn(II) and L=Su TSC and [M2(L) (H2O)n]·nH2O where M=Cu(II), Co(II) or Sn(II), L=OxTS or Ma TSC. The tested compounds show a good activity against four strains of bacteria Gram negative Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa species and gram-positive Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus.
Jafar Attar Gharamaleki, Fahimeh Akbari, Akram Karbalaei, Kamran B. Ghiassi,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 76-88; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.61005

Abstract:
The reaction of bis-[2-amino-4-pheny1-5-thiazolyl] disulfide with 5-nitro-salicylaldehyde in absolute ethanol resulted in the formation of a new Schiff base ligand H2L (1). Characterization of the ligand was performed by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Vis, elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The ligand, (1), possesses a disulfide –S–S– bridge of 2.1121 (3) ? length, and the molecule adopts a cis-conformation around this bond. In the crystal structure of (1), an intramolecular O–H···N hydrogen bond with D… A distance of 2.69 (3) ? was present. The reaction of (1) with Co(NO3)2·6H2O and CuCl2·2H2O in methanol afforded the corresponding metal complexes. The obtained solids were further investigated by elemental analysis and UV-Vis titration that confirmed the formation of [CoL] and [ClCuHL] complexes. However, recrystallizaion of the Co(II) complex in dimethylsulfoxide caused the complete hydrolysis of the imine bond and afforded a Co(II) complex in which two 5-nitro-salicylaldehyde and two DMSO molecules were coordinated to the central metal in an octahedral fashion. This structure (2) was also confirmed by single crystal X-ray analysis.
Azza A. Hassoon, , Nagwa Nawar, Mohsen M. Mostafa
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 23-65; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.61003

Abstract:
New series of oxovanadium (IV) complexes isolated from 2,4,6-tris-(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-triazine (L1) are incorporated and portrayed using spectroscopic (IR, UV-Vis, ESR, mass spectrometric), magnetic moment, thermal and cyclic voltammetry measurements. The results demonstrate that L1 acts in various styles of chelation with [V3O3(L1)(SO4)3(EtOH)1/2(H2O)3/2] 1), [VO(L1)(2,4-pentadionate)]·Cl·4HCl 2), [V2O2(L1)(SO4)2(EtOH)5/2] 3), [V2O2(L1)(SO4)2(EtOH)3/2(H2O)1/2] 4), [VO(L1)SO4 (H2O)3/2]·2.5H2O 5) and [V2O2(L1)(SO4)2(H2O)]·H2O 6). The values of magnetic moments and spectral studies suggest a square-pyramidal geometry around the V (IV) ion for all complexes. The molar conductance values suggest that the complexes are non-electrolyte, except the [VO(L1) (2,4-pentadionate)] Cl·4HCl. Molecular modeling calculates the bond length, bond angle, chemical reactivity, energy components (Kcal/mol) and binding energy (Kcal/mol) for the isolated complexes. The in vitro antibacterial studies of these complexes screened against pathogenic bacteria prove them as growth inhibiting agents. Antitumor activity is carried out in vitro on human mammary gland (breast) MCF-7 and cervical cancer cell-HeLa has shown that [VO(L1)SO4(H2O)3/2]·2.5 H2O and [VO(L1)(2,4-pentadionate)] Cl·4HCl complexes display the highest powerful activity between all of the investigated complexes.
Bonan Liu, Tiancun Xiao, Peter P. Edwards, Jiefei Xiao, Gao Hui, Qiuyun Zong
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 15-22; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.61002

Abstract:
This paper presents the performance and characteristics of new-type sulfur tolerant shift catalyst QDB-04 and its industrial side-line test as well as the first-time industrial application in Lunan Chemical Fertilizer Plant of Shandong in China. The results show that the catalyst has high strength and strength stability, good low temperature activity and stability as well as low potassium bleeding ratio which well meet for the requirements of the methanol plant on catalyst performance in Lunan Chemical Fertilizer Plant.
, Magda M. Akl, Mohamed A. Elbeshlawi, Mohsen M. Mostafa
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 06, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2016.61001

