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Ida Widianingsih, Riswanda Riswanda, Caroline Paskarina
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9301

Water policy assessment could be multifaceted in nature considering its systemic implications for governance. The context of governing water is constantly changing. Water demand may rise of population growth and economic activities, whilst water service provision may be challenging due to interconnected aspects of water justice, water conflict and water resources management. Policymaking adaptability to change should think about the consequences of the policy design to all stakeholders, including their situation and options and determine the most possible alternative resolutions. Most attention is given to key lessons for development considering the impact of and the need to discuss the issue of water security in a way that could contribute to protecting lives and the environment. To some extent the issue of water security in Indonesia is interconnected with general enabling measures of assessing the existing regulation at the national level. Unambiguous actions may be required at regional and local levels, together with sound socio-economic and socio-cultural institutions and instruments, namely building capacity and advocating partnerships. This primary qualitative research is about providing water security roadmap in West Java as a case in point, contributing to policy discourse on how to govern the complexity of water security issue concerning making model grounded on collaborating local community participation and regional government support.
Slamet Rosyadi, Bambang Tri Harsanto, Khairu Roojiqien Sobandi
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8868

Decentralization policy in Indonesia has been expanded to the level of the village since 2015. The main purpose of this policy is to improve the performance of village government in providing more effective public service and efforts to poverty alleviation in rural areas. The authors argue that social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity, and resources can be important factors influencing the performance of village government. However, knowledge about to which extent village governments present their actual performance concerning social capital, governance practices, leadership and resources is still not sufficient yet. Using survey data conducted in 2015, this study aims to describe the early state of village government performance and examines links among social capital, governance practices, leadership capacity and resources with village government performance. The survey has selected 10 villages representing upland and lowland areas in Banyumas Regency, Central Java Indonesia. From each village, we choose 30 community leaders to express their opinion on our variables. Data is analyzed by descriptive statistics and ordinal regression since it was an ordinal scale. The result shows that village governments still have a good ability to formulate strategic planning, to realize development outcomes relevant to community needs, to utilize public participation in decision-making stages, to develop community organization capacity and to empower villagers.
Anwar Sadat
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9283

This study aims to investigate the limit of the discretion used in administering governance and the forms of responsibility when legal deviations occur. As a government adhering to the Welfare state, the principle of legality took a maximum role insufficiently in serving the interests of the citizens. The discretion appeared as an alternative to fill the gaps and weaknesses in the application of the principle of legality (wetmatigheid van bestuur). Results showed that the implementation of public service decentralization was motivated by the devolution of power from central to local government. This study applied a purposive sampling technique and was analyzed by descriptive qualitative which began with the process of collecting data, simplifying data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions. The results revealed that the use of discretionary power by Government Officials was only able to be applied in particular cases in which the prevailing laws and regulations did not regulate them, or the existing regulations governing them was not clear and it was in an emergency / urgent situation for the public interest. The guidelines for the use of discretion were the General Principles of Good Governance. Meanwhile, the responsibility for discretionary decisions was classified into two, (1) as a job responsibility, and (2) as personal responsibility. As the job responsibility, if acting for / and on behalf of the position (ambtshalve) which there was no element of maladministration. As personal responsibility, if the use of authority was found an element of maladministration.
Wahyu Kartiko Utami, Moh Rizky Godjali
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8159

This research explained the role of women in empowerment and improvement of community literacy through waste management in Muntang Village, Kemangkon District, Purbalingga Regency. The subject of this research was a women leader in ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community namely Roro Hendarti. This research used a qualitative descriptive research method. Data collection was obtained through observation, interview, and documentation. Data were analyzed using data reduction, display and verification. The main informant in this study was Roro Hendarti as the leader of ‘Limbah Pustaka’ community, and the secondary informant was community members of Limbah Pustaka. The theory was used in this research was Astuti's (1998) women's role theory which divides women's roles into three, namely productive roles, domestic roles, and social roles. Roro Hendarti's productive role is in her role in empowering the community and the Limbah Pustaka community through the waste bank as well as training activities such as dancing, sewing, handicrafts, and so on. Domestic role is related to her role as a wife and housewife for her husband and children. Meanwhile, the social role is related to her role in increasing community literacy, especially for children in Muntang Village. Furthermore, she also helps improve their environment to reduce plastic waste. This research is expected to produce a good model or design in waste management, and later it can become an example or model for other communities in Indonesia.
Leo Agustino, Harits Hijrah Wicaksana
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8683

This article discusses and analyzes efforts to treat the coronavirus (also known as Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19)) by the governments of China, South Korea, Italy, and Indonesia. To understand the approaches each country takes is very important to get a clear picture of the efforts, steps, strategies, and policies that are formulated and implemented. To analyze COVID-19 cases in the four countries, the governance analysis framework (GAF) approach from Hamza (in Putra and Sanusi 2019) was used. This approach analyzes four aspects: scope map, stakeholder map, process map, and governance map. Articles utilizing a qualitative approach using descriptive analysis research methods. Data collection techniques used are library studies in the form of books, journal articles, online and conventional news, and the websites of authoritative institutions. Several important findings are general and specific, including, first of all, the four countries have the same orientation in handling and controlling the spread of the coronavirus. Secondly, various actors are actively involved in resolving a pandemic starting with the highest leadership of a country, medical staff and nurses, security agencies, researchers, and so on. Third, the four countries take their respective ways in solving the COVID-19 problem, but generally, they do a lockdown in addition to the health approach. Fourth, China and South Korea are considered successful examples in handling COVID19, otherwise not with Italy and Indonesia. The lack of success in Italy and Indonesia is caused by two factors, the lack of seriousness of the government and ignorance of citizens, resulting in slow handling of control and widespread of the deadly coronavirus.
Ari Darmastuti, Arizka Warganegara, Khairunisa Maulida
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.9161

The success of the COVID19 mitigation policy depends on many things, the most important of which is the performance of the government and the trust between fellow citizens in one state entity. This study aims to see people's perceptions of the government's response to the handling of COVID 19. The method used is an online qualitative survey. This national online qualitative survey represents respondents from 6 (six) major islands in Indonesia, namely Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Papua. The results of this research survey are First, 53.4% of respondents expressed dissatisfaction with the government's performance in handling the COVID 19 Pandemic. Second, 50.2% of respondents stated that Anies Baswedan was the governor whose most responsive governor was the COVID 19 Pandemic. Third, 51.1% of respondents stated that the DKI Jakarta Regional Government is considered to be the most responsive local government to COVID 19. Fourth, 46.7% of respondents chose the provision of massive rapid test kits at Puskesmas as the main thing that must be done by the government for better handling of COVID 19. Fifth, 55.9% of respondents stated that the National Government vis a vis BNPN-the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Corona Virus (COVID 19) as the most authorized institution in handling COVID 19.
Andy Fefta Wijaya, Dian Andryanto, Wike Wike
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8915

