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Eko Bagus Prasetyo, Andrew Cokro Putra, Bima Rahmaputra, Agus Suharjono Ekomadyo
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 5, pp 1-10; doi:10.30822/arteks.v5i1.72

Abstract:
Kawasan di Jalan Tubagus Ismail, Bandung merupakan kawasan hunian yang telah berubah menjadi kawasan dengan fungsi komersial. Di kawasan ini banyak ditemukan rumah usaha yang tumbuh dan berkembang secara spontan dan responsif terhadap keberadaan mahasiswa dari institusi-institusi pendidikan besar di Kota Bandung. Semakin intensifnya aktivitas dan tingginya pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar mahasiswa mengakibatkan terjadinya berbagai strategi adaptasi arsitektural yang dilakukan oleh pengguna rumah usaha sesuai dengan persepsi, power, dan desire mereka masing-masing. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi strategi adaptasi arsitektural pada rumah usaha di Jalan Tubagus Ismail. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif melalui pendekatan spatial practice dan representational space. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat kecenderungan strategi adaptasi arsitektural ditinjau dari pertimbangan terhadap kecocokan fungsi dengan lokasi usaha, layout ruang, tampak bangunan, dan penyediaan fasilitas bersama. Kekuatan ekonomi banyak berpengaruh dalam strategi adaptasi ini, meskipun tetap ditemukan keseimbangan antara hasrat ekonomis dengan kebutuhan berhuni dalam praktik ruang rumah usaha. Kajian terhadap strategi adaptasi arsitektural ini diharapkan mampu memberi kontribusi pada kajian sosio-spasial dalam arsitektur melalui telaah praktik spasial dan representasi ruang.
Rachmat Budihardjo
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 63-72; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.80

Abstract:
Arsitektur Tradisional Bali adalah arsitektur yang tumbuh dan berkembang di tengah-tengah masyarakatnya. Upaya menjaga budaya Bali (termasuk arsitekturnya) sebagai daya tarik (magnet) pariwisata telah dilakukan sejak masa pemerintahan Kolonial Belanda dengan sebutan “Baliseering”, dilanjutkan oleh Pemerintahan Orde Baru melalui “Pariwisata-Budaya” dan yang terakhir memasuki abad ke-21 dengan slogan “Ajeg Bali. Pada saat kini tidak dapat dipungkiri lagi bahwasannya pariwisata menjadi sector komoditas utama Bali dalam upaya pembangunan dan peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat (termasuk keluarga Puri). Puri merupakan istana sekaligus pusat pemerintahan pada era kerajaan di Bali. Puri memiliki esensi dan peran penting pada masyarakatnya sampai saat kini. Beberapa kegiatan wisatawan di dalam puri diantaranya royal wedding, royal dinner, art performance & exhibition, guest house dan lain sebagainya. Kondisi ini mengakibatkan terjadinya suatu adaptasi arsitektur baik pada fungsi, tata ruang maupun bentuk bangunan sesuai dengan kebutuhan wisatawan, sedangkan pada sisi yang lain adanya suatu upaya dari keluarga puri untuk tetap mempertahankan eksistensi arsitektur Bali. Penelitian ini dirancang menggunakan metoda kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif dengan obyek Puri Saren Agung Ubud. Puri sebagai obyek arsitektur di masa lampau dan upaya untuk mempertahankan eksistensinya baik pada masa kini maupun waktu yang akan datang dipandang dapat menjadi topik yang faktual dan menarik bagi pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan arsitektur lokal (tradisional), khususnya terkait dengan perkembangan sosial dan budaya masyarakat Bali.
Tine Abrianti,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 99-110; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.84

Abstract:
Arsitektur Gereja menampilkan ekspresi fungsinya secara berlapis. Lapis pertama dapat ditangkap secara perseptual melalui ekspresinya yang menunjukkan fungsi sakral. Lapis selanjutnya ditangkap secara asosiatif pada ekspresinya yang terpengaruh dari tradisi dan ideologi Gereja. Pada lapis yang tertinggi ekspresi sakral ditampilkan secara puitik. Ekspresi puitik yang tampil dalam arsitektur Gereja sangat mendukung fungsi sakralnya. Sifat puitik yang menggugah perasaan dan membangkitkan imajinasi sangat sesuai dengan fungsi sakral Gereja sebagai sebuah ambang yang menandai perbedaan dunia profan dan sakral, untuk mengantarkan jemaat kepada Allah yang disembahnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menelusuri seluruh hubungan yang terjalin antara bentuk dan ruang arsitektur Gereja (GPIB) Paulus dengan ekspresi puitik sakral yang ditampilkan. Hasil penelitian diharapkan dapat menambah perbendaharaan konsep tentang arsitektur Gereja serta bagi penelitian-penelitian yang terkait. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pertama, menggambar ulang bangunan GPIB Paulus, untuk mendapat pemahaman bentuk arsitektural yang tepat. Kemudian kedua, menganalisis tampilan bentuk arsitektur gereja. Analisis berlandas pada acuan membaca ekspresi puitik sakral, yang dirumuskan melalui elaborasi konsep lapis makna puitik sakral pada properti dan komposisi arsitektur di setiap lingkup arsitektur, yang meliputi lingkup lingkungan, lingkup tapak, lingkup bentuk bangunan, dan lingkup sosok bangunan. Berdasar hasil analisis dapat ditelusuri konsep lapis makna puitik sakral pada arsitektur Gereja Paulus. Hasil studi menyimpulkan bahwa arsitektur Gereja Paulus dalam lingkup tapak, bentuk, dan sosok bangunan menampilkan ekspresi sakral pada tingkat perseptual dan asosiatif. Dalam lingkup lingkungan arsitektur Gereja (GPIB) Paulus menampilkan ekspresi sakral pada tingkat yang puitik dari bentuk bangunannya. Proporsi atap berbentuk salib dengan menara yang menjulang tampil kontras dalam tatanan bentang alam yang berada di hadapannya, membangkitkan imajinasi tentang kediaman Allah di tempat maha tinggi.
, Sebastian Hadinata
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 1-12; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.73

Abstract:
Bangunan Hindia Belanda di Indonesia patut dipertahankan karena nilai historis dan aspek arsitekturalnya yang bernilai. Bangunan Hindia Belanda banyak ditemukan di Indonesia serta masih berfungsi, antara lain bangunan GPIB Immanuel di Kota Kediri dikenal sebagai Gereja Merah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi keaslian bangunan GPIB Immanuel Kota Kediri. Penelitian ini menggunakan Nara Grid sebagai instrumen penilaian, dengan melakukan analisis baik secara kualitatif maupun kuantitatif aspek dan dimensi visual, spasial maupun struktural bangunan GPIB Immanuel Kota Kediri. Aspek visual, spasial dan struktural bangunan GPIB Immanuel Kota Kediri dideskripsikan menggunakan instrumen Nara Grid, selanjutnya diperkuat dengan kuesioner untuk mengetahui kesesuaian pendapat masyarakat terhadap analisis yang telah dilakukan. Berdasarkan hasil analisa, bangunan GPIB Immanuel Kota Kediri memiliki nilai keaslian, walaupun telah terjadi perubahan dan penambahan. Aspek dan dimensi arsitektural pada gereja masih terlihat, sehingga keasliannya perlu dipertahankan.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 13-24; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.74