Abstract:
The coordination behavior of 2,3-butanedionemonoxime Girard’s T hydrazone (L1) towards Hg2+ ion has been investigated. The structure of Hg2+ complex, [Hg(L1)Cl]Cl·5H2O, is elucidated using elemental analyses, spectral (IR, UV-visible, 1H-NMR and mass) and TGA measurements. IR spectrum suggests that L1 behaves in a bidentate manner through the azomethine groups. The molecular modeling of L1 and its Hg2+ complex has been investigated. The bond lengths, bond angles, HOMO and LUMO have been calculated. The thermal behavior and kinetic parameters are determined using Coats-Redfern method. The use of L1 for preconcentration and separation via flotation of Hg2+ complex and determination using cold vapor atomic spectrometry (CVAAS) is described. The effects on the percentage of recovered Hg2+ by pH of sample solutions, oleic acid (HOL) concentration, Hg2+ and L1 concentrations are studied in details. The method is applied for the determination of the total Hg2+ (mg·mL-1) in natural water samples.
, Yahya Bahrouni, Latifa Ben Hamada
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 122-130; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.54013

Abstract:
Chemical preparation, X-ray single-crystal, thermal behavior, and IR spectroscopy investigations are given for a new organic cation dihydrogenomonophosphate (C7H9N2O)H2PO4 (denoted ABHP) in the solid state. This compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/n. The unit cell dimensions are: a = 11.011(5) Å, b = 5.861(1) Å, c = 15.944(4) Å and β = 100.81(5) with V = 1010.7(6) Å3 and Z = 4. The structure has been solved using direct method and refined to a reliability R factor of 0.048. The atomic arrangement can be described as inorganic clusters [H4P2O8]2- anions between which are located the organic dimmers (C14H18N4O2)2+ through multiple hydrogen bonds (Figure 1)
, Sondes Chmengui, Latifa Ben Hamada
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 112-121; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.54012

Abstract:
Physicochemical properties of a new hybrid compound (C7H9N2O)3HSO4SO4 are synthesized in aqueous solution and characterized by various physicochemical studies. This compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c and a unit cell with a = 10.3028(2)A°, b = 12.4995(2)A°, c = 20.6730(2)A°, V = 2600.61(7)A°3, and Z = 8. The structure has been solved using direct method and refined to a reliability R factor of 4.6%. The atomic arrangement of this compound is built up by (HS2O8)3- anionic pairs interconnected with two types (C7H9N2O)22+ cationic pairs via (N, O)-H...O hydrogen bonds. The characterization of these salts was carried out using X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy and thermal analysis.
, Rasha Khuder Hussain
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 83-101; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.54010

Abstract:
This work involved the synthesis of two Schiff base derivatives of cefotaxime antibiotic (CFX) namely: [sodium3-(acetoxymethyl)-7-((Z)-2-(methoxyimino)-2-(2-((E)-2–oxoindolin-3-ylide-neamino) thiazol-4-yl)acetamido)-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate]. (0.5) Methanol (LI) and [sodium3-(acetoxymethyl)-7-((2Z)-2-(2-(4-dimethylamino) benzylideneamino) thiazol-4-yl)-2-(methoxyimino)acetamido)-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo [4.2.0] oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate]. (0.5) Methanol (LII) from the condensation reaction of the antibiotic with 1H-Indole-2,3-dione(isatin) and -N, N-dimethyl amino benzaldehyde respectively. Metal complexes of the two Schiff base ligands with Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Pd(II) and Pt(IV) ions were prepared by reacting each ligand with the metal salts in refluxing ethanol. The chemical structures of the two ligands as well as the stereo-chemical structures and geometries of the studied metal complexes were suggested depending the results obtained from CHN and TG analysis, NMR, FTIR, and atomic absorption spectrophotometry, electronic spectra, magnetic moments and conductivity measurements. The mole ratio of the ligands to the metal ion was 1:1 with tridentate bonding behaviors of the coordinating ligands with the metal ions.
A. D. Onu, J. F. Iyun, O. S. Idris
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 75-82; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.54009

