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Results in Journal Small Business International Review: 37

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Small Business International Review, Volume 4; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.281

Abstract:
This paper identifies and analyses six relevant approaches for the analysis of Sustainable Human Resource Management and Organizational Performance: Resource-Based View, Dynamic Capabilities View, Knowledge-Based View, Behavioral Theory, Human Relations Theory, and Cooperative Systems and Ambidextrous Organizations. They are complementarity approaches. They can all be applied to the analysis of a specific resource or capability for sustainable human resource management (HRM) and, consequently, organisational performance. However, the contributions made by the Resource-Based View and the new approach of Ambidextrous Organizations seem to be the most comprehensive approaches for studying sustainable HRM from an internal perspective of firms that allows the long-term development of their organizational and society performance.
Small Business International Review, Volume 4; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.298

Abstract:
This paper assesses the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on small and medium-sized enterprises in Armenia. The analysis of representative nationwide survey data reveals that as compared with large-company employees, SME employees are more affected by the crisis, having been laid off or having reduced work hours and pay. Logistic regression results show that being employed by an SME doubles the likelihood of layoff and pay reduction. There is also support for the hypotheses that employees in sectors which allow for remote work, e.g., education and information and communication services, as well as those who have medium to high professional qualifications, have been less affected by the crisis. The findings call for more targeted government assistance to SMEs and low-skilled workers.
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 1-17; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.270

Abstract:
El objetivo de esta investigación consiste en caracterizar la capacitación en las empresas lideradas por mujeres y determinar si existe relación con las características de la empresa y la empresaria. Para ello, se aplicó un cuestionario directo estructurado a una muestra de 272 empresarias de la Ciudad de México. Los principales hallazgos del análisis exploratorio realizado muestran que la mayoría de las empresarias consideran importante la capacitación, sin embargo sólo la mitad se han capacitado, siendo el promedio anual de horas de capacitación 45. Además, únicamente una tercera parte ha implementado programas de capacitación para sus empleados y las acciones de capacitación han sido principalmente en áreas operativas o de producción. Se ha encontrado también una relación significativa entre algunas características de las empresas y empresarias y la capacitación
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 39-52; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.246

Abstract:
The Europe 2020 Strategy is aimed at making the EU into a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy by 2020. This Strategy has to promote environmental policies and economic opportunities. Back in 2007 Italy was performing slightly below average and way below the most advanced EU Member States as far as percentage of green energy of the total energy produced in Italy. Measures were taken and though the Italian regulation around green energies has been hectic though effective. Italian legislation recently passed will put emphasis on the relevance of a Green Power strategy by guarantying an attractive minimum price per Kw produced through clean and environmental friendly sources, notably from Wind energy sources. Within the sector a new area is grafting attention: the mini wind farms. The Trentino Alto Adige region in Northern Italy has taken particularly profit of the national legal framework and has develop a further regional frame that has placed the region on top of the Italian green energy production charts. The local idiosyncrasy is making of the mini wind farms a case study
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 30-38; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.254

Abstract:
Sustainability in recent years has gained momentum as a business model, given the challenges facing the economy and society. Small and medium‐sized hotel companies have begun to apply new management systems based on sustainability, seeking a dual objective, on the one hand to differentiate themselves from their competition and reach growing market niches, on the other hand to have a more efficient and less polluting business model. When implementing this sustainable management, they also face challenges in its application, such as its lack of regulation by institutions and large investments in innovation. We will carry out an OLS model to identify the internal elements that characterize ecological hotels, and these management systems are being effective for SMEs in Barcelona (Spain)
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 53-66; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.279

Abstract:
La pandemia actual -COVID19- ha llevado a muchos gobiernos a tomar medidas drásticas en respuesta a la crisis de salud global. Las medidas de bloqueo como respuesta a la crisis han frenado aún más las actividades económicas a nivel mundial. En este contexto destaca la importancia del papel de los emprendedores para acelerar la recuperación económica. Este trabajo se centra en analizar cómo los emprendedores enfrentan la situación causada por la COVID-19 a través de un estudio cuantitativo con una muestra de 236 emprendedores españoles ubicados geográficamente en la Región de Murcia. Los resultados muestran cómo los emprendedores han tenido que adaptarse a estas nuevas circunstancias enfrentándose a desafíos como la necesidad de digitalización, la falta de financiamiento, la disminución del capital humano o la percepción de nuevas oportunidades que se conviertan en negocios viables.
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 18-29; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i2.265

Abstract:
Almeria's horticulture has experienced extensive growth that is sustained by the main macroeconomic variables: an acceleration of the agricultural income, broadly-speaking, a positive commercial balance throughout the first quindenium of the century and a GDP that on the whole represents the 16.69% of that accounted by all the province, without taking the agricultural auxiliary industry into account. This trend leads to an asymmetric process of deagrarianization which registers the whole of the Spanish economy and acts as a source of competitive plus point in comparative terms with the development of the social welfare of its territory. A linear regression analysis crosses two variables to assess the degree of coincidence that exists between the growth registered by Almeria's horticulture industry and the quality of life of its citizens. On the one hand, the productivity of the sector is used (average in tonnes of production per hectare) whilst, on the other hand, per capita GDP -because economic growth theories go against GDP as an indicator of social welfare. There is evidence that GDP per capita follows a parallel or symmetrical pattern to the citizens' perception of happiness. It has been categorically confirmed that the horticulture industry of Almería intervenes as a competitive advantage through its productivity, as it stands above all as a long-term determinant of the standard of living of any territory
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 69-87; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i1.221

Abstract:
El análisis de la literatura especializada en la educación empresarial permite ver las dudas existentes en torno a su validez y la dificultad de comparación y generalización de los resultados obtenidos por las investigaciones previas sobre esta educación, al no existir un consenso en su definición y terminología. Por tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es establecer y delimitar una definición que integre las diferentes perspectivas existentes en la literatura previa y se consiga, de este modo, un lenguaje unificado que contribuya a definir programas formativos que alcancen los objetivos deseados, aumenten las intenciones empresariales y mejoren las competencias empresariales
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 1-15; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i1.236

Abstract:
The purpose of this article is to study the effect of family ownership and family generation on financial literacy. To do that, we have analysed a sample of 195 Spanish family businesses, reaching the conclusion that the level of family ownership exerts a negative influence on financial literacy. On the other hand, as family generations advance, financial literacy is favoured. This study benefits professionals and entrepreneurs, since they could, through a series of guidelines, improve financial literacy and, with it, the viability of their respective firms
Small Business International Review, Volume 4, pp 16-33; doi:10.26784/sbir.v4i1.243

Abstract:
This study aims to systematically review the key characteristics and issues in Corporate Social Responsibility among Small and Medium Enterprises (CSRS) research. The Systematic Assessment Quantitative Technique (SQAT) developed by Australian researchers, Catherine Pickering and Jason Antony Byrne, was used to identify and analyse 62 peer-reviewed CSRS articles from six high quality academic databases. Most of the studies took place in Europe and Asia while South America has been largely ignored. A significant number of CSRS research were empirical in nature, meaning that there is a need for more conceptual studies to aid the understanding of new CSRS norms and underlying factors. Additionally, CSRS articles focused mainly on identifying the various ways SMEs are implementing CSR. Finally, most CSRS articles adopted a single research method, with survey being the most dominant method. There is a need for future studies to combine a variety of methods so as to gain additional insight into CSRS related issues
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