Decentralization of Indonesian villages provides opportunities for grassroots-level groups to participate in village development. This study explores the participation of women affiliated with women’s groups in the participatory processes of village development planningin the villages of Central Java. Using a mixed-methods strategy, this study found that many members of women’s groups known as women’s village activists have been involved in participatory planning processes, and used the processes to demand programs that improve women and family well-being. Besides, their priority for village development seems to differ from that of the current trend, which heavily focuses on village-scale infrastructure development. On average, this group of women have relatively good levels of education and have been active in community activities. The findings of this study reinforce the argument that women village activists who are quite active in community and grassroots activities are potential representatives in determining the priority of village development.
Hanantyo Sri Nugroho, Desiana Rizka Fimmastuti
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i2.8971

This article discusses the role of local elites in stimulating community participation in various development programs. As is well known, the Serut Hamlet area in Bantul Regency is fostered by private institutions, while the Blue Lagoon Tourism Village is a village that grows for the benefit of the community's economy. This is where the challenge of empowerment will emerge, namely the many activities that only end in a momentary 'project'. By using a qualitative approach in the form of case studies, our study shows that the contribution of the elite in the empowerment process can be said to be quite large. As it is known, the formal elite, in this case the head of the tourism village management and the hamlet head, are the owners of sufficient power to open and close access to empowerment activities. This is reinforced by the ability of the elite to "care for" the sustainability of activities through various means, namely optimization and mobilization. This elite ability is what makes it a determining factor in the success of community empowerment projects.
Muhammad Sawir, Syarifuddin Hafid
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7814

This research aims to determine the effectiveness of the Agriculture and Food Department in developing the food security sector in Yalimo Regency and what are the obstacles to its effectiveness. The research design uses qualitative methods with sources of information derived from internal and external informants Yalimo Regency Agriculture and Food Office using purposive sampling techniques. Data collection techniques through in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. The results of the study note that the Agriculture and Food Service has not been effective in implementing the development of the food security sector in the Yalimo Regency. The formulation of the development goals of the food security sector that has been implemented has not been effective, because it has not yet had a direct impact on meeting the food needs of the community in the Yalimo Regency. The description of various activities that have been carried out is not on target because the production and productivity of some commodities supporting the food security sector are still low. The Department of Agriculture and Food in the development of food crop commodities only sees the output target and the preparation of various programs and activities not based on the availability of real data according to needs. Meanwhile, the breadth of tasks and authorities developed according to organizational structure, ability, and motivation of employees is still low, and the involvement of various parties in formulating food security policies is not a barrier to the effectiveness of the Agriculture and Food Service in developing the food security sector in Yalimo Regency.
Restu Ramadhan, Ria Arifianti, Riswanda Riswanda
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7772

Tangerang City as a city that is implementing the Smart City concept to solve city problems and improve city governance. Since 2016 the Tangerang City Government has been running Smart City by creating a Tangerang LIVE Room with the Tangerang LIVE vision of Liveable, Investable, Visitable, and E-City, the vision is based on the use of information, technology and communication to create a public service system and employee work to the community to be more optimal, efficient and effective. Innovations that are being developed by the City of Tangerang have successfully made 174 Applications. The success of the application made 31 City Governments and Agencies in Indonesia adopt applications owned by the City of Tangerang. The principle of the Tangerang Smart City Partnership aims to accelerate regional development at the local level, increase economic growth and community welfare through optimizing the use of regional resources. A qualitative approach was used in this research by collecting data through library research, interviews and documentation of informants who were directly involved in carrying out these activities. The analysis of this study uses Frans Van Waarden's theory model, the results of the study show that: (1) The actors involved have been from all walks of life, but it is better to increase their involvement, (2) The function of each actor should be improved again to achieve the Tangerang policy objectives Live (3) Network structure is already running, but the good Leading Sector is transferred to the Mayor (4) Institutionalization has not been regulated (5) Rules of action have not been regulated in mayor regulations or regional regulations specifically regarding Smart City (6) Power Relations have been running with good (7) The actor's strategy is well underway to manage his dependency.
Nursaleh Hartaman, Titin Purwaningsih, Achmad Nurmandi
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7033

This research purpose is to examine the aristocrat's power in the perspective of habitus, capital, and arena. This type of research is qualitative. The results of the research show from the habitus perspective, the leadership of the descent line has gained legitimacy by the people with the “lontara” principle that is still held firmly by leaders from the aristocracy until now and Aristocrats has been prepared to become a leader from next generation. From Arena perspective, it can be seen that patronage of bureaucracy and parties has a great influence on the continuity of aristocratic power and the political system produces political opportunities that are influenced by the popularity and capacity, Finally, Capital owned by the aristocrats that are social, symbolic, economic and cultural, of the four capital the most powerful is capital symbolic because the title of aristocrat roommates then capitalized as a political tool to reap the votes in political contestation.
Dewi Masitoh
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7951

The Civil War that occurred in Liberia has been going on for a long time, where there are two rebel groups, they are: Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) and Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL). Both of these rebel groups have caused gender inequality in Liberia continuously, especially women who have been victims of this war. However, with the efforts and participation of women from Liberian society, the war was successfully reconciled without creating violence. This research is aimed at realizing that women are not only victims of gender inequality, but can also be 'agents of change' in creating peace and better change for the future of a country. This research will use qualitative research methods, that emphasize the observation and understanding of a social phenomenon, where data is collected through secondary data and literature review. This research will analyze the case using three concepts: Feminism, Gender Equality, and Peace. The research concluded that there have been several efforts that have been made by women to resolve conflicts in Liberia by creating and building peace sustainably so that peace can be stable for a long time. The efforts that have been made by Liberian women are by creating several organizations and affiliations, they are: Woman in the Peacebuilding Network (WIPNET), Mano River Women's Peace Network (MARWOPNET), Association of Female Lawyers of Liberia (AFELL). This long-term peace can improve gender equality in several sectors of Liberian society, such as the economy and political sectors that are getting better and more effective from year to year.
Fauzan Ali Rasyid, Moh. Dulkiah
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7597