Abstract:
Masyarakat Pedukuhan Gunungsari, Desa Bejiharjo Kecamatan Karangmojo, Kabupaten Gunungkidul memiliki komunitas kesenian yang disebut paguyuban Reog keprajuritan yang berbeda dengan jenis kesenian Reog Ponorogo yang telah ada. Komunitas kesenian kreatif ini mampu mempersatukan semua elemen masyarakat untuk dapat maju, mandiri, dan tentram. Komunitas Reog mampu membentuk kehidupan sosial yang baik, rukun dan guyub serta memberdayakan bidang ekonomi masyarakat. Komunitas yang terbentuk menciptakan ruang komunal baru dan fenomena ini menyebabkan transformasi spasial atau alih fungsi lahan di Padukuhan Gunungsari. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perubahan fungsi ruang yang terjadi pada rumah tinggal penggiat komunitas Reog di Desa Bejiharjo. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik mencari data dengan melakukan observasi langsung, survei mendalam, dokumentasi, wawancara dan studi pustaka. Metode analisis dengan mengkaji data yang didapat berupa kondisi rumah tinggal dengan kegiatan yang dilakukan komunitas Reog. Hasil studi menunjukan bahwa komunitas reog mempunyai potensi yang kuat namun mereka belum mempunyai fasilitas yang mendukung kegiatannya.
, Vincentia Reni Vitasurya
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 33-44; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.77

Abstract:
Pariwisata saat ini mengalami pergeseran dari pariwisata massal ke wisata minat khusus berfokus pada alam dan budaya. Dalam konteks pelestarian, pariwisata mengalami pro kontra yang cukup tajam sebagai pendukung pelestarian atau sebaliknya penghambat pelestarian. Penelitian ini menggunakan salah satu instrumen evaluasi pelestarian lingkungan dengan model perhitungan jejak ekologi yang menganalisis secara kuantitatif dari aspek transportasi, penggunaan air, penggunaan pakaian, rekreasi, makanan, sampah dan tempat tinggal. Mengingat keterbatasan model kalkulator jejak ekologi untuk diterapkan di desa Wisata, maka penerapan model perlu dilakukan modifikasi dengan menggunakan pendekatan antropologi. Metode penelitian yang dipergunakan adalah partisipasi riset aksi dengan mengukur dampak aktifitas wisata di perdesaan menggunakan indikator sederhana dari perhitungan jejak ekologi serta dilengkapi wawancara mendalam untuk mengeksplorasi aspek perilaku kolektif sebagai focus pendekatan antropologi yang diteliti. Studi kasus meliputi tiga desa di wilayah Yogyakarta yaitu Pentingsari di kabupaten Sleman, Lopati di kabupaten Bantul dan Kalibiru di kabupaten Kulonprogo. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah rekomendasi pendekatan antropologi untuk mengevaluasi hasil jejak ekologi agar lebih tepat jika digunakan sebagai rencana aksi pelestarian lingkungan di desa wisata dengan tekanan pada pembentukan kesadaran hidup bersama alam.
Leonardus Murialdo Fransiskus Purwanto
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 111-116; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.215

Abstract:
Saat ini menghitung transfer panas pada bidang bangunan, bukan menjadi pekerjaan sulit. Banyak software simulasi komputer yang menawarkan dengan banyak ketepatan dan varian tampilan sesuai dengan kebutuhan penggunanya. Software Therm menawarkan satu keunggulan, yaitu mudah digunakan, dapat digunakan untuk bidang yang riil pada desain bangunan dan bahkan dapat digunakan untuk menghitung transfer panas pada denaha bangunan. Kesulitan dalam penggunaan aplikasi ini adalah keterbatasan library bahan bangunan yang belum tetntu cocok dengan bahan bangunan di Indonesia yang kita gunakan sehar-0hari. Namun software ini menyediakan kesempatan untuk menambah library bahan bangunan dengan mengisi nilai bahan bangunan terkait termal yang sangat sederhana. Penelitian ini didasari dengan penelitian internal yang di danai oleh Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata dengan tujuan untuk menganalisa bidang material dinding dengan memanfaatkan software Therm dengan simulasi tranfer panas yang dapat secara nyata dan akurat menghitung dan memetakan dalam potongan bidang dinding. Metode penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif yang menggambarkan tranfer panas yang melalui dinding, dengan software Therm dan menjabarkan dalam uraian pengaruh transfer panas terhadap ruang dalam, sehingga dapat memberikan respon positif untuk mengantisipasi masalah panas yang masuk ke dalam bangunan. Hasil penelitian ini diharap dapat menjadi landasan bagi desain bangunan yang harus selalu memperhatikan arah orientasi bangunan sehingga pengaruh paparan sinar matahari terhadap dinding dapat diketahu transfer panas yang terjadi dan dapat secara bijak mengantisipasinya.
Raden Rangga Ilham Irfandian,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 117-128; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.359

Abstract:
Perkembangan pembangunan, teknologi dan budaya pada masyarakat perkotaan telah menghasilkan berbagai dampak positif dan negatif, salah satu dampak negatif tersebut adalah menurunnya faktor kesehatan publik dari berkembangnya berbagai penyakit cardiovaskular pada masyarakat perkotaan yang disebabkan oleh minimnya melakukan aktivitas fisik. Berdasarkan fenomena tersebut mulailah berkembang prinsip Desain Aktif. Desain Aktif dapat dipahami sebagai prinsip perancangan pada desain tata fisik lingkungan agar dapat merangsang para penggunanya untuk melakukan aktivitas gerak secara fisik. Prinsip Desain Aktif akan memiliki dampak yang signifikan bagi peningkatan faktor kesehatan publik apabila diterapkan pada titik aktivitas masyarakat kota. Seiring dengan fenomena tersebut, Kota Bandung telah melakukan berbagai revitalisasi pada ruang terbuka publik kota, beberapa berhasil menjadi titik aktivitas masyarakat dalam berolahraga dan berekreasi, salah satunya pada lingkungan disekitar ruang terbuka publik Saparua Park. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif-deskriptif dengan tujuan evaluasi. Penelitian dimulai dengan merumuskan indikator Desain Aktif dari berbagai literartur, kemudian melakukan evaluasi terhadap obyek studi. Menghasilkan pemahaman tentang sejauh mana prinsip Desain Aktif terwujud pada obyek studi, potensi pengembangan kedepan dan perwujudan apa saja yang dapat dijadikan contoh.
, Olinda Rodrigues
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 25-32; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.75

Abstract:
Perkembangan pariwisata di kota Yogyakarta saat ini lebih mengarah pada kampung wisata perkotaan yang merupakan dampak dari globalisasi pariwisata. Kegiatan pariwisata di kampung wisata dapat mengakibatkan perubahan baik secara fisik maupun non fisik yang mampu mempengaruhi karateristik kampung tersebut terlebih pada lingkungan kampung Jetisharjo RW 07. Oleh sebab itu perlu dilakukan penelitian dengan pendekatan smart city, khususnya smart environment sebagai studi awal untuk merumuskan strategi perencanaan sebuah lingkungan yang pintar dan berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode kualitatif, pengambilan data dilakukan melalui data primer dan data sekunder. Data sekunder yang dikumpulkan mencakup dimensi smart city yaitu smart environment. Data primer diperoleh melalui pengamatan di lapangan, berupa foto kondisi pola ruang luar lingkungan kampung wisata Jetisharjo RW 07 dan wawancara dengan masyarakat setempat yang mengurus kampung wisata tersebut. Hasil penilitian ini menunjukan bahwa pengembangan lingkungan kampung wisata Jetisharjo RW 07 tidak hanya dinilai dari teknologi modern, namun lebih pada kapasitas dan partisipasi masyarakat setempat sebagai pelaku dalam pengembangan kampung wisata.
Ai Siti Munawaroh, Rivena Elbes
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 85-98; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.83

