Refine Search

New Search

Results in Journal Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences: 373

(searched for: journal_id:(1556052))
Page of 8
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Amanda Baracho Trindade Hill, Antonio Alexandre Speri Alves, Rodrigo Da Silva Nunes Barreto, Fabiana Fernandes Bressan, Maria Angelica Miglino, Joaquim Mansano Garcia
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 20, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2021.20.556028

Abstract:
Introduction: Female infertility is a condition that is currently treated through the maximization of existing reserves; a necessity due to the fact that a true reversal of the processes leading to infertility is not yet technologically possible. This experiment examined the ability of mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into primordial germ cells (PGC) when cultured onto the placental scaffold. Methods: To produce the scaffolds, the cotelydons were collected and decellularized by umbilical vessel SDS perfusion. Adipose derived cells were isolated based on rapid adherence to the plastic. Results: The isolated cells displayed the markers CD90 and 105, while lacked CD34 and CD45. When seeded onto the scaffold, the cells successfully differentiated into PGC like cells, displaying typical PGCs markers, including STELLA, OCT4, DAZL and VASA. Discussion: These materials were chosen for their low cost and wide availability. The data in this study show the promising potential of cell-scaffold complex to support the development of female tissue engineering-based regenerative medicine therapies.
Alicia García Falgueras
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 20, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2021.20.556027

Abstract:
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a molecular technique more suitable for accurate diagnoses because of its specificity in targeting and identifying specific pathogens. PCR technique is reliable to detect the genetic presence of the virus in the host since the very beginning of the infection, no matter how the immune system of the person might react. Moreover, the samples for the test contains the DNA information during quite a long time since the extraction. Programmable thermal operation cycler for controlling heating and cooling is the procedure to denaturation into two single strands, annealing and extension reactions of the DNA. The PCR is certainly having a clinical approach, because do not emphasized on how the immune system of the patient might reacts to the infection, only on whether the specific virus is present or not for the accurate diagnoses and subsequently proceed with an appropriated medical treatment to restore health.
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 19, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2020.19.556024

Abstract:
Macrofungi (mushrooms) have widely been appreciated all over the world for their nutritional values and medicinal properties. They have been used in traditional medicine for more than 3000 years for prevention and treatment of different diseases. Modern scientific research shows that mushrooms are producers of a broad spectrum of high- and low-molecular-weight bioactive compounds, i.e., alkaloids, polysaccharides, proteins, phenolics, terpenoids, polyketides, cyclic peptides, lectins and ribosome-inactivating proteins. They have various therapeutic effects as antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-tumorous, antiviral, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, hypocholesterolemic, hypotensive, immunomodulatory, neuroprotective and regenerative, and possess promising pharmacological potential. Development of fungal biotechnological cultivation industry will support production of mushroom-derived biotech products, healthy food and mycopharmaceuticals pharmaceuticals. Further advances in fungal biology and biotechnology, genomics and proteomics will assist biomedical research and application of macrofungi.
Pittella F, Gualberto Acm Valle Abcs, Gualberto Acm
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 19, pp 116-121; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2020.19.556022

Abstract:
After twenty years of short interfering RNA (siRNA) research, RNA interference (RNAi)-based medicines are emerging as a novel class of drugs since the recent approval of Onpattro® and Givlaari® by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). RNAi is a post-transcriptional gene regulatory process in which one of its molecular effectors is a silencing inducer: the siRNA. Since the description of this pathway, several research groups are searching for therapeutic applications of siRNA against diseases with overexpressed genes. Many challenges came across and strategies to improve siRNA stability and delivery were developed. Nevertheless, higher efficacy, safety and successful delivery are still some of the challenges to be overcome. In this mini review, we are presenting some of the biological barriers for effective siRNA delivery as well as an update of the current progress in RNAi-based medicines in phase III clinical trials.
Omar Pérez, Juan E. Miño, Agustín García, Erenio González
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 18, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2019.18.555998

Anca Stefania Mesaros, Aranka Ilea, Adela Cristina Lazăr, Andreeas-Vasile Bojor, Georgeta Victoria Inceu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian, Anida-Maria Băbțan, Nausica Bianca Petrescu, Adina Bianca Boșca
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2019.17.555969

Mohammad Sarwar Mir, Neelam Kotwal, Sunil Kumar, Monika Malhotra, Pankaj Kumar
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2019.17.555968

