Results in Journal Journal of Governance: 103
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Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.13934
This study aims to analyze the implementation of Open Government in Indonesia and the Philippines, where the two countries were part of the founders of the Declaration of Open Government from Southeast Asian countries. In the era of all-technology, the demand for improving the quality of government services is very much needed, given the existence of information technology that can be adopted in governance. So that the request for easy public access in supervising the performance of the Government as well as to combat acts of corruption committed by the Government is an obligation that the Government must fulfill. This writing uses a literature review from 329 journals. These journals were obtained from Scopus, then downloaded in RIS format. After that, the RIS file is processed in the Vosviewer software. The results of the Vosviewer become a reference in analyzing the data presented regarding Open Government. The results of this study indicate that responding to Open Government requires government data that is transparent, democratic, and the participation of citizens to control and monitor whether the state has implemented open data or not.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14574
The flow of Indonesian labour migration abroad is increasing day by day. This is due to unresolved domestic labour problems. The 2000 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families is the most significant international human rights document addressing the human rights of migrant workers. The legal problem highlighted in this article is how constitutional rights of Indonesian Migrant Workers (PMI) are protected by legal assurances and practice. This is a normative legal research project that explains, investigates, and analyzes the legal protection of Indonesian migrant workers' rights overseas. The discussion results show that legal guarantees and legal protection practices for PMI's constitutional rights abroad are pretty good and are considered advanced because they use the migrant worker protection convention as the paramount consideration, although there are still inconsistencies in applying the rules.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14521
Post-mining land reclamation isgetting more attention from many partiessince it is perceived as a solution for creating more sustainable mining lands in Indonesia. Reclaiming mining land can reduce negative impacts and create more productive lands to generate more economic benefits. Collaboration and innovation from various parties such as the government, communities, private companies, and other stakeholders are needed to achieve this goal. This study explores data and information related to post-mining land reclamation alternatives by applying the concept of collaboration (co-creation) and innovation among stakeholders. The method used in this research is Systematic Literature Review. This method aims to review the relevant literature through a systematic process. There are 11 articles used as a source of literature review, which is grouped based on concepts and discussions following the topics raised in this study. The results of this study are a post-mining land reclamation idea and the concept of collaboration between the stakeholders to realize a sustainable post-mining land reclamation in Indonesia.Keywords: post-mining land; collaboration; innovation; sustainability
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14711
The Indonesian government is currently trying to formulate an appropriate and up-to-date formula for making regulations on mediation and settlement of commercial disputes. This is done by the Indonesian government to support various policies that have been made to ensure legal certainty so that investment develops. Therefore, the authors are interested in bringing up the theme of this scientific article by analyzing comparative studies between Indonesia and Malaysia; The analysis in this article is about the mediation arrangement for the settlement of commercial disputes in Indonesia by comparing with Malaysia to achieve legal certainty and justice. The research method used is normative juridical. The results of the study show that the regulation of mediation for the settlement of commercial disputes in Indonesia as regulated in Law Number 30 of 1999 in substance and structure does not meet legal certainty and justice. Meanwhile in Malaysia, the arrangements for dispute resolution mediation regulated in the Kuala Lumpur Regional Arbitration Center Mediation Regulations and the 2012 Mediation Law (UU 749) have met legal certainty and justice. In the future, the concept of regulating commercial dispute settlement mediation in Indonesia, its substance and structure must meet legal certainty and justice. This scientific article concludes that the concept of regulating commercial dispute resolution mediation in Indonesia must be regulated separately because in substance and structure, mediation and arbitration have different principles. It is preferable that the regulations that will be made in the future must involve various parties related to the business world to produce representative regulations both nationally, regionally and internationally; if necessary, Indonesia becomes an alternative legal model for dispute resolution through mediation.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14143
The purpose of this research is to see how the role of the Indonesian government in handling cases of sexual violence against women. The concepts used are the role and handling of the state and violence and protection of women. The method used is a qualitative approach to data analysis of cases of sexual violence taken from Komnas Perempuan data. The news media analyzed using NVivo 12 Plus software as an easy-to-use application. This study indicates that three factors become obstacles in handling cases of sexual violence, namely legal factors, fear, and inadequate protection. Because sexual violence against women is usually unresolved, resolve by paying a certain amount of money, marrying the perpetrator, imprisoning the perpetrator, and even making peace with the family. At the same time, the state's role is vital in handling cases of sexual violence through legal protection and influencing the justice of all citizens. But in fact, the data obtained shows that the handling and legal protection is still not adequate; women still experience sexual violence. The State of Indonesia uses various ways to handle cases of sexual violence with laws made on the Elimination of Domestic Violence or the Elimination of Sexual Violence. However, this does not become the basis for stopping sexual violence crimes in Indonesia.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14292