This article focuses on the study of the government's political will in Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) policy. The purpose of this study is trying to understand the form of political will of the central government in poverty alleviation through PKH policies. This research method uses descriptive qualitative research methods that take research objects at the district level. The findings of this study can be classified into the following: First, poverty alleviation policies through PKH correlate with improvements in the standard of living of people in terms of education, economics, and health. Second, the implementation of PKH which aims to improve the socio-economic welfare of Very Poor Households is still loaded with political interests. Third, the government's political will is still limited to aspects of policy and not yet optimal in aspects of its implementation. This study concludes that the government's political will is not correlated with increasing the welfare of beneficiaries from very poor households.
Encup Supriatna
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.8041

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a wide impact on various sectors of people's lives, including the social and economic sectors. This study aims to analyze the social and economic impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, by taking a case study in the city of Bandung. This research was conducted using qualitative methods with data collection techniques such as observation, interviews, and documentation studies. The results of this study found that the COVID-19 pandemic harmed the economy of the people of Bandung because many were unemployed and many became new poor citizens. While from the social aspect, a prolonged COVID-19 pandemic will lead to potential conflicts if the basic needs of the community are not met properly. The implication is that the Bandung City Government needs to expand its social protection program to help the poor, both new and existing ones. But the positive aspect of this pandemic is that it raises the collective awareness of the community to help each other, thus creating social solidarity among the people.
Rio Yusri Maulana
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7317

The Open Government Indonesia (OGI) action plan, provides a focus on strengthening public services and strengthening public information disclosure, as well as strengthening data governance, it can be facilitated by the presence of government base applications. The success in implementing e-government is the level of policy, fiscal support, and infrastructure. At the community level, although the implementation of e-government has opened up a large space for community participation in using civil rights through a variety of available channels, limited access is a major technical obstacle, supported by a lack of socialization, and application design that is not user-friendly. Initial findings explain that the collaborative process seems less-coordination, open government design has not been connected to the rules for implementing innovations in the regional government, the cause is the absence of commitment from regional heads and stakeholders, the gap between understanding and practical facts is still too wide.
Hamsinah Djaing, Sangkala Sangkala, Muhammad Rusdi, Andi Ahmad Yani
Journal of Governance, Volume 5; doi:10.31506/jog.v5i1.7722

Water utility service is a fundamental service in urban society. Urban citizens expect a high quality of service that made the service provider company should be responsible to provide it. This study aims to examine service quality of water utilizes services which are delivered by the Regional Water Supply Company (RWSC) in the City of Makassar, Indonesia. The method used in this research is the quantitative method through a customer satisfaction survey. The research conducted in the Regional Water Supply Company (RWSC) of Makassar, precisely in four regions. The study employs a stratified sampling method based on regions and the number of the population is 163,549 customers. This study applies 95 percent and margin error is 5 percent which means the number of samples is interviewed not lower than 384 respondents. The data was collected through face to face interviews with questionnaires. The data obtained from the field is processed using a technical analysis of descriptive statistical data. The result shows that the customers of water utility services have moderate satisfaction where technical services are far better than non-technical services.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.6526

This study aims to examine more deeply the problems of women politicians in Gorontalo DPRD in Gorontalo Province in the formulation of public policies and seek to provide a new paradigm for strengthening the capacity of women politicians in the process of formulating public policies as a solution to the problems in intent. Women politicians have not been very much involved in the formulation of policies in the parliament, women politicians only become participants when the formulation of policies regarding women is reached and they become connoisseurs when the policies are passed. This problem arises if we try to compare it dichotomically with the existence of women in a quantitative context that is on average proportional to almost half the regional and national population. This research is a qualitative research, using a case study that is intended to explore in-depth explanations and conduct an analysis of the role of women politicians in Gorontalo District Parliament in the period 2014-2019 in formulating public policies. From the results of the study, researchers found that women politicians in Gorontalo District Parliament were not maximal in formulating public policies. Then through Focussed Group Discussion (FGD), Gorontalo women leaders consisting of academics, politicians, women activists, youth organizations and student organizations formulate a paradigm or model that is considered to be able to maximize the role of women in parliament. The paradigm or model or concept referred to is compiled in the form of recommendations that will be given to each political party and Regency / City DPRD and Provincial DPRD in Gorontalo Province and may be used as a reference in strengthening the capacity of women politicians in Gorontalo in particular and Indonesia in general. The recommendation is the provision of political education, the need for a Gender Analysis Pathway (GAP) and Gender Budget Statement (GBS), there must be regulation and characterization.Keywords: New Paradigm, Strengthening Capacity, Women Politicians, Public Policy
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.6870

This is a study about the nexus relations among globalisation, democratisation process and its implication upon the political change in Malaysia. Malaysian internal politics is very dynamics and contentious as well as running based on the ethnic consensus. The result recent Malaysian election has changed the Malaysian political landscape. The 61 years regime of Barisan Nasional (BN) has been defeated by the opposition that led by former Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohammad. By applying qualitative library research. The result shows that the globalisation has a direct impact on the Malaysian democratisation progress. It also, therefore, influences on creating a political change in Malaysia. This paper argues that globalisation and democratisation process became a trigger factor of new media development. The non BN-linked government media such as and the Malaysian Insider play a significant role in distributing information related to the corruption scandal of BN elites, notably a corruption scandal of Najib Razak, a former Prime Minister of Malaysia.
Monirul Islam
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.5595

Development, in part, depends on the institutional quality of a state administration (good governance) to respond to the external affair (globalization). To corroborate it, the study aims to investigate the effect of good governance on globalization by employing both Auto Regressive Distributive Lag (ARDL) and VAR-based Variance Decomposition (VDC) estimation techniques in the context of Bangladesh over the period 1990-2016. In addition, almost similar result is found in this nexus while using both two techniques—ARDL and VDC. The study finds that there appears a co-integration between good governance and globalization in which ‘voice and accountability’ affects globalization significantly both in the long and short run. ‘Political stability and no violence’ has significantly negative impact both in the long and short run. Besides, government effectiveness, rule of law, regulatory quality and control of corruption have no substantial impact on globalization in both long and short run. Therefore, the study suggests taking appropriate policy measures to galvanize the core governance/good governance mechanisms to reach the aspired trajectory of globalization.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.6751