Abstract:
Bangunan perpustakaan belum memperoleh tempat yang terhormat di lingkungan pemerintah daerah, sekolah, maupun perguruan tinggi. Bangunan perpustakaan pada umumnya tidak diprioritaskan dan berada di tempat yang tidak strategis. Padahal tujuan dari sebuah bangunan adalah mengakomodir aktivitas dan memberikan kenyamanan bagi penggunanya. Untuk itu, perlu adanya penelitian mengenai aspek kenyamanan, terutama kenyamanan termal pada bangunan tersebut. Metode penelitian yang akan digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan pengukuran langsung pada objek penelitian dan melakukan pembagian kuesioner. Pengukuran langsung dengan menggunakan alat ukur yang sudah disiapkan seperti thermometer, anemometer, dan hygrometer. Disaat yang bersamaan pembagian kuesioner dilakukan kepada para pengunjung. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu ingin mengetahui :1) Tingkat kenyamanan termal pada bangunan PerpustakaanUniversitas Bandar Lampung, dan 2) Aspek-aspek apa saja yang mempengaruhi kenyamanan termal pada bangunan Perpustakaan Universitas Bandar Lampung. Hasil penelitian didapat: 1) Tingkat kenyamanan termal pada bangunan Perpustakaan Universitas Bandar Lampung dapat disimpulkan nyaman, berdasarkan hasil pengukuran suhu, kelembaban, dan kecepatan angin. Berdasarkan hasil nilai persepsi pengunjung yang diperoleh melalui pengisian lembar kuesioner, sebanyak 60% pengunjung berpendapat kondisi nyaman dan 40% berpendapat sangat nyaman. 2) Aspek-aspek yang mempengaruhi kenyamanan termal pada bangunan Perpustakaan Universitas Bandar Lampung berdasarkan hasil pengukuran menggunakan alat ukur dan nilai persepsi menggunakan kuesioner antara lain: a). Suhu b). Kelembaban c). Jumlah pengunjung perpustakaan, dan d). Pakaian yang dikenakan.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.364

Abstract:
Writing is an indispensable part of research culture, and publication is one way to disseminate ideas and to push forward the scientific discourse in the pursuit of new knowledge, from theoretical- to praxis- levels. Especially for young scholars, writing and publishing in academic journals shall become a natural habit, not just for chasing credit points or impact factors, but for strengthening the true desire in finding new knowledge, ethically and scientifically. There are four different categories of articles in this issue. First category is on the correlation between ecological-environmental aspects and tourism in rural-traditional contexts, where the writers have shown their critical position towards cultural & natural conservation. Second category is on architectural styles and typology which are more descriptive. Third category is related to the climatic comfort and simulation. And the fourth category is on human activities in urban space. The article by Anna Pudianti and Vincentia Reni Vitasurya is looking into the ecological footprints in relation to village tourism in Yogyakarta from the anthropological perspective. Similar interest to village tourism and cultural-environmental conservation in Nias is shared by Anugerah Septiaman Harefa. Likewise, Rachmat Budihardjo is looking into the impact of tourism to the typological adaptation of the traditional architecture in Bali. Dessy Anggaini and Dwita Hadi Rahmi wrote about “Indisch-style” based on typological inventory in Yogyakarta. Anneke Clauvinia Patriajaya and Yohanes Karyadi Kusliansjah are lamenting on the transformation of urban street character in Surabaya. Tine Abrianti and Purnama Salura wrote the sacred poetic of religious architecture in Jakarta. Rivena Elbes and Ai Siti Munawaroh article is on thermal comfort study on a library building in Lampung. Leonardus Murialdo Fransiskus Purwanto presented his analysis on heat transfer by a thermal simulation software. Finally, Raden Rangga Ilham Irfandian and Herman Wilianto presented their study on lifestyle aspect in urban public space in Bandung. This journal edition demonstrates the diversity of interests and approaches among young scholars. Although the level of criticality and the level of theoretical discourse can still be improved further, but these articles have shown a good promise for a higher level of scholarly pursuits.
Dessy Anggraini,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 45-56; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.78

Abstract:
Kawasan jalan Prawirotaman Yogyakarta memiliki karakteristik yang unik dengan fasad bangunan-bangunan Indis yang dulu merupakan rumah prajurit Kraton dan terus berkembang sehingga banyak bangunan baru yang muncul dengan gaya modern yang dapat menghilangkan identitas dan karakteristik di kawasan jalan Prawirotaman. Oleh karena itu diperlukan pemahaman mengenai karakteristik fasad bangunan Indis agar dapat dijadikan masukan dalam perancangan bangunan di masa mendatang. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma rasionalistik dengan metode deduktif kualitatif. Hasil dari penelitian ditemukan tipe-tipe dalam setiap elemen dan ditemukan tipe yang paling dominan diantaranya; atap limasan dengan tambahan atap kecil (akibat penambahan ruang depan) dengan genteng tanah liat, dinding material beton dengan warna cream atau putih, pintu menggunakan 2 daun pintu material kayu kombinasi kaca rayban, Jendela kaca massif, peninggian lantai antara 20-60 cm (memerlukan tangga untuk akses masuk) dan didominasi dengan bangunan berlantai satu. Pola fasad keseluruhan bangunan Indis yang ada di kawasan jalan Prawirotaman memiliki pola yang asimetis namun terkesan seimbang dan ornamen pada bangunan terdapat pada bagian ventilasi, sedangkan kolom dengan unsur garis tegas dan material beton yang menunjukan adanya perbedaan karakteristik pada variabel dari teori karakteristik dasar bangunan Indis. Contoh elemen yang berbeda adalah jendela dan pola bangunan karena adanya perkembangan jaman dirubah oleh pemilik bangunan.
Anugerah Septiaman Harefa
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 57-62; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.79

Abstract:
Nias merupakan pulau yang berada disebelah barat Pulau Sumatera, tepatnya di Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Desa Hilinawalo Mazino merupakan desa yang berada di kecamatan Mazino, kabupaten Nias Selatan yang memiliki luas 8,5 kilometer persegi. Desa Hilinawalo Mazino memiliki banyak rumah adat tradisional Nias, namun setelah terjadinya gempa pada tahun 2005 dan kerusakan karena kurangnya perawatan hingga ditinggalkan penghuni, mengakibatkan Desa Hilinawalo Mazino kehilangan beberapa rumah adat mereka. Tujuan studi ini ialah menemukan cara pelestarian untuk mempertahakan keadaan dan kelestarian Desa Hilinawalo Mazino sebagai destinasi wisata berkelanjutan di Kepulauan Nias. Metode pengumpulan data dengan observasi, survei data sekunder dan wawancara. Metode menganalisis data dengan mengolah hasil survei yang didapatkan dengan 4 prinsip Pedoman Pengembangan Desa Wisata. Kesimpulannya, cara pelestarian desa Hilinawalo Mazino sebagai destinasi wisata terwujud dengan 4 prinsip tersebut.
Anneke Clauvinia Patriajaya,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 4, pp 73-84; doi:10.30822/arteks.v4i1.81