Mohammad Sarwar Mir, Neelam Kotwal, Sunil Kumar, Monika Malhotra, Pankaj Kumar
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2019.17.555967

Yin Ting Yeh
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555965

Abstract:
Blood is the most complex fluid in the body. Blood contains a large number and variety of cells and molecules. When viruses infect a host, biomarkers of the viral infections are rare. Thus, it is hard to detect in blood. Recently, Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) has been shown to be promising in infectious disease detection. SERS provides a sensitive, rapid, and non-invasive approach to virus detection. Several studies have demonstrated the use of SERS in detecting various types of infectious diseases. In this report, we briefly review recent advances in the detection of infectious diseases by using SERS.
Shyamapada Mandal
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555964

Abstract:
The global clinical medicine, on facing the bacterial antibiotic resistance emergence problem, is at the antibiotic invention crisis. The bacterially (good commensal bacteria) formed bacteriocins (which are non-toxic as well as non-immunogenic and bacterial resistance to which is deemed weak), hardly produce adverse effect on the host, and potentially impede and evade the infection with antibiotic resistant pathogenic bacteria (ARPB), in humans. This unlocks an improved vista in developing novel treatment regime utilizing the ‘acquiescent to bioengineering’ bacteriocins to be useful alone in place of antibiotics or in combination with antibiotics.
Khadiga Ahmed Ismail, Yousry Abdel-Hameid Hawash, Ahmed Mahmoud Khalifa, Osama Mahmoud Khalifa
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555963

Abstract:
Regeneration of lost human tissue is well known, the research on regenerative medicine has gained scientific advancements. The growing understanding of biological concepts in the regeneration of ocular tissues as well as experiments on stem cells result in shift in the treatment of corneal diseases. Stem cells have been successfully isolated from variety of human tissues including mesenchymal tissues. Initial evidence from several studies has documented the likely breakthrough that stem cells offer for various life-threatening diseases that have so far defeated modern medical care. So, this research aimed to study the role of stem cells in treatment of Acanthamoebic corneal ulcer
Diaz-Martinez Emmanuel
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555962

Abstract:
Regenerative medicine, an emerging area of health, is currently being explored in depth and could have a tremendous impact on improving the quality of life of the world’s population. The study of molecular mechanisms of Stem Cells has evidenced its regenerative properties, at the same time, the maturation of the precise gene-editing technology (CRISPR/Cas9), has made it possible to manipulate key regenerative properties such as self-renewal and the controlled release of trophic factors, allowing to improve the natural regenerative process in situ, among mammalian organisms.
Corbett M, Chapman L, O’Shea J, Hatton S, Slattery N, O’Connor M
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555961

Abstract:
On a day-to-day basis and on call, Non-Consultant Hospital Doctors (NCHDs) in University Hospital Limerick carry out a variety of procedural tasks that are required for the diagnosis and management of patients on the wards. In an ideal hospital environment, the equipment for every routine procedural task would be readily available, easily accessible and have consistent stocking between wards. Isolated incidents and case reports have identified delays in investigations and management, or waste of hospital resources due to inadequacies of stocking available on the wards. This audit sought to quantify the frequency and modality of stocking issues arising over a single week in a cohort of interns in University Hospital Limerick.
Ronald L Huston
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555959

Abstract:
The accompanying figure outlines elements of cell biology which can go awry during cell duplication and division [1,2]. If a duplication problem occurs, the cell often dies. But on occasion the problem can lead to uncontrolled duplication, tumorigenesis, and even cancer [3]. The duplication problem occurs with geometric distortion or over-duplication of centrioles – small perpendicular hollow cylinders lying adjacent to the cell nucleus [4]. The Figure 1 shows how this over-duplication occurs, a cancer cell is created and then how the resulting cancerous tumor can be treated by nanoparticles.
Vinod Nikhra
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555960

Abstract:
‘The Obese-Obese World’: The obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are a global epidemic of such magnitude that the today’s health scenario can be summed up as the ‘Obese-obese World’*. Obesity and MetS deteriorate quality of life and alter course of various chronic diseases, and on their own, are risk factors for diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and stroke, neurological degenerative diseases and cancers. Modern day lifestyle drives for excess calorie intake, comparatively reduced energy expenditure and storage of surplus energy in adipose tissue, an accentuated evolutionary need to fill body nutrients stores, leading to obesity, appended by pathophysiological alterations termed MetS.
Atif Amin Baig, Maira Siddiqui, Hareem Ayub, Rabia Hameed, Muhammad Ilyas Nadeem, TengkuAriff Mohammad, Nordin Simbak, Ahmad Zubaidi A Latif, YasrulIzad Abubakar
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555958