Abstract:
The kinetics and stoichiometry of the reduction of H2O2 by an aminocaboxylactocobaltate(II) complex (hereafter[CoHEDTAOH2]-) in aqueous medium have been studied under the following conditions: T = 29℃ ± 1℃, Ionic Strength, I = 0.50 mol dm-3 (NaClO4), [H+] = 1 × 10-3 mol dm-3. The ratio from the stoichiometric study conforms to the equation 2[CoHEDTAOH2]- + H2O2 + 2H+ → 2 [CoHEDTAOH2] + 2H2O. The rate of reaction varied linearly to the first power of the concentrations of the reductant and oxidant and displayed inverse dependence on acid concentration. The plot of acid dependent rate constant versus [H+]-1 was linear with zero intercept. The [CoHEDTAOH2]- - H2O2 reaction was insensitive to the change in ionic strength of the medium suggesting interaction of charged and uncharged species at the activated complex. The Michaelis-Menten plot of was linear without intercept which suggested absence of intermediate complex. Evidences in this paper showed that the reaction occurred through the outer-sphere mechanism.
, María Jesús Holgado
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 52-62; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.53007

Abstract:
Phenylalanine, isocoumarin and Ochratoxin A (OTA) have been intercalated within the interlayer space of layered double hydroxides. Synthesis of these nanocompounds was achieved via co-precipitation. Their physicochemical properties were studied by element chemical analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and thermal analyses. The presence of OTA in the interlayer is demonstrated by the study of LC-FD Analysis. On the other hand, these studies allow to check how some of the toxin is on the surface of the nanocomposite.
, , Sami Ben Moussa, Mohamed Ben Amor
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 41-51; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.53006

Abstract:
The effect of cadmium, aluminum, and sulphate ions on struvite precipitation kinetics and morphology of solids obtained was investigated in this study. Thus, these ions were introduced as additives in solution where struvite precipitation was achieved. The main results obtained showed that the Cd2+ ions cause the probable co-formation, with struvite, of an amorphous phase observed from Cd2+ concentration of 10 mg/L; the addition of aluminum ions in the solution does not affect the nature of the crystalline phase, identified as struvite. However, these ions cause the formation of agglomerates of larger and larger as the concentration rises. Moreover, their increasing improved significantly the yield of phosphates removal; although the sulfate ions have no effect on the nature of the precipitated phase identified as struvite, independently of molar ratio studied, they affect the thermal decomposition of struvite. This latter is done in a single step by increasing the concentration of these ions for the SO42−/PO43− molar ratio of 8.
Hao Wang, Hongping Xiao, Na Liu, Bo Zhang,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 63-73; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.53008

Abstract:
The polymorphism of nitrofurantoin (NF), 1), the cocrystals of NF:2,2’-bipyridyl = 2:1, 2) and NF: 1,10-phenanthroline = 1:1, 3) have been prepared and characterized. The crystal structure analyses show that there are various weak forces among the molecules, such as C/N-H···O, N-H···N hydrogen bond interactions and π···π/lone pair stacking interactions, which play a key role in the assembly of supramolecular networks. A thorough analysis of Hirshfeld surfaces and fingerprint plots facilitates a comparison of intermolecular interactions in 1 - 3, which are crucial in building supramolecular architectures.
Hongjun Wang, Xinhua Cao, Fangke Liu, Shupei Guo, Xinxin Ren,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 30-39; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.52005

Abstract:
Transparent nanostructured BaTiO3 film electrodes were synthesized on conductive substrates from BaTiO3 nanocrystals forming at low temperature. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical methods were employed to investigate its properties of band energetics and the trap state at different pH values. The flat band edges greatly depended on the pH value of electrolyte, and the flat band edges were -0.70, -0.92 and -1.20 V vs saturated Ag/AgCl at the pH value of 3.0, 6.8 and 13.0, respectively. The results showed that trap state densities also highly depended on pH. The total trap state densities were 3.73 × 1015, 4.02 × 1015 and 6.48 × 1016 cm-2 at pH value of 3.0, 6.8 and 13.0 respectively with maximum located at -0.36 V, -0.50 V and -0.80 V. The results obtained from CVs were in good agreement with that obtained from the measurements of time resolved currents. The size of the peak potentials in the cyclic voltammograms experiments was increased dramatically with the pH value increasing, indicating that traps were surface-related.
H. A. Hanafi, M. Abd Elsamad
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 19-29; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.52004