Abstract:
Pada umumnya, kota memiliki kawasan yang dikembangkan sebagai pusat aktivitas komersial. Pola perkembangan aktivitas komersial melahirkan tipologi pedestrian shopping street yang mengutamakan pejalan kaki dalam pola dan sistem aktivitasnya. Jalan Tunjungan Surabaya merupakan contoh kawasan perbelanjaan berbasis pejalan kaki yang dikembangkan pada masa pemerintahan Gemeente. Sejalan dengan perkembangan kota Surabaya, keunikan urban artefak kawasan Tunjungan bertransformasi dan kini didominasi bangunan bertingkat serta Jalan Tunjungan berubah menjadi poros kota. Keunikan Jalan Tunjungan yang menjadi daya tarik wisata terancam punah akibat tekanan dan tuntutan perkembangan perekonomian Surabaya. Melalui pendekatan sinkronik-diakronik dengan metode kualitatif-deskriptif, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pola, tipe, dan sistem yang membentuk karakteristik fisik-spasial pedestrian shopping street Jalan Tunjungan yang bertahan, beradaptasi, dan hilang akibat transformasi Surabaya sebagai kota metropolitan. Dari analisa komparasi, ditemukan bahwa yang bertahan hanya pola linearitas tatanan bangunan. Tipe jalan beradaptasi menjadi avenue searah dengan pembagian lajur jelas dengan penambahan sistem perparkiran on site. Selain itu, tipe bangunan beradaptasi menjadi bangunan komersial. Karakteristik arcade di beberapa bangunan hilang, sistem transportasi menghilangkan halte penumpang, jembatan tidak lagi berfungsi, dan juga pola perparkiran menganggu pola pedestrian. Jalan Tunjungan yang dulunya mengedepankan pengalaman berbelanja dan berjalan kaki mengalami degradasi menjadi area shopping street.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 129-144; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.212

Abstract:
The interiority of buildings in tropical countries requires specific characteristics unlike those in countries with four distinct seasons. Buildings in non-tropical climates must protect their inhabitants from extreme weather, meaning that the architecture’s connection with nature is necessarily limited by a boundary which can withstand extreme climatic differences. In tropical countries, on the other hand, the temperature does not fluctuate much throughout the year, so the temperature difference between seasons is not extreme. This characteristic is reflected in traditional Nusantara architecture, which incorporates a breathable wall so that free winds come in, reducing heat. The roof is tilted or saddled-shaped to keep rain water away from the building. The architecture uses organic materials and includes terraces for dialogue with nature. Modern Indonesian architecture, however, particularly in large cities, is mostly closed off, severely limiting the interaction with nature. Since the advent of air conditioning (AC) technology during the 1980’s, architecture has changed to seal the boundaries of the building. Advances in information technology such as Internet and smartphones have made for further changes to architecture in the area; some functional spaces are being discarded, while others are expanded. The relationship between architecture and nature is now constrained by impenetrable materials such as brick, concrete and glass, as opposed to the more traditional, permeable boundary. In contrast to this trend, modern Indonesian society is tempted to form a closer relationship with nature. This paper examines how a relationship between nature and the interior of buildings may be accommodated again, presenting some existing projects by several architects from Europe and Asian countries—including the authors’ own work—as case studies.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 113-128; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.164

Abstract:
The meaning of traditional Javanese house is as an expression of respect to creating harmonious relations with the numinous unity of supernatural environment, natural environment, and community. This is done in order to achieve safety in the life of Javanese people. To accommodate the demands of development needs, especially from the economic aspect, some houses experienced renovations in the form of adding commercial functions to their initial residential functions. As a case study, four houses which have been renovated were chosen. This study sought to reveal the effect of the renovation on the meaning of the house. The research begins by identifying the zones of each houses before renovation. Then the zones of each room were identified as a result of the renovation. The next step was to identify the suitability of the space zone due to renovation of the initial zone. Based on the suitability or incompatibility of the zone, the structuralism approach was used to interpret the effect of renovation on the meaning of the house. The results show that the renovation of the traditional house generally only affects the change on surface structure and not on the deep structure, thus, does not change its meaning. The wider the original house and the more residents living there, the higher the possibility of changing the meaning.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 101-112; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.167

Abstract:
Since the era of Sriwijaya, Palembang had been accosted and livable by different ethnics from other nations, such as Chinese, Arabia, and Campa. Their presence has coloured the development of architecture in Palembang because of the architectural influences of the native country. The existence of the Chinese architecture houses in Musi river is one of the architectural heritages of the Chinese ethnic that still survive until today. Visually, the shape of the buildings provides equal image proportions indicating that there is a size comparison of the physical elements of the main building in building the houses. It is interesting to find out physical proportions (main frame) of those house buildings. The research used descriptive quantitative method and data were analysed stastistically. Results of the study showed that the proportion (ratio) of the physical elements (main frame) of this building was P: L: T = 9.2:3.4:2.3. The front roof of the building (segment A) has a high proportion but lower than the roofs on segment B and C. This indicates that the spaces on segments B and C have a higher space value as praying room and private activity spot for its residents.
Sidhi Pramudito, Antonius Lanang Tegar Wicaksana Praptantya, David Jeffry Nasir
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 171-186; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.68

Abstract:
Riverbanks are one of the urban areas that often experience decrease in its environment quality. This is caused by the improper utilization of riverbanks as a living space. Consequently, the quality of adequate housing for the community is difficult to achieve. Although the government has tried to build flats as a solution to the problem, some residents choose to abandon them because of its formal and rigid vertical dwelling model that make the residents feel lack of togetherness and interaction between community. This kind of communal perspectives sometimes cannot be found when they live in horizontal dwelling (kampung). The purpose of this paper is to generate recomendation for a vertical dwelling model based on the form of community interaction in Kampung Gampingan, located at the Winongo River. The paper is expected to be an alternative solution for stakeholders in planning and designing settlements, especially in villages on the banks of urban rivers.
Bonifasius Sumardiyanto
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 113-128; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.62

Abstract:
The meaning of traditional Javanese house is as an expression of respect to creating harmonious relations with the numinous unity of supernatural environment, natural environment, and community. This is done in order to achieve safety in the life of Javanese people. To accommodate the demands of development needs, especially from the economic aspect, some houses experienced renovations in the form of adding commercial functions to their initial residential functions. As a case study, four houses which have been renovated were chosen. This study sought to reveal the effect of the renovation on the meaning of the house. The research begins by identifying the zones of each houses before renovation. Then the zones of each room were identified as a result of the renovation. The next step was to identify the suitability of the space zone due to renovation of the initial zone. Based on the suitability or incompatibility of the zone, the structuralism approach was used to interpret the effect of renovation on the meaning of the house. The results show that the renovation of the traditional house generally only affects the change on surface structure and not on the deep structure, thus, does not change its meaning. The wider the original house and the more residents living there, the higher the possibility of changing the meaning.
Tarcicius Yoyok Wahyu Subroto
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.60

Abstract:
The existence of residential buildings scattered across the archipelago that has been present for centuries and leaves a long footprint both culturally and socially and integrated into the lives of those who have it has a wealth of extraordinary values ​​of local wisdom. This reality leads to the logical awareness of researchers and observers about the relationship of the concepts of culture and material culture that are not only to be studied and expressed textually but also important to be documented to add to the wealth of information and documentation of culture and architecture. assets that will ultimately contribute to its main mission of developing architectural science. Subroto (2008) states that basically science is used to explain the basic principles contained in knowledge that were previously known as important elements of science itself.
Anjuma Perkasa Jaya
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 101-112; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.61

Abstract:
Since the era of Sriwijaya, Palembang had been accosted and livable by different ethnics from other nations, such as Chinese, Arabia, and Campa. Their presence has coloured the development of architecture in Palembang because of the architectural influences of the native country. The existence of the Chinese architecture houses in Musi river is one of the architectural heritages of the Chinese ethnic that still survive until today. Visually, the shape of the buildings provides equal image proportions indicating that there is a size comparison of the physical elements of the main building in building the houses. It is interesting to find out physical proportions (main frame) of those house buildings. The research used descriptive quantitative method and data were analysed stastistically. Results of the study showed that the proportion (ratio) of the physical elements (main frame) of this building was P: L: T = 9.2:3.4:2.3. The front roof of the building (segment A) has a high proportion but lower than the roofs on segment B and C. This indicates that the spaces on segments B and C have a higher space value as praying room and private activity spot for its residents.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 145-148; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.192