Abstract:
Obesity is currently one of the most common health issues that is increasing day by day, and nearly 30% of world population is overweight or obese. More than 60% of global disease burden will be attributed to chronic disorder associated with obesity by 2020 according to WHO. Obesity is also a cause of many non-communicable diseases (NCD) due to which globally 60-70% deaths occur. Pakistan being the 9th most obese nation in the world suffering from its epidemic, affecting all age group, especially in children and females as compared to men and its ratio will be doubled in coming years due to high carbohydrate intake and physical inactivity and other environmental factors. Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics which represent a unique approach in nutrition research, combining the application of powerful functional genomics technologies and play an important role in development and treatment of obesity and these preventive measures are required at the population level to control this global health issue.
Mirta D’Ambra
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555956

Abstract:
Burkitt’s lymphoma is a neoplasm that usually affects children and adolescents, in adults it is usually related to HIV. It is considered to be highly malignant due to its rapid replication capacity. If it is detected in early stages, it may have a high degree of remission with chemotherapy, but in cases of late detection, survival is very short. One of its complications is tumor lysis with renal failure and the physio pathological changes that this implies, for example, edema, such as the case presented.It is always important to remember that a good clinical history, a complete physical examination are the pillars of a medical assessment, associated with complementary laboratory tests, cabinet, biopsy, among others, can get to obtain quick and accurate diagnoses that allow treatment initiation timely in order to preserve and improve the quality of life of patients.
Sudarshana Datta
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555957

Abstract:
The 30th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference 2018 held in sunny San Diego, California, was replete with surprises. The landmark COAPT trial was a clear home run, showcasing that transcatheter mitral valve approximation using the MitraClip, on a background of maximally tolerated guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) was superior to GDMT alone in the reduction of Heart Failure (HF) hospitalization and mortality in symptomatic heart failure patients with grade 3-4+ Mitral regurgitation (MR).
Susheelkumar V Ronad, Chetan S Patali, Suvarna C Patali
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555955

Abstract:
Psychological trauma is a sort of harm to the mind that happens because of an extremely troubling occasion. Injury is regularly the after-effect of a staggering measure of pressure that surpasses one’s capacity to adapt, or incorporate the feelings required with that experience [1]. An awful accident includes one’s understanding, or rehashing occasions of being overpowered that can be encouraged in weeks, years, or even a long time as the individual battles to adapt to the prompt conditions, in the end prompting genuine, long haul negative outcomes [2-5].
Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555954

Abstract:
Attention of people is focused on the rain rather than the damage that can be caused by lightning. However, median lethal dose of electric current has been reported to be very low. In view of this, literatures were assessed for determination of the frequency of sound, power and energy that originated from lethal thunderstorm. Frequency of about <4-260Hz and above, and energy of 5 x 103 - 1010 J from 1 stroke can kill human being, animal or damage objects severely. But generally, the range of frequency, power, current, voltage and energy from thunderstorm and lightning that can kill vary according to location, time and distance.
Fehim Findik
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555953

Abstract:
Due to their superior electrical and thermal conductivity and mechanical properties, metals are used as biomaterials. Some metals are used as an alternative to hard tissue replacement, such as total hip and knee joints. Some metal alloys are used for active roles in devices such as vascular stents, catheter guide wires and cochlear implants. “Vanadium steel” used as a base metallic alloy for human use for bone fracture plates and screws. Most metals (eg Fe, Cr, Co, Ni, Ti, Nb and Mo) are used for alloys used to make implants, which can only be accepted by the body in small quantities.
Amany M Basuny
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555952

Abstract:
Jojoba Oil health benefits includes reducing signs of premature aging, an excellent moisturizer, helps fade stretch marks, helps fight fungal, helps minimize breakouts, prevent razor burns and bumps, help speed up wound healing, can help prevent chapped lips, stimulate hair growth, assisting managing psoriasis and eczema, aid in healing sunburns, and helps treat dry scalp. If you’ve ever used any kind of cosmetic product, chances are it contained some sort of Jojoba oil extract. Jojoba oil is extracted from the seed of the Simmondsia chinensis (or simply Jojoba plant), a shrub that grows in regions of California, Arizona and northern Mexico. Jojoba oil is not a recent discovery, as there is evidence that the Native Indians living in these regions used Jojoba oil centuries ago to treat wounds and numerous other ailments. It is also interesting to note that Jojoba “oil”, is not really an oil, but rather a liquid wax. This separates it from other common oils in the sense that they have high triglyceride content, which contributes to their instability (or explains why they go rancid very fast). Notable exceptions are coconut and castor oils, which have high triglyceride content but are extremely stable as well.
Neetu Saini
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 17, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.17.555951