Abstract:
Poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid-dimethyl amino ethylmethacrylate), p(AM-AA-DMAEM) and Poly(acrylamide-acrylic acid)-ethylene diamine tetracetic acid disodium, p(AM-AA)-EDTANa2 were prepared by gamma radiation-induced template polymerization technique. The prepared polymeric materials were used for the sorption of Ga(III), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) in aqueous solution. The effect of pH, weight of resins, metal ion concentrations and contact time on the sorption of these metal ions were studied.
Lianming Wang, Liqiang Zhuang, Hao Xin, YueXia Huang, Deqiang Wang
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 12-18; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.51003

Abstract:
In order to confirm the relationship between the luminescence and the ratio of Ce3+/Ce4+ more clearly, a series of YAG:Ce3+ (Yttrium Aluminum Garnet, Y2.94Al5O12:0.06Ce3+) phosphors were pre- pared under different sintering atmosphere. A semi-quantitative analysis based on X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was introduced to study the mole ratio of Ce3+/Ce4+ in the as-synthe- sized YAG:Ce3+ phosphors. The results indicated that the percentage of Ce3+/(Ce3+ + Ce4+) reached 88.46% under the reduction atmosphere. The emission intensity of YAG:Ce3+ phosphors was increased significantly with the increasing of Ce3+ concentration.
, Isao Asako, Yasuhiko Iwadate, Takeo Hattori
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 7-11; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.51002

Abstract:
YMnO3 and the Fe doped samples were prepared and the lattice constants, electrical conductivities and Seebeck coefficients were measured. The solubility limit of Fe for Mn of YMnO3 was 25 atomic %, the electrical conductivity increased in the range of 350˚C - 700˚C as Fe increased up to 10%, and the doped samples showed larger Seebeck coefficient than undoped samples.
L. H. Grigoryan
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 05, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2015.51001

Abstract:
The research is devoted to the multicomponent system CaTiSiO5-YFeSnO5. The synthesis of solid solutions Ca1-xYxTi1-xSnxSi1-xFexO5 (x = 0 - 1.0, Δx = 0.1) was conducted in low-temperature plasma of hydrogen-oxygen flame. It was found that ions Ca2+, Ti4+ and Si4+ in the molecule of titanit may be substituted with t ions Y3+, Fe3+ and Sn4+. In this case, the system produces two phases of variable composition with broad regions of homogeneity. There were defined the boundaries of formed phases, crystallographic and electrical parameters of the solid solutions. All solid solutions have a semiconductor conductivity type, whose value is linearly dependent on the temperature and com- position of the sample.
Peng Ying, Pengfei Zeng, Jiazheng Lu, Ning Yang, Hongyuan Chen
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 51-63; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.44007

Abstract:
Three mononuclear oxovanadium complexes [VO(Hbid)(CF3PIP)] (1) (Hbid=(E)-2-(2-hydroxybenzylideneamino) isoindoline-1,3-dione, CF3PIP=2-(2-trifluoromethyl phenyl)imidazole[4,5-f][1,10] phenanthroline), [VO(Hbid)(m-CF3PIP)]; (2) (m-CF3PIP=2-(3-trifluoromethyl phenyl)imidazole [4, 5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) and [VO(Hbid)(p-CF3PIP)]; (3) (p-CF3PIP=2-(4-trifluoromethyl phenyl) imidazole[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, molar conductance, ES-MS and 1H NMR. The DNA-binding properties of these complexes were studied by using UV-Vis absorption titration, fluorescence spectra, viscosity measurements and thermal denaturation studies. The results show that 1, 2 and 3 interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) by intercalation modes and the magnitude of their intrinsic binding constants (Kb values) follows the order: 2 < 1 < 3. Furthermore, their photocleavage properties with pBR322 plasmid DNA were investigated by agarose gel electrophoresis experiments. The DNA cleavage capacity of complex 3 is also stronger than that of 1 and 2.
Zhaoyan Deng, Fengying Bai, Yongheng Xing, Na Xing, Liting Xu
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 03, pp 76-99; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2013.34011

Abstract:
A series of lanthanide sulfates coordination complexes, Ln2(SO4)3(H2O)8 (Ln = Pr (1), Nd (2), Tb (3), Sm (4), Dy (5), Gd (7), Ho (8)), and EuK(SO4)2 (6), were constructed by the reaction in situ of lanthanide ions (Ln3+) with flexible dodecanedioic acid and rigid aromatic 5-sulfosalicylic acid under hydrothermal conditions. All of them were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal structures and coordination modes of metal centers and sulfate ions, as well as the novel reaction mechanism and different conditions of lanthanide ions and 5-sulfosalicylic acid to form the series of lanthanide sulfate complexes, were discussed in detail. Solid-state properties for these crystalline materials, such as thermal stability and powder X-ray diffraction have been investigated. Additionally, the photoluminescent characterizations of the complexes 3, 4, 5 and 6, and the catalytic properties of all the complexes about cyclohexane being oxidized into cyclohexanone/cyclohexanol were investigated and compared.
S. Packiaraj, S. Govindarajan
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 41-49; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.43006