Open Government Data (OGD) is a database produced by the government that can be freely accessed, used or modified, therefore, this is a support to increase transparency and public participation. This article aims to analyze the effectively optimizing Open Government Data on the Jogja Go Open Data “JAGO DATA” in Yogyakarta Municipality. Furthermore, the methodology of this article uses qualitative research with in-depth interviews and literature, moreover, the variables of this research are focused on legal guidelines and frameworks (crosstab query is 47.5%), the ability of web portal system (crosstab query is 27.5%), and human resource in government and its attitude (crosstab query is 25%), therefore, its data findings were analyzed with Nvivo 12 plus software. The result of this article shows that the Yogyakarta city government successfully implemented JAGO DATA to support transparency, accountability, and encourage public participation, moreover, it is has implemented directives regarding Open Data regulation and its innovation designed with a collaborative among regional-level work units (SKPD). Therefore, the JAGO DATA portal is rated as user-friendly with the model used at the information stage and its maturity of a web portal is still in the pre-adoption level.
Andri Irawan, Burhanudin Mukhamad Faturahman
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.6569

Implementation of Public Services Motivation (PSM) is a necessity for the Office of Investment and One Stop Integrated Services (DPMPTSP) where this organization has integrated services both central and local. The research objective is to analyze the application of the PSM principles in DPMPTSP service performance in Merauke Regency using descriptive methods and qualitative approaches. The results showed that the principles of PSM have not been fully implemented by DPMPTSP Merauke Regency. As for the principles that are implemented quite well that is seen from the indicators of commitment to public interest, empathy and self-sacrifice. But for indicators of employee interest only at the level of duties and orders from the supervisor of each section only because most of their time has been taken to carry out the tasks assigned. For this reason, increasing employee interest in providing services is very important so that DPMPTSP of Merauke Regency can serve the community well and have an impact on employees to improve their performance.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i2.6333

As a major palm oil producer in the world, Indonesia has the duty to improve and upgrade the sustainably operational standards and pro-environment palm oil industry in accordance with the global sustainable development agenda. This is important, considering the strategic economic value of the Indonesian palm oil industry for national development and its potential strength of political economy at the international level. Critics from the international community regarding unsustainable palm oil practices, environmental degradation, deforestation, and the lack of regulation, become motivation for all stakeholders to improve Indonesian palm oil industry in all sectors and to strengthen its position at the global level. In order to move towards the spirit and ideals, the Indonesian palm oil industry adopted a governance model through a multi stakeholder partnership (MSP) FOKSBI and Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO). The way this Governance model provide solutions to problems and challenges of the Indonesian palm oil industry is analyzed by understanding the concept of Multi Stakeholders Partnership. Multi stakeholders partnership is able to figure out a complicated issue in the Indonesian palm oil industry since it has a characteristic of involving various actors such as government, private sectors, civil society, and international organization which can strengthen commitment and modalities of all the stakeholders in achieving common goals. Thus, coordination and sharing burden will be more directed, equal, and in accordance with their respective advantages. This study uses a qualitative method with the MSP FOKSBI case study in the Indonesian palm oil industry. The result of the study indicates that the MSP FOKSBI and ISPO have a significant part in improving the Indonesian palm oil industry, especially the fundamental transformational change towards a sustainable Indonesian palm oil industry.
Rahmad Hidayat, Hendra Hendra, Muhamad Iptidaiyah
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5369

Law No. 6/2014 on Villages becomes the rule of application of negotiable governance in the management of village development. Authority in this domain must be translated as a negotiation space for various stakeholders. Accessibility of public participation in any regular citizenship forum must be guaranteed to be fulfilled by the Village Government, in line with the willingness of this village-scale authoritative institution to create public information transparency. This paper aims to examine the level of institutionalization of negotiable governance in the management of development in Bajo Village, Soromandi Sub-District, Bima District. As qualitative research with a descriptive approach, this research utilized in-depth interviews, observation, document tracking, and document analysis techniques in which a number of village government apparatus and villagers were used as informants to mine the data. The results of this study show that institutionalizing negotiable governance has not been taken seriously because the public participation in regular citizenship forums in Bajo Village is only possible because of "invitation" from the village government alone. The politicization of the public space seems only to be positioned as a mere formality through that "invitation" mechanism. Participatory governance seems to exist, but it is not implemented properly. More than that, the availability of information access is still very limited and relies heavily on the willingness of the village government to provide it to all existing residents. Certain information can only be accessed by the people who have the closest relationship with certain village officials, not villagers in general. The communication media is still limited to the existing formal forum which is believed to remain exclusive because it only involves certain elements of the community, who cannot possibly represent the needs of all groups of society.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5474

Bureaucratic problems especially in the public services is a big problem that is difficult to resolve. This is also experienced by Indonesia, but various efforts to improve public services have been carried out by focusing on the competence of Human Resources. Activities related to the development of the competency of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) are clearly regulated in the legislation, however, the development of competencies for the front office in public institutions that are indeed serving as service directors and occupying the front work area has not been clearly regulated. This article highlights the phenomenon that occurred in the Tax Office (KPP) of Surabaya as a mid-level tax office in Surabaya. The existence of high demands from taxpayers in terms of excellent service makes a front office must be qualified. Front office as the front guard has a big responsibility because it reflects the good image of an institution. The purpose of this study is to find out what competencies are owned by the front office of the Surabaya KPP Madya in providing services. In order to achieve the intended goals, researchers use qualitative methods and conduct analysis using the Competency Theory. From the research conducted, researchers obtained results that front office competency was good enough.
Riccardo. Pelizzo,
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5446

The purpose of the present study is to assess the ethical standards of Indonesian parliamentarians, how they provides Indonesian MPs with proper cognitive guidance, to identify what factors may be responsible for variation in ethical standards and to assess how Indonesia parliamentarians compare to legislators and policy makers from other countries. The methodological approach, employed in each of these studies, to map the ethical preferences of parliamentarians can also be used to explore how the ethical world of Indonesian parliamentarians has changed over time, in addition to replicating the analyses performed in previous studies with a larger sample, the paper explored three sets of questions that previous studies had not addressed. First, we explored what are some of the correlates or some possible causes of individual attitudes; Second, we assessed how the ethical attitudes and standards of respondents shape the way they perceive corruption; Third, we performed a similar analysis with data collected among Kazakhstani civil servants to test whether the perception of corruption is influenced by ethical attitudes also outside Indonesia or not.
Afrimadona Afrimadona, Shanti Darmastuti,
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.4020

This article assesses the relationship between democracy and welfare policy. There are substantial variations in the empirical evidence regarding the relationship between these two variables. While some works showed that there is a systematic relationship between democracy and welfare policy, others failed to show that relationship. We argue that we need to look at the internal political variables within these democracies in order to see what factors within those polities that can lead to a more welfare-oriented policy. We further argue that democracies with parliamentary system and proportional representation are more likely to adopt welfare-oriented policy. Using panel data of 32 democracies from 1961 to 2015, we find some empirical supports for our argument.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.4874