Abstract:
Alteration in neurogenesis plays a vital role in etiology of brain disease, including mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a key regulator of neural survival, growth and plasticity involved in emotional and cognitive function. It is a well-known neurotropic factor which is involved in neurogenesis process. BDNF is highly vulnerable to stress. Various evidences show a negative impact of the stress hormone glucocorticoids (GCs) on differentiation and survival of neurons, which is also related to the pathophysiology of brain diseases. This review article has demonstrated functional interactions between neurotropic factors and stress hormone in neurogenesis.
Anamika Sharma
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555949

Abstract:
Deformities of the alveolar process discovered during mucogingival procedures can present surgical dilemmas which may seriously affect the outcome of treatment Fenestration and dehiscence are localized defects of the cortical bone which covers the teeth. Etiologic factors include developmental anomalies, frenum attachments, orthodontic tooth movement, periodontal and endodontic pathosis, trauma from occlusion, tooth size, and tooth position. The present report describes a case of alveolar dehiscence in relation to maxillary canine encountered three months following diode laser depigmentation
Leonardo Milella
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555950

Abstract:
The procedures of hemodynamic diagnostic and interventional cardiology require anesthesia care with general anesthesia in most cases with extubation and wake up of the patient at the end of the procedure This anesthetic protocol is applied to a patient population scheduled for routine procedures and / or urgency; anyway for particular cases and particular hemodynamic procedures dedicated anesthetic procedural thecniques are required.
Leonardo Milella
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555948

Abstract:
This anesthetic protocol is applied to a patient population scheduled for routine procedures and / or urgency; special cases and special surgical procedures require dedicated care procedures. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery, with or without the use of extracorporeal circulation (CEC), as per protocol are rarely extubated in the operating room. In recent years there have developed anesthetic techniques of fast track anesthesia which however provide for a restoration of spontaneous breathing nently post-operative period with an extubation in the first four hours after the end of the surgical procedure. The use of sugammadex turns out to be of great help in all those doubtful cases where lack of or inadequate return of spontaneous ventilation is difficult to prove as related to depth of anesthesia and / or neuromuscular blockade, or to causes related to the disease, to the surgical procedures or cardiovascular conditions of the patients.
Soto Romero G, Escriba C, Acco P, Campo E, Fourniols Jy
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555947

Abstract:
If we refer to the latest studies on the use of artificial intelligence in health applications [1], we notice that different algorithms and software have been developed and tested in order to compare the results obtained between a human diagnosis and one given by a machine. As an example we can mention the recent competence in China in the diagnosis of brain tumors in which the Biomind system surpassed 87% of correct diagnoses to a group of surgeons, who achieved 66% (out of 225 cases studied, in 15 ‘against 30 ‘respectively)[2].
Udo Ej, Abba Am, Abdulhamid Y, Mudassir I
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555946

Abstract:
A study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of Allium sativum (garlic) and Carica papaya (pawpaw) with respect to growth and PCV value in Eimeria tenella infected broiler chicks. A total of 36 chicks (21 day old) were randomly divided into 9 groups (Group 1-9) of 4 chicks each. All the groups were infected with 5100 viable sporulated oocysts of Eimeria tenella orally except G7 and G8 which served as control. G1 and G2 were treated with supplement of Allium sativum at 10 and 5 ml/L, respectively, G3 were treated with aqueous garlic + pawpaw extracts at 10ml/litre in drinking water. G4 and G5 were treated with supplement of Carica papaya extracts at 10 and 5 g/L, respectively. G6 was treated with Amprolium at 1.25 g/L (+ve control) while G9 was Eimeria tenella infected chicks and non-treated (isolated positive control). Data collected were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) at P<0.05 level of significance.
Ravi Kant Upadhyay
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-26; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555945