Everyone has the right to practice their religion and adhere to their beliefs. Unfortunately, minority sects such as the Shi’a community cannot celebrate their beliefs freely as citizens. They had to hide their identity as Shi’a congregations in order to prevent conflicts and to protect themselves and their families. Against this background, this article aims to examine the strategy of the Shi’a community in Malang City in exercising freedom of religion and belief as a minority religious group in the midst of the Sunni community. This study puts the Shi’a religious group in Malang City as a subaltern that is often discriminated against and excluded socially and politically. This study's data was gathered through interviews and a review of the literature. The selection of research informants was carried out through a purposive sampling technique. By using a qualitative approach with the case study method, this study finds at least three strategies developed by the Shi’a community in Malang City to practice their freedom of religion and belief, namely the Taqiyyah strategy, strengthening the congregation through Huseiniyah recitation, and teaching their children about two different versions of prayer.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14564
The concept of good governance is a reference concept that is recognized as being a good manager of government activities. Governance is governance, administration, or management which can be interpreted as power that is no longer owned or becomes a matter for the government. The purpose of this study was to find out how the governance of the sustainable PSR program in Riau Province is. The research method used is qualitative research with a case study approach. The results of this study show that the governance of the sustainable PSR program in Riau Province has been going well but still has some challenges in its distribution and distribution. The challenges identified in this research are the 2019 Coronavirus disease, human resources, and the increasing price of palm oil.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14556
Pasir Limau Kapas Subdistrict is located in Rokan Hilir Regency, which has interesting tourist destinations but needs to be developed. In particular, Biski Beach tourism, which is visited by many local people and those from outside the area, but in reality, it is still far from what is expected, even though the potential for natural tourism objects is very feasible. A solution is sought. This is an interesting issue to be discussed. Pasir Limau Kapas Subdistrict [Palika], Rokan Hilir Regency, Riau Province, is an underdeveloped, isolated, and outermost area. This position makes welfare an important and major issue. Important and main issues related to welfare include minimal and slow infrastructure development and ambiguous development policies [the average policy issued overlaps and does not support each other related to development in border areas]. Based on various important issues, this study aims first to explain how the development of the border area (Case Study: Biski Beach Tourism Object, Pasir Limau Kapas District, Rokan Hilir Regency). The research approach used is qualitative with a descriptive analysis method. Primary and secondary data were gathered through document reviews, interviews with informants chosen using the purposive sampling technique, and observations and literature reviews.After collecting the data, it was analyzed by means of the Interactive Analysis Model. The theory used in this research is the Theory of Regional Development according to Riyadi (2000). There are three indicators of the success of regional development that can be seen. The first is productivity, the second is efficiency, and the last is community participation, which can ensure the continuity of the implementation of a program in an area. Based on these indicators, it is known that the development of the border area is not optimal.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14567
The position of the military in taking on a political role in Indonesia has changed along with the changing leadership of the state. The dynamics of this change were born because of the pattern of civil-military relations in Indonesia. This civil-military relationship can be created when a concept called "civilian control" occurs. In this paper, we use the theory of civil-military relations according to Samuel Hantington, which is then used to analyze the involvement of the military in supporting Indonesian political decisions (Huntington, 2000). In this study, we used qualitative research methods.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14710
Indonesia is a country that is prone to natural disasters, especially floods. This disaster usually hits Indonesia during the rainy season. This hurts human life, the economy and the environment. This paper aims to examine collaborative governance implementation in flood management that occurs in the Greater Bandung area. The research method used is a literature study with qualitative methods. The research location is a flood-prone area, namely 4 (four) districts/cities around the Greater Bandung metropolitan area in West Java Province, Indonesia. All of them have a high flood hazard index. In conclusion, sustainable flood management requires the involvement and participation of various stakeholders from the community simultaneously. Flood management in collaborative governance must be carried out with a systematic approach and synergy from multiple disaster management efforts. Therefore, strengthening a sense of crisis, commitment, shared roles and responsibilities, and continuity of cooperation/collaboration in governance networks is needed to maintain effective flood management.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14519
In democratic life, community participation plays a critical role. This is because the ultimate goal of a democracy being built is to create direct public participation. One form of democratic development is through elections. To see community participation in general elections, it can be done through social exchanges. Therefore, this study aims to dissect the social exchange theory perspective of people's participation in democratic life through general elections. Studying social exchanges between the community and political elites is fair. It does not violate regulations—descriptive qualitative research method with primary and secondary data retrieval through sources relevant to the research object. Humans are rational beings who always count the sacrifices and rewards of a situation. In any condition, humans will still think about what benefits they get. In the context of democratic life through elections between the public and political elites, it is seen that social exchanges occur between elites who need help (needs votes) and people who look more at economic benefits and psychological comfort. In this study, the author also reveals mutually beneficial relationships between the elite and the community that lead to social exchanges. Keywords: Social Exchange, Community Participation, General Election, Democracy.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14520