The 2017 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election was one of the most competitive local elections in Indonesia. This election clearly used religious and ethnic populism strategy that divided Jakarta citizens into two groups: A Muslim Governor’s supporters Vs. Incumbent`s supporters. The root of the Muslim governor’s supporters was the rejection of some Islamic organizations against the rise of Chinese-Christian Incumbent Governor – Basuki Tjahaja Purnama or “Ahok”. This sentiment found a momentum when Ahok was accused of blasphemy against Islam that provoked Muslims furious. Moreover, Anies Baswedan became a successful candidate utilizing the sentiments and used mosques to echo the resistance against non- muslim Governor candidate.
Journal of Governance, Volume 4; doi:10.31506/jog.v4i1.5321

One of the Agenda 3 subject material, for participant in basic training of civil servant candidates (CPNS) Group III is Whole of Government (WoG). These CPNS are prospective young lecturers at various universities in Indonesia. The presence of WoG training subject, it is hoped that the prospective young lecturers can quickly actualize the concepts and implementation of WoG concepts in higher education in a policy perspective in Indonesia. Problems faced by Indonesia universities is the website ranking is still low based on Webometrics. The development of a website must have sufficient insight into the concept of Dynamic Archives, the concept of e-Government and the concept of WoG that are interrelated and have an impact. It is because of universities have vision and mission to become World Class University (WCU), and one of efforts to reach that by increasing the international ranking in Webometrics.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.4427

This study analyzes about accomodating the electors registration for those Who do not have citizenship document. Due to the equality guarantee of Political rights and universal suffrage to each citizen is a format of democratic and integrated election without any discrimination. The problem arise is how effective the presence of domicile certificate in protecting the citizen suffrage is? Analizing it by using qualitative approach of case study. The result shows that 1,36% or 1.285 People of 94.454 total of their voter list are novice voter, apathetic voters to their demographic documents and voters from trusts who previously had Lost the election rights. However the polemic emerged later is even stipulated in the regulation of general election commission, it is feared to result in mibilization as well as in contrast with domicile administrative formation. Hence, for the election data accuracy, regulation adjustment is needed between voter data and population, maintaining sustainable previous voter data base Key Word: Integrated Election, Voter Registration, SKD, KPU Samosir.
, Syifa Davia Harija
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3104

Recently, the ideology of Islamist militant to build a nation under Islamic government appears to give impact both politically and socially to the society. Garut, in this case, historically had known as the hideout of DI/TII and today, it is frequently selected as the hiding place of national or ‘ex middle-east’ radicalists. This study is a descriptive study that used phenomenology approach to examine how local government, namely Garut regency government, as the stickholder acts to protect civilians and maintain regional stability. This study also covers discussion of the strategy they had used to prevent radicalism. Findings show that local government, in this case the Garut regency government, only applied ceremonial strategy to anticipate the act of radicalism in their region. In the other words, they have not made any real move to prevent radicalism yet. Keywords: Strategy, Local Government, Radicalism
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3906

This study is aimed to explore further how the laborers in Semarang determined their political preferences in the 2004-2014 presidential and legislative elections. As we know, many studies have been conducted to discuss laborers and politics. But few of them discussed laborer voting behaviors in the election. This study uses a quantitative approach and survey method. The survey was conducted to 394 industrial laborers in Semarang city. By using psychological and rational choice models, this study resulted in two major findings. First, the emergence of political consciousness among industrial laborers in the electoral politics. Second, the dominant influence of psychological factors on laborer voting behaviors. From these findings, I argue that the quality of democracy among laborers is relatively good and that figure-based politics, even among laborers, tends to be found wider and seems to be the “new style” of democracy in Indonesia.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3255

This research portrays religious attitudes of radicalism and terrorism which are manifested in the prohibition of religious worship activities, the spread of hatred, religious based violence or destruction of places of worship. This study uses a grounded theory research design. This research took place in Lamongan because the city was known as a region with religious schools laying out terrorist actors in Indonesia. The scientific contribution of this research is as a warning to the government to always be aware of radical and terrorist acts. This research describes a person's behavior from radicalism to terrorism is influenced by several factors, including differences in beliefs, ethnicity, socio-economic status as an initial symptom that has the potential to produce symptoms of radicalism to terrorism. But this difference if it is not supported by the existence of economic interests that play a role in linking the differences with radicalism and terrorism which, if strengthened later can also produce terrorism. On the other hand there is the role of the presence of the state, which can reduce or strengthen the role of economic interests in generating radicalism and terrorism.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3868

This research wants to know the model candidacy, and motive political party choose the candidate with bureaucrat background in head election government in Rokan Hilir Regency year 2015. This study uses a qualitative approach; Triangulation technique was operated to get the more in-depth analysis to give about model candidacy and motives political party to chose the candidate with background bureaucrat. The results show that the bureaucrat candidacy model by political parties with the mechanism of selection, classification, and recommendation of candidates. The motive of the political party choose bureaucrat background candidates on the direct local head election implementation in Rokan Hilir Regency in the year 2015 is based on several aspects, First, the agreement of support through bargaining and political contracts. Second, the social status and governance management capability. Third, financial sponsor and electability network. Fourth, the weakness of the system of cadres in the political party. Fifth, bureaucracy mobilization capability.Keywords: Model, Candidacy, Political Party, Direct Local Government Election, Rokan Hilir Regency.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i2.3884

Immunization programs have contributed to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and mortality among children. Although Indonesia has experienced remarkable progress in reducing child mortality, universal immunization coverage has not been achieved. This paper aims to identify important factors affecting the incidence of child immunization in Indonesia using the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) of 2012. By probit regression, I estimated the child immunization acceptance and analyzed the impact of location of households at the provincial level which divide the location of respondents both inside and outside of Java. I found that mother’s level of education, household assets, and urbanity are important factors affecting the uptake of vaccinations. In addition, significant regional differences in vaccination incidence indicated that local resources serve as bottlenecks in vaccination. By encouraging government policies that improve women’s schooling, household assets, and regional support for health, immunization coverage could increase and even become more universal
Rahmad Hidayat
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.882