Abstract:
Human is the centre of natural exploitation and built environment, a belief that has been existed since the beginning of civilization when human started to adapt into the natural environment and to articulate nature into built-environment. Human as creator and innovator of the built environment put himself at the centre of the universe: geographically is at the middle ground in between the mountain and the waterfront, chronologically is in between the sunrise and the sunset, and ideologically is in between heaven above and underworld beneath the earth. He stands at the middle of circles that define inside and outside and denote sacred and profane. Water is the essence of life. Therefore, the forested hills and mountains that provide steady supply of fresh water are preserved and well protected, spiritually and physically. To ensure the continuous flow of the lifeline, the forests are protected against violations and destructions, through rituals and social rules. The choice of location for the built-up area of the settlement is carefully considered against natural and supra-natural factors, in order to ensure the harmonious relationships between human, nature, and the spirits. In rational sense, it is to ensure the survivability of the community’s existence and its livelihood.
Sidhi Pramudito, Antonius Lanang Tegar W. P., David Jeffry Nasir
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 171-186; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.156

Abstract:
Riverbanks are one of the urban areas that often experience decrease in its environment quality. This is caused by the improper utilization of riverbanks as a living space. Consequently, the quality of adequate housing for the community is difficult to achieve. Although the government has tried to build flats as a solution to the problem, some residents choose to abandon them because of its formal and rigid vertical dwelling model that make the residents feel lack of togetherness and interaction between community. This kind of communal perspectives sometimes cannot be found when they live in horizontal dwelling (kampung). The purpose of this paper is to generate recomendation for a vertical dwelling model based on the form of community interaction in Kampung Gampingan, located at the Winongo River. The paper is expected to be an alternative solution for stakeholders in planning and designing settlements, especially in villages on the banks of urban rivers.
V. F. Agung Langgeng Prasetyo
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 187-198; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.166

Abstract:
Ngalum Ok is one among a large number of tribes in Indonesia. It is one of the major tribes in Papua and its members are those who inhabit Oksibil valley in Pegunungan Bintang Regency of Papua Province. The cultural values of this tribe are reflected in the form, function, and meaning of its traditional house architecture. In response to current developments that incline to modernization, attempts should be made to protect architecture of traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, which is a cultural heritage for the present and future generations. To provide a coherent and complete macro and micro description about the traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, a qualitative method with a descriptive structuralism approach is used. As the result indicates, this study has presented a clear and thorough description of form, function, and meaning of the traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, which is a cultural heritage in this modern era for the present and future generations.
Nino Ardhiansyah, , Elisabet Dita S.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 149-158; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.163

Abstract:
Culture has a very important essence in people's lives. Values that lead to culture seem to be the “breath” for the survival of society. A well-developed culture that can be viewed from both physical and non-physical aspects inherited from generation to generation becomes a tradition that has strong local wisdom. Yet along with its development, its existence may undergo a shift. This condition may exist because of the presence of other cultures that intentionally brought by or unintentionally emerge along with the presence of immigrants. This study aims to identify the shifts of cultural values of the people in Prawirotaman Village, especially in the aspect of community economic activities, through several stages such as: (1) Mapping changes in residential spatial planning in Prawirotaman Village; (2) Exploring economic activities changes in Prawirotaman Village. The results of the study indicate a change in governance and use of land in Prawirotaman Village. This change indeed has implications to socio-economic activities and most particularly to economic or livelihood system.
Refranisa
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 159-170; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.67

Abstract:
Dusun Mantran Wetan is a hamlet located at the foot of Mount Andong of Magelang Regency whose majority of its inhabitants are people with Javanese-Islam acculturation background. Communal rituals of Javanese tradition are still well-preserved and practiced in certain spaces that allow a forming of a settlement pattern of the hamlet. This study aims to improve and deepen people’s scientific knowledge of settlement pattern of Dusun Wetan Mantran Magelang in the frame of Javanese culture as well as to support the effort to preserve the settlement pattern of the hamlet. An empirical approach was used in this study. The data were collected through field observations, interviews, and from a number of Javanese culture literatures. This study reports that there exist two sacred places/shrines and two communal spaces as center points where people hold their communal rituals. To conclude, well-preserved Javanese cultural symbolization established in the community determines the settlement pattern of Dusun Mantran Wetan.
Yohanes Djarot Purbadi, Achmad Djunaedi, Sudaryono
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 215-238; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.71

Abstract:
The Research based on an intercultural contact approach is significant to study the traditional settlements and to support the preservation of local culture-based architecture in Indonesia. The Kaenbaun village inhabited by Dawan tribes is a vernacular village and organized based on local resources (physical-natural, technological, economic, social and cultural) fully. It is believed that even the ancestral spirits were involved in structuring settlements and the process of village life. The Kaenbaun's culture is a mixture of Dawan culture and the faith and dogma of the Catholic church which form Kaenbaun's wisdom and underlie the behavior of citizens and the spatial layout of Kaenbaun's settlements. The study was conducted by using field observation guided by Husserlian phenomenological paradigm. The data were processed based on inductive-qualitative thinking by using the field notes taken from field research activities in 2004 to 2010. Data were also supplemented by actual information gathered in 2010-2018 through digital media. The result showed that the local wisdom of Kaenbaun (Kaenbaun's wisdom) emerged from the Dawan culture with the acculturation of Catholic faith and dogma becoming a guideline for the behavior of citizens and the spatial structure of the Kaenbaun village settlement architecture. The Kaenbaun's wisdom is the concept of Kaenbaun's ideal life where humans live in harmony with their fellow humans, harmony with nature, blessed by their ancestors and blessed by God.
Nino Ardhiansyah, Dhyah Ayu Retno Widyastuti, Elisabet Dita Septiari
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 149-158; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.66

Abstract:
Culture has a very important essence in people's lives. Values that lead to culture seem to be the “breath” for the survival of society. A well-developed culture that can be viewed from both physical and non-physical aspects inherited from generation to generation becomes a tradition that has strong local wisdom. Yet along with its development, its existence may undergo a shift. This condition may exist because of the presence of other cultures that intentionally brought by or unintentionally emerge along with the presence of immigrants. This study aims to identify the shifts of cultural values of the people in Prawirotaman Village, especially in the aspect of community economic activities, through several stages such as: (1) Mapping changes in residential spatial planning in Prawirotaman Village; (2) Exploring economic activities changes in Prawirotaman Village. The results of the study indicate a change in governance and use of land in Prawirotaman Village. This change indeed has implications to socio-economic activities and most particularly to economic or livelihood system.
Wisnu A. Sanjaya, Rumiati R. Tobing
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 199-214; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.168

Abstract:
Surabaya is the second most populated city in Indonesia. Its ever-growing population creates a problem with its limited number of low-cost housing. Seeing how slow the progress of constructing low cost vertical housing to meet the demands, it requires a faster and more efficient way. By using a modular construction method, this paper tries to analyze the benefit of using an alternate material such as prefabricated CLT (Cross Laminated Timber) panel. CLT panel shows a high potential in creating a better construction that is more environmentally friendly while still benefiting from a faster and lower cost by overall. Siwalankerto vertical housing was chosen due to its modular style of design and usage of material in its façade that is easier to simulate using a prefabricated material. Its location in Surabaya that is near Gresik where the manufactures capable manufacturing the prefabricated material also make it a great choice. This paper limits itself on construction efficiency and effectiveness simulated towards using prefabricated CLT panel and the effects of said material to the organization of rooms inside the building.
Mt Ir. Yohanes Djarot Purbadi, Achmad Djunaedi, Sudaryono Sudaryono
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 215-238; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.211