Many cases of fraud that occurred in public and private sectors resulted in losses. There are state and state financial losses in the public sector, while in the private sector, there are also losses arising from a breach of contract in an engagement. Fraud is an act that is against the law and is done intentionally. The impact of fraud and corruption will increase the amount of stolen state money, and the provision of development or investment will be significantly hampered, especially in the case of foreign investment. When issues of fraud in financial statements are discovered, efforts must be made to prevent or minimize the occurrence of such claims. One way to achieve this is to study forensic accounting. By understanding forensic accounting, apart from being reliable in preparing financial reports, it is also claimed to read what is contained in one of these documents. Law enforcement can benefit from the expertise of accountants, particularly those working in forensic accounting, to disclose and provide evidence to support court decisions relating to corruption, as discussed in this paper. In addition, this paper will discuss forensic accounting and forensic auditing and efforts that can be made to prevent corruption and fraud.Keywords: Fraud, Corrupt Practices, Forensic Accounting, Audit.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i3.13499
Populist discourse is notoriously hard to pinpoint, molding itself on a great variety of national circumstances. However, one element always remains present, namely the opposition between the people and the inimical Other. The Other has been a constant for populists as distinct as Juan Peron and Donald Trump. The present article argues that, despite the previous importance placed upon “the people” within the scholarship, the creation of the political self is secondary to the identification of the enemy. As a result, identity, for populists, emerges out of opposition. The most important feature of populist discourse, therefore, is the inimical Other.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14707
The article entitled Waiting for a New Leader Ahead of the 2024 Presidential Election (Reflection on 76 Years of Independence from a Cultural Perspective) is a study of constructive thinking about the political rights of citizens of all ethnic groups in Indonesia to hold power. power in our beloved Republic. Through qualitative research methods with descriptive analysis approach, positive responses from informants through structured and systematic interviews and supporting literature can explain the phenomenon under study. The results obtained through the research show that the government and related state institutions respond to the political rights of citizens to assume the position of President based on the mechanism of democratic principles and rules in accordance with Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. The constitution and ideals of the Proclamation of National Independence by looking at the figure of a candidate for leader without distinction of race , ethnicity and culture
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14535
Taxes play an important role in the functioning of the state, particularly in the implementation of development initiatives. Similar to taxes levied against the federal government, regional taxes play an important role in the performance of state and local government functions. Regional taxes are used for a variety of purposes, including regulation, budgeting, redistribution, resource allocation, and a combination of these. To be considered excellent, a local tax must, in principle, be able to enhance local revenue, which in turn improves the functioning of local government. As a result, initiatives to improve the functioning of local governments through the optimization of local tax collections are discussed in this paper. The descriptive qualitative method is being used in this investigation. It was discovered from the study's findings that a source of funding, which is primarily derived from local revenue (also known as PAD), is required for the implementation of autonomy and decentralization. Local taxes and levies should be used to fund PAD, but the contribution is currently small, accounting for only 16 percent of total PAD. Increased regional income can be achieved by maximizing the intensification of local tax collections and regional levies, which can be done in the case of attempts to improve regional performance, as previously stated.Keywords: Local Tax, Local Government, Performance, Local Revenue (PAD).
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14575
A few decades ago, the internet was only known by a handful of people who did have an interest in the world of technology, especially computers. However, with the increasing years and the times, people's interest in the internet is growing rapidly, even the internet has become an inseparable part of their lives. Now the internet is not only entertainment and information; it has even been used as a medium of business and trade known as Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce). E-Commerce is buying and selling carried out via the internet, which can benefit consumers. Still, on the other hand, sometimes it is detrimental to consumers because they often do not get the protection that provides certainty in a dispute. In the E-commerce business transaction, which is a characteristic of business to business transactions where business actors conduct transactions with fellow entrepreneurs, business-to-consumer transactions are carried out by business actors with consumers themselves. The benefits of E-Commerce transactions for consumers, consumers can make transactions for 24 hours without leaving the house and do not require transportation for selling costs. Protection of E-Commerce consumers is regulated in Law Number 8 of 1999 concerning consumer protection for online transactions or E-commerce. In the Trade Law, the regulated E-commerce trading system stipulates that every person or business entity that trades goods or services must provide complete and correct data and information.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i3.13869