: This paper tries to explore the practice of residential segregation in a village and its impact on the villagers’ comprehension about the concept of citizenship. The process of separating the residential location of a group who came from Bali with other groups in the village of Oi Bura of Tambora sub-district in Bima district reflects the immortal existing of colonial legacies in the form of ethnic and religious residential segregation. As a result, these practices have triggered the emergence of social distance among social groups and then hurt the principle of social inclusion or social solidarity as major dimensions of citizenship.Keywords: villagers; intersubjectivity; residential segregation; colonial legacy; production-based social structure; citizenship.Abstrak : Tulisan ini hendak mengungkap praktek segregasi residensial di sebuah desa dan dampaknya terhadap pemahaman warga desa tentang konsep kewarganegaraan. Proses pemisahan lokasi pemukiman sekelompok orang yang berasal dari Bali dengan kelompok lainnya di Desa Oi Bura Kecamatan Tambora Kabupaten Bima mencerminkan keberlangsungan abadi warisan-warisan kolonial dalam bentuk segregasi residensial etnis dan agama sekaligus. Imbasnya, praktek tersebut telah memicu kemunculan jarak sosial antarkelompok masyarakat dan mencederai prinsip inklusi sosial atau solidaritas sosial yang menjadi dimensi utama kewarganegaraan.Kata kunci: warga desa; intersubyektivitas; segregasi residensial; warisan kolonial; struktur sosial berbasis produksi; kewarganegaraan.
Budi Chrismanto Sirait
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.3081

This study intends to reveal the advantages as well as the weaknesses of the implementation of the concept of good governance in changing the workings of the bureaucracy as a public servant and the lack of bureaucratic ability to involve the community through public consultation. The method used is qualitative with descriptive-analytical methodology, which aims to describe, record, analyze, and interpret the conditions that occur about concepts such as bureaucracy as an extension of the state in exercising its authority, and governance as a basic guide in the management of public sectors which was done in this period was used to limit the process of mutual bonding between the community and the regional government bureaucracy. The results and findings of this paper are in the form of literature review based on the study of the implementation of e-procurement that has been done in several local governments in Indonesia, namely the emergence of the concept of governance, which mengintroduksikan the idea of ending the state domination in managing public life, it can be read as an effort from the countries superpower to perfect the ideology of liberal democracy that has been widely embraced by developing countries including Indonesia.Keywords: Governance, E-Procurement, Bureaucracy and Public Policy. Abstrak: Studi ini bermaksud untuk mengungkap kelebihan sekaligus kelemahan dari implementasi konsep good governance dalam merubah cara kerja birokrasi sebagai pelayan masyarakat dan lemahnya kemampuan birokrasi untuk melibatkan masyarakat melalui konsultasi publik. Metode yang digunakan adalah kualitatif dengan metodologi deskriptif-analisis, yang bertujuan untuk menggambarkan, mencatat, menganalisa, dan menginterpretasikan kondisi yang terjadi mengenai konsep-konsep seperti birokrasi sebagai perpanjangan tangan negara dalam melakukan otoritasnya, dan governance sebagai panduan dasar dalam pengelolaan sektor-sektor publik yang dilakukan pada masa ini ternyata dipergunakan sebatas untuk mendetailkan proses terjalinnya ikatan timbal-balik antara masyarakat dengan birokrasi pemerintahan daerah. Hasil dan temuan dari tulisan ini adalah berupa literature review berdasarkan kajian dari penerapan e-procurement yang telah dilakukan di beberapa pemerintahan daerah di Indonesia yaitu munculnya konsep governance yang mengintroduksikan ide diakhirinya dominasi negara dalam mengelola kehidupan publik. Hal tersebut merupakan upaya ideologi demokrasi liberal yang mulai banyak dianut oleh negara-negara berkembang termasuk Indonesia.Kata Kunci: Governance, E-Procurement, Birokrasi dan Kebijakan Publik.
, Sayed Fahrul
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.3099

The recruitment of the member of Electoral Independent Commissionaire (KIP) of Aceh Barat Daya (Abdya) District from the period of 2013-2018 which is conducted by legislative (DPRK) Abdya shown the relation and interaction of power with the executive. One of the case is the dismissed of Muhammad Jakfar as the member of the Electoral Independent Commissionaire of the period 2013-2014 permanently in 2016 because of being involved the Aceh Party officials of the period 2011-2015. The election of Muhammad Jakfar at that time as the KIP’s member of the period 2013-2018 is interesting to study in the perspective of patronage. For that reason, the theory used in this study is theory of patronage. This research is used a qualitative descriptive approach method, which is construct the reality and process interactively. The findings of this research have shown the local head electoral (Pilkada) 2012 has drive the patronage in the recruitment of the member of KIP of Aceh Barat Daya district of the period of 2013-2018.Keywords: Aceh Barat daya (Abdya); Member of KIP; Patronage Abstrak: Rekrutmen anggota Komisi Independen Pemilihan (KIP) Kabupaten Aceh Barat Daya (Abdya) periode 2013-2018 yang dilaksanakan oleh Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Kabupaten (DPRK) Abdya menunjukkan adanya relasi dan interaksi kekuasaan dengan lembaga eksekutif. Salah satunya adalah kasus pemberhentian Muhammad Jakfar oleh DKPP sebagai anggota KIP karena terlibat kepengurusan Partai Aceh Periode 2011-2015. Terpilihnya Muhammad Jakfar saat itu sebagai anggota KIP Aceh Barat Daya periode 2013-2018 menarik untuk dikaji dalam perspektif patronase. Teori yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah teori patronage. Kajian ini menggunakan metode pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif yaitu mengonstruksikan realitas dan proses secara interaktif. Dari hasil analisis, maka dapat dikatakan bahwa Pilkada Abdya tahun 2012 telah membuka ruang terjadinya patronase dalam rekrutmen anggota KIP Abdya periode 2013-2018.Kata kunci: Aceh Barat Daya (Abdya); Anggota KIP; Patronase.
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.3035