Abstract:
The Research based on an intercultural contact approach is significant to study the traditional settlements and to support the preservation of local culture-based architecture in Indonesia. The Kaenbaun village inhabited by Dawan tribes is a vernacular village and organized based on local resources (physical-natural, technological, economic, social and cultural) fully. It is believed that even the ancestral spirits were involved in structuring settlements and the process of village life. The Kaenbaun's culture is a mixture of Dawan culture and the faith and dogma of the Catholic church which form Kaenbaun's wisdom and underlie the behavior of citizens and the spatial layout of Kaenbaun's settlements. The study was conducted by using field observation guided by Husserlian phenomenological paradigm. The data were processed based on inductive-qualitative thinking by using the field notes taken from field research activities in 2004 to 2010. Data were also supplemented by actual information gathered in 2010-2018 through digital media. The result showed that the local wisdom of Kaenbaun (Kaenbaun's wisdom) emerged from the Dawan culture with the acculturation of Catholic faith and dogma becoming a guideline for the behavior of citizens and the spatial structure of the Kaenbaun village settlement architecture. The Kaenbaun's wisdom is the concept of Kaenbaun's ideal life where humans live in harmony with their fellow humans, harmony with nature, blessed by their ancestors and blessed by God.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.244

Abstract:
Keberadaan bangunan hunian yang terserak di kawasan kepulauan nusantara yang selama berabad abad hadir dan meninggalkan jejak panjang baik secara budaya maupun sosial dan menyatu dengan kehidupan masyarakat pemiliknya memiliki kekayaan nilai kearifan lokal yang luar biasa. Realitas ini membawa pada kesadaran logis para peneliti dan pemerhati hubungan budaya konsep dan budaya material yang tidak saja untuk dikaji dan diungkapkan secara tekstual namun juga penting untuk didokumentasikan dalam rangka menambah kekayaan informasi dan dokumentasi aset budaya dan arsitektur yang pada akhirnya akan memberikan kontribusi pada misi utamanya yaitu mengembangkan ilmu pengetahuan Arsitektur. Subroto (2008) menyatakan bahwa pada hakikatnya ilmu pengetahuan digunakan untuk menjelaskan prinsip dasar yang terkandung dalam pengetahuan yang telah diketahui sebelumnya sebagai unsur penting dari ilmu pengetahuan itu sendiri.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 159-170; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i2.165

Abstract:
Dusun Mantran Wetan is a hamlet located at the foot of Mount Andong of Magelang Regency whose majority of its inhabitants are people with Javanese-Islam acculturation background. Communal rituals of Javanese tradition are still well-preserved and practiced in certain spaces that allow a forming of a settlement pattern of the hamlet. This study aims to improve and deepen people’s scientific knowledge of settlement pattern of Dusun Wetan Mantran Magelang in the frame of Javanese culture as well as to support the effort to preserve the settlement pattern of the hamlet. An empirical approach was used in this study. The data were collected through field observations, interviews, and from a number of Javanese culture literatures. This study reports that there exist two sacred places/shrines and two communal spaces as center points where people hold their communal rituals. To conclude, well-preserved Javanese cultural symbolization established in the community determines the settlement pattern of Dusun Mantran Wetan.
Johannes Widodo
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 145-148; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.65

Abstract:
Human is the centre of natural exploitation and built environment, a belief that has been existed since the beginning of civilization when human started to adapt into the natural environment and to articulate nature into built-environment. Human as creator and innovator of the built environment put himself at the centre of the universe: geographically is at the middle ground in between the mountain and the waterfront, chronologically is in between the sunrise and the sunset, and ideologically is in between heaven above and underworld beneath the earth. He stands at the middle of circles that define inside and outside and denote sacred and profane. Water is the essence of life. Therefore, the forested hills and mountains that provide steady supply of fresh water are preserved and well protected, spiritually and physically. To ensure the continuous flow of the lifeline, the forests are protected against violations and destructions, through rituals and social rules. The choice of location for the built-up area of the settlement is carefully considered against natural and supra-natural factors, in order to ensure the harmonious relationships between human, nature, and the spirits. In rational sense, it is to ensure the survivability of the community’s existence and its livelihood.
V. F. Agung Langgeng Prasetyo
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 187-198; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.69

Abstract:
Ngalum Ok is one among a large number of tribes in Indonesia. It is one of the major tribes in Papua and its members are those who inhabit Oksibil valley in Pegunungan Bintang Regency of Papua Province. The cultural values of this tribe are reflected in the form, function, and meaning of its traditional house architecture. In response to current developments that incline to modernization, attempts should be made to protect architecture of traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, which is a cultural heritage for the present and future generations. To provide a coherent and complete macro and micro description about the traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, a qualitative method with a descriptive structuralism approach is used. As the result indicates, this study has presented a clear and thorough description of form, function, and meaning of the traditional house of Ngalum Ok Tribe, which is a cultural heritage in this modern era for the present and future generations.
Budi Pradono
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 129-144; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.63

Abstract:
The interiority of buildings in tropical countries requires specific characteristics unlike those in countries with four distinct seasons. Buildings in non-tropical climates must protect their inhabitants from extreme weather, meaning that the architecture’s connection with nature is necessarily limited by a boundary which can withstand extreme climatic differences. In tropical countries, on the other hand, the temperature does not fluctuate much throughout the year, so the temperature difference between seasons is not extreme. This characteristic is reflected in traditional Nusantara architecture, which incorporates a breathable wall so that free winds come in, reducing heat. The roof is tilted or saddled-shaped to keep rain water away from the building. The architecture uses organic materials and includes terraces for dialogue with nature. Modern Indonesian architecture, however, particularly in large cities, is mostly closed off, severely limiting the interaction with nature. Since the advent of air conditioning (AC) technology during the 1980’s, architecture has changed to seal the boundaries of the building. Advances in information technology such as Internet and smartphones have made for further changes to architecture in the area; some functional spaces are being discarded, while others are expanded. The relationship between architecture and nature is now constrained by impenetrable materials such as brick, concrete and glass, as opposed to the more traditional, permeable boundary. In contrast to this trend, modern Indonesian society is tempted to form a closer relationship with nature. This paper examines how a relationship between nature and the interior of buildings may be accommodated again, presenting some existing projects by several architects from Europe and Asian countries—including the authors’ own work—as case studies.
Wisnu A. Sanjaya, Rumiati Rosaline Tobing
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 199-214; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i2.70

Abstract:
Surabaya is the second most populated city in Indonesia. Its ever-growing population creates a problem with its limited number of low-cost housing. Seeing how slow the progress of constructing low cost vertical housing to meet the demands, it requires a faster and more efficient way. By using a modular construction method, this paper tries to analyze the benefit of using an alternate material such as prefabricated CLT (Cross Laminated Timber) panel. CLT panel shows a high potential in creating a better construction that is more environmentally friendly while still benefiting from a faster and lower cost by overall. Siwalankerto vertical housing was chosen due to its modular style of design and usage of material in its façade that is easier to simulate using a prefabricated material. Its location in Surabaya that is near Gresik where the manufactures capable manufacturing the prefabricated material also make it a great choice. This paper limits itself on construction efficiency and effectiveness simulated towards using prefabricated CLT panel and the effects of said material to the organization of rooms inside the building.
Rilia Rigina Mahagarmitha
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 57-70; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.54