Abstract:
Animal venoms possess variety of toxins/proteins/peptides which act as ionic channel inhibitors and target vital physiological processes. Toxin peptides isolated from honey bee, wasp and scorpion show membrane binding, growth inhibition and strong cytolytic properties. These also inhibit angiogenesis and induce caspase-dependent apoptosis in melanoma cells through the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway protecting the experimental animals against tumor development. These toxin peptides exert cytotoxic effects on human oral cancer cells by inducting apoptosis via a p53-dependent intrinsic apoptotic pathway. These can be used as cancer therapeutic agents by loading them in liposomes. This lead to increase in their target specificity against cancer cells, shorten cell survival, and produce higher reactive oxygen species (ROS), and does enhancement in the number of apoptotic cells. In addition, toxins enhance G0/G1 enrichment upon treatment of cancer cells. Further, encapsulated honey bee, wasp and scorpion venoms exert much potent anti-cancer effect on many cancer cells lines.
Mihir Y Parmar
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555943

Abstract:
Alpha 1-Antitrypsin (AAT) insufficiency is the most common genetic cause of hepatic disease in children and genetic disease for which children undergo hepatic transplantation. It also causes cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in adults. Mutant Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Z molecule undergoes polymerization in the endoplasmic reticulum and that a subpopulation of Alpha Antitrypsin deficient individuals may be susceptible to hepatic injury because they also have a trait that reduces the efficiency by which the mutant Alpha Antitrypsin Z molecule is degraded in the endoplasmic reticulum.
Atif Ab, , Tengku Ma, Alshajrawi Om, İlyas Mn, Rao Sk, Majid L, Zubaidi Ab, Nordin Bin Simbak
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555944

Abstract:
With the steadily growing number of studies in the issues related to obesity research, it is proven, that obesity might be related to wide number of body disorders, some of these disorders have been already studied and investigated, and some still needed more investigations, which has opened new horizons to unlimite hypotheses about involvement of obesity in many physiological disorders. In the current opinion, we hypothesized to the conclusion that there is a correlation between obesity severity and elevated cfDNA levels in the circulation. This correlation is based on free radicals and oxidative stress hypothesis of cellular and molecular damage in cell injury, which in turn leads to a disorder in the whole body and enhances the inflammatory status.
Tariku Simion
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555942

Abstract:
Nearly every cell in a person’s body has the same DNA. Most DNA is located in the cell nucleus, but a small amount of DNA can also be found in the mitochondria. DNA was thought to be a simple molecule, consisting of nucleotides strung together like beads on a string.By the late 1940s biochemists knew that DNA was a very long polymer made up of millions of nucleotides. DNA is made up of two strands and each strand of the original DNA molecule serves as a template for the production of the complementary strand, a process referred to as semi conservative replication. Cellular proofreading and error-checking mechanisms ensure near perfect fidelity for DNA replication. DNA usually exists as a double-stranded structure, with both strands coiled together to form the characteristic double- helix.
Amit Kumar Bhunia
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555941

Abstract:
In this article I mainly focused about different symmetry offers by different kind of flowers surrounding us. I discuss the symmetry of Euphorbia milii, the crown of thorns, Christ plant, or Christ thorn, the Ixora coccinea, the Catharanthus roseus, Coccinia flower, Duranta erecta, Barleria cristata and Adenium flower, Murrayapaniculata commonly called range jessamine. The image of all flower is taken surrounding the midnapore town, West Bengal, India.
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555940

Abstract:
The experiment was conducted during 2017 at the compound of Hawassa University in the College of Agriculture, Southern Ethiopia during off cropping season. To investigate the performance of different mung bean varieties on response of different growth parameters such as Specific Leaf Area, Leaf area ratio, net assimilation rate, and Relative growth and total dry Biomass. Three mung bean cultivars were grown in randomized complete block design with three replications. The objective of the study was to assess the performance of mung bean cultivars in relation to growth parameters and to estimate the analysis of growth characteristics using the primary values generated from these cultivars. Data were specific leaf area ratio, leaf area ratio, net assimilation rate, relative growth rate and above ground biomass.
Mubashar Mashqoor Mir
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555936

Abstract:
A total of 200 patients studied. Acne severity was graded using Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) after the clinical diagnosis. All the patients went through self-administered questionnaire of Cardiff Acne Disability Index (CADI) to fill out, to assess the reflection of patients’ experiences and perceptions.Out of 200 patients, 114(57.0%) were females and 86 (43.0%) were males. The maximum number of patients was in the age group of 16-20 years (142/200, 71%). Out of total 86 males, 50 (58.3%) had moderate to severe acne, whereas 62 (54.38%) females had such a severe acne. 50.87% (58/114) of females had high CADI scores in comparison to only 27.9 (24/86) of males. The impact on quality of life was more in the age-group of 21-30 years even though in this age group clinical severity of acne was mild to moderate only.
Singh Ab
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555938