BUMDes was established to move and accelerate rural economy. It aims to put together all the rural resources under the management of villagers itself in order to increase rural real income and reach self-sustainability. And yet, BUMDes which originally designed as a spearhead of rural economy mostly become inactive and underdeveloped due to the lack of public participation. BUMDes need to learn from the failures of practices of the previous rural economic institutions. Policy architecture that rests on top-down management has been proven impotent in rising rural economy. Instead, it becomes a new medium of capitalization for some rural elites over its resources. To be able to achieve sustainability and autonomy it will take material requirement in term of participation which supported by ownership. Rural people/villagers are entitled to own their rural resources. Therefore, building BUMDes needs to consider a widened ownership. This purpose can be institutionalized by building BUMDes inclusively. By adapting cooperatives model, villagers or rural people will be able to become member or owner of BUMDes.Keywords : BUMDes, Rural area, Cooperative, Public ParticipationAbstrak: BUMDes dibangun dengan tujuan untuk menggerakan dan mengakselerasi perekenomian desa. Harapannya segala sumber daya yang dimiliki desa bisa dikelola oleh warga desa sendiri untuk meningkatkan pendapatan asli desa, sehingga desa bisa mandiri. Namun BUMDes yang dirancang sebagai ujung tombak ekonomi desa banyak yang mati sebelum berkembang karena minimnya partisipasi warga. BUMDes perlu belajar dari gagalnya praktik institusi-institusi ekonomi desa sebelumnya. Arsitektur kebijakan yang berpola top-down terbukti tidak mampu meningkatkan ekonomi desa. Justru malah menjadi medan kapitalisasi elite desa atas sumber daya yang dimilki desa. Untuk menuju kemandirian, perlu syarat material berupa partisipasi yang ditopang oleh kepemilikan. Warga desa memiliki hak untuk menjadi pemilik atas sumber daya desanya. Oleh karenanya membangun BUMDes perlu mempertimbangkan kepemilikan yang diperluas. Maka tujuan tersebut bisa dilembagakan dengan langkah membangun BUMDes secara inklusif. Mengadaptasi model koperasi, warga desa bisa menjadi member/pemilik dari BUMDes.Kata Kunci: BUMDes, Desa, Koperasi, Partisipasi Warga
Hendrawan Toni
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.3008

This paper aims to discuss how the representation model conducted by Tourism Awareness Group (Pokdarwis) Karya Wisata as one of the groups that manage Pindul Cave tourism object. As it is known, until 2013, the management of Pindul Cave tourism object has caused a conflict because it was monopolized by three Pokdarwis who have stood first. This research uses descriptive method with qualitative approach. The data used in this research are the primary data obtained through interviews to some informants and secondary data obtained from several related parties. This research shows that what has been done by Pokdarwis Karya Wisata has shown its function as an agent of representative of Karang Mojo and Grogol society. This research also concludes that the representation model presented by Pokdarwis Karya Wisata can be categorized as a model of substantive representation (acting for), in which they have represented the concerns of Karang Mojo and Grogol society who were not involved in the management of Pindul Cave tourist object.Keywords: conflict; pindul cave; pokdarwis karya wisat; substantive representation.Abstrak: Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mendiskusikan bagaimana model representasi yang dipraktekkan oleh Pokdarwis Karya Wisata sebagai salah satu kelompok yang mengelola objek wisata Goa Pindul. Sebagaimana diketahui, sampai tahun 2013, pengelolaan Goa Pindul telah menimbulkan konflik karena hanya dimonopoli oleh tiga Pokdarwis yang berdiri lebih awal. Data primer yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini diperoleh dari wawancara beberapa informan, sedangkan data sekunder diperoleh dari beberapa pihak terkait. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa apa yang telah dilakukan oleh Pokdarwis Karya Wisata telah memperlihatkan fungsinya sebagai lembaga perwakilan masyarakat Karang Mojo dan Grogol. Penelitian ini juga menyimpulkan bahwa model representasi yang dipraktekkan oleh Pokdarwis Karya Wisata dalam upayanya mewakili kepentingan masyarakat Karang Mojo dan Grogol dapat dikategorikan sebagai model representasi substantif (acting for).Kata kunci: konflik; goa pindul; pokdarwis karya wisata; representasi substantif.
Hanantyo Sri Nugroho
Journal of Governance, Volume 3; doi:10.31506/jog.v3i1.3025

The village is an autonomous region and existed before the state was formed. This is because the village has a self-governing community, where the right to manage and take care of himself. That is, the village has become a socio-political entity of its own. However, rural government institutions that have formed marginalized. The consequence is the loss of the village administration space to organize themselves. By using the character of qualitative research, this study tries to make sense of the importance of strengthening rural government institutions after the statute of the village. The results showed the openness of space owned by the village government prioritize economic development, while strengthening rural government institutions are still marginalized. Keywords: Institutional village administration; self-governing communityAbstrak: Desa merupakan wilayah yang otonom dan ada sebelum negara terbentuk. Hal ini dikarenakan desa memiliki self-governing community, dimana berhak mengatur maupun mengurus dirinya. Artinya, desa telah menjadi suatu entitas sosial-politik tersendiri. Namun, kelembagaan pemerintahan desa yang telah terbentuk mulai terpinggirkan. Konsekuensinya adalah hilangnya ruang pemerintahan desa untuk mengatur dirinya. Dengan menggunakan penelitian bersifat kualitatif, penelitian ini mencoba menalar pentingnya penguatan kelembagaan pemerintahan desa setelah adanya undang-undang desa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keterbukaan ruang yang dimiliki pemerintah desa mendahulukan pembangunan ekonomi, sedangkan penguatan kelembagaan pemerintahan desa masih terpinggirkan.Kata kunci: Kelembagaan pemerintahan desa; self-governing community
Yeby Ma'asan Mayrudin
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2674

This article examines the phenomenon of shifting the ideologicalpositioning on political parties in the 2014 election. It’s also presents themapping of ideological positioning of parties. The main argument arecreated by the political parties in the 2014 election seemed to exercise ashiftting in ideological positioning. In addition, this research also succeededin characterizing the shifting typology of party in the 2014 election, at leastthere are three patterns: conservative, progressive conservatist, andextremist.
M. Dian Hikmawan
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2678

In defining citizenship, we need an pre-position that places everything in an equal position. This means that politics must be able to bridge the citizen's equal behavior. Under these circumstances, the possibility of political life becomes the key for understanding everyday political events. This paper discussing how citizens should struggle in politics in Indonesia to achieve equality for these citizenship. Modern democracy which requires general rationality becomes the problem that arises when the general rationality is transformed into a hegemonic that injures the rights of other citizens. The unique political life of the citizens is reduced by the common sense of rationality, At least this paper cultivates the exclusion behavior of citizens in daily life.
Hendrawan Toni Taruno
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2676