Abstract:
The growth and development of the city is one of driving factors for the emergence of slums in urban areas. Slums are usually located on the outskirts of the city, an example of which can be found in Balikpapan known as “Kampung Nelayan” slum area. A common condition takes place in other big cities in Indonesia, and this has led the government to formulate programs and policies by issuing government regulations Undang-undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2011 concerning to Housing and Human Settlement Areas. It is stipulated in the regulation that “The management of slums must be carried out by the central Government, local Government and/ or by every individuals”. To improve the welfare and a better life quality, active community participation is needed to build sustainable habitable human settlements. In order to explore more about this concept, a research was conducted at Kampung Nelayan Warna-warni Teluk Seribu. The research aims at learning more about the roles of the community and obstacles encountered in developing Kampung Nelayan Warna-warni Teluk Seribu. The method used is descriptive analysis through observation, interview, literatures study, and related documents. The result of the research shows that community participation plays a successful role in developing Kampung Nelayan Warna-warni Teluk Seribu as one of the tourist attractions in Balikpapan which, then, leads to economic enhancement of local community and Balikpapan city.
Yuliana Bhara Mberu, Yohanes Djarot Purbadi
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 79-100; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.56

Abstract:
The Space at Soekarno Street and Siliwangi Sreet in the Kota Lama Kupang area has existed since the establishment of Kupang city. Since then, this space has developed into a trading area and played important role as economic and social interaction instrument in the life of the people. The long-lasting activities and usage of the space by users, especially by the informal and formal traders indicate how they give meaning to the space. Finding the meaning of street space of Kota Lama will be benefitial in encouraging development sustainability and in contributing thoughts to the parties responsible for the continuing life at Kota Lama Kupang. The aim of this research was to find out the meanings of street space of Soekarno and Siliwangi Streets at Kota Lama Kupang and the underlying terms according to the space users of informal and formal sellers. The research employed qualitative approach with inductive analysis method. The informants were 24 informal sellers and four formal sellers who have been at the space for more than 15 years. The finding of the research was the depth knowledge about the meaning of space according to the informal and formal sellers and the concept underlying their existence. There were two concepts of meanings of the space found, namely living survival and local life unity (community). Both concepts were supported by six themes, namely theme of economy, kinship, togetherness, bonding with the place, gender and annual event. It was concluded that the meaning of Space Street at Kota Lama Kupang was categorized as local meaning.
Amos Setiadi
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 1-12; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.49

Abstract:
The vision of development of Kupang City is to develop is as the Centre of National Activities with sustainable waterfront city concept. It intends to solve problems resulting from the development of Kupang City seashore areas by orienting the development to establish seashore areas as the front gate of the city and avoiding construction of settlement building on riparian zones and seashore areas.bThe relevance of this vision is discussed using qualitative descriptive method based on data of the areas' profiles. The discussion concludes that Kupang City needs Detail Planning on Priority Areas' Spatial for riparian zones and seashore areas with development concept.
Jackobus Ade Prasetya Seputra
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 45-56; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.53

Abstract:
The demand for household energy in Indonesia is dominated by air conditioning sector. One of the efforts to optimize air conditioner (AC) is to figure out the best air distribution pattern. Nowadays, there are three air distribution types of marketed AC; (1) perfect mixing, (2) displacement, and (3) radiant cooling. This research examines the influence of those types toward energy consuption to ensure indoor thermal comfort. It was conducted by conducting literature review, mathematical calculation, and numerical simulation. Based on SNI 03-6572-2001, the research applied comfort criteria of indoor air temperature of 24oC as setpoint with 28.1oC initial temperature. Energy consumption is estimated based on time required to achieve the setpoint. The fastest cooling time is obtained by displacement in 80 seconds, then perfect mixing in 112 seconds, and the longest is radiant cooling in 460 seconds. Energy calculation establishes three scenarios of heat load represented by air con’s idle time; (a) high load, 30 seconds, (b) moderate load, 60 seconds, and (c) low load, 90 seconds. For 300 hours of operational time per month, displacement consumes (a) 148.4, (b) 116.6, and (c) 96 kWh/month, whilst perfect mixing needs (a) 160.9, (b) 132.8, and (c) 113.1 kWh/month. Lastly, radiant cooling spends (a) 191.5, (b) 180.5, and (c) 170.6 kWh/month.
Fransiscus Xaverius Eddy Arinto
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 37-44; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.52

Abstract:
Preservation of cultural heritage is an obligation so that future generations can still enjoy the cultural riches that their predecessor generation has made. In reality, changes occur over time. These changes are sometimes uncontrollable and cause damage to artifacts. They ultimately eliminate the source of discourse and even its characteristics. To maintain cultural sustainability, preservation must be based on the characteristics of the cultural heritage itself. The problem is how to explore and obtain these cultural characteristics so that they can become a foothold in developing further designs. The graphic method for artifacts is one method that helps to explore archetypes, basic characters contained in artifacts in an easier way. This basic character will later become a guideline for the development of a sustainable design.
Budianastas Prastyatama, Anastasia Maurina
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 27-36; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.51

Abstract:
Modular block building materials have been well-known in the design and construction of built-environment. In its simplest form, the modular block is known as brick, red brick, lime brick, conblock, etc. The modularity of its unit lends itself for easy of production, application and transport. The drawbacks, however, are the generallyrelated to high energy consumption and pollution level in the production process (brick burning, high temp heating of cement and lime). In the perspective of sustainable and environmentally friendly built environment, the drawbacks need to be addressed in order to minimize its carbon footprint in human habitation. The challenge is how to obtain modular blocks with low energy consumption, while achieving stability and structural performance up to the standard. In this research, the earthen block test units were conducted without burning or use of cement and lime. Ijuk fibre (Arenga pinnata) was chosen as replacement of cement and lime was choses as stabilizer in producing modular blocks. The main test units and their comparisons underwent a compression test in the compressive testing machine to evaluate the structural performance. The comparison test blocks were blocks with similar form, dimension and production method, while the diffrentiating factor was the mixture. The standards SNI 15-2094-2000 (Indonesia) and IS 1077 : 1992 (India) were used as reference to compressive strength of common fired brick.
Andi Imelda Chanrasari, Nurmiah, Umar
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 13-26; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.50

Abstract:
Humans basically cannot break away from the past which gave birth to the thoughts and values. These thoughts and values passed down continuously without any or with very little change that they become the customs and culture of the people. This kind of understanding is called traditionalism. It is assumed that traditionalism also exists in architecture as a product of human culture. Gorontalo as a rapid growing city during the Dutch colonial period kept a number of buildings from that era. The Dutch colonial buildings are results of Dutch culture either in their pure form or those that have been combined with traditional culture and the condition of the surrounding environment. The results showed that traditionalism in Dutch colonial architecture has an influence in the city of Gorontalo. These influences can be found in terms of the design of the floor plan, the shape of the building, the shape of the roof, the shape of the openings and the use of ornaments in buildings.
Yanita Mila Ardiani
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 71-78; doi:10.30822/arteks.v3i1.55

Abstract:
The more the times, the more people want to get closer to the speed of getting information. Achieving information today is facilitated by the progress of technology. The case in living in a house, now has been present tools that we can guide from our gadgets even though the location is very far from where we live. Some of these tools can be installed in the home, and there is a need for a standard and the ways in which a home can be fully integrated with the tools. With these smart home tools, we can control our home by distance. The safety, the entertainment, the smart comfort living feeling, we can achieve in the smart home design. The smart home is the home that fulfill with smart tools to make our life easier with less cable and fully supported by wifi and internet. In the smart home like this, our life much simpler, and easier, and controlled well. This research tries to collect the tools that can be put in the smart home and the room and spaces in the home that supported. The Research method is using qualitative methods, with experiments. The tools for Smart home standardization are used in the experiments, so that we can gain spaces that needed in the smart home design. So, the result of this study is to find the smart home typhology that is using the tools in the smart home standards.
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 1-12; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.157