This study explores the implications of adapting new habits to the administration of local government from various dimensions of government management. The main objective of this study is to show that the governance of local government in the new normal era can be productive in fulfilling the needs of the publics through changes in the administration of local government’s functions. This study places the presence of information and communication technology (ICT) as well as restrictions on social interaction in the new normal era, changing the way local government sector works. The approach departs from the main idea of adapting new habits as a conceptual framework to empirically examine changes in the dimensions of local government management which based on several factors, such as content, context, process, change outcomes and leadership. Furthermore, data collection gained through interviews with informants and data analysis are used to confirm the suitability of local government governance. The process is then carried on by formulating the concept of an ideal local government governance changes in the new normal era. The findings of the study show that local government governance system with the old paradigm is ineffective and inefficient for the fulfillment of public rights in the new normal era. For this reason, it is necessary to transform the governance of various dimensions in local government management. As originality/value, what is offered in this study is a modification of the system and working mechanism with a new paradigm for areas that are difficult geographically. This modification can be conducted in several actions, such as developing ICT applications and infrastructure; reorganizing the work system of all management dimensions that are trusted and accountable; increasing bureaucratic capacity and public knowledge; renewing the relationship between government and its people. This idea is relevant to the rapid development of the concept of adaptive governance and the strength of the role of ICT for individual and social activities.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14557
The Bukit Raya District in Pekanbaru City is the first sub-district to implement one of the pillars, namely E-Government, from the realization of the Pekanbaru City Vision, also known as the Smart City Madani concept. The Bukit Raya District Government of Pekanbaru City, based on Pekanbaru Mayor Regulation Number 56 of 2019, has made a transformation in the form of various public service innovations by utilizing the use of IT technology to facilitate services as one of the indicators of the pillars of smart government (Smart Government) with the vision of working hard, being disciplined, creative, innovative, and having an entrepreneurial spirit and spirit. This is intended to create clean governance and the realization of good governance in order to provide quality, fast, precise, cheap, and good public services. The research problem that will be answered is how effective the transformation of public services based on Smart Government is applied in Bukit Raya District, Pekanbaru City. The theory used refers to the opinion of Bryson (2002) about hexagonal services, which rests on the assumption that services that are considered effective must go through a market test in the Service Management System. The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach. Relevant analysis methods are performance analysis techniques, individual experiences, and institutional behavior (Moeleong, 2006; Bugin, 2011). The results showed that the effectiveness of the transformation of public services based on "Smart-Government" carried out by the Bukit Raya District Government in Pekanbaru City was classified as less effective. This is due to, the service management system factor, which has relatively many application menus and makes it difficult for users; limited human resources in the field of information technology; limited smartphone ownership; data and information that is less continuous and transparent about development programs; and others. In addition, the online-based service designs are not supported by a database of community needs, so that people still feel less satisfied, less fluent, and less able to do business. Research recommendations include simplifying the standard standards of smart-government-based public service systems into one internet website application with a comprehensive menu of applications according to the needs of the community.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14127
The COVID 19 Pandemic exposed digitalization as a fundamental aspect to revive the local economy. Fortunately, Indonesia has already shifted towards a 100 Smart City for their Municipalities since 2017.Yogyakarta as one of the best SC, has suffered the impact of pandemic. In the need to explore the phenomenon of how an SC should be implemented within the circumstances, it will be relevant to describe a gap analysis on (1) Yogyakarta SC Project through the dimensions of SG and SE and (2) Strategic Solutions. This paper employed a gap analysis through a qualitative study and it uncovered gaps of the SC project such as central government intervention, sectoral quality of digitalization, and intergovernmental sync. The strategy to eclipse the Cohen SC Wheel are the followings: reinforcing the regulatory capacity, improving the app business process and features, and intensify the formal cooperation, be it inter-governmentally or between public-private.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14573
This study aims to determine the effect of emotional intelligence and work motivation on employee performance with incentives as intervening variables (Case Study on National and Political Unity Agency Employees, Simalungun Regency, Pematang Siantar City). The research method used is the quantitative data method. Data collection in this study was carried out by distributing questionnaires (questionnaires) to respondents. The results of this study are 1) The emotional intelligence (X1) variable has a positive and statistically significant effect on incentives (Z).2) The Variable Work Motivation (X2) has no positive or significant effect on Incentives (Z).3) Emotional intelligence (X1) has a significant effect on employee performance (Y). 4) Work Motivation (X2) has a significant effect on Employee Performance (Y). 5) Incentives (Z) have a significant effect on employee performance (Y). 6) The incentive (Z) is an intervening variable that mediates the effect of emotional intelligence (X1) on employee performance (Y).7 Incentive (Z) is an intervening variable that mediates the effect of work motivation (X2) on employee performance (Y). This shows that emotional intelligence (X1) and work motivation (X2) can explain the incentive (Z) of 88.9%. This shows that the Incentive (Z) Emotional Intelligence (X1) and Work Motivation (X2) can explain Employee Performance (Y) by 65.2%. The author suggests that human resources or employees should prioritize the quality of emotional intelligence in addition to their intellectual intelligence so that there is a balance in terms of achieving good performance. In order for employees' work motivation to increase, the National Unity and Political Agency of Simalungun Regency Pematang Siantar City should increase the level of persistence of employees by paying attention and developing skills in order to advance the agency and improve employee performance. The incentive compensation system that is implemented should generate benefits for both parties, namely the National Unity and Political Agency of Simalungun Regency, Pematang Siantar City, as the provider of incentive compensation, and employees.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14058