Abstract:
Allergy is defined as an exaggerated response of the adaptive immune system typified by immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses against the offending substance called ‘allergen’ [1]. The immunologic basis of allergic diseases is observed in two phases: sensitization and development of memory T and B cell responses along with IgE production [2]. Allergy manifests in form of various conditions such as anaphylaxis, urticaria, angioedema, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, allergic asthma, serum sickness, allergic vasculitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, atopic dermatitis (eczema), contact dermatitis and granulomatous reactions, as well as the colorful spectrum of food or drug - induced hypersensitivity reactions [2]. Asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and inhalant sensitization have been appropriately referred to as first wave of the epidemic of the 21st century [3,4]. During the last 60 years, there has been a rise in the epidemic prevalence of allergic disorders, which is expected to reach up to 4 billion in 2050s [5].
Tong-Zheng Hong
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555939

Abstract:
Pattern identification is the key concept of the traditional Chinese Medicine theories, which unfortunately cannot apply to extra acupoints for the lack of Yin-Yang. However, the recent studies suggest that extra acupoints selected in combination with traditional acupoints on the traditional fourteen meridians for anesthesia in surgical operation are marking the beginning of a new chapter and indicate more and more extra acupoints will be discovered.
Madhuri Patel
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555937

Abstract:
There is serious amount of time and efforts involved in clinical research industry supporting the drug development process with the project management tool. The question arise is, is clinical trial project? Clinical trial has defined beginning and end, no matter whether it will continue for several months to 10-15 years. The finance and human resources for conducting those trials are finite It is quite healthy to handle clinical trial as a project which makes management well defined and structured. The deliverable of every clinical trials is unique, but it can be defined as result. clinical trial is always characterized by its progressive elaboration and a well-prepared clinical trial protocol (CTP) is an example of a step of development. Managing clinical trial required efficient trial management, whatever the size and complexity it is. For the past three decades, industry has invented and reinvented the trial management wheel. To improve the successful and timely delivery, it is time to produce standard trial management guidelines.
Lamrot W Mariam
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555935

Abstract:
Although taro is widely grown in Ethiopia, it is one of the underutilized crops which is a good source of carbohydrate and minerals. This experiment was conducted to explore the effects of taro varieties and blending ratios on proximate compositions, anti-nutritional factors and sensory qualities of taro-wheat composite bread. Three levels of taro verities (Danu No34, Kiak No33 and local), three levels of blending ratios (10g, 20g and 30g of taro in 100 g of control wheat flour were used and the treatments were factorial arranged in complete randomized design with three replications. Blending with Danu No34, Kiak No33 and local varieties had reduced moisture content to 4.42%, 3.85% and 3.78% respectively as compared to the moisture content (5.2%) in the control (100% wheat bread). Similarly, protein content dropped to 31.1%, 27.87%, 30.28% from 36.79%,crude fat content, 5.05%, 5.31% and 4.34% from 5.4% and energy 407.54 kcal/100g, 410.07 kcal/100g, and 405.73 kcal/100g, from 421.63 kcal/100g, increased iron content 69.01mg/kg/, 87, 98mg/kg and 97.92mg/kg from 52.40mg/kg, crude fiber content increased to 3.48%, 2.32% and 3.31% from 2.67% and utilizable carbohydrate content increased to 62.59%, 63.74% and 62.73% from 52.30%.
Bhunia Ak
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555934

Abstract:
From the ultimate decade, nanoscience and nanotechnology have been multiple explored for wide studies in medical science. The bodily principles vital a few contemporary biomedical programs of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are inspected. Starting from basic magnetic concepts of MNPs which are responsible for biomedicine, and drawing on examples from biomedicine, the relevant physics of MNPs and their responses to implemented magnetic fields are inspected. This mini review discusses about the different responsible properties for biomedicine and the various biomedical applications of MNPs as reported by the different researchers.
, Ibrahim A Mashaly, Mohamed Abd El-Aal, Baedaa A Mahdee
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555933