Abstract:
Title: Implementation Strategy Of Waterfront Concept In Kupang City The vision of development of Kupang City is to develop is as the Centre of National Activities with sustainable waterfront city concept. It intends to solve problems resulting from the development of Kupang City seashore areas by orienting the development to establish seashore areas as the front gate of the city and avoiding construction of settlement building on riparian zones and seashore areas.bThe relevance of this vision is discussed using qualitative descriptive method based on data of the areas' profiles. The discussion concludes that Kupang City needs Detail Planning on Priority Areas' Spatial for riparian zones and seashore areas with development concept. Keywords: waterfront, sustainable, seashore, development concept
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 27-36; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.144

Abstract:
Bahan bangunan berbentuk blok modular sudah cukup dikenal di dunia rancang bangun lingkungan binaan di Indonesia. Dalam bentuknya yang paling sederhana, blok modular ini dikenal dengan nama bata, bata merah, batako, conblock, atau lainnya. Unitnya yang modular memberi kemudahan dalam pembuatan, aplikasi dan transportasinya. Kekurangannya, blok ini umumnya dibuat melalui proses yang boros energi dan polutif (pembakaran bata, pemanasan semen dan kapur di tanur / kiln). Dalam perspektif lingkungan binaan yang berkelanjutan dan ramah lingkungan, kekurangan ini perlu diperbaiki agar jejak karbon habitasi manusia dapat ditekan. Tantangannya adalah mendapatkan blok modular yang hemat energi, tetapi dapat mencapai stabilitas dan performa struktural yang sesuai standard. Dalam penelitian ini, benda uji berbahan tanah dibuat dengan tanpa melalui proses pembakaran atau pemakaian semen dan kapur. Serat ijuk digunakan sebagai pengganti semen dan kapur yang selama ini dikenal sebagai stabilisator pilihan dalam pembuatan blok modular. Untuk melihat kinerja strukturalnya, benda uji utama dan pembandingnya diuji pada mesin uji tekan (compressive testing machine). Pengujian dilakukan dengan menggunakan benda uji pembanding berupa blok modular dengan bentuk, dimensi dan cara pembuatan yang serupa, dengan perbedaan pada komposisi bahannya. Sebagai rujukan, digunakan SNI 15-2094-2000 (Indonesia) dan IS 1077 : 1992 (India) tentang klasifikasi kuat tekan bata merah bakar.
Umar - Makkasahe,
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 13-26; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.154

Abstract:
Manusia pada dasarnya tidak bisa melepaskan diri dari masa lalu yang melahirkan (tata) nilai dan pemikiran yang diturunkan secara terus-menerus tanpa atau dengan sedikit sekali mengalami perubahan atau dengan kata lain kebiasaan yang sudah menjadi adat dan membudaya. Paham yang semacam ini disebut sebagai tradisionalisme. Ditengarai, tradisionalisme juga ada dalam arsitektur sebagai produk budaya manusia. Gorontalo sebagai kota yang tumbuh pesat selama masa kolonial Belanda menyimpan sejumlah bangunan yang berasal dari masa itu. Bangunan kolonial Belanda juga merupakan bangunan yang tercipta dari kebudayaan bangsa Belanda, baik secara murni, maupun yang sudah dipadukan dengan budaya tradisional, dan kondisi lingkungan sekitarnya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengaruh tradisionalisme dalam arsitektur kolonial Belanda di Kota Gorontalo memang benar-benar ada. Pengaruh tersebut bisa ditemukan dalam hal desain bentuk denah, bentuk bangunan, bentuk atap, bentuk bukaan dan penggunaan ornament pada bangunan
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 79-100; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.161

Abstract:
Title: The significance of the space of kota lama Kupang street according to the informal and formal street vendors The Space at Soekarno Street and Siliwangi Sreet in the Kota Lama Kupang area has existed since the establishment of Kupang city. Since then, this space has developed into a trading area and played important role as economic and social interaction instrument in the life of the people. The long-lasting activities and usage of the space by users, especially by the informal and formal traders indicate how they give meaning to the space. Finding the meaning of street space of Kota Lama will be benefitial in encouraging development sustainability and in contributing thoughts to the parties responsible for the continuing life at Kota Lama Kupang. The aim of this research was to find out the meanings of street space of Soekarno and Siliwangi Streets at Kota Lama Kupang and the underlying terms according to the space users of informal and formal sellers. The research employed qualitative approach with inductive analysis method. The informants were 24 informal sellers and four formal sellers who have been at the space for more than 15 years. The finding of the research was the depth knowledge about the meaning of space according to the informal and formal sellers and the concept underlying their existence. There were two concepts of meanings of the space found, namely living survival and local life unity (community). Both concepts were supported by six themes, namely theme of economy, kinship, togetherness, bonding with the place, gender and annual event. It was concluded that the meaning of Space Street at Kota Lama Kupang was categorized as local meaning. Keywords: meaning of street space, space users, kota lama, Kupang
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 45-56; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.153

Abstract:
Penggunaan energi listrik bangunan di Indonesia didominasi oleh pemenuhan kebutuhan AC. Salah satu upaya untuk mengoptimalkan kinerja AC adalah dengan memperhatikan pola distribusi aliran udaranya. Saat ini, di pasaran terdapat 3 tipe pola distribusi udara AC, yaitu (1) perfect mixing, (2) displacement, dan (3) radiant cooling. Penelitian ini menguji pengaruh tipe-tipe distribusi AC tersebut terhadap konsumsi energi pendinginan dengan metode studi literatur, perhitungan matematis, dan simulasi komputer. Adapun kriteria kenyamanan yang digunakan bersumber dari SNI 03-6572-2001 dengan besaran suhu udara 24oC sebagai titik tuju (setpoint) AC dari kondisi awalnya 28,1oC. Sedangkan perhitungan tingkat konsumsi energi didapatkan dari lamanya waktu mencapai setpoint. Perhitungan menggunakan skema tiga skenario beban kalor diasumsikan menjadi lamanya waktu mesin AC saat jeda (idle), yaitu; (a) beban kalor besar, waktu jeda 30 detik, (b) beban kalor sedang, 60 detik, dan (c) beban kalor kecil, 90 detik. Dengan waktu operasional 300 jam per bulan, hasil perhitungan konsumsi energi pola displacement sesuai skenario adalah; (a) 148,4 kWh/bulan, (b) 116,6 kWh/bulan, dan (c) 96 kWh/bulan. Sedangkan perfect mixing; (a) 160,9 kWh/bulan, (b) 132,8 kWh/bulan, dan (c) 113,1 kWh/bulan, serta radiant cooling; (a) 191,5 kWh/bulan, (b) 180,5 kWh/bulan, dan (c) 170,6 kWh/bulan.Kata kunci: efisiensi energi, pengkondisian udara, pola distribusi udara
ARTEKS : Jurnal Teknik Arsitektur, Volume 3, pp 37-44; doi:10.30822/artk.v3i1.158

Abstract:
Title: Preservation in Architecture Based on Architectural Archetypes Through the Graphic Methods Preservation of cultural heritage is an obligation so that future generations can still enjoy the cultural riches that their predecessor generation has made. In reality, changes occur over time. These changes are sometimes uncontrollable and cause damage to artifacts. They ultimately eliminate the source of discourse and even its characteristics. To maintain cultural sustainability, preservation must be based on the characteristics of the cultural heritage itself. The problem is how to explore and obtain these cultural characteristics so that they can become a foothold in developing further designs. The graphic method for artifacts is one method that helps to explore archetypes, basic characters contained in artifacts in an easier way. This basic character will later become a guideline for the development of a sustainable design. Keywords: preservation, archetypes, graphic methods, sustainable design
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