This study aims to analyze the implementation of the E-SAKIP Policy in Improving the Performance of the State Civil Apparatus in Sleman Regency during the Pandemic using four components of policy implementation, namely on target, government performance, Human Resources and Communication between Government Agencies implementing the Government Agency Performance Accountability System (SAKIP). which is integrated with the strategic planning system, budget system and government accounting system contained in the Indonesian Presidential Regulation Number 29 of 2014 concerning SAKIP. The research method uses a qualitative descriptive approach. The data collection technique was carried out using the Sleman Regency E-Sakip application data and then Captured through the Ncapture feature in Nvivo 12 Plus to see the implementation of policies in the E-Saki application. The results showed that the implementation carried out by the Sleman district through E-Sakip had been going well even though in the midst of a pandemic the program was running on target. Sleman Regency is one of the districts that received Good accreditation in carrying out performance through E-Sakip. the existence of E-Sakip can have an impact on increasing the performance of the implementation of public policies, programs and activities as well as budget absorption in accordance with the target.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i3.13811
Religion is not only worth the rights, but also the value of the obligations. Violence in the name of religion can never be justified. Secular, symbiotic, or integrated are the choices of state-religion relations. Indonesia is not a secular country, nor is it a religious state, Indonesia is not religious. Religion is the government's business. This article focuses on the lack of worship facilities in Cilegon city other than mosques. This study aims to identify, analyze religious harmony governance in Cilegon city, Banten Province. The methods used are qualitative and descriptive, with in-depth interviews, observations, document studies, and website searches accompanied by triangulation of sources and techniques. The findings do not have the operationalization of regulations and middle ground practices of religious tolerance in Cilegon. The conclusion of governance practices has not been in accordance with the principles of good governance. For example, the establishment is not a negotiable synagogue, so that the toleration practices in de jure state there isn't a worship area, and furthermore, de facto states there is a worship area.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i3.12824
Social media has become part of society; in 2021, citizen Indonesia trends issue of continuity program particular autonomous region of Papua. This research examines what kind of social media supports Papua's continuity, mainly autonomous region programs. This study employed a qualitative method and analyzes data using Qualitative Data Analysis Software (Q-DAS); the toll is Nvivo 12Plus and delivers the value and result using Descriptive way. This research founds that: First, social media Dominated three terms on social media. Second, social media hashtags relation also appears and exits. Third, social media Narratives refer to support the program of a special autonomous region in Papua. Forth, social media dominance with Individual and Ngo. This study has significant drawbacks. This study focused on the use of social media to help Papua's special autonomous area. Some recommendations to the next research is to assist the Papua's special autonomous region program.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14518
Disasters that have occurred in the past should serve as a valuable lesson for those who will come after them. This is the most important factor in determining how prepared a community is. According to common knowledge the city of Palu is one of the cities that is particularly vulnerable to natural disasters due to its geographical location, which is situated between the confluence of two tectonic plates of the Pacific Ocean and Asia, necessitating the need for residents who live in the area to be prepared for such events. As a result, the purpose of this study is to determine the value of studying disaster preparedness from a young age in order to reduce the impact of disasters generated through the use of a spatial education strategy. The descriptive method is used with a qualitative approach in this investigation. The findings indicate that preparedness education should begin at a young age in order to instill a sense of vigilance in kids, rather than a sense of terror. Education in geography, and specifically geography-based disaster preparedness learning materials, is critical to establishing a solid foundation in disaster preparedness learning from a physical and geographical perspective.Keywords: Learning, Preparedness, Geography Education, Students, Disaster.
Journal of Governance, Volume 7; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v7i1.14718
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a form of a company's responsibility to the community and the surrounding environment that are affected by the company's activities. CSR is a familiar term when viewed from a legal perspective, including in Islamic law. So far, there has been no alternative concept of CSR that has been extracted from the values contained in the culture and belief system, including Islamic teachings, even though the values built by each culture and belief aim to achieve community welfare. Based on this, this study aims to find out whether the existing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) concept follows the principles of Islamic law. Has Islam regulated this? So that the activities carried out by the company are of worship value for business actors. This is normative legal research that refers to primary, secondary and tertiary materials. The result of the study is that CSR is contained in the teachings of Islam; Islam has long been building a system of life-based on social principles and justice. Islam strongly supports CSR because it cannot be denied that business creates many unexpected social problems. As a result, it is the responsibility of the company and the company to fix the problem. This is natural because they need to explore various natural resources for business sustainability. Therefore, they must be responsible for the community and the environment in return.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.11994
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12662