Abstract:
Aminoguanidine lanthanide thiodipropionate hydrates of composition [Ln(Agun)2(tdp)3·nH2O], Agun = Aminoguanidine, tdp = thiodipropionic acid, where Ln = La, Pr, Nd and Sm if n = 2, have been prepared and characterized by physic-chemical techniques.
Xiaoli Tang, Longguan Zhu
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 03, pp 71-75; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2013.34010

Abstract:
In the solvothermal condition, a Pd(II) complex with a in situ synthesis ligand, [Pd(2,2’-bipy)2(CN)2] (1) was obtained and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, TG, and powder X-ray analysis. The single crystal X-ray analysis showed that the title complex is different from the reported 2,2’-bipyridyl-dicyanopalladium(II) (2) in crystal system and structural parameters. The catalytic investigation for the reactions of the disproportionation of hydrogen peroxide and oxidation of sulfide showed that the complex 1 is an active homogeneous catalyst in the presence of imidazole and 2-sulfobenzoic acid, respectively.
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 30-40; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.42005

Abstract:
Complexes of chromium(III) metal ion with schiff base i.e. 2,3,9,10 tetraphenyl-1,4,8,11-tetra- azacyclotetradeca-1,3,8,10 tetraene. (BPD) 2,4,10,12-tetramethyl-1,5,9,13-tetraazacyclohexadeca- 1,4,9,12 tetraene. (ADP) 2,3,9,10 tetramethyl 1,4,8,11 tatraazatetredeca-1,3,8,10 tetraene (DDP) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, magnetic susceptibility measurements, electronic and epr spectral studies. On the basis of elemental analysis the complexes were found to have composition CrLX3 (X = Cl-, , NCS-), Molar conductance, measured in DMF solution of these complexes indicates that the complexes are 1:1 electrolytes in nature, therefore the complexes may be formulated as [CrLX2]X. These complexes show magnetic moment in the range of 3.80 - 3.84 B.M. corresponding to three unpaired electrons. EPR and electronic spectral studies reveal that the complexes possess six-coordinated octahedral geometry. The ligand field parameters were calculated using various energy level diagrams. In vitro synthesized compounds and metal salts have also been tested against some species of plant pathogenic fungi and bacteria in order to assess their antimicrobial properties.
Noé Makon Ma Houga, Brian S. Dolinar, ,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 21-29; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.42004

Abstract:
Reaction of Ba(NO3)2 with Fe(NO3)3·9H2O and H2C2O4·2H2O in aqueous medium readily affords, in high yield, the bimetallic complex polymer of chemical composition {Ba6(H2O)17[Fe(C2O4)3]4}·7H2O (1), consistent with the expected ratio of 3BaII vs. 2FeIII. Compound 1 was fully characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, vibrational FTIR spectroscopy, and by single crystal X-ray structure determination. The bulk structure of 1 is a 3-D metal-organic framework held together by intermetallic linkages across oxalate and aqua oxygen bridgings. Thermal analyses of 1 show significant weight losses corresponding to water molecules (lattice and coordinated), followed by the decomposition of the network.
Mohamed Lahbib Mrad, Salah Ammar, Valeria Ferretti, Mohamed Rzaigui,
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 01, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2011.11001

Abstract:
The synthesis and the structure of a new [H3N-(CH2)8-NH3][H2PO4]2 is described. This compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, with the centric space group Pbcn and the following unit cell parameters: a = 7.2887 (4), b = 9.1728 (6), c = 23.2169 (19) A, Z = 4 and V = 1552.23 (18) A3. The crystal structure has been solved and refined to R = 0.074 and R(w) = 0.173. The [H2PO4]- entities are associated by O---H...O strong hydrogen bonds to form layers. These latters are interconnected with the organic entities via (N)-H...O hydrogen bonds. In this atomic arrangement, H bonds between the different species play an important role in the three-dimensional network. This compound has also been characterized by infrared spectroscopy, solid state MAS-NMR and thermal analysis.
Tengiz Machaladze, Madona Samkharadze, , Maia Makhviladze
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 18-20; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.41003