This research aimed to discuss the parking policy in Semarang which has not been managed properly. In general, the condition of parking management in Semarang is still quite bad. This is indicated by the poor parking service provided and the low amount of parking retribution every year. During 2011 - 2012 for example, the revenue realization of parking retribution was only about 1.3 billion rupiah from the target of about 4.8 billion rupiah, or only about 25 percent of the target set. This condition was worsened by parking services that were very uncomfortable and unsatisfactory. This research used a descriptive method with a qualitative approach. The author used secondary data which was obtained from PATTIRO Kota Semarang. This study focuses on parking policy in Semarang by describing the condition of parking management which already exists and discussing revenue gap between target and realization from parking retribution. By analizing data, the authors argued that the main problem of parking management in Semarang is the weak implementation of the Regional Regulation on parking retribution. In addition, the parking policy managed by local Government tends to be unsatisfactory, potentially leaky, and the realization is far from the target set. Therefore, in order to solve the parking problems, the local Government must seriously implement the local regulation of parking retribution and rearrange the parking management which already exists.
Denok Kurniasih Dan Dyah Retna Puspita Azida Nurul Hayya
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2677

Kebumen District Regulation Number 10 Year 2008 on Street Traders tries to organize and manage street hawkers that often disturb the order and beauty around the Kebumen square. The use of square by street hawkers has an adverse impact on the environment. The research was conducted by qualitative research approach, with informant selection using purposive sampling technique to those who are considered competent and representing every element of society related to Implementation of Local Regulation Number 10 Year 2008 on Structuring of Street Traders in Kebumen District. This research gives an overview of research results indicate that implementation can not run well. Implementing the policy can not do much to see from the discretion, initiative and creativity that had been taken. While the impact on the policy objectives has not been able to increase productivity, satisfaction, activity, and compliance of traders. The results of the research can be an input for local government to stop or terminate policy change on Local Regulation No. 10 Year 2008 on the arrangement of street hawkers to be relevant to the conditions in this field.
Dede Sri Kartini
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2671

The Implementation of democracy is easily known as a one of theinvolvement of the people in determining their leader through the election. But theimplementation of elections without supervision is impossible to produce freeelections, confidential, honest and fair. Electoral supervision theoretically stilluse management concepts that certainly need discourse to find concepts and eventhe definition of appropriate electoral supervision. This literature study intends todiscuss the definition of electoral supervision, the scope of electoral supervision,the types of election violations, and then link it with democracy. The history ofelectoral supervision will also be presented as an opening of this paper. Tooversee democracy, it is necessary to control elections that are structurallyimplemented from the BAWASLU to the PANWASLU in the Villages, as well asparticipatory oversight by involving volunteers from the community.
Luavikar Alfan Cahasta
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i2.2679

This study is about one innovations democratic actors in efforts to democratize democracy through the installation of an institution called Aspirations House. This study will specifically address the Aspirations House that initiated by one of the members of the House of Representatives 2009-2014 period, regarding the subject and context of representation RAB. RAB has two subjects who represented, the constituency Budiman Sudjatmiko in CilacapBanyumas electoral district and Budiman it self. Using the model representation Mansbrige (2003), RAB can be identified as Promissory representation. RAB representation practice work in the context of the embodiment of a political campaign promises of Budiman Sudjatmiko during legislative elections. RAB as an alternative representation organization, run advocacy issues that concern the biggest population of constituent
Restu Rahmawati
Journal of Governance, Volume 1; doi:10.31506/jog.v1i1.1841

Penelitian ini membahas tentang pengaruh figur calon pemimpin terhadap partisipasi politik masyarakat Kelurahan Sunter Agung Kecamatan Tanjung Priok Jakarta Utara pada Pemilukada DKI Jakarta 2012. Menariknya pilkada DKI Jakarta tahun 2012, dikarenakan para kandidat tidak hanya warga Jakarta saja namun kandidat dari luar Jakarta pun berkontestasi pada pilkada tersebut. Hal inilah kemudian yang mengakibatkan banyaknya figur pilihan yang akan menjadi pertimbangan warga Jakarta. Namun kembali lagi kepada masyarakat Jakarta mampu tidak memilih figur yang kredibel dan mempunyai kapasitas untuk memimpin Jakarta. Penelitian ini akan melihat apakah figur calon pemimpin yaitu credibility, dan capability mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap tingkat partisipasi politik masyarakat di Kelurahan Sunter Agung, Kecamatan Tanjung Priok Jakarta Utara pada pilkada DKI Jakarta 2012; dan mengenai variabel kualitas figur calon pemimpin manakah yang mempunyai pengaruh dominan terhadap tingkat partisipasi politik masyarakat Kelurahan Sunter Agung, Kecamatan Tanjung Priok Jakarta Utara pada pemilukada DKI Jakarta 2012. Metode Penelitian yang digunakan yakni kuantitatif. Dan hasil penelitian menjelaskan bahwa credibility dan capability mempunyai pengaruh yang positif signifikan terhadap partisipasi politik, dan credibility mempunyai pengaruh yang lebih besar terhadap partisipasi politik.
Yeby Ma’Asan Mayrudin
Journal of Governance, Volume 1; doi:10.31506/jog.v1i1.1840

Tulisan ini merupakan artikel refleksi yanghendak menyajikan dan mendiskusikan tentang gugatan atas kuasa DPR RI yang sangat mendominasi roda pemerintahan di Indonesia pasca bergulirnya reformasi. Penampilan demokratis ala DPR, seyogyanya perlu kita kritisi dan coba menyodorkan suatu yang dapat menghalau superioritas lembaga tersebut.Memang terasa sulit untuk mengontrol tindakannya, karena modal konstitusional berupa undang-undang terpatri pada lembaga tersebut. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan upaya dekonstruksi terhadap kemapanan kuasa DPR atas negara ini.Maka dari itu, artikel ini coba menawarkan refleksi dan rekonstruksi terhadap peran dan fungsi DPR RI guna mewujudkan efektivitas penyelenggaraan pemerintahan
M.A Roby Firman Syah
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i1.2117

Society-based on forest growth will increase the inter-society communication activities which deliver a community forum. The participation which directed to policy practice only has its weakness, that’s the inability to grow “belongingness” about forest growth program among communities. By participating actively in community forum, the conflict thoughts will be modified into empowering people in order to help government program.
Rendy Adiwilaga
Journal of Governance, Volume 2; doi:10.31506/jog.v2i1.2124

In fact, the movement of Islamisme has special portion in the political world. It not only presents as a potential power, this movement is also there as a good bargain to define and colorise the political climate. The movement not only exists as antithesis to the old concept created by the western, but also it appears as a movement to influence the colors of the political states in many countries, particularly in the newly independent states after the World War II. This present article explains how, historically, the Ideology of Islam Transnational as the idology that spread over in Indonesia after reformation movement builds a new hegemony. It also describes how this ideology influences the Pancasila, especially the existence of Pancasila as the national concensus.
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