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12480
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12126
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12719
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12384
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12700
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.11805
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Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i2.12813
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.11008
The regional elections (Pilkada) of 2020 have been concluded, and could be considered a success. Yet, its implementation cannot be said to be entirely successful, considering the lack of concern of political parties in helping the Government handle the Covid-19 pandemic through their political campaigns. This study intends to discuss political communication carried out by political parties in an effort to raise awareness of preventing the spread of Covid-19 to the public during the 2020 Pilkada in Indonesia. The approach taken is qualitative, collecting data through in-depth interviews, with the subjects comprising of representatives of political parties and political communication experts. The study finds that the bulk of the political campaigns carried out by political parties is focused on winning the elections, rather than on efforts to help deal with Covid-19. Community involvement also tends to be low in the 2020 elections, due to a lack of understanding of digital literacy and reluctance to vote due to a lack of understanding of health protocols.Keywords: health protocols; regional elections; community involvement.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.10288
The term of legitimacy is always central in the political discussion around the globe. The contested explanations about legitimacy regarding the types and the way it is obtained are widely discussed and analyzed including the causes of the crisis of legitimacy and how to maintain the legitimacy. Nevertheless, legitimacy will be in critical if the governed start to probe whether that conferring power is exercised in the right way or not. One of the prominent causes of crises legitimacy is corruption. The venal actors in the legitimate states are often assumed to deteriorate the legitimacy of the countries. This essay, therefore, aims to discuss the impact of corruption toward states’ legitimacy. The discussion of this essay is conducted through library research of some relevant journals and related publications. It evident that corruption affects the political legitimacy which acts as a foundation of political authority.Keywords: legitimacy; corruption; governance; political authority.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.10287
This article is conducted to describe and analyze the local government in handling the Covid-19 outbreak. The spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) has caused various problems in Indonesia. In addition to health issues, Covid-19 has caused economic, social, cultural, security problems, even in the government field. The problem that arises in the field of government that is related to government administration, especially regarding the relations between the central government and regional governments in dealing with the situation of the spread of Covid-19 is associated with decentralized health affairs. The situation of the central government's lack of responsiveness in responding to Covid-19 that has entered Indonesia, which is marked by the emergence of a lot of confusing news, both from the central government and regional governments, has led to various negative actions, chaos even distrust of the community. With these conditions, local governments have an important role in dealing with the Covid-19 outbreak. The raising question will be how are the policies of the regional government in handling this epidemic, but still in line with the instructions of the central government. Local governments and communities have a very vital role in minimizing and handling the spread of the Covid-19 outbreak compared to the central government. There are some shreds of evidence from regions with the red zones areas.Keywords: covid-19 outbreak; local government role; society; policies.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.11019
This article studies the political struggles of local society in South Lebak who want to split from Lebak District. The reasons are ineffective and inefficient public services, abundant natural resource potential, and political dynasty saturation. Therefore, they continue to negotiate their territorial areas. This article attempts to answer how territorial politics works in the process of territorial splits. The results reveal: first, the political elite used the issue of territorial splits for electoral matters. Second, territorial splits are motivated not only by a group of elites in South Lebak or local politicians, but also by the local people's desire for long-term prosperity and exceptionally effective and efficient public services. However, the interests of the local elite groups are more dominant. This study found that there is a link between the interests of society and the local elites.Keywords: decentralization; election; elites; politics of territorial splits; South Lebak.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.9478
Study on village governance and economic development increases in many countries. This article explores village economic development in contemporary Indonesia, which includes one of the national development's priority agendas. Despite several challenges in terms of governance, some villages have proved successful in driving economic development. This article mainly discusses rural governability in enhancing successful economic development in Sanankerto Village, Malang Regency. The research uses a qualitative method with an approach of governability to understand the village's success. The findings show that the more successful a village is, the greater the village's challenge. The successful governance in economic development is significantly relied on the village governance's capability, which consists of environmental and social system supports, a sound governance system, and a participatory, open, and transparent governing relationship between stakeholders. Moreover, the village's new law has significantly given broad authority and budget allocation for economic village development. This article significantly contributes to promoting villages' economic development where adequate governance capacity is an essential factor for achieving it.Keywords: governability; village economy; BUM Desa; development; welfare.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.10858