Abstract:
The present study provides a detailed description of the phytochemical analysis, physiological features and biological activities of four selected plant species, namely Calligomum polygnoides subsp. comosum and Nicotiana glauca collected from the coastal desert in the Delatic Mediterranean Sea, as well as Hyoscyamus muticus and pulicaria undulate subsp. Undulata collected from the inland desert in Wadi Hagul and Wadi El-Molaak in the North of Eastern Desert in Egypt. The obtained results showed that, the studied plant species are relatively rich in proximate constituents, elements and bioactive secondary metabolites. Hyscyamus muticus leaves appeared to accumulate ABA in highest magnitude if compared to Nicotiana glauca, Pulicaria undulata subsp. undulata and Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum. Antioxidant enzymes as well as DPPH scavenging activities in leaves of Nicotiana glauca, found to be the highest activity in catalase, perioxidase and polyphenol oxidase as well as antioxidant activity and IC50 as compared to other selected plant species. On the other hand, Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum attained the highest activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and the weakest antioxidant activity with IC50 value (0.29 mg ml-1).
Simon Berkovich
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-2; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555932

Abstract:
You must be humble enough to love, so that you will touch the hearts of others and make them think of you with love. It is better to be forgotten entirely than to be remembered without love [1]. According to the United Nations the word old age is defined an age person as one who is 60years and above. Generally, people above age of 60years are considered as senior citizens. Indian people between 60-75years are categorized as “young old” between 75-85years as “old-old” and people above the age of 85years are classified as “very old” or inferno. There is marked difference in the health needs of these age groups
, Chetan S Patali, Shridhar H Gondbal, Kirankumar Tc, Pankaja Tc, Rajendra Badesgol, Veeresh Nandgaon, Timmapur Rm
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-3; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555931

Abstract:
You must be humble enough to love, so that you will touch the hearts of others and make them think of you with love. It is better to be forgotten entirely than to be remembered without love [1]. According to the United Nations the word old age is defined an age person as one who is 60years and above. Generally, people above age of 60years are considered as senior citizens. Indian people between 60-75years are categorized as “young old” between 75-85years as “old-old” and people above the age of 85years are classified as “very old” or inferno. There is marked difference in the health needs of these age groups
, Pooja Agrawal, Divya Kotagiri
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-6; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555930

Abstract:
Antimicrobial activities of Spinacia oleracealeaf, Zingiberofficinalerhizome, Coriandrum sativum leaf, Allium sativum clove, Aloe vera gel and leaf was carried out against the multi-drug resistant strains using the minimum inhibitory concentration method. The direct TLC bioautography method is performed to identify the bioactive compounds present in the extracts exhibiting the antimicrobial property.All the plant extracts effectively inhibited the growth of pathogenic strains used in the study at a concentration of 250 to 31.25mg/ml. These results provide evidence that the tested plant extracts possess antimicrobial properties which can be tested further in the development of novel antimicrobial agents.
Current Trends in Biomedical Engineering & Biosciences, Volume 16, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.19080/ctbeb.2018.16.555929

Abstract:
Alterations in the radiation-induced micronuclei formation was studied in mice bone marrow treated with 0.5mg/kg body weight (1/500th of the LD50) of cyclophosphamide (CPA) before exposure to 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3Gy of γ-radiation. Irradiation of animals caused a dose dependent elevation in the Micro-nucleated Polychromatic Erythrocytes (MPCE) and Micro nucleated Norm chromatic Erythrocytes (MNCE) in the bone marrow of mice at 24h post-irradiation. Treatment of mice with 0.5mg/kg CPA elevated the radiation-induced MPCE significantly up to 2Gy irradiation and showed a significant decline thereafter when compared to the concurrent sterile physiological saline (SPS) treated irradiated group. The frequency of radiation-induced MNCE also showed a significant elevation after CPA treatment at all exposure doses. In a separate experiment the effect of 0.5mg/kg b. wt. CPA was evaluated in combination with radiation in the Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma bearing mice (EAC). The combination of 0.5mg/kg b. wt. of CPA with 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8Gy of irradiation increased both the Median Survival Time (MST) and Average Survival Time (AST) of the EAC bearing mice when compared with the SPS+ irradiation and the maximum effect was observed in mice that received CPA and 8Gy of radiation. Our study demonstrates that the risk of genomic instability and mutagenesis outweighs the benefit accrued in the tumor bearing mice receiving combination of CPA and ionizing radiation.
Page of 8
Articles per Page
by
Show export options
  Select all
Back to Top Top