Abstract:
The kinetics of formation of crystal boron was studied by X-ray structure and differential-thermal analyses. The enthalpy of transition of amorphous boron to crystal boron with formation of an intermediate non-equilibrium phase was determined by the calorimetric method. Studies were carried out by using the differential scanning calorimeter SETARAM. Amorphous boron received by diboron cracking was used as the starting material. The test sample is cha- racterized by stability even at a high temperature. When heated, amorphous boron first transforms to crystal boron of α-modification, and during a further heating, there occur several phase transitions, which means the transition of α-rhombohedric crystal boron to the β' and β'' metastable states. Studies of various modifications were carried out by radiographic and electro-optic methods. The high sensitiveness of the calorimeter made it possible to control temperature in the oven, make records and detect even the smallest thermal effects.
, Stefanie Cantalupo, Paul D. C. Foss, Brian McBurney, Kristen Kopp, Barry L. Westcott, James Updegraff Iii, , Allen D. Hunter
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 10-17; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.41002

Abstract:
We have synthesized three bis (thienyl) quinoxalinesilver(I) complexes; however, unlike analogous silver(I) complexes of pyridylquinoxaline that utilize (N, N) bidentate behavior from the quinoxaline and pyridyl ring nitrogens, the bis(thienyl) quinoxaline ligands did not utilize the bonding potential of the thienyl rings to give (N, S) bonding modes. PES spectra modeling of these ligands indicates that the preferential metal bonding via only the quinoxaline nitrogen atoms is due to the N-rich, but S-poor, characters of the frontier orbitals.
, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Illyas Md Isa, Azlan Kamari, Azmi Mohamed, Adila Mohamad Jaafar, Hafsah Taha
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 04, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2014.41001

Abstract:
Two phenoxyherbicide nanocomposites, namely cloprop-layered double hydroxide and cloprop-zinc- layered hydroxide nanocomposites, have been synthesized by using co-precipitation and direct reaction method. PXRD pattern showed an expansion of interlayer spacing with the value of 21.0 Å and 22.7 Å for cloprop-layered double hydroxide and cloprop-zinc-layered hydroxide nanocomposite, respectively. It is evident from FTIR and elemental analyses that both nanocomposites were successfully intercalated between the interlayers of layered metal hydroxide. Controlled release of cloprop anion from interlayer of nanocomposites for both cloprop-layered double hydroxide and cloprop-zinc-layered hydroxide nanocomposite into phosphate solution was rapid initially and slow thereafter. The percentage of accumulated release of cloprop anion from cloprop-zinc-layered hydroxide nanocomposite was slightly higher than that from cloprop-layered double hydroxide nanocomposite. Kinetic behavior of cloprop release was governed by pseudo-second-order for cloprop-layered double hydroxide nanocomposite while parabolic diffusion for cloprop-zinc-layered hydroxide nanocomposite. Results from this study highlight the potential of both nanocomposites as capsulated material for controlled release of cloprop phenoxyherbicides anion.
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 03, pp 100-108; https://doi.org/10.4236/ojic.2013.34012

Abstract:
A new metal-organic hybrid compound [Fe(O3C4)(COO)]·H2O I has been hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Rust crystals crystallize in the monoclinic system, space group I2/a, a = 6.9651(2) A, b = 8.12630(10) A, c = 19.4245(2) A, β = 92.6600(10)°; V = 1098.25(4) A3; Z = 2 and Dx =3.63g/cm3. The refinement converged into R = 0.042; Rw = 0.058. The structure, determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, consists of a network of FeO6 centers, octahedral coordinated by btec (btec = 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid) anions giving rise to a two-dimensional sheet structure. In the compound I, [Fe(O3C4)(COO)]·H2O, the FeO6 group bridged by the 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxyl anion exist in a unit cell, with each anion lying about an inversion centre. One of the FeO2 adistance [1.965(2)] significantly corresponds to the shortest distance as the other and the distances found in the axial direction of compound I.
Page of 3
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top