This study shades light on the legislative structure and practices of Japan and that of Bangladesh with a view to comparing the state of governance of these two countries. This study has been conducted based on purely qualitative approach with content analysis. As per myriad of study legislative practices of Japan is successful to discharge good governance as the economic growth of Japan is termed as miracle. This study find that the legislative practices of Japan incorporated all the values of governance through its provision of two-house diet where lower house preserve substantial power over upper house, floor crossing, responsiveness of the legislatures, and strong role of parliamentary committees. After comparing the legislative practices of Japan with that of Bangladesh, this study basically found distinctions in structure and practiced value. The parliamentarian of Japan can vote against party decision to preserve the national interest while this is restricted in Bangladesh by the constitution. Japanese parliamentarian even prime minister often stepped down from the government confessing their faults. In Bangladesh we can’t even think of it. Although every parliament in Bangladesh forms myriad of committees to oversight the work of ministers but visible and vibrant role of these committees is rare in both in giving policy input and in discharging oversight activities. Bangladesh, a democratic state wants to uphold the principles of good governance, may imitate some legislative principles both from structure and values of Japanese style of legislature.Keywords: legislature; governance; good governance; Japan; Bangladesh
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.10768
The purpose of this research is to know inhibiting factor in e-government implementation in local government. This research was conducted in DPMPTSP West Java using qualitative descriptive methods. E-Government is the use of information and communication technology in the administration of government. The results of the study show that the success of e-government implementation is influenced by inhibiting factors in organizational change. These factors arise from internal and external the organization itself. The use of information technology in licensing services at DPMPTSP West Java through online licensing has been done since 2014. The results of the study show that people prefer to use licensing manually compared to online. This can be seen from the submission of recommendations for the use of KBU space. In 2015 only 11 of the 386 applicants used the online facility. In 2016 only 35 of the 528 applicants used the online facility. In 2017, none of the 551 applicants used the online facility (Karniawati: 2018). First, internal factor. The habit factor from within the DPMPTSP West Java institution is the habits that develop in the environment of the DPMPTSP West Java apparatus. These changes were made to improve service to the people. Effective leadership is needed to revitalize an organization and facilitate adaptation to a changing environment. Second, external factors. These are habits that develop in society. The community prefers to use the services of brokers in processing permits. The provision of online licensing facilities is an effort made by DPMPTSP West Java in eliminating the habit of using brokers. The goal of the online facility was to minimize the occurrence of direct physical contact between the applicant community and officers to avoid collusion. This is an effort to prevent the practice of corruption, collusion and nepotism.Keywords: inhibiting factors; e-government implementation; local government.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.11017
The purpose of this study is to provide a description of the service quality of population documents in Subang Regency. The results showed that the Department of Population and Civil Registration of Subang Regency has several tasks related to the quality of population document services in Subang Regency. In this research, the service function is examined from the first point of view, the dimensions of Transparency of Population documents which are currently carried out with Electronic Signatures are conveyed more openly regarding the requirements that must be met and also the completion time set in accordance with the SOP (Standard Operating Procedure). Second, the accountability dimension, the data contained in the Population Administration Information System (SIAK) has not been well integrated with other institutions, so that in terms of responding to public needs and the ability to service Population Documents through Electronic Signatures is not optimal. Third, the conditional dimension, not prioritizing services to people who need Population Documents for the urgent public interest. Fourth, the Participatory dimension, focused on efforts to organize and accelerate programs in each of the Integrated Service Units, this understanding has not been optimal in improving services to the community. Fifth, the dimension of equal rights, in this case the Population and Civil Registration Service, can minimize discrimination in terms of Population Document services. Sixth, the dimension of the balance of rights and obligations is not optimal because service recipients have not met their needs and supervision that should be carried out by direct superiors is often neglected.Keywords: public service; electronic identity card; e-government
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.10831
The background of this research is the justification of findings in the form of public services in Indonesia in general, which are not good and not satisfactory. The objectives of this research are; 1) testing the level of public satisfaction with the implementation of basic service programs in Sigi Regency (14 indicators), and; 2) testing the level of public acceptance of the implementation of development programs in Sigi Regency (9 indicators). We use a mix-method approach in analyzing the results of public satisfaction and public acceptance to obtain the depth of data and field results. The results showed that the index of public acceptance of public services in Sigi Regency was 3.92, which means that the majority of Sigi Regency people received local government programs simultaneously. Partially, there are three dimensions in the form of program effectiveness, program efficiency, and dimensions of trust concerning the index of public acceptance of public services in Sigi Regency which is below the average score. However, this dimension does not simultaneously affect the level of public trust in public services in Sigi Regency with a total increase of 76.02%. The implication of this research is the existence of alternative strategies for improvement to improve public acceptance (IPM) and public satisfaction (IKM), including efficiency and public trust in the public acceptance index (IPM) framework, as well as safety and comfort within the public satisfaction index framework (IKM).Keywords: public service; public acceptance index; public satisfaction index; Sigi Regency.
Journal of Governance, Volume 6; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v6i1.11155
The purpose of this study is to determine the types of social media platforms used by proponents and opponents of vaccination. This research employs a qualitative approach, analyzing social media hashtag data with Q-DAS (Qualitative Data Analysis Software) and Nvivo 12Plus. This study finds that: First, social media was used to spread both sides' narratives and content. Second, social media relation tends to be quite strong, but the pro-side is stronger than the contra-side. Third, the narration on both sides uses hashtags and a single word to spread the influence. They were used for vaccination issues on two sides of the issue. This research limitation, like this study concentrating exclusively on social media data, excluded digital data like the phenomenon on social media only. The recommendation for the following research is: Try to understand the social movements opposing or promoting vaccination in Indonesia and compare them to other Asian countries.Keywords: vaccine; policy; social media.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.9161
The success of the COVID19 mitigation policy depends on many things, the most important of which is the performance of the government and the trust between fellow citizens in one state entity. This study aims to see people's perceptions of the government's response to the handling of COVID 19. The method used is an online qualitative survey. This national online qualitative survey represents respondents from 6 (six) major islands in Indonesia, namely Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Papua. The results of this research survey are First, 53.4% of respondents expressed dissatisfaction with the government's performance in handling the COVID 19 Pandemic. Second, 50.2% of respondents stated that Anies Baswedan was the governor whose most responsive governor was the COVID 19 Pandemic. Third, 51.1% of respondents stated that the DKI Jakarta Regional Government is considered to be the most responsive local government to COVID 19. Fourth, 46.7% of respondents chose the provision of massive rapid test kits at Puskesmas as the main thing that must be done by the government for better handling of COVID 19. Fifth, 55.9% of respondents stated that the National Government vis a vis BNPN-the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Corona Virus (COVID 19) as the most authorized institution in handling COVID 19.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.8683
This article discusses and analyzes efforts to treat the coronavirus (also known as Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19)) by the governments of China, South Korea, Italy, and Indonesia. To understand the approaches each country takes is very important to get a clear picture of the efforts, steps, strategies, and policies that are formulated and implemented. To analyze COVID-19 cases in the four countries, the governance analysis framework (GAF) approach from Hamza (in Putra and Sanusi 2019) was used. This approach analyzes four aspects: scope map, stakeholder map, process map, and governance map. Articles utilizing a qualitative approach using descriptive analysis research methods. Data collection techniques used are library studies in the form of books, journal articles, online and conventional news, and the websites of authoritative institutions. Several important findings are general and specific, including, first of all, the four countries have the same orientation in handling and controlling the spread of the coronavirus. Secondly, various actors are actively involved in resolving a pandemic starting with the highest leadership of a country, medical staff and nurses, security agencies, researchers, and so on. Third, the four countries take their respective ways in solving the COVID-19 problem, but generally, they do a lockdown in addition to the health approach. Fourth, China and South Korea are considered successful examples in handling COVID19, otherwise not with Italy and Indonesia. The lack of success in Italy and Indonesia is caused by two factors, the lack of seriousness of the government and ignorance of citizens, resulting in slow handling of control and widespread of the deadly coronavirus.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.8971
This article discusses the role of local elites in stimulating community participation in various development programs. As is well known, the Serut Hamlet area in Bantul Regency is fostered by private institutions, while the Blue Lagoon Tourism Village is a village that grows for the benefit of the community's economy. This is where the challenge of empowerment will emerge, namely the many activities that only end in a momentary 'project'. By using a qualitative approach in the form of case studies, our study shows that the contribution of the elite in the empowerment process can be said to be quite large. As it is known, the formal elite, in this case the head of the tourism village management and the hamlet head, are the owners of sufficient power to open and close access to empowerment activities. This is reinforced by the ability of the elite to "care for" the sustainability of activities through various means, namely optimization and mobilization. This elite ability is what makes it a determining factor in the success of community empowerment projects.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.8159
This research explained the role of women in empowerment and improvement of community literacy through waste management in Muntang Village, Kemangkon District, Purbalingga Regency. The subject of this research was a women leader in ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community namely Roro Hendarti. This research used a qualitative descriptive research method. Data collection was obtained through observation, interview, and documentation. Data were analyzed using data reduction, display and verification. The main informant in this study was Roro Hendarti as the leader of ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community, and the secondary informant was community members of Limbah Pustaka. The theory was used in this research was Astuti's (1998) women's role theory which divides women's roles into three, namely productive roles, domestic roles, and social roles. Roro Hendarti's productive role is in her role in empowering the community and the Limbah Pustaka community through the waste bank as well as training activities such as dancing, sewing, handicrafts, and so on. Domestic role is related to her role as a wife and housewife for her husband and children. Meanwhile, the social role is related to her role in increasing community literacy, especially for children in Muntang Village. Furthermore, she also helps improve their environment to reduce plastic waste. This research is expected to produce a good model or design in waste management, and later it can become an example or model for other communities in Indonesia.
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; https://doi.org/10.31506/jog.v5i2.9283
This study aims to investigate the limit of the discretion used in administering governance and the forms of responsibility when legal deviations occur. As a government adhering to the Welfare state, the principle of legality took a maximum role insufficiently in serving the interests of the citizens. The discretion appeared as an alternative to fill the gaps and weaknesses in the application of the principle of legality (wetmatigheid van bestuur). Results showed that the implementation of public service decentralization was motivated by the devolution of power from central to local government. This study applied a purposive sampling technique and was analyzed by descriptive qualitative which began with the process of collecting data, simplifying data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions. The results revealed that the use of discretionary power by Government Officials was only able to be applied in particular cases in which the prevailing laws and regulations did not regulate them, or the existing regulations governing them was not clear and it was in an emergency / urgent situation for the public interest. The guidelines for the use of discretion were the General Principles of Good Governance. Meanwhile, the responsibility for discretionary decisions was classified into two, (1) as a job responsibility, and (2) as personal responsibility. As the job responsibility, if acting for / and on behalf of the position (ambtshalve) which there was no element of maladministration. As personal responsibility, if the use of authority was found an element of maladministration.